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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Thiopseudomonas denitrificans gen. nov. sp. nov., isolated from anaerobic activated sludge.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 10-19-2014
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A Gram-staining-negative, rod-shaped, motile and facultative anaerobic bacterial strain, designated X2T, was isolated from the sludge of an anaerobic denitrifying sulfide removal bioreactor, and sulfide is oxidized anaerobically with nitrate as electron acceptor. The strain grew at salinities of 0-3% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0-1 %). Growth occurred at pH 6.0-10.0 (optimum, pH 8.0) and 10-37°C (optimum, 30°C). The genomic DNA G+C content was 59 mol%. Q-8 and Q-9 were detected as the respiratory quinones. The major fatty acids (>10%) were C16:1?7c and/or C16:1?6c, C18:1?7c and C16:0. The polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and one unidentified phospholipid. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain X2T formed a novel clade within the family Pseudomonadaceae, with the highest sequence similarity was to Pseudomonas caeni KCTC 22292T (93.5%). On the basis of the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic characteristics, it is proposed that this strain represents novel genus and species within the family Pseudomonadaceae, of which the name Thiopseudomonas denitrificans gen. nov. sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is X2T (=CCTCC M 2013362T=DSMZ 28679T=KCTC 42076T).
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[Study on differentially expressed proteins of effect of kudiezi injection on cerebral cortexin rats with cerebral ischemic stroke and heat toxin syndrome].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-07-2014
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This study is to investigate the modulation of Kudiezi (KDZ) injection on differential protein expression in cerebral cortex of rats with cerebral ischemic stroke and heat toxin syndrome established by intraperitoneal injection of carrageenan and middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) methods. According to random number table rats were divided into three groups: drug group, model group and sham group. The tripheye tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining and HE staining were used to observe brain tissue injury of rats. After therapeutic intervention with above drug for seventy-two hours, the level of differential protein expression was analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). The results show that there are differential protein expressions between cerebral ischemic stroke and heat toxin syndrome rats and sham rats. Furthermore, as a Chinese medicine injection with effect of clearing heat, resolving toxin and dredging collaterals, KDZ injection can decrease alleviate morphological changes of cerebral ischemia, regulate the levels of some differential proteins expression.
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[Determination of chemical rank of three-dimensional fluorescence spectra using mathematical morphology method].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 10-02-2014
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The present paper firstly denoises the signal with morphological method, selecting sine-shaped structure element, using the morphological difference in waveform between the three-dimensional fluorescence and noise signal, then singular value decomposition is applied to the denoised data, and finally the chemical rank is determinated jointing eigenvalues and eigenvectors form singular value decomposition. This paper principally discusses the theory basis of morphological filtering method, firstly simulated data is analysed by morphological filtering method to confirm the necessity and effectiveness of proposed method, then the feasibility and practicability of the proposed method is verified by the determination of components number of phenols mixture three-dimensional fluorescence spectra compared with traditional Monte Carlo method. The experiments demonstrate that the proposed method is able to estimate the chemical rank correctly.
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Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of Toll-Like Receptor 7 in Hepatitis C Virus Infection Patients from a High-Risk Chinese Population.
Inflammation
PUBLISHED: 09-15-2014
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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection varies in the outcomes depending on both viral and host factors. This study aims to investigate the associations of three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7), rs179016, rs5743733, and rs1634323, with susceptibility to HCV infection and clearance. The three SNPs were genotyped in a high-risk Chinese population, including 444 HCV spontaneous clearance cases, 732 persistent infection cases, and 1107 healthy controls. The G allele of rs1634323 was related to the protection from persistent infection among females (dominant model: odds ratio (OR)?=?0.558, 95 % confidence interval (CI)?=?0.348-0.894, P?=?0.015). This protective effect was more evident in blood donation and HCV non-1 genotype-infected subgroups (all P?50 years), hemodialysis (HD), and HCV-1 and HCV non-1 genotypes-infected subjects (all P?
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[Analysis of three-dimensional fluorescence overlapping spectra using nonnegative matrix factorization].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 09-12-2014
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The present paper primarily tests and verifies the effect of NMF in blind source separation of three-dimensional simulative fluorescence spectra, and then four different computational algorithms (multiplicative iterative; alternating least square; second order method; projected gradient algorithm) were used in three practical phenolic compounds (cresol, phenol, thymol) overlapping fluorescence spectra to find out which nonnegatively constrained algorithms is the most efficient for fluorescence spectra unmixing. The experiments demonstrate that four ways have the normalized residuals below 0.06%, and alternating least square (ALS) is the best at both convergence behavior and robustness.
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Myeloid-Specific Blockade of Notch Signaling by RBP-J Knockout Attenuates Spinal Cord Injury Accompanied by Compromised Inflammation Response in Mice.
Mol. Neurobiol.
PUBLISHED: 08-19-2014
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The outcome of spinal cord injury (SCI) is determined by both neural cell-intrinsic survival pathways and tissue microenvironment-derived signals. Macrophages dominating the inflammatory responses in SCI possess both destructive and reparative potentials, according to their activation status. Notch signaling is involved in both cell survival and macrophage-mediated inflammation, but a comprehensive role of Notch signaling in SCI has been elusive. In this study, we compared the effects of general Notch blockade by a pharmaceutical ?-secretase inhibitor (GSI) and myeloid-specific Notch signal disruption by recombination signal binding protein J? (RBP-J) knockout on SCI. The administration of Notch signal inhibitor GSI resulted in worsened hind limb locomotion and exacerbated inflammation. However, mice lacking RBP-J, the critical transcription factor mediating signals from all four mammalian Notch receptors, in myeloid lineage displayed promoted functional recovery, attenuated glial scar formation, improved neuronal survival and axon regrowth, and mitigated inflammatory response after SCI. These benefits were accompanied by enhanced AKT activation in the lesion area after SCI. These findings demonstrate that abrogating Notch signal in myeloid cells ameliorates inflammation response post-SCI and promotes functional recovery, but general pharmaceutical Notch interception has opposite effects. Therefore, clinical intervention of Notch signaling in SCI needs to pinpoint myeloid lineage to avoid the counteractive effects of global inhibition.
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Circulating levels of miR-146a and IL-17 are significantly correlated with the clinical activity of Graves' ophthalmopathy.
Endocr. J.
PUBLISHED: 08-08-2014
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Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) is a common autoimmune disease that is difficult to deal with due to limited clinical evaluation methods. Recently miR-146a and Interleukin-17 (IL-17) have been found to be involved in autoimmune disorders and correlated with disease activity. However, it is unclear whether they are involved in Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation of circulating levels of miR-146a and IL-17 with clinical activity in GO patients. Fifty-seven study subjects were enrolled in four groups according to the corresponding criteria: active-GO, inactive-GO, Graves disease (GD) without ophthalmopathy, and healthy control group. The circulating levels of miR-146a and IL-17 were determined by qRT-PCR and ELISA, respectively. Serum IL-17 levels of GD, inactive-GO, and active-GO groups were all significantly higher than that of control (all P<0.001). Active-GO group had significantly higher IL-17 level than inactive-GO and GD groups (P=0.024 and P=0.001, respectively). Active-GO and inactive-GO group had significantly lower miR-146a expressions than control (P<0.05). Active-GO group had significantly lower miR-146a than inactive-GO group (P<0.05). Serum levels of IL-17 and miR-146a were both significantly correlated with CAS in GO patients (P<0.001, P<0.001, respectively). There was a significant negative correlation of circulating miR-146a expression with serum IL-17 levels (P<0.01). These findings indicated that circulating levels of miR-146a and IL-17 may be potential biomarkers of active GO, and may play a key role in the progression of GO.
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Toll-like receptor 7 variations are associated with the susceptibility to HCV infection among Chinese females.
Infect. Genet. Evol.
PUBLISHED: 08-07-2014
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Toll-like receptors 7 (TLR7) play a crucial role in provoking an immune response in HCV infection. We aimed to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of TLR7, including rs179009, rs179010 and rs179012, affect the outcomes of HCV infection among the Chinese population. A total of 1767 Chinese Han individuals were enrolled. The distribution of SNP frequencies among three groups with different outcomes of HCV infection was assessed, including healthy controls, cases with spontaneous clearance and cases with viral persistence. Then TLR7 mRNA expression and the production of IFN-? and IL-6 after TLR7 agonist Imiquimod stimulation in vitro were determined. Our results suggested that rs179009 GG genotype was significantly associated with a higher risk of the susceptibility to HCV infection among female subjects (OR=2.42, 95% CI=1.24-4.71, P=0.01). Haplotype GCG was significantly associated with a high risk for HCV susceptibility (OR=1.50, 95% CI=1.11-2.03, P=0.01) as compared with the reference haplotype ACG among females. In the functional research of rs179009, a lower IFN-? level was observed in GG genotype than in AA genotype (P=0.032). Our data indicate that TLR7 rs179009 GG genotype and haplotype GCG were associated with an increased risk of the susceptibility to HCV infection among Chinese females, which may be due to the impaired IFN-? response.
