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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Nitroglycerin reverts clinical manifestations of poor peripheral perfusion in patients with circulatory shock.
Crit Care
PUBLISHED: 02-03-2014
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Recent clinical studies have shown a relationship between abnormalities in peripheral perfusion and unfavorable outcome in patients with circulatory shock. Nitroglycerin is effective in restoring alterations in microcirculatory blood flow. The aim of this study was to investigate whether nitroglycerin could correct the parameters of abnormal peripheral circulation in resuscitated circulatory shock patients.
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Postoperative sublingual microcirculatory derangement following esophagectomy is prevented with dobutamine.
Clin. Hemorheol. Microcirc.
PUBLISHED: 10-21-2011
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Esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction is characterized by high postoperative morbidity rates. Recently it was shown that decreased sublingual microvascular blood flow (MBF) preoperatively was associated with increased rate of complications after abdominal surgery. Similar observations in severely septic patients could be treated with dobutamine, independent of cardiac output. Based on these considerations we hypothesized that sublingual MBF derangements are more likely to be found in patients undergoing high risk surgery such as esophagectomy, and if present, might be prevented with administration of low dose dobutamine.
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The relation of near-infrared spectroscopy with changes in peripheral circulation in critically ill patients.
Crit. Care Med.
PUBLISHED: 06-21-2011
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We conducted this observational study to investigate tissue oxygen saturation during a vascular occlusion test in relationship with the condition of peripheral circulation and outcome in critically ill patients.
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Serum C-reactive protein as a predictor of morbidity and mortality in intensive care unit patients after esophagectomy.
Ann. Thorac. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2011
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Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) is an acute-phase protein, synthesized during any proinflammatory response in the body. Preoperative elevation of serum CRP has been reported to be a prognostic indicator in oncologic surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the value of postoperative serum CRP elevation as a prognostic parameter in patients undergoing elective esophagectomy followed by routine admission to the intensive care unit (ICU).
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Real-time assessment of renal cortical microvascular perfusion heterogeneities using near-infrared laser speckle imaging.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 07-20-2010
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Laser speckle imaging (LSI) is able to provide full-field perfusion maps of the renal cortex and allows quantification of the average LSI perfusion within an arbitrarily set region of interest and the recovery of LSI perfusion histograms within this region. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of LSI for mapping renal cortical microvascular perfusion and to demonstrate the capability of LSI to assess renal perfusion heterogeneities. The main findings were that: 1) full-field LSI measurements of renal microvascular perfusion were highly correlated to single-point LDV measurements; 2) LSI is able to detect differences in reperfusion dynamics following different durations of ischemia; and 3) renal microvascular perfusion heterogeneities can be quantitatively assessed by recovering LSI perfusion histograms.
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The response of the host microcirculation to bacterial sepsis: does the pathogen matter?
J. Mol. Med.
PUBLISHED: 01-30-2010
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Sepsis results from the interaction between a host and an invading pathogen. The microcirculatory dysfunction is now considered central in the development of the often deadly multiple organ dysfunction syndrome in septic shock patients. The microcirculatory flow shutdown and flow shunting leading to oxygen demand and supply mismatch at the cellular level and the local activation of inflammatory pathways resulting from the leukocyte-endothelium interactions are both features of the sepsis-induced microcirculatory dysfunction. Although the host response through the inflammatory and immunologic response appears to be critical, there are also evidences that Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria can exert different effects at the microcirculatory level. In this review we discuss available data on the potential bacterial-specific microcirculatory alterations observed during sepsis.
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Validation of near-infrared laser speckle imaging for assessing microvascular (re)perfusion.
Microvasc. Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-04-2010
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The present study was conducted to compare laser speckle imaging (LSI) with sidestream dark field (SDF) imaging (i.e., capillary microscopy) so as to validate the use of LSI for assessing microvascular (re)perfusion. For this purpose, LSI and SDF measurements were performed on the human nail fold during gradual occlusion of the upperarm circulation to modify nail fold perfusion under controlled circumstances. Additionally, a vascular occlusion test was performed to test the ability of LSI to detect rapid changes in tissue perfusion during reactive hyperemia and a hyperthermic challenge was performed to measure LSI perfusion at maximum functional capillary density. Normalized LSI measurements (i.e., normalized to baseline is 100%) were shown to correlate positively with normalized SDF measurements (Pearsons r=0.92). This was supported by linear regression analysis (slope of 1.01, R(2)=0.85, p<0.001). During the vascular occlusion test, LSI perfusion decreased from 307+/-90 AU (baseline) to 42+/-8 AU (ischemia). Peak perfusion during reperfusion was 651+/-93 AU (212% of baseline), which had returned to baseline after 2 min. Hyperthermia increased LSI perfusion from 332+/-90 AU to 1067+/-256 AU (321% of baseline). The main finding was that changes in perfusion as measured by LSI correlated well with changes in capillary red blood cell velocities as measured by SDF imaging during controlled reduction of the (micro)vascular perfusion. It was further shown that LSI is capable of measuring tissue perfusion at high temporal and spatial resolution. In conclusion, LSI can be employed to accurately quantitate microvascular reactivity following ischemic and hyperthermic challenges.
