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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Birth weight is associated with placental fat mass- and obesity-associated gene expression and promoter methylation in a Chinese population.
J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.
PUBLISHED: 11-15-2014
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Abstract Objective: To explore the relationship between birth weight and fat mass- and obesity-associated (FTO) gene expression and promoter methylation status in the Chinese population. Methods: Seventy-five neonates and their mothers were recruited from Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University. Subjects were divided into three groups by birth weight: low (<3500 g, n=20), medium (3500-3999 g, n=30) and high (?4000 g, n=25). Placental FTO transcript levels and promoter methylation were determined by quantitative PCR and Sequenom MassARRAY®. Results: Placental FTO mRNA expression was significantly increased in the High- and Medium-weight groups compared to the Low-weight group (P=0.023). Methylation rates of CpG11 sites were significantly decreased in high-birth weight newborns (P=0.018). Multiple linear regressions showed placental FTO mRNA, maternal pre-pregnancy BMI, and CpG11 methylation rate were independently associated with increased fetal birth weight. Additionally, FTO mRNA expression was negatively associated with CpG6.7.8.9 methylation in mothers that underwent C-section. Conclusions: High placental FTO expression is associated with increased birth weight in Chinese neonates, and FTO promoter methylation level at a specific CpG site is negatively associated with birth weight. Further work is needed to determine the functionality of this CpG site in placentas.
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Effects of Bisphenol S on the Structures and Activities of Trypsin and Pepsin.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
PUBLISHED: 11-11-2014
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The effects of bisphenol S on the structures and activities of trypsin and pepsin were investigated by various methods like UV-visible absorbance, fluorescence, circular dichroism, and molecular docking. The secondary and tertiary structures of trypsin and pepsin were altered by bisphenol S binding, which resulted in the loosening of the skeletons of trypsin and pepsin. In addition, bisphenol S induced microenvironmental changes around tyrosine and tryptophan residues of trypsin and pepsin. The activity experimental results showed that the activity of pepsin decreases obviously with the increasing concentration of BPS, while the activity of trypsin does not change remarkably. The binding and thermodynamic parameters obtained by molecular docking and fluorescence spectroscopy showed that the bindings of bisphenol S to trypsin and pepsin were spontaneous processes and hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions played a vital role in stabilizing the bisphenol S-trypsin and bisphenol S-pepsin complexes. The binding constants (KA) of bisphenol S with trypsin were 7.42 × 10(4) (298 K) and 5.91 × 10(4) L/mol (310 K), and those of pepsin were 5.78 × 10(4) (298 K) and 4.44 × 10(4) L/mol (310 K). Moreover, there was one main kind of binding site for bisphenol S on trypsin or pepsin.
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Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Signal Transduction in Solid Tumors.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 11-07-2014
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Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) is an important signaling pathway in living beings in response to extracellular stimuli. There are 5 main subgroups manipulating by a set of sequential actions: ERK(ERK1/ ERK2), c-Jun N(JNK/SAPK), p38 MAPK(p38?, p38?, p38? and p38?), and ERK3/ ERK4/ ERK5. When stimulated, factors of upstream or downstream change, and by interacting with each other, these groups have long been recognized to be related to multiple biologic processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation, death, migration, invasion and inflammation. However, once abnormally activated, cancer may occur. Several components of the MAPK network have already been proposed as targets in cancer therapy, such as p38, JNK, ERK, MEK, RAF, RAS, and DUSP1. Among them, alteration of the RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK-MAPK(RAS-MAPK) pathway has frequently been reported in human cancer as a result of abnormal activation of receptor tyrosine kinases or gain-of-function mutations in genes. The reported roles of MAPK signaling in apoptotic cell death are controversial, so that further in-depth investigations are needed to address these controversies. Based on an extensive analysis of published data, the goal of this review is to provide an overview on recent studies about the mechanism of MAP kinases, and how it generates certain tumors, as well as related treatments.
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TXNDC5 Mediates Serum Starvation-induced Proliferation Inhibition of HeLa Cell.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 11-01-2014
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Objective To investigate the role of TXNDC5 in serum starvation-induced proliferation inhibition of HeLa cell. Methods TXNDC5 was either over-expressed or knocked down by small interfering RNA(siRNA)in HeLa cells which were then cultured in conventional medium or serum starvation medium. The protein level of TXNDC5 was evaluated by Western blot analysis. The mRNA level of TXNDC5 was measured by quantitative real-time PCR. Cell growth rate was determined by cell proliferation assay kit(MTS method). Cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry. Results Serum starvation mildly reduced the mRNA level of TXNDC5(P<0.05),but dramatically increased the protein level of TXNDC5 in HeLa cells. The stability of TXNDC5 mRNA remained unchanged. Cycloheximide abolished the serum starvation-induced up-regulation of TXNDC5 protein. Over-expression of TXNDC5 had no effect on cell proliferation. However,suppression of TXNDC5 attenuated the proliferation inhibition of HeLa cell induced by serum starvation(P<0.05),increased the proportion of cells in S phase(P<0.05),but had no effect on cell apoptosis. Conclusion TXNDC5 mediates serum starvation-induced proliferation inhibition of HeLa cell.
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Three-Port Laparoscopic Exploration is not Sufficient for Patients with T4 Gastric Cancer.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 10-24-2014
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Gastric cancer continues to be a leading cause of cancer death. The majority of patients with gastric adenocarcinoma in China present with advanced disease. Ruling out unresectable cancers from an unnecessary ''open'' exploration is very important. The aim of this study was to assess the value of five-port anatomical laparoscopic exploration in T4 gastric cancer in comparison with three-port laparoscopic exploration and laparotomy exploration. We conducted a retrospective study on 126 patients with T4 stage scheduled for D2 curative gastrectomy based on computed tomography (CT) staging at Department of Gastric Cancer and Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, from Apr. 2011 to Apr. 2013. Laparotomy exploration (Group I), three-port laparoscopic exploration (Group II) or five-port anatomical laparoscopic exploration (Group III) were performed prior to radical gastrectomy. Accuracy rate for feasibility of D2 curative gastrectomy in laparotomy exploration and five-port anatomical laparoscopic exploration groups was higher than that in the three-port laparoscopic exploration group. Five-port anatomical laparoscopic exploration group had the highest accuracy resection rate (Group I vs Group II vs Group III,92.6% vs78.6% vs 97.7%; p<0.05) and shorter length of hospitalization (Group I vs Group II vs Group III, 9.58±4.17 vs 6.13±2.85 vs 5.00±1.81; p<0.001). Three-port laparoscopic exploration has low accuracy rate for assessing feasibility of D2 curative gastrectomy and five-port anatomical laparoscopic exploration should be performed on patients with T4 gastric cancer.
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AnimalTFDB 2.0: a resource for expression, prediction and functional study of animal transcription factors.
Nucleic Acids Res.
PUBLISHED: 09-29-2014
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Transcription factors (TFs) are key regulators for gene expression. Here we updated the animal TF database AnimalTFDB to version 2.0 (http://bioinfo.life.hust.edu.cn/AnimalTFDB/). Using the improved prediction pipeline, we identified 72 336 TF genes, 21 053 transcription co-factor genes and 6502 chromatin remodeling factor genes from 65 species covering main animal lineages. Besides the abundant annotations (basic information, gene model, protein functional domain, gene ontology, pathway, protein interaction, ortholog and paralog, etc.) in the previous version, we made several new features and functions in the updated version. These new features are: (i) gene expression from RNA-Seq for nine model species, (ii) gene phenotype information, (iii) multiple sequence alignment of TF DNA-binding domains, and the weblogo and phylogenetic tree based on the alignment, (iv) a TF prediction server to identify new TFs from input sequences and (v) a BLAST server to search against TFs in AnimalTFDB. A new nice web interface was designed for AnimalTFDB 2.0 allowing users to browse and search all data in the database. We aim to maintain the AnimalTFDB as a solid resource for TF identification and studies of transcription regulation and comparative genomics.
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Systematic review of traditional chinese medicine for depression in Parkinson's disease.
Am. J. Chin. Med.
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2014
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Depression is the most common non-motor symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). Recent clinical trials have evaluated the effectiveness of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of depression in PD (dPD). However, the results are conflicting rather than conclusive. To investigate the effectiveness of TCM for the treatment of dPD, a systematic review was conducted. Literature searches and collections were performed to identify studies addressing the treatment of TCM for dPD. The methodological quality and risk of bias in all studies included were evaluated. Weighted mean difference (WMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was used as the effect measure. Finally, a total of 10 studies involving 582 patients were identified. The pooled results revealed that TCM combined with conventional drugs significantly improved the total scores of the unified Parkinson's disease rating scale (WMD = -7.35, 95% CI: -11.24 to -3.47) and the score of the Hamilton rating scale for depression (HAM-D) (WMD = -4.19, 95% CI: -5.14 to -3.24) compared with conventional drug, respectively. Conclusively, there is evidence that TCM may be beneficial to the treatment of dPD in spite of the methodological weakness of the included studies.
