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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
[Evaluation study of the implementation of WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in seven provinces/municipalities in China].
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-16-2014
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To assess the implementation of World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) by organizations in seven provinces/municipalities in China.
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Global, regional, and national levels of neonatal, infant, and under-5 mortality during 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013.
Haidong Wang, Chelsea A Liddell, Matthew M Coates, Meghan D Mooney, Carly E Levitz, Austin E Schumacher, Henry Apfel, Marissa Iannarone, Bryan Phillips, Katherine T Lofgren, Logan Sandar, Rob E Dorrington, Ivo Rakovac, Troy A Jacobs, Xiaofeng Liang, Maigeng Zhou, Jun Zhu, Gonghuan Yang, Yanping Wang, Shiwei Liu, Yichong Li, Ayse Abbasoglu Ozgoren, Semaw Ferede Abera, Ibrahim Abubakar, Tom Achoki, Ademola Adelekan, Zanfina Ademi, Zewdie Aderaw Alemu, Peter J Allen, Mohammad AbdulAziz AlMazroa, Elena Alvarez, Adansi A Amankwaa, Azmeraw T Amare, Walid Ammar, Palwasha Anwari, Solveig Argeseanu Cunningham, Majed Masoud Asad, Reza Assadi, Amitava Banerjee, Sanjay Basu, Neeraj Bedi, Tolesa Bekele, Michelle L Bell, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Jed D Blore, Berrak Bora Basara, Soufiane Boufous, Nicholas Breitborde, Nigel G Bruce, Linh Ngoc Bui, Jonathan R Carapetis, Rosario Cárdenas, David O Carpenter, Valeria Caso, Ruben Estanislao Castro, Ferrán Catalá-López, Alanur Cavlin, Xuan Che, Peggy Pei-Chia Chiang, Rajiv Chowdhury, Costas A Christophi, Ting-Wu Chuang, Massimo Cirillo, Iuri da Costa Leite, Karen J Courville, Lalit Dandona, Rakhi Dandona, Adrian Davis, Anand Dayama, Kebede Deribe, Samath D Dharmaratne, Mukesh K Dherani, Ugur Dilmen, Eric L Ding, Karen M Edmond, Sergei Petrovich Ermakov, Farshad Farzadfar, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Daniel Obadare Fijabi, Nataliya Foigt, Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Ana C Garcia, Johanna M Geleijnse, Bradford D Gessner, Ketevan Goginashvili, Philimon Gona, Atsushi Goto, Hebe N Gouda, Mark A Green, Karen Fern Greenwell, Harish Chander Gugnani, Rahul Gupta, Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Mouhanad Hammami, Hilda L Harb, Simon Hay, Mohammad T Hedayati, H Dean Hosgood, Damian G Hoy, Bulat T Idrisov, Farhad Islami, Samaya Ismayilova, Vivekanand Jha, Guohong Jiang, Jost B Jonas, Knud Juel, Edmond Kato Kabagambe, Dhruv S Kazi, André Pascal Kengne, Maia Kereselidze, Yousef Saleh Khader, Shams Eldin Ali Hassan Khalifa, Young-Ho Khang, Daniel Kim, Yohannes Kinfu, Jonas M Kinge, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Soewarta Kosen, Barthélemy Kuate Defo, G Anil Kumar, Kaushalendra Kumar, Ravi B Kumar, Taavi Lai, Qing Lan, Anders Larsson, Jong-Tae Lee, Mall Leinsalu, Stephen S Lim, Steven E Lipshultz, Giancarlo Logroscino, Paulo A Lotufo, Raimundas Lunevicius, Ronan Anthony Lyons, Stefan Ma, Abbas Ali Mahdi, Melvin Barrientos Marzan, Mohammad Taufiq Mashal, Tasara T Mazorodze, John J McGrath, Ziad A Memish, Walter Mendoza, George A Mensah, Atte Meretoja, Ted R Miller, Edward J Mills, Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad, Ali H Mokdad, Lorenzo Monasta, Marcella Montico, Ami R Moore, Joanna Moschandreas, William T Msemburi, Ulrich O Mueller, Magdalena M Muszyńska, Mohsen Naghavi, Kovin S Naidoo, K M Venkat Narayan, Chakib Nejjari, Marie Ng, Jean de Dieu Ngirabega, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Luke Nyakarahuka, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Saad B Omer, Angel J Paternina Caicedo, Victoria Pillay-van Wyk, Dan Pope, Farshad Pourmalek, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Sajjad U R Rahman, Saleem M Rana, Robert Quentin Reilly, David Rojas-Rueda, Luca Ronfani, Lesley Rushton, Mohammad Yahya Saeedi, Joshua A Salomon, Uchechukwu Sampson, Itamar S Santos, Monika Sawhney, Jürgen C Schmidt, Marina Shakh-Nazarova, Jun She, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Kenji Shibuya, Hwashin Hyun Shin, Kawkab Shishani, Ivy Shiue, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir, Jasvinder A Singh, Vegard Skirbekk, Karen Sliwa, Sergey S Soshnikov, Luciano A Sposato, Vasiliki Kalliopi Stathopoulou, Konstantinos Stroumpoulis, Karen M Tabb, Roberto Tchio Talongwa, Carolina Maria Teixeira, Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi, Alan J Thomson, Andrew L Thorne-Lyman, Hideaki Toyoshima, Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene, Parfait Uwaliraye, Selen Begüm Uzun, Tommi J Vasankari, Ana Maria Nogales Vasconcelos, Vasiliy Victorovich Vlassov, Stein Emil Vollset, Stephen Waller, Xia Wan, Scott Weichenthal, Elisabete Weiderpass, Robert G Weintraub, Ronny Westerman, James D Wilkinson, Hywel C Williams, Yang C Yang, Gokalp Kadri Yentur, Paul Yip, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Kim Yun Jin, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Shankuan Zhu, Theo Vos, Alan D Lopez, Christopher J L Murray.