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The effect of perfusion pressure on gastric tissue blood flow in an experimental gastric tube model.
Anesth. Analg.
PUBLISHED: 12-02-2009
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Anastomotic leakage and stricture formation remain an important surgical challenge after esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction for cancer of the esophagus. The perfusion of the anastomotic site at the proximal site of the gastric tube depends exclusively on the microcirculation, making it susceptible to hypoperfusion. We hypothesized that increasing the perfusion pressure would improve blood flow at the anastomotic site of the gastric tube.
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Simultaneous multi-depth assessment of tissue oxygen saturation in thenar and forearm using near-infrared spectroscopy during a simple cardiovascular challenge.
Crit Care
PUBLISHED: 11-30-2009
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Hypovolemia and hypovolemic shock are life-threatening conditions that occur in numerous clinical scenarios. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been widely explored, successfully and unsuccessfully, in an attempt to use it as an early detector of hypovolemia by measuring tissue oxygen saturation (StO2). In order to investigate the measurement site dependence and probe dependence of NIRS in response to hemodynamic changes, such as hypovolemia, we applied a simple cardiovascular challenge: a posture change from supine to upright, causing a decrease in stroke volume (as in hypovolemia) and a heart rate increase in combination with peripheral vasoconstriction to maintain adequate blood pressure.
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Assessment of tissue oxygen saturation during a vascular occlusion test using near-infrared spectroscopy: the role of probe spacing and measurement site studied in healthy volunteers.
Crit Care
PUBLISHED: 11-30-2009
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To assess potential metabolic and microcirculatory alterations in critically ill patients, near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been used, in combination with a vascular occlusion test (VOT), for the non-invasive measurement of tissue oxygen saturation (StO2), oxygen consumption, and microvascular reperfusion and reactivity. The methodologies for assessing StO2 during a VOT, however, are very inconsistent in the literature and, consequently, results vary from study to study, making data comparison difficult and potentially inadequate. Two major aspects concerning the inconsistent methodology are measurement site and probe spacing. To address these issues, we investigated the effects of probe spacing and measurement site using 15 mm and 25 mm probe spacings on the thenar and the forearm in healthy volunteers and quantified baseline, ischemic, reperfusion, and hyperemic VOT-derived StO2 variables.
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Laser speckle imaging identification of increases in cortical microcirculatory blood flow induced by motor activity during awake craniotomy.
J. Neurosurg.
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The goal of awake neurosurgery is to maximize resection of brain lesions with minimal injury to functional brain areas. Laser speckle imaging (LSI) is a noninvasive macroscopic technique with high spatial and temporal resolution used to monitor changes in capillary perfusion. In this study, the authors hypothesized that LSI can be useful as a noncontact method of functional brain mapping during awake craniotomy for tumor removal. Such a modality would be an advance in this type of neurosurgery since current practice involves the application of invasive intraoperative single-point electrocortical (electrode) stimulation and measurements.
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Peripheral vasoconstriction influences thenar oxygen saturation as measured by near-infrared spectroscopy.
Intensive Care Med
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Near-infrared spectroscopy has been used as a noninvasive monitoring tool for tissue oxygen saturation (StO(2)) in acutely ill patients. This study aimed to investigate whether local vasoconstriction induced by body surface cooling significantly influences thenar StO(2) as measured by InSpectra model 650.
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Microvascular Perfusion as a Target for Fluid Resuscitation in Experimental Circulatory Shock.
Crit. Care Med.
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To study regional perfusion during experimental endotoxemic and obstructive shock and compare the effect of initial cardiac output-targeted fluid resuscitation with optimal cardiac output-targeted resuscitation on different peripheral tissues.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.