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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Performance of the Santa Ines breed raised on pasture in semiarid tropical regions and factors that explain trait variation.
Trop Anim Health Prod
PUBLISHED: 07-06-2014
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This study aimed to evaluate sex, the number of lambs per birth, and the family effects on production traits in the Santa Ines breed of sheep by estimating the least square means and coefficient of variance for those traits. A total of 484 lambs were evaluated for the following traits: weight at birth, at weaning, and at 240 days of age; weight gain during the pre-weaning and post-weaning periods; height, width, and length of different body regions; and rib eye area and fat thickness between the 12th and 13th ribs. We observed coefficients of variation higher than 10 % for several traits. Generally, males were larger than females (P?
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Blood pressure and LDL-cholesterol targets for prevention of recurrent strokes and cognitive decline in the hypertensive patient: design of the European Society of Hypertension-Chinese Hypertension League Stroke in Hypertension Optimal Treatment randomized trial.
J. Hypertens.
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2014
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The SBP values to be achieved by antihypertensive therapy in order to maximize reduction of cardiovascular outcomes are unknown; neither is it clear whether in patients with a previous cardiovascular event, the optimal values are lower than in the low-to-moderate risk hypertensive patients, or a more cautious blood pressure (BP) reduction should be obtained. Because of the uncertainty whether 'the lower the better' or the 'J-curve' hypothesis is correct, the European Society of Hypertension and the Chinese Hypertension League have promoted a randomized trial comparing antihypertensive treatment strategies aiming at three different SBP targets in hypertensive patients with a recent stroke or transient ischaemic attack. As the optimal level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level is also unknown in these patients, LDL-C-lowering has been included in the design.
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Blood pressure and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol lowering for prevention of strokes and cognitive decline: a review of available trial evidence.
J. Hypertens.
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2014
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It is well established by a large number of randomized controlled trials that lowering blood pressure (BP) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) by drugs are powerful means to reduce stroke incidence, but the optimal BP and LDL-C levels to be achieved are largely uncertain. Concerning BP targets, two hypotheses are being confronted: first, the lower the BP, the better the treatment outcome, and second, the hypothesis that too low BP values are accompanied by a lower benefit and even higher risk. It is also unknown whether BP lowering and LDL-C lowering have additive beneficial effects for the primary and secondary prevention of stroke, and whether these treatments can prevent cognitive decline after stroke.
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Laparoscopy for ventriculoperitoneal shunt implantation and revision surgery.
World J Gastrointest Endosc
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2014
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Ventriculoperitoneal shunting (VPS) is a widely accepted technique for the treatment of hydrocephalus. The probability of shunt dysfunction is pretty high throughout life. Laparoscopy has become a valuable tool to perform VPS and treat abdominal complications. An electronic literature search was performed to reveal the published data relating laparoscopy and ventriculoperitoneal shunt in Medline, Embase, Scielo and Lilacs databases. The keywords employed were "laparoscopy" OR "laparoscopic surgery" AND "ventriculoperitoneal shunt" OR "shunt" AND "surgery" OR "implantation" OR "revision" OR "complication". No high quality trials were developed comparing conventional laparotomic incision vs laparoscopic approach. Both approaches have evolved and currently there are less invasive options for laparotomy, like periumbilical small incisions; and for laparoscopy, like smaller and less incisions. Operating room time, blood loss and hospital stay may be potentially smaller in laparoscopic surgery and complications are probably the same as laparotomy. In revision surgery for abdominal complications after VPS, visualization of whole abdominal cavity is fundamental to address properly the problem and laparoscopic approach is valuable once it is safe, fast and much less invasive than laparotomy. Ventriculoperitoneal shunting is a widely accepted technique for the treatment of hydrocephalus. Laparoscopy assisted shunt surgery in selected cases might be a less invasive and more effective option for intrabdominal manipulation. The laparoscopic approach allows a better catheter positioning, lysis of fibrotic bundles and peritoneal inspection as well, without any additional complication.
