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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Mini-invasive aortic surgery: personal experience.
Innovations (Phila)
PUBLISHED: 09-20-2014
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In this study, we retrospectively evaluated our experience in minilaparotomy (MINI) and compared the results with conventional open repair (OPEN).
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Effectiveness of prostaglandin E1 in patients with mixed arterial and venous ulcers of the lower limbs.
Int Wound J
PUBLISHED: 06-05-2014
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Mixed arterial and venous ulcers of the lower limbs are present in around 15-30% of patients with chronic venous ulcers (CVUs) and are considered difficult-to-heal wounds. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of the treatment of mixed arterial and venous ulcers of the lower limbs with prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) infusion. This study was carried out in 48 consecutive patients. Patients who showed intolerability to PGE1, and patients with peripheral neuropathy, blood or systemic diseases, malignancy and acute wound infections or necrotic tissue on the wound bed were excluded. The patients were separated at random into two main groups: group I (25 patients) received standard treatment and PGE1 infusion. Group II (23 patients) received only standard treatment. Pre-treatment data indicated the area of ulceration. The number of healed ulcers and the variation in the area of ulceration were considered as endpoints. The endpoints were noticed after 120?days from the beginning of treatment. Healing occurred in 80% of limbs of group I and in 52·2% of limbs of group II patients. The average reduction in area was 92% versus 60% in patients of group I and II, respectively. During the whole treatment period, the incidence of adverse events was 8% in group I: there was one case of headache and one case of headache and hypotension combined. No side effects were recorded in patients of group II. In conclusion, PGE1 infusion is a determinant in the reduction of the healing time of mixed ulcers of the lower limbs.
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An Endovascular Option Is the Final Treatment for a Giant Arteriovenous Malformation.
Ann Vasc Surg
PUBLISHED: 03-16-2014
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We report the case of a 58-year-old man presented with bleeding ulcer of the left arm caused by a high-flow type-C arteriovenous malformation (AVM), feed by branches from both the subclavian arteries. He had been previously treated with AVM sclerotherapy, embolization, humeral artery endografting, and open surgery. We urgently performed coil embolization of the left vertebral artery, and we covered the huge subclavian artery by a thoracic endograft. Then, we embolized the right tyrocervical trunk. The result was an immediate interruption of bleeding. At 12 months, the patient had no neurologic complications, and the upper limb continued to decompress.
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Spinal cord stimulation to achieve wound healing in a primary lower limb critical ischaemia referral centre.
Int Wound J
PUBLISHED: 02-14-2014
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Critical lower limb ischaemia is a diffuse pathology that could cause claudication, severe ischaemic pain and tissue loss. The common treatment includes modification of risk factors, pharmacological therapy and endovascular or surgical revascularisation of the lower limb to restore a pulsatile flow distally. Spinal cord stimulator is seen as a valid alternative in patients unsuitable for revascularisation after endovascular or surgical revascularisation failure and as adjuvant therapy in the presence of a functioning bypass in patients with extensive tissue loss and gangrene presenting a slow and difficult wound healing. We report our experience on spinal cord stimulation (SCS) indication and implantation in patients with critical lower limb ischaemia, at a high-volume centre for the treatment of peripheral arterial disease.
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Carotid bypass: a safe and durable solution for recurrent carotid stenosis.
Ann Vasc Surg
PUBLISHED: 02-08-2014
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The long-term results of carotid artery stenting (CAS) for post-carotid endarterectomy (CEA) restenosis are disappointing (4-year patency rates: ?75%). Since 1988, our group has offered carotid bypass (CB) as an alternative to redo CEA and later also to CAS in this setting. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate early and late outcomes associated with CB in this population.
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A simple technique to achieve bloodless excision of carotid body tumors.
