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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Asthma in patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A nationwide population-based study.
Ann Clin Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 11-18-2014
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Asthma symptoms can interrupt daily activities, disturb sleep, and increase the risk of a child having an attention deficit or irritability, which also are symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Previous studies have shown conflicting results regarding the association between ADHD and asthma. This study investigates the possible correlation between asthma and ADHD.
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Comparison of a semi-automatic annotation tool and a natural language processing application for the generation of clinical statement entries.
J Am Med Inform Assoc
PUBLISHED: 10-22-2014
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Electronic medical records with encoded entries should enhance the semantic interoperability of document exchange. However, it remains a challenge to encode the narrative concept and to transform the coded concepts into a standard entry-level document. This study aimed to use a novel approach for the generation of entry-level interoperable clinical documents.
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Toward Models for the Full Oxygen-Evolving Complex of Photosystem II by Ligand Coordination To Lower the Symmetry of the Mn3CaO4 Cubane: Demonstration That Electronic Effects Facilitate Binding of a Fifth Metal.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
PUBLISHED: 09-23-2014
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Synthetic model compounds have been targeted to benchmark and better understand the electronic structure, geometry, spectroscopy, and reactivity of the oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) of photosystem II, a low-symmetry Mn4CaOn cluster. Herein, low-symmetry Mn(IV)3GdO4 and Mn(IV)3CaO4 cubanes are synthesized in a rational, stepwise fashion through desymmetrization by ligand substitution, causing significant cubane distortions. As a result of increased electron richness and desymmetrization, a specific ?3-oxo moiety of the Mn3CaO4 unit becomes more basic allowing for selective protonation. Coordination of a fifth metal ion, Ag(+), to the same site gives a Mn3CaAgO4 cluster that models the topology of the OEC by displaying both a cubane motif and a "dangler" transition metal. The present synthetic strategy provides a rational roadmap for accessing more accurate models of the biological catalyst.
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A multi-technique approach to bridge electronic case report form design and data standard adoption.
J Biomed Inform
PUBLISHED: 08-22-2014
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The importance of data standards when integrating clinical research data has been recognized. The common data element (CDE) is a consensus-based data element for data harmonization and sharing between clinical researchers, it can support data standards adoption and mapping. However, the lack of a suitable methodology has become a barrier to data standard adoption. Our aim was to demonstrate an approach that allowed clinical researchers to design electronic case report forms (eCRFs) that complied with the data standard.
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Halorussus ruber sp. nov., isolated from an inland salt lake of China.
Arch. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 08-12-2014
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Halophilic archaeal strain YC25(T) was isolated from Yuncheng salt lake in Shanxi, China. Cells of strain YC25(T) were observed to be pleomorphic rods, stained Gram-negative, and formed red-pigmented colonies on solid media. Strain YC25(T) was found to be able to grow at 25-50 °C (optimum 37 °C), at 1.4-4.8 M NaCl (optimum 1.7 M), at 0-1.0 M MgCl2 (optimum 0.01 M), and at pH 5.5-9.0 (optimum pH 6.5). The cells lysed in distilled water, and the minimal NaCl concentration to prevent cell lysis was found to be 8 % (w/v). The major polar lipids of the strain were phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester (PGP-Me), phosphatidylglycerol sulfate (PGS), sulfated galactosyl mannosyl glucosyl diether (S-TGD-1), sulfated mannosyl glucosyl diether (S-DGD-1), galactosyl mannosyl glucosyl diether (TGD-1), mannosyl glucosyl diether (DGD-1), and an unknown diglycosyl diether (DGD-2) chromatographically identical to those of Halorussus rarus CGMCC 1.10122(T). The 16S rRNA gene and rpoB' gene of strain YC25(T) were phylogenetically related to the corresponding genes of Halorussus rarus CGMCC 1.10122(T) (94.3-95.4 and 91.5 % nucleotide identity, respectively). The DNA G+C content of strain YC25(T) was determined to be 63.3 mol%. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic properties suggested that strain YC25(T) (=CGMCC 1.12122(T) = JCM 18363(T)) represents a new species of Halorussus, for which the name Halorussus ruber sp. nov. is proposed.
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Halobacterium rubrum sp. nov., isolated from a marine solar saltern.
Arch. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 08-12-2014
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Halophilic archaeal strain TGN-42-S1(T) was isolated from the Tanggu marine solar saltern, China. Cells from strain TGN-42-S1(T) were observed to be pleomorphic rods, stained Gram-negative, and formed red-pigmented colonies on solid media. Strain TGN-42-S1(T) was found to be able to grow at 20-50 °C (optimum 35-37 °C), at 1.7-4.8 M NaCl (optimum 3.1 M), at 0-1.0 M MgCl2 (optimum 0.1 M), and at pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum pH 7.0-7.5). The cells lysed in distilled water, and the minimal NaCl concentration to prevent cell-lysis was found to be 10 % (w/v). The major polar lipids of the strain were phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, phosphatidylglycerol sulfate, galactosyl mannosyl glucosyl diether (TGD-1), sulfated galactosyl mannosyl glucosyl diether (S-TGD-1), sulfated galactosyl mannosyl galactofuranosyl glucosyl diether (S-TeGD), and three unidentified glycolipids which were chromatographically identical to those of the Halobacterium species. The 16S rRNA gene and rpoB' gene of strain TGN-42-S1(T) were phylogenetically related to the corresponding genes of Halobacterium jilantaiense CGMCC 1.5337(T) (98.8 and 93.5 % nucleotide identity, respectively), Halobacterium salinarum CGMCC 1.1958(T) (98.4 and 91.9 %), and Halobacterium noricense JCM 15102(T) (96.9 and 91.1 %). The DNA G + C content of strain TGN-42-S1(T) was determined to be 69.2 mol %. Strain TGN-42-S1(T) showed low DNA-DNA relatedness with Hbt. jilantaiense CGMCC 1.5337(T) and Hbt. salinarum CGMCC 1.1958(T), the most closely related members of the genus Halobacterium. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic properties suggested that strain TGN-42-S1(T) (=CGMCC 1.12575(T) =JCM 19908(T)) represents a new species of Halobacterium, for which the name Halobacterium rubrum sp. nov. is proposed.
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Statin Therapy for Primary Prevention of Atrial Fibrillation: Guided by CHADS2/CHA2DS2VASc Score.
Korean Circ J
PUBLISHED: 08-05-2014
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Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia and is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The anti-arrhythmic effect of statins on AF prevention appears to be highly significant in most clinical studies. However, some discrepancies do exist among different clinical studies. Different clinical settings and types of stains used may explain these differences between trials. The CHADS2 and CHA2DS2VASc scoring systems have been used for stroke risk stratification in AF patients. The recent study suggested that these scores can also be used to guide statin therapy for AF prevention. Patients with higher scores had a higher risk of developing AF and gained more benefits from statins therapy than those with lower scores. This review article focused on the ability of these scores to predict AF prevention by statins.
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Halorubrum laminariae sp. nov., isolated from the brine of salted brown alga Laminaria.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
PUBLISHED: 07-25-2014
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Two halophilic archaeal strains, R60(T) and R61, were isolated from the brine of salted brown alga Laminaria. Cells of the two strains were observed to be rod-shaped, stain Gram-negative and to lyse in distilled water. Strain R60(T) was found to contain gas vacuoles and to produce pink-pigmented colonies, while strain R61 lacked gas vacuoles and produces red-pigmented colonies. Both strains were found to be able to grow at 20-50 °C (optimum 30 °C), at 1.7-4.8 M NaCl (optimum 2.6-3.1 M NaCl), at 0-1.0 M MgCl2 (optimum 0.005-0.1 M MgCl2) and at pH 6.0-9.5 (optimum pH 7.0). The major polar lipids were identified as phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, phosphatidylglycerol sulfate and one major glycolipid chromatographically identical to a sulfated mannosyl glucosyl diether produced by Halorubrum members of the Halobacteriaceae. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of the two strains were 99.9 % identical, showing 94.6-98.0 % similarity to those of members of the genus Halorubrum. The EF-2 gene similarity between strains R60(T) and R60 was 100 % and showed 84.6-94.5 % similarity to those of members of the genus Halorubrum. The DNA G+C contents of the two strains were determined to be 63.0 mol %. The DNA-DNA hybridization value between strain R60(T) and strain R61 was 92 % and the two strains showed low DNA-DNA relatedness with the most related members of Halorubrum. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties suggest that strain R60(T) (= CGMCC 1.12689(T) = JCM 30040(T)) and strain R61 (= CGMCC 1.12696) represent a novel species of the genus Halorubrum, for which the name Halorubrum laminariae sp. nov. is proposed.
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Incidence of late-onset pneumonia in patients after treatment with radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma: A nationwide population-based study.
Head Neck
PUBLISHED: 06-29-2014
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The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of late-onset pneumonia in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) after radiotherapy.
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Glycocaulis albus sp. nov., a moderately halophilic dimorphic prosthecate bacterium isolated from petroleum-contaminated saline soil.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 06-25-2014
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Two novel bacterial strains, SLG210-30A1(T) and SLG210-19A2, which shared 99.9?% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with each other, were isolated from petroleum-contaminated saline soil in Shengli Oilfield, eastern China. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, motile, aerobic, mesophilic and moderately halophilic. They could grow chemoheterotrophically with oxygen as an electron acceptor. Morphologically, cells were typical Caulobacteria-type dimorphic prosthecate bacteria. The genomic DNA G+C contents of strains SLG210-30A1(T) and SLG210-19A2 were 61.8 mol% and 61.6 mol% respectively. Strain SLG210-30A1(T) had Q10 as the predominant respiratory ubiquinone, and C16?:?0 (28.4?%), C17?:?0 (11.6?%), C18?:?0 (22.1?%) and C18?:?1?7c (14.0?%) as the major cellular fatty acids. The polar lipids of the two isolates were some glycolipids, a lipid, a phospholipid, an aminoglycolipid and an aminophospholipid (all unidentified). The 16S rRNA gene sequences of strains SLG210-30A1(T) and SLG210-19A2 showed the highest similarities with Glycocaulis abyssi MCS 33(T) (99.8-99.9?%), but low sequence similarities (<94.7?%) with type strains of other members of the family Hyphomonadaceae. However, the DNA-DNA relatedness of G. abyssi MCS 33(T) to strains SLG210-30A1(T) and SLG210-19A2 was 37.4±4.4?% and 36.1±1.1?%, respectively. Based on different physiological, biochemical, and phylogenetic characteristics, strains SLG210-30A1(T) and SLG210-19A2 represent a novel species of the genus Glycocaulis. The name Glycocaulis albus is therefore proposed with strain SLG210-30A1(T) (?=?LMG 27741(T)?=?CGMCC 1.12766(T)) as the type strain. An emended description of the genus Glycocaulis is also provided.
