Herein, we demonstrate a novel and simple two-step process for preparing LiCoO2 nanocrystals by using a Prussian blue analogue Co3[Co(CN)6]2 as a precursor. The resultant LiCoO2 nanoparticles possess single crystalline nature and good uniformity with an average size of ca. 360 nm. The unique nanostructure of LiCoO2 provides relatively shorter Li(+) diffusion pathways, thus facilitating the fast kinetics of electrochemical reactions. As a consequence, high reversible capacity, excellent cycling stability and rate capability are achieved with these nanocrystals as cathodes for lithium storage. The LiCoO2 nanocrystals deliver specific capacities of 154.5, 135.8, 119, and 100.3 mA h g(-1) at 0.2, 0.4, 1, and 2 C rates, respectively. Even at a high current density of 4 C, a reversible capacity of 87 mA h g(-1) could be maintained. Importantly, a capacity retention of 83.4% after 100 cycles is achieved at a constant discharge rate of 1 C. Furthermore, owing to facile control of the morphology and size of Prussian blue analogues by varying process parameters, as well as the tailored design of multi-component metal-cyanide hybrid coordination polymers, with which we have successfully prepared porous Fe2O3@NixCo3-xO4 nanocubes, one of the potential anode materials for lithium-ion batteries, such a simple and scalable approach could also be applied to the synthesis of other nanomaterials for energy storage devices.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common and deadly malignant neoplasms worldwide. Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is closely associated with the occurrence of HCC. The HBV genome encodes a ubiquitous transactivator, termed the HBV X protein (HBx), that is essential for HBV replication in vivo. HBx is involved in multiple steps of carcinoma development. Even in the preneoplastic stage, HBx acts as a tumor promoter. HBx participates in several mechanisms that have been linked to cell proliferation, including gene transcription, cell cycle regulation, and several signaling pathways. Moreover, HBx mutants, especially those with mutations in the COOH-terminal end, have been implicated in hepatocarcinogenesis. Therefore, therapeutic strategies targeting HBx could be effective at multiple stages of HCC development, even as early as the preneoplastic stage.
This study aims t explore the effect and application of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) on hepatocellular carcinoma in microcirculation by observing the angiogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma in transplanted area. BMSCs were isolated and cultured primarily using the method of whole bone marrow culture and identifying surface antigens of third-generation bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells using flow cytometry. Hepatoma cells cultured with BMSCs-conditioned medium (BMSCs-CM) were assayed using the cell proliferation rate of the MTT method. Nude mice were divided into control group (group A), BMSCs cell transplantation group (group B), HepG-2 cell group (group C), and combined BMSCs and HepG-2 cell cotransplanted group (group D). The result showed that the microvascular density was not significantly different in groups A and B. However, the microvascular density at 14 days was higher than 0 day in group C (P < 0.05). In group D, the microvascular density at 14 days was higher than that of 7 and 0 days (P < 0.05) and 7 days was higher than 0 days (P < 0.05). It was showed that the microvascular density did not get significant difference at 0 and 7 days in the four groups (P > 0.05). But the microvascular density of group C was higher than groups A and B at 14 days (P < 0.05), group D was higher than groups A and B at 14 days (P < 0.05) and group D was higher than group C at 14 days (P < 0.05). BMSCs could promote the growth of microvascular in hepatoma cells in a transplanted area.
We developed a high-sensitivity C-reactive protein quantifiable chemiluminescent immunoassay (hs-CRP CLIA). The high-purity native CRP was purified from hepatic cirrhosis patient ascetic fluid by affinity and ion exchange chromatography and used as an immunogen to develop the monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against CRP. Twenty-two mAbs were identified reactive with CRP in ELISA and 13 of them were reactive in the phosphorycholine ligand capture ELISA. The mAbs 10C5 and 10C11 were selected to develop the hs-CRP CLIA. The linearity and performance of the hs-CRP CLIA was characterized. It was showed not reactive when testing against other serum materials (IgG, hemoglobin and triglyceride). The reliable correlation (R2 > 0.993) was obtained between testing value (RLU/S) and the concentration of human serum CRP calibrator. The linearity fell in the range of 0.04-20.38 mg/L. The assay has good accuracy and reproducibility, the mean recovery was 99% and the precision of the intra- and inter assay was CVs (4.2%-5.8%) and (9.0%-11.5%), respectively. In testing of 90 human sera, this assay performed well and correlated comparably with a commercial hs-CRP ELISA kit. Thus, hs-CRP CLIA is an accurate, reliable, quantifiable assay for detection of high-sensitive C-reactive protein in serum, it may be useful to improve the risk assessment of cardiovascular disease and the prognosis of inflammatory bowel disease.
Chemotherapy is an important component in the treatment paradigm for breast cancers. However, the resistance of cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents frequently results in the subsequent recurrence and metastasis. Identification of molecular markers to predict treatment outcome is therefore warranted. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether expression of circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) can predict clinical outcome in breast cancer patients treated with adjuvant chemotherapy.
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