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Detection and Quantification of Chloramphenicol in Milk and Honey Using Molecularly Imprinted Polymers: Canadian Penny-Based SERS Nano-Biosensor.
J. Food Sci.
PUBLISHED: 07-22-2014
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We integrated molecularly imprinted polymers with surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (MIPs-SERS) to develop an innovative nano-biosensor for the determination of chloramphenicol (CAP) in milk and honey products. Template molecule (CAP), functional monomer (acrylamide), cross-linking agent (ethylene glycol dimethacrylate), initiator (2,2'-azobis(isobutyronitrile)), and porogen (methanol) were employed to form MIPs via "dummy" precipitation polymerization. Static and kinetic studies validated the specific selectivity of MIPs toward CAP over nonimprinted polymers (imprinting factor >4). Canadian penny-based silver nano-structure was synthesized as SERS-active substrate for determination of CAP in food matrices. Collected spectra were processed by principal component analysis to differentiate various concentrations of CAP in foods. Partial least squares regression models showed good prediction values (R > 0.9) of actual spiked contents (0, 0.1, 0.5, 1, 5 ppm) of CAP in milk and honey. This developed nano-biosensor is low cost, requires little sample pretreatment, and can provide reliable detection of trace level of chemical hazards in food systems within a total of 15 min.
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[Study on a new method of fast monitoring toxicity of Cd2+ by algal in water].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 06-21-2014
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Chlorophyll concentration and photosynthesis activity fluorescence parameters of Chlorella pyrenoidosa stressed by different concentrations of Cd2+ were measured based on algal growth inhibition tests and photosynthetic activity inhibition tests. The relationship between the algal photosynthetic activity inhibition rate and 96 h inhibition rate of specific growth rate at different Cd2+ stress times was studied by sigmoidal curve fitting and one-way ANOVA analysis. The result shows that S function relevance exists between the algal photosynthetic activity inhibition rates for 48 h, 53 h, 72 h, 77 h and 96 h respectively and 96 h inhibition rate of specific growth rate (R2 > 0.95). Consequently, EC10 (10% effective concentration) after 48 h and 53 h inhibition in photosynthetic activity inhibition tests could be used to represented EC50 (50% effective concentration) in 96 h algal growth inhibition tests for evaluating the Cd2+ toxicity. Dose-response relationships between the algal photosynthetic activity inhibition rates after 48 h and 53 h inhibition and Cd2+ toxic equivalency quantity were further analyzed. The method provided a rapid and viable new thought to monitoring single Cd2+ toxicity in lab and early warn integrated toxicity of pollution in water.
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Association analysis of common genetic variations in MUC5AC gene with the risk of non-cardia gastric cancer in a Chinese population.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 06-18-2014
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Several lines of evidence suggest that genetic variation in MUC5AC gene might contribute to the risk of gastric cancer. We conducted a case-control study to evaluate the relationship between common genetic variations in MUC5AC gene and non-cardia gastric cancer using an LD-based tagSNP approach in Baotou, north-western China. We genotyped 12 tagSNPs by TaqMan method among 288 cases with non-cardia gastric cancer and 281 normal controls. Unconditional logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for non-cardia gastric cancer risk in association with alleles, genotypes and haplotypes. We observed that the frequencies of rs3793964 C allele and rs11040869 A allele were significantly lower in cases than in controls. Meanwhile, minor allele homozygotes of rs3793964 and rs11040869 were significantly associated with a decreased risk of non-cardia gastric cancer when compared with their major allele homozygotes. Furthermore, a statistically significantly protective effect of rs885454 genotypes on non-cardia gastric cancer was also observed (for CT vs. CC: OR=0.581, 95%CI=0.408-0.829; for CT/TT vs. CC: OR=0.623, 95%CI=0.451-0.884). Our results indicated that some common genetic variations in the MUC5AC gene might have effects on the risk of non-cardia gastric cancer in our studied population.
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Primary bone lymphoma: A case report and review of the literature.
Oncol Lett
PUBLISHED: 06-12-2014
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Primary lymphoma of the bone (PLB) primarily arising from the medullary cavity is an extremely rare entity, with only retrospective studies and sporadic cases reported in the literature. The current study presents one case of PLB treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and a review of the literature to elucidate the optimal treatment of PLB. A 73-year-old female presented with pain in the left hip that had persisted for two months. Plain X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging of the left hip showed lytic areas involving the left innominatum. Technetium-99m radionuclide imaging showed increased tracer uptake in the ilium, acetabulum and ischium. An (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography-computed tomography (FDG-PET-CT) scan showed high FDG uptake. A fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the lesion was performed, and histopathological and immunohistochemical examination confirmed a diagnosis of B-cell lymphoma. The patient received radiation therapy followed by six cycles of CHOP regimen (1,000 mg cyclophosphamide, 80 mg epirubicine and 2 mg vincristine on day one, and 100 mg prednisone on days one to five, every three weeks) and achieved a complete response, as confirmed by FDG-PET-CT. At present, the patient is in a good condition. This case is noteworthy, as it is a well-documented case in which the patient received successful treatment. This case demonstrates that PLB has an improved prognosis compared with primary lymphoma of other sites; however, combined therapy may further improve the patient outcome.
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Icatibant in the treatment of Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-induced angioedema.
Case Rep Crit Care
PUBLISHED: 05-22-2014
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We describe the case of a 75-year-old woman who presented with massive tongue and lip swelling secondary to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-induced angioedema. An awake fibre-optic intubation was performed because of impending airway obstruction. As there was no improvement in symptoms after 72 hours, the selective bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist icatibant (Firazyr) was administered and the patient's trachea was successfully extubated 36 hours later. To our knowledge this is the first documented case of icatibant being used for the treatment of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-induced angioedema in the United Kingdom and represents a novel therapeutic option in its management.
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Nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 maintained by Hotair suppression of miR-568 upregulates S100 calcium binding protein A4 to promote breast cancer metastasis.
Breast Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 05-13-2014
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IntroductionThe onset of distal metastasis, which underlies the high mortality of breast cancers, warrants substantial studies to depict its molecular basis. Nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 (NFAT5) is upregulated in various malignancies and is critically involved in migration and invasion of neoplastic cells. Nevertheless, the metastasis-related events potentiated by this transcriptional factor and the mechanism responsible for NFAT5 elevation in carcinoma cells remain to be fully elucidated.MethodsThe correlation of NFAT5 with breast cancer invasiveness was investigated in vitro and clinically. The genes transcriptionally activated by NFAT5 were probed and their roles in breast cancer progression were dissected. The upstream regulators of NFAT5 were studied with particular attempt to explore the involvement of non-coding RNAs, and the mechanism underlying the maintenance of NFAT5 expression was deciphered.ResultsIn metastatic breast cancers, NFAT5 promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and invasion of cells by switching on the expression of the calcium binding protein S100A4, and facilitates the angiogenesis of breast epithelial cells and thus the development of metastases by transcriptionally activating vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C). NFAT5 is directly targeted by miR-568, which is in turn suppressed by the long non-coding RNA, Hotair, via a documented in trans gene silencing pattern, that is recruitment of the polycomb complex (Polycomb Repressive Complex 2; PRC2) and LSD1, and consequently methylation of histone H3K27 and demethylation of H3K4 on the miR-568 loci.ConclusionThis study unravels a detailed role of NFAT5 in mediating metastatic signaling, and provides broad insights into the involvement of Hotair, in particular, by transcriptionally regulating the expression of microRNA(s), in the metastasis of breast cancers.
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Urocortin-2 suppression of p38-MAPK signaling as an additional mechanism for ischemic cardioprotection.