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Synthesis and biological evaluation of liguzinediol mono- and dual ester prodrugs as promising inotropic agents.
Molecules
PUBLISHED: 09-02-2014
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The potent positive inotropic effect, together with the relatively low safety risk of liguzinediol (LZDO), relative to currently available inotropic drugs, has prompted us to intensively research and develop LZDO as a potent positive inotropic agent. In this study, to obtain LZDO alternatives for oral chronic administration, a series of long-chain fatty carboxylic mono- and dual-esters of LZDO were synthesized, and preliminarily evaluated for physicochemical properties and bioconversion. Enhanced lipophilic properties and decreased solubility of the prodrugs were observed as the side chain length increased. All esters showed conspicuous chemical stability in phosphate buffer (pH 7.4). Moreover, the enzymatic hydrolysis of esters in human plasma and human liver microsomes confirmed that the majority of esters were converted to LZDO, with release profiles that varied due to the size and structure of the side chain. In vivo pharmacokinetic studies following oral administration of monopivaloyl (M5), monodecyl (M10) and monododecyl (M12) esters demonstrated the evidently extended half-lives relative to LZDO dosed alone. In particular the monopivaloyl ester M5 exhibited an optimal pharmacokinetic profile with appropriate physiochemical characteristics.
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Exploring the interactions of decabrominateddiphenyl ether and tetrabromobisphenol A with human serum albumin.
Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 08-23-2014
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Decabrominateddiphenyl ether (deca-BDE) and tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) are known as brominated flame-retardants, which are commonly found in the environment. The binding mechanisms of deca-BDE and TBBPA with human serum albumin (HSA) are still unknown. In this report, the interactions of deca-BDE and TBBPA with HSA were investigated using different spectroscopic methods and molecular modeling. The experimental results indicated the formation of complexes between deca-BDE/TBBPA and HSA with different affinity. These interactions affected the secondary structure of HSA. Thermodynamic investigations revealed that hydrophobic forces mainly drove the binding interactions of deca-BDE/TBBPA with HSA. For TBBPA, hydrogen-bonding interactions were also involved in the binding process of TBBPA with HSA. According to the analysis of experimental and theoretical data, we concluded that the binding site of deca-BDE to HSA located in the subdomain IB, while TBBPA was near to subdomain IIA and Trp-214. The binding interactions of deca-BDE and TBBPA with the most prominent carrier protein in the human circulatory system could influence mechanisms of their biochemical processes. Thus, these binding interactions can play central roles in studying the distribution and toxicity mechanisms of brominated flame-retardants.
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Synergic effect between 5?fluorouracil and celecoxib on hypoxic gastric cancer cells.
Mol Med Rep
PUBLISHED: 08-14-2014
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5?fluorouracil (5?FU) is commonly used in the treatment of gastric cancer; however, resistance to this drug occurs under hypoxic conditions. Celecoxib may be used to reverse this resistance. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the inhibitory effects and mechanisms of 5?FU and celecoxib on the gastric cancer cell line SGC7901 under hypoxic conditions. SGC7901 cells were divided into four groups: Hypoxic control group, 5?FU group, celecoxib group and 5?FU/celecoxib combination group. Following treatment, the inhibition rates of cells were determined using an MTT assay. Protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of hypoxia?inducible factor 2? (HIF?2?), adenosine triphosphate?binding cassette sub?family G member 2 (ABCG2) and octamer binding protein 4 (Oct?4) were determined using immunohistochemistry, reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT?qPCR) and western blot analysis. The results demonstrated that the 5?FU/celecoxib combination group had a significantly higher inhibition rate than the individually treated 5?FU and celecoxib groups (P<0.05); inhibition rates were 66.09, 52.61 and 46.1%, respectively. mRNA and protein expression levels of HIF?2?, ABCG2 and Oct?4 were significantly lower in the celecoxib and 5?FU/celecoxib combination groups (P<0.01) compared with those of the hypoxia control and 5?FU groups. The 5?FU group demonstrated the highest levels of the respective mRNA and proteins. In conclusion, the results of the present study indicated that celecoxib had anti?tumor effects, as it was shown to inhibit tumor cell growth via the inhibition of HIF?2?, ABCG2 and Oct?4. The 5?FU/celecoxib combination had a synergic effect on tumor growth inhibition. This therefore suggested that inhibition of HIF?2?, ABCG2 and Oct?4 may be a potential method of reducing chemotherapy resistance and enhancing the effectiveness of chemotherapy treatment.
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cDNA clone and expression analysis of ?-Tropomyosin during Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) metamorphosis.
Zool. Res.
PUBLISHED: 07-15-2014
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Tropomyosin (TM) plays a critical role in skeletal and cardiac muscle development and function. To assess the functional significance of ?-TM in Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) development and metamorphosis, cDNA from Japanese flounder was cloned and ?-TM mRNA measured during development and metamorphosis. The full-length cDNA is 1 191 bp, including a 5'-untranslated region of 114 bp, a 3'-UTR of 222 bp, and an open reading frame of 855 bp encoding a polypeptide of 284 amino acids. Real-time quantitative PCR revealed that ?-TM mRNA is initially expressed in unfertilized ovum, indicating the ?-TM gene is maternal. Relatively low mRNA levels were observed in different embryonic stages. A higher level of ?-TM mRNA was detected 3 days post hatching (dph), while the highest level was measured at 29 dph (metamorphic climax) after which it declined towards the end of metamorphosis. The expression of ?-TM mRNA was up-regulated in thyroid hormone-treated larvae at 36 dph, but there was no marked difference at other stages when compared to control animals. After thiourea treatment, the expression of ?-TM mRNA declined slightly. These data provide basic information that can be utilized in further studies into the role of ?-TM in P. olivaceus development and metamorphosis.
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[Role of catecholamine hormone in heroin addicts].
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-15-2014
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To investigate the effects of catecholamine hormone on the blood and brain of heroin addicts.
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Binding of hydroxylated single-walled carbon nanotubes to two hemoproteins, hemoglobin and myoglobin.
J. Photochem. Photobiol. B, Biol.
PUBLISHED: 07-08-2014
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Herein, we studied the binding interactions between hydroxylated single-walled carbon nanotubes and hemoglobin and myoglobin by the use of multi-spectral techniques and molecular modeling. The ultraviolet-vis absorbance and circular dichroism spectral results indicated that the binding interactions existed between hydroxylated single-walled carbon nanotubes and hemoglobin/myoglobin. These binding interactions partially affected the soret/heme bands of hemoglobin and myoglobin. The secondary structures of hemoproteins were partially destroyed by hydroxylated single-walled carbon nanotubes. Fluorescence studies suggested that the complexes formed between hydroxylated single-walled carbon nanotubes and hemoglobin/myoglobin by hydrogen bonding, hydrophobic, and ?-? stacking interactions. In addition, molecular modeling analysis well supported the experimental results.
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Melatonin: a well-documented antioxidant with conditional pro-oxidant actions.
J. Pineal Res.
PUBLISHED: 07-08-2014
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Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine), an indoleamine produced in many organs including the pineal gland, was initially characterized as a hormone primarily involved in circadian regulation of physiological and neuroendocrine function. Subsequent studies found that melatonin and its metabolic derivatives possess strong free radical scavenging properties. These metabolites are potent antioxidants against both ROS (reactive oxygen species) and RNS (reactive nitrogen species). The mechanisms by which melatonin and its metabolites protect against free radicals and oxidative stress include direct scavenging of radicals and radical products, induction of the expression of antioxidant enzymes, reduction of the activation of pro-oxidant enzymes, and maintenance of mitochondrial homeostasis. In both in vitro and in vivo studies, melatonin has been shown to reduce oxidative damage to lipids, proteins and DNA under a very wide set of conditions where toxic derivatives of oxygen are known to be produced. Although the vast majority of studies proved the antioxidant capacity of melatonin and its derivatives, a few studies using cultured cells found that melatonin promoted the generation of ROS at pharmacological concentrations (?m to mm range) in several tumor and nontumor cells; thus, melatonin functioned as a conditional pro-oxidant. Mechanistically, melatonin may stimulate ROS production through its interaction with calmodulin. Also, melatonin may interact with mitochondrial complex III or mitochondrial transition pore to promote ROS production. Whether melatonin functions as a pro-oxidant under in vivo conditions is not well documented; thus, whether the reported in vitro pro-oxidant actions come into play in live organisms remains to be established.
