Research has shown the importance of follistatin, Wnt 7a, and wound healing growth factors on the stimulation of bulge cells and inter-follicular stem cells to induce hair growth. We have studied the effects of a bioengineered, non-recombinant, human cell-derived formulation, termed Hair Stimulating Complex (HSC), containing these factors to assess its hair growth activity in male pattern baldness. HSC showed in vitro Wnt activity and contained follistatin, KGF, and VEGF. The clinical study was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized single site trial and was designed to evaluate safety of the HSC product and assess efficacy in stimulating hair growth. All 26 subjects tolerated the single, intradermal injection of HSC procedures well, and no signs of an adverse reaction were reported. Histopathological evaluation of the treatment site biopsies taken at 22 and 52 weeks post-treatment revealed no abnormal morphology, hamartomas, or other pathological responses. Trichoscan image analysis of HSC-treated sites at 12 and 52 weeks showed significant improvements in hair growth over the placebo. At the initial 12-week evaluation period, HSC-treated sites demonstrated an increase in hair shaft thickness (6.3%±2.5% vs. -0.63%±2.1%; P=0.046), thickness density (12.8%±4.5% vs. -0.2%±2.9%; P=0.028), and terminal hair density (20.6±4.9% vs. 4.4±4.9%; P=0.029). At one year, a statistically significant increase in total hair count (P=0.032) continued to be seen. These results demonstrate that a single intradermal administration of HSC improved hair growth in subjects with androgenetic alopecia and is a clinical substantiation of previous preclinical research with Wnts, follistatin, and other growth factors associated with wound healing and regeneration.
The current studys purpose was to evaluate the safety and biological effect of a scaffold-based three-dimensional human dermal fibroblast culture (3DFC, also known as Anginera™) to treat chronically ischemic canine hearts. It was hypothesized that treatment with 3DFC would be safe and significantly improve ventricular performance and wall motion. In this study, chronic myocardial ischemia was induced in 40 animals through the surgical placement of an ameroid constrictor. Approximately 30 days after ameroid placement, animals were randomized into four test groups: (1) sham treatment, (2) one unit of acellular 3DFC, (3) one unit of viable 3DFC, and (4) three units of viable 3DFC. Animals were necropsied 30 or 90 days after treatment. Evaluation of the safety endpoint demonstrated the safety of 3DFC at all dosing levels and at both time points. Additionally, parameters of cardiac output, left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular end systolic volume index, and systolic wall thickening support the conclusions that 3DFC stimulates a positive biologic effect on ischemic canine hearts. Further, these data support the conclusion that treatment with viable 3DFC improves ventricular performance and ventricular wall motion in chronically ischemic canine hearts 30 days after treatment.
There are a number of unique processes seen in the developing fetus that cease post-partum including that tumors rarely form, and scar-less wound healing and digit regeneration occur. In addition, cancer lines have been "reprogrammed" by co-culture with embryonic extracellular matrix (ECM).
Treatment of facial skin perturbed by laser resurfacing with a novel, topical hypoxic conditioned culture medium (HCCM) product results in apparent, accelerated wound recovery time. The HCCM product is conditioned by neonatal fibroblasts under hypoxic conditions and used as the active ingredient in a formulated topical lotion. The HCCM contains significant quantities of growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor, keratinocyte growth factor, and interleukin-8. As these molecules are known to play an important role in normal wound healing in vivo, we conducted a pilot clinical evaluation "Proof of Concept" in which individuals, after receiving laser resurfacing, were instructed to use either active or placebo lotion on their abraded skin.
We have previously demonstrated the increased metastatic potential of human prostate cancer circulating tumor cells (CTC), compared to their parental cells, in both orthotopic mouse models and the chick embryo model. In the current study, we asked whether an extracellular matrix (ECM), produced by human foreskin fibroblasts in culture, could inhibit PC-3 human prostate cancer CTC metastasis in the chick embryo model. The chorioallantoic membranes (CAM) of 18 chicken embryos were inoculated with either PC-3 human prostate cancer cells or PC-3 CTCs, both stably expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP). Embryos were divided into six groups: PC-3 parental-cell control; PC-3 plus soluble ECM; PC-3 parental cells plus semi-solid ECM; PC-3 CTC control; PC-3 CTC plus soluble ECM, and PC-3 CTC plus semi-solid ECM. Twelve hours following inoculation of the cells, a single dose of 100 ?l of either soluble or semi-solid ECM was added to the appropriate group. Embryo brains were removed on day 8 post-inoculation, and were processed for cryosectioning. Imaging was performed on the cryosections using a scanning laser microscope in order to count metastatic foci. PC-3 controls had an average of 11.1 metastatic foci compared to 2.55 in the PC-3 plus soluble ECM group and 2.76 (p<0.0001) in the PC-3 plus semi-solid ECM group (p<0.0001). ECM treatment had even greater efficacy on the CTC cells, with an average of 30.9 metastatic foci in the CTC controls compared to 4.38 in the CTC plus soluble ECM group (p<0.0001) and 4.18 in the CTC plus semi-solid ECM group (p<0.0001). The results demonstrate that reduction of CTC metastatic potential is possible, in this case with an ECM produced by human foreskin fibroblasts in culture.
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