Mol. Cell. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 05-07-2014
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Urocortin-2 (UCN2) is cardioprotective in ischemia/reperfusion injury (I/R) through short-lived activation of ERK1/2. Key factors involved in I/R, e.g. apoptosis, mitochondrial damage, p38 kinase, and Bcl-2 family, have not been well-investigated in UCN2-induced cardioprotection. We assessed the role of p38-MAPK in anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 signaling and mitochondrial stabilization as a putative mechanisms in UCN2-induced cardioprotection. Isolated hearts from adult Sprague-Dawley rats and cultured H9c2 cells were subjected to I/R protocols with or without 10 nM UCN2 treatment. The effect of a specific p38 inhibitor SB202190 was tested in H9c2 cells. Cardiac function, LDH release, and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were used to assess the degree of myocardial injury in hearts and H9c2 cells. Post-perfusion, hearts were collected for Western blot analyses or mitochondria/cytosol isolation to analyze p38 activation and Bcl-2 family members. UCN2 treatment improved rate-pressure product (58 ± 5 vs. 31 ± 4 % of Baseline; P < 0.05) and decreased LDH release (20 ± 9 vs. 90 ± 40 mU/ml LDH, P < 0.01) at the end of 60 min reperfusion. UCN2 reduced phospho-p38 levels and Bax activation. UCN2 increased the expression of Bcl-2 and inhibited the accumulation of p-Bim. With additional experiments, it was confirmed that UCN2 increases the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 in the early phase of UCN2 treatment and increases the overshot recovery of ERK1/2 phosphorylation during reperfusion. UCN2 and SB202190 partially prevented the loss of MMP induced by I/R. However, combined treatment with UCN2 and SB202190 did not provide additive benefit. UCN2 is cardioprotective in I/R in association with reduced phosphorylation of p38 together with the increased ERK1/2 activation and increased Bcl-2 family member pro-survival signaling. These changes may stabilize cardiac mitochondria, similar to p38 inhibitors, as part of a pro-survival mechanism during I/R.
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[Neuropad test for sudomotor function to predict the risk of diabetic foot ulceration].
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 04-23-2014
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To assess the predictive value of Neuropad test on occurrence of diabetic foot ulceration (DFU) among type 2 diabetic patients.
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Association between LGALS2 3279C>T and coronary artery disease: A case-control study and a meta-analysis.
Biomed Rep
PUBLISHED: 04-22-2014
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Coronary artery disease (CAD) has become the main cause of mortality worldwide. Lectin galactoside-binding soluble-2 (LGALS2) is involved in the cytokine lymphotoxin-? (LTA) cascade that may influence the progress of CAD. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between the LGALS2 3279C>T (rs7291467) polymorphism and CAD. A total of 562 cases and 572 controls were recruited to examine the association. A systematic meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the contribution of LGALS2 3279C>T polymorphism to the risk of CAD among 12,093 cases and 11,020 controls. There was no significant association found in the present case-control study. However, the meta-analysis showed that LGALS2 3279C>T played a protective role in CAD [P=0.008, odds ratio (OR), 0.90; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.82-0.97] and particularly in the Asian population (P=0.006; OR, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.71-0.94). The present case-control study did not find a significant association between LGALS2 3279C>T and CAD in the Eastern Han Chinese population. However, the meta-analysis indicated that LGALS2 3279C>T played a protective role in CAD, suggesting an ethnic difference in the association of the locus with CAD.
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[Value of plasma growth differentiation factor-15 in diagnosis and evaluation of type 2 diabetic nephropathy].
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 03-28-2014
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To detect the plasma level of growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) in patients of type 2 diabetic nepropathy and assess its value in diagnosis and evaluation of type 2 diabetic nepropathy.
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Quick biochemical markers for assessment of quality control of intraoperative cell salvage: a prospective observational study.
J Cardiothorac Surg
PUBLISHED: 03-19-2014
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Intraoperative Cell Salvage (ICS), hereby referred to 'mechanical red cell salvage', has been widely used in adult elective major surgeries to reduce requirement for homologous red blood cell transfusion and its associated complications. However, amount of free haemoglobin (fHb) from ICS has been shown related to incidence of renal failure. fHb is the most important indicator of quality control of cell salvaged blood, thus monitoring the fHb concentration is imperative to minimise renal injury. However, currently there has been lacking quick biochemical markers to monitor the levels of fHb during ICS. The aim of this study was to screen quick biochemical markers for evaluating the amount of fHb during use of intraoperative cell salvage.
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Resolvin D1 stimulates alveolar fluid clearance through alveolar epithelial sodium channel, Na,K-ATPase via ALX/cAMP/PI3K pathway in lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury.
J. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 03-19-2014
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Resolvin D1 (7S,8R,17S-trihydroxy-4Z,9E,11E,13Z,15E,19Z-docosahexaenoic acid) (RvD1), generated from ?-3 fatty docosahexaenoic acids, is believed to exert anti-inflammatory properties including inhibition of neutrophil activation and regulating inflammatory cytokines. In this study, we sought to investigate the effect of RvD1 in modulating alveolar fluid clearance (AFC) on LPS-induced acute lung injury. In vivo, RvD1 was injected i.v. (5 ?g/kg) 8 h after LPS (20 mg/kg) administration, which markedly stimulated AFC in LPS-induced lung injury, with the outcome of decreased pulmonary edema. In addition, rat lung tissue protein was isolated after intervention and we found RvD1 improved epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) ?, ?, Na,K-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) ?1, ?1 subunit protein expression and Na,K-ATPase activity. In primary rat alveolar type II epithelial cells stimulated with LPS, RvD1 not only upregulated ENaC ?, ? and Na,K-ATPase ?1 subunits protein expression, but also increased Na+ currents and Na,K-ATPase activity. Finally, protein kinase A and cGMP were not responsible for RvD1's function because a protein kinase A inhibitor (H89) and cGMP inhibitor (Rp-cGMP) did not reduce RvD1's effects. However, the RvD1 receptor (formyl-peptide receptor type 2 [FPR2], also called ALX [the lipoxin A4 receptor]) inhibitor (BOC-2), cAMP inhibitor (Rp-cAMP), and PI3K inhibitor (LY294002) not only blocked RvD1's effects on the expression of ENaC ? in vitro, but also inhibited the AFC in vivo. In summary, RvD1 stimulates AFC through a mechanism partly dependent on alveolar epithelial ENaC and Na,K-ATPase activation via the ALX/cAMP/PI3K signaling pathway.
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Cutaneous metastasis from pancreatic cancer: A case report and systematic review of the literature.
Oncol Lett
PUBLISHED: 03-12-2014
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Cutaneous metastasis from pancreatic cancer is uncommon, therefore, the outcome of this progression has rarely been investigated. The aim of the present report was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients exhibiting cutaneous metastasis from pancreatic cancer. Thus, the current report presents a rare case of cutaneous metastatic disease from pancreatic cancer and describes a systematic review of the literature. A total of 54 articles comprising 63 cases were included for analysis. The relevant clinical and pathological characteristics, as well as the treatment strategies and survival outcomes of this rare disease presentation were reviewed. The average patient was was aged 63.9 years and males constituted a marginally greater proportion of the cohort (61.9%). The predominant manifestation of the cutaneous metastasis was a nodule or mass (73%) and the most common site of the skin lesion was non-umbilicus rather than umbilicus. The majority (66.7%) of the skin lesions were singular, particularly in patients exhibiting Sister Mary Joseph's nodule (90%). A wide range of histological subtypes presented, with a predominance of adenocarcinoma (84.1%). Of the cases that specified the tumor differentiation grade, 78.2% were moderately or poorly differentiated. Immunohistochemistry revealed that cytokeratin (CK)20-negative, and CK7-, CK19- and carbohydrate antigen (CA)19-9-positive were specific diagnostic markers for pancreatic cancer. Distal metastases, excluding the skin, were observed in 68.3% of patients and the median survival period was 5 months. Treatment strategies including surgery, radiation, chemotherapy or a combination improved survival time from 3.0 to 8.3 months. Cutaneous metastasis from pancreatic cancer is a rare finding, often providing the only external indication of an internal malignancy and, therefore, should be considered in the differential diagnosis of skin lesions. Metastasis to the skin indicates a widespread, general dissemination and a poor prognosis. A combination of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy appears to result in improved survival rates.
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Function characterization of a glyco-engineered anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody cetuximab in vitro.
Acta Pharmacol. Sin.
PUBLISHED: 03-12-2014
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To evaluate the biochemical features and activities of a glyco-engineered form of the anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibody (EGFR mAb) cetuximab in vitro.
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Identification alpha-2-HS-glycoprotein precursor and tubulin beta chain as serology diagnosis biomarker of colorectal cancer.
Diagn Pathol
PUBLISHED: 03-05-2014
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Colorectal cancer (CRC) remains a major worldwide cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality largely due to the insidious onset of the disease. The current clinical procedures utilized for disease diagnosis are invasive, unpleasant, and inconvenient. Hence, the need for simple blood tests that could be used for the early detection is crucial for its ultimate control and prevention.
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The use of hairpin DNA duplexes as HIV-1 fusion inhibitors: synthesis, characterization, and activity evaluation.