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Construction of recombinant adenovirus vector containing hBMP2 and hVEGF165 genes and its expression in rabbit Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.
Tissue Cell
PUBLISHED: 07-02-2014
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To construct an adenovirus vector co-expressing human bone morphogenetic protein (hBMP2) and human vascular endothelial growth factor (hVEGF165) as well as green fluorescence protein (GFP) as a marker, with which the intracellular expression of the inserted genes could be identified in Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs). BMP2 and VEGF165 genes were PCR amplified from a cDNA library and inserted to the polyclonal site of adenovirus shuttle plasmid pAd-MCMV-GFP. The virus solution (Ad-BMP2-VEGF165) was generated by co-transfecting HEK293 cells with the constructed recombinant shuttle plasmid pAd-MCMV-BMP2-VEGF165 and adenovirus helper plasmid pBHGlox? (delta) E1, 3Cre. The virus solution was further purified and virus titer was determined accordingly. The expression of the target genes was subsequently detected and quantified in rabbit BM-MSCs by using real time PCR, ELISA and Western blotting. The recombinant adenovirus vector containing BMP2 and VEGF165 (Ad-BMP2-VEGF165) was successfully constructed, which was confirmed by Sanger sequencing, colony PCR, as well as visually detection of GFP, and the titer of the adenovirus was 1×10(10)PFU/mL, and the proteins level of BMP2 and VEGF165 secreted in the supernatant are significantly higher than the control. Recombinant adenovirus vector containing hBMP2 and hVEGF165 genes was successfully constructed. The transfection rate of BM-MSCs by the adenovirus was high (95% at 100 MOI) and the BMP2 and VEGF165 genes was highly expressed in the cells. The present study provides a method to efficiently express the target genes in BM-MSCs and an vector for further research of bone defect repair using dual genes of BMP2 and VEGF165.
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Dominant drug targets suppress the emergence of antiviral resistance.
Elife
PUBLISHED: 06-28-2014
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The emergence of drug resistance can defeat the successful treatment of pathogens that display high mutation rates, as exemplified by RNA viruses. Here we detail a new paradigm in which a single compound directed against a 'dominant drug target' suppresses the emergence of naturally occurring drug-resistant variants in mice and cultured cells. All new drug-resistant viruses arise during intracellular replication and initially express their phenotypes in the presence of drug-susceptible genomes. For the targets of most anti-viral compounds, the presence of these drug-susceptible viral genomes does not prevent the selection of drug resistance. Here we show that, for an inhibitor of the function of oligomeric capsid proteins of poliovirus, the expression of drug-susceptible genomes causes chimeric oligomers to form, thus rendering the drug-susceptible genomes dominant. The use of dominant drug targets should suppress drug resistance whenever multiple genomes arise in the same cell and express products in a common milieu.
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In vitro and in silico investigations of the binding interactions between chlorophenols and trypsin.
J. Hazard. Mater.
PUBLISHED: 05-29-2014
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Being the first-degree toxic pollutants, chlorophenols (CP) have potential carcinogenic and mutagenic activity and toxicity. Since there still lacks studies on molecular interactions of chlorophenols with trypsin, one major binding target of many exogenous environmental pollutants, the binding interactions between five chlorophenols, 2-CP, 2,6-DCP, 2,4,6-TCP, 2,4,6-TCP, 2,3,4,6-TCP and PCP and trypsin were characterized by the combination of multispectroscopic techniques and molecular modeling. The chlorophenols bind at the one main site of trypsin and the binding induces the changes of microenvironment and global conformations of trypsin. Different number of chloride atoms significantly affects the binding and the binding constants KA ranks as KA (2-CP) < KA (2,6-DCP) ? KA (2,4,6-TCP) < KA (2,3,4,6-TCP) < KA (PCP). These chlorophenols interacts with trypsin mainly through hydrophobic interactions and via hydrogen bonding interactions and aromatic-aromatic ?-? stacking interaction. Our results offer insights into the binding mechanism of chlorophenols with trypsin and provide important information for possible toxicity risk of chlorophenols to human health.
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Interaction of a hydrophobic-functionalized PAMAM dendrimer with bovine serum albumin: thermodynamic and structural changes.
Langmuir
PUBLISHED: 05-09-2014
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The interaction between a hydrophobic-functionalized PAMAM dendrimer (PAMAM-NH2-C12, 25%, G4) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) has been investigated by circular dichroism (CD), UV-vis, and fluorescence spectroscopic methods and molecular modeling. The analysis of the effects of dendrimer complexation on the stability and conformation of BSA indicated that the binding process of the hydrophobic-functionalized dendrimer with BSA induced the relatively large changes in secondary structure of protein. Thermal denaturation of BSA, when carried out in the presence of dendrimer, also indicated that this hydrophobic-functionalized dendrimer acted as a structure destabilizer for BSA. The hydrophobic, electrostatic, and hydrogen bonding forces played important roles in the complex formation. The putative binding site of PAMAM-NH2-C12 (25%) dendrimer on BSA was near to domain I and domain II. The effect of hydrophobic modification on the stability and structure of BSA would find useful information on the cytotoxicity of PAMAM dendrimer.
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Changes of Flavor Compounds of Hydrolyzed Chicken Bone Extracts during Maillard Reaction.
J. Food Sci.
PUBLISHED: 04-02-2014
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Flavor quality, including non-volatile and volatile compounds, of hydrolyzed chicken bone extracts (HCBE) during Maillard reaction (MR) was evaluated with HPLC, tasting sensory system, Electronic-Nose (E-nose), and GC-MS. Results showed that flavor amino acids (AA) accounted for 72% to 74% of total free AA in HCBE. Taste of umami increased first and then decreased during MR, while equivalent umami concentration remained at a stable level. Results of taste sensing system and bitter AA showed that MR could reduce the bitter taste of HCBE significantly. E-Nose test showed there are great changes of volatile flavor during MR. And total of 59 volatile compounds were identified in HCBE during MR, which should responsible for the increase of flavor in HCBE. Our results indicated that MR could be used as an effective way to change the flavor compounds in HCBE, and therefore provide a strategy for preparation of meaty flavor enhancer from bone residue as a byproduct of meat industry.
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Binding of a new bisphenol analogue, bisphenol S to bovine serum albumin and calf thymus DNA.
J. Photochem. Photobiol. B, Biol.
PUBLISHED: 03-21-2014
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Interactions of bisphenol S, a new bisphenol analogue with bovine serum albumin and calf thymus DNA were investigated using different spectroscopic methods and molecular modeling calculation. According to the analysis of experimental and theoretical data, we concluded that hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen bonding primarily mediated the binding processes of bisphenol S with bovine serum albumin and DNA. In addition, the electrostatic force should not be excluded. Molecular modeling studies indicated that the binding site of bisphenol S to bovine serum albumin located in the subdomain IB, while bisphenol S was a groove binder of DNA. In addition, BPS did not obviously induce second structural changes of bovine serum albumin, but it induced a conformational change of calf thymus DNA.
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PKC in developmental hypothyroid rat brain.
Neurol. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 03-10-2014
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Thyroid hormone (TH) is essential for the proper development of mammalian central nervous system. TH deficiency during the critical period of brain development results in permanent cognitive and neurological impairments. Members of the protein kinase C (PKC) family play a key role in the regulation of cellular functions in the nervous system. Alteration of PKC can be involved in the pathogenesis of neuronal disorders. This review details recent progress made in determining the roles played by PKC isoforms in developing hypothyroid rat brain. Evidence indicates that hippocampus down-regulation of PKC? and PKC? may be related to impaired learning and memory observed in perinatal hypothyroid rats. Enhanced PKC? activity in neonatal hypothyroid brain may bring about oxidative stress and cause brain damage. The activated pro-apoptotic PKCs including PKC? can cause extensive apoptosis in the hypothyroid rat brain.
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Effect of TiO2 nanoparticles on the structure and activity of catalase.
Chem. Biol. Interact.
