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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Expression and Function of GSTA1 in Lung Cancer Cells.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 11-07-2014
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Glutathione S-transferase A1 (GSTA1) appears to be primarily involved in detoxification processes, but possible roles in lung cancer remain unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the expression and function of GSTA1 in lung cancer cells. Real-time PCR and Western blotting were performed to assess expression in cancer cell lines and the normal lung cells, then verify the A549 cells line with stable overexpression. Localization of GSTA1 proteins was assessed by cytoimmunofluorescence. Three double-strand DNA oligoRNAs (SiRNAs) were synthesized prior to being transfected into A549 cells with Lipofectamine 2000, and then the most efficient SiRNA was selected. Expression of the GSTA1 gene in the transfected cells was determined by real-time PCR and Western blotting. The viability of the transfected cells were assessed by MTT. Results showed that the mRNA and protein expression of A549 cancer cells was higher than in MRC-5 normal cells. Cytoimmunofluorescence demonstrated GSTA1 localization in the cell cytoplasm and/or membranes. Transfection into A549 cells demonstrated that down-regulated expression could inhibit cell viability. Our data indicated that GSTA1 expression may be a target molecule in early diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer.
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Asymmetric Hydrogenation via Capture of Active Intermediates Generated from Aza-Pinacol Rearrangement.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
PUBLISHED: 11-03-2014
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An efficient palladium-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation via capture of an active intermediate generated in situ from acid-catalyzed aza-Pinacol rearrangement has been successfully developed, providing efficient access to chiral exocyclic amines with up to 98% ee. Three-, four-, and five-membered cyclic N-sulfonyl amino alcohols are viable substrates. This study opens a new window to the application of asymmetric hydrogenation.
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[Study on phase-matching of four-wave mixing spectrum in photonic crystal fiber].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 11-01-2014
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In the present paper, the four-wave mixing principle of fiber was analyzed, and the high-gain phase-matching conditions were shown. The nonlinear coefficient and dispersion characteristics of photonic crystal fibers were calculated by multipole method. The phase mismatch characteristics of fibers with multiple zero-dispersion wavelengths were analyzed for the first time. The changing rules of phase matching wavelength with the pump wavelength and the pump power were obtained, and the phase matching curves were shown. The characteristics of phase matching wavelengths for different dispersion curves were analyzed. There are four new excitation wavelengths of four-wave mixing spectrum in two zero-dispersion wavelength photonic crystal fiers. Four-wave mixing spectroscopy of photonic crystal fibers with two zero-dispersion wavelengths was obtained in the experi-ent, which is consistent with the theoretical analysis, and verified the reliability of the phase matching theory. The fiber with multiple zero-dispersion wavelengths can create a ricbhphase-matching topology, excite more four-wave mixing wavelengths, ena-ling enhanced control over the spectral locations of the four-wave mixing and resonant-radiation bands emitted by solitons and short pulses. These provide theoretical guidance for photonic crystal fiber wavelength conversion and supercontinoum generation based on four-wave mixing.
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Quercetin-3-O-?-D-glucopyranosyl-(4?1)-?-L-rhamnoside metabolites in the rat using UPLC-Q-TOF/MS.
Chin J Nat Med
PUBLISHED: 09-30-2014
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Ultraperformance liquid chromatography/quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS) and the Metabolynx™ software, combined with mass defect filtering, were applied to identity the metabolites of quercetin-3-O-?-D-gluco-pyranosyl-(4?1)-?-L-rhamnoside (QGR) in rats after intravenous administration. MS(E) was used for simultaneous acquisition of precursor ion information and fragment ion data at high and low collision energy in one analytical run, which facilitated the rapid structural characterization of eight metabolites in rat plasma, urine and bile. The results indicated that methylation and glucuronidation were the major metabolic pathways of QGR in vivo. The present study provided important information about the metabolism of QGR which will be useful for fully understanding the mechanism of action of this compound. Furthermore, this work demonstrated the potential of the UPLC-Q-TOF/MS approach using Metabolynx for rapid and automated research of the metabolites of natural products.
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[Comparison on polysaccharide content and PMP-HPLC fingerprints of polysaccharide in stems and leaves of Dendrobium officinale].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-11-2014
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In order to provide scientific basics for exploitation and sufficient application of Dendrobium officinale leaves resources, the phenol-sulfuric acid method was applied to determine the polysaccharide content. The monosaccharides were derivated by PMP and the derivatives were identified by HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS(n) and the contents of mannose and glucose were determined simultaneously. Similarity evaluation system for chromatographic fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine (2004A) was employed to generate the mean chromatogram and similarity analysis of the samples was carried out. The results demonstrated that polysaccharide content, monosaccharide compositions and composition ratio had an obvious difference between stems and leaves. The polysaccharide content of stems was higher than that of leaves. Monosaccharide composition in leaf was significantly different from that in stem. The polysaccharide from stems was composed of mannose and glucose, however the polysaccharide of leaves was acid heteropolysaccharide and was mainly composed of five monosaccharides, including mannose, galacturonic acid, glucose, galactose and arabinose. The similarity value of the 14 batches was above 0.9, indicating that similarity of fingerprints among different samples was high. The study can provide evidence for expanding the medicinal parts of D. officinale.
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[Clinical analysis of 298 cases of liver cirrhosis and renal dysfunction].
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-10-2014
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To evaluate the renal function of 298 liver cirrhosis cases among the patient population of Beijing Ditan Hospital.
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Facile construction of three contiguous stereogenic centers via dynamic kinetic resolution in asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of quinolines.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 09-09-2014
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An efficient and facile route to chiral tetrahydroquinolines with three contiguous stereogenic centers via a dynamic kinetic resolution process has been successfully developed by using chiral phosphoric acid as catalyst and Hantzsch ester as the hydrogen source with up to 89% ee.
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[Research on treatment of high salt wastewater by the graphite and activated carbon fiber composite electrodes].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 07-25-2014
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High salinity wastewater is one of the difficulties in the field of wastewater treatment. As a new desalination technology, electrosorption technology has many advantages. This paper studied a new type of carbon-based electrodes, the graphite and activated carbon fiber composite electrodes. And the influencing factors of electrosorption and its desalination effect were investigated. The electrosorption device had optimal desalination effect when the voltage was 1. 6 V, the retention time was 60 min and the plate spacing was 1 cm. The graphite and activated carbon fiber composite electrodes were used to treat the black liquor of refined cotton and sodium copper chlorophyll wastewater to investigate its desalination effect. When the electrodes were used to treat the black liquor of refined cotton after acid treatment, the removal rate of conductivity and COD reached 58. 8% and 75. 6% respectively when 8 pairs of electrodes were used. And when the electrode was used to treat the sodium copper chlorophyll wastewater, the removal rate of conductivity and COD reached higher than 50. 0% and 13. 5% respectively when 6-8 pairs of electrodes were used.
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Palladium-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of 3-phthalimido substituted quinolines.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 07-12-2014
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Homogeneous Pd-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of 3-phthalimido substituted quinolines was successfully developed, providing facile access to chiral substituted tetrahydroquinolines bearing two contiguous stereogenic centers with up to 90% ee.
