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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and bronchiolitis severity in Spanish infants.
Eur. J. Pediatr.
PUBLISHED: 09-02-2014
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This cross-sectional study was performed to examine the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in infants with acute bronchiolitis compared with control subjects and to evaluate the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH) D) and the severity of bronchiolitis. Serum 25(OH) D levels were measured by radioimmunoassay in 48 infants with acute bronchiolitis (2.5?±?2.0 months) and in 30 healthy infants (3.2?±?2.3 months). 25(OH) D levels (ng/ml) in children with acute bronchiolitis were significantly lower than in the control group (median 29.9 ng/ml (interquartile range (IQR) 21.4-37.5) versus median 38.2 ng/ml ((IQR 26.1-48.1), p?=?0.022), mainly in infants with moderate-severe bronchiolitis (median 29.8 ng/ml, IQR 19.2-35.9). The prevalence of hypovitaminosis D was remarkably greater among infants with bronchiolitis than in control subjects (52.1 versus 26.6 %). A significant inverse correlation was found between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and disease severity (rho?=?-0.457, p?
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Neuro-immune interactions in the postnatal ventricular-subventricular zone.
J Stem Cells
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2014
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As described in this book, the interaction between the immune system and the brain can affect multiple cerebral functions, such as: neural remodeling, synaptic plasticity or neurotransmitter releasing. Neurogenic niches are not the exception, in fact, pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines exert a strong regulation in neural stem cells (NSCs) of the ventricular-subventricular zone (V-SVZ) by interacting with cell membrane receptors and activating multiple downstream pathways. These neuro-immune interactions modulate quiescence, cell adhesion, migration, self-renewal, differentiation, cytoskeletal rearrangement, and cell survival. In this chapter, we describe the cellular composition and cytoarchitecture of the main neurogenic niche in the adult mammalian brain: the V-SVZ. We also discuss the current evidence indicating that many immunological molecules can control the function of this neurogenic niche in the adult brain under both physiological and pathological conditions.
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The course of personality pathology.
Curr Opin Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2014
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Durability has traditionally been considered to be a defining feature of personality disorders, but recent studies have challenged this notion. We review the most recent findings on the stability and course of personality pathology.
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Segmental analysis of congenital heart disease: putting the "puzzle" together with computed tomography.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging
PUBLISHED: 05-05-2014
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Advances in surgical and medical treatment for congenital heart disease have resulted in greater life expectancy. As a result, there has been an increase in the utilization of cross-sectional imaging for diagnosis and management of complex congenital heart disease. This manuscript describes a morphological and sequential segmental approach to deciphering the code of complex congenital heart defects in cross-sectional imaging, mostly computed tomography. This manuscript will review approaches to differentiate types of transposition, the anatomic relationships of cardiac structures, and the application of these relationships in the description of complex congenital heart disease.
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The role of hormones on Toxoplasma gondii infection: a systematic review.
Front Microbiol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Toxoplasma gondii is the causal agent of toxoplasmosis in which one third of the world's population has been infected. In pregnant women, it may cause abortion and severe damage to the fetal central nervous system. During pregnancy, the prevalence of toxoplasmosis increases throughout the second and third quarter of gestation, simultaneously progesterone and 17?-estradiol also increase. Thus, it has been suggested that these hormones can aggravate or reduce parasite reproduction. The aim of this study was reviewing the relationship between hormones and infection caused by T. gondii in several experimental animal models and humans, focused mainly on: (a) congenital transmission, (b) parasite reproduction, (c) strain virulence, (d) levels of hormone in host induced by T. gondii infection, and (e) participation of hormone receptors in T. gondii infection. Are the hormones specific modulators of T. gondii infection? A systematic review methodology was used to consult several databases (Pub Med, Lilacs, Medline, Science direct, Scielo, Ebsco, Sprinker, Wiley, and Google Scholar) dated from September, 2013 to March, 2014.
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Diagnostic agreement between the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+ (PDQ-4+) and its Clinical Significance Scale.
Psicothema
PUBLISHED: 10-16-2013
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The Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+ (PDQ-4+) is composed of a self-report and an interview, the Clinical Significance Scale, but no studies have reported joint findings. This study is the first to examine the diagnostic agreement between the Spanish version of the PDQ-4+ self-report and its corresponding interview.
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Primary pericardial tumors.