J. Vasc. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 07-07-2013
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We describe a technique for Shamblin II-III carotid body tumor (CBT) resection to reduce bleeding and neurologic complications during surgery. The technique was based on the fact that CBTs are supplied almost exclusively from the external carotid artery. Therefore, we carefully isolated the origin of the external carotid artery and its distal branches outside the tumor and temporarily clamped all of these vessels after heparin administration. This allowed a safe and bloodless resection as the tumor was dissected from the internal carotid artery in the usual subadventitial plane. The internal carotid artery was never clamped, and respect of peripheral nerves was warranted in the clean and bloodless field. From 2007 to 2010, we treated 11 patients with a CBT: six had a Shamblin II and five had a Shamblin III lesion. Neither perioperative neurologic events nor recurrences occurred after a mean follow-up of 42 months.
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A big floating thrombus in the common carotid artery.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown)
PUBLISHED: 09-24-2011
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The management of the free-floating thrombus (FFT) is difficult, and it is unclear whether surgical or medical treatment is superior. The common carotid artery is rarely involved. An 80-year-old woman presented with right hand weakness and syncope. Ultrasound showed the presence of FFT in the left common carotid artery. A carotid endarterectomy with Dacron patch angioplasty was immediately performed without complications. In the presence of symptoms, the interventional management of FFT is advised.
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Thrombectomy and surgical reconstruction for extensive iliocaval thrombosis in a patient with agenesis of the retrohepatic vena cava and atresia of the left renal vein.
Ann Vasc Surg
PUBLISHED: 05-28-2011
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In 80% of the patients presenting with deep-venous thrombosis (DVT), a risk factor can be identified. An absent or hypoplastic infrarenal vena cava is a rare risk factor for DVT in young adults. In these cases, the prevalence of congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is estimated at 0.5% of the general population, up to 5% in young people. The association with coagulopathy increases the risk of DVT. We report a case of a young man who presented with a massive caval and iliofemoral-popliteal thrombosis in presence of the agenesis of retrohepatic inferior vena cava and atresia of the left renal vein. Open thrombectomy and caval reconstruction with a polytetrafluoroethylene graft were performed. Surgical option with vein reconstruction was preferred to prevent new episodes of thrombosis and the risk of acute renal failure.
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Femoro-distal bypass with varicose veins covered by prosthetic mesh.
J. Surg. Res.
PUBLISHED: 02-17-2011
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The great saphenous vein (GSV) is the material of choice in distal bypass for critical limb ischemia (CLI). Varicosities have been reported as the cause of inadequacy of vein in up to 20% of patients. The hypothesis of this study is to consider the external mesh as a technique to use like conduit, in patients with varicose veins and in young patients with ecstatic veins, with results that at least overlap the traditional technique. We report our experience with bypass surgery using autologous varicose vein covered with prosthetic mesh.
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Use of bovine mesenteric vein in rescue vascular access surgery.
J Vasc Access
PUBLISHED: 02-23-2010
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We describe a technique for rescue surgery of autologous arterovenous fistula (AVF), using bovine mesenteric vein (BMV), which may be used in patients with autologous AVF malfunction caused by steno-occlusion on the arterial side or by fibrosis of the first portion of the vein. To preserve the autologous AVF, we replaced the diseased portion of the artery, or the first centimeters of the vein, by a segment of BMV, with the aim of saving the patency and functionality of the access. We used this technique in 16 cases. All patients underwent hemodialysis treatment immediately after the procedure. Infection or aneurismal dilatation of the graft in implanted BMV was never observed.
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Perioperative iloprost and endothelial progenitor cells in uremic patients with severe limb ischemia undergoing peripheral revascularization.