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Halovenus rubra sp. nov., Isolated from Salted Brown Alga Laminaria.
Curr. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 06-20-2014
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Halophilic archaeal strain R28(T) was isolated from the brown alga Laminaria produced at Dalian, Liaoning Province, China. The cells of the strain were pleomorphic and lysed in distilled water, stained Gram-negative, and formed red-pigmented colonies. Strain R28(T) was able to grow at 25-50 °C (optimum 42 °C), in the presence of 3.1-5.1 M NaCl (optimum 3.9 M NaCl), with 0.005-1.0 M MgCl2 (optimum 0.01 M MgCl2) and at pH 6.0-9.5 (optimum pH 7.0-7.5). The minimal NaCl concentration to prevent cell lysis was 15 % (w/v). The major polar lipids of the strain were identified as phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, and two glycolipids chromatographically identical to those of Halovenus aranensis CGMCC 1.11001(T). The 16S rRNA gene and rpoB' gene of strain R28(T) were phylogenetically related to the corresponding genes of Hvn. aranensis CGMCC 1.11001(T) (91.9-97.2 and 82.9 % nucleotide identity, respectively). The DNA G+C content of strain R28(T) was determined to be 56.3 mol%. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic properties suggest that strain R28(T) (=CGMCC 1.10592(T) = JCM 17269(T)) represents a novel species of the genus Halovenus, for which the name Halovenus rubra sp. nov. is proposed.
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Halopenitus salinus sp. nov., isolated from the brine of salted brown alga Laminaria.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
PUBLISHED: 06-07-2014
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A halophilic archaeal strain, SKJ47(T), was isolated from a commercial preparation of the brown alga Laminaria produced at Dalian, Liaoning Province, China. Cells of the strain were observed to be short rods, stain Gram-negative, and to form red-pigmented colonies on solid media. Strain SKJ47(T) was found to be able to grow at 20-50 °C (optimum 37 °C), at 0.9-4.8 M NaCl (optimum 2.6-3.1 M), at pH 6.0-9.5 (optimum pH 7.0). The cells lysed in distilled water and the minimal NaCl concentration to prevent cell-lysis was found to be 5% (w/v). The major polar lipids of the strain were identified as phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, phosphatidylglycerol sulfate and two glycolipids chromatographically identical to those of Halopenitus persicus IBRC 10041(T). The 16S rRNA gene and rpoB' gene of strain SKJ47(T) were found to be phylogenetically related to the corresponding genes of Halopenitus malekzadehii IBRC-M 10418(T) (96.3 and 91.9% nucleotide identity, respectively) and Hpt. persicus IBRC 10041(T) (96.2 and 93.8%). The DNA G+C content of strain SKJ47(T) was determined to be 65.0 mol%. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties suggested that strain SKJ47(T) (=CGMCC 1.12229(T) = JCM 18641(T)) represents a new species of the genus Halopenitus, for which the name Halopenitus salinus sp. nov. is proposed.
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Type 2 diabetes and antidiabetic medications in relation to dementia diagnosis.
J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 06-04-2014
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Type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been shown to increase dementia risk, but few studies evaluated the relationship between antidiabetic treatment and dementia.
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Periodontitis exposure within one year before anti-diabetic treatment and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis in diabetes mellitus patients: a population-based cohort study.
Rev Bras Reumatol
PUBLISHED: 06-01-2014
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To examine whether a history of periodontitis (PD) before anti-diabetic treatment is associated with risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) development in newly-treated diabetes mellitus (DM) patients.
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Laparoscopic treatment of perforated appendicitis.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 05-29-2014
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The use of laparoscopy has been established in improving perioperative and postoperative outcomes for patients with simple appendicitis. Laparoscopic appendectomy is associated with less wound pain, less wound infection, a shorter hospital stay, and faster overall recovery when compared to the open appendectomy for uncomplicated cases. In the past two decades, the use of laparoscopy for the treatment of perforated appendicitis to take the advantages of minimally invasiveness has increased. This article reviewed the prevalence, approaches, safety disclaimers, perioperative and postoperative outcomes of the laparoscopic appendectomy in the treatment of patients with perforated appendicitis. Special issues including the conversion, interval appendectomy, laparoscopic approach for elderly or obese patient are also discussed to define the role of laparoscopic treatment for patients with perforated appendicitis.
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Layer anti-ferromagnetism on bilayer honeycomb lattice.
Sci Rep
PUBLISHED: 05-29-2014
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Bilayer honeycomb lattice, with inter-layer tunneling energy, has a parabolic dispersion relation, and the inter-layer hopping can cause the charge imbalance between two sublattices. Here, we investigate the metal-insulator and magnetic phase transitions on the strongly correlated bilayer honeycomb lattice by cellular dynamical mean-field theory combined with continuous time quantum Monte Carlo method. The procedures of magnetic spontaneous symmetry breaking on dimer and non-dimer sites are different, causing a novel phase transition between normal anti-ferromagnet and layer anti-ferromagnet. The whole phase diagrams about the magnetism, temperature, interaction and inter-layer hopping are obtained. Finally, we propose an experimental protocol to observe these phenomena in future optical lattice experiments.
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The ER-Associated Protein ZDHHC1 Is a Positive Regulator of DNA Virus-Triggered, MITA/STING-Dependent Innate Immune Signaling.
Cell Host Microbe
PUBLISHED: 05-26-2014
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Viral DNA sensing within the cytosol of infected cells activates type I interferon (IFN) expression. MITA/STING plays an essential role in this pathway by acting as both a sensor for the second messenger cGAMP and as an adaptor for downstream signaling components. In an expression screen for proteins that can activate the IFNB1 promoter, we identified the ER-associated protein ZDHHC1 as a positive regulator of virus-triggered, MITA/STING-dependent immune signaling. Zdhhc1(-/-) cells failed to effectively produce IFNs and other cytokines in response to infection with DNA but not RNA viruses. Zdhhc1(-/-) mice infected with the neurotropic DNA virus HSV-1 exhibited lower cytokine levels and higher virus titers in the brain, resulting in higher lethality. ZDHHC1 constitutively associated with MITA/STING and mediates dimerization/aggregation of MITA/STING and recruitment of the downstream signaling components TBK1 and IRF3. These findings support a role for ZDHHC1 in mediating MITA/STING-dependent innate immune response against DNA viruses.
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Halodurantibacterium flavum gen. nov., sp. nov., a Non-phototrophic Bacterium Isolated from an Oil Production Mixture.
Curr. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 05-06-2014
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Three Gram-negative bacterial strains, DQW12E6-69-1(T), DQW12E61-22-1, and DQW12E6-22-1-1, were isolated from an oil production mixture from Daqing Oilfield, northeastern China. The phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the three strains formed a stable cluster different from the known genus in Rhodobacteraceae of Alphaproteobacteria. In addition, they were most closely related to species in genera Pararhodobacter, Rhodobacter ,and Rhodobaca with the 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities being 95.1-95.9 %. Cells of the three strains were aerobic; they do not require salt to grow but are resistant to high salinity. They could conduct chemoorganoheterotrophic growth on various carbon sources, with non-phototrophic growth observed. The genomic DNA G+C contents of the strains DQW12E6-69-1(T), DQW12E6-22-1-1, and DQW12E61-22-1 were 63.8, 63.7, and 63.6 mol%, respectively. The predominant respiratory ubiquinone of DQW12E6-69-1(T) was Q-10, and the major fatty acids were C18:1 ?7c, C18:0, and C10:0 3-OH. Photosynthetic pigments and photosynthetic reaction center gene pufM were not detected. The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, unidentified glycolipid, and unidentified phospholipid. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic, and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strains DQW12E6-69-1(T), DQW12E61-22-1, and DQW12E6-22-1-1 represent a novel genus and a novel species of the family Rhodobacteraceae. The name Halodurantibacterium flavum gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed with strain DQW12E6-69-1(T) (=LMG 27742(T) = CGMCC 1.12756(T)) as the type strain.
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Seohaeicola nanhaiensis sp. nov., A Moderately Halophilic Bacterium Isolated from the Benthic Sediment of South China Sea.
Curr. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 04-16-2014
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An aerobic, Gram-staining negative, non-motile, and rod-shaped bacterial strain, SS011A0-7#2-2(T), was isolated from the sediment of South China Sea with the depth of 1,500 m. Optimum growth occurred at pH 8.0, 30 °C, and 6 % (w/v) NaCl. Strain SS011A0-7#2-2(T) did not synthesize bacteriochlorophyll a or carotenoid, neither possess photosynthesis genes. Its genome DNA G+C content was 67.9 mol%. It contained Q-10 as the predominant ubiquinone and C18:1 ?7c (52.3 %) as the major fatty acid. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, unidentified phospholipid, and unidentified aminolipid. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that it was closely related to Seohaeicola saemankumensis SD-15(T), Phaeobacter gallaeciensis BS 107(T) and Roseovarius pacificus 81-2(T) in Rhodobacteraceae, with the 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities being 96.5, 95.7, and 95.6 %, respectively. However, the phylogeny of the 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain SS011A0-7#2-2(T) was a member of the genus Seohaeicola. Strain SS011A0-7#2-2(T) was moderately halophilic which was different from Seohaeicola saemankumensis SD-15(T), and it showed the enzyme activities and carbon source spectrum significantly different from Seohaeicola saemankumensis SD-15(T). As its physiological and chemotaxinomic properties were different from those of Seohaeicola saemankumensis SD-15(T), strain SS011A0-7#2-2(T) represents a novel species of the genus Seohaecola. The name Seohaeicola nanhaiensis sp. nov. is proposed, with strain SS011A0-7#2-2(T) (=LMG 27733(T) = CGMCC 1.12759(T)) as the type strain.
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Degradation of C. I. Acid Orange 7 in aqueous solution by a novel electro/Fe3O4/PDS process.