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Markers of hepatitis delta virus infection can be detected in follicular fluid and semen.
J. Clin. Virol.
PUBLISHED: 04-15-2014
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Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) is a satellite of HBV and needs this latter's envelope for its morphogenesis and propagation. An estimated 5-20% of HBV-infected patients are also infected with HDV. No studies have ever been performed to determine the presence of HDV in follicular fluid (FF) and semen of HDV-infected patients.
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Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension and salt intake in Portugal: changes over a decade. The PHYSA study.
J. Hypertens.
PUBLISHED: 03-29-2014
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To determine prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension and the 24-h sodium excretion (24h-UNa) in the Portuguese adult population and to examine their changes from a similar study done in 2003.
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Psychiatric symptoms are present in most of the patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2014
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Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is characterized by gait disturbance, dementia and/or urinary incontinence associated with dilation of ventricular system with normal opening cerebrospinal fluid pressure. Wide scientifical evidence confirms association between NPH and psychiatric symptoms. We selected 35 patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus from January 2010 to January 2012 in a Brazilian tertiary hospital and performed a formal psychiatric evaluation to identify psychiatric disorders. Psychiatric disorders were present in 71% of these patients, especially anxiety, depression and psychotic syndromes. NPH patients may develop symptoms with frontal dominance, such as personality changes, anxiety, depression, psychotic syndromes, obsessive compulsive disorder, Othello syndrome; shoplifting and mania. Unusual appearances of NPH symptoms may hinder early diagnosis and consequently proper treatment.
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Serological and molecular diagnosis of hepatitis delta virus infection: results of a French national quality control study.
J. Clin. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 02-12-2014
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A French national quality control study for the serological and molecular diagnosis of hepatitis delta virus (HDV) was organized. Total HDV antibodies were properly detected by all laboratories; 8/14 laboratories failed to detect low titers of IgM, and 6/11 failed to quantify and/or underestimated the RNA viral load in several samples. These discrepancies are likely related to the molecular diversity of HDV.
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Isolation, prevalence, and risk factors for infection by shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) in dairy cattle.
Trop Anim Health Prod
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2014
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Rectal swabs of 198 Holstein × Gir crossbred beef cattle from 34 milk farms in the central west of Brazil were analyzed from August 2010 to February 2011. Strains of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) were isolated from 72.73% (144/198) of the animals, on over 97% of the surveyed properties. The molecular characterization indicated the most common toxin gene stx1 in 70.88% of the animals (202/285), followed by 18.95% (54/285) stx1/sxt2, and 10.18% (29/285) stx2. The presence of STEC in animals together with the probable risk factors based on a questionnaire was evaluated in the owners of the evaluated animals. Results showed that the animal category "calves" and production/technification scale "low" of the farm were related to high STEC prevalence in cattle. The season did not significantly affect the presence of STEC in cattle. The STEC strains are considered a major pathogen, causing severe and potentially lethal diseases in humans such as hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic uremic syndrome. This high prevalence of STEC in dairy cattle poses a significant risk to public health, since these microorganisms can contaminate products intended for human consumption, e.g., water, raw and pasteurized milk, meat products, dairy products, and/or products of plant origin.
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Interhemispheric Endoscopic Fenestration of the Lamina Terminalis through a Single Frontal Burr Hole.
J Neurol Surg B Skull Base
PUBLISHED: 01-03-2014
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Objective?We evaluate the feasibility and safety of performing a novel interhemispheric endoscopic fenestration of the lamina terminalis (IEFLT) through a single frontal burr hole immediately lateral to the superior sagittal sinus. Methods?Five cadaveric heads underwent IEFLT. Sequential burr holes were made beginning above the glabella and progressed cranially to caudally until the frontal sinus. An endoscope was inserted, and interhemispheric dissection of the arachnoid membranes was completed with endoscopic instruments in a straight direction from the point of entry to the lamina terminalis (LT). Angled optics (0 and 30 degrees) were used to study the neurovascular structures and surgical landmarks. Results?The IEFLTs were successfully completed in all specimens and allowed for good visualization of the inferior portion of the LT. The arachnoid dissections were achieved uneventfully. The endoscope provided good surface control of the LT and excellent stereoscopic visualization of the neurovascular complexes. Improved circumferential visualization of the superior part of the anterior portion of the third ventricle was attained. Conclusion?IEFLT is a potential alternative to the classic endoscopic third ventriculostomy and a simpler alternative to the subfrontal EFLT, although surgical maneuverability is still limited due to the size of the probe in relation to the narrow surgical corridor.