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Clinical study of nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated by helical tomotherapy in China: 5-year outcomes.
Biomed Res Int
PUBLISHED: 07-09-2014
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To evaluate the outcomes of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients treated with helical tomotherapy (HT).
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[Microbial reduction of Cu2+ mediated by electroactive biofilms].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 06-21-2014
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The formation, electron transfer mechanism and environmental effect of electrochemically active biofilms (EABs) have become a hot research topic in environmental science. In this study, bacteria were enriched on a carbon felt to form an EAB under controlled potential conditions. The electrochemical properties of the EAB were evaluated with electrochemical methods. The process of copper reduction and transformation mediated by the EAB was revealed. Analytical techniques such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to examine the morphology, content and state of copper in the biofilm. The results showed that the EAB could utilize acetate as electron donor to produce electrons and Cu2+ was reduced to Cu or Cu+. Laser scanning confocal microscope (LSCM) was employed to probe the toxic effects of Cu2+ on the EAB. Copper toxicity on the microbes was reduced in the presence of acetate because of the reduction transformation of Cu2+ to less toxic Cu or Cu+. The results from this study are expected to be instructive for using EABs to stabilize and recover copper from copper-contaminated environments.
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Iridium-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of pyrrolo[1,2-a]pyrazinium salts.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 06-09-2014
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Highly enantioselective iridium-catalyzed hydrogenation of pyrrolo[1,2-a]pyrazinium salts has been achieved, providing a direct access to chiral 1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrrolo[1,2-a]pyrazine derivatives with up to 95% ee. The key feature of the reaction is the addition of cesium carbonate, which increases the conversion and prohibits the racemization pathway of products.
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[Effects of different iron oxides on methane emission in paddy soil as related to drying/wetting cycles].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 06-03-2014
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This study investigated the effects of iron oxides with different crystallinities, ferrihydrite (SF) and hematite (SH), on the methane emission in paddy soil of South China under different water conditions, alternative drying/wetting cycles (DW) and continuous flooding (CF). The rates of methane emission, methane production potential and concentrations of Fe(II) and Fe(III) were determined. Results showed that compared with CF, the average methane emission rate was greatly inhibited by DW over 61%, and the addition of iron oxides reduced methane emission rates by 53%. Under the circumstance of DW and iron oxides addition, the combined inhibition effect on the average methane emission (65%-94%) and methane production potential (57%-93%) was significantly higher than the single effect caused by DW or iron oxides. Interestingly, DW coupling poorly crystalline ferrihydrite (SF-DW, 94%) posed a more significantly inhibitory effect on the methane emission than coupling crystalline hematite (SH-DW, 65%). Statistical analysis showed that there was a significantly negative correlation between the Fe(III) concentrations and the methane emission rates (R2 = -0.98, P < 0.01). Experimental results showed that DW facilitated the cyclic regeneration of Fe(III), and the Fe(III)/Fe(II) cycle in poorly crystalline ferrihydrite was more susceptible to DW than hematite. This study suggested that alternative drying/wetting cycles can remarkably enhance the inhibitory effect of iron oxides on methane emission from paddy soil, and the coupled suppression effect of DW and poorly crystalline ferrihydrite is more obvious than the coupled effect of DW and crystalline hematite.
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Homogenous Pd-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of unprotected indoles: scope and mechanistic studies.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2014
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An efficient palladium-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of a variety of unprotected indoles has been developed that gives up to 98% ee using a strong Brønsted acid as the activator. This methodology was applied in the facile synthesis of biologically active products containing a chiral indoline skeleton. The mechanism of Pd-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation was investigated as well. Isotope-labeling reactions and ESI-HRMS proved that an iminium salt formed by protonation of the C?C bond of indoles was the significant intermediate in this reaction. The important proposed active catalytic Pd-H species was observed with (1)H NMR spectroscopy. It was found that proton exchange between the Pd-H active species and solvent trifluoroethanol (TFE) did not occur, although this proton exchange had been previously observed between metal hydrides and alcoholic solvents. Density functional theory calculations were also carried out to give further insight into the mechanism of Pd-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of indoles. This combination of experimental and theoretical studies suggests that Pd-catalyzed hydrogenation goes through a stepwise outer-sphere and ionic hydrogenation mechanism. The activation of hydrogen gas is a heterolytic process assisted by trifluoroacetate of Pd complex via a six-membered-ring transition state. The reaction proceeds well in polar solvent TFE owing to its ability to stabilize the ionic intermediates in the Pd-H generation step. The strong Brønsted acid activator can remarkably decrease the energy barrier for both Pd-H generation and hydrogenation. The high enantioselectivity arises from a hydrogen-bonding interaction between N-H of the iminium salt and oxygen of the coordinated trifluoroacetate in the eight-membered-ring transition state for hydride transfer, while the active chiral Pd complex is a typical bifunctional catalyst, effecting both the hydrogenation and hydrogen-bonding interaction between the iminium salt and the coordinated trifluoroacetate of Pd complex. Notably, the Pd-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation is relatively tolerant to oxygen, acid, and water.
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[Efficacy and safety of integrative medical program based on blood cooling and detoxification recipe in treating patients with hepatitis B virus related acute-on-chronic liver failure: a randomized controlled clinical study].
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-13-2014
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To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of integrative medical program based on blood cooling and detoxification recipe (BCDR) in treating patients with hepatitis B virus related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) of heat-toxicity accumulation syndrome (HTAS).
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The concise synthesis of spiro-cyclopropane compounds via the dearomatization of indole derivatives.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 05-06-2014
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A concise synthesis of spiro-cyclopropane compounds from indole derivatives and sulfur ylides has been developed via a dearomatization strategy. Moreover, the spiro-cyclopropane compounds could be conveniently transformed to rearomatized indole derivatives in the presence of acids.
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Chiral phosphoric acid-catalyzed asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of quinolin-3-amines.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 04-25-2014
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A chiral phosphoric acid catalyzed asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of aromatic amines, quinolin-3-amines, was successfully developed with up to 99% ee. To supplement our previous work on the Ir-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of 2-alkyl substituted quinolin-3-amines, a number of 2-aryl substituted substrates were reduced to provide a series of valuable chiral exocyclic amines with high diastereo- and enantioselectivities.
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Alteration of Th17 and Treg cells in patients with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion before and after lymphocyte immunization therapy.
Reprod. Biol. Endocrinol.
PUBLISHED: 04-07-2014
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Several types of T cells have been associated with the pathogenesis of unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA), including Th1/Th2/Th17/Tregs cell. It has been appreciated that immunotherapy with paternal or third party lymphocytes is an effective method of treatment for URSA patients. The balance of Th1/Th2 cells could be maintained and an increase of Treg cells would be beneficial after immunotherapy; however, the mechanism by which the Th17/Treg balance affects URSA has not yet been fully elucidated.
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MG132, a proteasome inhibitor, enhances LDL uptake in HepG2 cells in vitro by regulating LDLR and PCSK9 expression.