J. Hazard. Mater.
PUBLISHED: 04-07-2014
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The decolorization of C. I. Acid Orange 7 (AO7) in aqueous solution by Fe3O4 activated peroxydisulfate (PDS) oxidation in an electrochemical reactor (EC/Fe3O4/PDS process) was performed in this study. Various parameters were investigated to optimize the process, including initial pH, current density, PDS concentration and Fe3O4 dosage. The stability of Fe3O4 particles was observed by recycle experiments. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was applied to investigate the surface properties of Fe3O4 before and after reaction. GC-MS analysis was employed to identify the intermediate products and a plausible degradation pathway of AO7 was proposed. The change of acute toxicity during the treatment was investigated by activated sludge inhibition test. The TOC removal efficiency was 30.0% in a 90min reaction.
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Incidence and risk factors of lower extremity amputations in people with type 2 diabetes in Taiwan, 2001-2010.
J Diabetes
PUBLISHED: 03-21-2014
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Diabetic patients have an increased risk of lower extremity amputations (LEAs). In the present study we analyzed the incidence of LEA in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Taiwan from 2001 to 2010, and determined risk factors for LEA.
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Salinigranum rubrum gen. nov., sp. nov., a member of the family Halobacteriaceae isolated from a marine solar saltern.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2014
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Halophilic archaeal strain GX10(T) was isolated from the Gangxi marine solar saltern in China. Strain GX10(T) was observed to have pleomorphic cells that lysed in distilled water, stained Gram-negative and produced red-pigmented colonies. Strain GX10(T) was able to grow at 20-50 °C (optimum 37 °C), with 1.4-4.8 M NaCl (optimum 3.1 M NaCl), with 0-0.7 M MgCl2 (optimum 0.05 M MgCl2) and at pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum pH 7.0). The major polar lipids of strain GX10(T) were identified as phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, two major glycolipids chromatographically identical to sulfated mannosyl glucosyl diether and mannosyl glucosyl diether, and five unidentified glycolipids. Phylogenetic tree reconstructions based on 16S rRNA gene and rpoB' sequences revealed that strain GX10(T) was distinct from the related genera, Halogranum, Haloferax, Halopelagius, Halogeometricum, Halobellus, Haloplanus and Halorubrum. The DNA G+C content of strain GX10(T) was 62.9 mol%. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties suggested that strain GX10(T) represents a novel species of a new genus within the family Halobacteriaceae, for which the name Salinigranum rubrum gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the type species is GX10(T) (?=?CGMCC 1.10385(T)?=?JCM 17116(T)).
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Systemic lupus erythematosus and thyroid disease: A 10-year study.
J Microbiol Immunol Infect
PUBLISHED: 03-19-2014
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This large-scale study aims to analyze the association of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with thyroid diseases.
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Natronoarchaeum rubrum sp. nov., isolated from a marine solar saltern, and emended description of the genus Natronoarchaeum.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 03-14-2014
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A halophilic archaeal strain, GX48(T), was isolated from the Gangxi marine solar saltern near Weihai city in Shandong Province, China. Cells of the strain were rod-shaped, stained Gram-negative and formed red-pigmented colonies. Strain GX48(T) was able to grow at 25-50 °C (optimum 37 °C), in the presence of 1.4-4.8 M NaCl (optimum 2.6 M NaCl), with 0-1.0 M MgCl2 (optimum 0.05 M MgCl2) and at pH 5.5-9.5 (optimum pH 7.0). Cells lysed in distilled water and the minimal NaCl concentration to prevent cell lysis was 8?% (w/v). The major polar lipids of the strain were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester and two major glycolipids chromatographically identical to those of Natronoarchaeum mannanilyticum YSM-123(T) and Natronoarchaeum philippinense 294-194-5(T). 16S rRNA gene analysis revealed that strain GX48(T) had two dissimilar 16S rRNA genes and both of them were phylogenetically related to those of the two current members of the genus Natronoarchaeum (96.2-98.3?% similarities). The rpoB' gene sequence similarities between strain GX48(T) and Natronoarchaeum mannanilyticum YSM-123(T) and Natronoarchaeum philippinense 294-194-5(T) were 96.0?% and 94.7?%, respectively. The DNA G+C content of strain GX48(T) was 66.2 mol%. Strain GX48(T) showed low DNA-DNA relatedness with the two members of the genus Natronoarchaeum. It was concluded that strain GX48(T) (?=?CGMCC 1.10388(T)?=?JCM 17119(T)) represents a novel species of the genus Natronoarchaeum, for which the name Natronoarchaeum rubrum sp. nov. is proposed. An emended description of the genus Natronoarchaeum is also presented.
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Facet-dependent optical properties of polyhedral Au-Cu?O core-shell nanocrystals.
Nanoscale
PUBLISHED: 03-14-2014
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We fabricated Au-Cu?O core-shell octahedra, cuboctahedra, and nanocubes having sizes of 90-220 nm using 50 nm octahedral cores. The smaller particle sizes minimize the strong light scattering features from the Cu?O shells and enable the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) absorption band of the gold cores to be clearly identified. Beyond a lower shell thickness limit, the SPR band positions of the gold cores are independent of the shell thickness, but are strongly dependent on the exposed particle surfaces. The plasmonic band red-shifts from Au-Cu?O octahedra to cuboctahedra and nanocubes, and differs by as much as 26 nm between the octahedra and the nanocubes. The same facet-dependent optical effects were observed using larger octahedral gold cores and cubic gold cores. In contrast, simulation spectra show progressively red-shifted SPR band positions with increasing shell thickness. The Cu?O shells are also found to exhibit facet-dependent optical behavior. These nanocrystals can respond to changes in the solvent environment such as solvents with different refractive indices, indicating that the plasmonic field of the gold cores can extend beyond the particle surfaces despite the presence of thick shells. Plane-selective spectral responses to low concentrations of surfactants were also recorded.
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Novel Link of Anti-apoptotic ATF3 with Pro-apoptotic CTMP in the Ischemic Brain.
Mol. Neurobiol.
PUBLISHED: 02-22-2014
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Activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) is a stress-induced transcription factor with diverse functions under disease states in multiple cell types. ATF3 has neuroprotective action against cerebral ischemia, which may involve caspase 3. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying ATF3 regulation of apoptosis are largely unknown. Here, we used gain- and loss-of-function and rescue approaches to demonstrate ATF3 attenuating hypoxic neuronal apoptosis. As well, the protective effect of ATF3 was mediated by downregulation of carboxyl-terminal modulator protein (CTMP), a pro-apoptotic factor that inhibits the anti-apoptotic Akt/PKB cascade. ATF3 (1) downregulated the mRNA and protein levels of CTMP; (2) its temporal expression pattern was reciprocal to that of CTMP; and (3) nuclear localization suggested that ATF3 may regulate CTMP transcription following hypoxic insult. Reporter assays demonstrated that ATF3 suppressed CTMP transcription, whereas ATF3 fusion with VP16, converting ATF3 to transcriptional activator, boosted CTMP transcription. By contrast, NF-?B increased CTMP transcription, and degradation-resistant I?B? decreased CTMP transcription. ChIP assays further confirmed that binding of ATF3 to the ATF/CREB site hindered NF-?B binding to the CTMP promoter, which repressed CTMP expression. Furthermore, CTMP siRNA treatment reduced hypoxic neuronal apoptosis by increasing p-Akt (Ser473) levels and leaving the upstream ATF3 level unchanged. We have identified an endogenous neuroprotective ATF3?CTMP signal cascade that may be a therapeutic target for reducing ischemic brain injury.
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Halomicroarcula limicola sp. nov., isolated from a marine solar saltern, and emended description of the genus Halomicroarcula.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 02-19-2014
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Halophilic archaeal strain YGHS32T was isolated from the Yinggehai marine solar saltern near Shanya city of Hainan Province, China. Cells of the strain were pleomorphic and lysed in distilled water, stained Gram-negative and formed red-pigmented colonies. Strain YGHS32T was able to grow at 20-50 °C (optimum 37 °C), in the presence of 0.9-4.8 M NaCl (optimum 2.1 M NaCl), with 0.005-1.0 M MgCl2 (optimum 0.3 M MgCl2) and at pH 6.0-8.5 (optimum pH 7.5). The minimal NaCl concentration to prevent cell lysis was 5% (w/v). The major polar lipids of the strain were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, phosphatidylglycerol sulfate and four major glycolipids chromatographically identical to sulfated mannosyl glucosyl diether, mannosyl glucosyl diether, glucosyl mannosyl glucosyl diether and a diglycosyl diether. Strain YGHS32T had two dissimilar 16S rRNA genes and both of them were phylogenetically related to those of Halomicroarcula pellucida JCM 17820T (92.9-96.3% sequence similarity). The rpoB' gene sequence similarity between strain YGHS32T and Halomicroarcula pellucida JCM 17820T was 91.3%. The DNA G+C content of strain YGHS32T was 64.0 mol%. The DNA-DNA hybridization value between strain YGHS32T and Halomicroarcula pellucida JCM 17820T was 45%. It was concluded that strain YGHS32T (=CGMCC 1.12129T=JCM 18640T) represents a novel species of the genus Halomicroarcula, for which the name Halomicroarcula limicola sp. nov. is proposed. An emended description of the genus Halomicroarcula is also presented.
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Activating transcription factor 3 protects against pressure-overload heart failure via the autophagy molecule Beclin-1 pathway.
Mol. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 02-18-2014
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Activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3), a cAMP response element-binding protein/ATF family transcription factors member, has been implicated in the cardiovascular and inflammatory system and is rapidly induced by ischemic-reperfusion injuries. We performed transverse aortic banding (TAB) experiments using ATF3 gene-deleted mice (ATF3(-/-)) and wild-type (WT) mice to determine what effect it might have on heart failure induced by pressure overloading. Compared with the WT mice, ATF3(-/-) mice were found by echocardiography to have decreased left ventricular contractility with loss of normal cardiac hypertrophic remodeling. The ATF3(-/-) mice had greater numbers of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated digoxigenin-deoxyuridine nick-end labeling-positive cells and higher levels of activated caspase-3, as well as more apoptosis. Restoration of ATF3 expression in the heart of ATF3(-/-) mice by adenovirus-induced ATF3 treatment significantly improved cardiac contractility after TAB. The results from molecular and biochemical analyses, including chromatin immune-precipitation and in vitro /in vivo promoter assays, showed that ATF3 bound to the ATF/cAMP response element of the Beclin-1 promoter and that ATF3 reduced autophagy via suppression of the Beclin-1-dependent pathway. Furthermore, infusion of tert-butylhydroquinone (tBHQ), a selective ATF3 inducer, increased the expression of ATF3 via the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related transcriptional factor, inhibited TAB-induced cardiac dilatation, and increased left ventricular contractility, thereby rescuing heart failure. Our study identified a new epigenetic regulation mediated by the stress-inducible gene ATF3 on TAB-induced cardiac dysfunction. These findings suggest that the ATF3 activator tBHQ may have therapeutic potential for the treatment of pressure-overload heart failure induced by chronic hypertension or other pressure overload mechanisms.
