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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Role of Genetic Polymorphisms in NFKB-Mediated Inflammatory Pathways in Response to Primary Chemoradiation Therapy for Rectal Cancer.
Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
PUBLISHED: 02-19-2014
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To investigate whether polymorphisms of genes related to inflammation are associated with pathologic response (primary endpoint) in patients with rectal cancer treated with primary chemoradiation therapy (PCRT).
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Regulation of Coagulation Factor XI Expression by MicroRNAs in the Human Liver.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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High levels of factor XI (FXI) increase the risk of thromboembolic disease. However, the genetic and environmental factors regulating FXI expression are still largely unknown. The aim of our study was to evaluate the regulation of FXI by microRNAs (miRNAs) in the human liver. In silico prediction yielded four miRNA candidates that might regulate FXI expression. HepG2 cells were transfected with miR-181a-5p, miR-23a-3p, miR-16-5p and miR-195-5p. We used mir-494, which was not predicted to bind to F11, as a negative control. Only miR-181a-5p caused a significant decrease both in FXI protein and F11 mRNA levels. In addition, transfection with a miR-181a-5p inhibitor in PLC/PRF/5 hepatic cells increased both the levels of F11 mRNA and extracellular FXI. Luciferase assays in human colon cancer cells deficient for Dicer (HCT-DK) demonstrated a direct interaction between miR-181a-5p and 3'untranslated region of F11. Additionally, F11 mRNA levels were inversely and significantly correlated with miR-181a-5p levels in 114 healthy livers, but not with miR-494. This study demonstrates that FXI expression is directly regulated by a specific miRNA, miR-181a-5p, in the human liver. Future studies are necessary to further investigate the potential consequences of miRNA dysregulation in pathologies involving FXI.
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Structural insights into the Ca2+ and PI(4,5)P2 binding modes of the C2 domains of rabphilin 3A and synaptotagmin 1.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
PUBLISHED: 12-03-2013
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Proteins containing C2 domains are the sensors for Ca(2+) and PI(4,5)P2 in a myriad of secretory pathways. Here, the use of a free-mounting system has enabled us to capture an intermediate state of Ca(2+) binding to the C2A domain of rabphilin 3A that suggests a different mechanism of ion interaction. We have also determined the structure of this domain in complex with PI(4,5)P2 and IP3 at resolutions of 1.75 and 1.9 Å, respectively, unveiling that the polybasic cluster formed by strands ?3-?4 is involved in the interaction with the phosphoinositides. A comparative study demonstrates that the C2A domain is highly specific for PI(4,5)P2/PI(3,4,5)P3, whereas the C2B domain cannot discriminate among any of the diphosphorylated forms. Structural comparisons between C2A domains of rabphilin 3A and synaptotagmin 1 indicated the presence of a key glutamic residue in the polybasic cluster of synaptotagmin 1 that abolishes the interaction with PI(4,5)P2. Together, these results provide a structural explanation for the ability of different C2 domains to pull plasma and vesicle membranes close together in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner and reveal how this family of proteins can use subtle structural changes to modulate their sensitivity and specificity to various cellular signals.
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Leukemic transformation driven by an ASXL1 mutation after a JAK2V617F-positive primary myelofibrosis: clonal evolution and hierarchy revealed by next-generation sequencing.
J Hematol Oncol
PUBLISHED: 09-01-2013
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We have characterized the molecular changes underlying the transformation of a JAK2V617F+-myelofibrosis with trisomy 8, into a JAK2V617F-negative leukemia. Leukemic clone did not carry JAK2V617F mutation, but showed ASXL1 mutation (R693X). This mutation was identified in a low percentage at diagnosis by next-generation sequencing. Using this technology in serial specimens during the follow-up, we observed a progressive expansion of the ASXL1-mutated minor clone, whereas the JAK2V617F+-clone carrying trisomy 8 decreased. Hematologic progression occurred simultaneously with an ASXL1-R693X-negative lung-cancer. This is the first report showing a clear association between the expansion of an ASXL1-mutated clone and the leukemic transformation of myelofibrosis.
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Association of anthracycline-related cardiac histological lesions with NADPH oxidase functional polymorphisms.
Oncologist
PUBLISHED: 04-10-2013
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Treatment with anthracyclines may cause cardiac dysfunction, but the sequence of anthracycline-induced heart lesions has been incompletely characterized. NADPH oxidase, a key mediator of oxidative cardiac damage and remodeling, modulates anthracycline clinical cardiotoxicity. Our aim was to determine which cardiac histological lesions are specifically induced by anthracycline treatment and to investigate the role of NADPH functional genetic polymorphisms in their development.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.