Eur J Med Chem
PUBLISHED: 02-17-2014
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Discovery of new drugs for the treatment of AIDS that possess unique structures associated with novel mechanisms of action are of great importance due the rapidity with which drug-resistant HIV-1 strains evolve. Recently we reported on a novel class of DNA duplex-based HIV-1 fusion inhibitors modified with hydrophobic groups. The present study describes a new category of hairpin fusion inhibitor DNA duplexes bearing a 3 nucleotide loop located at either the hydrophobic or hydrophilic end. The new loop structures were designed to link 2 separate duplex-forming oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) to make helix-assembly easier and more thermally stable resulting in a more compact form of DNA duplex based HIV-1 fusion inhibitors. A series of new hairpin duplexes were tested for anti-HIV-1 cell-cell membrane fusion activity. In addition, Tm, CD, fluorescent resonance energy transfer assays, and molecular modeling analyses were carried out to define their structural activity relationships and possible mechanisms of action.
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The impact of airway management on quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation: an observational study in patients during cardiac arrest.
Resuscitation
PUBLISHED: 02-07-2014
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Minimising interruptions in chest compressions is associated with improved survival from cardiac arrest. Current in-hospital guidelines recommend continuous chest compressions after the airway is secured on the premise that this will reduce no flow time. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of advanced airway use on the no flow ratio and other measures of CPR quality.
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A broadly applicable NHC-Cu-catalyzed approach for efficient, site-, and enantioselective coupling of readily accessible (pinacolato)alkenylboron compounds to allylic phosphates and applications to natural product synthesis.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
PUBLISHED: 01-28-2014
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A set of protocols for catalytic enantioselective allylic substitution (EAS) reactions that allow for additions of alkenyl units to readily accessible allylic electrophiles is disclosed. Transformations afford 1,4-dienes that contain a tertiary carbon stereogenic site and are promoted by 1.0-5.0 mol % of a copper complex of an N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC). Aryl- as well as alkyl-substituted electrophiles bearing a di- or trisubstituted alkene may be employed. Reactions can involve a variety of robust alkenyl-(pinacolatoboron) [alkenyl-B(pin)] compounds that can be either purchased or prepared by various efficient, site-, and/or stereoselective catalytic reactions, such as cross-metathesis or proto-boryl additions to terminal alkynes. Vinyl-, E-, or Z-disubstituted alkenyl-, 1,1-disubstituted alkenyl-, acyclic, or heterocyclic trisubstituted alkenyl groups may be added in up to >98% yield, >98:2 SN2':SN2, and 99:1 enantiomeric ratio (er). NHC-Cu-catalyzed EAS with alkenyl-B(pin) reagents containing a conjugated carboxylic ester or aldehyde group proceed to provide the desired 1,4-diene products in good yield and with high enantioselectivity despite the presence of a sensitive stereogenic tertiary carbon center that could be considered prone to epimerization. In most instances, the alternative approach of utilizing an alkenylmetal reagent (e.g., an Al-based species) represents an incompatible option. The utility of the approach is illustrated through applications to enantioselective synthesis of natural products such as santolina alcohol, semburin, nyasol, heliespirone A, and heliannuol E.
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Exendin-4 alleviates high glucose-induced rat mesangial cell dysfunction through the AMPK pathway.
Cell. Physiol. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 01-13-2014
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Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), which counteracts insulin resistance in humans with type 2 diabetes, has been shown to ameliorate diabetic nephropathy in experimental models. However, the mechanisms through which GLP-1 modulates renal function remained illdefined. The present study investigated the putative mechanisms underlying effects of exendin-4, a GLP-1 analog, on mesangial cell proliferation and fibronectin.
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Anti-depressive mechanism of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in rat: the role of the endocannabinoid system.
J Psychiatr Res
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2014
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Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to treat depression has been thoroughly investigated in recent years. However, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. In this study, a chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) paradigm was applied to male Sprague Dawley rats. Then rTMS was performed for 7 consecutive days, and the anti-depressive effects were evaluated by the sucrose preference test (SPT), the forced swimming test (FST), and the open-field test (OFT). Hippocampal cannabinoid type I receptor (CB1) expression was measured, and the expression levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), Bcl-2, and Bax and the number of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU)-positive cells were also investigated. These parameters were also observed after the selective CB1 receptor antagonist AM251 was used as a blocking agent. The results showed that CUMS induced a significant decrease in sucrose preference, a significant increase in immobility time in the FST, and a significantly decreased horizontal distance in the OFT. In addition, reduced hippocampal CB1 receptor, BDNF, and Bcl-2/Bax protein expression levels in CUMS rats, as well as decreased cell proliferation were also observed in the dentate gyrus. Meanwhile, rTMS treatment up-regulated cell proliferation; elevated CB1 receptor, BDNF, and Bcl-2/Bax expression levels in the hippocampus; and ameliorated depressive-like behaviors. All of these beneficial effects were abolished by AM251. These results indicate that rTMS increases BDNF production and hippocampal cell proliferation to protect against CUMS-induced changes through its effect on CB1 receptors.
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The beta agonist lung injury trial prevention. A randomized controlled trial.
Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med.
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2014
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Experimental studies suggest that pretreatment with ?-agonists might prevent acute lung injury (ALI).
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A randomised control trial of prompt and feedback devices and their impact on quality of chest compressions--a simulation study.
Resuscitation
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2014
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This study aims to compare the effect of three CPR prompt and feedback devices on quality of chest compressions amongst healthcare providers.
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Rosmarinic acid ameliorates PTSD-like symptoms in a rat model and promotes cell proliferation in the hippocampus.
Prog. Neuropsychopharmacol. Biol. Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 01-03-2014
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Rosmarinic acid (RA) is an important component of Chinese herbal medicine treatments and has been demonstrated to exert therapeutic effects in mood disorders. The present study was designed to assess the effects of RA on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-like symptoms, hippocampal cell proliferation and phosphorylation extracellular regulated protein kinases (pERK1/2) expression. We found that administration of RA (10mg/kg) alleviated PTSD-like symptoms in rats exposed to an enhanced single prolonged stress (ESPS) paradigm and restored hippocampal proliferation and pERK1/2 expression. Interestingly, the effects of RA were inhibited by the blockage of the ERK signaling. These data support the use of RA for treating PTSD and indicate that the ERK1/2 signaling cascade may play a critical role in the therapeutic efficacy of RA in treating such conditions.
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The intracellular HBV DNAs as novel and sensitive biomarkers for the clinical diagnosis of occult HBV infection in HBeAg negative hepatocellular carcinoma in China.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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This study aimed to investigate the virological status in liver (both tumor and adjacent non-tumor tissue), the clinical features and the contribution of occult HBV infection (OBI) to postoperative prognosis in HBeAg-negative(-) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients in China. Using quantitative TaqMan fluorescent real-time PCR assays, HBV covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) and total DNA (tDNA) were both quantified in 11 (HBsAg(-)) and 57 (HBsAg-positive(+)) pairs of tumor tissue (TT) and adjacent non-tumor tissue (ANTT) obtained from HBeAg(-) HCC patients who received no antiviral treatment and were negative for anti-HCV before surgical treatment. Of 11 HBsAg(-) patients, 36% were with HBsAb(+) HBeAb(+) HBcAb(+). However, only 9% of the HBsAg(-) patients were HBsAb(-) HBeAb(+) HBcAb(+), which accounted for the majority (93%) in the HBsAg(+) group. TT and ANTT HBV tDNAs in 11 HCC patients with HBsAg (-) and HBeAg (-) were all detectable. HBV cccDNA and tDNA were all lower in the HBsAg(-) group than those in the HBsAg(+) group. By Kaplan-Meier analysis, patients with OBI were associated with a lower risk of cirrhosis and better overall survival (OS). The intracellular HBV DNAs, such as HBV cccDNA and tDNA are valuable biological markers for the diagnosis of occult HBV infection in HCC patients. This would assist the clinical implementation of a more personalized therapy for viral re-activation control and improve the survival rate of OBI patients.
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Mechanics and composition of middle cerebral arteries from simulated microgravity rats with and without 1-h/d -Gx gravitation.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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To elucidate further from the biomechanical aspect whether microgravity-induced cerebral vascular mal-adaptation might be a contributing factor to postflight orthostatic intolerance and the underlying mechanism accounting for the potential effectiveness of intermittent artificial gravity (IAG) in preventing this adverse effect.