Acta Pharmacol. Sin.
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2014
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Expression of liver low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), a determinant regulator in cholesterol homeostasis, is tightly controlled at multiple levels. The aim of this study was to examine whether proteasome inhibition could affect LDLR expression and LDL uptake in liver cells in vitro.
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Synthesis of chiral exocyclic amines by asymmetric hydrogenation of aromatic quinolin-3-amines.
Chemistry
PUBLISHED: 03-13-2014
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Asymmetric hydrogenation of aromatic quinolin-3-amines was successfully developed with up to 94?% enantiomeric excess (ee). Introduction of the phthaloyl moiety to the amino group is crucial to eliminate the inhibition effect caused by the substrate and product, to activate the aromatic ring, and to improve the diastereoselectivity. This new methodology provides direct and facile access to chiral exocyclic amines. Notably, this report is the first on the highly enantioselective hydrogenation of aromatic amines.
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Endogenous n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids protect against imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like inflammation via the IL-17/IL-23 axis.
Mol Med Rep
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2014
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The beneficial effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on psoriasis have been reported in rats, mice and humans, but the specific mechanisms involved have not been well defined. The present study utilized the fat-1 mouse, a transgenic model that can endogenously convert n-6 FAs into n-3 PUFAs, to directly determine if the outcomes of psoriasis were correlated with n-3 PUFAs. Wild-type (WT) and fat-1 mice, which were treated daily with imiquimod (IMQ) cream or control cream on the shaved right ear and dorsal skin, were fed the same diet. The severity of inflammation of the ear and dorsal skin was scored according to the clinical Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) and epidermal hyperplasia was measured by H&E staining. The expression of inflammatory factors in the epidermis was analyzed by immunohistochemical analysis. Flow cytometry and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to measure the differences in the content of inflammatory factors in the blood serum and to determine which of CD4+ T cells were present in the spleen between IMQ-induced fat-1 mice and WT mice. Fat-1 IMQ-induced mice exhibited significantly lower levels of inflammatory cell-like T helper 17 cells (Th17 cells) and higher levels of regulatory T cells (Treg cells) in the spleen as compared with the WT IMQ-induced mice. n-3 fatty acids stimulated Th17 cells to produce lower levels of inflammatory factors, including interleukin (IL)-17, IL-22, IL-23 and stimulated Treg cells to produce higher anti-inflammatory factors, such as Foxp3. In conclusion, the present study provides further insight into the mechanisms involved in preventing inflammation in psoriasis-like mice by n-3 PUFAs using a fat-1 transgenic mouse model.
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RacA and Cdc42 regulate polarized growth and microsclerotium formation in the dimorphic fungus Nomuraea rileyi.
Res. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 03-08-2014
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Small GTPases, RacA and Cdc42, act as molecular switches in fungi, regulating cell signaling, cytoskeletal organization, polar growth and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, the latter by influencing the activity of the NADPH oxidase complex. In this study, the racA and cdc42 genes from Nomuraea rileyi were cloned and shown to encode 218 and 184 amino acid proteins, respectively. To determine the functions of racA and cdc42, gene-silencing mutants (racARM, cdc42RM and racA&cdc42RM, respectively) were generated using RNA silencing technology. In racARM and cdc42RM, the conidial and microsclerotium (MS) yields, ROS production and virulence were reduced, the hyphal extension rate was decreased and the dimorphic switch was delayed. On the other hand, the double-silencing mutants showed growth retardation and virtually no conidia, MS or ROS production. The transcription levels of the noxA and noxR genes that regulate ROS generation were reduced in the three RNAi-silenced strains. Interestingly, when compared with the controls, racARM exhibited thicker hyphae and bigger conidia; moreover, the MS produced by racARM were bigger than those of the control and smaller than those of cdc42RM. Thus RacA and Cdc42 appear to share some essential functions in N. rileyi, including hyphal growth, conidiation, MS formation, ROS generation and virulence. Yet RacA appears to play a more pivotal role in the polar growth of N. rileyi.
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Planifilum caeni sp. nov., A Novel Member of Thermoactinomycete Isolated from Sludge Compost.
Curr. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 02-26-2014
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A Gram positive, thermophilic, and filamentous bacterium, designated strain GIESS004(T), was isolated from a sludge compost from Guangzhou, China. Growth occurred at 45-55 °C (optimum 50-53 °C) and pH 6.0-10.0 (optimum pH 7.0-7.5). The organism formed cream-yellow colonies with radial wrinkles. Aerial mycelium was not produced in any of the growth media tested. Single spores were produced along the substrate hyphae. Strain GIESS004(T) contained MK-7 as the predominant menaquinone and iso-C16:0, iso-C15:0 and iso-C17:0 as the major cellular fatty acids. The cell wall contained meso-diaminopimelic acid. The DNA G+C content was 60.7 mol%. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain GIESS004(T) was associated with the genus Planifilum and formed a cluster with its closest relative of Planifilum composti P8(T) (99.5 % similarity). However, the DNA-DNA pairing study showed that the isolate displayed reassociation value of only 57.6 ± 2.3 % with P. composti P8(T). On the basis of the polyphasic taxonomic results, strain GIESS004(T) (= CCTCC AB2013107(T) = MCCC 1K00414(T)) is designated as the type strain of a novel species of the genus Planifilum, for which the name Planifilum caeni sp. nov. is proposed.
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4,5-Dihydropyrrolo[1,2-a]quinoxalines: a tunable and regenerable biomimetic hydrogen source.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 02-26-2014
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A series of tunable and regenerable biomimetic hydrogen sources, 4,5-dihydropyrrolo[1,2-a]quinoxalines, have been synthesized and applied in biomimetic asymmetric hydrogenation of 3-aryl-2H-benzo[b][1,4]oxazines and 1-alkyl-3-aryl-quinoxalin-2(1H)-ones, providing the chiral amines with up to 92% and 89% ee, respectively.
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Synthesis of fluorinated heteroaromatics through formal substitution of a nitro group by fluorine under transition-metal-free conditions.
Chemistry
PUBLISHED: 02-20-2014
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An efficient and transition-metal-free approach was developed to access a series of fluorinated heteroaromatics in moderate to excellent yields. This one-pot procedure features a triple-relay transformation of rapid dearomatization, fluorination, and rearomatization processes, which represents a conceptually novel strategy of combining partial hydrogenation and electrophilic fluorination.
