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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Development and testing of a past year measure of sedentary behavior: the SIT-Q.
BMC Public Health
PUBLISHED: 09-01-2014
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Most sedentary behavior measures focus on occupational or leisure-time sitting. Our aim was to develop a comprehensive measure of adult sedentary behavior and establish its measurement properties.
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The Sedentary Time and Activity Reporting Questionnaire (STAR-Q): reliability and validity against doubly labeled water and 7-day activity diaries.
Am. J. Epidemiol.
PUBLISHED: 07-19-2014
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We determined measurement properties of the Sedentary Time and Activity Reporting Questionnaire (STAR-Q), which was designed to estimate past-month activity energy expenditure (AEE). STAR-Q validity and reliability were assessed in 102 adults in Alberta, Canada (2009-2011), who completed 14-day doubly labeled water (DLW) protocols, 7-day activity diaries on day 15, and the STAR-Q on day 14 and again at 3 and 6 months. Three-month reliability was substantial for total energy expenditure (TEE) and AEE (intraclass correlation coefficients of 0.84 and 0.73, respectively), while 6-month reliability was moderate. STAR-Q-derived TEE and AEE were moderately correlated with DLW estimates (Spearman's ?s of 0.53 and 0.40, respectively; P < 0.001), and on average, the STAR-Q overestimated TEE and AEE (median differences were 367 kcal/day and 293 kcal/day, respectively). Body mass index-, age-, sex-, and season-adjusted concordance correlation coefficients (CCCs) were 0.24 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.07, 0.36) and 0.21 (95% CI: 0.11, 0.32) for STAR-Q-derived versus DLW-derived TEE and AEE, respectively. Agreement between the diaries and STAR-Q (metabolic equivalent-hours/day) was strongest for occupational sedentary time (adjusted CCC = 0.76, 95% CI: 0.64, 0.85) and overall strenuous activity (adjusted CCC = 0.64, 95% CI: 0.49, 0.76). The STAR-Q demonstrated substantial validity for estimating occupational sedentary time and strenuous activity and fair validity for ranking individuals by AEE.
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Does metformin modify the effect on glycaemic control of aerobic exercise, resistance exercise or both?
Diabetologia
PUBLISHED: 04-25-2013
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Some previous studies suggested that metformin might attenuate the effects of exercise on glycaemia or fitness. We therefore examined whether metformin use influenced changes in glycaemic control, fitness, body weight or waist circumference resulting from aerobic and/or resistance training in people with type 2 diabetes participating in an exercise intervention trial.
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Age and androgen-deprivation therapy on exercise outcomes in men with prostate cancer.
Support Care Cancer
PUBLISHED: 04-12-2011
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The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of age (? 65 years or >65 years) and androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT, presence or absence) as factors that may predict changes in body composition and fitness following a 24-week exercise program in prostate cancer patients.
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Effect of exercise training on physical fitness in type II diabetes mellitus.
Med Sci Sports Exerc
PUBLISHED: 07-20-2010
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Few studies have compared changes in cardiorespiratory fitness between aerobic training only or in combination with resistance training. In addition, no study to date has compared strength gains between resistance training and combined exercise training in type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
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A pragmatic study exploring the prevention of delirium among hospitalized older hip fracture patients: Applying evidence to routine clinical practice using clinical decision support.
