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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Luteal phase support with decapeptyl improves pregnancy outcomes in intracytoplasmic sperm injection with higher basal follicle-stimulating hormone or lower mature oocytes.
J Chin Med Assoc
PUBLISHED: 08-24-2014
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The role of midluteal phase gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist had been an issue of debate. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effect of a mid-luteal phase GnRH agonist as an additional luteal phase support (LPS) in patients receiving intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Additionally, we elucidate which subgroup would gain the most benefit from GnRH agonist as LPS.
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Calanquinone A induces anti-glioblastoma activity through glutathione-involved DNA damage and AMPK activation.
Eur. J. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 02-08-2014
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Glioblastoma, a highly malignant glioma, is resistant to both radiation and chemotherapy and is an intractable problem in clinical treatment. New therapeutic approaches are in urgent need. Calanquinone A, an herbal constituent, displayed anti-proliferative activity against glioblastoma cells, including A172, T98 and U87. Flow cytometric analysis showed an S phase arrest and a subsequent apoptosis to calanquinone A action. Further identification demonstrated a rapid increase of ?H2A.X formation at S phase. The data together with comet tail formation and Chk1 activation indicated DNA damage response. N-acetyl cysteine (an antioxidant and a glutathione precursor) and exogenously applied glutathione, but not trolox (an antioxidant), completely abolished calanquinone A-induced effects. Immunofluorescence assay revealed that calanquinone A decreased the intracellular glutathione levels in both A172 and T98 cells. However, calanquinone A, by itself, did not conjugate glutathione. The data suggested that the decrease of cellular glutathione predominantly contributed to the anticancer mechanism. Furthermore, calanquinone A induced the activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and the inhibition of p70S6K activity. Rhodamine efflux assay showed that calanquinone A did not block efflux activity, indicating that calanquinone A was not a P-glycoprotein substrate. In summary, the data suggest that calanquinone A displays anti-glioblastoma activity through a decrease of cellular glutathione levels that subsequently induces DNA damage stress and AMPK activation, leading to cell cycle arrest at S-phase and apoptotic cell death. Furthermore, calanquinone A does not serve as a P-glycoprotein substrate, suggesting a potential for further development in anti-glioblastoma therapy.
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FKBP12 regulates the localization and processing of amyloid precursor protein in human cell lines.
J. Biosci.
PUBLISHED: 02-07-2014
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One of the pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease is the presence of insoluble extracellular amyloid plaques. These plaques are mainly constituted of amyloid beta peptide (A beta), a proteolytic product of amyloid precursor protein (APP). APP processing also generates the APP intracellular domain (AICD). We have previously demonstrated that AICD interacts with FKBP12, a peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase (PPIase) ubiquitous in nerve systems. This interaction was interfered by FK506, a clinically used immunosuppressant that has recently been reported to be neuroprotective. To elucidate the roles of FKBP12 in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease, the effect of FKBP12 overexpression on APP processing was evaluated. Our results revealed that APP processing was shifted towards the amyloidogenic pathway, accompanied by a change in the subcellular localization of APP, upon FKBP12 overexpression. This FKBP12-overexpression-induced effect was reverted by FK506. These findings support our hypothesis that FKBP12 may participate in the regulation of APP processing. FKBP12 overexpression may lead to the stabilization of a certain isomer (presumably the cis form) of the Thr668-Pro669 peptide bond in AICD, therefore change its affinity to flotillin-1 or other raft-associated proteins, and eventually change the localization pattern and cause a shift in the proteolytic processing of APP.
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Costunolide induces apoptosis through nuclear calcium2+ overload and DNA damage response in human prostate cancer.
J. Urol.
PUBLISHED: 03-21-2011
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Costunolide is a natural sesquiterpene lactone. We elucidated what to our knowledge is a novel mechanism to highlight its potential in chemotherapy for prostate cancer, particularly androgen refractory prostate cancer.
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Paclitaxel induces apoptosis through activation of nuclear protein kinase C-? and subsequent activation of Golgi associated Cdk1 in human hormone refractory prostate cancer.