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Decreased core-fucosylation contributes to malignancy in gastric cancer.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The object of the study is to identify N-glycan profiling changes associated with gastric cancer and explore the impact of core-fucosylation on biological behaviors of human gastric cancer cells. A total of 244 subjects including gastric cancer, gastric ulcer and healthy control were recruited. N-glycan profiling from serum and total proteins in gastric tissues was analyzed by DNA sequencer-assisted fluorophore-assisted capillary electrophoresis. The abundance of total core-fucosylated residues and the expression of enzymes involved in core-fucosylation were analyzed with lectin blot, quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, western blot, Immunohistochemical staining and lectin-histochemical staining. The recombinant plasmids of GDP-fucose transporter and ?-1,6-fucosyltransferase (Fut8) were constructed and transfected into gastric cancer cell lines BGC-823 and SGC-7901. CCK-8 and wound healing assay were used to assess the functional impact of core-fucosylation modulation on cell proliferation and migration. Characteristic serum N-glycan profiles were found in gastric cancer. Compared with the healthy control, a trianntenary structure abundance, peak 9 (NA3Fb), was increased significantly in gastric cancer, while the total abundance of core-fucosylated residues (sumfuc) was decreased. Core-fucosylated structures, peak6(NA2F) and peak7(NA2FB) were deceased in gastric tumor tissues when compared with that in adjacent non-tumor tissues. Consistently, lens culinaris agglutinin (LCA)-binding proteins were decreased significantly in sera of gastric cancer, and protein level of Fut8 was decreased significantly in gastric tumor tissues compared with that in adjacent non-tumor tissues. Upregulation of GDP-Tr and Fut8 could inhibit proliferation, but had no significant influence on migration of BGC-823 and SGC-7901 cells. Core-fucosylation is down regulated in gastric cancer. Upregulation of core-fucosylation could inhibit proliferation of the human gastric cancer cells.
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[The method of phytoplankton photosynthesis activity in-situ measurement based on light induced fluorescence].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 12-28-2013
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According to the phytoplankton fluorescence induction characteristics under different light conditions, chlorophyll fluorescence as a probe for analysis of phytoplankton photosynthesis was studied. The present paper proposed a in-situ measurement method based on the chlorophyll fluorescence values Ft and Fm to get phytoplankton photosynthesis activity, Chlorella vulgaris, microcystis aeruginosa and Cyclotella meneghiniana Kiits were selected as experimental subjects, a comparison test was done between self-developed in-situ measurement system and Water PAM in lab, and the results showed that coefficients between the two methods were 0.9778, 0.8786 and 0.7953. This work provides a rapid and in-situ measurement method for phytoplankton photosynthesis activity.
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A community-based multilevel intervention for smoking, physical activity and diet: short-term findings from the Community Interventions for Health programme in Hangzhou, China.
J Epidemiol Community Health
PUBLISHED: 12-02-2013
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To assess the short-term impact of a comprehensive, community-based multilevel intervention on knowledge, beliefs and practices with respect to smoking, physical activity and diet in Hangzhou, China.
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Determination of ?-tocopherol in vegetable oils using a molecularly imprinted polymers-surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopic biosensor.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
PUBLISHED: 10-22-2013
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We report the development of a novel hybrid "capture-detection" molecularly imprinted polymers-surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopic (MIPs-SERS) biosensor for the detection and quantification of ?-tocopherol (?-Toc) in vegetable oils. ?-Toc served as the template for MIPs synthesis. Methacrylic acid formed as the functional monomer. Ethylene glycol dimethacrylate was the cross-linking agent, and 2,2-azobisisobutyronitrile was used as the initiator. The synthesized MIPs functioned to rapidly and selectively adsorb and separate ?-Toc from oil components. We validated a dendritic silver nanostructure synthesized by a displacement reaction to be a suitable SERS substrate for the enhancement of Raman signals. Second-derivative transformations and chemometric models based upon SERS spectral features confirmed the possibility of a rapid and precise detection and quantification of different spiking levels of ?-Toc in four different sources of vegetable oils (Mahalanobis distance from 15.93 to 34.01 for PCA model; R > 0.92, RMSE < 0.41 for PLSR model). The MIPs-SERS biosensor had a high sensitivity as well as a good recovery for ?-Toc analysis in vegetable oils. The entire analysis required 15 min or less to complete with limited sample preparation.
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[Assessment on the short-term impact regarding the community-based interventions to improve physical activities in three urban areas of Hangzhou city].
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-16-2013
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To evaluate the short-term impact of comprehensive communitybased intervention on physical activity (PA) of adults living in the three urban communities of Hangzhou city.
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Synthesis of 3H-pyrrolo[2,3-c]quinolin-4(5H)-ones via Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction and cyclization.
Org. Biomol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 09-18-2013
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Biologically active 3H-pyrrolo[2,3-c]quinolin-4(5H)-ones have been synthesized in an efficient and concise manner utilizing readily available 4-hydroxyquinolin-2(1H)-ones as the starting material. The key strategy relies on the construction of the pyrrole ring through the palladium catalyzed sequential cross-coupling reaction and cyclization process.
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Adaptive responses by mouse fetus to a maternal HLE diet by downregulating SREBP1: a microarray- and bio-analytic-based study.
J. Lipid Res.
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2013
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Maternal diet has long been recognized as a significant factor affecting offspring development and health, but the target genes affected by a maternal high-lipid diet are currently unknown. In this study, the gene expression profile of neonatal mouse liver was analyzed using gene chips to identify genes with significant up- or downregulated expression levels due to maternal high-fat diet during gestation. Real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to measure key genes selected using microarray. Serum lipid, glucose, and insulin levels in adult offspring from dams fed with chow or a high-lipid diet were measured using commercial kits. Results indicate that the expression of genes involved in cholesterol and fatty acid synthesis were significantly inhibited, while the expression of genes involved in glycolysis were significantly decreased by maternal high-lipid diet during gestation. SREBP1 might be the key gene regulating genes involved in fatty acid, glucose, and cholesterol metabolism in response to a maternal high-fat diet.
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[Changes in knowledge and behavior related to tobacco consumption among urban population before and after the enforcement of the Smoke Control Ordinance in Public Places of Hangzhou in 2010].
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-14-2013
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To examine the changes in tobacco related knowledge, smoking habit and the amount if environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) among urban population before and after the enforcement of the Smoke Control Ordinance in Public Places of Hangzhou in March 2010.
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[Studies on toxicity of four kinds of heavy metals in water by synchronous-scan fluorescence].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 08-03-2013
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Spectrofluorometry of chlorella pyrenoidosa was studied by three dimensional excitation-emission (3DEEM) fluorescence spectroscopy and synchronous scan fluorescence spectroscopy with Delta gamma = 20 nm in the stress of Hg+, Cd2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+. The conclusion from two kinds of Spectrofluorometry was the same: after 96h stress by heavy metals, the maximum fluorescence values reduced obviously, chlorophyll-a and chlorophyll-b in the photosynthetic system were seriously damaged by heavy metal. Further analysis of the correlations between heavy metal concentration and fluorescence quenching efficiency I0/I can conclude that the toxicity of heavy metal and the fluorescence quenching efficiency I0/I were positively correlated, and they all increased with the heavy metal concentration and stress time. For one kind of heavy metals, synchronous scan fluorometry is a sensitive method for its toxicity assessment. Compared to 3DEEM fluorescence spectroscopy, synchronous scan fluorescence spectroscopy is less time consuming and of higher selectivity. It is suitable to assess the toxicity of pollutions in water.
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[Type 2 diabetes with multiple splenic abscesses: a case report].
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 07-31-2013
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In patients with diabetes, glucose fluctuations, insulin resistance, poor circulation, and likely immune damage can easily lead to infections. Splenic abscess is rare in diabetic patients and is associated with a high mortality rate. Type 2 diabetes causes increased risks of splenic abscess, and timely and effective treatment can lower the mortality rate. We report here a case of type 2 diabetes complicated by multiple splenic abscesses.
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[Effect of electroacupuncture on expression of myocardial PI 3 K, HIF-1alpha and VEGF in rats with cerebral-cardiac syndrome].
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu
PUBLISHED: 07-04-2013
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To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the expression of myocardial 1-phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3 K), hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in rats with cerebral-cardiac syndrome (CCS), so as to reveal its mechanism underlying reducing ischemic myocardial injury.
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Clinical review: Statins and trauma - a systematic review.