Lancet
PUBLISHED: 05-02-2014
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Remarkable financial and political efforts have been focused on the reduction of child mortality during the past few decades. Timely measurements of levels and trends in under-5 mortality are important to assess progress towards the Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4) target of reduction of child mortality by two thirds from 1990 to 2015, and to identify models of success.
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Perceived discrimination and smoking among rural-to-urban migrant women in China.
J Immigr Minor Health
PUBLISHED: 12-16-2013
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Smoking may be a coping mechanism for psychosocial stress caused by discrimination. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of rural-to-urban migrant women working as restaurant/hotel workers (RHWs) and those working as sex workers (FSWs) in 10 Chinese cities to investigate whether perceived discrimination is associated with smoking. We interviewed RHWs at medical examination clinics and FSWs at entertainment venues. Modified Poisson regression was used to estimate prevalence ratios. Of the 1,696 RHWs and 532 FSWs enrolled, 155 (9.1%) and 63 (11.8%) reported perceived discrimination, respectively. Perceived discrimination was independently associated with ever tried smoking (prevalence ratio [PR], 1.71; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.31-2.23) and current smoking (PR, 2.52; 95% CI, 1.32-4.79) among RHWs and ever tried smoking (PR, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.16-1.61) and current smoking (PR, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.28-2.06) among FSWs. Perceived discrimination is associated with higher prevalence of smoking among rural-to-urban migrant women in China.
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Peak flow as a predictor of cause-specific mortality in China: results from a 15-year prospective study of ~170,000 men.
Int J Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 08-07-2013
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Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) is inversely associated with mortality in Western populations, but few studies have assessed the associations of peak expiratory flow (PEF) with subsequent cause-specific mortality, or have used populations in developing countries, including China, for such assessments.
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Acceptability and adoption of handheld computer data collection for public health research in China: a case study.
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak
PUBLISHED: 06-20-2013
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Handheld computers for data collection (HCDC) and management have become increasingly common in health research. However, current knowledge about the use of HCDC in health research in China is very limited. In this study, we administered a survey to a hard-to-reach population in China using HCDC and assessed the acceptability and adoption of HCDC in China.
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Development of policy performance indicators to assess the implementation of protection from exposure to secondhand smoke in China.
Tob Control
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2013
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To develop an approach for rapid assessment of tobacco control interventions in China. We examined the correlation between components of the Strength of Tobacco Control (SOTC) index and a proposed rapid evaluation indicator, the Policy Performance Indicator (PPI), which is based on protection of non-smokers from secondhand smoke (SHS). The PPI was used to assess the implementation of policies related to SHS at the provincial/municipal level in China.
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Rapid health transition in China, 1990-2010: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010.
Lancet
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2013
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China has undergone rapid demographic and epidemiological changes in the past few decades, including striking declines in fertility and child mortality and increases in life expectancy at birth. Popular discontent with the health system has led to major reforms. To help inform these reforms, we did a comprehensive assessment of disease burden in China, how it changed between 1990 and 2010, and how Chinas health burden compares with other nations.
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The value of research as a component of successful tobacco control in China.
Tob Control
PUBLISHED: 05-22-2013
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Research has been shown to be a critical component of successful national tobacco control programmes. China currently has a small number of dedicated researchers addressing tobacco use and control. We encourage the growth of tobacco research as an academic and governmental field of inquiry. Such research would include multiple foci: biologic and toxicologic, epidemiologic, economic, health promotion, evaluation, policy and regulatory, and legal. Developing a community of tobacco researchers would elevate the tobacco issue on the public policy agenda, encourage transparency among key stakeholders and better identify strategies of tobacco control that could be effective in the Chinese context.