PUBLISHED: 03-09-2014
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TiO2 nanoparticles are the most widely used metal oxide nanoparticles and have oxidative toxicity. Catalase is an important antioxidant enzyme. Here the understanding of an effect of TiO2 nanoparticles on the activity and structure of catalase is crucial to characterize the toxicity of TiO2 nanoparticles. These experimental data revealed that TiO2 nanoparticles could bind to catalase by the electrostatic and hydrogen bonding forces. On binding TiO2 nanoparticles, catalase got destabilized with the decrease of ?-helices content, the solvent polarity of environment around the fluorescence chromophores on catalase were also affected. In addition, TiO2 nanoparticles also affected the activity of catalase. TiO2 nanoparticles acted as an activator of catalase activity at a low molar concentration and as an inhibitor at a higher molar concentration. With regard to human health, the present study could provide a better understanding of the potential nanotoxicity of TiO2 nanoparticles.
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Increased plasma levels of the methylglyoxal in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes 2.
J Diabetes
PUBLISHED: 03-09-2014
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Methylglyoxal (MG) is a reactive-dicarbonyl that is thought to contribute to the development of diabetes either as a precursor for advanced glycation end products or as a direct toxin. The present study was designed to determine plasma MG level in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and to evaluate the relationship between MG and other parameters, such as oxidative stress and metabolic indices.
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Research progress on the anticarcinogenic actions and mechanisms of ellagic acid.
Cancer Biol Med
PUBLISHED: 03-04-2014
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Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. Cancer treatments by chemotherapeutic agents, surgery, and radiation have not been highly effective in reducing the incidence of cancers and increasing the survival rate of cancer patients. In recent years, plant-derived compounds have attracted considerable attention as alternative cancer remedies for enhancing cancer prevention and treatment because of their low toxicities, low costs, and low side effects. Ellagic acid (EA) is a natural phenolic constituent. Recent in vitro and in vivo experiments have revealed that EA elicits anticarcinogenic effects by inhibiting tumor cell proliferation, inducing apoptosis, breaking DNA binding to carcinogens, blocking virus infection, and disturbing inflammation, angiogenesis, and drug-resistance processes required for tumor growth and metastasis. This review enumerates the anticarcinogenic actions and mechanisms of EA. It also discusses future directions on the applications of EA.
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Effects of ulinastatin administered at different time points on the pathological morphologies of the lung tissues of rats with hyperthermia.
Exp Ther Med
PUBLISHED: 02-27-2014
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Hyperthermia not only directly induces cell injury of body tissues, but also causes the body to release large amounts of inflammatory mediators and cells with extensive biological activities to induce a systemic inflammatory response and immune dysfunction. Thus, hyperthermia causes systemic inflammatory response syndrome, aggravating injuries to various organs. This study aimed to observe the effects of ulinastatin (UTI) administered at different time points on the cellular morphologies of the lung tissues of rats with systemic hyperthermia. A total of 40 male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups: The normal control group (C group), the hyperthermia group without medication (H group), the hyperthermia and UTI pre-treatment group (HU group), the group treated with UTI at 1 h after hyperthermia (HU1 group), and the group treated with UTI at 2 h after hyperthermia (HU2 group). The systemic hyperthermia rat model was established in a heating chamber with a biological oxygen supply. For the HU, HU1 and HU2 groups, UTI (5×10(4) U/kg) was administered at different time points. For the C and H groups, an equivalent volume of normal saline was administered. During heating, the respiratory frequency and rectal temperature were measured and recorded once every 30 min. After 2.5 h of heating, the wet/dry weight (W/D) ratio of the lung tissues of the rats was measured. Additionally, the cellular morphologies of the lung tissues were observed under light and electron microscopes. The respiratory frequencies and lung tissue W/D ratios of the rats in the various hyperthermia groups were significantly higher than those of the rats in the C group (all P<0.05). The respiratory frequencies and lung tissue W/D values of the HU and HU1 groups were significantly lower than those of the H group (all P<0.05). Under the light microscope, the bronchial surrounding tissues of the HU and HU1 groups were loose, and the majority of the pulmonary alveolar structures were normal; the H and HU2 groups presented a number of changes, including pulmonary interstitial hyperemia, alveolar epithelial swelling and emphysema. Under the electron microscope, it was observed in the type II epithelial cells of the pulmonary alveoli of the H group that the mitochondria were swollen, the cell ridges were shortened, the microvilli were thin and increased, and the alveolar wall was thickened. Also, an increased number of infiltrating neutrophils were visible. In addition, the type II epithelial cells of the HU2 group also presented these changes to different extents and the changes in the HU and HU1 groups were the mildest. These results indicate that the early application of UTI relieves edema and the extent of cell injury of the lung tissue in rats with systemic hyperthermia.
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Quest for the binding mode of tetrabromobisphenol A with Calf thymus DNA.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc
PUBLISHED: 02-24-2014
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The binding interaction of tetrabromobisphenol A with Calf thymus DNA was studied by multi-spectroscopic and molecular modeling methods. The UV-vis study revealed that an obvious interaction between tetrabromobisphenol A and Calf thymus DNA happened. The ?-?(?) transitions and the electron cloud of tetrabromobisphenol A might be changed by entering the groove of Calf thymus DNA. From the fluorescence spectral and thermodynamics studies, it was concluded that the hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic force played a major role in the binding of tetrabromobisphenol A to Calf thymus DNA. The molecular modeling study showed that the possible sites of tetrabromobisphenol A in the groove of DNA. Circular dichroism study also depicted that tetrabromobisphenol A bond to DNA. These above results would further advance our knowledge on the molecular mechanism of the binding interactions of brominated flame-retardants with nucleic acid.
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Development of a novel method for hot-pressure extraction of protein from chicken bone and the effect of enzymatic hydrolysis on the extracts.
Food Chem
PUBLISHED: 02-12-2014
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To investigate the hot-pressure extraction of protein from chicken bone (CB), chicken bone extracts (CBE) was prepared from CB by heating at 130±0.5 °C for 120 min, followed by filtration, standing, defatting, and concentration. Effects of enzymatic hydrolysis on the properties of hydrolysates were examined. Results showed CBE contained 25.59% of protein, and showed a desirable value of protein digestibility-corrected amino acid score for adult. The total amino acid (AA) content of CBE is 21.99%, among which 40.62% and 54.66% are essential and fresh AA, respectively. Forty kinds of volatile compounds were identified after 24 h of hydrolysis, with 2,3,5-trimethylpyrazine as the key flavor compound. After 8 h of hydrolysis of CBE, the content of small MW of peptides (400-1000 Da) increased by 74 times compared with that of 1 h. CBE and its hydrolysates demonstrate a new kind of potential suitable nutritional supplement in various foods.
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High-salt intake induced visceral adipose tissue hypoxia and its association with circulating monocyte subsets in humans.
Obesity (Silver Spring)
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2014
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To investigate the feasibility of blood oxygen level dependent magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-MRI) in evaluating human visceral adipose tissue (AT) oxygenation induced by salt loading/depletion and its association with changes in circulating monocyte subsets.
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Titer dynamic analysis of D29 within MTB-infected macrophages and effect on immune function of macrophages.
Exp. Lung Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2014
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The use of mycobacteriophage D29 to treat Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)-infected macrophages results in significant inhibitory activity. This study aims to explore the novel treatment strategy of intracellular mycobacterial infection from the point of view of phages. We investigated the dynamic phagocytosis and elimination of D29 by macrophages, measured the titer of D29 inside and outside MTB within macrophages by fluorescence quantitative PCR, and detected the levels of interleukin 12 (IL-12) and nitric oxide (NO) in the culture supernatants of D29-infected macrophages by ELISA. Results showed that the activity of D29 phagocytosed by macrophages was significantly lower than that of D29 phagocytosed by MTB-infected macrophages. The titer of D29 that infected intracellular MTB ranged from 10(9) pfu to 10(4) pfu. The titer of D29 inside and outside intracellular MTB transiently increased when MTB-infected macrophages were incubated with D29 for 40 and 50 min; then, a large number of D29 were eliminated by macrophages. The levels of IL-12 and NO had no significant differences versus the negative control but were significantly lower compared with the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) positive control. These results suggest D29 has no effect on the immune function of macrophages and that high phage titer must be administered repeatedly if D29 is applied to treat intracellular MTB infection.
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Qualitative and quantitative analyses of bioactive secolignans from folk medicinal plant Peperomia dindygulensis using UHPLC-UV/Q-TOF-MS.
