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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Predictive factors for the local recurrence and distant metastasis of phyllodes tumors of the breast: a retrospective analysis of 192 cases at a single center.
Chin J Cancer
PUBLISHED: 08-08-2014
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The local recurrence rate of phyllodes tumors of the breast varies widely among different subtypes, and distant metastasis is associated with poor survival. This study aimed to identify factors that are predictive of local recurrence-free survival (LRFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), and overall survival (OS) in patients with phyllodes tumors of the breast. Clinical data of all patients with a phyllodes tumor of the breast (n = 192) treated at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between March 1997 and December 2012 were reviewed. The Pearson ?2 test was used to investigate the relationship between clinical features of patients and histotypes of tumors. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to identify factors that are predictive of LRFS, DMFS, and OS. In total, 31 (16.1%) patients developed local recurrence, and 12 (6.3%) developed distant metastasis. For the patients who developed local recurrence, the median age at the diagnosis of primary tumor was 33 years (range, 17-56 years), and the median size of primary tumor was 6.0 cm (range, 0.8-18 cm). For patients who developed distant metastasis, the median age at the diagnosis of primary tumor was 46 years (range, 24-68 years), and the median size of primary tumor was 5.0 cm (range, 0.8-18 cm). In univariate analysis, age, size, hemorrhage, and margin status were found to be predictive factors for LRFS (P = 0.009, 0.024, 0.004, and 0.001, respectively), whereas histotype, epithelial hyperplasia, margin status, and local recurrence were predictors of DMFS (P = 0.001, 0.007, 0.007, and < 0.001, respectively). In multivariate analysis, independent prognostic factors for LRFS included age [hazard ratio (HR) = 3.045, P = 0.005], tumor size (HR = 2.668, P = 0.013), histotype (HR = 1.715, P = 0.017), and margin status (HR = 4.530, P< 0.001). Histotype (DMFS: HR = 4.409, P = 0.002; OS: HR = 4.194, P = 0.003) and margin status (DMFS: HR = 2.581, P = 0.013; OS: HR = 2.507, P = 0.020) were independent predictors of both DMFS and OS. In this cohort, younger age, a larger tumor size, a higher tumor grade, and positive margins were associated with lower rates of LRFS. Histotype and margin status were found to be independent predictors of DMFS and OS.
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Reaction mechanism of homoprotocatechuate 2,3-dioxygenase with 4-nitrocatechol: implications for the role of substrate.
J Phys Chem B
PUBLISHED: 02-05-2014
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The reaction mechanism of the dioxygen activation by homoprotocatechuate 2,3-dioxygenase (HPCD) with the substrate 4-nitrocatechol was investigated by quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical calculations. Our results demonstrated that the experimentally determined side-on iron-oxygen complex in crystallo is a semiquinone substrate radical (SQ(•))-Fe(III)-hydroperoxo species, which could not act as the reactive species. In fact, the Fe(III)-superoxo species with a hydrogen bond between His200 and the proximal oxygen is the reactive oxygen species. The second-sphere His200 residue was found to play an important role in manipulating the orientation of the superoxide in the Fe-O2 adduct for the further reaction. The rate-limiting step is the attack of the superoxo group on the substrate with a barrier of 17.2 kcal/mol, in good agreement with the experimental value of 16.8 kcal/mol. The reaction mechanism was then compared with the one for HPCD with its native substrate homoprotocatechuate studied recently by the same methods, in which a hybrid SQ(•)-Fe(II)-O2(•-)/Fe(III)-O2(•-) was suggested to be the reactive species. Therefore, our studies suggested that the substrate plays important roles in the dioxygen activation by HPCD.
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Effects of chronic exposure of methomyl on the antioxidant system in liver of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus).
Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf.
