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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Effects of high-intensity circuit training, low-intensity circuit training and endurance training on blood pressure and lipoproteins in middle-aged overweight men.
Lipids Health Dis
PUBLISHED: 07-27-2013
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The aim of this study was to determine the physiological effects of an high-intensity circuit training (HICT) on several cardiovascular disease risk factors in healthy, overweight middle-aged subjects, and to compare the effects of HICT to traditional endurance training (ET) and low-intensity circuit training (LICT).
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Sports massage with ozonised oil or non-ozonised oil: Comparative effects on recovery parameters after maximal effort in cyclists.
Phys Ther Sport
PUBLISHED: 04-24-2013
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To study the effects of passive rest (PR) and sports massage with (SMOZO) and without (SM) ozonised oil on sports performance psycho-physiological indices in competitive amateur cyclists after 3 pre-fatiguing Wingate cycle and post-recovery ramp tests.
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Comparative evaluation of two skiing simulators as functional training devices for recreational skiers.
J Sports Sci Med
PUBLISHED: 03-01-2013
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The aims of this study were to examine two ski simulators, Skimagic and Skiers Edge, and to evaluate their efficacy as functional training devices for skiers. Vertical ground reaction forces, knee flexion angle kinematics and muscles activity were recorded on these devices and compared with those measured in similar condition while skiing on snow. Five ski instructors performed three randomized testing sessions (snow, Skimagic and Skiers Edge). During the testing sessions, vertical ground reaction forces were recorded by means of pressure insoles in synchronisation with a portable data logger that collected values of knee flexion-extension and EMG activation of rectus femoris and vastus medialis. EMG activations and ground reaction forces measured while skiing on simulators were lower than on snow. Although less overall EMG activation was present on the simulators, the pattern of EMG activity was closer to real snow on Skimagic than on Skiers Edge. Results of the present study suggested that the two devices are not effectively applicable for strength training. However, based on the recorded EMG patterns, the Skimagic treadmill is potentially suitable to act as a functional training device for recreational skiers provided that an increase of speed and slope on Skimagic could induce a closer matching of the studied biomechanical parameters with the snow skiing conditions. Key pointsEMG activation and ground reaction forces were lower on both simulators with respect to snow.Both simulators were not able to provide an effective contribution to strength development for skiers.In term of functional training Skiers Edge showed a predominance of concentric action over eccentric which is in contrast with competitive skiing.Skimagic treadmill could be potentially suitable to act as a functional training device for recreational skiers only if an increase of speed and slope will induce a closer matching of the studied biomechanical parameters with the snow skiing conditions.
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Exercising fasting or fed to enhance fat loss? Influence of food intake on respiratory ratio and excess postexercise oxygen consumption after a bout of endurance training.
Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2011
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Exercise and nutrition are often used in combination to lose body fat and reduce weight. In this respect, exercise programs are as important as correct nutrition. Several issues are still controversial in this field, and among them there are contrasting reports on whether training in a fasting condition can enhance weight loss by stimulating lipolytic activity. The authors purpose was to verify differences in fat metabolism during training in fasting or feeding conditions. They compared the effect on oxygen consumption (VO2) and substrate utilization, estimated by the respiratory-exchange ratio (RER), in 8 healthy young men who performed the same moderate-intensity training session (36 min of cardiovascular training on treadmill at 65% maximum heart rate) in the morning in 2 tests in random sequence: FST test (fasting condition) without any food intake or FED test (feeding condition) after breakfast. In both cases, the same total amount and quality of food was assumed in the 24 hr after the training session. The breakfast, per se, increased both VO2 and RER significantly (4.21 vs. 3.74 and 0.96 vs. 0.84, respectively). Twelve hours after the training session, VO2 was still higher in the FED test, whereas RER was significantly lower in the FED test, indicating greater lipid utilization. The difference was still significant 24 hr after exercise. The authors conclude that when moderate endurance exercise is done to lose body fat, fasting before exercise does not enhance lipid utilization; rather, physical activity after a light meal is advisable.
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Influence of different ranges of motion on selective recruitment of shoulder muscles in the sitting military press: an electromyographic study.
J Strength Cond Res
PUBLISHED: 05-29-2010
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Popular fitness literature suggests that varying the elbow range of motion (ROM) during the Military press can lead up to specific muscle isolation especially for deltoid and trapezius muscles. The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of ROM at different loads on the electromyographic (EMG) activity of 8 preselected muscles. Six experienced lifters performed 3 sets of 10 repetitions, each one with a different ROM: the first one with a final elbow angle of 90 degrees (R1); the second with 135 degrees (R2), and the last one with a final elbow angle of 180 degrees (R3). Three resistances were chosen (no load, 30% of one repetition maximum [1-RM], and 70% of 1-RM), and sets were separated by 5 minutes rest. Electromyographic surface electrodes were placed on the clavicular head of pectoralis major, anterior deltoid, medial deltoid (MD), posterior deltoid (PD), upper trapezius, middle trapezius (MT), long head of triceps, and teres minor (TM). Analysis of variance showed a significant increase of rmsEMG activation with the widest ROM for each muscle and for each load condition except in MT and TM and PD with no load. The results showed that the use of the widest ROM increased the EMG activity of all the muscles selected with respect to the closest one, whereas this effect is not totally confirmed with the employment of R2. In addition, the use of intermediate ROMs was able to isolate the activity of the MD with respect to the trapezius only in the condition of the heaviest load. This suggests to coaches that in strength development programs the employment of an incomplete ROM can reduce the involvement of the trapezius without decreasing medium deltoid activation only with heavy loads.
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The effect of stance width on the electromyographical activity of eight superficial thigh muscles during back squat with different bar loads.
J Strength Cond Res
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2009
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Many strength trainers believe that varying the stance width during the back squat can target specific muscles of the thigh. The aim of the present work was to test this theory measuring the activation of 8 thigh muscles while performing back squats at 3 stance widths and with 3 different bar loads. Six experienced lifters performed 3 sets of 10 repetitions of squats, each one with a different stance width, using 3 resistances: no load, 30% of 1-repetition maximum (1RM), and 70% 1RM. Sets were separated by 6 minutes of rest. Electromyographic (EMG) surface electrodes were placed on the vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, rectus femoris, semitendinosus, biceps femoris, gluteus maximus, gluteus medium, and adductor maior. Analysis of variance and Scheffè post hoc tests indicated a significant difference in EMG activity only for the gluteus maximus; in particular, there was a higher electrical activity of this muscle when back squats were performed at the maximum stance widths at 0 and 70% 1RM. There were no significant differences concerning the EMG activity of the other analyzed muscles. These findings suggest that a large width is necessary for a greater activation of the gluteus maximus during back squats.
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High-Intensity Interval Resistance Training (HIRT) influences resting energy expenditure and respiratory ratio in non-dieting individuals.
J Transl Med
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The benefits of exercise are well established but one major barrier for many is time. It has been proposed that short period resistance training (RT) could play a role in weight control by increasing resting energy expenditure (REE) but the effects of different kinds of RT has not been widely reported.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.