J Pharm Biomed Anal
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2014
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Peperomia dindygulensis, with secolignans (SLs) as major bioactive constituents, is a commonly used traditional folk medicine in mainland China for treatment of stomach, liver, mammary, and esophageal cancers. However, to date, there is no method available for the qualitative and quantitative analyses of SLs in this medicinal plant. The purpose of this study was to establish a sensitive, selective, and reproducible method for rapidly profiling, identifying, and determining SLs in the whole plant of P. dindygulensis. Ultra high-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) coupled with ultraviolet detector (UV) and quadrupole tandem time-of-flight mass spectrometry (Q-TOF-MS) were used for this analyses. The fragmentation behaviors of different types of SLs were described. A total of thirteen SLs, including two new derivatives, were identified or tentatively characterized in P. dindygulensis samples. In addition, seven major SLs in herbal samples from different regions in China were successfully determined. The method developed in this study is suitable for the qualitative and quantitative analyses of SLs in P. dindygulensis, and may be applicable for determining or identifying SLs from other Pepermia genus plants.
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Metabolite identification of liguzinediol in dogs by ultra-flow liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry.
J. Chromatogr. B Analyt. Technol. Biomed. Life Sci.
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2014
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Ultra-flow liquid chromatography/quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UFLC/Q-TOF MS) method combined with metabolitepilot(MT) software was used for analysis of the metabolites of liguzinediol in dogs. Urine, bile, feces and plasma samples were collected after intravenous administration of 8 mg/kg liguzinediol to healthy dogs. Besides liguzinediol, seven metabolites were detected and identified by UFLC/Q-TOF MS method. The results showed that liguzinediol had some main metabolic pathways in dogs including oxidation, sulfation, cysteine conjugation, N-acetylcysteine conjugation and glucuronidation.
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BHBA suppresses LPS-induced inflammation in BV-2 cells by inhibiting NF-?B activation.
Mediators Inflamm.
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2014
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?-Hydroxybutyric acid (BHBA) has neuroprotective effects, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. Microglial activation plays an important role in neurodegenerative diseases by producing several proinflammatory enzymes and proinflammatory cytokines. The current study investigates the potential mechanisms whereby BHBA affects the expression of potentially proinflammatory proteins by cultured murine microglial BV-2 cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The results showed that BHBA significantly reduced LPS-induced protein and mRNA expression levels of iNOS, COX-2, TNF-?, IL-1?, and IL-6. Blocking of GPR109A by PTX resulted in a loss of this anti-inflammatory effect in BV-2 cells. Western blot analysis showed that BHBA reduced LPS-induced degradation of I?B-? and translocation of NF-?B, while no effect was observed on MAPKs phosphorylation. All results imply that BHBA significantly reduces levels of proinflammatory enzymes and proinflammatory cytokines by inhibition of the NF-?B signaling pathway but not MAPKs pathways, and GPR109A is essential to this function. Overall, these data suggest that BHBA has a potential as neuroprotective drug candidate in neurodegenerative diseases.
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Liver stiffness measurement-based scoring system for significant inflammation related to chronic hepatitis B.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Liver biopsy is indispensable because liver stiffness measurement alone cannot provide information on intrahepatic inflammation. However, the presence of fibrosis highly correlates with inflammation. We constructed a noninvasive model to determine significant inflammation in chronic hepatitis B patients by using liver stiffness measurement and serum markers.
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Effects of medication methods after simple and effective probing of lacrimal passage.
Int J Ophthalmol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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To evaluate the effect of reducing the use of antibiotics in the treatment of infant bacterial dacryocystitis after probing of the lacrimal duct.
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Enhanced HBsAg synthesis correlates with increased severity of fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B patients.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Little is known about whether low serum HBsAg levels result from impaired HBsAg synthesis or a reduced number of hepatocytes caused by advanced liver fibrosis. Therefore, we investigated the capacity for HBsAg synthesis in a cross-sectional cohort of treatment-naïve chronic hepatitis B patients.
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Transcription factor and microRNA co-regulatory loops: important regulatory motifs in biological processes and diseases.
Brief. Bioinformatics
PUBLISHED: 12-06-2013
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Transcription factors (TFs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) can jointly regulate target gene expression in the forms of feed-forward loops (FFLs) or feedback loops (FBLs). These regulatory loops serve as important motifs in gene regulatory networks and play critical roles in multiple biological processes and different diseases. Major progress has been made in bioinformatics and experimental study for the TF and miRNA co-regulation in recent years. To further speed up its identification and functional study, it is indispensable to make a comprehensive review. In this article, we summarize the types of FFLs and FBLs and their identified methods. Then, we review the behaviors and functions for the experimentally identified loops according to biological processes and diseases. Future improvements and challenges are also discussed, which includes more powerful bioinformatics approaches and high-throughput technologies in TF and miRNA target prediction, and the integration of networks of multiple levels.
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Knockdown of proteasome subunit ?7 with small interfering RNA inhibits cell proliferation of k562 cell line].
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 11-30-2013
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Objective To study the effect of human proteasome subunit ?7(PSMA7)gene silencing by small interfering RNA(siRNA)on human myeloid leukemia cell line K562. Methods PSMA7 gene-specific siRNA was chemically synthesized and transfected into K562 cell line by HiPerFect. The expression level of PSMA7 protein was detected by Western blot analysis. Cell proliferation was determined by MTS and cell counting. Cell cycle distribution was measured by flow cytometry. The expressions of Cyclin A, D, and E were detected by Western blot analysis. The apoptotic ratio was determined by flow cytometry. Results PSMA7 protein was evidently silenced 48 hours after transfection of the PSMA7-specific siRNA into K562 cell line. The proliferation of the cells was markedly inhibited, and the percentage of S phase cells decreased. However, no apoptosis was observed. The expressions of Cyclin A and E were down-regulated. Conclusion Knockdown of PSMA7 down-regulates the expression of Cyclin A and E and thus decreases the proportion of cells in S phase as a result, the proliferation of K562 cell line is inhibited.
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[Chinese version of a face version of the modified child dental anxiety scale: transcultural adaptation and evaluation].
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-23-2013
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To develop the Chinese version of a face version of the modified child dental anxiety scale(MCDASf) and test the reliability and validity of MCDASf.
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[Item function analysis on the Quality of Life-Alzheimers Disease(QOL-AD)Chinese version, based on the Item Response Theory(IRT)].
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-22-2013
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To introduce the Item Function Analysis(IFA) of Quality of Life- Alzheimers disease(QOL-AD)Chinese version and to explore the feasibility of its application on Chinese patients with AD.
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Comparative studies of the binding of six phthalate plasticizers to pepsin by multispectroscopic approach and molecular modeling.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
PUBLISHED: 11-11-2013
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To explore the binding mechanism of phthalate plasticizers with digestive proteases, their effects on conformation and activity of pepsin by multispectroscopic approach and molecular modeling were investigated. Fluorescence spectra combined with UV-vis and circular dichroism (CD) spectra measurements indicated that the six phthalate plasticizers induced the changes of tertiary and secondary structure of pepsin. The solvent polarity of environment around both Trp and Tyr residues on pepsin were affected by phthalate plasticizers. By analyzing the fluorescence quenching and theoretical calculation data, it was concluded that a binding site exists for each phthalate plasticizer in pepsin with different binding ability. The hydrophobic, hydrogen bonding, and ?-? stacking interactions were involved in the interactions between pepsin and phthalate plasticizers. Moreover, the activity assay indicated that phthalate plasticizers were not powerfully inhibitors or activators for pepsin. These studies demonstrated that phthalate plasticizers could cause some negative effects on pepsin. The present studies may provide a way to analyze the biological safety of phthalate plasticizers on digestive proteases or other proteins.
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Efficient cross-coupling of aryl Grignard reagents with alkyl halides by recyclable ionic iron(III) complexes bearing a bis(phenol)-functionalized benzimidazolium cation.
Org. Biomol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 10-23-2013
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A novel bis(phenol)-functionalized benzimidazolium salt, 1,3-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-2-hydroxybenzyl)benzimidazolium chloride (H3LCl, 1), was designed and used to prepare ionic iron(III) complexes of the type [H3L][FeX4] (X = Cl, 2; X = Br, 3). Both 2 and 3 were characterized by elemental analysis, Raman spectroscopy, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and X-ray crystallography. The catalytic performances of 2 and 3 in cross-coupling reactions using aryl Grignard reagents with primary and secondary alkyl halides bearing ?-hydrogens were studied. This analysis shows that complex 2 has good potential for alkyl chloride-mediated coupling. In comparison, complex 3 showed slightly lower catalytic activity. After decanting the product contained in the ethereal layer, complex 2 could be recycled at least eight times without significant loss of catalytic activity.
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A genetic variant in microRNA target site of TGF-? signaling pathway increases the risk of colorectal cancer in a Chinese population.
Tumour Biol.