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Giant acute epidural hematoma after ventriculoperitoneal shunt: a case report and literature review.
Int J Clin Exp Med
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Cerebrospinal fluid over-drainage is a common complication of ventriculoperitoneal devices. In terms of haemorrhage, subdural haematomas are usually more frequent lesions than epidural hematomas, which, more rarely, may also be seen after ventricular shunt procedures and may lead to rapid neurological decline and even death unless a surgical procedure can be promptly performed. This study reports the case of a 47 years-old Dandy Walker man, with clinical condition compatible with the diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus submitted to a ventriculoperitoneal shunt with a high fixed pressure valve. After discharge, on the second day after the procedure, he presented with headache and impaired level of consciousness. At hospital admission he was in a coma and anisochoric. Underwent endotracheal intubation and a head CT, showed epidural hematoma. We performed emergency craniotomy to drain the hematoma, the patient died in the operating room despite resuscitation attempts. In conclusion, prompt diagnosis and emergency craniotomy is recommended in these cases. We must be aware of this possible evolution and maintain high suspicion besides a longer in-hospital observation after these procedures.
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Primary leptomeningeal lymphoma: International Primary CNS Lymphoma Collaborative Group report.
Neurology
PUBLISHED: 10-09-2013
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To evaluate clinical presentation, optimal diagnostic evaluation and treatment, and outcome in primary leptomeningeal lymphoma, a rare form of primary CNS lymphoma without parenchymal or systemic involvement.
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Outcome of patients with hemoglobinopathies given either cord blood or bone marrow transplantation from an HLA-identical sibling.
Blood
PUBLISHED: 05-21-2013
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We analyzed the outcomes of 485 patients with thalassemia major (TM) or sickle cell disease (SCD) receiving HLA-identical sibling cord blood transplantation (CBT, n = 96) or bone marrow transplantation (BMT, n = 389). Compared with patients given BMT, CBT recipients were significantly younger (median age 6 vs 8 years, P = .02), and were treated more recently (median year 2001 vs 1999, P < .01). A higher proportion of patients with TM belonging to classes II-III of the Pesaro classification received BMT (44%) compared with CBT (39%, P < .01). In comparison with patients receiving BMT (n = 259, TM; n = 130, SCD), those given CBT (n = 66, TM; n = 30, SCD) had slower neutrophil recovery, less acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and none had extensive chronic GVHD. With a median follow-up of 70 months, the 6-year overall survival was 95% and 97% after BMT and CBT, respectively (P = .92). The 6-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 86% and 80% in TM patients after BMT and CBT, respectively, whereas DFS in SCD patients was 92% and 90%, respectively. The cell dose infused did not influence outcome of patients given CBT. In multivariate analysis, DFS did not differ between CBT and BMT recipients. Patients with TM or SCD have excellent outcomes after both HLA-identical sibling CBT and BMT.
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Comparison of functional electrical stimulation associated with kinesiotherapy and kinesiotherapy alone in patients with hemiparesis during the subacute phase of ischemic cerebrovascular accident.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr
PUBLISHED: 04-17-2013
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To compare the functional electrical stimulation associated with functional kinesiotherapy alone in patients after ischemic cerebrovascular accident.