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2014
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The chronic effect of methomyl on the antioxidant system in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) was investigated. Fish were exposed to sub-lethal concentrations of 0.2, 2, 20 and 200?gL(-1) for 30 days, and then transferred to methomyl-free water for 18 days. Hepatic antioxidant parameters, including Glutathione-S-transferase (GST), Glutathione peroxidase (GPx), Glutathione reductase (GR), Reduced glutathione (GSH) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG), were measured at 10min (day 0), 6, 12, 18, 24 and 30 days after starting the experiment and at 18 days after transferring to methomyl-free water. There were no significant changes in enzymatic activity and content of antioxidants in liver of tilapia exposed to 0.2?gL(-1) methomyl compared to controls. However, the results showed significant increases in activities of GST, GR, GPx and levels of GSSG accompanied by a decrease in GSH levels following methomyl exposure in tilapia to 2, 20 or 200?gL(-1) over the 30-day exposure period and the highest induction rates in GST, GR, GPx and GSSG were 150.87%, 163.21%, 189.76%, and 179.56% of the control respectively, and the highest inhibition rate in GSH was 50.67% of the control, suggesting the presence of oxidative stress. Thus it would appear that the 0.2?gL(-1) methomyl might be considered as the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL). Recovery data showed that the effects produced by lower concentration of methomyl 20?gL(-1) were reversible but not at the higher 200?gL(-1) concentration.
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Effects of chronic exposure of methomyl on the antioxidant system in kidney of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and recovery pattern.
J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Part A
PUBLISHED: 10-26-2013
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Tilapia were exposed to sublethal methomyl concentrations of 0, 0.2, 2, 20, or 200 ?g/L for 30 d, and then were transferred to methomyl-free water for 18 d. Renal antioxidant parameters, including catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione S-transferase (GST), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) , glutathione reductase (GR), total glutathione (GSH), and reduced glutathione (GSSG), were examined in tilapia at d 0, 6, 12, 18, 24, and 30 after starting the experiment and at 18 d after transferring to methomyl-free water. There were no significant changes in enzymatic activity and content of antioxidants in kidney of tilapia exposed to 0.2 ?g/L methomyl compared to controls. The results showed significant increases in SOD, CAT, GST, GR, GPx, and level of GSSG accompanied by a decrease in GSH levels following methomyl exposure in tilapia to 2, 20, or 200 ?g/L over the 30-d exposure period, suggesting the presence of oxidative stress. Thus, it would appear the 0.2 ?g/L methomyl might be considered the no-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL). Recovery data showed that the effects produced by lower concentration of methomyl at 20 ?g/L were reversible but not at the higher 200 ?g/L concentration.
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[Preliminary study on main impacting factors on brand equity of listed traditional Chinese medicine companies].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-16-2013
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The brand equity is valuable intangible assets of traditional Chinese medicine companies, who are excellent representatives of traditional Chinese medicine enterprises and the most promising ones to good international medicine brands. However, there is still no systematic study on how to correctly evaluate the brand equity of listed traditional Chinese medicine companies at present. To make it clear, the main impacting factors on brand equity of listed traditional Chinese medicine companies, both structured open outline pre-research and closed questionnaire research were adopted for the field survey, and some suggestions for how to protect and enhance the brand equity were also presented on the basis of survey and analysis, in the hope of improving the brand management level of listed traditional Chinese medicine companies, and making a beneficial exploration for the development of brand theory of the traditional Chinese medicine industry.
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The performance of thiol-terminated PEG-paclitaxel-conjugated gold nanoparticles.