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Marketing less harmful, low-tar cigarettes is a key strategy of the industry to counter tobacco control in China.
Tob Control
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2013
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While the low-tar scheme has been widely recognised as a misleading tactic used by the tobacco industry to deceive the public about the true risks of cigarette smoking, a similar campaign using the slogan of less harmful, low tar was launched by the Chinese tobacco industry, that is, State Tobacco Monopoly Administration/China National Tobacco Corporation and began to gain traction during the last decade. Despite the fact that no sufficient research evidence supports the claims made by the industry that these cigarettes are safer, the Chinese tobacco industry has continued to promote them using various health claims. As a result, the production and sales of less harmful, low-tar cigarettes have increased dramatically since 2000. Recently, a tobacco industry senior researcher, whose main research area is less harmful, low-tar cigarettes, was elected as an Academician to the prestigious Chinese Academy of Engineering for his contribution to developing less harmful, low-tar cigarettes. The tobacco researchers election caused an outcry from the tobacco control community and the general public in China. This paper discusses the Chinese tobacco industrys less harmful, low-tar initiatives and calls for the Chinese government to stop the execution of this deceptive strategy for tobacco marketing.
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Dissolved microcystins in surface and ground waters in regions with high cancer incidence in the Huai River Basin of China.
Chemosphere
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2013
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Microcystins (MCs) are potent hepatotoxins and have also implicated in liver tumor promotion. The present study investigates the temporal and spatial variations of MCs in different water bodies in the Huai River Basin in China. Water samples including rivers, ponds and wells were collected every quarter during December 2008 and December 2009. MCs were determined by high pressure liquid chromatography after solid phase extraction. MCs concentrations in river samples were 0.741±0.623?gL(-1) with maximum of 1.846?gL(-1). MCs in pond were 0.597±0.960?gL(-1) with maximum of 2.298?gL(-1). MCs were also detected in 51.7% of the groundwater samples, MCs in groundwater were 0.060±0.085?gL(-1) with maximum of 0.446?gL(-1). MCs concentrations in groundwater did not differ significantly among different depths or towns (Wilcoxon test, p>0.05). The average MCs in groundwater in each sampling period were 0.068?gL(-1), 0.118?gL(-1), 0.052?gL(-1), 0.059?gL(-1) and 0.020?gL(-1). Through multi linear regression, the best fit model was built on MCs in groundwater with River B (R(2)=0.13, p<0.05), rather than with pond water. The results suggested that MCs contamination in groundwater originated from rivers, causing potential health risk on population who drink groundwater directly.
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Conflict of interest and FCTC implementation in China.
Tob Control
PUBLISHED: 06-14-2011
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To critically review the structure of tobacco control policy making in China, examine conflicts of interest within this structure, and consider how these affected the introduction of on-pack warnings.
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[Eutrophication of water bodies and pollutions of microcystins in water and sediments in X County in the Huai River Basin].
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu
PUBLISHED: 05-13-2011
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The purpose of the study is to investigate the status of eutrophication, the polluted situation of algae and microcystins in different water bodies of X County in the Huai River Basin.
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Smoking among young rural to urban migrant women in China: a cross-sectional survey.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 03-17-2011
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Rural-to-urban migrant women may be vulnerable to smoking initiation as they are newly exposed to risk factors in the urban environment. We sought to identify correlates of smoking among rural-to-urban migrant women in China.
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Epidemiologic application of verbal autopsy to investigate the high occurrence of cancer along Huai River Basin, China.
Popul Health Metr
PUBLISHED: 03-14-2011
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In 2004, the media repeatedly reported water pollution and "cancer villages" along the Huai River in China. Due to the lack of death records for more than 30 years, a retrospective survey of causes of death using verbal autopsy was carried out to investigate cancer rates in this area.
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Workplace smoking restrictions in China: results from a six county survey.
Tob Control
PUBLISHED: 08-25-2010
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To determine the coverage of smoking restriction policies in indoor workplaces in China and to assess the relationships between these restrictive policies and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and smoking behaviours.
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Body mass index and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-related mortality: a nationally representative prospective study of 220,000 men in China.
Int J Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 04-16-2010
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Low body mass index (BMI) is associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in populations where many are overweight. Substantial uncertainty remains about the relationship in populations with lower mean BMI levels, and about the relevance to it of the effects of smoking or of reverse causality.
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Chinese "herbal" cigarettes are as carcinogenic and addictive as regular cigarettes.
Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev.
PUBLISHED: 12-05-2009
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To examine the Chinese tobacco industrys claim that herbal cigarettes are less harmful than regular cigarettes.
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Smoking among rural and urban young women in China.
