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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Prospective study of spinal orthoses in women.
Prosthet Orthot Int
PUBLISHED: 08-19-2014
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There are not many clinical trials investigating the efficiency and compliance of using spinal orthoses in the management of osteoporosis.
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Bone disease in anorexia nervosa.
Hormones (Athens)
PUBLISHED: 04-12-2014
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Anorexia nervosa is a serious psychiatric disorder accompanied by high morbidity and mortality. It is characterized by emaciation due to self-starvation and displays a unique hormonal profile. Alterations in gonadal axis, growth hormone resistance with low insulin-like growth factor I levels, hypercortisolemia and low triiodothyronine levels are almost universally present and constitute an adaptive response to malnutrition. Bone metabolism is likewise affected resulting in low bone mineral density, reduced bone accrual and increased fracture risk. Skeletal deficits often persist even after recovery from the disease with serious implications for future skeletal health. The pathogenetic mechanisms underlying bone disease are quite complicated and treatment is a particularly challenging task.
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Effect of parathyroidectomy versus risedronate on volumetric bone mineral density and bone geometry at the tibia in postmenopausal women with primary hyperparathyroidism.
J. Bone Miner. Metab.
PUBLISHED: 04-11-2013
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The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of parathyroidectomy (PTX) versus 35 mg once-weekly (ow) risedronate administration on volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) and bone geometry at the tibia in postmenopausal women with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). Our open-label prospective observational study included 32 postmenopausal women with PHPT as the study group: 16 underwent PTX and 16 were treated with 35 mg ow risedronate for 2 years. We assessed areal BMD (aBMD) by DXA, and vBMD and bone mineral content (BMC) (cortical and trabecular area) by peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) at the tibia at baseline and at 2 years. Risedronate did not result in any significant change on vBMD and structural pQCT indices. PTX resulted in significant increase in trabecular (trab) BMC (6.44 %) and vBMD (4.64 %), with percent increase being significantly higher than risedronate (p < 0.05). At cortical sites, there was no significant change following PTX. However, the percent change in cortical (cort) vBMD was higher following PTX versus risedronate (0.39 % vs. -0.26 %, p < 0.05). In conclusion, in postmenopausal women with PHPT, PTX is superior to ow risedronate, in terms of improvement of trabecular mineralization and vBMD at the tibia, whereas the effect at cortical sites is less pronounced.
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Protective effect of Sideritis euboea extract on bone mineral density and strength of ovariectomized rats.
Menopause
PUBLISHED: 04-21-2011
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The aim of this study was to investigate the potential protective effect of Sideritis euboea extract (SID), commonly consumed as "mountain tea," on bone mineral density (BMD) and the strength of the ovariectomized (OVX) rat model of osteoporosis.
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The use of bisphosphonates in women prior to or during pregnancy and lactation.
Hormones (Athens)
PUBLISHED: 04-07-2011
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The unique pharmacokinetics of bisphosphonates (BPs) in conjunction with their use by an increasing number of women at reproductive age has raised serious concerns about their safety during pregnancy and lactation. Bisphosphonates cross the placenta. Animal studies have shown adverse effects on both the fetus and the mother, mostly at doses much higher than those commonly used in humans. Protracted parturition, maternal mortality, embryolethality, severe general underdevelopment and marked skeletal retardation of the fetuses (increased amount of diaphyseal bone trabeculae, decreased diaphyseal length), small fetal weight and abnormal tooth growth have been observed.
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Bone anabolic versus bone anticatabolic treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis.
Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 09-16-2010
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Increased bone fragility after menopause is commonly associated with accelerated bone loss and aggressive osteoclastic function. This is attributed to increased RANKL production and impaired osteoprotegerin synthesis. Fast bone loss leads to trabecular perforations, dramatic diminution of bone strength, and unexpected fractures. To avoid osteoporotic fractures, elimination of fast bone loss is recommended. Antiosteoclastic drugs, apart from estrogens, are the selective estrogen receptor modulators, calcitonins, and amino-bisphosphonates. These drugs increase bone mass by 1-5%, but reduce the relative risk of a vertebral fracture by 30-70%. Long-term exposure to bisphosphonates may be related to low bone turnover. In elderly and severe osteoporosis, antiosteoclastic regimens hardly correct the depressed osteoblastic function. Intermittent teriperatide stimulates osteoblastic function, improves bone geometry, and has an additional analgesic effect. While both anticatabolic and anabolic agents increase bone mass and decrease the risk of spinal fractures and occasionally of the fracture of the femoral neck, there are differences in the mode of their action. These pathophysiological differences are tentative therapeutic tools for the prevention of osteoporotic fractures. A fast bone loss, associated with increased biochemical markers, is the main indicator for anticatabolic agents, while impaired bone geometry, normal or low bone markers, and established bone architectural changes are in favor of the anabolic agents. Strontium ranelate combines the anticatabolic effect with an additional anabolic action.