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Sodium tanshinone IIA silate inhibits high glucose-induced vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration through activation of AMP-activated protein kinase.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells may perform a crucial role in the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular disease. AMPK additionally exerts several salutary effects on vascular function and improves vascular abnormalities. The current study sought to determine whether sodium tanshinone IIA silate (STS) has an inhibitory effect on vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and migration under high glucose conditions mimicking diabetes without dyslipidemia, and establish the underlying mechanism. In this study, STS promoted the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) at T172 in VSMCs. VSMC proliferation was enhanced under high glucose (25 mM glucose, HG) versus normal glucose conditions (5.5 mM glucose, NG), and this increase was inhibited significantly by STS treatment. We utilized western blotting analysis to evaluate the effects of STS on cell-cycle regulatory proteins and found that STS increased the expression of p53 and the Cdk inhibitor, p21, subsequent decreased the expression of cell cycle-associated protein, cyclin D1. We further observed that STS arrested cell cycle progression at the G0/G1 phase. Additionally, expression and enzymatic activity of MMP-2, translocation of NF-?B, as well as VSMC migration were suppressed in the presence of STS. Notably, Compound C (CC), a specific inhibitor of AMPK, as well as AMPK siRNA blocked STS-mediated inhibition of VSMC proliferation and migration. We further evaluated its potential for activating AMPK in aortas in animal models of type 2 diabetes and found that Oral administration of STS for 10 days resulted in activation of AMPK in aortas from ob/ob or db/db mice. In conclusion, STS inhibits high glucose-induced VSMC proliferation and migration, possibly through AMPK activation. The growth suppression effect may be attributable to activation of AMPK-p53-p21 signaling, and the inhibitory effect on migration to the AMPK/NF-?B signaling axis.
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[Surface modification of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membrane by using the zwitterionic substance].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 12-25-2013
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In order to enhance the hydrophilicity of the membrane and improve the antifouling properties, poly (2-hydroxyethyl methacry-late) (poly(HEMA)) was grafted to the surface of the poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) membrane by using the atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) method. After that, ceric ammonium nitrate (CAN) as the initiator, N, N-methylene bisacrylamide as a cross-linking agent, a zwitterionic polymer, poly (3-( methacryloylamino) propyl-dimethyl-(3-sulfopropyl) ammonium hydroxide) (poly(MPDSAH)) were successfully grafted onto the membrane surface by radical polymerization reaction. Attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and contact angle measuring were employed to analyze the property and the morphology of structures before and after the membrane surface-modification. The grafting density (GD) gradually increased, with the grafting time increasing, the pore size of the membrane became smaller, and the porosity decreased, but the surface hydrophilicity of membrane was significantly enhanced at the same time. The adsorption of bovine serum albumin (BSA) tests and filtration experiments were carried out to investigate anti-fouling performances of membrane before and after modification. With the GD increasing, the amount of adsorption on the film surface significantly reduced in the high-concentration BSA solution. The water contact angle (CA) decreased most, from 77. 2 degrees to 41.7 degrees within 5 s to 0, and a flux recovery ratio up to 94. 961% , when the GD reached 288. 340 microg.cm-2. Therefore, the optimal grafting time was 2 h, with the grafting density of 288. 340 microg.cm-2.
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Influence of g-C3N4 Nanosheets on Thermal Stability and Mechanical Properties of Biopolymer Electrolyte Nanocomposite Films: A Novel Investigation.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
PUBLISHED: 12-12-2013
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A series of sodium alginate (SA) nanocomposite films with different loading levels of graphitic-like carbon nitride (g-C3N4) were fabricated via the casting technique. The structure and morphology of nanocomposite films were investigated by X-ray powder diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. Thermogravimetric analysis results suggested that thermal stability of all the nanocomposite films was enhanced significantly, including initial thermal degradation temperature increased by 29.1 °C and half thermal degradation temperature improved by 118.2 °C. Mechanical properties characterized by tensile testing and dynamic mechanical analysis measurements were also reinforced remarkably. With addition of 6.0 wt % g-C3N4, the tensile strength of SA nanocomposite films was dramatically enhanced by 103%, while the Youngs modulus remarkably increased from 60 to 3540 MPa. Moreover, the storage modulus significantly improved by 34.5% was observed at loadings as low as 2.0 wt %. These enhancements were further investigated by means of differential scanning calorimetry and real time Fourier transform infrared spectra. A new perspective of balance was proposed to explain the improvement of those properties for the first time. At lower than 1.0 wt % loading, most of the g-C3N4 nanosheets were discrete in the SA matrix, resulting in improved thermal stability and mechanical properties; above 1.0 wt % and below 6.0 wt % content, the aggregation was present in SA host coupled with insufficient hydrogen bondings limiting the barrier for heat and leading to the earlier degradation and poor dispersion; at 6.0 wt % addition, the favorable balance was established with enhanced thermal and mechanical performances. However, the balance point of 2.0 wt % from dynamic mechanical analysis was due to combination of temperature and agglomeration. The work may contribute to a potential research approach for other nanocomposites.
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[Randomized controlled study of integrated treatment of traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine on AIDS with pulmonary inflammation patients].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-16-2013
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To compare effects of integrated treatment traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine (TCM-WM) and simple western medicine on TCM clincal symptoms in the patient of AIDS with pulmonary inflammation.
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An efficient route to chiral N-heterocycles bearing a C-F stereogenic center via asymmetric hydrogenation of fluorinated isoquinolines.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 08-16-2013
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An efficient iridium-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of the fluorinated isoquinoline derivatives has been successfully developed for the synthesis of chiral fluorinated tetrahydroisoquinoline derivatives with up to 93% ee. This methodology features the use of a hydrochloride salt as well as a catalytic amount of halogenated hydantoin which were vital for the reactivity, enantioselectivity, and inhibition of the hydrodefluorination pathway.
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Palladium-Catalyzed Asymmetric Hydrogenolysis of N-Sulfonyl Aminoalcohols via Achiral Enesulfonamide Intermediates.
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.
PUBLISHED: 08-10-2013
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Giving the cat complete control: A stereoconvergent formal hydrogenolysis of N-sulfonyl aminoalcohols in the presence of a chiral Pd catalyst and trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) gave chiral amines with two contiguous stereocenters (see scheme; TFE=trifluoroethanol, Ts=p-tosyl). The products were formed with up to 94?%?ee by acid-catalyzed dehydration to afford an enesulfonamide, enamine/imine isomerization, and Pd-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation.
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Apelin-13-induced proliferation and migration induced of rat vascular smooth muscle cells is mediated by the upregulation of Egr-1.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
PUBLISHED: 08-04-2013
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Apelin-13 plays an important role in the migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs); however, the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Egr-1 is a nuclear transcription factor, which is considered to be the critical initiating factor of the processes of VSMC proliferation and migration. Egr-1 is known to regulate the expression of osteopontin (OPN), which is a marker of the phenotypic modulation that is a necessary condition of VSMC proliferation and migration. We hypothesized that the role of Apelin-13 is mediated via upregulation of Egr-1. To test this hypothesis, we analyzed the effects of Apelin-13 treatment on Egr-1 mRNA and protein expression in A10 rat aortic VSMCs by RT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively. Results showed that, Apelin-13 upregulated the expression of Egr-1. Furthermore, treatment with the extracellular-regulated protein kinase (ERK) inhibitor, PD98059, inhibited the upregulation of Egr-1 by Apelin-13. In addition, this upregulation was inhibited by treatment of VSMCs with the Egr-1 specific deoxyribozyme ED5 (DNAenzyme/10-23 DRz). Furthermore, ED5 treatment was found to significantly inhibit Apelin-13-induced migration and proliferation of VSMCs using transwell and MTT assays, respectively. The evaluation of OPN mRNA and protein expression levels by RT-PCR and Western blot analyses revealed that ED5 treatment also inhibited Apelin-13-induced OPN upregulation. The results of this study indicated that Apelin-13 upregulates Egr-1 via ERK. Furthermore, Apelin-13 induced the proliferation and migration of VSMCs as well as the upregulation of OPN via the upregulation of Egr-1. These results will provide an important theoretical and experimental basis for the control of inappropriate remodeling of vessel walls, and will hopefully lead to the prevention and treatment of vascular remodeling diseases.