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Haloarchaeobius litoreus sp. nov., isolated from a marine solar saltern.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
PUBLISHED: 02-03-2014
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Two extremely halophilic archaeal strains GX1(T) and GX60 were isolated from the Gangxi marine solar saltern, China. Cells from the two strains were observed to be rod-shaped and stained Gram-negative, with red-pigmented colonies. Strains GX1(T) and GX60 were found to be able to grow at 25-50 °C (optimum 37 °C), at 1.4-4.8 M NaCl (optimum 2.6 M), at pH 5.5-9.5 (optimum pH 7.0) and neither strain required Mg(2+) for growth. The cells lysed in distilled water and the minimal NaCl concentration to prevent cell-lysis was found to be 8 % (w/v). The major polar lipids of the two strains were identified as phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, phosphatidylglycerol sulfate and three glycolipids chromatographically identical to those of Haloarchaeobius iranensis IBRC-M 10013(T). 16S rRNA gene analysis revealed that each strain had two dissimilar 16S rRNA genes and both strains were phylogenetically related to Hab. iranensis IBRC-M 10013(T) (94.9-98.9 % nucleotide identity). The rpoB' gene similarity between strains GX1(T) and GX60, and between these strains and Hab. iranensis IBRC-M 10013(T) were found to be 99.6, 96.0 and 95.8 %, respectively. The DNA G + C content of strain GX1(T) and GX60 were determined to be 67.7 and 67.8 mol %, respectively. The DNA-DNA hybridization value of strains GX1(T) and GX60 was 86 % and the two strains showed low DNA-DNA relatedness with Hab. iranensis IBRC-M 10013(T) (38 and 32 %). It was concluded that strain GX1(T) (= CGMCC 1.10390(T) = JCM 17114(T)) and strain GX60 (= CGMCC 1.10389 = JCM 17120) represent a new species of Haloarchaeobius, for which the name Haloarchaeobius litoreus sp. nov. is proposed.
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Nickel(I) monomers and dimers with cyclopentadienyl and indenyl ligands.
Chemistry
PUBLISHED: 01-28-2014
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The reaction of (?-Cl)2Ni2(NHC)2 (NHC = 1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-1,3-dihydro-2H-imidazol-2-ylidene (IPr) or 1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazolidin-2-ylidene (SIPr)) with either one equivalent of sodium cyclopentadienyl (NaCp) or lithium indenyl (LiInd) results in the formation of diamagnetic NHC supported Ni(I) dimers of the form (?-Cp)(?-Cl)Ni2(NHC)2 (NHC = IPr (1?a) or SIPr (1?b); Cp = C5H5) or (?-Ind)(?-Cl)Ni2(NHC)2 (NHC = IPr (2?a) or SIPr (2?b); Ind = C7H9), which contain bridging Cp and indenyl ligands. The corresponding reaction between two equivalents of NaCp or LiInd and (?-Cl)2Ni2(NHC)2 (NHC = IPr or SIPr) generates unusual 17 valence electron Ni(I) monomers of the form (?(5)-Cp)Ni(NHC) (NHC = IPr (3?a) or SIPr (3?b)) or (?(5)-Ind)Ni(NHC) (NHC = IPr (4?a) or SIPr (4?b)), which have nonlinear geometries. A combination of DFT calculations and NBO analysis suggests that the Ni(I) monomers are more strongly stabilized by the Cp ligand than by the indenyl ligand, which is consistent with experimental results. These calculations also show that the monomers have a lone unpaired-single-electron in their valence shell, which is the reason for the nonlinear structures. At room temperature the Cp bridged dimer (?-Cp)(?-Cl)Ni2(NHC)2 undergoes homolytic cleavage of the Ni-Ni bond and is in equilibrium with (?(5)-Cp)Ni(NHC) and (?-Cl)2Ni2(NHC)2. There is no evidence that this equilibrium occurs for (?-Ind)(?-Cl)Ni2(NHC)2. DFT calculations suggest that a thermally accessible triplet state facilitates the homolytic dissociation of the Cp bridged dimers, whereas for bridging indenyl species this excited triplet state is significantly higher in energy. In stoichiometric reactions, the Ni(I) monomers (?(5)-Cp)Ni(NHC) or (?(5)-Ind)Ni(NHC) undergo both oxidative and reductive processes with mild reagents. Furthermore, they are rare examples of active Ni(I) precatalysts for the Suzuki-Miyaura reaction. Complexes 1?a, 2?b, 3?a, 4?a and 4?b have been characterized by X-ray crystallography.
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Antiferromagnetic metal and Mott transition on Shastry-Sutherland lattice.
Sci Rep
PUBLISHED: 01-23-2014
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The Shastry-Sutherland lattice, one of the simplest systems with geometrical frustration, which has an exact eigenstate by putting singlets on diagonal bonds, can be realized in a group of layered compounds and raises both theoretical and experimental interest. Most of the previous studies on the Shastry-Sutherland lattice are focusing on the Heisenberg model. Here we opt for the Hubbard model to calculate phase diagrams over a wide range of interaction parameters, and show the competing effects of interaction, frustration and temperature. At low temperature, frustration is shown to favor a paramagnetic metallic ground state, while interaction drives the system to an antiferromagnetic insulator phase. Between these two phases, there are an antiferromagnetic metal phase and a paramagnetic insulator phase (which should consist of a small plaquette phase and a dimer phase) resulting from the competition of the frustration and the interaction. Our results may shed light on more exhaustive studies about quantum phase transitions in geometrically frustrated systems.
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Hypothermia decreases postoperative intra-abdominal adhesion formation.
Am. J. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 01-23-2014
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Hypothermia may decrease postoperative intra-abdominal adhesion. We sought to determine the most suitable temperature for hypothermia for decreasing postoperative adhesion formation.
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Prescription patterns of Chinese herbal products for post-surgery colon cancer patients in Taiwan.
J Ethnopharmacol
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2014
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Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is commonly provided to cancer patients, however, the patterns of prescriptions for this type of medicine in Taiwan are unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the use of traditional Chinese medicine products in colon cancer patients post-surgery in Taiwan and to research patterns of TCM.
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Haloplanus litoreus sp. nov. and Haloplanus ruber sp. nov., from a marine solar saltern and an aquaculture farm, respectively.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2014
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Two halophilic archaea, strains GX21(T) and R35(T), were isolated from a marine solar saltern and an aquaculture farm in China, respectively. Cells of the two strains were observed to be pleomorphic, flat, to contain gas vesicles, stain Gram-negative and produce red-pigmented colonies. Strain GX21(T) was found to be able to grow at 25-50 °C (optimum 37 °C), at 2.6-4.8 M NaCl (optimum 3.4 M NaCl), at 0.05-1.0 M MgCl2 (optimum 0.1 M MgCl2) and at pH 6.0-8.5 (optimum pH 6.5) while strain R35(T) was found to be able to grow at 25-45 °C (optimum 37 °C), at 2.1-4.8 M NaCl (optimum 3.1 M NaCl), at 0-0.7 M MgCl2 (optimum 0.03 M MgCl2) and at pH 5.5-9.5 (optimum pH 6.5-7.0). The cells of both isolates were observed to lyse in distilled water. The minimum NaCl concentrations that prevented cell lysis were determined to be 15 % (w/v) for strain GX21(T) and 12 % (w/v) for strain R35(T). The major polar lipids of the two strains were identified as phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, phosphatidylglycerol sulfate, one major glycolipid and a minor lipid chromatographically identical to sulfated mannosyl glucosyl diether and mannosyl glucosyl diether, respectively. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strains GX21(T) and R35(T) show 97.1 % sequence similarity to each other and are closely related to Haloplanus aerogenes TBN37(T) (96.8 and 95.8 %), Haloplanus vescus RO5-8(T) (96.7 and 96.1 %), Haloplanus salinus YGH66(T) (96.4 and 95.8 %) and Haloplanus natans JCM 14081(T) (96.3 and 95.4 %). The rpoB' gene similarity between strains GX21(T) and R35(T) is 90.5 % and show 88.5-90.8 % similarity to the Haloplanus species with validly published names. The DNA G+C content of strain GX21(T) and R35(T) were determined to be 65.8 and 66.0 mol%, respectively. The DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain GX21(T) and strain R35(T), and the two strains with the Haloplanus species with validly published names, showed less than 50 % DNA-DNA relatedness. It was concluded that strain GX21(T) (=CGMCC 1.10456(T) = JCM 17092(T)) and strain R35(T) (=CGMCC 1.10594 (T) = JCM 17271(T)) represent two new species of Haloplanus, for which the names Haloplanus litoreus sp. nov. and Haloplanus ruber sp. nov. are proposed.
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Halorubrum salinum sp. nov., isolated from a marine solar saltern.
Arch. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2014
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The halophilic archaeal strain GX71(T) was isolated from the Gangxi marine solar saltern near the Weihai city of Shandong Province, China. Cells of the strain were pleomorphic and lysed in distilled water, stained Gram-negative and formed red-pigmented colonies. Strain GX71(T) was able to grow at 25-45 °C (optimum 30 °C), in the presence of 1.7-4.8 M NaCl (optimum 2.6 M NaCl), with 0.005-0.7 M MgCl2 (optimum 0.05 M MgCl2) and at pH 5.5-9.5 (optimum pH 7.0-7.5). Cells lysed in distilled water and the minimal NaCl concentration to prevent cell lysis was 10 % (w/v). The major polar lipids of the strain were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, phosphatidylglycerol sulfate, one major glycolipid chromatographically identical to sulfated mannosyl glucosyl diether (S-DGD-3) and an unidentified lipid was also detected. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain GX71(T) showed 94.0-97.0 % similarity to members of the genus Halorubrum of the family Halobacteriaceae. The rpoB' gene sequence of strain GX71(T) was 87.3-93.4 % similarity to current members of the genus Halorubrum. The DNA G+C content of GX71(T) was 67.1 mol%. Strain GX71(T) showed low DNA-DNA relatedness with Halorubrum lipolyticum CGMCC 1.5332(T), Halorubrum saccharovorum CGMCC 1.2147(T), Halorubrum kocurii CGMCC 1.7018(T) and Halorubrum arcis CGMCC 1.5343(T), the most closely related members of the genus Halorubrum. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties suggest that strain GX71(T) represents a novel species of the genus Halorubrum, for which the name Halorubrum salinum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is GX71(T) (= CGMCC 1.10458(T) = JCM 17093(T)).