Implement Sci
PUBLISHED: 04-20-2010
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Delirium occurs in up to 65% of older hip fracture patients. Developing delirium in hospital has been associated with a variety of adverse outcomes. Trials have shown that multi-component preventive interventions can lower delirium rates. The objective of this study was to implement and evaluate the effectiveness of an evidence-based electronic care pathway, which incorporates multi-component delirium strategies, among older hip fracture patients. We conducted a pragmatic study using an interrupted time series design in order to evaluate the use and impact of the intervention. The target population was all consenting patients aged 65 years or older admitted with an acute hip fracture to the orthopedic units at two Calgary, Alberta hospitals. The primary outcome was delirium rates. Secondary outcomes included length of hospital stay, in-hospital falls, in-hospital mortality, new discharges to long-term care, and readmissions. A Durbin Watson test was conducted to test for serial correlation and, because no correlation was found, Chi-square statistics, Wilcoxon test and logistic regression analyses were conducted as appropriate. At study completion, focus groups were conducted at each hospital to explore issues around the use of the order set. During the 40-week study period, 134 patients were enrolled. The intervention had no effect on the overall delirium rate (33% pre versus 31% post; p = 0.84). However, there was a significant interaction between study phase and hospital (p = 0.03). Although one hospital did not experience a decline in delirium rate, the delirium rate at the other hospital declined from 42% to 19% (p = 0.08). This difference by hospital was mirrored in focus group feedback. The hospital that experienced a decline in delirium rates was more supportive of the intervention. Overall, post-intervention there were no significant differences in mean length of stay (12 days post versus 14 days pre; p = 0.74), falls (6% post versus 10% pre; p = 0.43) or discharges to long-term care (6% post versus 13% pre; p = 0.20). Translation of evidence-based multi-component delirium prevention strategies into everyday clinical care, using the electronic medical record, was not found to be effective at decreasing delirium rates among hip facture patients.
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Resistance exercise but not aerobic exercise lowers remnant-like lipoprotein particle cholesterol in type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial.
Atherosclerosis
PUBLISHED: 04-12-2010
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The comparative effects of aerobic and resistance exercise on triglyceride-rich lipoproteins including remnant lipoproteins are controversial. This study examined exercise effect on remnant-like lipoprotein particle cholesterol (RLP-C) in type 2 diabetes. Participants were randomized to control (Control), aerobic (Aerobic), resistance (Resistance), or both (Combined) exercise groups. Baseline and 6-month fasting RLP-C and apolipoprotein B48 concentrations were measured. Data analysis was on an intention-to-treat basis. At 6 months, RLP-C was lower in all groups; ?RLP-C mg/dl, (95% confidence interval), Control -3.91, (-6.21 to -1.6), p=0.001; Aerobic -3.89, (-6.41 to -1.36), p=0.003, Resistance -7.52, (-9.89 to -5.15), p=0.0001, Combined -7.50, (-9.87 to -5.13), p=0.0001. Total triglycerides were significantly lower in Resistance and Combined groups only; -17.7mg/dl (-32.8 to -2.7), p=0.02 and -27.5 (-42.5 to -11.5), p=0.001, respectively. Inter-group comparisons showed no difference in RLP-C change between Aerobic and Control and a significant difference in RLP-C change only where groups incorporating resistance exercise were compared with those without. There was no significant difference in RLP-C change between Resistance and Combined. Inter-group comparisons of total triglycerides change were significant only between Combined and Control. Changes in apolipoprotein B48 were not significant in inter-group comparisons. In conclusion, our data indicate that resistance exercise training, not aerobic, lowers RLP-C in type 2 diabetes. This effect was not revealed by changes in total triglycerides and apolipoprotein B48. The discordance between changes in RLP-C and apolipoprotein B48 in response to resistance exercise may indicate (a) a decrease in VLDL remnant and not chylomicron remnant particle number and/or (b) a depletion of cholesterol in chylomicron and/or VLDL remnants.
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Resistance versus aerobic exercise: acute effects on glycemia in type 1 diabetes.
Diabetes Care
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In type 1 diabetes, small studies have found that resistance exercise (weight lifting) reduces HbA(1c). In the current study, we examined the acute impacts of resistance exercise on glycemia during exercise and in the subsequent 24 h compared with aerobic exercise and no exercise.
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Trauma center volume and quality improvement programs.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg
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Growing evidence suggests that for many treatments, a relationship exists between provider volume and patient outcomes. This relationship is less clear in injury management. We sought to evaluate whether a relationship exists between trauma center volume and the nature of quality improvement (QI) programs.
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Effects of performing resistance exercise before versus after aerobic exercise on glycemia in type 1 diabetes.
Diabetes Care
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To determine the effects of exercise order on acute glycemic responses in individuals with type 1 diabetes performing both aerobic and resistance exercise in the same session.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.