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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Functional inactivation of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine pyrophosphorylase 1 (UAP1) induces early leaf senescence and defence responses in rice.
J. Exp. Bot.
PUBLISHED: 11-16-2014
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Plant leaf senescence and defence responses are important biological processes, but the molecular mechanisms involved are not well understood. This study identified a new rice mutant, spotted leaf 29 (spl29). The SPL29 gene was identified by map-based cloning, and SPL29 was confirmed as UDP-N-acetylglucosamine pyrophosphorylase 1 (UAP1) by enzymatic analysis. The mutant spl29 lacks UAP activity. The biological phenotypes for which UAP is responsible have not previously been reported in plants. The spl29 mutant displayed early leaf senescence, confirmed by chlorophyll loss and photosystem II decline as physiological indicators, chloroplast degradation as a cellular characteristic, and both upregulation of senescence transcription factors and senescence-associated genes, and downregulation of photosynthesis-related genes, as molecular evidence. Defence responses were induced in the spl29 mutant, shown by enhanced resistance to bacterial blight inoculation and upregulation of defence response genes. Reactive oxygen species, including O2 (-) and H2O2, accumulated in spl29 plants; there was also increased malondialdehyde content. Enhanced superoxide dismutase activity combined with normal catalase activity in spl29 could be responsible for H2O2 accumulation. The plant hormones jasmonic acid and abscisic acid also accumulated in spl29 plants. ROS and plant hormones probably play important roles in early leaf senescence and defence responses in the spl29 mutant. Based on these findings, it is suggested that UAP1 is involved in regulating leaf senescence and defence responses in rice.
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BINGE DRINKING, SMOKING AND MARIJUANA USE: THE ROLE OF WOMEN's LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION.
J Workplace Behav Health
PUBLISHED: 11-08-2014
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This study analyzed the role of women's labor force participation in relation to binge drinking, smoking and marijuana use among employment age married/cohabiting women. The sample consisted of 956 women who were employed as construction workers (n=104), or were unemployed (n=101), homemakers (n=227) or employed in non-physically demanding occupations (n=524). Results of multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that women construction workers were at elevated risk for smoking and monthly binge drinking; unemployed women were more likely to use marijuana. Women in both categories were at risk for polysubstance use. Additional research is needed to explicate how labor force participation influences women's substance use.
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Expression of yes-associated protein in cervical squamous epithelium lesions.
Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
PUBLISHED: 10-12-2014
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Yes-associated protein (YAP) was defined as a candidate oncogene in multiple cancers. Yet, the role of YAP in cervical cancer is largely unknown. The aim of this study was to determine whether YAP could be used as a predictive biomarker in cervical precancerous lesions.
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[A clinical trial of ultrasound-guided facet joint block in the lumbar spine to treat facet joint related low back pain].
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
PUBLISHED: 10-08-2014
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To determine the feasibility and clinical efficacy of ultrasound-guided facet joint injection and nerve block in lumbar facet joint for the treatment of facet-joint related low back pain.
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[Short and mid-term effectiveness of paravertebral adriamycin injection under CT guidance on intractable postherpetic neuralgia].
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
PUBLISHED: 10-02-2014
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To determine the short and mid-term effect of paravertebral adriamycin injection under CT guidance on intractable postherpetic neuralgia (PHN).
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ART do not increase the risk of Y-chromosome microdeletion in 19 candidate genes at AZF regions.
Reprod. Fertil. Dev.
PUBLISHED: 09-27-2014
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Y-chromosome microdeletions (YCMs) have been found at a much higher rate in infertile men than fertile controls. A specific deletion in the azoospermia factor locus (AZF) at Yq11 is significantly associated with male infertility. Whether assisted reproductive technology (ART) increases the risk of YCM in ART-derived offspring remains unclear. In this study the occurrence of YCM in 199 fathers and their 228 sons (Chinese, Han ethnicity), including 85 offspring conceived by IVF, 73 by intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and 70 by natural conception, was investigated. Nineteen candidate genes related to YCM were analysed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. We identified one de novo YCM from 70 naturally-conceived offspring and none from 158 ART-conceived offspring and found no statistical significance between these two groups. There was no statistically-significant difference in the detection rate of the father's Y-chromosome microdeletion group: IVF 10.7% (8/75), ICSI 3.2% (2/63), natural conception 8.2% (5/61). These results suggest that ART does not increase the risk of YCM in male offspring.
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Application of multicriteria decision analysis in health care: a systematic review and bibliometric analysis.
Health Expect
PUBLISHED: 09-25-2014
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The use of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) in health care has become common. However, the literature lacks systematic review trend analysis on the application of MCDA in health care.