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Intravenous immunoglobulin in the therapy of adult acute fulminant myocarditis: A retrospective study.
Exp Ther Med
PUBLISHED: 06-08-2013
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Acute fulminant myocarditis (AFM) is a serious heart disease with limited treatment. This observational retrospective study aimed to investigate whether intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) was able to improve left ventricular function and reduce the episodes of arrhythmia in adult patients with AFM. The medical records of all patients with AFM who were admitted to the Critical Care Unit of Guangdong General Hospital (Guangzhou, China) between January 2001 and December 2010 were reviewed. A cohort of 58 patients was included in the study. Of these 58, 32 patients were treated with IVIG (400 mg/kg per day) for five days, while the remaining patients did not receive IVIG therapy. The patients who received IVIG therapy had a higher left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and a reduced left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVDD) compared with the non-IVIG therapy patients four weeks subsequent to the treatment (PLVEF=0.011 and PLVDD=0.048). The post-treatment incidence of ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) and atrioventricular block (AVB) was reduced in the patients who received IVIG therapy compared with the baseline values (PVT/VF=0.025, PAVB=0.003); however, no significant differences were observed in the non-IVIG therapy patients (PVT/VF=0.564, PAVB=0.083) following treatment. There were two mortalities in the IVIG therapy group and seven in the non-IVIG therapy group (P=0.072). This retrospective study suggested that the use of IVIG for the treatment of AFM may be associated with improved left ventricular function and reduced episodes of fulminant arrhythmias.
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[The establishment of diagnosis model on occupational medicamentosa-like dermatitis induced by trichloroethylene].
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-31-2013
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Based on magnetic beads based weak cation exchange chromatography (MB-WCX), matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) and ClinProTools software, the polypeptides of serum about occupational medicamentosa-like dermatitis induced by trichloroethylene (OMLDT) patients were studied, and a diagnostic model of OMLDT was built.
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[Determination of naringenin in Dendrobium officinale by HPLC].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2013
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To explore a characteristic chemical marker of Dendrobium officinale, establish determination method of its content and determine the naringenin content in D. officinale from different sources and growth years.
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[HPLC specific chromatogram of Dendrobium officinale].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2013
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To establish the method of specific chromatogram analysis of ether extract of Dendrobium officinale for identification of D. officinale.
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[Evaluation and analysis of inorganic elements in Ginkgo biloba leaves by microwave digestion-ICP-AES].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 05-28-2013
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Abstract Inorganic elements were determined by ICP-AES using microwave digestion, and principal components analysis(PCA) was used for analysis. The result showed that ginkgo biloba leaves contained more than 22 inorganic elements, Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn, Cr, Co, Ni, Sr, B, Si and Ni were essential trace elements, and Ca, P, K% Na and Mg were essential macro elements. PCA with seven factors (F1, F2, F3, F4, F5, F6, F7) selected could be used to evaluate the quality of ginkgo biloba leaves. The function was following F=0.230 17F1+0.122 39F2+0.079 67F3+0.078 97F4+0.065 25F5+0.062 03F6+0.056 71F7. The samples from Taixing, Shijiazhuang and Taian was the top three which indicated the quality in those cultivation sources was better based on inorganic elements. All the results will provide good basis for comprehensive utilization of ginkgo biloba leaves, especially the leaves from fruit cultivars.
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Homogeneous palladium-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation.
Chem Soc Rev
PUBLISHED: 05-23-2013
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The transition metal catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of unsaturated compounds arguably presents one of the most attractive methods for the synthesis of chiral compounds. Over the last few decades, Pd has gradually grown up as a new and popular metal catalyst in homogeneous asymmetric hydrogenation the same as traditional Ru, Rh and Ir catalysts. Much progress has been successfully achieved in the asymmetric reduction of imines, enamines, olefins, ketones and heteroarenes. It was also found that palladium catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation could be used as a key step in tandem reactions to quickly synthesize chiral compounds. This tutorial review intends to offer an overview of recent progress in homogeneous palladium catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation and should serve as an inspiration for further advances in this area.
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[Determination of terpene lactones in Ginkgo biloba leaves in different ages by UPLC-TQ-MS].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2013
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To establish an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole mass (UPLC-TQ-MS) for determination of four terpene lactones.
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Biodiesel production in a magnetically-stabilized, fluidized bed reactor with an immobilized lipase in magnetic chitosan microspheres.
Biotechnol. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 05-03-2013
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Biodiesel production by immobilized Rhizopus oryzae lipase in magnetic chitosan microspheres (MCMs) was carried out using soybean oil and methanol in a magnetically-stabilized, fluidized bed reactor (MSFBR). The maximum content of methyl ester in the reaction mixture reached 91.3 (w/v) at a fluid flow rate of 25 ml/min and a magnetic field intensity of 150 Oe. In addition, the MCMs-immobilized lipase in the reactor showed excellent reusability, retaining 82 % productivity even after six batches, which was much better than that in a conventional fluidized bed reactor. These results suggested that a MSFRB using MCMs-immobilized lipase is a promising method for biodiesel production.
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Non-Gaussian fluctuations and non-Markovian effects in the nuclear fusion process: Langevin dynamics emerging from quantum molecular dynamics simulations.
Phys. Rev. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2013
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Macroscopic parameters as well as precise information on the random force characterizing the Langevin-type description of the nuclear fusion process around the Coulomb barrier are extracted from the microscopic dynamics of individual nucleons by exploiting the numerical simulation of the improved quantum molecular dynamics. It turns out that the dissipation dynamics of the relative motion between two fusing nuclei is caused by a non-Gaussian distribution of the random force. We find that the friction coefficient as well as the time correlation function of the random force takes particularly large values in a region a little bit inside of the Coulomb barrier. A clear non-Markovian effect is observed in the time correlation function of the random force. It is further shown that an emergent dynamics of the fusion process can be described by the generalized Langevin equation with memory effects by appropriately incorporating the microscopic information of individual nucleons through the random force and its time correlation function.
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Bacillus borbori sp. Nov., isolated from an electrochemically active biofilm.