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TRIM38 inhibits TNF?- and IL-1?-triggered NF-?B activation by mediating lysosome-dependent degradation of TAB2/3.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
PUBLISHED: 01-13-2014
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TNF? and IL-1? are two proinflammatory cytokines that play critical roles in many diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis and infectious diseases. How TNF?- and IL-1?-mediated signaling is finely tuned is not fully elucidated. Here, we identify tripartite-motif protein 38 (TRIM38) as a critical negative regulator of TNF?- and IL-1?-triggered signaling. Overexpression of TRIM38 inhibited activation of NF-?B and induction of downstream cytokines following TNF? and IL-1? stimulation, whereas knockdown or knockout of TRIM38 had the opposite effects. TRIM38 constitutively interacted with critical components TGF-?-activated kinase 1 (TAK1)-binding protein 2/3 (TAB2/3) and promoted lysosome-dependent degradation of TAB2/3 independent of its E3 ubiquitin ligase activity. Consistently, deficiency of TRIM38 resulted in abolished translocation of TAB2 to the lysosome, increased level of TAB2 in cells, and enhanced activation of TAK1 after TNF? and IL-1? stimulation. We conclude that TRIM38 negatively regulates TNF?- and IL-1?-induced signaling by mediating lysosome-dependent degradation of TAB2/3, two critical components in TNF?- and IL-1?-induced signaling pathways. Our findings reveal a previously undiscovered mechanism by which cells keep the inflammatory response in check to avoid excessive harmful immune response triggered by TNF? and IL-1?.
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Exosomal ATF3 RNA attenuates pro-inflammatory gene MCP-1 transcription in renal ischemia-reperfusion.
J. Cell. Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2014
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Transcriptional repressor activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) is induced by various stress stimuli, including inflammation-induced renal injury. In addition, ATF3 also down-regulates adhesion molecules like intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM), vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM), and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1). However, the relation between up-regulated ATF3 after renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and MCP-1 is not completely understood. In this study, we demonstrated that, in renal I/R induced inflammation, induction of adhesion molecules (interleukin-6, P-selectin, E-selectin, ICAM, VCAM, and MCP-1) was higher in ATF3-knockout mice than in wild-type animals. Molecular and biochemical analyses revealed that ATF3 binds to the ATF/CRE sites in the MCP-1 promoter and inhibits the secretion of MCP-1 from renal epithelial cells after I/R injury. Urinary exosome containing ATF3 RNA was 60-fold higher in patients with acute kidney injury than in normal controls, but no difference in total urinary ATF3 RNA levels was found. In addition, in vitro study showed that exosome containing ATF3 RNA derived from epithelial cells also inhibits MCP-1 expression in the epithelial cells and macrophage migration. Furthermore, direct administration of the epithelium-derived exosomal ATF3 RNA attenuates I/R induced kidney injury. Together, our studies reveal a novel regulatory mechanism of MCP-1 expression mediated by the exosomal ATF3 RNA under renal I/R insult and suggest a potential targeted therapy for I/R induced acute kidney injury.
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Low-molecular-weight heparin and unfractionated heparin decrease th-1, 2, and 17 expressions.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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We evaluated the effects of T helper cell differentiation in a mite-allergic animal model treated with inhaled heparins of different molecular weight.
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Initial medication in patients of newly diagnosed Parkinson's disease in Taiwan.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Several treatment guidelines for Parkinson's disease (PD) had been proposed in recent decades. The aim of current study was to investigate the initial medication utilized in newly diagnosed PD subjects in Taiwan during an eleven-year period.
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Resistant hypertension, patient characteristics, and risk of stroke.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Little is known about the prognosis of resistant hypertension (RH) in Asian population. This study aimed to evaluate the impacts of RH in Taiwanese patients with hypertension, and to ascertain whether patient characteristics influence the association of RH with adverse outcomes.
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Addition of immunosuppressive treatment to hemoperfusion is associated with improved survival after paraquat poisoning: a nationwide study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Paraquat poisoning associates very high mortality rate. Early treatment with hemoperfusion is strongly suggested by animal and human studies. Although the survival benefit of additional immunosuppressive treatment (IST) in combination with hemoperfusion is also reported since 1971, the large-scale randomized control trials to confirm the effects of IST is difficult to be executed. Therefore, we designed this nationwide large-scale population-based retrospective cohort study to investigate the outcome of paraquat poisoning with hemoperfusion and the additional effects of IST combined with hemoperfusion. This nationwide retrospective cohort study utilized data retrieved from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan. A total of 1811 hospitalized patients with a diagnosis of paraquat poisoning who received hemoperfusion between 1997 and 2009 were enrolled. The mean age of all 1811 study subjects was 47.3 years. 70% was male. The overall survival rate was only 26.4%. Respiratory failure and renal failure were diagnosed in 56.2% and 36% patients. The average frequency of hemoperfusion was twice. IST was added in 42.2% patients. IST significantly increases survival rate (from 24.3% to 29.3%, P<0.001). The combined IST with methylprednisolone, cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone associates with the highest survival rate (48%, P<0.001). Moreover, patients younger than 45 years of age in the IST group had the best survival (41.0% vs. 33.7%, p<0.001). Our results support the use of IST with hemoperfusion for paraquat-poisoned patients. The best survival effect of IST is the combination of methylprednisolone, cyclophosphamide and daily dexamethasone, especially in patients with younger age.
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Early colonoscopy confers survival benefits on colon cancer patients with pre-existing iron deficiency anemia: a nationwide population-based study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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This study aimed to examine the prognostic significance of pre-existing iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and the benefits of early colonoscopy in patients with colon cancer, since these have not been clearly established to date. Using the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database, we retrieved and retrospectively reviewed the records of patients aged ? 55 years who were diagnosed with colon cancer between 2000 and 2005. The patient cohort was divided into two groups: patients with (n = 1,260) or without (n = 15,912) an IDA diagnosis during ? 18 months preceding the date of colon cancer diagnosis. We found that diabetes (27.9% vs. 20.3%, p<0.0001), cardiovascular disease (61.6% vs. 54.7%, p<0.001), and chronic kidney disease (4.6% vs. 2.2%, p<0.0001) were more common among patients with IDA than among those without IDA. The median overall survival times for patients with IDA and those without IDA were 4.6 and 5.7 years, respectively (p = 0.002). Patients who underwent colonoscopy ? 30 days, 31-90, and ? 91 days after IDA diagnosis showed median overall survival times of 5.79, 4.43, and 4.04 years, respectively (p = 0.003). Delayed colonoscopy was an independent factor associated with poor overall survival (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.28; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-1.53; p = 0.01). In conclusion, colon cancer patients with IDA were more likely to experience comorbidities than were those without IDA. Pre-existing IDA was a poor prognostic factor in adult men and postmenopausal women who had colon cancer. Early colonoscopy could improve overall survival possibly by facilitating early diagnosis and treatment.
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Effect of mixed transplantation of autologous and allogeneic microskin grafts on wound healing in a rat model of acute skin defect.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The treatment of extensive thermal injuries with insufficient autologous skin remains a great challenge to burn surgeons. In this study, we investigated the influence of the ratio of autologous and allogeneic tissue in mixed microskin grafts on wound healing in order to develop an effective method for using limited donor skin to cover a large open wound. Four different mixtures were tested: autologous microskin at an area expansion ratio of 10?1 with allogeneic microskin at an area expansion ratio of 10?1 or 10?3 and autologous microskin at an expansion ratio of 20?1 with allogeneic microskin at an expansion ratio of 20?3 or 20?6. Wound healing, wound contraction, and integrin ?1 expression were measured. Mixed microskin grafting facilitated wound healing substantially. The mixture of autologous microskin at an expansion ratio of 10?1 with the same amount of allogeneic microskin achieved the most satisfactory wound healing among the 4 tested mixtures. Histological examination revealed the presence of obviously thickened epidermis and ectopic integrin ?1 expression. Keratinocytes expressing integrin ?1 were scattered in the suprabasal layer. Higher levels of integrin ?1 expression were associated with faster wound healing, implying that ectopic expression of integrin ?1 in keratinocytes may play a pivotal role in wound healing. In conclusion, this study proves that this new skin grafting technique may improve wound healing.
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Degradation of Orange II in aqueous solution by a novel electro/Fe3O4 process.
Water Sci. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 12-17-2013
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The removal of Orange II in aqueous solution by Fe3O4 enhanced anode oxidation (EC/Fe3O4 process) was performed in an electrochemical reactor. The process involved the use of a dimensionally stable anode and a stainless steel cathode. Fe3O4 was performed as particle electrodes to increase mass transfer coefficient and reduce energy consumption. Various parameters were investigated to optimize the process, including initial pH, Fe3O4 dosage and current density. The results indicated that the decolorization of Orange II followed pseudo first-order kinetics. The decolorization was favorable in acidic media than in neutral or alkaline solution, while it increased with the Fe3O4 dosage and current density. The total organic carbon (TOC) removal efficiency was 33.2% after 120 min reaction. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was applied to investigate the surface properties of Fe3O4 before and after reaction.
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Antipsychotic formulation and one-year rehospitalization of schizophrenia patients: a population-based cohort study.
Psychiatr Serv
PUBLISHED: 12-03-2013
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OBJECTIVE The authors compared the efficacy of long-acting injectable antipsychotics and oral antipsychotics on rehospitalization rate of community-dwelling patients with schizophrenia who had frequent admissions. METHODS The cohort study of 14,610 patients was conducted by analyzing the Taiwan National Health Research Institutes data. The patients were divided into groups that received oral antipsychotics (risperidone, a different second-generation antipsychotic, or a first-generation antipsychotic) or long-acting injectable antipsychotics (risperidone, haloperidol, or flupenthixol). RESULTS One-year rehospitalization rates of the final cohort of 10,552 patients were the same for both groups (by long-acting injection, 27.3%; by oral administration, 27.3%). Secondary analysis of groups receiving long-acting injectable medication showed that haloperidol resulted in lower rehospitalization rates (haloperidol, 22.5%; risperidone, 27.1%; and flupenthixol, 29.5%). Patients characteristics, including age, region, and insurance payments were significantly correlated with the risk of relapse (p<.05). CONCLUSIONS Except for injectable haloperidol, long-acting injectable antipsychotics seem not to be superior to oral antipsychotics in reducing rehospitalization.
