The PTPN22 gene is an important risk factor for human autoimmunity. The aim of this study was to evaluate for the first time the role of the R263Q PTPN22 polymorphism in ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohns disease (CD), and to reevaluate the association of the R620W PTPN22 polymorphism with both diseases.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible implication of CD24 gene in the genetic predisposition to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Our study population consisted of 1321 female Spanish individuals (369 Crohns disease [CD] patients, 323 ulcerative colitis [UC] patients, and 629 healthy matched controls). Two putative functional polymorphisms, a C to T coding polymorphism (rs8734) and a TG deletion in the 3 untranslated region (rs3838646), were used as CD24 genetic markers and genotyped using a Taqman 5 allelic discrimination assay. The "del" allele of the dinucleotide deletion was associated with an increased risk of CD (odds ratio = 1.61, 95% confidence interval = 1.17-2.21, p(FDR) = 6.4E-03) but not with UC. Moreover, this allele was significant associated with the age of CD diagnosis between 17 and 40 years, the ileocolonic location, and the inflammatory behavior of CD. We observed no significant differences between the allelic or genotypic frequencies of the A57V polymorphism in our studied IBD cohort. Our results suggest that the rs3838646 CD24 polymorphism is part of the genetic background of CD.
A functional polymorphism located at -1 from the start codon of the CD40 gene, rs1883832, was previously reported to disrupt a Kozak sequence essential for translation. It has been consistently associated with Graves disease risk in populations of different ethnicity and genetic proxies of this variant evaluated in genome-wide association studies have shown evidence of an effect in rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility. However, the protective allele associated with Graves disease or rheumatoid arthritis has shown a risk role in MS, an effect that we aimed to replicate in the present work. We hypothesized that this functional polymorphism might also show an association with other complex autoimmune condition such as inflammatory bowel disease, given the CD40 overexpression previously observed in Crohns disease (CD) lesions.
Recently, the signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4) gene has been associated with multiple autoimmune diseases. Interestingly, a recent work showed that the T allele of the rs7574865 STAT4 SNP was associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in a Spanish population. The aim of the present study was to reevaluate the role of the STAT4 rs7574865 polymorphism on IBD. The present case-control study included 498 Crohns disease (CD) patients, 402 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, and 1296 healthy matched controls. Genotyping was performed using a PCR system with a pre-developed TaqMan allelic discrimination assay for the rs7574865 STAT4 SNP. Moreover, a meta-analysis was performed with the previous work in a Spanish population and the current study, including a final sample size of 1574 IBD patients (820 with CD and 754 with UC) and 2012 healthy controls. No evidence of association was found for the current case-control study (CD: p = 0.23, OR = 0.9, 95% CI = 0.75-1.1; UC: p = 0.17, OR = 1.14, 95% CI = 0.95-1.38). However, the meta-analysis showed that the STAT4 rs7574865 T allele was significantly associated with susceptibility to UC (p = 0.012 pooled; OR = 1.20, 95% CI = 1.04-1.39) but not CD (p = 0.71 pooled; OR = 0.93, 95% CI = 0.65-1.34). Our data suggest that the rs7574865 STAT4 SNP is a genetic susceptibility variant for UC but not CD in the Spanish population.
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