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Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 polymorphisms are associated with bone mineral density in Greek postmenopausal women: an interaction with calcium intake.
J Am Diet Assoc
PUBLISHED: 07-16-2010
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The low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) has been shown to play a significant role in bone biology. This study aimed to assess the association of four common polymorphisms of the LRP5 gene with bone mineral density (BMD) and possible genexcalcium intake interactions in Greek postmenopausal women. For this observational cross-sectional association study, healthy postmenopausal women (N=578) were recruited (between December 2006 and January 2008) and genotyped for four polymorphisms (rs1784235, rs491347, rs4988321, and rs4988330) in the LRP5 gene. Measurements of BMD were performed and detailed medical, dietary, and anthropometric data were recorded. Student t tests and multiple linear regression models were applied after controlling for potential covariates (ie, age, weight, height, and calcium intake). None of the polymorphisms was associated with the presence of osteoporosis, fractures, and hip BMD. All polymorphisms were associated with unadjusted spine BMD, with the exception of rs4988330. Only rs4988321 was associated with adjusted spine BMD, where the presence of the A allele was associated with significantly lower spine BMD compared with the GG genotype (P=0.002). An interaction of the rs4988321 polymorphism with calcium intake (P=0.016) was found. The carriers of the A allele demonstrated significantly lower spine BMD compared to GG homozygotes (P=0.001) only in the lowest calcium intake group (<680 mg/day), whereas in the highest calcium intake group no differences were found in BMD between genotypes. These findings demonstrate that both rs4988321 polymorphism and its interaction with calcium intake are associated with BMD, whereas higher calcium intake was shown to decrease the negative effect of this polymorphism on BMD.
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The role of vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms in the bone mineral density of Greek postmenopausal women with low calcium intake.
J. Nutr. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 06-22-2010
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The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of common vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms on the bone mineral density (BMD) of Greek postmenopausal women. Healthy postmenopausal women (n=578) were recruited for the study. The BMD of the lumbar spine and hip was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry with the Lunar DPX-MD device. Assessment of dietary calcium intake was performed with multiple 24-h recalls. Genotyping was performed for the BsmI, TaqI and Cdx-2 polymorphisms of the VDR gene. The selected polymorphisms were not associated with BMD, osteoporosis or osteoporotic fractures. Stratification by calcium intake revealed that in the low calcium intake group (<680 mg/day), all polymorphisms were associated with the BMD of the lumbar spine (P<.05). After adjustment for potential covariates, BsmI and TaqI polymorphisms were associated with the presence of osteoporosis (P<.05), while the presence of the minor A allele of Cdx-2 polymorphism was associated with a lower spine BMD (P=.025). In the higher calcium intake group (>680 mg/day), no significant differences were observed within the genotypes for all polymorphisms. The VDR gene is shown to affect BMD in women with low calcium intake, while its effect is masked in women with higher calcium intake. This result underlines the significance of adequate calcium intake in postmenopausal women, given that it exerts a positive effect on BMD even in the presence of negative genetic predisposition.
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Unusual insidious spinal accessory nerve palsy: a case report.
J Med Case Rep
PUBLISHED: 05-27-2010
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Isolated spinal accessory nerve dysfunction has a major detrimental impact on the functional performance of the shoulder girdle, and is a well-documented complication of surgical procedures in the posterior triangle of the neck. To the best of our knowledge, the natural course and the most effective way of handling spontaneous spinal accessory nerve palsy has been described in only a few instances in the literature.
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Back pain during different sequential treatment regimens of teriparatide: results from EUROFORS.
Curr Med Res Opin
PUBLISHED: 05-21-2010
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To investigate changes in back pain in postmenopausal women with severe osteoporosis who received teriparatide for 24 months or switched at 12 months to raloxifene or no active treatment.
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The effects of a 30-month dietary intervention on bone mineral density: the Postmenopausal Health Study.
Br. J. Nutr.