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Periodontitis and etanercept discontinuation risk in anti-tumor necrosis factor-naive rheumatoid arthritis patients: a nationwide population-based cohort study.
J Clin Rheumatol
PUBLISHED: 11-23-2013
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The objective of this study was to investigate the association between periodontitis (PD) and etanercept (ETN) discontinuation in anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF)-naive patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
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Preliminary Experience of Sandwich Repair Technique: A New Method of Laparoscopic Splenorraphy for High-Grade Splenic Injuries.
Surg Innov
PUBLISHED: 10-21-2013
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Background. Laparoscopic splenectomy has been used safely for patients with blunt splenic trauma and failed nonoperative management. Reports of using laparoscopic splenorraphy for spleen salvage were fewer and mainly limited to lower grades of injuries. No study has focused on the role of laparoscopic splenorraphy in the treatment of patients with high grades of splenic injuries. Methods. Medical records of 15 patients with high grades of splenic injuries that required an operation for failed nonoperative management were retrospectively reviewed. They underwent a new technique of sandwich repair laparoscopically for spleen salvage by 3 surgeons who had adequate training in laparoscopy for trauma. Preoperative parameters, sandwich repair technique, perioperative parameters, and postoperative outcomes were evaluated. Results. Fourteen of the 15 (93.3%) patients underwent the technique successfully with 1 patient converting to laparotomy. The median (interquartile range) time to reach hemostasis was 30.0 (26.0-40.0) minutes, and the median overall operation time was 135.0 (120.0-165.0) minutes. Median blood loss amount was 1300.0 (750.0-2300.0) mL. The median length of hospital stay was 8.0 (7.0-11.0) days, and the intensive care unit stay was 2.0 (0.0-4.0) days. No mortality was noted. No rebleeding, total splenic infarction, or intra-abdominal abscess was noted during 3-month follow-up after the operation. Conclusions. The preliminary results show that laparoscopic splenorraphy by the "sandwich repair technique" is feasible and safe for patients with high-grade splenic injuries.
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Onset age affects mortality and renal outcome of female systemic lupus erythematosus patients: a nationwide population-based study in Taiwan.
Rheumatology (Oxford)
PUBLISHED: 10-17-2013
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Objective. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of disease onset age on mortality and renal survival in female SLE patients. Methods. This nationwide, population-based, retrospective cohort study used data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. Female patients newly diagnosed with SLE from 2001 to 2004 were identified as the study cohort. A non-SLE group was matched for age, sex and initial diagnosis date (index date) as the comparison cohort. Co-morbidities, mortality rates and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) incidences were compared among SLE patients of different onset age. Hazard ratios with a 95% CI were determined by the Cox proportional hazard model to quantify the mortality rates and ESRD incidences. Juvenile-onset, adult-onset and late-onset SLE patients were categorized according to disease onset age: <18, 18-50 and >50 years old. Results. In total, 513 juvenile-onset, 3076 adult-onset and 764 late-onset SLE patients were identified. Compared with non-SLE controls, the hazard ratios of mortality were 6.49 (95% CI 3.73, 11.32, P < 0.001) for juvenile-onset, 1.75 (95% CI 1.47, 2.08, P < 0.001) for adult-onset and 3.44 (95% CI 2.76, 4.28, P < 0.001) for late-onset SLE patients. The hazard ratios of incident ESRD were 20.28 (95% CI 12.79, 32.15, P < 0.001) for adult-onset lupus patients and 1.99 (95% CI 1.36, 2.93, P < 0.001) for late-onset patients. Conclusion. Female patients with late-onset SLE carried a higher risk of mortality than those with adult-onset disease in the presence of co-morbidities. Juvenile-onset SLE patients were at greatest risk of mortality, which is probably due to disease severity.
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Taxonomic study of the genera Halogeometricum and Halosarcina: transfer of Halosarcina limi and Halosarcina pallida to the genus Halogeometricum as Halogeometricum limi comb. nov. and Halogeometricum pallidum comb. nov., respectively.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 10-08-2013
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Members of the haloarchaeal genera Halosarcina and Halogeometricum (family Halobacteriaceae) are closely related to each other and show 96.6-98?% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. This is higher than the accepted threshold value (95?%) to separate two genera, and a taxonomic study using a polyphasic approach of all four members of the two genera was conducted to clarify their relationships. Polar lipid profiles indicated that Halogeometricum rufum RO1-4(T), Halosarcina pallida BZ256(T) and Halosarcina limi RO1-6(T) are related more to each other than to Halogeometricum borinquense CGMCC 1.6168(T). Phylogenetic analyses using the sequences of three different genes (16S rRNA gene, rpoB and EF-2) strongly supported the monophyly of these four species, showing that they formed a distinct clade, separate from the related genera Halopelagius, Halobellus, Haloquadratum, Haloferax and Halogranum. The results indicate that the four species should be assigned to the same genus, and it is proposed that Halosarcina pallida and Halosarcina limi be transferred to the genus Halogeometricum as Halogeometricum pallidum comb. nov. (type strain, BZ256(T)?=?KCTC 4017(T)?=?JCM 14848(T)) and Halogeometricum limi comb. nov. (type strain, RO1-6(T)?=?CGMCC 1.8711(T)?=?JCM 16054(T)).
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Halosimplex pelagicum sp. nov. and Halosimplex rubrum sp. nov., isolated from salted brown alga Laminaria, and emended description of the genus Halosimplex.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 09-18-2013
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Two halophilic archaeal strains, R2T and R27T, were isolated from the brown alga Laminaria produced at Dalian, Liaoning Province, China. Both had pleomorphic cells that lysed in distilled water, stained Gram-negative and formed red-pigmented colonies. They grew optimally at 42 °C, pH 7.0 and in the presence of 3.1-3.4 M NaCl and 0.03-0.5 M Mg2+. The major polar lipids of the two strains were phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester (PGP-Me) and four major glycolipids chromatographically identical to those of Halosimplex carlsbadense JCM 11222T. 16S rRNA gene analysis revealed that each strain had two dissimilar 16S rRNA genes and both strains were phylogenetically related to Halosimplex carlsbadense JCM 11222T (92.7-98.8 % similarities). The rpoB gene similarity between strains R2T and R27T, and between these strains and Halosimplex carlsbadense JCM 11222T were 95.7 %, 96.1 % and 95.8 %, respectively. The DNA G+C contents of strains R2T and R27T were 62.5 mol% and 64.0 mol%, respectively. The DNA-DNA hybridization values between strains R2T and R27T and the two strains between Halosimplex carlsbadense JCM 11222T were 43 %, 52 % and 47 %, respectively. It was concluded that strain R2T (= CGMCC 1.10586T = JCM 17263T) and strain R27T (= CGMCC 1.10591T = JCM 17268T) represent two new species of Halosimplex, for which the names Halosimplex pelagicum sp. nov. and Halosimplex rubrum sp. nov. are proposed. Emended description of the genus Halosimplex is also presented.
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The association between Kawasaki disease and allergic diseases, from infancy to school age.
Allergy Asthma Proc
PUBLISHED: 09-04-2013
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Kawasaki disease (KD) is the most common acquired heart disease among preschool children in most industrialized countries. An atopic trend after KD illness has been observed in epidemiological studies. This is consistent with the findings of elevated IgE levels and increased IL-4 in KD patients. However, studies on the early allergic association among children with KD are still limited. This study aimed to evaluate the association between KD and allergic diseases, from infancy to school age. Allergic diseases included atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis (AR), asthma, and urticaria. This matched case-control study used the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan as its data source. Patients born between 1997 and 2004 and with a main diagnosis of KD were retrieved for analysis. A 1:4 matched control group was selected by zip code, gender, and age. The prevalence rates and progression sequence of allergic manifestations were analyzed. During the first 5 years of life, children with KD had higher rates of allergic manifestations. Both groups have similar atopic march. In 2010, at the age of 6-13 years, there were 7072 children with KD and 27,265 children without KD. Children with KD had more AR (odds ratio [OR], 1.30; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.22-1.38) and asthma (OR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.05-1.27) than controls. Children with KD have a higher allergic susceptibility recognized from their 1st year of life. The atopic tendency persists until school age. Additional studies are needed to elucidate the underlying determinants of this distinct immune phenotype.
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Salinarubrum litoreum gen. nov., sp. nov.: a new member of the family Halobacteriaceae isolated from Chinese marine solar salterns.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
PUBLISHED: 08-26-2013
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Three halophilic archaeal strains, XD46(T), YJ-63-S1 and ZS-1-H, were isolated from three Chinese marine solar salterns. All were observed to have pleomorphic cells that lysed in distilled water, stained Gram-negative and formed red-pigmented colonies. They were found to grow optimally at 37 °C, at pH 7.0 and in the presence of 2.6 M NaCl and 0.05 M Mg(2+). The major polar lipids were identified as those typical for members of the Halobacteriaceae but also included major glycolipids chromatographically identical to sulfated mannosyl glucosyl diether (S-DGD-1), mannosyl glucosyl diether (DGD-1) and two unidentified ones. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of the three strains were 99.8-100 % identical, showing most similarity to sequences of members of the family Halobacteriaceae, and clustering together as a distinct clade in phylogenetic tree reconstructions. The rpoB gene similarities between the three strains were 98.7-100 % and lower to the sequences of other halobacteria. Their DNA G+C contents were determined to be 65.1-65.5 mol%. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties suggest that strains XD46(T) (=CGMCC 1.12237(T) = JCM 18649(T)), YJ-63-S1 (=CGMCC 1.12574) and ZS-1-H (=CGMCC 1.12544) represent a novel species in a new genus within the family Halobacteriaceae, for which the name Salinarubrum litoreum gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed.
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Series of dinuclear and tetranuclear lanthanide clusters encapsulated by salen-type and ?-diketionate ligands: single-molecule magnet and fluorescence properties.