Radiographics
PUBLISHED: 10-11-2013
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Primary pericardial tumors are rare and may be classified as benign or malignant. The most common benign lesions are pericardial cysts and lipomas. Mesothelioma is the most common primary malignant pericardial neoplasm. Other malignant tumors include a wide variety of sarcomas, lymphoma, and primitive neuroectodermal tumor. When present, signs and symptoms are generally nonspecific. Patients often present with dyspnea, chest pain, palpitations, fever, or weight loss. Although the imaging approach usually begins with plain radiography of the chest or transthoracic echocardiography, the value of these imaging modalities is limited. Cross-sectional imaging, on the other hand, plays a key role in the evaluation of these lesions. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging allow further characterization and may, in some cases, provide diagnostic findings. Furthermore, the importance of cross-sectional imaging lies in assessing the exact location of the tumor in relation to neighboring structures. Both benign and malignant tumors may result in compression of vital mediastinal structures. Malignant lesions may also directly invade structures, such as the myocardium and great vessels, and result in metastatic disease. Imaging plays an important role in the detection, characterization, and staging of pericardial tumors; in their treatment planning; and in the posttreatment follow-up of affected patients. The prognosis of patients with benign tumors is good, even in the few cases in which surgical intervention is required. On the other hand, the length of survival for patients with malignant pericardial tumors is, in the majority of cases, dismal.
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Hostility and childhood sexual abuse as predictors of suicidal behaviour in Borderline Personality Disorder.
Psychiatry Res
PUBLISHED: 07-05-2013
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Impulsivity is a multidimensional construct and has been previously associated with suicidal behaviour in borderline personality disorder (BPD). This study examined the associations between suicidal behaviour and impulsivity-related personality traits, as well as history of childhood sexual abuse, in 76 patients diagnosed with BPD using both the Structured Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders III (DSM-III) Axis-II diagnoses and the self-personality questionnaire. Impulsivity-related traits were measured using the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11), the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory (BDHI) and the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R). We found that hostility and childhood sexual abuse, but not impulsivity or other temperament traits, significantly predicted the presence, number and severity of previous suicide attempts. Hostility traits and childhood sexual abuse showed an impact on suicide attempts in BPD. Our results support previous findings indicating that high levels of hostility and having suffered sexual abuse during childhood lead to an increased risk for suicidal behaviour in BPD.
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Levofloxacin-Induced Delirium in a Patient Suffering from Schizoaffective Disorder and Multiple Sclerosis.
Curr Drug Saf
PUBLISHED: 05-24-2013
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Levofloxacin induced psychiatric adverse effects are rare, although they can be serious. There are just five cases of fluoroquinolone-induced delirium published in the medical literature. To our best knowledge, none of them occurred in psychotic patients. We report a case of a 38-year-old Caucasian man diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder and multiple sclerosis who developed delirium and visual hallucinations after initiating levofloxacin therapy. In psychiatric patients, suspecting levofloxacin could be responsible for the symptoms can be a diagnostic challenge, since they could be interpreted like worsening of the mental state as well. Although levofloxacin-induced delirium is a rare adverse event, physicians should be aware of the occurrence of this serious, but potentially reversible CNS complication of levofloxacin, even in psychotic patients.
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A hierarchical model of normal and abnormal personality up to seven factors.
Compr Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 04-10-2013
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Despite general support for dimensional models of personality disorder, it is currently unclear which, and how many, dimensions a taxonomy of this kind should include. In an attempt to obtain an empirically-based, comprehensive, and usable structure of personality, three instruments - The Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R), the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+(PDQ-4+), and the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology-Basic Questionnaire (DAPP-BQ) - were administered to 960 outpatients and their scales factor-analyzed following a bass ackwards approach. The resulting hierarchical structure was interpretable and replicable across gender and methods up to seven factors. This structure highlights coincidences among current dimensional models and clarifies their apparent divergences, and thus helps to delineate the unified taxonomy of normal and abnormal personality that the field requires.
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Spanish version of the Dimensional Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (DOCS): Psychometric properties and relation to obsessive beliefs.
Compr Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 02-18-2013
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Our main goal was to provide the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Dimensional Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (DOCS) in a non-clinical sample (n=237) and in adult patients with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) (n=110). We also examined the association between OC symptom dimensions and obsessive beliefs.
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Levofloxacin-induced delirium in a patient suffering from schizoaffective disorder and multiple sclerosis.