PUBLISHED: 04-07-2010
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Low dietary Ca intake and vitamin D insufficiency have been implicated as part of the aetiology leading to osteoporosis. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of a 30-month dietary intervention that combined supplementation of dairy products fortified with Ca and vitamin D3 and lifestyle and nutrition counselling sessions on bone mineral density (BMD) of postmenopausal women. Sixty-six postmenopausal women (aged 55-65 years) were randomised into a dietary group (DG; n 35), receiving daily and for the first 12 months 1200 mg Ca and 7.5 microg vitamin D3, while for the next 18 months of intervention 1200 mg Ca and 22.5 microg vitamin D3 through fortified dairy products, and a control group (CG; n 31) receiving neither counselling nor dairy products. The DG was found to have more favourable changes in arms (P < 0.001), total spine (P = 0.001) and total body BMD (P < 0.001) compared with the CG. Furthermore, a significant increase was observed for the DG in lumbar spine BMD (0.056; 95 % CI 0.009, 0.103), which was not found to differentiate significantly compared with the change observed in the CG (P = 0.075). In conclusion, the present study showed that intakes of vitamin D of about 22.5 microg/d and of Ca close to the recommended level of 1200 mg from fortified dairy foods for 30 months, with compliance ensured by lifestyle and nutrition counselling sessions, can induce favourable changes in arms, total spine and total body BMD of postmenopausal women.
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Maisonneuve fracture without deltoid ligament disruption: a rare pattern of injury.
J Foot Ankle Surg
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2010
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The Maisonneuve fracture is considered by many to be one of the most unstable ankle injuries. We report a rare injury involving fracture of the proximal fibula in association with a posterior malleolar fracture and disruption of the anterior-inferior tibiofibular ligament, without disruption of the deltoid ligament or fracture of the medial malleolus. This report of a diagnostically challenging case highlights the importance of timely clinical and radiographic reassessment of a patient who fails to improve with initial therapy, and describes the clinical and diagnostic imaging findings of an unusual ankle injury.
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Malocclusion in aging Wistar rats.
J. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2010
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Insufficient wear of rodent incisors often results in malocclusion and rapid tooth elongation. This condition may go undetected for a prolonged time and have a negative effect on affected animals welfare. Dental overgrowth can lead to undernutrition due to chronic difficulty in feeding and may cause trauma to the surrounding tissues, potentially ultimately resulting in death. Here we describe the increased incidence of malocclusion observed during a longitudinal study of the normal growth and aging of Wistar rats. Histologic examination of the temporomandibular joint of affected animals did not reveal any inflammatory or degenerative changes. Because no environmental factor could be implicated in the condition, we considered that aging or genetic factors were responsible for its appearance. We conclude that special attention should be given to the potential appearance of malocclusion during long-term rodent studies, because its incidence may adversely affect the animals health and general wellbeing.
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Influence of neurological level of injury in bones, muscles, and fat in paraplegia.
J Rehabil Res Dev
PUBLISHED: 11-25-2009
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To investigate the influence of the neurological level of injury in bone mineral content (BMC) and mechanical properties, lean mass (LM), and fat mass (FM) among paraplegics with a similar duration of paralysis (DOP), we separated 30 paraplegics into group A (15 men, high-level paraplegia) and group B (15 men, low-level paraplegia) and compared them with group C (33 men, nondisabled). In all subjects, we measured stress-strain index (SSI) at 14% (SSI(2)) and 38% (SSI(3)) of the tibia length and the difference between them using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (XCT 3000 [Stratec Medizintechnik, Pforzheim, Germany]) and lower-limb BMC, LM, and FM (g) using whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (Norland XR-36 [Norland Medical Systems, Inc; Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin]). Bone strength parameters, BMC, and LM were statistically decreased, but we found no difference in paraplegic FM compared with group C. We found a correlation between the DOP and the difference between SSI 3 and SSI 2 in group B (r = 0.53, p = 0.03 and r = 0.5, p = 0.04, respectively). We correlated DOP with FM in group As lower limbs (r = 0.5, p = 0.05). Because of the nonsignificant DOP, the groups with paraplegia act differently in tibia mechanical properties and lower-limb body composition.
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Quantitative ultrasound of the calcaneus in greek women: normative data are different from the manufacturers normal range.