Curr. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 04-18-2013
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A Gram-positive, facultative anaerobic, motile, endospore-forming rod strain, designated DX-4(T), was isolated from an electrochemically active biofilm. Growth occurred at 30-65 °C (optimum 55 °C), at pH 6.0-8.5 (optimum pH 7.0-7.5) and with <6 % (w/v) NaCl. Cells were catalase- and oxidase-positive. The main respiratory quinone was MK-7, the predominant polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside, and unidentified aminophospholipid, the DNA G+C content was 38.6 mol% and the major fatty acids (>5 %) were iso-C15:0 (38.9 %), iso-C17:0 (30.5 %), iso-C16:0 (5.6 %), and anteiso-C17:0 (5.2 %). The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons revealed that strain DX-4(T) is a member of the genus Bacillus. The results of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and genotypic analyses clearly indicated that strain DX-4(T) represents a novel species, for which the name Bacillus borbori sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DX-4(T) (= CCTCC AB2012196(T) = KCTC 33103(T)).
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Combined use of hydration and alprostadil for preventing contrast-induced nephropathy following percutaneous coronary intervention in elderly patients.
Exp Ther Med
PUBLISHED: 04-13-2013
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Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a complex syndrome of acute kidney injury that follows exposure to intravascular contrast media. Although a series of preventive measures have been developed, CIN remains a major challenge encountered in elderly patients by interventional cardiologists. No data are currently available concerning the potential effects of the combined use of hydration and alprostadil in the prevention of CIN following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in elderly patients. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the ability of a combination of hydration and alprostadil to prevent CIN following PCI in elderly patients. From June 1, 2010 to January 31, 2012, 85 elderly patients undergoing PCI were included in the present study. The included patients were randomly allocated into three groups: the control (22 cases), hydration (28 cases) and hydration + alprostadil (35 cases) group. Serum creatinine (SCr) levels were measured prior to PCI and then daily for 3 days following PCI. Creatinine clearance (Ccr) was also calculated. Following investigation of the incidence of CIN, a significant decline in Ccr was observed in the control group but not in the hydration + alprostadil group after PCI. The reduction in the level of Ccr from baseline in the hydration + alprostadil group was the smallest among the three groups. Moreover, the highest incidence of CIN was in the control group (6 cases, 27.27%), followed by the hydration group (3 cases, 10.71%) and the hydration + alprostadil group (1 case, 2.86%). Therefore, the combined use of hydration and alprostadil significantly reduces the incidence of CIN in elderly patients undergoing PCI. Hydration and alprostadil are suggested to act synergistically to protect renal function. In conclusion, the combined use of hydration and alprostadil is more effective in the prevention of CIN in elderly patients undergoing PCI compared with hydration alone.
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Asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of 3-nitroquinolines: facile access to cyclic nitro compounds with two contiguous stereocenters.
Chem Asian J
PUBLISHED: 03-21-2013
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Hi, neighbor! The first organocatalyzed asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of aromatic nitro compounds was successfully developed with up to 99?% ee. The new methodology provides a direct and facile access to enantiopure cyclic nitro compounds with two contiguous stereocenters.
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Effects of tirofiban on the reperfusion-related no-reflow in rats with acute myocardial infarction.
J Geriatr Cardiol
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2013
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To investigate the effects of tirofiban on the no-reflow phenomenon of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) rats received reperfusion, as well as the underlying mechanisms.
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Assessment of organochlorine pesticide contamination in relation to soil properties in the Pearl River Delta, China.
Sci. Total Environ.
PUBLISHED: 02-01-2013
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High levels of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) such as hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs) have been found in soil of the Pearl River Delta (PRD), attributable to high pesticide application in this area. Consequently, the occurrence and environmental effect of HCHs and DDTs in the PRD have attracted considerable attention. However, study focusing on the influence of potential factors such as soil property on the environmental fate of HCHs and DDTs in the PRD has been rare. The present study aimed to investigate the impact of soil physiochemical properties on the distribution patterns and fate of soil HCHs and DDTs on a large spatial scale. Levels of HCHs (sum of ?-, ?-, ?- and ?-HCH) and DDTs (sum of 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis-(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (p,p-DDT), 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis-(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (p,p-DDD), and 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis-(p-chlorophenyl)ethylene (p,p-DDE)) in 151 soil samples covering all areas of the PRD and physiochemical parameters related to soil properties including pH, total organic carbon (TOC), total Fe (TFe), DCB-Fe (DFe), amorphous-Fe (AFe), complexed-Fe (CFe), total Mn (TMn), DCB-Mn (DMn), amorphous-Mn (AMn), complexed-Mn (CMn) and cation exchange capacity (CEC) were determined. The residual levels of HCHs and DDTs in soils of the present study, which are mainly controlled by soil TOC and CFe content and varying spatially with land use types, may potentially pose ecological risk to plants and animals. On the other hand, transformation of soil HCHs may be affected by pH and DDT transformation correlated significantly with AFe and CFe. Currently, soil has become an important secondary source of OCPs and the re-emission potential of OCPs in soil was mainly affected by soil OCP concentrations and land use types.
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A mild method for generation of o-quinone methides under basic conditions. The facile synthesis of trans-2,3-dihydrobenzofurans.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2013
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A novel and efficient method for the generation of o-quinone methide intermediates was developed from the readily available 2-tosylalkylphenols under the mild basic conditions, and their reactions with sulfur ylides were investigated for the stereoselective synthesis of trans-2,3-dihydrobenzofurans.
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Phase I study on the pharmacokinetics and tolerance of ZT-1, a prodrug of huperzine A, for the treatment of Alzheimers disease.
Acta Pharmacol. Sin.
PUBLISHED: 01-19-2013
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Huperzine A isolated from the Chinese herb Huperzia serrata (Thunb) Trev is a novel reversible and selective AChE inhibitor. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and tolerance of single and multiple doses of ZT-1, a novel analogue of huperzine A, in healthy Chinese subjects.
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A Comparison of Growth and Development of Three Major Agricultural Insect Pests Infected with Heliothis virescens ascovirus 3h (HvAV-3h).
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Ascoviruses are double-stranded DNA viruses that are pathogenic to lepidopteran hosts, particularly noctuid larvae. Infection of a larva is characterized by retarded growth, reduced feeding and yellowish body color. In this paper, we reported the growth and development of three major agricultural noctuid insect pests, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner), Spodoptera exigua (Hübner) and Spodoptera litura (Fabricius), infected with Heliothis virescens ascovirus 3h (HvAV-3h). Using 10-fold serial dilutions (0 to 7) of HvAV-3h-containing hemolymph to infect S. litura larvae, we found no significant difference in larval mortalities from 0 to 10(3)-fold dilutions; however, significant differences were observed at 10(4)-fold dilution and above. Using a 10-fold dilution of HvAV-3h-containing hemolymph to infect H. armigera, S. exigua and S. litura larvae, we found that the growth and development were significantly affected. All infected larvae could not pupate; the survival times of treated H. armigera, S. litura and S. exigua larvae were significantly longer than untreated control larvae. Body weight showed significant difference between treated and untreated control group from day 1 after inoculation in H. armigera and S. exigua, but day 2 in S. litura. Additionally, food intake also showed significant difference between treated and untreated control group from day 2 after inoculation in H. armigera and S. litura, but day 3 in S. exigua.