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Dental caries status and oral health behavior among civilian pilots.
Aviat Space Environ Med
PUBLISHED: 09-24-2014
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This study was aimed at investigating the caries status of Chinese civilian pilots and the relationship between caries and oral health behaviors, including sugar intake, smoking, alcohol consumption, tooth brushing, and dental check-up attendance.
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Time-specific ecologic niche models forecast the risk of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in Dongting Lake district, China, 2005-2010.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2014
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Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), a rodent-borne infectious disease, is one of the most serious public health threats in China. Increasing our understanding of the spatial and temporal patterns of HFRS infections could guide local prevention and control strategies.
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Health insurance and breast-conserving surgery with radiation treatment.
Am J Manag Care
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2014
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To examine the impact of health insurance type on treatment of early-stage breast cancer using breast-conserving surgery (BCS) with radiation therapy (RT) among women in Florida and identify factors that contribute to the variations in receiving the treatment in women with the same health insurance type.
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Heterogeneity in the inter-tumor transcriptome of high risk prostate cancer.
Genome Biol.
PUBLISHED: 08-26-2014
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BackgroundGenomic analyses of hundreds of prostate tumors have defined a diverse landscape of mutations and genome rearrangements, but the transcriptomic effect of this complexity is less well understood, particularly at the individual tumor level. We selected a cohort of 25 high-risk prostate tumors, representing the lethal phenotype, and applied deep RNA-sequencing and matched whole genome sequencing, followed by detailed molecular characterization.ResultsTen tumors were exposed to neo-adjuvant hormone therapy and expressed marked evidence of therapy response in all except one extreme case, which demonstrated early resistance via apparent neuroendocrine transdifferentiation. We observe high inter-tumor heterogeneity, including unique sets of outlier transcripts in each tumor. Interestingly, outlier expression converged on druggable cellular pathways associated with cell cycle progression, translational control or immune regulation, suggesting distinct contemporary pathway affinity and a mechanism of tumor stratification. We characterize hundreds of novel fusion transcripts, including a high frequency of ETS fusions associated with complex genome rearrangements and the disruption of tumor suppressors. Remarkably, several tumors express unique but potentially-oncogenic non-ETS fusions, which may contribute to the phenotype of individual tumors, and have significance for disease progression. Finally, one ETS-negative tumor has a striking tandem duplication genotype which appears to be highly aggressive and present at low recurrence in ETS-negative prostate cancer, suggestive of a novel molecular subtype.ConclusionsThe multitude of rare genomic and transcriptomic events detected in a high-risk tumor cohort offer novel opportunities for personalized oncology and their convergence on key pathways and functions has broad implications for precision medicine.
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A Reduction and pH Dual-Sensitive Polymeric Vector for Long-Circulating and Tumor-Targeted siRNA Delivery.
Adv. Mater. Weinheim
PUBLISHED: 08-25-2014
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A novel reduction and pH dual-sensitive nonviral vector for long-circulating and tumor-targeted siRNA delivery is described. The nanomedicine is negatively charged at neutral pH of bloodstream whereas positively charged at lower pH of tumor tissue (ca. 6.8). Interlayer crosslinking with disulfide bonds stabilizes the nanomedicine during blood circulation and allows quick intracellular siRNA release after endocytosis.
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Biochar produced from oak sawdust by Lanthanum (La)-involved pyrolysis for adsorption of ammonium (NH4(+)), nitrate (NO3(-)), and phosphate (PO4(3-)).
Chemosphere
PUBLISHED: 08-20-2014
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A series of biochars were prepared by pyrolyzing oak sawdust with/without LaCl3 involvement at temperature of 300-600°C, and approximate and ultimate analyses were carried out to check their basic characteristics. Meanwhile, the releases of readily soluble NH4(+), NO3(-) and PO4(3-) from biochars and the adsorption of NH4(+), NO3(-) and PO4(3-) by biochars were investigated. Results indicated that the involvement of LaCl3 in pyrolysis could advance the temperature of maximum mass loss by 10°C compared with oak sawdust (CK), and potentially promoted biochar yield. Overall, the releases of readily soluble NH4(+), NO3(-) and PO4(3-) from biochars were negatively related to pyrolysis temperature, and the releases were greatly weakened by La-biochars. Additionally, the adsorption to NH4(+) can be promoted by the biochars produced at low temperature. On the contrary, the NO3(-) adsorption can be improved by increasing pyrolysis temperature. The highest PO4(3-) adsorption was achieved by the biochars produced at 500°C. According to the results of adsorption isotherms, the maximum adsorption capacity of NH4(+), NO3(-) and PO4(3-) can be significantly promoted by 1.9, 11.2, and 4.5 folds using La-biochars. Based on the observations of FT-IR, SEM-EDS, and surface functional groups, the improvement of NH4(+) adsorption was potentially associated with the existing acidic function groups (phenolic-OH and carboxyl CO). The increased basic functional groups on La-biochars were beneficial to improve NO3(-) and PO4(3-) adsorption. Besides, PO4(3-) adsorption was also potentially related to the formed La2O3.
