Radiolabeled PEGylated liposomal nanoparticles (NPs) open new possibilities for a variety of applications including diagnosis, drug delivery, targeted therapy, and monitoring treatment effects. Here we describe the characterization of liposomal NPs (liposomes and micelles) derivatized with the somatostatin analogue tyrosine-3-octreotide as a proof of concept for tumor targeting. NPs were radiolabeled with indium-111, and targeting properties were evaluated in vitro on rat pancreatic tumor cells (AR42J), demonstrating specific binding and IC(50) values in the low nanomolar range. Biodistribution studies were performed in Lewis rats and compared to single-photon emission computed tomography images. Moderate tumor uptake was found in xenografted nude mice (<2.5% ID/g tissue) as compared to control. Micelles and liposomes revealed comparable pharmacokinetics and targeting properties. This study provides insight into tumor-targeting characteristics of peptide-derivatized liposomal NPs and can serve as a basis for further improvement of these constructs.
Liposomes have been proposed to be a means of selectively targeting cancer sites for diagnostic and therapeutic applications. The focus of this work was the evaluation of radiolabeled PEGylated liposomes derivatized with varying amounts of a cyclic arginyl-glycyl-aspartic acid (RGD) peptide. RGD peptides are known to bind to ?(v)?(3) integrin receptors overexpressed during tumor-induced angiogenesis.
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