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Composite hemangioendothelioma arising from the kidney: case report with review of the literature.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Reported herein is a medical curiosities vascular tumor primary arising from the kidney and exhibiting unique histopathological features. A 32-year-old woman underwent a total nephrectomy of right kidney because of a mass localized in the inferior pole. Distinct from other vascular lesions, on histology the tumor had a peculiar composite pattern, consisting of benign and malignant vascular components, which were haphazardly intermixed without any definite margins. The malignant component was composed of epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (45%) and angiosarcoma (50%) with moderate differentiation. Immunohistochemically, the oval to cuboidal to spindle tumor cells expressed only endothelial markers (CD31, CD34 and factor VIII-related antigen). And the angiosarcomatous component was characterized by the presence of a greater proliferation index Ki-67. Unlike other epithelial tumors, smooth muscle actin (SMA), cytokeratin, EMA and S-100 were all negative in the epithelioid tumor cells. These findings led to the diagnosis of a low-grade vascular neoplasm with morphological features consistent with so-called composite hemangioendothelioma (CHE). At 11 month follow up the patient was alive, without evidence of tumor recurrence. CHE is an extremely rare vascular neoplasm, with borderline malignant potential, which mostly occurs in distal extremity of the limbs at the cutaneous level and, only 30 cases have been previously described until now. To our knowledge, this is the first report of CHE arising from the kidney and widens the spectrum of primary vascular tumors arising in the kidney.
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Asymmetric hydrogenolysis of racemic tertiary alcohols, 3-substituted 3-hydroxyisoindolin-1-ones.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 12-21-2011
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Asymmetric hydrogenolysis of racemic tertiary alcohols, 3-substituted 3-hydroxyisoindolin-1-ones, was developed using chiral phosphoric acid as catalyst and a Hantzsch ester as the hydrogen source with up to 95% ee. The reaction process of this asymmetric transfer hydrogenation may occur directly through the acyliminium ion intermediate.
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Pd-Catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of 3-(toluenesulfonamidoalkyl)indoles.
Org. Biomol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 12-19-2011
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A series of 2-substituted 3-(toluenesulfonamidoalkyl)indoles was synthesized by application of (EtO)(2)POH or iodine as the catalyst, and was hydrogenated using chiral Pd catalyst, giving the 2,3-disubstituted indolines with up to 97% ee.
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[Dynamic change study of dermatitis medicamentosa-like of trichloroethylene patients with liver damage].
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-05-2011
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Observing the dynamic change characteristics of serum liver function indexes in occupational dermatitis medicamentosa-like of trichloroethylene patients with liver damage, we can underlie for guiding therapy, prognosis and mechanism of dermatitis medicamentosa-like of trichloroethylene patients with liver damage.
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[Nutrient balance between N, P, and K in flue-cured tobacco production under different preceding crops planting].
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 11-30-2011
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A field experiment was conducted to study the nutrient balance between N, P, and K in flue-cured tobacco production in Shilin County of Yunnan Province under the effects of different preceding crops including rape, wheat, barley, and green manure planting. Overall, there existed significant differences in the soil nitrogen availability, tobacco plant dry matter accumulation, plant uptake of N, P and K, residual amounts of soil N, P, and K, apparent soil N loss, and apparent soil P- and K surplus during tobacco growth period under different preceding crops planting. Under preceding crop green mature planting, the soil mineral N content before tobacco plant transplanting, the soil N net mineralization rate during tobacco growth period, and the tobacco plant dry matter accumulation and N- and K uptake at maturation were all the highest, followed by under preceding rape planting, and under preceding barley or wheat planting. The P uptake by tobacco plant was also obviously higher under the preceding green manure or rape planting than under preceding barley or wheat planting. After the harvest of tobacco leaves, the soil residual mineral N content was the highest under the preceding green manure planting, followed by under preceding rape planting, and by preceding barley or wheat planting, while the soil available P and K contents were in adverse, being the highest under preceding barley or wheat planting and the lowest under preceding green manure planting. The apparent soil N loss during tobacco growth period was the highest under the preceding green manure planting, whereas the apparent soil P- and K surplus was obviously higher under preceding wheat or barley planting. It was suggested that an appropriate adjustment should be made on the fertilization rates of N, P, and K for tobacco production based on the preceding crops, i. e., lesser N application when the preceding crop was green manure or rape, and lesser application of P and K when the preceding crop was wheat or barley.
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[Research on spectral characteristics of Yb3+ doped double-cladding large-mode-area micro-structured optical fiber].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 11-22-2011
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Yb3+ doped double-cladding large-mode-area micro-structured optical fibers (Micro-structured fibers, MSF) are the ideal medium for the super high-power optical fiber laser applications. In the present paper, the authors fabricated the Yb3+ doped silica-based glass using the method of non-chemical vapor deposition, and fabricated the Yb3+ doped double-cladding large-mode-area MSF by stack-drawing method using this glass as the core of MSF, according to the design requirements. Fluorescence spectrum of the MSF was obtained using Ti: sapphire femtosecond laser with the wavelength of 975 nm and LD laser with the wavelength of 980 nm as pumping source. The experimental results show that the optical fiber has strong fluorescence at the wavelength of 1 050 nm, and it can inhibit generation of cooperative luminescence effectively.
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[Study on the chemical constituents of Rumex patientia].
Zhong Yao Cai
PUBLISHED: 10-25-2011
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To study the chemical constituents of roots of Rumex patientia.
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Biomimetic asymmetric hydrogenation: in situ regenerable Hantzsch esters for asymmetric hydrogenation of benzoxazinones.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
PUBLISHED: 09-23-2011
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A catalytic amount of Hantzsch ester that could be regenerated in situ by Ru complexes under hydrogen gas has been employed in the biomimetic asymmetric hydrogenation of benzoxazinones with up to 99% ee in the presence of chiral phosphoric acid. The use of hydrogen gas as a reductant for the regeneration of Hantzsch esters makes this hydrogenation an ideal atom economic process.
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[Experimental study on electric impedance of acupuncture based on the midnight-noon ebb-flow theory].
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu
PUBLISHED: 09-08-2011
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Relationship among three point selection methods based on the midnight-noon ebb-flow theory, namely Najia fa (day- prescription of acupoints), Nazi fa (hour-prescription of acupoints) and Yangzi Shike Zhuxue fa (point-open method based on the mother and son relation as well as the hours and its divisions), were approved in the article, which provided the scientific validity of the correlation among three point selection methods of midnight-noon ebb-flow theory.
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[Establishment and verification of dose effect relation curves between T cell receptor gene mutation frequency and ionizing radiation dose].
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2011
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To establish the dose-effect curve between TCR MF and ionizing radiation.
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Synthesis and enantioselective hydrogenation of seven-membered cyclic imines: substituted dibenzo[b,f][1,4]oxazepines.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 05-31-2011
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Highly enantioselective hydrogenation of seven-membered cyclic imines, substituted dibenzo[b,f][1,4]oxazepines, was achieved, with up to 94% ee, by using the [Ir(COD)Cl](2)/(S)-Xyl-C(3)*-TunePhos complex as the catalyst in the presence of morpholine-HCl.