Curr Drug Saf
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2013
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Levofloxacin induced psychiatric adverse effects are rare, although they can be serious. There are just five cases of fluoroquinolone-induced delirium published in the medical literature. To our best knowledge, none of them occurred in psychotic patients. We report a case of a 38-year-old Caucasian man diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder and multiple sclerosis who developed delirium and visual hallucinations after initiating levofloxacin therapy. In psychiatric patients, suspecting levofloxacin could be responsible for the symptoms can be a diagnostic challenge, since they could be interpreted like worsening of the mental state as well. Although levofloxacin-induced delirium is a rare adverse event, physicians should be aware of the occurrence of this serious, but potentially reversible CNS complication of levofloxacin, even in psychotic patients.
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Long-term and bizarre self-injurious behavior: an approach to underlying psychological mechanisms and management.
J Psychiatr Pract
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2013
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Repeated self-harm usually presents with associated psychopathology, mostly in the form of obsessive-compulsive disorder, malingering, or personality disorders, and may persist for many years. This case presentation focuses on self-harm involving the deliberate ingestion of foreign bodies. This behavior remains poorly understood, and the relevant literature focuses almost entirely on gastroenterological and surgical management, with little or no discussion of underlying psychological mechanisms, psychopathology, or psychotherapeutic intervention. The goal of this article is to begin to fill that gap by presenting the case of a young woman who was diagnosed with borderline personality disorder and followed for 20 years, who repeatedly swallowed objects as a form of self-harming behavior. The nosological status and possible functions of this behavior are discussed, as are the difficulties of caring for patients with such long-standing, repeated selfinjury. This case illustrates how the boundaries between different self-injurious behaviors are blurred and also how different self-injurious behaviors are likely to share common patterns, functional integrity, and meanings. It should also serve to remind us how far we have to go in terms of understanding, classifying, and successfully treating certain patients who present with longterm and bizarre self-injurious behavior.
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Temperament and character in transsexuals.
Psychiatry Res
PUBLISHED: 01-16-2013
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The aim of this study was to evaluate personality in transsexuals. The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) profiles of 166 male-to-female (MF) and 88 female-to-male (FM) transsexuals were compared with those of a control group of males and females. MF and FM transsexuals scored significantly lower than males and females in RD4 (more independent) and C3 (more self-centeredness). MF transsexuals scored higher than males and females in HA4 (more fatigable), ST and ST3 (more spiritual acceptance), and lower in C5 (more opportunistic); moreover, they showed higher scores than males in RD1 (more sentimental) and lower than females in C (less cooperativeness). FM transsexuals scored lower than females in HA2 (more daring and confident), RD (less sentimental), and C5 (more opportunistic). Compared with FM, MF transsexuals scored higher on HA2 (more fearful), RD, RD1 (more sentimental), ST, ST2 and ST3 (more spiritual). All these differences were less than half a standard deviation except for C3. Data show that transsexuals and controls display a similar personality profile, even though there are some differential personality traits. Moreover, the personality profile of transsexuals was closer to the profile of subjects who shared their gender identity than those who shared their anatomical sex.
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Personality does not distinguish people with fibromyalgia but identifies subgroups of patients.
Gen Hosp Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 01-11-2013
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The objectives were to compare the personality of fibromyalgia (FM) patients with other chronic painful and nonpainful disorders considering the confusion due to psychopathology and to assess the clustering of FM patients according to their personality profile.
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Pharmacist-led medication reconciliation to reduce discrepancies in transitions of care in Spain.