Biomaterials
PUBLISHED: 08-11-2013
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A series of thiol-terminated polyethylene glycol (PEG)-paclitaxel (PTX) derivatives are designed and synthesized to fabricate PTX-conjugated gold nanoparticles (PTX@GNPs) and improve their overall performance. By extending the molecular weight of PEG from 400 to 1000 Da, the optimized water solubility of the conjugate reaches 184 mg/mL, equal to 4.6 × 10(5) times that of PTX alone (0.4 ?g/mL). High drug loading is obtained by eliminating the steric hindrance between PTX molecules on the surface of GNPs. The gold conjugate shows double simultaneous stimulation-induced drug release behavior in the presence of both esterase and high concentrations of glutathione. The synergic release characteristics of this conjugate results in significant performance improvements, including prolonged circulation due to high stability in vivo, targeted release of PTX inside tumor cells, and increased tumor cell killing efficiency. Improving the in vitro properties of the conjugate not only significantly enhances its therapeutic efficacy in a murine liver cancer model, but also allows drug-conjugated gold nanoparticles to be used as a promising nanoprodrug system in the cancer therapeutics.
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[Root architecture of two desert plants in central Hexi Corridor of Northwest China].
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 05-31-2013
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In this study, the root systems of desert plant species Reaumuria soongorica and Nitraria tangutorum in the central Hexi Corridor of Northwest China were excavated by shovel, and the characteristics of the plant root architecture were analyzed by using topology and fractal theory. The root topological indices of the two desert plants were small, and the root branching patterns were herringbone-like. The roots of the two desert plants had obvious fractal characteristics, with the fractal dimension of R. soongorica and N. tangutorum being (1.18 +/- 0.04) and (1.36 +/- 0.06), respectively. The root fractal dimension and fractal abundance were significantly positively correlated with the root average link length. The root average link lengths of the two plants were long, which enlarged the plants effective nutrition space, and thus, made the plants adapt to the dry and infertile soil environment. The sums of the root cross-sectional areas before and after the root bifurcation of the two desert plants were equal, which verified the principle of Leonardo da Vinci. A total of 17 parameters of root architecture were analyzed by the principal component analysis. The parameters of root topological structure, numbers of root links, stepwise branching ratio, and root diameter could well present the root architecture characteristics of the two desert plants.
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Glutathione-mediated drug release from Tiopronin-conjugated gold nanoparticles for acute liver injury therapy.
Int J Pharm
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2013
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Tiopronin-conjugated gold nanoparticles (TPN@GNPs), with glutathione (GSH)-responsive drug release property, were developed for acute liver injury therapy. The TPN@GNPs were prepared using a one-pot synthesis method and characterized by UV-vis and transmission electronic microscopy methods. The TPN@GNPs displayed typical surface plasmon resonance of nanogold with a narrow size distribution (ca. 2 nm). The in vitro drug release profiles of the conjugates indicated that TPN@GNPs were able to release TPN in a sustained fashion for 4 h at a simulated intracellular level of GSH. pH values or ionic strengths of the release media had no obvious influence on TPN release from the surface of nanoparticles. The pharmacokinetic studies in rats showed that the TPN@GNPs had longer MRT (7.71 h) than TPN (3.96 h), indicating sustained release pattern of TPN@GNPs in vivo. The sustained release of TPN at the relative high GSH concentration could ameliorate the instability of TPN and enable the drug release in the target cells. Although the IC50 value of TPN@GNPs with TPN/AuCl4(-) of 3:1 (mol/mol) showed slight increase in comparison with that of the free TPN in HepG2 cells (1.26±1.07 vs. 1.73±1.16 mg/mL), the TPN@GNPs displayed better effects over TPN in the treatment of acute liver injury in vivo. In a liver injury mice model induced by CCl4, the histological analysis showed both the TPN@GNPs and free TPN group could repair the liver injury. In addition, the biochemical parameters showed TPN@GNPs could reduced the aminotransferase to a lower level compared with TPN, which might be due to the sustained drug release and passive liver targeting properties of TPN@GNPs. It demonstrated that gold nanoparticle-based drug delivery system allowed smart functions and superior properties by taking advantages of the unique small size effects and surface chemical properties.
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[Construction of a melon genetic map with fruit and seed QTLs].