J Clin Densitom
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2009
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Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) is considered a useful method in evaluating bone status. The aim of the present study was to establish the reference data for the QUS measurements of the calcaneus in a Greek population. We measured a QUS parameter, stiffness index (SI), at the right calcaneus in 1500 women using the Achilles express Ultrasonometer (GE Lunar, Madison, WI). Participants were divided into 7 groups according to their age with a 10-yr span in each group. A progressive decline was found in the SI values after the age of 39 yr in the current study. When the SI values were compared between the age groups, high statistically significant differences were obvious, especially between 20-29 and 50- to 59-yr age groups and 60-69 and 70- to 79-yr age groups (p < 0.0005). Additionally, in the Greek normal range (GNR), the SI values of those aged 60-69 and 70-79 yr were significantly higher (81.84+/-16.14 and 77.45+/-17.65, respectively) than those in the manufacturers normal range (MNR; 75.84+/-16.14 and 69.10+/-17.65, p < 0.005, respectively). Using the manufacturers values, significantly fewer women were classified as normal (48% vs 67.3%), although those with T-score < or =-2.5 were more (15.7%) compared with our Greek value (1.5%), and classification of subjects into risk-of-fracture categories was significantly different (kappa: 0.459, 66.2%, p < 0.0005). Multiple regression analysis showed that weight was the most significant predictor for SI in the age groups 30-39 (beta = 0.280, p < 0.05), 40-49, 60-69, and 70-79 yr (beta = 0.185, p < 0.005; beta = 0.329, p < 0.0005; beta = 0.494, p<0.0005, respectively). Using conventional categories of risk, we report a different classification of our subjects from those proposed by the manufacturer, supporting the concept that data specific to the Greek population are necessary.
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Severe osteoporosis and mutation in NOTCH2 gene in a woman with Hajdu-Cheney syndrome.
Bone
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Hajdu-Cheney syndrome (HCS) is a rare genetic disorder characterised by acro-osteolysis, skull deformation and generalised osteoporosis. Recently, truncating mutations in the last exon of NOTCH2, a protein-coding gene, were found to be responsible. We present the case of a young woman with HCS in whom clinical and radiologic diagnosis was confirmed with DNA tests.
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Denosumab treatment in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis does not interfere with fracture-healing: results from the FREEDOM trial.
J Bone Joint Surg Am
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Fracture is the major complication of osteoporosis, and it allows the identification of individuals needing medical intervention for osteoporosis. After nonvertebral fracture, patients often do not receive osteoporosis medical treatment despite evidence that this treatment reduces the risk of subsequent fracture. In this pre planned analysis of the results of the three-year, placebo-controlled FREEDOM trial, we evaluated the effect of denosumab administration on fracture-healing to address theoretical concerns related to initiating or continuing denosumab therapy in patients presenting with a nonvertebral fracture.
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Hypovitaminosis D as a risk factor of subsequent vertebral fractures after kyphoplasty.
Spine J
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Over the past 20 years, methods of minimally invasive surgery have been developed for the treatment of vertebral compression fractures. Balloon kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty are associated with a recurrent fracture risk in the adjacent levels after the surgical procedure. In certain patient categories with impaired bone metabolism, the risk of subsequent fractures after kyphoplasty is increased.
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Postural profile and falls of osteoporotic women.
J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil
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1. To compare postural alignment in erect standing between osteoporotic fallers, osteoporotic non-fallers and healthy women. 2. To compare BMI, number of fractures and intensity of pain between osteoporotic fallers and non-fallers.
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Changes in parameters of bone metabolism in postmenopausal women following a 12-month intervention period using dairy products enriched with calcium, vitamin D, and phylloquinone (vitamin K(1)) or menaquinone-7 (vitamin K (2)): the Postmenopausal Health S
Calcif. Tissue Int.
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The objective of the present study was to examine the effect of dairy products enriched with calcium, vitamin D(3), and phylloquinone (vitamin K(1)) or menaquinone-7 (vitamin K(2)) on parameters of bone metabolism in postmenopausal women following a 12-month intervention. Postmenopausal women were divided into three intervention groups and a control group (CG). All three intervention groups attended biweekly sessions and received fortified dairy products providing daily 800 mg of calcium and 10 ?g of vitamin D(3) (CaD). Furthermore, in two of the three intervention groups the dairy products were also enriched with vitamin K, providing daily 100 ?g of either phylloquinone (CaDK1) or menaquinone-7 (CaDK2). The increase observed for serum 25(OH)D levels in all intervention groups and the increase observed for serum IGF-I levels in the CaDK2 group differed significantly compared to the changes observed in CG (P = 0.010 and P = 0.028, respectively). Furthermore, both the CaDK1 and CaDK2 groups had a significantly lower mean serum undercarboxylated osteocalcin to osteocalcin ratio and urine deoxypyridinoline levels at follow-up compared to the CaD and CG groups (P = 0.001 and P = 0.047, respectively). Significant increases in total-body BMD were observed in all intervention groups compared to CG (P < 0.05), while significant increases in lumbar spine BMD were observed only for CaDK1 and CaDK2 compared to CG (P < 0.05) after controlling for changes in serum 25(OH)D levels and dietary calcium intake. In conclusion, the present study revealed more favorable changes in bone metabolism and bone mass indices for the two vitamin K-supplemented groups, mainly reflected in the suppression of serum levels of bone remodeling indices and in the more positive changes in lumbar spine BMD for these two study groups.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.