Tob Control
PUBLISHED: 10-11-2009
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A survey of 11 095 urban and rural women attending high school or college, aged 14-24 years, in 6 Chinese provinces was conducted. Ever-smoking (ES), current smoking, established smoking and intention to smoke frequencies were calculated. Bivariate analyses were conducted to identify possible correlates of smoking, and those found to be significant at the p=0.1 level were included in a multivariate logistical regression model to obtain adjusted OR for correlates of ES.
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Body mass index and mortality from lung cancer in smokers and nonsmokers: a nationally representative prospective study of 220,000 men in China.
Int. J. Cancer
PUBLISHED: 07-09-2009
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Low body mass index (BMI) has been associated with increased risk of lung cancer. However, the nature of the association, especially in populations with relatively low BMI, is less well characterized, as is the relevance to it of smoking. A nationally representative prospective cohort study included 217,180 Chinese men aged 40-79 years in 1990-91 who had no prior history of cancer and were followed up for 15 years. Standardized hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated for lung cancer mortality by baseline BMI. The mean baseline BMI was 21.7 kg/m(2), and 2,145 lung cancer deaths were recorded during 15 years of follow-up. The prevalence of smoking was strongly inversely associated with BMI, but no apparent relationship was seen between amount smoked (or other measures of smoking intensity) and BMI among smokers. Overall there was a strong inverse association between BMI and lung cancer mortality (p < 0.0001 for trend) after excluding the first 3 years of follow-up. This association appeared to be confined mainly to current smokers, with no apparent relationship in nonsmokers (p < 0.001 for difference between slopes). Among current smokers, the inverse association appeared to be log-linear, with each 5 kg/m(2) lower BMI associated with a 35% (95% confidence interval: 24-46%; p < 0.0001) higher lung cancer mortality, and it persisted after excluding those who had reported poor health status or history of any disease or respiratory symptoms at baseline. In this relatively lean Chinese male population, low BMI was strongly associated with increased risk of lung cancer only among current smokers.
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Cohort Profile: The China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS).
Int J Epidemiol
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The China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) is a nationally representative longitudinal survey of persons in China 45 years of age or older and their spouses, including assessments of social, economic, and health circumstances of community-residents. CHARLS examines health and economic adjustments to rapid ageing of the population in China. The national baseline survey for the study was conducted between June 2011 and March 2012 and involved 17 708 respondents. CHARLS respondents are followed every 2 years, using a face-to-face computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI). Physical measurements are made at every 2-year follow-up, and blood sample collection is done once in every two follow-up periods. A pilot survey for CHARLS was conducted in two provinces of China in 2008, on 2685 individuals, who were resurveyed in 2012. To ensure the adoption of best practices and international comparability of results, CHARLS was harmonized with leading international research studies in the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) model. Requests for collaborations should be directed to Dr Yaohui Zhao (yhzhao@nsd.edu.cn). All data in CHARLS are maintained at the National School of Development of Peking University and will be accessible to researchers around the world at the study website. The 2008 pilot data for CHARLS are available at: http://charls.ccer.edu.cn/charls/. National baseline data for the study are expected to be released in January 2013.
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Prenatal secondhand smoke exposure and infant birth weight in China.
Int J Environ Res Public Health
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Epidemiologic evidence provides some support for a causal association between maternal secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure during pregnancy and reduction in infant birth weight. The purpose of this cross-sectional study is to examine the magnitude of this association in China, where both prevalence and dose of SHS exposure are thought to be higher than in U.S. populations. Women who gave birth in Beijing and Changchun September 2000-November 2001 were interviewed to quantify self-reported prenatal SHS exposure. Their medical records were reviewed for data on pregnancy complications and birth outcomes. Non-smoking women who delivered term babies (?37 weeks gestation) were included in the study (N = 2,770). Nearly a quarter of the women (24%) reported daily SHS exposure, 47% reported no prenatal exposure, and 75% denied any SHS exposure from the husband smoking at home. Overall, no deficit in mean birth weight was observed with exposure from all sources of SHS combined (+11 grams, 95% CI: +2, +21). Infants had higher mean birth weights among the exposed than the unexposed for all measures of SHS exposure. Future studies on SHS exposure and infant birth weight in China should emphasize more objective measures of exposure to quantify and account for any exposure misclassification.
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Alcohol drinking and overall and cause-specific mortality in China: nationally representative prospective study of 220,000 men with 15 years of follow-up.
Int J Epidemiol
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Regular alcohol drinking contributes both favourably and adversely to health in the Western populations, but its effects on overall and cause-specific mortality in China are still poorly understood.
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Body mass index and mortality in China: a 15-year prospective study of 220 000 men.
Int J Epidemiol
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In China, there have been few large prospective studies of the associations of body mass index (BMI) with overall and cause-specific mortality that have simultaneously controlled for biases that can be caused by pre-existing disease and smoking.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.