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Programmable valve represents an efficient and safe tool in the treatment of idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus patients.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr
PUBLISHED: 04-17-2013
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Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is characterized by gait disturbance, dementia and /or urinary incontinence, dilation of the ventricular system and normal opening cerebrospinal fluid pressure. Shunt surgery is the standard treatment of iNHP. Diversions with programmable valves are recommended, once drainage pressure can be changed. However, well-defined protocols still lack guiding the steps to attain proper pressure for each patient. Methods: In our study, we reported the experience of shunting 24 patients with iNPH using Strata® (Medtronic) valve, following a protocol based on a positive Tap Test. Results: We observed clinical improvement in 20 patients and stability/worsening in 4 patients. Complications occurred in five patients, including one death. The results display improvement, and complications occurred at a lower rate than reported in other studies. Conclusions: The Strata® valve used in the proposed protocol represents an efficient and safe tool in the treatment of iNPH.
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Childhood cancer mortality trends in Brazil, 1979-2008.
Clinics (Sao Paulo)
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2013
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Childhood cancer mortality has substantially declined worldwide as a result of significant advances in global cancer care. Because limited information is available in Brazil, we analyzed trends in childhood cancer mortality in five Brazilian regions over 29 years.
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Results of Castro Bernardes intraluminal ring in surgery for ascending aortic aneurysms and dissections.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc
PUBLISHED: 03-07-2013
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To demonstrate surgical results using Castro Bernardes intraluminal ring in ascending aorta surgery, instead of conventional suture.
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Impact of an educational intervention implanted in a neurological intensive care unit on rates of infection related to external ventricular drains.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2013
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Studies on the implantation of care routines showed reduction on EVD catheter-related infections rates; however zero tolerance is difficult to be achieved. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of an educational intervention on the maximal reduction on rates of EVD-related infections.
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Microscopic polyangiitis secondary to silica exposure.
Reumatol Clin
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2013
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There is sufficient evidence of the capqcity of silica to induce autoimmunity in patients with some type of genetic susceptibility. There are several autoimmune diseases related to this exposure (rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögrens syndrome, sarcoidosis, systemic sclerosis). Nodular silicosis (clinical expression of this exposure in lungs) generates apoptosis, inflammation, loss of tolerance and a respiratory burst. There is evidence that relates silica with induction of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies, but, until it is better explained, the reports of systemic vasculitis secondary to silica exposure are inconclusive. We describe a case of a patient with a history of occupational exposure to silica who developed microscopic polyangiitis.
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Predictive risk factors for failure to induction therapy of lupus nephritis in a cohort of Colombian patients.
Reumatol Clin
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2013
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To determine the predictors of failure to obtain remission after induction therapy for proliferative lupus nephritis in a group of northwestern Colombian patients.
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Role of endoscopic third ventriculostomy and ventriculoperitoneal shunt in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: preliminary results of a randomized clinical trial.
Neurosurgery
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2013
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Currently, the most common treatment for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) is a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS), generally with programmable valve implantation. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is another treatment option, and it does not require prosthesis implantation.
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Live weight, carcass ultrasound images, and visual scores in Angus cattle under feeding regimes in Brazil.
Trop Anim Health Prod
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2013
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This study aimed to evaluate visual precocity, muscling, conformation, skeletal, and breed scores; live weights at birth, at 205, and at 550 days of age; and, besides, rib eye area and fat thickness between the 12th and 13th ribs obtained by ultrasound. Those traits were evaluated in 1,645 Angus cattle kept in five feeding conditions as follows: supplemented or non-supplemented, grazing native pasture or grazing cultivated pasture, and feedlot. Descriptive statistics, Pearsons correlations, and principal component analysis were carried out. Gender and feeding conditions were fixed effects, while animals age and mothers weight at weaning were the covariates analyzed. Gender and feeding conditions were very significant for the studied traits, but visual scores were not influenced by gender. Animals age and mothers weight at weaning influenced many traits and must be appropriately adjusted in the statistical models. An important correlation between visual scores, live weights, and carcass traits obtained by ultrasound was found, which can be analyzed by univariate procedure. However, the multivariate approach revealed some information that cannot be neglected in order to ensure a more detailed assessment.