PUBLISHED: 10-19-2013
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Evidence shows that single-nucleotide polymorphisms in microRNA (miRNA) target sites can create, destroy, or modify the miRNA/mRNA binding, therefore modulating gene expression and affecting cancer susceptibility. The transforming growth factor-? (TGF-?) signaling pathway plays a pivotal role in tumor initiation and progression. Intriguingly, recent advances of genome-wide association studies have identified multiple risk loci in this pathway to be associated with risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). To test the hypothesis that genetic variants in miRNA target sites in genes of the TGF-? signaling pathway may also be associated with CRC risk, we first systematically scanned the single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes of TGF-? signaling pathway which potentially affect the miRNA/mRNA bindings. Through a series of filters, we narrowed down these candidates to four SNPs. Then, we conducted a case-control study with 600 CRC patients and 638 controls in Han Chinese population. We observed that compared with A carriers (AA?+?AG), the GG genotype of rs12997:ACVR1 is associated with a significantly higher risk of CRC (OR?=?1.52, 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI)?=?1.04-2.21, P?=?0.031), particularly in nonsmokers with a higher OR of 1.63 (95 % CI?=?1.04-2.55, P?=?0.032). Our study suggested that SNPs in miRNA target sites could contribute to the likelihood of CRC susceptibility and emphasized the important role of polymorphisms at miRNA-regulatory elements in carcinogenesis.
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[Characteristics of prospective memory impairments in patients with severe traumatic brain injury during recovery stage].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-16-2013
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To explore the characteristics of time-based prospective memory (TBPM) and event-based prospective memory (EBPM) in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) during recovery stage.
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Usefulness of cube copying in evaluating clinical profiles of patients with Parkinson disease.
Cogn Behav Neurol
PUBLISHED: 10-01-2013
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To clarify the relationship between the quantitatively assessed cube-copying test (CCT) and clinical profiles of cognitive and motor ability in Chinese patients with Parkinson disease (PD).
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[UFLC/Q-TOF-MS based analysis on material base of atractylodis macrocephalae rhizoma stir-fried with wheat bran].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-27-2013
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To establish a fingerprint spectrum for Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma stir-fried with wheat bran based on UFLC/Q-TOF-MS, and make a principal component analysis (PCA) with Markview software, in order to compare the changes of components between raw and processed Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma with raw wheat bran as the blank. The results showed that the changed in components raw Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma and Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma stir-fried with wheat bran were apparently observed by PCA. Six compounds were identified to have significant changes in mass fraction before and after being stir-fried, namely atractylenolide-I, atractylenolide-II, atractylenolide-III, atractylentrid, atractylon and an unknown compound. Among them, atractylenolide-I and atractylenolide-II generated from dehydration and dehydrogenation of atractylenolide-III may be the material base of Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma stir-fried with wheat bran for strengthening spleen.
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[Effects of polybrominated diphenyl ether-153 lactation exposure on the concentrations of intracellular calcium ion and calcium-activated related enzymes levels of adult rats cerebral cortex].
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-24-2013
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To investigate the effects of polybrominated diphenyl ether-153 (BDE-153) exposure during lactation period on the calcium ion (Ca(2+)) concentration and calcium-activated enzyme levels in cerebral cortical cells among adult rats and to provide a scientific basis for the study on the developmental neurotoxicity of BDE-153.
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Simultaneous determination of five bioactive secolignans in rat plasma by LC-MS/MS for pharmacokinetic studies following oral administration of Peperomia dindygulensis Miq. extract.
J. Chromatogr. B Analyt. Technol. Biomed. Life Sci.
PUBLISHED: 09-06-2013
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A rapid and sensitive ultra fast performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed for the simultaneous determination of five bioactive secolignans in Peperomia dindygulensis extract, including peperomin A, peperomin B, peperomin C, 4?-hydroxypeperomin B and 4?-hydroxypeperomin C in rat plasma. Arctigenin was used as the internal standard. The separation was performed on an Innovation™ Polar-RP C18 column by a gradient elution within a runtime of 7min. The mobile phase consisted of A (methanol) and B (0.1% formic acid in water) at a flow rate of 0.4mL/min. The detection was accomplished by using positive ion TurboIonSpray ionization in multiple reaction monitoring mode. The method was linear for all analytes over investigated range with all correlation coefficients greater than 0.9972. The lower limits of quantification were 1.1ng/mL for peperomin A, 1.24ng/mL for peperomin B, 1.02ng/mL for peperomin C, 1.91ng/mL for 4?-hydroxypeperomin B and 1.27ng/mL for 4?-hydroxypeperomin C. The intra- and inter-day precision (RSD%) was within 15% and the accuracy (RE%) ranged from -11.7% to 10.3%. This simple and sensitive method was fully validated and successfully applied to the pharmacokinetic study of peperomin A, peperomin B, peperomin C, 4?-hydroxypeperomin B and 4?-hydroxypeperomin C in rat plasma after oral administration of P. dindygulensis extract.
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Reliability and validity of the quality of life-Alzheimer disease Chinese version.
J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol
PUBLISHED: 08-22-2013
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To evaluate the psychometric properties of the quality of life-Alzheimer disease (QOL-AD) Chinese version in patients with dementia in mainland, China and to compare patient and caregiver reports of patient QOL.
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Validity and reliability of Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Patient Health Questionnaire-2 to screen for depression among college students in China.
Asia Pac Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 08-06-2013
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This study examined the validity and reliability of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2). The optimal cutoff score when screening for depression among Chinese college students was also determined.
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Patterns of polymorphism and divergence in the VP1 gene of enterovirus 71 circulating in the Asia-Pacific region between 1994 and 2013.
J. Virol. Methods
PUBLISHED: 07-18-2013
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Enterovirus 71 has been implicated in several outbreaks of hand, foot and mouth disease in the Asia-Pacific region. The present study aimed to achieve comprehensive evolutionary dynamic aspects of EV71 during 1994-2013, based on phylogenetic analyses of the VP1 sequences. The results indicated that 4 genotypes, namely C4, C1, C2 and B4 are the predominant strains, especially in Southeast Asian countries. No common ancestor was shared in different countries. Fourteen sites of substitutions were detected in the VP1 gene sequences; including the most common sites related to neutralization at position V249I [47.1% (189/401)] and A289T [42.6% (171/401)]. However, the sites Q22H and Q22R associated with increased virulence were recognized only in 13.7% (55/401) and 18% (72/401), respectively. None of the above mutations seemed to become fixed because the ratio of Ka/Ks was greater than 1.0. Mutations K43E, A58T, S184T, and T240S could possibly change the spatial structure. Two mutations, G145E and T240S, could obviously affect the hydrophobicity of VP1 and thus alter the EV71 immunoreactivity. In conclusion, the VP1 gene of EV71 strains circulating in the Asia-Pacific region during 1994-2013, showed polymorphisms and divergence with very slow evolution rate, which may be one of the reasons for periodic outbreaks in this area.
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Complete genome sequence of goose parvovirus Y strain isolated from Muscovy ducks in China.
Virus Genes
PUBLISHED: 05-02-2013
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A goose parvovirus (GPV) Y strain was isolated from Muscovy ducks in Anhui Province of China. By polymerase chain reaction method, its complete genomic sequence was found to be 5,106 bp in length, consisting of 444-bp inverted terminal repeat, 1,844-bp non-structural protein and 2,199-bp capsid protein (VP) regions. Then its sequence was aligned with the sequences of GPV and Muscovy duck parvovirus published in the GenBank using the neighbor-joining method. The phylogenetic analyses based on the VP3 gene sequences revealed that the GPV Y strain along with those from Taiwan belonged to the subgroup IIb, while other GPV strains from Muscovy ducks belonged to the subgroup Ib and most of other GPV strains isolated in China mainland were clustered in the subgroup IIa. The absence of the deduced 703-705NRT glycosylation site in VP region may explain the host specificity of the GPV Y strain. The complete genomic sequence of the GPV Y strain from Muscovy ducks will help to understand the molecular and evolutionary characteristics of GPV.
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An unusual porous metal-organic framework that demonstrates the highly efficient exchange of metal ions and the reversible adsorption of iodine.
Chem Asian J
PUBLISHED: 05-02-2013
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An exceedingly rare porous metal-organic framework that is based on cadmium ions and multi carboxylate ligands, namely, Na(0.25)[(CH3)2NH2](1.75)[Cd(L)2]·x solvent (1, H2L=2-hydroxymethyl-4,6-bi(2-methoxyl-4-(2-1-carboxyl)-ethlene)-1,3,5-mesitylene), has been successfully synthesized under solvothermal conditions. Compound 1 exhibits a 2D network that is constructed from left- and right-handed helical chains. Furthermore, neighboring 2D layers are stacked to give a porous motif. Strikingly, compound 1 exhibits the highly efficient exchange of metal ions from the main framework components whilst maintaining the structural integrity and the crystallinity of the network. In addition, Compound 1 also shows outstanding performance in the reversible adsorption of iodine.