Dalton Trans
PUBLISHED: 07-26-2013
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Three dinuclear [Ln2H2OL(1)2(acac)2]·solvent (1, Ln = Gd, solvent = 2CH2Cl2; 2, Ln = Tb, no solvent; 3, Ln = Er, solvent = (C2H5)2O), and two tetranuclear lanthanide clusters [Ln4(?3-OH)2L(2)2(acac)6]·2(solvent) (4, Ln = Tb, solvent = CH3OH; 5, Ln = Dy, solvent = CH3CN) were characterized in terms of structure, fluorescence and magnetism. The dinuclear lanthanide complexes were constructed by a rigid salen-type ligand H2L(1) = N,N-bis(salicylidene)-o-phenylenediamine and ?-diketonate (acac = acetylacetonate) ligands, while the tetranuclear clusters were formed from the flexible ligand H2L(2) = N,N-bis(salicylidene)-1,2-ethanediamine. Crystal structure analysis indicates that the rigid ligand favors the double-decker sandwich structure (Ln2L(1)2), in which the two lanthanide ions have different coordination numbers and geometry, while the more flexible ligand (H2L(2)) leads to planar tetranuclear clusters. The relationship between their respective magnetic anisotropy and ligand-field geometries and their fluorescence properties was investigated. The Dy and Tb-containing clusters exhibit typical visible fluorescence properties, and single-molecule magnet behavior is seen in complex 5.
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Thromboxane A2 mediates iron-overload cardiomyopathy in mice through calcineurin-nuclear factor of activated T cells signaling pathway.
Circ. J.
PUBLISHED: 07-12-2013
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Recent studies demonstrated that iron overload could enhance the production of arachidonic acid and prostanoid, suggesting a causal connection between these signals and iron-overload cardiomyopathy. However, information regarding the downstream signaling is limited. Because thromboxane A2 (TXA2) and prostacyclin are the 2 major prostanoids in the cardiovascular system, and TXA2 plays a major role in vascular atherosclerosis and has pro-inflammatory characteristics, we intended to elucidate the role of TXA2 in iron-overload cardiomyopathy.
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Haloplanus salinus sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon from a Chinese marine solar saltern.
Arch. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2013
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Halophilic archaeal strain YGH66(T) was isolated from the Yinggehai marine solar saltern near the Sanya city of Hainan Province, China. Cells were pleomorphic, flat, stained Gram-negative, and produced pink-pigmented colonies. Strain YGH66(T) was able to grow at 20-50 °C (optimum 37 °C), at 0.9-4.8 M NaCl (optimum 3.1 M NaCl), at 0.005-1.0 M MgCl2 (optimum 0.05 M MgCl2), and at pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum pH 7.0). The cells of strain YGH66(T) were lysed in distilled water, and the minimum NaCl concentration that prevented cell lysis was 5 % (w/v). The major polar lipids of the strain were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, phosphatidylglycerol sulfate, one major glycolipid (GL1) chromatographically identical to sulfated mannosyl glucosyl diether and a minor unidentified lipid (GL2), respectively. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain YGH66(T) was closely related to Haloplanus natans JCM 14081(T), Haloplanus aerogenes TBN37(T), and Haloplanus vescus RO5-8(T) with the similarities of 98.0, 97.6, and 96.9 %, respectively. The rpoB gene similarity between strain YGH66(T) and the current three members of Haloplanus were 90.4-92.8 %. The DNA G+C content of strain YGH66(T) was 67.2 mol %. The DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain YGH66(T) and three members of Haloplanus, H. natans JCM 14081(T), H. aerogenes TBN37(T), H. vescus RO5-8(T) were 50, 46 and 39 %, respectively. It was concluded that strain YGH66(T) represents a novel species of the genus Haloplanus, for which the name Haloplanus salinus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YGH66(T) (=CGMCC 1.12127(T) = JCM 18368(T)).
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Halorubrum rubrum sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon from a Chinese salt lake.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
PUBLISHED: 06-30-2013
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Two halophilic archaeal strains, YC87(T) and YCA11, were isolated from Yuncheng salt lake in Shanxi, China. Cells of the two strains were observed to be pleomorphic rod-shaped, stained Gram-negative and produced red-pigmented colonies. Strain YC87(T) was able to grow at 20-50 °C (optimum 37 °C), at 1.4-4.8 M NaCl (optimum 2.1 M NaCl), at 0.05-1.0 M MgCl2 (optimum 0.3 M MgCl2) and at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum pH 7.0) while strain YCA11 was able to grow at 20-50 °C (optimum 37 °C), at 2.1-4.8 M NaCl (optimum 3.1 M NaCl), at 0.01-0.7 M MgCl2 (optimum 0.1 M MgCl2) and at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum pH 7.5). The cells of both isolates were observed to lyse in distilled water. The minimum NaCl concentrations that prevented cell lysis were determined to be 8 % (w/v) for strain YC87(T) and 12 % (w/v) for strain YCA11. The major polar lipids of the two strains were identified as phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, phosphatidylglycerol sulfate and one major glycolipid chromatographically identical to sulfated mannosyl glucosyl diether; another major glycolipid and trace amounts of several unidentified lipids were also detected. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of the two strains were 99.8 % identical, showing 93.2-98.2 % similarity to members of the genus Halorubrum of the family Halobacteriaceae. The rpoB gene similarity between strains YC87(T) and YCA11 was 99.3 % and showed 87.5-95.2 % similarity to the closest relative members of the genus Halorubrum. The DNA G+C content of strains YC87(T) and YCA11 were determined to be 64.9 and 64.5 mol%, respectively. The DNA-DNA hybridization value between strain YC20(T) and strain YC77 was 87 % and the two strains showed low DNA-DNA relatedness with Halorubrum cibi JCM 15757(T) and Halorubrum aquaticum CGMCC 1.6377(T), the most related members of the genus Halorubrum. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties suggest that strains YC87(T) and YCA11 represent a novel species of the genus Halorubrum, for which the name Halorubrum rubrum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YC87(T) (=CGMCC 1.12124(T) = JCM 18365(T)).
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Halobellus litoreus sp. nov., a Halophilic Archaeon Isolated from a Chinese Marine Solar Saltern.
Curr. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 06-22-2013
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Halophilic archaeal strain GX31(T) was isolated from a marine solar saltern of China. The cells of the strain were rod-shaped and lysed in distilled water, stain Gram-negative and formed red-pigmented colonies. It was neutrophilic, and required at least 0.9 M NaCl and 0-1.0 M MgCl2 for growth under the optimum growth temperature of 37 °C. The major polar lipids of the strain were phosphatidylglycerol (PG), PG phosphate methyl ester, PG sulphate, and two major glycolipids chromatographically identical to sulphated mannosyl glucosyl diether (S-DGD-1) and mannosyl glucosyl diether (DGD-1), respectively. Trace amounts of two unidentified lipids were also detected. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain GX31(T) was closely related to the members of Halobellus of the family Halobacteriaceae with similarities of 94.1-98.7 %. Strain GX31(T) showed 89.8-95.4 % of the rpoB gene similarity to the members of Halobellus. The DNA G+C content of strain GX31(T) was 66.8 mol%. Strain GX31(T) showed low DNA-DNA relatedness with two most related members of the genus Halobellus. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties suggest that strain GX31(T) represent a novel species of the genus Halobellus, for which the name Halobellus litoreus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is GX31(T) (=CGMCC 1.10387(T) = JCM 17118(T)).
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Halobellus rarus sp. nov., a halophilic archaeon from an inland salt lake of China.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
PUBLISHED: 06-08-2013
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Two halophilic archaeal strains, YC21(T) and YC77, were isolated from an inland salt lake of China. Both have pleomorphic rod-shaped cells that lyse in distilled water, stain Gram-negative and form red-pigmented colonies. They are neutrophilic, require at least 2.1 M NaCl for growth under the optimum growth temperature of 37 °C. The major polar lipids of the two strains were phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester (PGP-Me), phosphatidylglycerol sulfate (PGS), two major glycolipids (GL1 and GL2) chromatographically identical to sulfated mannosyl glucosyl diether (S-DGD-1) and mannosyl glucosyl diether (DGD-1), respectively. Trace amounts of two unidentified lipids (GL0-1 and GL0-2) were also detected. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of the two strains are 99.9 % identical, show 94.0-98.9 % similarity to the closest relative members of Halobellus of the family Halobacteriaceae. The rpoB gene similarity between strains YC21(T) and YC77 is 99.8 % and show 90.3-95.3 % similarity to the closest relative members of Halobellus. The DNA G+C content of strains YC21(T) and YC77 were 66.1 and 66.2 mol%, respectively. The DNA-DNA hybridization value between strain YC20(T) and strain YC77 was 89 %, and the two strains showed low DNA-DNA relatedness with Halobellus limi TBN53(T), the most related member of Halobellus. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties suggest that strains YC21(T) and YC77 represent a novel species of the genus Halobellus, for which the name Halobellus rarus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YC21(T) (=CGMCC 1.12121(T) = JCM 18362(T)).
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Halobellus inordinatus sp. nov., from a marine solar saltern and an inland salt lake of China.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 05-31-2013
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Two halophilic archaeal strains, YC20(T) and XD15, were isolated from a marine solar saltern and an inland salt lake in China. Both had pleomorphic cells that lysed in distilled water, stained Gram-negative and formed red-pigmented colonies. They were neutrophilic, requiring at least 100 g NaCl l(-1) and 0.5-95 g MgCl2 l(-1) for growth at the optimum growth temperature of 37 °C. The major polar lipids of the two strains were phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester (PGP-Me), phosphatidylglycerol sulfate (PGS) and two major glycolipids chromatographically identical to sulfated mannosyl glucosyl diether (S-DGD-1) and mannosyl glucosyl diether (DGD-1), respectively. Trace amounts of two unidentified glycolipids were also detected. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of the two strains were 99.5?% identical and showed 94.0-95.9?% similarity to the most closely related members of the genus Halobellus of the family Halobacteriaceae. The rpoB gene sequence similarity between strains YC20(T) and XD15 was 98.2?% and these sequences showed 89.6-92.8?% similarity to those of the most closely related members of the genus Halobellus. The DNA G+C contents of strains YC20(T) and XD15 were 65.8 mol% and 65.4 mol%, respectively. The DNA-DNA hybridization value between strain YC20(T) and strain XD15 was 92?%, and the two strains showed low DNA-DNA relatedness to members of the genus Halobellus. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties suggest that strains YC20(T) and XD15 represent a novel species of the genus Halobellus, for which the name Halobellus inordinatus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YC20(T) (?=?CGMCC 1.12120(T)?=?JCM 18361(T)) and the other strain is XD15 (?=?CGMCC 1.12236?=?JCM 18648).
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Adiponectin ameliorates iron-overload cardiomyopathy through the PPAR?-PGC-1-dependent signaling pathway.