Yi Chuan
PUBLISHED: 12-31-2011
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A genetic map of melon was constructed using 143 F2 population developed from a cross between two distant lines Ano2 of Japan and Hami melon K413. The map contains 12 linkage groups and 142 markers, including 121 AFLPs, 16 SSRs, 3 STSs, 2 trait markers and covers 1 014.2 cM. Composite interval mapping (CIM) method was used to detect QTLs involved in melon fruit and seed traits: fruit length (FL), fruit width (FW), fruit shape (length/width, FS), centre sugar (CS), edge sugar (ES), flesh texture (FT), seed length (SL), seed width (SW), seed shape (SS), and seed weight (SW). The result showed that Flesh was located between AFLP markers NDAA and NCFA on C9. A total of 25 QTLs were detected for other traits and some QTLs were co-located with each other. The QTLs Sl5.1, Sw5.1, and Swt5.1 located on linkage C5 between NCA and N73C explained a significant portion of associated phenotypic variation (R2=17%, 19%, 23%). The allele from Ano2 obviously suppressed the length, width, and weight of melon seed; the QTLs between N73A and NFDA on C8 were involved in seed width, shape, and weight; the QTL Fs8.1 on C8 was detected using both F2 and F3 fruit data and explained a significant portion of phenotypic variation 25% and 19%. Fs8.1 showed partly dominant, and the allele from Ano2 sup-pressed elongation of fruit to form round melon. The QTLs related to centre sugar, edge sugar, and fruit texture were also detected in this research.
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Upregulation of IRS-1 expression in Goto-Kakizaki rats following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery: resolution of type 2 diabetes?
Tohoku J. Exp. Med.
PUBLISHED: 10-18-2011
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Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an endocrine disorder that is rapidly growing in prevalence within China and throughout the world. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, widely used in the treatment of obesity, has been recognized as an effective and long-term treatment for T2DM in recent years. However, the underlying mechanisms responsible for glycemic control remain unclear. This study was designed to investigate the roles of insulin receptor substrates (IRSs) in glucose tolerance and insulin resistance following RYGB surgery. Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats, a model of T2DM, were randomly allocated into three groups: RYGB surgery, sham surgery, and control (10 animals/group). Wistar rats were also used as non-diabetic control. Daily food intake, body weight, glucose and insulin were measured pre- and post-operatively. Insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) and insulin receptor substrate 2 (IRS-2) content, the main subtypes of IRSs, were measured in skeletal muscle, adipose tissue and liver using western immunoblot analyses on postoperative day 28. Following surgery, RYGB-treated rats showed markedly improved oral glucose tolerance, as judged by lower peak and area-under-the-curve glucose values (p < 0.01 vs. GK or GK sham). Improved insulin resistance was also observed in RYGB-treated rats. Western immunoblot analyses showed that IRS-1 and its phosphorylation levels were significantly increased in skeletal muscle and adipose tissues in RYGB group (p < 0.01 vs. GK or GK sham), whereas IRS-2 levels were downregulated in liver. These findings suggest that improvements in glucose tolerance and insulin resistance following RYGB surgery are associated with upregulation of IRS-1.
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[Clinicopathological characteristics of male breast cancer: analysis of 25 cases at a single institution].
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 09-28-2011
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To investigate general and clinicopathological characteristics of male breast cancer and analyzed the factors affecting the outcomes of the patients based on the data from a single institution.
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Lapatinib plus capecitabine in treating HER2-positive advanced breast cancer: efficacy, safety, and biomarker results from Chinese patients.