Int J Clin Pharm
PUBLISHED: 01-02-2013
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Background Medication errors are one of the main causes of morbidity amongst hospital inpatients. More than half of medication errors occur at interfaces of care, when patients are discharged or transferred to the care of another physician. Medication reconciliation is the process of reviewing patients complete previous medication regimen, comparing it with current prescriptions, and analysing and resolving any discrepancies that the pharmacist does not believe to be intentional (unjustified discrepancies). Objective To quantify and analyse reconciliation unjustified discrepancies detected by a pharmacist in patients admitted to an internal medicine unit (IMU) over a 3-year period. Setting and method The hospital employs a pharmacist who acts as a link between the primary care services and the internal medicine specialist care unit. A retrospective descriptive study on the reconciliation discrepancies found was carried out. Medication reconciliation was performed upon admission in all patients transferred from the Accident and Emergency department (A&E) and admitted to the IMU, and also at the time of discharge. The interventions were categorised based on the consensus document on terminology and medication classification published by the Spanish Society of Hospital Pharmacy. Main outcome measure Number of patients with unjustified discrepancies, also known as reconciliation errors. Results 2,473 patients had their treatment reviewed at the time of admission and 1,150 at discharge. 866 reconciliation discrepancies were detected in 446 patients (1.94 per patient). 807 (93 %) were accepted by the prescribing physician and classified as reconciliation errors. 16.8 % of patients had at least one reconciliation error: 63.8 % of these errors were incomplete prescriptions, 16.6 % were medication omissions and 10.5 % were errors in dosage, administration method and/or frequency. Conclusion The rate of medication errors found in this study is low compared with other similar studies. The most common error was "incomplete prescriptions", most of them generated by the Accident and Emergency department. A computerised clinical history would help to decrease the number of reconciliation errors. Pharmacist interventions focused on medication reconciliation are well accepted by physicians, improving the quality of clinical histories and decreasing the number of medication errors that occur across transitions in patient care.
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Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale in women.
Psicothema
PUBLISHED: 01-27-2011
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This instrumental study was designed to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FMPS). The total sample was made up of 582 female college students, with a mean age of 21.68 (SD= 4.45). The results of confirmatory factor analysis identified the six-factor solution proposed by the original authors as the best factor structure, with acceptable fit indices. Cronbachs alpha coefficient was .93 for the FMPS total score and ranged from .74 to .91 for the subscales. Test-retest reliability suggested a good temporal stability of the FMPS total score [ICC= .89 (95% CI= .80-.94)] and its subscales. Results showed moderate to high associations between the Spanish version of the FMPS and other measures of perfectionism. The Spanish version of FMPS has shown satisfactory psychometric properties to be used in women. Future research should replicate these findings in broader samples, in clinical populations, and use longitudinal designs to determine whether perfectionism is a risk factor for psychopathology in women.
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Depersonalization and personality in panic disorder.
Compr Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 07-05-2010
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Prevalence and clinical correlates of depersonalization symptoms have been associated with panic disorder. Personality traits might increase the likelihood of experiencing depersonalization symptoms or depersonalization disorder in panic patients.
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Contraindications and side effects of commonly used medications in coronary CT angiography.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2010
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For certain clinical applications, coronary CT angiography (CCTA) has become a useful tool for the noninvasive evaluation of coronary artery atherosclerosis. To optimize image quality in CCTA, medications are often given prior to scanning to slow the heart rate or distend the arteries. These medications have side effects and are contraindicated in certain patient populations. Metoprolol is the ß-blocker of choice in CCTA, and it has been shown to be effective in achieving the goal heart rate of less than 65 beats per minute for CCTA and in minimizing variability of heart rate. It is contraindicated in patients with hypotension or high degree AV block, and it must be used with caution in patients with asthma or obstructive pulmonary disease, patients with decompensated heart failure, and those with vasospastic or vasoocclusive disease. Diltiazem, the calcium channel blocker of choice in CCTA, is a reasonable alternative for heart control, particularly in patients with asthma or bronchospastic disease, and patients with orthotopic heart transplants that have been sympathetically denervated. Sublingual nitroglycerin is especially useful in order to dilate distal arteries to improve stenosis visibility. However, it is contraindicated in patients on erectile dysfunction medications and those with severe anemia. It must be used cautiously in patients with aortic stenosis or other preload-dependant cardiac pathologies.
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Early determinants of death due to multiple organ failure after noncardiac surgery in high-risk patients.
Anesth. Analg.
PUBLISHED: 06-08-2010
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Prediction of perioperative cardiac complications is important in the medical management of patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. However, these patients frequently die as a consequence of primary or secondary multiple organ failure (MOF), often as a result of sepsis. We investigated the early perioperative risk factors for in-hospital death due to MOF in surgical patients.
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The Symptom Checklist-Revised (SCL-90-R) is able to discriminate between simulation and fibromyalgia.