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Ionic Ni(II) complexes containing a triphenylphosphine ligand and an imidazolium cation: synthesis, structures and catalysis for aryl Grignard cross-coupling of aryl halides.
Dalton Trans
PUBLISHED: 04-26-2013
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Novel ionic Ni(II) complexes of general formula [R2im][Ni(PPh3)Cl3] (R2im = 1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazolium cation, IPrim, 1a; R2im = 1,3-diisopropylimidazolium cation, (i)Prim, 2a) were easily prepared in high yields by the direct reaction of Ni(PPh3)2Cl2 with 1 equiv. of N,N-dihydrocarbylimidazolium salt, [R2im]Cl. Their bromide analogs [R2im][Ni(PPh3)Br3] (R2im = IPrim, 1b; R2im = (i)Prim, 2b) were synthesized by the same reaction in the presence of excess NaBr. The reaction of Ni(DME)Cl2 (DME = 1,2-dimethoxyethane) with 2 equiv. of [IPrim]Cl led to the formation of the complex [IPrim]2[NiCl4] (3) in an almost quantitative yield. All these complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), and (1)H NMR spectroscopy; X-ray crystallography was performed for 1a, 1b, 2a, and 2b. A catalytic study of the cross-coupling reactions of aryl Grignard reagents with aryl halides revealed that complexes 1a and 1b possessed the highest activities. In comparison, complexes 2a, 2b, 3, and the related biscarbene Ni(II) complex Ni(IPr)2Cl2 [IPr = 1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene] exhibited moderate activities; the least active complexes were Ni(PPh3)2Cl2 and [NEt4][Ni(PPh3)Cl3].
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A melatonin-based fluorescence method for the measurement of mitochondrial complex III function in intact cells.
J. Pineal Res.
PUBLISHED: 04-19-2013
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Mitochondrial complex III (MC-3) plays a pivotal role in electron transfer and oxidative phosphorylation. Impaired MC-3 functions may contribute to a variety of diseases by interrupting normal bioenergetics and increasing reactive oxygen production and oxidative stress. Currently, MC-3 function is assessed by measuring the cytochrome c reductase activity spectrophotometrically in isolated mitochondria or MC-3. The cytoplasmic microenvironment critical for mitochondrial complex functions may be depleted during these isolation processes. The development of a reliable method to measure MC-3 activities in intact cells or tissues is highly desirable. This report describes a novel fluorescence-based method to assess MC-3 functions, i.e., Qi site electron transfer, in the intact cells. Human mesangial and teratocarcinoma NT2 cells were used to demonstrate that melatonin-induced oxidation of 2,7-dichlorodihydrofluorescein (H2 DCF) was inhibited by antimycin A, the MC-3 Qi site-specific inhibitor, but not by myxothiazol, the MC-3 Qo site-specific inhibitor, nor rotenone, the mitochondrial complex I inhibitor. These results indicate that melatonin-induced oxidation of H2 DCF is reflecting MC-3 Qi site electron transfer activities. Modifying structures of the side groups at the R3 and R5 positions of the indole ring of melatonin diminished its efficacy for inducing H2 DCF oxidation, suggesting a specific interaction of melatonin with the MC-3 Qi site. These results suggest that the fluorogenic property of melatonin-induced H2 DCF oxidation provides a MC-3 Qi site electron transfer-specific measurement in intact cells. Interestingly, using this method, the Qi site electron transfer activity in transformed or immortalized cells was found to be significantly higher than the nontransformed cells.
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A preliminary study on the radiation-resistance mechanism in ovarian cancer.
J Cancer Res Ther
PUBLISHED: 04-12-2013
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The present study was designed to explore the radiation-resistance mechanism by interfering in checkpoints kinase 1 (CHK1) and DNA-activated protein kinase (DNA-PK) genes with short hairpin RNA (shRNA) transfection into Skov3 cells derived from ovarian cancer and HeLa cells derived from cervical cancer.
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Prevalence of chronic kidney disease and prediabetes and associated risk factors: a community-based screening in Zhuhai, Southern China.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 04-06-2013
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The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and prediabetes has increased in China, and at different rates in different locations. Therefore a community-based screening research was conducted in order to determine the prevalence of CKD and prediabetes, and to analyze associated risk factors of CKD and prediabetes in a city of Southern China.
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Association of serum resistin levels with metabolic syndrome and early atherosclerosis in obese Chinese children.
J. Pediatr. Endocrinol. Metab.
PUBLISHED: 04-04-2013
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Abstract Aim: To investigate the association of serum resistin levels with metabolic syndrome (MS) and early atherosclerosis in obese children. Methods: A total of 176 obese children and 88 healthy children were enrolled in this study, and were gender and age matched. Obesity was defined as a body mass index (BMI) of ? the 95th percentile for age and sex. All children had a physical examination and routine hematology testing for fasting blood glucose, insulin, and lipids profile. Homeostasis model of assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was calculated, as insulin resistance has a central role in the pathophysiology of MS. Non-invasive ultrasound measurement was obtained to investigate carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) as the markers of early atherosclerosis. Path analysis was used to evaluate the value of resistin levels to early atherosclerosis. Results: The resistin levels were higher in obese children compared to healthy children (23.14±7.35 vs. 17.1±5.7 ng/mL, p<0.05), and it is positively correlated with BMI, waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, IMT and high sensitive CRP (Hs-CRP), but not related to diastolic blood pressure, blood lipids and fasting glucose. A positive linear correlation was observed between resistin and the number of MS components. Path analysis indicated serum resistin can directly (?=0.304, p=0.001), and indirectly via HOMA-IR (?=0.085, p=0.008) and Hs-CRP (?=0.047, p=0.029), contribute to early atherosclerosis. Conclusion: Resistin not only play a certain role in the presence of MS, but also indirectly via insulin resistance and Hs-CRP to contribute to early atherosclerosis in obese children.
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Synthesis, biological evaluation, and pharmacokinetic study of novel liguzinediol prodrugs.
Molecules
PUBLISHED: 03-15-2013
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Liguzinediol (LZDO) ester prodrugs 3-5 were synthesized and evaluated in vitro and in vivo for their potential use in prolonging the half-life of the parent drug LZDO (1a) in vivo. Prodrugs 3-5 were found to display a potent positive inotropic effect on the myocardium, without the risk of arrhythmia. Prodrugs 3-5 rapidly underwent enzymatic hydrolysis to release the parent compound LZDO in 1-3 h in rat liver microsomes and rat plasma. The half-life of the parent compound was prolonged after intragastric administration of prodrug 3, which was found to be a superior prodrug candidate for increasing myocardial contractility.
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Anti-poliovirus activity of protease inhibitor AG-7404, and assessment of in vitro activity in combination with antiviral capsid inhibitor compounds.
Antiviral Res.
PUBLISHED: 02-19-2013
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The National Research Council has recommended that at least one, preferably two, polio antiviral drugs be developed as a supplement to the tools currently available for control of polio outbreaks post-eradication. The primary application of such drugs is expected to be the resolution of chronic poliovirus excretion in persons with primary immunodeficiency disorders. We have assessed the in vitro activity of AG-7404 (also known as "compound 1"), an inhibitor of picornaviral 3C protease, against a large panel of programmatically important poliovirus strains and its activity in combination with two poliovirus capsid inhibitors, V-073 and BTA798. AG-7404 was active against all viruses in this panel, with EC50 values ranging from 0.080 to 0.674 ?M. Similarly, BTA798 was active against all viruses in this panel, with EC50 values ranging from 0.003 to 0.591?M. By comparison, values for V-073 were 0.003-0.126 ?M. BTA798 was active against V-073-resistant variants with an alanine to valine change in VP3 at position 24. However, BTA798 was inactive against the V-073-resistant strains with amino acid substitutions at VP1 amino acids 194 (equivalent to 192 in type 3) and 236. As expected from its different mechanism of action, AG-7404 was fully active against all V-073-resistant variants, with EC?? values ranging from 0.218 to 0.819 ?M, compared to values of 0.202-0.407 ?M for the V-073-susceptible parental strains. In vitro drug combination experiments demonstrated synergy between AG-7404 and either V-073 or BTA798, whereas the combination of the two capsid inhibitors acted additively.
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Dietary restriction attenuates the accelerated aging phenotype of Sod1(-/-) mice.
Free Radic. Biol. Med.