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Revisiting hydrocephalus as a model to study brain resilience.
Front Hum Neurosci
PUBLISHED: 10-18-2011
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Hydrocephalus is an entity which embraces a variety of diseases whose final result is the enlarged size of cerebral ventricular system, partially or completely. The physiopathology of hydrocephalus lies in the dynamics of circulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The consequent CSF stasis in hydrocephalus interferes with cerebral and ventricular system development. Children and adults who sustain congenital or acquired brain injury typically experience a diffuse insult that impacts many areas of the brain. Development and recovery after such injuries reflects both restoration and reorganization of cognitive functions. Classic examples were already reported in literature. This suggests the presence of biological mechanisms associated with resilient adaptation of brain networks. We will settle a link between the notable modifications to neurophysiology secondary to hydrocephalus and the ability of neuronal tissue to reassume and reorganize its functions.
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Hypopituitarism due to hydrocephalus: case report and review of the literature.
Pediatr Neurosurg
PUBLISHED: 04-26-2011
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Although rare, chronic hydrocephalus may cause amenorrhea and delayed puberty associated with obesity as the main endocrine manifestations. Since the first operation carried out in 1950 on a patient with amenorrhea and hydrocephalus, fewer than 30 patients with these features have been reported.
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FtsZ degradation in the cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120.
J. Plant Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 04-15-2011
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In prokaryotes, cell division is normally achieved by binary fission, and the key player FtsZ is considered essential for the complete process. In cyanobacteria, much remains unknown about several aspects of cell division, including the identity and mechanism of the various components involved in the division process. Here, we report results obtained from a search of the players implicated in cell division, directly associating to FtsZ in the filamentous, heterocyst-forming cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC 7120. Histidine tag pull-downs were used to address this question. However, the main observation was that FtsZ is a target of proteolysis. Experiments using various cell-free extracts, an unrelated protein, and protein blot analyses further supported the idea that FtsZ is proteolytically cleaved in a specific manner. In addition, we show evidence that both FtsZ termini seem to be equally prone to proteolysis. Taken together, our data suggest the presence of an unknown player in cyanobacterial cell division, opening up the possibility to investigate novel mechanisms to control cell division in Anabaena PCC 7120.
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Attitudes, knowledge, and interest: preparing university students to work in an aging world.
Int Psychogeriatr
PUBLISHED: 09-15-2010
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The underlying goals of the present study were (i) to assess knowledge of and attitudes towards aging in a sample of Portuguese undergraduate students undertaking various degrees in health and welfare subjects, and (ii) to analyze the extent to which knowledge, attitudes and other factors were associated with interest in working with older adults.
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Biochemical markers of neonatal myocardial dysfunction.
J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.
PUBLISHED: 09-07-2010
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Cardiac ultrasounds (US) are not always available at the bedside. Cardiac Troponin I (cTnI), CK-MB and NT-proBNP may be an alternative or complementary to influence evaluation and treatment.
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Taking root: enduring effect of rhizosphere bacterial colonization in mangroves.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 07-16-2010
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Mangrove forests are of global ecological and economic importance, but are also one of the worlds most threatened ecosystems. Here we present a case study examining the influence of the rhizosphere on the structural composition and diversity of mangrove bacterial communities and the implications for mangrove reforestation approaches using nursery-raised plants.
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Incidence of maxillary sinusitis following Le Fort I osteotomy: clinical, radiographic, and endoscopic study.
J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 07-13-2010
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The correction of maxillomandibular deformities may require maxillary osteotomy procedures that usually present low rates of postoperative complications, such as maxillary sinusitis. The present study evaluated the incidence of maxillary sinusitis after Le Fort I osteotomy in 21 adult patients who underwent maxillary surgery (Le Fort I osteotomy) or bimaxillary surgery (Le Fort I osteotomy plus sagittal mandibular osteotomies) for correction of dentofacial deformities.
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Sequential hair mercury in mothers and children from a traditional riverine population of the Rio Tapajós, Amazonia: seasonal changes.