J Clin Psychol
PUBLISHED: 06-08-2010
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This study assessed the ability of the Symptom Checklist-Revised (SCL-90-R) to discriminate between two groups of fibromyalgia patients (those who were about to begin a treatment including the explicit aim of returning to work and those who were initiating a legal procedure to obtain permanent disability compensation) and two groups of healthy volunteers (medical students and psychology graduates), who were asked to produce a symptomatic resemblance to a chronic pain disorder. Logistic regression analyses were applied to the SCL-90-R subscales and individual probabilistic indices of simulation were calculated. Results showed that the SCL-90-R was able to discriminate between healthy subjects and both groups of patients with a high sensitivity and specificity. The individual indices of simulation, which might be more useful in clinical practice than the comparison of the SCL-90-R profiles, also showed an appropriate level of accuracy.
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Pegylated interferon and ribavirin-induced depression in chronic hepatitis C: role of personality.
J Clin Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 07-04-2009
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Pegylated interferon (PegIFN) and ribavirin (RBV) treatment for the hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection can induce depressive episodes. Personality traits have been associated with mood disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the personality profile as a risk factor for induced depression by PegIFN and RBV treatment in patients with HCV.
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Left ventricular myocardial bands: MDCT and MR appearance.
J Thorac Imaging
PUBLISHED: 05-26-2009
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Left ventricular (LV) myocardial bands or false tendons, which span the LV cavity to connect distant sites on the endocardium, are commonly visualized on echocardiography and at autopsy. However, this entity has not been described in the radiologic literature. In this article, we describe 4 cases of LV bands imaged using echocardiography, multidetector computed tomography, and magnetic resonance. We will also discuss the embryologic basis, anatomic findings, differential diagnosis, and clinical implications of this condition.
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MDCT of partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) in adults.
J Thorac Imaging
PUBLISHED: 05-26-2009
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The purpose of this study was to determine the lobar distribution and associated radiologic/clinical findings of partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) in the adult population using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT).
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Chest radiography in thoracic polytrauma.
AJR Am J Roentgenol
PUBLISHED: 02-24-2009
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Chest radiography is the first-line imaging examination for assessment of thoracic polytrauma, serving to evaluate the extent of injury and facilitate early triage to observation, further imaging, or immediate surgical intervention. The objective of this article is to review the spectrum of injuries that occur in the chest and upper abdomen after blunt and penetrating trauma. Pathophysiology, imaging findings, and management recommendations will be discussed for injuries to the chest wall, diaphragm, pleura, lungs, mediastinum, heart, aorta, and great vessels.
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A pattern-based approach to assessment of delayed enhancement in nonischemic cardiomyopathy at MR imaging.
Radiographics
PUBLISHED: 01-27-2009
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Although delayed contrast material-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has traditionally been used to evaluate ischemic disease and myocardial viability, it is increasingly being used in the evaluation of nonischemic cardiomyopathies. Unlike myocardial infarction, which demonstrates subendocardial or transmural delayed contrast enhancement in a vascular distribution, nonischemic cardiomyopathies demonstrate enhancement that is not limited to a vascular territory. In combination with other cardiac MR imaging features, the location (subendocardial, transmural, subepicardial, or mesocardial) and pattern (patchy or diffuse) of abnormal delayed myocardial enhancement allow differentiation between ischemic (infarct-related) and nonischemic cardiomyopathies and, in cases of nonischemic cardiomyopathy, narrowing of the differential diagnosis. With use of a structured approach, delayed contrast-enhanced cardiac MR imaging can be helpful in the early detection and appropriate treatment of nonischemic cardiomyopathies.
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Tumors of the pulmonary artery and veins.
Semin. Ultrasound CT MR
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The pulmonary vasculature may be involved by different primary and secondary tumors. Poorly differentiated and undifferentiated sarcomas are the most common primary tumors of the pulmonary arteries. They tend to affect the large caliber pulmonary vessels and present with predominantly intraluminal growth. Pulmonary and mediastinal metastasis are common, and prognosis is poor. Clinical and imaging manifestations may mimic those of pulmonary embolism. Dyspnea, chest pain, cough, and hemoptysis are the most common presenting symptoms. Primary sarcomas arising from the central pulmonary veins are less common than their arterial counterpart. Secondary involvement of the pulmonary arteries and veins by primary and metastatic pulmonary malignancies is more common. Tumoral embolism may also affect the pulmonary arteries. They may develop from different intrathoracic and extrathoracic malignancies and may be indistinguishable from venous thromboembolism. It may manifest as cor pulmonale with right cardiac strain and dilated pulmonary arteries. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography may help in the differentiation between these 2 conditions.
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Personality disorder features through the life course.