PUBLISHED: 02-16-2013
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Dietary restriction is a powerful aging intervention that extends the life span of diverse biological species ranging from yeast to invertebrates to mammals, and it has been argued that the antiaging action of dietary restriction occurs through reduced oxidative stress/damage. Using Sod1(-/-) mice, which have previously been shown to have increased levels of oxidative stress associated with a shorter life span and a high incidence of neoplasia, we were able to test directly the ability of dietary restriction to reverse an aging phenotype due to increased oxidative stress/damage. We found that dietary restriction increased the life span of Sod1(-/-) mice 30%, returning it to that of wild-type, control mice fed ad libitum. Oxidative damage in Sod1(-/-) mice was markedly reduced by dietary restriction, as indicated by a reduction in liver and brain F2-isoprostanes, a marker of lipid peroxidation. Analysis of end of life pathology showed that dietary restriction significantly reduced the overall incidence of pathological lesions in the Sod1(-/-) mice fed the dietary-restricted diet compared to Sod1(-/-) mice fed ad libitum, including the incidence of lymphoma (27 vs 5%) and overall liver pathology. In addition to reduced incidence of overall and liver-specific pathology, the burden and severity of both neoplastic and nonneoplastic lesions was also significantly reduced in the Sod1(-/-) mice fed the dietary-restricted diet. These data demonstrate that dietary restriction can significantly attenuate the accelerated aging phenotype observed in Sod1(-/-) mice that arises from increased oxidative stress/damage.
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A meta-analysis of the relationship of the Parkin p.Val380Leu polymorphism to Parkinsons disease.
Am. J. Med. Genet. B Neuropsychiatr. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2013
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Parkinsons disease (PD) is one of the most common movement disorders. Parkin p.Val380Leu polymorphism (c.1239G > C) has been investigated as a potential genetic hallmark of PD, but studies examining the association between the polymorphism and PD have reported conflicting results. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to assess the influence of Parkin p.Val380Leu polymorphism on the susceptibility of PD. Computer and hand searches of the literature were conducted using the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and China Academic Journals databases to identify studies addressing the association between the Parkin p.Val380Leu polymorphism and PD risk. We performed analyses of study characteristics, heterogeneity, and funnel plot asymmetry in analyses analogous to additive, dominant, recessive, homozygous, and heterozygous genetic models with the odds ratio (OR) as the measure of association. A total of 11 case-control studies involving 2,073 PD cases and 2,131 controls were included. When all 11 studies were pooled into the analysis, the presence of the Leu allele at the Parkin p.Val389Leu polymorphism was associated with decreased risk for PD in three genetic comparison models: OR in additive model: 0.79, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.64-0.98, P = 0.029; OR in recessive model: 0.55, 95% CI = 0.35-0.89, P = 0.014; OR in homozygous model: 0.51, 95% CI = 0.32-0.82, P = 0.005. Beggs funnel plot and Eggers test provided visual and statistical evidences for funnel plot symmetry, without evidence presence of publication bias. We conclude that the presence of the Leu allele at the Parkin p.Val380Leu polymorphism is associated decreased risk for PD.
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The effects of Rhizoma Zingiberis on pharmacokinetics of six Aconitum alkaloids in herb couple of Radix Aconiti Lateralis-Rhizoma Zingiberis.
J Ethnopharmacol
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2013
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Radix Aconiti Lateralis (Fuzi in Chinese, derived from the lateral roots of Aconitum Carmichaeli Debx.) is widely used for the treatment of heart failure, internal cold, arthralgia, diarrhea and edema for thousands of years. It was usually prescribed in combination with Rhizoma Zingiberis (Ganjiang in Chinese, derived from the dry rhizome of Zingiber officinale Rosc.) to decrease toxicity and increase efficacy.
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Integration of transcriptome, proteome and metabolism data reveals the alkaloids biosynthesis in Macleaya cordata and Macleaya microcarpa.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2013
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The Macleaya spp., including Macleaya cordata and Macleaya microcarpa, are traditional anti-virus, inflammation eliminating, and insecticide herb medicines for their isoquinoline alkaloids. They are also known as the basis of the popular natural animal food addictive in Europe. However, few studies especially at genomics level were conducted on them. Hence, we performed the Macleaya spp. transcriptome and integrated it with iTRAQ proteome analysis in order to identify potential genes involved in alkaloids biosynthesis.
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Da-Bu-Yin-Wan and Qian-Zheng-San, two traditional Chinese herbal formulas, up-regulate the expression of mitochondrial subunit NADH dehydrogenase 1 synergistically in the mice model of Parkinsons disease.
J Ethnopharmacol
PUBLISHED: 01-02-2013
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Da-Bu-Yin-Wan (DBYW) and Qian-Zheng-San (QZS), two traditional Chinese herbal formulas, were clinically employed to treat Parkinsons disease (PD) for decades.
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The interaction of blood proteins with brucine.
Mol. Biol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 11-30-2011
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The features of brucine (BC) binding to two blood proteins, bovine hemoglobin (BHb), and bovine serum albumin (BSA), were investigated via fluorescence, circular dichroism and UV/Vis absorption spectroscopy. The results revealed that BC caused the fluorescence quenching of blood proteins by the formation of BC-protein complex. The corresponding thermodynamic parameters were measured at different temperatures. The process of binding BC molecule on protein was a spontaneous molecular interaction procedure in which entropy increased and Gibbs free energy decreased. Hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions play a major role in stabilizing the complex. The molecular docking has been employed to explore the binding site of the BC in BHb and BSA on the Autodock 4.2. The distances r between BC and protein were calculated to be 4.93 and 5.08 nm for BHb, and BSA, respectively. The effect of BC on the conformation of blood proteins was analyzed using CD, synchronous fluorescence and three-dimensional fluorescence spectra.
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[Preliminary study of the Th17/Treg immunoregulation in patients coinfected with TB and HIV before and after HAART].
Zhonghua Shi Yan He Lin Chuang Bing Du Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-25-2011
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To study the Th17/Treg (regulatory T cells) immunoregulation in patients coinfected with TB and HIV before and after HAART(highly active anti-retroviral therapy).
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AnimalTFDB: a comprehensive animal transcription factor database.
Nucleic Acids Res.
PUBLISHED: 11-12-2011
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Transcription factors (TFs) are proteins that bind to specific DNA sequences, thereby playing crucial roles in gene-expression regulation through controlling the transcription of genetic information from DNA to RNA. Transcription cofactors and chromatin remodeling factors are also essential in the gene transcriptional regulation. Identifying and annotating all the TFs are primary and crucial steps for illustrating their functions and understanding the transcriptional regulation. In this study, based on manual literature reviews, we collected and curated 72 TF families for animals, which is currently the most complete list of TF families in animals. Then, we systematically characterized all the TFs in 50 animal species and constructed a comprehensive animal TF database, AnimalTFDB. To better serve the community, we provided detailed annotations for each TF, including basic information, gene structure, functional domain, 3D structure hit, Gene Ontology, pathway, protein-protein interaction, paralogs, orthologs, potential TF-binding sites and targets. In addition, we collected and annotated transcription cofactors and chromatin remodeling factors. AnimalTFDB has a user-friendly web interface with multiple browse and search functions, as well as data downloading. It is freely available at http://www.bioguo.org/AnimalTFDB/.
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[Analysis of metabolites of daphnetin in the intestinal wall of rats by liquid chromatography and quatrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry].
Yao Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 11-10-2011
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In this study, daphnetin and its major metabolites in the intestinal wall of rats were identified by liquid chromatography and quatrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry. Perfusion fluid of duodenum, jejunum, ileum and colon were collected separately for 2 hours from the rat intestine following perfusion with daphnetin. The metabolites of daphnetin in the perfusion fluid of different intestine segments were analyzed by the liquid chromatography and quatrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry. It is shown that the parent drug daphnetin and four metabolites were found in the perfusion fluid of duodenum, jejunum and ileum. However, no metabolites were found in the colon. Among the four metabolites, two daphnetin sulfates (m/z 257) were first discovered as the phase II metabolites of daphnetin in rats, which revealed a new way of daphnetin metabolism in rats.
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Immunological and pathogenic properties of poliovirus variants selected for resistance to antiviral drug V-073.
Antivir. Ther. (Lond.)
PUBLISHED: 10-26-2011
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The National Research Council has recommended development of polio antiviral drugs to assist in management of outbreaks and to mitigate adverse consequences of vaccination. V-073 is a small molecule poliovirus capsid inhibitor that is being developed for these purposes. Antiviral use raises the potential of treatment-emergent resistance. Understanding virological consequences of resistance is important.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.