Environ. Res.
PUBLISHED: 07-12-2010
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Riverine populations of the Brazilian Amazon depend on fish for their principal source of protein, which changes in availability with seasonal fluctuations in the aquatic ecosystem. We report seasonal (high and low waters) and interannual changes in total mercury and methylmercury concentrations in hair of subsistence fish-eaters from a traditional riverine village on the banks of the Rio Tapajós in the Brazilian Amazonia. Retrospective exposure assessment was conducted from hair concentrations in segments representative of 2 years. A total of 32 mothers and their 51 children were studied. They reported high fish consumption (4-14 times a week). Ranges of total mercury and methylmercury concentrations in hair were 1.0-51.0 and 0.5-41.4microgg(-1), with means of 12.4 and 10.2microgg(-1), respectively. The relative mean value for methylmercury was 80%. There was a significant correlation between mothers and children for both total-Hg (r=0.4826; P=0.003) and methyl-Hg (r=0.5214; P=0.004). Mercury concentrations along hair strands of individuals showed significant variation coinciding with seasonal high and low waters. The changes in the aquatic environment impacted fish species availability, which is reflected in the total and MeHg concentrations in hair.
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Novel treatment immediately after myelomeningocele repair applying low-level laser therapy in newborns: a pilot study.
Pediatr Neurosurg
PUBLISHED: 03-15-2010
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The use of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in neurosurgery is still hardly disseminated and there are situations in which the effects of this therapeutic tool would be extremely relevant in this medical field. The aim of the present study is to analyze the effect of LLLT on tissue repair after the corrective surgical incision in neonates with myelomeningocele, in an attempt to diminish the incidence of postoperative dehiscences following surgical repair performed immediately after birth.
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Prospective assessment of bone turnover and clinical bone diseases after allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation.
Transplantation
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2010
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Bone complications after hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) are relatively frequent. Evaluation of biomarkers of bone turnover and dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) are not known in this context.
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Effective treatment of refractory pulmonary hemorrhage with monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody (rituximab).
Respiration
PUBLISHED: 10-08-2009
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We report a 19-year-old female with systemic lupus erythematosus and lupus nephritis who developed pulmonary hemorrhage (PH) refractory to conventional immunosuppressive treatment. She was initially treated with intravenous methylprednisolone and cyclophosphamide pulses. She required mechanical ventilation due to a lack of responsiveness and her disease was considered refractory to conventional treatment. Rituximab was administered and this was followed by clinical improvement in both PH and nephritis. Rituximab may be a useful therapeutic option for the treatment of refractory PH.
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Noise mapping of densely populated neighborhoods--example of Copacabana, Rio de Janeiro-Brazil.
Environ Monit Assess
PUBLISHED: 09-19-2009
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Copacabana is one of the most famous neighborhoods of the city of Rio de Janeiro/Brazil but suffers from a high inhabitant density. One of the many environmental problems faced is related to noise pollution. In order to assess not only the noise levels, to which the population is exposed, but also to quantify the influence of architectural aspects, the paper presents the steps taken towards a simulation of the noise emission and propagation in this area. The results of the simulation are compared to measurements in different locations and daily-hours. The discrepancies are analyzed and the methodology is discussed in view of its application to a huge urban center like the city of Rio de Janeiro.
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A guide for in-house design of template-switch-based 5 rapid amplification of cDNA ends systems.
Anal. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 09-10-2009
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Rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) is an established strategy used to determine the transcription start point(s) and the 5 untranslated region(s) of mRNA. Different approaches to perform 5 RACE are available, and one particularly simple and powerful strategy is based on a phenomenon called template-switching. We investigated different aspects of template-switch-based 5 RACE, and we describe the different steps leading to the in-house development of a complete 5 RACE system-from oligonucleotide design to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification. We show that the resulting system is reliable, time-efficient, and inexpensive.
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Determining ICH Score: can we go beyond?