J. Surg. Res.
PUBLISHED: 07-11-2009
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The incidence of severe limb ischemia (SLI) is high among haemodialysis (HD) patients. Limb rescue rate after surgical revascularization is relatively poor compared with patients with normal renal function. Prostanoids are an interesting category as adjuvants to revascularization. New vessel growth develops not exclusively by proliferation of endothelial cells in vascular extremities but also by cells mobilized from the bone marrow (HSC), transformed into endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) contributing to both re-endothelialization and neovascularization. Basal number of HSC and EPC is significantly reduced in HD patients and correlated with a subsequent defective neovascularization. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of perioperative treatment with iloprost in uremic patients with acute ischemia of lower limbs, undergoing surgical revascularization, on endothelial progenitor cells, hypothesizing a possible biological mechanism induced by the prostanoids. A search was also made for vascular remodeling processes through the analysis of the concentrations of soluble adhesion molecules (i-CAM, v-CAM, e-selectin), biochemical markers of endothelial activation. Thirty HD patients with SLI undergoing peripheral revascularization were enrolled (15 were treated with iloprost and 15 with a placebo). Iloprost was administered as an intra-arterial bolus of 3000 ng over 1 to 3 min immediately after revascularization and in the same affected artery. Serum samples were taken before revascularization (T0), at 6 (T6) and 24 h (T24) after infusion to measure sICAM-1, sE-selectin, and sVCAM-1, and for quantification of HSC and EPC. Progenitors were identified by specific surface markers CD34+, CD133+ and VEGFR2+. Count was conducted using PROCOUNT performed in a TRUCOUNT tube and with a FACSort flow cytometer. Before revascularization, all patients showed a decreased number of HSC and EPC. After 6 h, HSC augmented significantly compared with T0 in both groups. The iloprost group attained a significant increase compared with the placebo group. HSC levels reduced drastically at T24. EPC augmented significantly compared with basal level after 24 h. In the iloprost group, the increase was considerable compared with the placebo group. A close negative correlation, assessed by Pearson coefficient (r), was found between HSC and EPC at T24 in the iloprost group (R = 0.82 P < 0.01). Adhesion molecules had increased levels at T6 and T24 in both groups. Moreover, a close positive correlation, assessed by Pearson coefficient, was found between EPC and adhesion molecules in both groups but the iloprost group maintained a better statistical association. Revascularization stimulated HSC and EPC release from bone marrow but at a different time: HSC increased suddenly at 6 h and diminished to a minimal amount at T24, conversely, EPC increased significantly only at T24. Iloprost treatment was able to amplify this mechanism validating recent findings (North TE et al., [31]). Adhesion molecules as markers of endothelial activation and vascular development confirmed this tendency.
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Surgery for aortic aneurysms: how to reduce tension on the anastomosis.
Perspect Vasc Surg Endovasc Ther
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We describe a simple technique we use in our institution during surgery for aortic aneurysms to reduce tension on the anastomosis when there is a discrepancy between the remnant portion of the native aorta and the vascular prosthesis.
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Involvement of the aorta in brucellosis: the forgotten, life-threatening complication. A systematic review.
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis.
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Human brucellosis is a disease of protean manifestations, and has been implicated in complications and focal disease in many human organ systems. However, little is collectively known about the background, the course, the clinical characteristics, the diagnostic issues raised, and the short- and long-term therapeutic approaches in patients with aortic involvement as a complication of brucellosis. With the aim to glean from the literature useful information to better understand and manage this complication, a computerized search without language restriction was conducted using PubMed and SCOPUS. An article was considered eligible for inclusion in the systematic review if it reported data on patients with involvement of the aorta due to a Brucella infection. The epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of 44 cases of brucellar aortic involvement found through the systematic review of the literature were analyzed together with those of two new cases that we treated in the recent past. This complication involved the ascending thoracic aorta in 18 cases (in 16 of them as a consequence of brucellar endocarditis), and the descending thoracic aorta or the abdominal aorta in the remaining 30 cases. In the latter it was associated with spondylodiscitis of the lumbar spine in 13 cases. History of or symptoms indicative of brucellosis were not universally present. Brucellar aortic involvement represents a possibly underdiagnosed and underreported complication with major morbidity and mortality potential. Experience with novel invasive therapeutic approaches remains limited. Early suspicion through detailed history and diagnosis, aided by advances in aortic imaging, would allow for better planning of therapeutic interventions.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.