Crit Care
PUBLISHED: 05-29-2013
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Statins, in addition to their lipid-lowering properties, have anti-inflammatory actions. The aim of this review is to evaluate the effect of pre-injury statin use, and statin treatment following injury. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL databases were searched to January 2012 for randomised and observational studies of statins in trauma patients in general, and in patients who have suffered traumatic brain injury, burns, and fractures. Of 985 identified citations, 7 (4 observational studies and 3 randomised controlled trials (RCTs)) met the inclusion criteria. Two studies (both observational) were concerned with trauma patients in general, two with patients who had suffered traumatic brain injury (one observational, one RCT), two with burns patients (one observational, one RCT), and one with fracture healing (RCT). Two of the RCTs relied on surrogate outcome measures. The observational studies were deemed to be at high risk of confounding, and the RCTs at high risk of bias. Three of the observational studies suggested improvements in a number of clinical outcomes in patients taking statins prior to injury (mortality, infection, and septic shock in burns patients; mortality in trauma patients in general; mortality in brain injured patients) whereas one, also of trauma patients in general, showed no difference in mortality or infection, and an increased risk of multi-organ failure. Two of three RCTs on statin treatment in burns patients and brain injured patients showed improvements in E-selectin levels and cognitive function. The third, of patients with radial fractures, showed no acceleration in fracture union. In conclusion, there is some evidence that pre-injury statin use and post-injury statin treatment may have a beneficial effect in patients who have suffered general trauma, traumatic brain injury, and burns. However, these studies are at high risk of confounding and bias, and should be regarded as hypothesisgenerating. A well-designed RCT is required to determine the therapeutic efficacy in improving outcomes in this patient population.
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Diamond decorated with copper nanoparticles for electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide.
Anal. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 05-29-2013
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Electrochemical CO2 reduction has been investigated on a planar diamond electrode in aqueous and nonaqueous solutions. On a diamond electrode decorated with copper nanoparticles, CO2 reduction starts from -0.1 V versus a normal hydrogen electrode (NHE) when a mixture of water and ionic liquid ([H2O] = 10 ?M) is used. The current density reaches 5.1 ± 0.1 mA cm(-2) for CO2 reduction at a potential of -1.3 V versus NHE. The main products are formic acid and formaldehyde. Moreover, the electrode system is stable and has a long lifetime. It is thus promising to be applied in the future for mass production of industrial chemicals and liquid fuels using CO2 as the source of raw material.
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[Differences in seed kernel quality and related enzyme activities of different quality type peanut cultivars].
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 05-28-2013
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Abstract: Taking high-protein peanut cultivar KB008, high-fat peanut cultivar Hual7 (H17), and high-oleic acid/linoleic acid (O/L) peanut cultivar Nongda818 as test materials, a field experiment was conducted in 2010 and 2011 to study the differences in the contents of protein, fat, and their components of the seed kernels, and the differences in the activities of the carbon and nitrogen metabolism enzymes related to the quality synthesis in the blades. As compared with that of H17 and Nongda818, the seed kernel of KB008 had significantly higher protein content but significantly lower soluble sugar content and O/L ratio, and the contents of the amino acid components, especially glutamic acid and lysine, in the seed kernel of KB008 were significantly higher. During the whole growth period, the activities of nitrate reductase (NR) , glutamine. synthetase (GS), glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH), glutamate synthase (GOGAT), and glutamate pyruvate transaminase (GPT) in the blades of the three cultivars were in the order of KB008>H17> Nongda818. At pod setting stage, the activities of PEPCase and RuBPCase in the blades of the three cultivars were ranked as KB008>H17> Nongda818. The higher PEPCase and RuBPCase activities of KB008 facilitated the protein synthesis and accumulation. The sucrose synthase (SS) activity in the blades was in the order of H17 > Nongda818 >KB008. The sucrose phosphate synthase (SPS) activity of KB008 s blades was significantly lower than that of the other two cultivars, while the SPS activity of H17 s blades was still higher even in the 60 days after anthesis, suggesting that the higher activities of SS and SPS in the blades were in favor of the fat formation in peanut seed kernel.
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Estimating Chemical Exchange between Atmospheric Deposition and Forest Canopy in Guizhou, China.
J. Environ. Qual.
PUBLISHED: 05-16-2013
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To evaluate the effects of atmospheric deposition on forest ecosystems, wet-only precipitation and throughfall samples were collected in two forest types (Masson pine [ Lamb.] forests and mixed conifer and broadleaf forests) in the Longli forest in the Guizhou province of southwestern China for a period of 21 successive months from April 2007 to December 2008. The pH and chemical components of precipitation and throughfall were analyzed. In addition, the canopy budget model was applied to distinguish between in-canopy and atmospheric sources of chemical compounds. Canopy leaching and total potentially acidifying deposition fluxes were calculated. The results showed that the average pH and the concentration of ions in throughfall were higher than those in precipitation, with the exception of the NH concentration. Dry deposition of S and N accumulated more in Masson pine forests than in mixed conifer and broadleaf forests. Canopy leaching was the most significant source of base cations in forest throughfall, which was higher in the mixed forests than in the coniferous forests. Anions in throughfall deposition in Masson pine forests exceeded those in the mixed forests. Higher total potentially acidifying deposition fluxes reflected the more effective amounts of acid delivered to Masson pine forests compared with mixed conifer and broadleaf forests. In addition, acid deposition induced the leaching and loss of nutrient ions such as Mg, K, and Ca. Although the trees of the studied areas have not shown any symptoms of cation loss, a potentially harmful influence was engendered by atmospheric deposition in the two forest types in the Longli area.
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[Exterior-interior correlation of "heart" and body surface based on researches of classic literature and modern animal experiments].
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu
PUBLISHED: 05-09-2013
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Exterior-interior relationship of meridians and zangfu organs is an important component of the theory of acupuncturology in Chinese medicine. According to the descriptions in classic works of Chinese medicine and findings of modern experimental researches, in the present paper, the authors analyzed the close association between the "Heart" and "Small Intestine", exterior-interior correlation between the Heart Meridian and Small Intestine Meridian, and between the "Heart" and body surface (acupoints), limbs, five sensory organs, etc. In addition, the authors also summarized the underlying mechanisms of the above-mentioned exterior-interior relationship of the "Heart" and put forward some proposals for the future researches.
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The effects of phytosterol supplementation on serum LDL-C levels and learning ability in mice fed a high-fat, high-energy diet from gestation onward.
Int J Food Sci Nutr
PUBLISHED: 04-22-2013
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A high-fat, high-energy (HFE) diet may be deleterious to the cardiovascular system and mental health. We previously reported that serum cholesterol levels and escape latency were significantly increased in mice by feeding them an HFE diet from gestation onward. In this study, we examined whether an HFE diet supplemented with phytosterols fed to pregnant C57BL/6j dams and their offspring would protect the HFE-diet-induced compromise of the offsprings learning capability. We measured serum cholesterol levels, brain N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR1) mRNA and protein expression and liver sterol 27-hydroxylase (Cyp27a1) mRNA expression, as well as a Morris water maze performance. The results showed that, compared to mice consuming the HFE diet alone, those also consuming phytosterols (the HFE?+?PS diet) significantly decreased mean serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and altered brain NMDAR1 mRNA and protein expression and liver Cyp27a1 mRNA expression. The Morris water maze experiments indicated that dietary phytosterol supplementation slightly decreased the escape latency (p?=?0.07). Collectively, these observations suggest that consumption of phytosterols from early in life may help alleviate the detrimental effects of HFE diets in mice.
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[Analysis of three-dimensional fluorescence overlapping spectra using differential spectra and independent component analysis].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 04-17-2013
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The analysis of multi-component three-dimensional fluorescence overlapping spectra is always very difficult. In view of the advantage of differential spectra and based on the calculation principle of two-dimensional differential spectra, the three-dimensional fluorescence spectra with both excitation and emission spectra is fully utilized. Firstly, the excitation differential spectra and emission differential spectra are respectively computed after unfolding the three-dimensional fluorescence spectra. Then the excitation differential spectra and emission differential spectra of the single component are obtained by analyzing the multicomponent differential spectra using independent component analysis. In this process, the use of cubic spline increases the data points of excitation spectra, and the roughness penalty smoothing reduces the noise of emission spectra which is beneficial for the computation of differential spectra. The similarity indices between the standard spectra and recovered spectra show that independent component analysis based on differential spectra is more suitable for the component recognition of three-dimensional fluorescence overlapping spectra.
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Association Between Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in miRNA196a-2 and miRNA146a and Susceptibility to Hepatocellular Carcinoma in a Chinese Population.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2013
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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most prevalent cancers in the world and deeply threatens peoples health, especially in China. Techniques of early diagnosis, prevention and prediction are still being discovered, among which the approaches based on single nucleotide polymorphisms in microRNA genes (miRNA SNPs) are newly proposed and show prospective potential. In particular, the association between SNPs in miRNA196a-2 (rs11614913) and miRNA146a (rs2910164) and HCC has been investigated. However, the conclusions made were conflicting, possibly due to insufficient sample size or population stratification. Further confirmations in well-designed large samples are still required. In this study, we verified the association between these two SNPs and the susceptibility to HCC by MassARRAY assay in a 2,000 large Chinese case-control sample. Significant association between rs11614913 and HCC was confirmed. Subjects with the genotype of CT+TT or T allele in rs11614913 were more resistant to HCC (CT+TT: OR (95% CI)=0.73 (0.57-0.92), P=0.01; T allele: OR (95% CI)=0.85 (0.75-0.97), P=0.02) and HBV-related HCC (CT+TT: OR (95% CI)=0.69 (0.53-0.90), P=0.01; T allele: OR (95% CI)=0.82 (0.71-0.95), P=0.01). The affected carriers of CT or TT also tended to have lower levels of serum AFP (P=0.01). This study demonstrated a role of rs11614913 in the etiology of HCC. Further research should focus on the clinical use of this miRNA SNP, so as to facilitate conquering HCC.