Arq Neuropsiquiatr
PUBLISHED: 06-02-2009
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Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (SICH) still presents a great heterogeneity in its clinical evaluation, demonstrating differences in the enrollment criteria used for the study of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) treatment. The aim of the current study was to assess the ICH Score, a simple and reliable scale, determining the 30-day mortality and the one-year functional outcome. Consecutive patients admitted with acute SICH were prospectively included in the study. ICH Scores ranged from 0 to 4, and each increase in the ICH Score was associated with an increase in the 30-day mortality and with a progressive decrease in good functional outcome rates. However, the occurrence of a pyramidal pathway injury was better related to worse functional outcome than the ICH Score. The ICH Score is a good predictor of 30-day mortality and functional outcome, confirming its validity in a different socioeconomic populations. The association of the pyramidal pathway injury as an auxiliary variable provides more accurate information about the prognostic evolution.
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Absence of peritumoral fibrosis or inflammatory infiltrate may be related to clinical progression of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma.
Int. J. Surg. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 04-29-2009
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Rio Grande do Norte (RN) shows the highest relative incidence of papillary carcinomas in Brazil. To analyze histological features that might be associated with this incidence, the authors compared thyroid glands from 463 autopsies performed in RN with 427 surgical and autopsy glands previously studied in Sao Paulo (SP). The authors found 41 papillary thyroid microcarcinomas (PTMs) in 35 glands (8.1%), an incidence similar to the one reported in SP (7.8%). However, PTMs were predominantly nonencapsulated nonsclerosing at microscopy (44.0%), in contrast with SP where these types of lesion represented only 4 out of 32 PTMs (12.5%; P = .0046). The authors suggest that these nonencapsulated lesions with no sign of inflammation may represent an early stage that may evolve to clinical cancers, contributing to the high incidence of clinically differentiated thyroid carcinomas observed in RN.
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Treatment of colloid cysts of the third ventricle through neuroendoscopic Nd: YAG laser stereotaxis.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr
PUBLISHED: 04-05-2009
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Colloid cysts (IIIVT CC) are benign neuroepithelial cysts located in the anterior third ventricle. The authors propose the use of Nd:YAG laser stereotactic neuroendoscopic for guided resection of the third ventricle colloid cysts.
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Surgical treatment of myelomeningocele carried out at time zero immediately after birth.
Pediatr Neurosurg
PUBLISHED: 03-21-2009
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To present a protocol of immediate surgical repair of myelomeningocele (MMC) after birth (time zero) and compare this surgical outcome with the surgery performed after the newborns admission to the nursery before the operation.
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Diagnosis of Fanconi anemia in patients with bone marrow failure.
Haematologica
PUBLISHED: 03-10-2009
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Patients with bone marrow failure and undiagnosed underlying Fanconi anemia may experience major toxicity if given standard-dose conditioning regimens for hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Due to clinical variability and/or potential emergence of genetic reversion with hematopoietic somatic mosaicism, a straightforward Fanconi anemia diagnosis can be difficult to make, and diagnostic strategies combining different assays in addition to classical breakage tests in blood may be needed.
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Analysis of current and alternative phenol based RNA extraction methodologies for cyanobacteria.
BMC Mol. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 03-09-2009
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The validity and reproducibility of gene expression studies depend on the quality of extracted RNA and the degree of genomic DNA contamination. Cyanobacteria are gram-negative prokaryotes that synthesize chlorophyll a and carry out photosynthetic water oxidation. These organisms possess an extended array of secondary metabolites that impair cell lysis, presenting particular challenges when it comes to nucleic acid isolation. Therefore, we used the NHM5 strain of Nostoc punctiforme ATCC 29133 to compare and improve existing phenol based chemistry and procedures for RNA extraction.
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Could craniometric measurements explain the growth of the superior sagittal sinus?
Pediatr Neurosurg
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The objective of this study was to relate demographic variables and craniometric measures with measurements of the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) at different points along the path of the SSS. The findings were then discussed with regards to theories of skull growth.
