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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
The sirtuin 3 expression profile is associated with pathological and clinical outcomes in colon cancer patients.
Biomed Res Int
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2014
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To investigate the correlation between Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) expression and the clinical outcome of patients with colon cancer.
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[Screening molecular markers in early breast cancer of the same pathological types but with different prognoses using Agilent gene chip].
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 10-23-2013
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To screen molecular markers in early breast cancer and establish gene subtyping-based diagnostic criteria for predicting the prognosis of early breast cancers.
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Axonal and glial responses to a mid-thoracic spinal cord hemisection in the Macaca fascicularis monkey.
J. Neurotrauma
PUBLISHED: 05-13-2013
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A comprehensive understanding of the pathology of spinal cord injury (SCI) in non-human primates may facilitate greatly the development of new strategies to promote recovery in humans with SCI. Relatively few studies, however, have been conducted to systemically examine pathological changes in the monkey, a non-human primate, after SCI. We report axonal, glial, and fibrotic responses in the spinal cord of monkey Macaca fascicularis after a thoracic (T) 8-9 lateral hemisection. We examined these changes at three regions--i.e., the lesion epicenter, the peri-lesion area, and the lateral white matter of the intact, contralateral hemicord at 7 (subacute) and 30 (early chronic) days post-injury. The lateral hemisection resulted in a marked axon and myelin loss, along with tissue loss, at the lesion epicenter at both time points. Unexpectedly, axonal loss and myelin degeneration, along with reactive gliosis and microglia/macrophages activation, were also observed in the contralateral spared hemicord, indicating a spread of the initial damage to the contralateral side. In addition, activated microglia/macrophages were found both within the injury epicenter and the peri-lesion area, indicating that they participate in injury-induced immune responses that may exacerbate the secondary damage. In contrast to rodents, substantial reactive astrocytic responses at the lesion border were not observed in the monkey. Conversely, a deposit of robust fibrotic scar was observed at the injury epicenter, which filled the space originally created by the hemisection. Thus, understanding the pathology of monkey SCI may provide clinically relevant information in designing repair strategies targeting specific problems associated with human SCIs.
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Proteolytic processing of angiopoietin-like protein 4 by proprotein convertases modulates its inhibitory effects on lipoprotein lipase activity.
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 03-12-2011
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Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) has been associated with a variety of diseases. It is known as an endogenous inhibitor of lipoprotein lipase (LPL), and it modulates lipid deposition and energy homeostasis. ANGPTL4 is cleaved by unidentified protease(s), and the biological importance of this cleavage event is not fully understood with respect to its inhibitory effect on LPL activity. Here, we show that ANGPTL4 appears on the cell surface as the full-length form, where it can be released by heparin treatment in culture and in vivo. ANGPTL4 protein is then proteolytically cleaved into several forms by proprotein convertases (PCs). Several PCs, including furin, PC5/6, paired basic amino acid-cleaving enzyme 4, and PC7, are able to cleave human ANGPTL4 at a consensus site. PC-specific inhibitors block the processing of ANGPTL4. Blockage of ANGPTL4 cleavage reduces its inhibitory effects on LPL activity and decreases its ability to raise plasma triglyceride levels. In summary, the cleavage of ANGPTL4 by these PCs modulates its inhibitory effect on LPL activity.
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Selective reduction in the sphingomyelin content of atherogenic lipoproteins inhibits their retention in murine aortas and the subsequent development of atherosclerosis.
Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 09-02-2010
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We used the sphingomyelin (SM) synthase 2 (Sms2) gene knockout (KO) approach to test our hypothesis that selectively decreasing plasma lipoprotein SM can play an important role in preventing atherosclerosis.
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Glial response and myelin clearance in areas of wallerian degeneration after spinal cord hemisection in the monkey Macaca fascicularis.
J. Neurotrauma
PUBLISHED: 05-22-2009
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Spinal cord injury (SCI) in mammals not only damages the focal area, but also leads to wallerian degeneration (WD) of axons and myelin distal to the injury. In the present study, we investigated cellular responses within areas of WD of a sensory pathway, the fasciculus gracilis, after a T8-9 lateral spinal hemisection in the adult monkey Macaca fascicularis. Spinal cord segments rostral and caudal to the injury at two clinically-relevant time points, 1 week and 4 weeks post-SCI, representing subacute and chronic stages, respectively, were examined. We observed marked axon degeneration in the areas of WD at the subacute stage, and minimal axonal neurofilament staining at the chronic stage. At the ultrastructural level, however, many degenerating axonal profiles remained at the chronic stage. Myelin breakdown was a much-delayed process. A large number of residual myelin sheaths was observed at the chronic stage. In contrast to rodents, a substantial astrogliotic response was not found in the WD regions up to 4 weeks post-injury. Microglia activation was evident in the WD areas at the subacute stage, and was enhanced at the chronic stage. However, the lack of round reactive microglia/macrophages in these regions suggests that microglial activation was either delayed or incomplete. Thus it appears that many pathological characteristics of WD in monkeys are much delayed compared to those in rodents, but are similar to those in humans. Our results suggest that non-human primate SCI models are useful for evaluating repair strategies before they are translated to clinical trials of human SCI.
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[Preliminary study on simulating sensory nerves of intestinal contents using ultrasound detecting system].
Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi
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Successful assessing intestinal lumen content with ultrasound signals might lay a strong basis for the development of the artificial anal sphincter. In the present study, we utilized a modified MLU02-212 ultrasonic gas bubble detector to test the distal part of proximal colon in each rabbit, for the group of twenty healthy New Zealand rabbits. Voltage signals of solid, liquid, gas and empty content of the lumen were collected and compared. The results indicated that there were significant differences among the voltage signals in the 4 conditions (P = 0.000), respectively. Multiple comparison showed significant differences existed in any pair of the four conditions (P = 0.000). Three signal non-overlapping regions existed in these 4 conditions. Thus it seemed that ultrasound could be utilized to distinguish various contents inside the intestinal lumen and could act as "artificial sensory nerve".
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.