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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Tool use specific adult neurogenesis and synaptogenesis in rodent (Octodon degus) hippocampus.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 02-07-2013
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We previously demonstrated that degus (Octodon degus), which are a species of small caviomorph rodents, could be trained to use a T-shaped rake as a hand tool to expand accessible spaces. To elucidate the neurobiological underpinnings of this higher brain function, we compared this tool use learning task with a simple spatial (radial maze) memory task and investigated the changes that were induced in the hippocampal neural circuits known to subserve spatial perception and learning. With the exposure to an enriched environment in home cage, adult neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus was augmented by tool use learning, but not radial maze learning, when compared to control conditions. Furthermore, the proportion of new synapses formed in the CA3 region of the hippocampus, the target area for projections of mossy fiber axons emanating from newborn neurons, was specifically increased by tool use learning. Thus, active tool use behavior by rodents, learned through multiple training sessions, requires the hippocampus to generate more novel neurons and synapses than spatial information processing in radial maze learning.
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Scale: a chemical approach for fluorescence imaging and reconstruction of transparent mouse brain.
Nat. Neurosci.
PUBLISHED: 03-21-2011
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Optical methods for viewing neuronal populations and projections in the intact mammalian brain are needed, but light scattering prevents imaging deep into brain structures. We imaged fixed brain tissue using Scale, an aqueous reagent that renders biological samples optically transparent but completely preserves fluorescent signals in the clarified structures. In Scale-treated mouse brain, neurons labeled with genetically encoded fluorescent proteins were visualized at an unprecedented depth in millimeter-scale networks and at subcellular resolution. The improved depth and scale of imaging permitted comprehensive three-dimensional reconstructions of cortical, callosal and hippocampal projections whose extent was limited only by the working distance of the objective lenses. In the intact neurogenic niche of the dentate gyrus, Scale allowed the quantitation of distances of neural stem cells to blood vessels. Our findings suggest that the Scale method will be useful for light microscopy-based connectomics of cellular networks in brain and other tissues.
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Ipomotaosides A-D, resin glycosides from the aerial parts of Ipomoea batatas and their inhibitory activity against COX-1 and COX-2.
J. Nat. Prod.
PUBLISHED: 10-20-2010
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Four new resin glycosides, namely, ipomotaosides A-D (1-4), were isolated from the dried aerial parts of Ipomoea batatas. The structures of 1-4 were elucidated by analysis of their spectroscopic data and by chemical derivatization and were tested for their anti-inflammatory activity against cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and -2.
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Russujaponols G-L, illudoid sesquiterpenes, and their neurite outgrowth promoting activity from the fruit body of Russula japonica.
Chem. Pharm. Bull.
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2009
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Six new illudoid sesquiterpene, russujaponols G-L (1-6) were isolated from the fruit bodies of Russula japonica. Their structures were established primarily by 2D NMR experiments. Furthermore, russujaponols I-K showed neurite outgrowth promoting activity in the primary cultured rat cortical neurons.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.