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Cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale L.) extract from by-product of juice processing: a focus on carotenoids.
Food Chem
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Cashew apple fibrous residue is a by-product of the cashew juice industry. After pressing using a helical type continuous press followed by crossflow microfiltration, an aqueous extract was obtained from these cashew apple fibres. It was characterised by an intense yellow colour due to carotenoid pigments. Carotenoids were identified and quantified in the cashew apple before extraction, in its aqueous extract and in the concentrate obtained by microfiltration. Cashew apple aqueous extract and its concentrate presented a carotenoid profile with 11 carotenoids, most of them were tentatively identified by HPLC-DAD-MS and are xanthophylls present under an esterified form. Auroxanthin and ?-cryptoxanthin represented around 50% of total carotenoids. Concentration of the extract by microfiltration led to epoxy-furanoxy rearrangement of violaxanthin and antheraxanthin. The process allowed an increase of 10 times total carotenoid content compared with initial cashew apple. Total carotenoid content of the final concentrated extract reached 54 mg/kg.
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[Frequency of HLA alleles class I and II in a cohort of northwestern Colombian patients with spondyloarthritis].
Biomedica
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Spondyloarthritis is a chronic rheumatic disease that affect the axial skeleton and peripheral joints, along with several extra-articular manifestations. The association with HLA-B27 remains one of the strongest known links between these entities and the major histocompatibility complex. However, the global distribution of HLA-B27 varies considerably and furthermore, associations with non-HLA-B27 genes have been described.
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Performance of fixed-pressure valve with antisiphon device SPHERA(®) in hydrocephalus treatment and overdrainage prevention.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr
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Patients with hydrocephalus and risk factors for overdrainage may be submitted to ventricular shunt (VS) implant with antisiphon device. The objective of this study was to prospectively evaluate for two years the clinical and tomographic results of the implant of fixed-pressure valves with antisiphon device SPHERA(®) in 35 adult patients, with hydrocephalus and risk factors for overdrainage. Of these, 3 had congenital hydrocephalus in adult patients with very dilated ventricles (Evans index >50%), 3 had symptomatic overdrainage after previous VS implant (subdural hematoma, hygroma or slit ventricle syndrome), 1 had previous chronic subdural hematoma, 15 had normal pressure hydrocephalus with final lumbar pressure <5 cm H(2)O after tap test (40 mL), 6 had pseudotumor cerebri, and 7 had hydrocephalus due to other causes. Clinical improvement was observed and sustained in 94.3% of the patients during the two-year period with no computed tomography (CT) evidence of hypo or overdrainage, and no immediate early or late significant complications.
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Multimodal user interfaces to improve social integration of elderly and mobility impaired.
Stud Health Technol Inform
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Technologies for Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) and Communication have evolved tremendously over the past decades. However, citizens such as mobility impaired or elderly or others, still face many difficulties interacting with communication services, either due to HCI issues or intrinsic design problems with the services. In this paper we start by presenting the results of two user studies, the first one conducted with a group of mobility impaired users, comprising paraplegic and quadriplegic individuals; and the second one with elderly. The study participants carried out a set of tasks with a multimodal (speech, touch, gesture, keyboard and mouse) and multi-platform (mobile, desktop) system, offering an integrated access to communication and entertainment services, such as email, agenda, conferencing, instant messaging and social media, referred to as LHC - Living Home Center. The system was designed to take into account the requirements captured from these users, with the objective of evaluating if the adoption of multimodal interfaces for audio-visual communication and social media services, could improve the interaction with such services. Our study revealed that a multimodal prototype system, offering natural interaction modalities, especially supporting speech and touch, can in fact improve access to the presented services, contributing to the reduction of social isolation of mobility impaired, as well as elderly, and improving their digital inclusion.
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Lymphoma subtype incidence rates in children and adolescents: first report from Brazil.
Cancer Epidemiol
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Lymphoma is the third most common pediatric malignancy. The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence rates of lymphoma in children and adolescents in Brazil.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.