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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Regulatory T-cell Subsets in Atopic Dermatitis: Important Indicators of Disease Severity with Acquired Functional Impairment.
Acta Derm. Venereol.
PUBLISHED: 06-04-2014
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Our aim was to assess whether the presence of highly active effector T-cells in atopic dermatitis (AD) is associated with changes in the number and/or function of regulatory T-cells (Tregs). Flow cytometry was utilised to determine the percentage of CD4+CD25brightCD127-/lowFOXP3+ and skin-homing CLA+CD4+CD25brightFOXP3+ Tregs in healthy controls and AD patients. The correlation between disease severity and Treg percentages was estimated. Treg suppressor activity and cell proliferation were measured after T-cell stimulation. Significantly increased percentages of Tregs were found in AD patients compared to healthy individuals, and significant correlation between the frequency of Tregs and disease severity was also detected. The otherwise normal suppressor activity of Tregs decreased in the presence of Staphylococcus enterotoxin B (SEB). In conclusion, the continuous presence of SEB can trigger an acquired functional impairment of Tregs in AD patients and the correlation between the increased frequency of Tregs and disease severity supports their important role in AD pathogenesis.
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The atopic skin-like microenvironment modulates the T-cell-polarising cytokine production of myeloid dendritic cells, as determined by laser scanning cytometry.
Exp. Dermatol.
PUBLISHED: 02-02-2014
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Because it is not known exactly when or where myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs) acquire their atopic dermatitis (AD)-specific T-cell-polarising ability in patients with this condition, we used laser scanning cytometry (LSC) to determine whether isolated peripheral blood mDCs from AD patients differed from cells from controls in their cytokine expression profiles de novo and after stimulation with Staphylococcus enterotoxin B (SEB) and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), which represents an AD-like microenvironment. Unstimulated mDCs from AD patients showed pluripotent T-cell-polarising capacity, and the surrounding skin microenvironment was essential for the distinctive, disease-specific activity of mDCs (Th2-Th22 bias). We also emphasise that LSC is an attractive technique to study the effect of new DC-targeted therapeutic modalities in AD.
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Transfection of pseudouridine-modified mRNA encoding CPD-photolyase leads to repair of DNA damage in human keratinocytes: A new approach with future therapeutic potential.
J. Photochem. Photobiol. B, Biol.
PUBLISHED: 06-26-2013
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UVB irradiation induces harmful photochemical reactions, including formation of Cyclobutane Pyrimidine Dimers (CPDs) in DNA. Accumulation of unrepaired CPD lesions causes inflammation, premature ageing and skin cancer. Photolyases are DNA repair enzymes that can rapidly restore DNA integrity in a light-dependent process called photoreactivation, but these enzymes are absent in humans. Here, we present a novel mRNA-based gene therapy method that directs synthesis of a marsupial, Potorous tridactylus, CPD-photolyase in cultured human keratinocytes. Pseudouridine was incorporated during in vitro transcription to make the mRNA non-immunogenic and highly translatable. Keratinocytes transfected with lipofectamine-complexed mRNA expressed photolyase in the nuclei for at least 2days. Exposing photolyase mRNA-transfected cells to UVB irradiation resulted in significantly less CPD in those cells that were also treated with photoreactivating light, which is required for photolyase activity. The functional photolyase also diminished other UVB-mediated effects, including induction of IL-6 and inhibition of cell proliferation. These results demonstrate that pseudouridine-containing photolyase mRNA is a powerful tool to repair UVB-induced DNA lesions. The pseudouridine-modified mRNA approach has a strong potential to discern cellular effects of CPD in UV-related cell biological studies. The mRNA-based transient expression of proteins offers a number of opportunities for future application in medicine.
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The prevalence of obesity is increased in patients with late compared with early onset psoriasis.
Ann Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 04-03-2013
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We compared the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of early and late onset psoriasis with an emphasis on potential differences in the comorbidities associated with each subtype.
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Association between serum IL-16 levels and the degree of sensitization in patients with atopic dermatitis.
Int. Arch. Allergy Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 03-29-2011
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Interleukin (IL)-16 has been characterized as an immunomodulatory cytokine. Besides its chemotactic properties, IL-16 amplifies inflammatory processes and possesses immunoregulatory functions. Our aim was to investigate the association between serum IL-16 levels and the degree of allergic sensitization in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD).