Mol. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2013
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Adiponectin is a circulating adipose-derived cytokine that may act as an antioxidative and anti-inflammatory protein. Although adiponectin has been reported to exert cytoprotective effects in acute cardiac diseases, its effects on chronic heart failure are less clear. Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether adiponectin would have a beneficial effect in iron-induced chronic heart failure and to elucidate its regulation in cardiomyocytes. Mice were first treated with iron dextran for 4 weeks to induce iron-overload cardiomyopathy. They exhibited decreased survival with impaired left ventricle contractility and decreased serum adiponectin levels. In vivo cardiac adiponectin gene (ADIPOQ) overexpression with adenoassociated virus (AAV)-ADIPOQ ameliorated cardiac iron deposition and restored cardiac function in iron-overloaded mice. In addition, AAV-ADIPOQ-treated iron-overload mice had lower expression of inflammatory markers, including myeloperoxidase activity, monocyte chemotactic protein-1, tumor necrosis factor-?, interleukin-6, and intercellular adhesion molecule-1, than iron-overloaded mice not treated with AAV-ADIPOQ. Our in vitro study showed that adiponectin induced heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression through the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)?-HO-1 signaling pathway. Furthermore, the adiponectin-mediated beneficial effects were PPAR?-dependent as the adiponectin-mediated attenuation of iron deposition was abolished in PPAR?-knockout mice. Finally, PPAR?-HO-1 signaling involved PPAR? and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1 (PGC-1) binding and nuclear translocation, and their levels were increased by adiponectin therapy. Together, these findings suggest that adiponectin acts as an anti-inflammatory signaling molecule and induces the expression of HO-1 through the PPAR?-PGC-1 complex-dependent pathway in cardiomyocytes, resulting in the attenuation of iron-induced cardiomyopathy. Using adiponectin for adjuvant therapies in iron-overload cardiac dysfunction may be an option in the future.
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Is low individual socioeconomic status (SES) in high-SES areas the same as low individual SES in low-SES areas: a 10-year follow-up schizophrenia study.
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2013
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This study investigates the relationship between individual and neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) and mortality among patients with schizophrenia.
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The Prostaglandin Agonist Beraprost Aggravates Doxorubicin-Mediated Apoptosis by Increasing iNOS Expression in Cardiomyocytes.
Curr Vasc Pharmacol
PUBLISHED: 05-01-2013
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Doxorubicin (DOX) is widely used as an anti-cancer agent although it causes irreversible cardiomyopathy by increasing oxidative stress and deregulating nitric oxide production. Beraprost (BPS), a stable prostacyclin (PGI2) analog, is a potent vasodilator that has beneficial effects on myocardial ischemia. The objectives of the present study were to delineate the uncertain effects of prostcyclin therapy on DOX induced cardiomyopathy and to explore the mechanisms underlying PGI2 and DOX interaction. For this reason, we stimulated endogenous PGI2 production using bicistronic COX-1/PGIS gene transfer and BPS supplementation, and investigated the effects on DOX-induced cardiomyopathy. Caspase-dependent protein content, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), DNA fragmentation, and TUNEL positive cells were elevated in DOX-treated cardiomyocytes. These indicators were further elevated by adenovirus-COX-1/PGIS transfection or BPS supplementation. In addition, PGI2 overexpression further increased iNOS expression and superoxide accumulation in cardiomyocytes compared with DOX alone, which may be the reason for aggravated cytotoxicity. Moreover, BPS can induce cAMP response elements (CRE) binding to the iNOS promoter and phospho- cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) expression in a cyclic AMP-dependent manner. Our in vivo studies show that MnTBAP and aminoguanidine treatment of DOX and BPS co-administered mice can attenuate caspase-3 and PARP-1 protein expression, and improve mouse survival, as observed in the iNOS gene-deleted mice. In conclusion, we demonstrated that BPS or adv-COX-1/PGIS increases PGI2 levels through iNOS expression and peroxynitrite production, via CREB protein phosphorylation; thereby aggravating DOX-mediated cardiotoxicity.
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Prevalence of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Major Depressive Disorder: A Population-Based Study.
Psychosomatics
PUBLISHED: 04-27-2013
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Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common physical disease among psychiatric patients. We conducted this study to investigate the prevalence and risk of GERD in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) in Taiwan.
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Trends, correlates, and disease patterns of antipsychotic use among children and adolescents in Taiwan.
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 04-27-2013
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We used Taiwans population-based National Health Insurance database to investigate the trends, correlates, and disease patterns of antipsychotic use among children and adolescents.
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[Optimizing the host bacteria to make a large naive phage antibody library in the recombination system].
Yao Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 04-23-2013
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To prepare large naive phage antibody library, the host bacteria with high transformation efficiency is used in the Cre-LoxP recombination system. The variable regions of immunoglobulin light and heavy genes were amplified from lymphocytes collected from adult peripheral blood and newborn cord blood. The genes were spliced to form the single-chain variable fragments (scFv) by overlap PCR, cloned into pDAN5a vector and then transformed into XL2-blue MRF with the Hte gene. Compared with XL1-blue strain, the size of the primary library was increased by 3.9 times. The primary library infected Cre recombinase-expressing bacteria, and the genes between phagemids created many new VH/VL combinations. The library was calculated to have a diversity of 1.7 x 10(11) and validated by the selection of antibodies against six different protein antigens. This library provides the basis for further selection of antibody-based drugs. It is the first time to report that XL2-blue MRF can be used to improve the diversity of the library in the recombination system.
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ATF3 Protects against LPS-Induced Inflammation in Mice via Inhibiting HMGB1 Expression.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med
PUBLISHED: 04-15-2013
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Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) triggers innate immunity mainly via TLR4 signaling. ATF3 is a negative regulator of TLR4 signaling. HMGB1 plays a critical role in the final step of sepsis. However, the mechanisms of ATF3 and the role of HMGB1 in regulating innate immunity-induced sepsis are incompletely understood. In this study, we found that serum HMGB1 levels were 10-fold higher in patients with sepsis than normal controls. We further demonstrated that ATF3 gene knockout in mice subjected to LPS-induced endotoxemia correlates with an increase in the mortality rate and the elevated expression of IL-6, TNF- ? , NO, MCP-1, and HMGB1 in the lung tissues or serum. The biochemical effects of ATF3 were observed in in vitro macrophages and blocked by ATF3 siRNA treatment. We have also shown that adeno-associated virus-mediated ATF3 gene transfer protected ATF3 knockout mice from LPS-induced mortality. In addition, ATF3 knockdown increased LPS-induced release of HMGB1. In conclusion, upregulation of ATF3 contributes to the reduced release of inflammatory molecules, especially HMGB1, which induced lung injury and increased the survival rate of mice after LPS challenge. Therefore, suppressing LPS-induced inflammation with ATF3 induction or ATF3 mimetics may be an important strategy for sepsis therapy.
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SEASON OF BIRTH IN OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER.
Depress Anxiety
PUBLISHED: 04-10-2013
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Effects of season of birth (SOB) have been documented in numerous neuropsychiatric disorders. To date, few studies have evaluated this issue in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The aim of this study was to investigate the birth seasonality in OCD.
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Toll-like receptor 4 activity protects against hepatocellular tumorigenesis and progression by regulating expression of DNA repair protein Ku70 in mice.
Hepatology
PUBLISHED: 04-05-2013
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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a devastating consequence of chronic inflammatory liver diseases. The goal of this study was to investigate whether Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) activity contributes to HCC initiation and progression in mice. A mouse model of diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced HCC was generated with wild-type and TLR4 mutant mice, and the development and progression of HCC and senescent responses were assessed using morphologic, immunological, and biochemical criteria. We found that genetic or pharmacologic blocking of TLR4 increased susceptibility to DEN-induced HCC carcinogenesis and progression, which was indicated by increases in number of tumor nodules, tumor volume, and animal death. The enhanced HCC was associated with a broad-spectrum reduction of immune response to DEN liver injury, as indicated by decreases in the liver-infiltrating F4/80+ macrophages, the apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1/p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase/NF-?B and IRF3 signaling activities, and the expression of inflammatory cytokines. Suppressed immune networks resulted in a halt of cellular senescence induction in TLR4 mutant liver tissue, which promoted proliferation and suppressed programmed cell death. Moreover, TLR4 mutation resulted in a suppressed capacity of DNA repair due to a decrease in TLR4-medicated expression of DNA repair proteins Ku70/80 in liver tissue and cells. Isotopic expression of Ku70 in TLR4 mutant mice restored senescence and interrupted the positive feedback loop of DNA damage and oxidative stress, which reversed TLR4 mutation-deteriorated HCC carcinogenesis and progression. Conclusion: TLR4 plays an integrated defense role against HCC carcinogenesis by enhancing the expression and function of DNA repair protein Ku70. Our studies provide novel insight into TLR4 activity in the regulation of HCC tumorigenesis, which may be useful for the prevention of HCC development.
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Targeting acute myeloid leukemia with a proapoptotic peptide conjugated to a Toll-like receptor 2-mediated cell-penetrating peptide.
Int. J. Cancer
PUBLISHED: 03-31-2013
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Cell-penetrating peptides provide a unique platform to create a new generation of cancer therapeutics with enhanced efficacy and diminished toxicity. In our study, enhanced expression of toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) was observed in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. Screening of a phage display peptide library using Biopanning and Rapid Analysis of Selective Interactive Ligands (BRASIL) identified a TLR2-binding peptide motif, Pep2. We show that the TLR2-binding peptide motif targeted and penetrated into leukemia cells in a TLR2-dependent manner. Moreover, a synthetic, chimeric peptide composed of the TLR2-binding motif linked to a programmed cell death-inducing sequence, D(KLAKLAK)2, induced apoptosis in AML cells with high TLR2 expression (TLR2(high)) but not in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells with low TLR2 expression (TLR2(low)). The antileukemia activity of this chimeric peptide was confirmed in leukemia patient samples and an animal model of myeloid leukemia, as the development of leukemia was significantly delayed in mice with TLR2(high) AML compared to TLR2(low) CML NOD/SCID mice. TUNEL assays on bone marrow tissue slices revealed that the chimerical peptide induced leukemia cell apoptosis in a TLR2-dependent manner. Together, our findings indicate that TLR2 is a potential therapeutic target for the prevention and treatment of AML, and the prototype, Pep2-D(KLAKLAK)2, is a promising drug candidate in this setting.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.