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Hepatoprotective effect of Amomum xanthoides against dimethylnitrosamine-induced sub-chronic liver injury in a rat model.
Pharm Biol
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2013
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Amomum xanthioides Wall. ex Baker (Zingiberaceae) is a tropical medicinal plant that is commonly utilized in the treatment of digestive system disorders in Asia for a long time.
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Contribution of CFTR to alveolar fluid clearance by lipoxin A4 via PI3K/Akt pathway in LPS-induced acute lung injury.
Mediators Inflamm.
PUBLISHED: 04-07-2013
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The lipoxins are the first proresolution mediators to be recognized and described as the endogenous "braking signals" for inflammation. We evaluated the anti-inflammatory and proresolution bioactions of lipoxin A4 in our lipopolysaccharide (LPS-)induced lung injury model. We demonstrated that lipoxin A4 significantly improved histology of rat lungs and inhibited IL-6 and TNF- ? in LPS-induced lung injury. In addition, lipoxin A4 increased alveolar fluid clearance (AFC) and the effect of lipoxin A4 on AFC was abolished by CFTRinh-172 (a specific inhibitor of CFTR). Moreover, lipoxin A4 could increase cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein expression in vitro and in vivo. In rat primary alveolar type II (ATII) cells, LPS decreased CFTR protein expression via activation of PI3K/Akt, and lipoxin A4 suppressed LPS-stimulated phosphorylation of Akt. These results showed that lipoxin A4 enhanced CFTR protein expression and increased AFC via PI3K/Akt pathway. Thus, lipoxin A4 may provide a potential therapeutic approach for acute lung injury.
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Novel biphasic role of resolvin D1 on expression of cyclooxygenase-2 in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated lung fibroblasts is partly through PI3K/AKT and ERK2 pathways.
Mediators Inflamm.
PUBLISHED: 04-01-2013
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Fibroblasts, far from being merely bystander cells, are known to play a specific role in inflammation resolution after an acute injury. As the endogenous "braking signal," resolvins possess potent anti-inflammatory and pro-resolution actions. We demonstrated that the expression of COX-2 protein was significantly peaked initially at 6 hours but then also at 48 hours after LPS stimulation in lung fibroblasts. PGE2 levels also peaked at 6 hours, and PGD2 levels were increased and peaked at 48 hours. However, no significant change in the protein expression of COX-1 was observed after treatment with LPS in lung fibroblasts. Exogenous resolvin D1 inhibited the first peak of COX-2 expression as well as the production of PGE2 induced by LPS. In contrast, exogenous resolvin D1 increased the second peak of COX-2 expression as well as the production of PGD2 induced by LPS. In addition, resolvin D1 inhibited COX-2 expression at 6 hours, which was partly through PI3K/AKT and ERK2 signalling pathways.
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Identification of tubulin beta chain, thymosin beta-4-like protein 3, and cytochrome b-c? complex subunit 1 as serological diagnostic biomarkers of gastric cancer.
Clin. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 03-31-2013
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Despite major advances in its diagnosis and treatment, gastric cancer (GC) remains a major life-threatening disease. Treatment of the disease is further aggravated by the lack of diagnostic biomarkers that can aid in the early detection of GC and promote its favorable prognosis. The present work aims to identify novel diagnostic biomarkers for GC.
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Tubulin beta chain, filamin A alpha isoform 1, and cytochrome b-c1 complex subunit 1 as serological diagnostic biomarkers of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: a proteomics study.
OMICS
PUBLISHED: 03-15-2013
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Despite the major advances in diagnosis and treatment, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains a major life-threatening disease. Early diagnosis is critical for guiding the therapeutic management of ESCC. This case-control study focused on the proteomic analysis of serum of healthy volunteers and ESCC patients using the ClinProt profiling technology based on mass spectrometry. A total of 80 healthy volunteers and 119 ESCC patients were enrolled. We identified a pattern of proteins/peptides (including m/z 1867, 2700, and 2094) and differentiated ESCC patients from healthy volunteers with sensitivity and specificity close to 100%. Using mass spectrometry (LTQ orbitrap XL), tubulin beta chain, filamin A alpha isoform 1, and cytochrome b-c1 complex subunit 1 were identified as the three differentially expressed proteins/peptides in the patient serum. These three dysregulated proteins/peptides could be involved in the pathogenesis of ESCC and may serve as putative serological diagnostic biomarkers of ESCC. We suggest that further proteomics and multi-omics research are warranted to identify novel post-genomics diagnostics that can in the future pave the way for personalized medicine for patients with ESCC, a cancer for which we currently lack an integrated battery of diagnostics in the field of oncology.
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Lipoxin A(4) activates alveolar epithelial sodium channel, Na,K-ATPase, and increases alveolar fluid clearance.
Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 03-09-2013
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Edema fluid resorption is critical for gas exchange, and both alveolar epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) and Na,K-ATPase are accredited with key roles in the resolution of pulmonary edema. Alveolar fluid clearance (AFC) was measured in in situ ventilated lungs by instilling isosmolar 5% BSA solution with Evans Blue-labeled albumin tracer (5 ml/kg) and measuring the change in Evans Blue-labeled albumin concentration over time. Treatment with lipoxin A4 and lipoxin receptor agonist (5(S), 6(R)-7-trihydroxymethyl 17 heptanoate) significantly stimulated AFC in oleic acid (OA)-induced lung injury, with the outcome of decreased pulmonary edema. Lipoxin A4 and 5(S), 6(R)-7-trihydroxymethyl 17 heptanoate not only up-regulated the ENaC ? and ENaC ? subunits protein expression, but also increased Na,K-ATPase ?1 subunit protein expression and Na,K-ATPase activity in lung tissues. There was no significant difference of intracellular cAMP level between the lipoxin A4 treatment and OA group. However, the intracellular cGMP level was significantly decreased after lipoxin A4 treatment. The beneficial effects of lipoxin A4 were abrogated by butoxycarbonyl-Phe-Leu-Phe-Leu-Ph (lipoxin A4 receptor antagonist) in OA-induced lung injury. In primary rat alveolar type II epithelial cells stimulated with LPS, lipoxin A4 increased ENaC ? and ENaC ? subunits protein expression and Na,K-ATPase activity. Lipoxin A4 stimulated AFC through activation of alveolar epithelial ENaC and Na,K-ATPase.
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Bile salts enhance the intestinal absorption of lipophilic drug loaded lipid nanocarriers: mechanism and effect in rats.
Int J Pharm
PUBLISHED: 03-08-2013
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The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effect and possible mechanism of bile salts on the intestinal absorption of lipophilic drug loaded lipid nanocarriers in rats. Effects of sodium cholate (SC) on the characteristics, intestinal absorption, cellular uptake in Caco-2 cell monolayers and intestinal lymphatic transport of candesartan cilexetil loaded lipid nanocarriers (CLN) were investigated to clarify the possible mechanism. The intestinal absorption of candesartan from CLN was evidently improved over 16-fold compared with free drug suspension, and further significantly enhanced 1.79-fold after the addition of SC. The cellular uptake of CLN in Caco-2 cell monolayers at 37?C and its colocalization with endoplasmic reticulum were obviously increased in the presence of SC. Moreover, the intestinal lymphatic transport of CLN was obviously enhanced by SC. These results implicated that bile salts could improve the cellular uptake of CLN in Caco-2 cell monolayers via the active processes and promote the intestinal absorption of CLN through the intestinal lymphatic pathway. Therefore, bile salts could be an important physiological factor affecting the intestinal absorption of lipophilic drugs loaded lipid nanocarriers.
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[Integration and "Overview" analysis of QTLs related to plant height in soybean].