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Altered peripheral invariant natural killer T cells in atopic dermatitis.
J. Clin. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 02-24-2011
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Conflicting data exist on the number of invariant NKT (iNKT) cells in atopic dermatitis (AD); furthermore, no data have been published on their functional capacity.
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PKCdelta is a positive regulator of chondrogenesis in chicken high density micromass cell cultures.
Biochimie
PUBLISHED: 06-28-2010
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We aimed to elucidate the role of the Ca-independent PKC isoenzyme PKCdelta in the regulation of spontaneous in vitro chondrogenesis occurring in a 6-day-long culturing period in chicken limb bud-derived high density cell cultures (HDC). PKCdelta expression and activity were detectable throughout the entire culturing period with a peak on days 2 and 3, when most of the chondroblasts differentiate. To inhibit the activity of PKCdelta, either the natural compound rottlerin was transiently applied to the culture medium of HDC in 2.5, 5 or 10 ?M concentrations, or gene silencing was performed by using PKCdelta shRNA. Rottlerin significantly reduced the overall PKC activity in enzyme activity assays of cell-free samples of untreated control HDC, probably via the inhibition of PKCdelta. On the contrary, we were unable to detect any consistent change of PKC enzyme activity assayed in samples of HDC treated with rottlerin during culturing. PKCdelta gene silencing resulted in a significantly lower PKC activity. Both rottlerin and PKCdelta shRNA caused a severe reduction in cartilage formation, furthermore protein and phospho-protein levels of Sox9, the key transcription factor of chondrogenesis, were also significantly decreased. Rottlerin lowered, while PKCdelta gene silencing elevated the phosphorylation status of ERK1/2. Our data suggest that PKCdelta stimulates chondrogenesis via influencing Sox9 and ERK1/2 phosphorylation, but the inhibition of cartilage formation in the rottlerin-treated HDC is probably PKCdelta independent and rottlerin might have different effects when applied to cells or to an in vitro enzyme activity assay.
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Immunological and clinical effects of alphacalcidol in patients with psoriatic arthropathy: results of an open, follow-up pilot study.
Acta Derm. Venereol.
PUBLISHED: 03-28-2009
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The aim of this study was to describe the effect of systemic alphacalcidol (1 OH vitamin D3) treatment on clinical and immunological parameters in patients with psoriatic arthropathy. Among the 19 patients investigated, 10 were treated with 0.25 microg oral alphacalcidol twice daily for 6 months, while 9 other patients served as controls. In the peripheral blood of the treated group but not in the controls, a statistically significant decrease was observed in the percentage of CD3/CD69-positive activated and CD8-positive interferon-gamma-producing T cells and in the serum level of interferon-gamma during the first 3 months and also in the clinical activity of the disease during the whole 6-month follow-up period. Our results show that systemic alphacalcidol treatment has an immunomodulatory effect on patients with psoriatic arthropathy. This effect is manifested by a short-term temporary decrease in type 1 immune responses and a continuous decrease in disease activity.
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Inhibition of calcineurin by cyclosporine A exerts multiple effects on human melanoma cell lines HT168 and WM35.
Int. J. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 03-17-2009
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The immunosuppressant cyclosporine A (CsA) is a specific pharmacological inhibitor of calcineurin, the Ca2+-calmodulin activated phospho-Ser/Thr-specific protein phosphatase. Although calcineurin-inhibiting compounds are applied for local treatment of psoriasis or atopic dermatitis in dermatological practice, little is known about the functions of calcineurin in epidermis-derived malignancies. We investigated the effects of CsA on two human melanoma cell lines, the metastasis forming HT168 and WM35 established from an RGP primary lesion. CsA of 2 microM lowered the enzyme activity by 50% and caused elevation in both mRNA and protein expression of calcineurin. Cell proliferation was diminished, as well as the cellular morphology and the actin organization were altered in both cell lines. CsA increased cell death moderately in both cell lines and reduced the metabolic activity of HT168 cells, but not that of WM35 cells. CsA also elevated the expressions of both Bcl-2 and ERK1/2. Fibronectin guided migration of HT168 cells was stimulated under the effect of CsA, while that of WM35 cells was reduced, moreover, HT168 cells switched from the expression of beta3 to beta1 integrin, but WM35 cells continued to express beta3. Based on our results we propose a multiple, partly malignancy-dependent role of calcineurin in these melanoma cell lines.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.