Chin J Cancer
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2011
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Overexpression of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) is associated with poor prognosis. This single-arm open-label trial (EGF109491; NCT00508274) was designed to confirm the efficacy and safety of lapatinib in combination with capecitabine in 52 heavily pretreated Chinese patients with HER2-positive MBC. The primary endpoint was clinical benefit rate (CBR). Secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS), time to response (TTR), duration of response (DoR), central nervous system (CNS) as first site of relapse, and safety. The results showed that there were 23 patients with partial responses and 7 patients with stable disease, resulting in a CBR of 57.7%. The median PFS was 6.34 months (95% confidence interval, 4.93-9.82 months). The median TTR and DoR were 4.07 months (range, 0.03-14.78 months) and 6.93 months (range, 1.45-9.72 months), respectively. Thirteen (25.0%) patients had new lesions as disease progression. Among them, 2 (3.8%) patients had CNS disease reported as the first relapse. The most common toxicities were palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia (59.6%), diarrhea (48.1%), rash (48.1%), hyperbilirubinemia (34.6%), and fatigue (30.8%). Exploratory analyses of oncogenic mutations of PIK3CA suggested that of 38 patients providing a tumor sample, baseline PIK3CA mutation status was not associated with CBR (P = 0.639) or PFS (P = 0.989). These data confirm that the lapatinib plus capecitabine combination is an effective and well-tolerated treatment option for Chinese women with heavily pretreated MBC, irrespective of PIK3CA status.
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Sleeve gastrectomy prevents lipoprotein receptor-1 expression in aortas of obese rats.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 03-29-2011
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To investigate the effects of sleeve gastrectomy on adipose tissue infiltration and lectin-like oxidized low density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) expression in rat aortas.
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[Neuroendocrine tumors of the kidney: report of 3 cases and review of the literature].
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 03-23-2011
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To study the biological and clinicopathological characteristics of neuroendocrine tumors of the kidney (KNETs) for improving the diagnosis and treatment of this diseases.
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Comparison of overall survival between the early use and delayed use of Trastuzumab therapy groups: a retrospective analysis of 128 patients with HER-2-positive advanced breast cancer.
Med. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 02-08-2011
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Trastuzumab has been the standard treatment in first-line treatment of HER-2-positive advanced breast cancer (H2ABC). This study explored whether the delayed and repeated use of trastuzumab could influence overall survival (OS). A total of 128 patients with H2ABC who had received at least one line of trastuzumab-based regimens were included. The primary endpoint was OS defined as from the date of first diagnosis of H2ABC to death. The median OS of initiating trastuzumab in first-line group (n = 56), in the second-line group (n = 32), and the third- or more-line group (n = 40) was 40.6 m, 39.5 m, and 38 m, respectively (P = 0.867). For patients who had received over one line of trastuzumab (n = 46), the median OS was 44 m, and for those receiving only one line (n = 67), it was 27.6 m (P = 0.059). The delayed use of trastuzumab has no negative effect on the OS of patients with H2ABC. There is a trend of improved OS over the repeated use of trastuzumab.
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Targeting Glut1-overexpressing MDA-MB-231 cells with 2-deoxy-D-g1ucose modified SPIOs.
Eur J Radiol
PUBLISHED: 02-05-2011
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Glucose transporter (Glut), a cellular transmembrane receptor, plays a key role in cell glucose metabolism and is linked to a poor prognosis in various human cancers. In this study, we prepared ?-Fe(2)O(3) NPs coated with DMSA, in which modified with 2-DG, then ?-Fe(2)O(3)@DMSA-DG NPs was constructed. The specific interactions between Glut1-overexpressing tumor cells (MDA-MB-231) and ?-Fe(2)O(3)@DMSA-DG NPs were observed using Prussian blue staining and transmission electron microscope (TEM), and found that ?-Fe(2)O(3)@DMSA-DG NPs were absorbed targetedly by the cells. Furthermore, the capacity of transporting SPIOs into tumor cells using these ?-Fe(2)O(3)@DMSA-DG NPs was evaluated with a 1.5 T clinical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner. It was found that the acquired MRI T2 signal intensity of MDA-MB-231 cells that were treated with the ?-Fe(2)O(3)@DMSA-DG NPs decreased significantly, and it was inhibited by competition with antibody of Glut1. Our results suggest that ?-Fe(2)O(3)@DMSA-DG NPs are a useful targeting to Glut1-overexpressing tumor cells in vitro and that ?-Fe(2)O(3)@DMSA-DG NPs may serve as a MRI-targeted tumor agent for better tumor imaging.