J. Urol.
PUBLISHED: 01-27-2011
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Emerging evidence shows that the translocation of apoptosis related factors on cellular organelles, such as mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus and nucleus, has a crucial role in the apoptotic process. We characterized the effect of paclitaxel (Sigma®) on Golgi involved apoptosis in human hormone refractory prostate cancer.
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Cryptocaryone, a natural dihydrochalcone, induces apoptosis in human androgen independent prostate cancer cells by death receptor clustering in lipid raft and nonraft compartments.
J. Urol.
PUBLISHED: 04-18-2010
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Androgen refractory prostate cancer is a major clinical challenge. Treatment approaches to prostate cancer are based on various mechanisms that cause malignant cell apoptosis. Of these strategies the anticancer effect of triggering death receptors is well substantiated.
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An improved screening model to identify inhibitors targeting zinc-enhanced amyloid aggregation.
Anal. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 07-23-2009
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Zinc, which is abundant in senile plaques consisting mainly of fibrillar beta-amyloid (Abeta), plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimers disease. Treatment with zinc chelators such as clioquinol has been used to prevent Abeta aggregation in Alzheimers patients; however, clioquinol produces severe side effects. A simple, easy, inexpensive, and versatile screen to identify zinc chelators for inhibition of Abeta aggregation is currently unavailable. We thus developed a high-throughput screen that identifies zinc chelators with anti-Abeta aggregation activity. The recombinant Abeta peptides, aggregated on solid-phase microplates, formed Abeta-immunopositive beta-sheet-containing structures in the presence of zinc. Formation of these Abeta fibrils was specifically blocked by metal ion chelators. This screening model improves identification of zinc-enhanced Abeta fibrils and anti-Abeta aggregation mediated by zinc chelating. The convenient system could qualitatively and quantitatively assay a large sample pool for Abeta aggregation inhibition and dissolution of Abeta aggregates. This screen is practical, reliable, and versatile for comprehensive detection of amyloid fibrillation and identification of inhibitors of Abeta aggregation.
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New possibility of traditional Chinese and Japanese medicine as treatment for behavioral and psychiatric symptoms in dementia.
Clin Interv Aging
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Yokukansan, one of the Kampo prescriptions, is composed of seven herbaceous plants and was developed in China in the 16th century as a cure for restlessness and agitation in children. Yokukansan has also become a popular drug combination in Japan, especially for the behavioral and psychiatric symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Recent studies have shown that yokukansan might also be quite effective against BPSD occurring in association with other types of dementia, such as Alzheimers disease, Lewy body disease, Parkinsons disease with dementia, frontotemporal dementia, and vascular dementia. Researchers have intensively investigated yokukansan, focusing on the pharmacological mechanisms against glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity. This traditional Chinese and Japanese medicine holds potential promise for improving BPSD in elderly patients suffering from dementia.
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Extensive hepatic infarction in severe preeclampsia as part of the HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets): evolution of CT findings and successful treatment with plasma exchange therapy.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol
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We describe the serial computed tomography (CT) findings of extensive hepatic infarction and successful plasma exchange therapy in a severe preeclamptic woman with postpartum HELLP syndrome.
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Discovery of N-arylalkyl-3-hydroxy-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-carboxamide derivatives as HCV NS5B polymerase inhibitors.
ChemMedChem
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The metal ion chelating ?-N-hydroxy-?-ketocarboxamide pharmacophore was integrated into a quinazolinone scaffold, leading to N-arylalkyl-3-hydroxy-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-carboxamide derivatives as hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS5B polymerase inhibitors. Lead optimization led to the identification of N-phenylpropyl carboxamide 9 k (IC(50) =8.8 ?M). Compound 9 k possesses selectivity toward HCV1b replicon Ava.5 cells (EC(50) =17.5 ?M) over parent Huh-7 cells (CC(50) =187.5 ?M). Compound 9 k effects a mixed mode of NS5B inhibition, with NTP-competitive displacement properties. The interaction between 9 k and NS5B is stabilized by the presence of magnesium ions. Docking studies showed that the binding orientation of 9 k occupies the central portions of both magnesium-mediated and NTP-ribose-response binding sites within the active site region of NS5B. As a result, 3-hydroxy-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-carboxamide derivatives are disclosed herein as novel, mainly active site inhibitors of HCV NS5B polymerase.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.