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Highly enantioselective partial hydrogenation of simple pyrroles: a facile access to chiral 1-pyrrolines.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2011
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A highly enantioselective Pd-catalyzed partial hydrogenation of simple 2,5-disubstituted pyrroles with a Brønsted acid as an activator has been successfully developed, providing chiral 2,5-disubstituted 1-pyrrolines with up to 92% ee.
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[Prevalence of asymptomatic intracranial artery stenosis in middle-aged and elderly population in the community of Foshan city, Guangdong province: a cross-sectional study].
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2011
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To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of asymptomatic intracranial artery stenosis in middle-aged and elderly population in the community of Foshan city, Guangdong province.
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Toward CH4 dissociation and C diffusion during Ni/Fe-catalyzed carbon nanofiber growth: a density functional theory study.
J Chem Phys
PUBLISHED: 04-12-2011
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First-principles calculations have been performed to investigate CH(4) dissociation and C diffusion during the Ni?Fe-catalyzed growth of carbon nanofibers (CNFs). Two bulk models with different Ni to Fe molar ratios (1:1 and 2:1) are constructed, and x-ray diffraction (XRD) simulations are conducted to evaluate their reliability. With the comparison between the calculated and experimental XRD patterns, these models are found to be well suited to reproduce the crystalline structures of Ni?Fe bulk alloys. The calculations indicate the binding of the C(1) derivatives to the Ni?Fe closest-packed surfaces is strengthened compared to that on Ni(111), arising from the upshift of the weighted d-band centers of catalyst surfaces. Then, the transition states for the four successive dehydrogenation steps in CH(4) dissociation are located using the dimer method. It is found that the energy barriers for the first three steps are rather close on the alloyed Ni?Fe and Ni surfaces, while the activation energy for CH dissociation is substantially lowered with the introduction of Fe. The dissolution of the generated C from the surface into the bulk of the Ni?Fe alloys is thermodynamically favorable, and the diffusion of C through catalyst particles is hindered by the Fe component. With the combination of density functional theory calculations and kinetic analysis, the C concentration in catalyst particles is predicted to increase with the Fe content. Meanwhile, other experimental conditions, such as the composition of carbon-containing gases, feedstock partial pressure, and reaction temperature, are also found to play a key role in determining the C concentration in bulk metal, and hence the microstructures of generated CNFs.
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Convergent asymmetric disproportionation reactions: metal/Brønsted acid relay catalysis for enantioselective reduction of quinoxalines.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
PUBLISHED: 04-05-2011
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A convergent asymmetric disproportionation of dihydroquinoxalines for the synthesis of chiral tetrahydroquinoxalines using a metal/Brønsted acid relay catalysis system has been developed. The use of hydrogen gas as the reductant makes the convergent disproportionation an ideal atom-economical process. A dramatic reversal of enantioselectivity was observed in the reduction of quinoxalines because of the different steric demands in the 1,2- and 1,4-hydride transfer pathways.
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Pentacyclic triterpenes from the resin of Liquidambar formosana.
Fitoterapia
PUBLISHED: 04-01-2011
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Two new pentacyclic triterpenes and eight known pentacyclic triterpenes were isolated from the petroleum ether extract of Liquidambaris Resina. The structural elucidation of these compounds was determined by spectroscopic data interpretation. Their cytotoxic and antiplatelet aggregation activities were examined to find potent cytotoxic and antiplatelet aggregation compounds from natural resources. The results showed that 3-keto oleane triterpenes had strong cytotoxicity against MDA-MB-435S cancer cells and that 28-carboxyl oleane triterpenes possessed significant inhibition of platelet aggregation induced by ADP.
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Enantioselective Pd-catalyzed hydrogenation of enesulfonamides.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 03-24-2011
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Asymmetric hydrogenation of cyclic enesulfonamides affords chiral cyclic sulfonamides using Pd(OCOCF(3))(2)/diphosphine complexes as catalysts with up to 98% ee.
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[Detection of bcr-abl fusion gene mRNA level in K562/A02 cell line by real-time quantitative RT-PCR].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2011
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This study was aimed to quantitatively analyze the mRNA level of bcr-abl fusion gene in K562/A02 cell line by real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RQ-RT-PCR) technique. After being cultured for a period of time, the K562/A02 cell line was collected and RNA was extracted using TRIzoL kit. The real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction technology was used to detect the level of bcr-abl fusion gene and internal reference abl gene. The results showed that a fine reproducibility was obtained between 10(7) and 10(3) copies/ml, reproducible sensitivity of RQ-RT-PCR was 10(-5). The expression of bcr-abl fusion gene in K562/A02 cells was higher and the level of bcr-abl mRNA was more than 100% in K562/A02 cells. It is concluded that RQ-RT-PCR is a reliable, sensitive and reproducible method for detecting mRNA level of bcr-abl fusion gene, which may be useful in monitoring the chronic myeloid leukemia.
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Two new ?-pinene derivatives from Angelica sinensis and their anticoagulative activities.
Fitoterapia
PUBLISHED: 02-15-2011
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Two new ?-pinene derivatives (1-2) were isolated from the aerial parts of Angelica sinensis. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic and chemical methods to be 6?,9-dihydroxy-(+)-?-pinene (1) and 9-hydroxy-(+)-?-pinene-6?-O-D-glucoside (2). In the anticoagulative assay, compounds 1 and 2 exhibited weak antithrombin activity and strong antiplatelet aggregation activity in vitro.
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Organometallic acetylides of Pt(II), Au(I) and Hg(II) as new generation optical power limiting materials.
Chem Soc Rev
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2011
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Within the scope of nonlinear optics, optical power limiting (OPL) materials are commonly regarded as an important class of compounds which can protect the delicate optical sensors or human eyes from sudden exposure to damaging intense laser beams. Recent efforts have been devoted to developing organometallic acetylide complexes, dendrimers and polymers as high performance OPL materials of the next generation which can favorably optimize the optical limiting/transparency trade-off issue. These metallated materials offer a new avenue towards a new family of highly transparent homo- and heterometallic optical limiters with good solution processability which outperform those of current state-of-the-art visible-light-absorbing competitors such as fullerenes, metalloporphyrins and metallophthalocyanines. This critical review aims to provide a detailed account on the recent advances of these novel OPL chromophores. Their OPL activity was shown to depend strongly on the electronic characters of the aryleneethynylene ligand and transition metal moieties as well as the conjugation chain length of the compounds. Strategies including copolymerization with other transition metals, change of structural geometry, use of a dendritic platform and variation of the type and content of transition metal ions would strongly govern their photophysical behavior and improve the resulting OPL responses. Special emphasis is placed on the structure-OPL response relationships of these organometallic acetylide materials. The research endeavors for realizing practical OPL devices based on these materials have also been presented. This article concludes with perspectives on the current status of the field, as well as opportunities that lie just beyond its frontier (106 references).
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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.