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A new, lineage specific, autoup-regulation mechanism for human glucocorticoid receptor gene expression in 697 pre-B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells.
Mol. Endocrinol.
PUBLISHED: 11-17-2010
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Glucocorticoid (GC) steroid hormones induce apoptosis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Autoup-regulation of human GC receptor (hGR) levels is associated with sensitivity to GC-mediated apoptosis. Among the major hGR promoters expressed in 697 pre-B-ALL cells (1A, 1B, 1C, and 1D), only promoters 1C and 1D are selectively activated by the hormone. Promoter 1B is unresponsive, and promoter 1A is down-regulated by dexamethasone (Dex) in 697 cells, whereas they are both up-regulated in CEM-C7 T-ALL cells. Autoup-regulation of promoter 1C and 1D in 697 cells requires sequences containing GC response units (GRUs) (1C GRU, -2915/-2956; 1D GRU, -4525/-4559) that were identified previously in CEM-C7 cells. These GRUs potentially bind GR, c-myeloblastosis (c-Myb), and E-twenty six (Ets) proteins; 697 cells express high levels of c-Myb protein, as well as the E-twenty six family protein members, PU.1 and Spi-B. Dex treatment in 697 cells elevates the expression of c-Myb and decreases levels of both Spi-B and PU.1. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays revealed the specific recruitment of GR, c-Myb, and cAMP response element-binding protein binding protein to the 1C and 1D GRUs upon Dex treatment, correlating to observed autoup-regulated activity in these two promoters. These data suggest a hormone activated, lineage-specific mechanism to control the autoup-regulation of hGR gene expression in 697 pre-B-ALL cells via steroid-mediated changes in GR coregulator expression. These findings may be helpful in understanding the mechanism that determines the sensitivity of B-ALL leukemia cells to hormone-induced apoptosis.
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Use of recombinant cell-permeable small peptides to modulate glucocorticoid sensitivity of acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells.
Biochemistry
PUBLISHED: 09-14-2010
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Glucocorticoid (GC) hormones induce apoptosis in T-cell and pre-B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells. Steroid-mediated apoptosis requires a threshold level of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) protein, and increasing the intracellular GR levels in ALL cells would augment their hormone sensitivity. A protein transduction domain (PTD) approach was used to accomplish this. We produced an HIV Tat PTD domain fusion protein (Tat-GR(554-777)) that potentially competes for the degradation of GR protein by the ubiquitin-proteasome system and should thus increase its intracellular levels by "stabilizing" the GR. We also designed a fusion peptide for the c-Myb DNA binding domain, Tat-c-Myb DBD, since the biological function of this peptide as a dominant negative inhibitor of the c-Myb protein was already known. Purified, bacterially expressed Tat-c-Myb DBD and Tat-GR(554-777) exhibited highly efficient transduction into cultured ALL cell lines including 697 (pre-B-ALL) and CEM-C7 (T-ALL) cells. As expected, the transduced Tat-c-Myb DBD peptide inhibited steroid-mediated stimulation of a GR promoter-luciferase reporter gene. Significantly, transduced Tat-GR(554-777) effectively increased intracellular GR levels in the GC-resistant T-ALL cell line, CEM-C1, and in the pre-B-ALL 697 cell line. Furthermore, transduction of Tat-GR(554-777) rendered GC-resistant CEM-C1 cells sensitive to steroid killing and further sensitized 697 cells to steroid. The use of Tat-fusion peptide transduction may eventually lead to innovative therapeutic modalities to improve the clinical response of patients suffering from T-cell and pre-B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia by increasing steroid responsiveness and perhaps converting steroid-resistant leukemia to a hormone-responsive phenotype.
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[Analysis on children timely vaccination coverage and influencing factors of 5 kinds of expanded program for immunization (EPI) vaccine in Dinghai District of Zhoushan Municipal].