J. Pers. Disord.
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Personality Disorders have proved to be more fluid through the life course than previously thought. However, because analyses have usually been undertaken at the level of diagnostic categories, relevant findings may be obscured. An examination at the criteria level could bypass arbitrary aggregations of heterogeneous traits and thus offer more accurate information. To this end, we administered the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+ (PDQ-4+) to 1,477 patients aged 15 to 82. Nine of 12 disorders declined to some extent over the lifespan, but the evolution of individual criteria diverged within categories. At this level, 45 of 93 criteria showed age-related decreases, whereas only seven presented increases. A clearer picture is offered of the PD traits that change and those that remain stable. Thus, pathological features are not only more fluid, but developmentally more heterogeneous than previously believed.
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[Typology, values and preferences of people with HIV and imaginaries of infection: a qualitative research: Spain, 2010].
Rev. Esp. Salud Publica
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Therapeutic advance achieved over the last fifteen years in addressing HIV and AIDS correlate with changes in the subjective experiences of persons with HIV and in the sociocultural imaginary of HIV infection. This paper reports findings on two areas: the current typology of HIV patients in the Spanish case and the evolution of the perception of HIV among PLWHA.
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Personality Disorder Features Through the Life Course.
J. Pers. Disord.
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Personality Disorders have proved to be more fluid through the life course than previously thought. However, because analyses have usually been undertaken at the level of diagnostic categories, relevant findings may be obscured. An examination at the criteria level could bypass arbitrary aggregations of heterogeneous traits and thus offer more accurate information. To this end, we administered the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+ (PDQ-4+) to 1,477 patients aged 15 to 82. Nine of 12 disorders declined to some extent over the lifespan, but the evolution of individual criteria diverged within categories. At this level, 45 of 93 criteria showed age-related decreases, whereas only seven presented increases. A clearer picture is offered of the PD traits that change and those that remain stable. Thus, pathological features are not only more fluid, but developmentally more heterogeneous than previously believed.
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Aortic tumors.
Semin. Ultrasound CT MR
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Increasing use of cross-sectional studies has resulted in a concomitant increase in the number of intravascular and perivascular masses found in patients being studied for a multitude of thoracic conditions. As a consequence, there needs to be an awareness of the imaging findings of certain unusual abnormalities that will help prevent erroneous treatment (eg, anticoagulation) and expedite proper therapy. Although the spectrum of conditions that may present as intravascular, mural, and extravascular abnormalities in and around the aorta is broad, imaging features like contrast enhancement, signal intensity, and metabolic activity may help in making the correct diagnosis. Examples of the imaging presentation of these rare primary tumors and more common secondary tumors that may affect the aorta are presented in this article.
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Imaging patients with cardiac trauma.
Radiographics
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In the United States, trauma is the leading cause of death among those who are 1-44 years old, with cardiovascular injuries representing the second most common cause of traumatic death after central nervous system injuries. Evaluation of trauma patients with suspected cardiac injury may be complex and include electrocardiography, measurement of cardiac biomarkers, and imaging examinations. Contrast material-enhanced computed tomography (CT) has become one of the most valuable imaging tools available for evaluating hemodynamically stable patients with suspected cardiac injury. The presence of hemopericardium, with or without cardiac tamponade, is one of the most significant findings of cardiac injury. Other complications that result from blunt cardiac injury, such as pericardial rupture and cardiac herniation, may be readily depicted at multidetector CT. Assessment of patients with cardiac injuries, particularly those with penetrating injuries, is a challenging and time-critical matter, with clinical and imaging findings having complementary roles in the formation of an accurate diagnosis. Patients who are hemodynamically stable, particularly those with penetrating cardiac injuries, also may benefit from a timely imaging examination. In addition to chest radiography, other available modalities such as transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography, nuclear medicine, and magnetic resonance imaging may play a role in selected cases.
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Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the self-report Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire -4+ (PDQ-4+) in psychiatric outpatients.
Psicothema
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We examined the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the self-report Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+ (PDQ-4+) in a sample of 437 psychiatric outpatients. Psychometric properties were assessed through internal consistency analysis, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and concurrent validity. Results indicate that the Spanish version of the PDQ-4+ has moderate internal consistency, which was acceptable for 7 of the 12 self-report scales. The factor structure roughly replicated the DSM-IV clusters. The presence of Personality Disorders was associated with the character dimensions of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI).
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.