Yi Chuan
PUBLISHED: 03-02-2013
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Plant height, one of the most important factors for plant architectures, is closely related with some important traits such as plant density, lodging resistance and yields.. In the present study, 201 QTLs related to plant height of soybean from database and references were analyzed. The results revealed that 15 consensus QTLs located on chromosomes 6, 7, 11, 13, and 18 were identified after physical integrations and Meta analysis using the software BioMercator 2.1. Moreover, "Overview" method was used to optimize these QTLs based on statistic analysis. Some of the valid QTL regions were narrowed down to the 0.1 cM and mapped on certain chromosomes. Furthermore, the functions of all genes located in these confidence regions were predicted and 17 candidate genes that might be related to plant height were identified. These results would lay a foundation for fine mapping of QTLs related to plant height and marker-assisted breeding in soybean.
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Salidroside attenuates myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury via PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.
J Asian Nat Prod Res
PUBLISHED: 02-18-2013
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To investigate the cardioprotective effects of salidroside on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in rabbits and the underlying action mechanisms in PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, a rabbit ischemia/reperfusion model was created by ligating the left anterior descending coronary arterial branch for 30 min and by releasing the ligature to allow reperfusion for 120 min. Salidroside or salidroside+PI3K inhibitor (LY294002) was administered via intracoronary injections at the onset of reperfusion. Apoptosis of cardiomyocytes was assessed by terminal dUTP nick-end labeling assay, and the expression of apoptosis-related proteins was observed by immunohistochemistry. The expressions of total Akt and phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) were detected by western blot analysis. The results showed that intracoronary injection of salidroside at the onset of reperfusion markedly reduced the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes, significantly increasing Bcl-2 and p-Akt proteins expressions and decreasing Bax and caspase-3 expressions in the hearts subjected to ischemia followed by 120-min reperfusion. However, the anti-apoptotic effect induced by salidroside was inhibited by LY294002, which blocked the activation of Akt. These results suggested that intracoronary administration of salidroside at the onset of reperfusion could significantly reduce the IRI-induced apoptosis of cardiomyocytes, and this protective mechanism seemed to be mediated by the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway.
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Electroacupuncture improves thermal and mechanical sensitivities in a rat model of postherpetic neuralgia.
Mol Pain
PUBLISHED: 02-07-2013
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Electroacupuncture (EA) is effective in relieving pain in patients with postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). However, the mechanism underlying the therapeutic effect of EA in PHN is still unclear. Systemic injection of resiniferatoxin (RTX), an ultrapotent analog of TRPV1 agonist, in adult rats can reproduce the clinical symptoms of PHN by ablating TRPV1-expressing sensory neurons. In this study, we determined the beneficial effect of EA and the potential mechanisms in this rat model of PHN.
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Anesthetic isoflurane posttreatment attenuates experimental lung injury by inhibiting inflammation and apoptosis.
Mediators Inflamm.
PUBLISHED: 01-31-2013
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We investigated the effect of 1.4% isoflurane (ISO) on the development of inflammation and apoptosis caused by zymosan (ZY) in mice. We found that ZY-challenged mice exhibited significant body weight loss, markedly high mortality, and significant lung injury characterized by the deterioration of histopathology, histologic scores, and wet-to-dry ratio after ISO treatment. ISO dramatically attenuated ZY-induced lung neutrophil recruitment and inflammation, as evidenced by the reduced levels of total cells, neutrophils, and proinflammatory cytokines (i.e., tumor necrosis factor- ? , interleukin- (IL-) 1 ? , IL-6, and macrophage inflammatory protein-2) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and of their mRNA expression in lung tissues. ISO also inhibited ZY-induced expression and activation of nuclear factor-kappaB p65 and inducible nitric oxide synthase in pulmonary tissue. ZY administration also resulted in the upregulation of heme oxygenase-1 expression and activity in the lung, which was further enhanced by ISO treatment. Moreover, ISO markedly prevented ZY-induced pulmonary cell apoptosis in mice, as reflected by the decrease in expression of procaspase-8, procaspase-3, cleaved caspase-8, and cleaved caspase-3, as well as in caspase-3 activity and Bcl-2-associated X/B-cell lymphoma 2 ratio. These results indicate that ISO is a potential therapeutic drug for treating ZY-induced lung injury, and further investigations are warranted.
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Elevated serum uric acid levels are independent risk factors for diabetic foot ulcer in female Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes (2).
J Diabetes
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2013
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To investigate the relationship between elevated serum uric acid levels and the presence of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D).
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Salidroside protects against hydrogen peroxide-induced injury in HUVECs via the regulation of REDD1 and mTOR activation.
Mol Med Rep
PUBLISHED: 01-13-2013
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Antioxidative therapy is considered an effective strategy for treating oxidative stress-induced apoptosis in cardiovascular diseases. Salidroside has been used as an antioxidative therapy for oxidative injury in cardiac diseases. However, the mechanism underlying its antioxidant effect is poorly understood. The present study aimed to investigate the pharmacological effects of salidroside on cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) under conditions of oxidative injury induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and the underlying mechanisms in vitro. HUVECs pretreated with or without salidroside for 24 h were exposed to H2O2-induced oxidative stress conditions for 6 h and then cell viability, apoptosis, HIF-1?, regulated in development and DNA damage responses-1 (REDD1) and the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway were investigated. The results demonstrated that salidroside effectively attenuated H2O2-impaired cell viability and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in a concentration-dependent manner. Reduced H2O2-induced apoptosis and activation of the cellular PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway were demonstrated in HUVECs pretreated with salidroside. Furthermore, the level of REDD1, a direct regulator of mitochondrial metabolism, significantly increased in parallel with the level of HIF-1? following pretreatment with salidroside. The antioxidative effect of salidroside was abrogated in REDD1 knockdown cells. However, LY294002, a PI3K inhibitor, attenuated the anti-apoptotic effect of salidroside and blocked the increase of Akt and mTOR; however, did not affect the antioxidative effect of salidroside. These findings suggested that salidroside was capable of protecting HUVECs against H2O2-induced apoptosis by activating the PI3K/Akt/mTOR-dependent pathway and inhibiting ROS production by activating REDD1.
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Effects of Metformin on CD133+ Colorectal Cancer Cells in Diabetic Patients.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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In diabetic patients complicated with colorectal cancer (CRC), metformin treatment was reported to have diverse correlation with CRC-specific mortality. In laboratory studies, metformin was reported to affect the survival of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in breast and pancreatic cancers and glioblastoma. Although cscs play a critical role in the resistance to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) chemotherapy in CRC patients, the effect of metformin on cscs in CRC patients and the synergistic effect of metformin in combination with 5-FU on cscs are not reported. In the present study pathological examinations were performed in 86 CRC patients complicated with type 2 DM who had been divided into a metformin group and a non-metformin group. Comparisons regarding pathological type, incidence of metastasis, expression of CD133 and ?-catenin were conducted between the two groups. We explored the synergistic effects of metformin in combination with 5-FU on the proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis and the proportion of CD133+ cscs of SW620 human colorectal cancer cell lines. The results show that metformin treatment had reverse correlations with the proportion of patients with poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, the proportion of CD133+ cscs in CRC patients with type 2 DM. Metformin enhanced the antiproliferative effects of 5-FU on CD133+ cscs in SW620 cells. These findings provide an important complement to previous study. Inhibition of the proliferation of CD133+ cscs may be a potential mechanism responsible for the association of metformin use with improved CRC outcomes in CRC patients with type 2 diabetes.
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Small interfering RNA survivin and GRIM-19 co-expression salmonella plasmid inhibited the growth of laryngeal cancer cells in vitro and in vivo.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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To investigate the inhibitory effect of plasmid-based survivin-specific short hairpin RNA and GRIM-19 on the growth of Hep-2 laryngeal cancer cells.
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Hemangiopericytoma of the adult male breast.
Saudi Med J
PUBLISHED: 11-08-2011
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Hemangiopericytoma (HPC) is a rare tumor originated from the vascular pericytes, and it is uncommon in the breast. Only 2 cases of HPC in the male breast have been reported in the literature. This report presents a case of a 24-year-old man with a mass in his right breast. Under local anesthesia, the tumor was excised and diagnosed as `malignant tumor of the breast, perhaps originated from the vessel tissues` based on pathological examination. Finally, a modified radical mastectomy and an axilla fossa sampling were performed, and 4 lymph nodes showed symptoms of reactive hyperplasia. We followed the patient without any treatment and no local recurrence or metastasis has been observed. We also review the literature and discuss the characteristics, immuno-phenotype, and prognosis of HPC. The accurate diagnosis of HPC depends on the appropriate histological and immunohistochemical examination.
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A self-assembled nanodelivery system enhances the oral bioavailability of daidzein: in vitro characteristics and in vivo performance.
Nanomedicine (Lond)
PUBLISHED: 10-27-2011
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A self-assembled nano-based delivery system was designed and developed to increase the oral bioavailability of poor hydrophilic and lipophilic daidzein.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.