Zhongguo Ji Hua Mian Yi
PUBLISHED: 06-26-2010
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To understand the timely coverage of 5 kinds of EPI vaccine in Dinghai District, including hepatitis B vaccine (HepB), bacillus calmette guerin vaccine (BCG), oral poliomyelitis attenuated live vaccine (OPV), diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus combined vaccine (DPT), measles attenuated live vaccine (MV), and to analyze the influence factors so as to formulate measures to improve the coverage.
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Three new compounds from Arnebia euchroma.
J Asian Nat Prod Res
PUBLISHED: 04-27-2010
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A new naphthoquinone dimer, arnebiabinone (1), a new phenolic compound, ethyl 9-(2,5-dihydroxyphenyl) nonanoate (2), and a new natural product, octyl ferulate (3), were isolated from the EtOH extract of dried roots of Arnebia euchroma (Royle) Johnst. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of chemical reaction and spectral analysis.
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Clinical features and survival analysis of different subtypes of patients with breast cancer brain metastases.
Chin J Cancer
PUBLISHED: 03-30-2010
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The brain is one of the most common metastatic sites of breast cancer. Brain metastases develop in 10%-15% of patients with breast cancer and are associated with poor prognosis. The purpose of this retrospective study was to analyze the clinical characteristics and survival of patients with brain metastases due to breast cancer of different subtypes and to identify the prognostic factors that affect clinical outcome.
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Synthesis, chiral resolution, and determination of novel furan lignan derivatives with potent anti-tumor activity.
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 01-18-2010
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A kind of racemic furan lignans were synthesized via a novel route, and two optical isomers were obtained through a selective hydrolization. The absolute configurations were determined by circular dichroism spectroscopy after separated through a preparative column. The different activities of isomers and the racemates were evaluated on QGY-7701 and HeLa cell lines, and compound 2c showed the best activity on QGY-7701 and HeLa cell lines with IC(50) 12 microM and 13 microM, respectively.
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[Effect of a traditional Chinese medicine compound on chronic heart failure in guinea-pigs].
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
PUBLISHED: 03-19-2009
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To investigate the effect of a traditional Chinese medicine compound (CTMC) on chronic heart failure (CHF) in guinea-pigs.
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c-Myb interacts with the glucocorticoid receptor and regulates its level in pre-B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells.
Mol. Cell. Endocrinol.
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Glucocorticoid (GC) hormones are used in the treatment of hematopoietic malignancies. When the GC binds to the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) protein, c-Myb and GR are recruited at the Glucocorticoid Response Unit in the DNA. Here we demonstrate that c-Myb interacts with the GR and that decreasing c-Myb amounts reduces the levels of GR transcripts and protein in 697 pre-B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells. Furthermore, the auto-upregulation of GR promoter 1C and promoter 1D is blunted at reduced c-Myb levels. Taken together, these data show that c-Myb is a direct, key regulator of the GR. Unexpectedly, the reduction in c-Myb levels increased the sensitivity of the cells to steroid-mediated apoptosis. This was because the reduction in c-Myb itself decreases cell viability, and the residual GR remained above the threshold needed to trigger apoptosis. These studies show the mutual importance of c-Myb and the GR in controlling survival of pre-B ALL cells.
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Comparison of clinicopathological characteristics and prognoses between bilateral and unilateral breast cancer.
J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
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The clinical significance of bilateral breast cancer is unclear and its influence on prognosis is controversial. We compared the characteristics and prognosis of bilateral breast cancer and unilateral breast cancer.
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Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, and Immunogenicity of Belatacept in Adult Kidney Transplant Recipients.
Clin Drug Investig
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Belatacept is a first-in-class, selective co-stimulation blocker recently approved for the prophylaxis of organ rejection in adult kidney transplant recipients. The objective of this study was to report the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and immunogenicity of belatacept.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.