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An internet-based epidemiological investigation of the outbreak of H7N9 Avian Influenza a in China since early 2013.
J. Med. Internet Res.
PUBLISHED: 08-08-2014
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In early 2013, a new type of avian influenza, H7N9, emerged in China. It quickly became an issue of great public concern and a widely discussed topic on the Internet. A considerable volume of relevant information was made publicly available on the Internet through various sources.
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Mild Influenza A/H7N9 Infection among Children in Guangdong Province.
Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J.
PUBLISHED: 07-29-2014
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We describe the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of 7 children infected with A/H7N9 in Guangdong Province during the winter of 2013-2014. Our results indicate that the mild or asymptomatic characteristics common in H7N9-infected children could pose challenges to our surveillance system becoming a hidden threat to the public health of China and the world.
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Downregulation of phosphoglycerate kinase 1 by shRNA sensitizes U251 xenografts to radiotherapy.
Oncol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 07-23-2014
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Phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1) has been demonstrated to be involved in radioresistance. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of PGK1 on the radioresistance in vivo. U251 glioma cells were transfected with the short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-PGK1 and pcDNA3.1-PGK1 using Lipofectamine 2000. The radiosensitivity of U251 xenografts was observed by tumor growth curve following radiotherapy. Quantitative PCR, western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry were performed to evaluate PGK1 expression in the xenografts from the different tumor models. The expression of PGK1 was maximally inhibited in response to shRNA4 at 24 h after the transfection in vitro. Tumor growth of the U251 xenografts was significantly inhibited following treatment with shRNA-PGK1 and radiotherapy. The expression of PGK1 in vivo at the mRNA and protein levels was downregulated by the treatment of shRNA1 when compared to levels following treatment with shNC and PBS after radiotherapy. The results showed that suppression of PGK1 enhanced the radiosensitivity of U251 xenografts and suggest that PGK1 may serve as a useful target in the treatment of radioresistant glioma.
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Treatment with CA-074Me, a Cathepsin B inhibitor, reduces lung interstitial inflammation and fibrosis in a rat model of polymyositis.
Lab. Invest.
PUBLISHED: 07-19-2014
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Cathepsin B (CB) is involved in the turnover of proteins and has various roles in maintaining the normal metabolism of cells. In our recent study, CB is increased in the muscles of polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM). However, the role of CB in interstitial lung disease (ILD) has not been reported. ILD is a frequent complication of PM/DM, which is the leading cause of death in PM/DM. It carries high morbidity and mortality in connective tissue diseases, characterized by an overproduction of inflammatory cytokines and induced fibrosis, resulting in respiratory failure. The etiology and pathogenesis of ILD remain incompletely understood. This study investigated whether treatment with CA-074Me, a specific inhibitor of CB, attenuates ILD in PM. CB expression, inflammation, and fibrosis were analyzed in the lung tissues from patients with PM/DM. The animal model of PM was induced in guinea pigs with Coxsackie virus B1 (CVB1). CA-074Me was given 24?h after CVB1 injection for 7 consecutive days. At the end of the experiment, the animals were killed and lung tissues were collected for the following analysis. Inflammation, fibrosis and apoptosis cells, and cytokines were assessed by histological examinations and immunohistochemical analyses, western blot analysis and transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling assay. In patients with PM/DM, the protein levels of CB were significantly elevated in lung tissues compared with healthy controls, which correlated with increases in inflammation and fibrosis. Similarly, the expression of CB, inflammation and fibrosis, CD8(+) T cell, CD68(+) cell, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, transforming growth factor-beta1 infiltrations, and apoptotic cell death were significantly increased in lung tissues of the guinea-pig model of CVB1-induced PM. These changes were attenuated by the administration of CA-074Me. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that PM/DM increases CB expression in lung tissues and inhibition of CB reduces ILD in a guinea-pig model of CVB1-induced PM. This finding suggests that CB may be a potential therapeutic target for ILD.Laboratory Investigation advance online publication, 10 November 2014; doi:10.1038/labinvest.2014.135.
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[Effects of extensively hydrolyzed protein formula on feeding and growth in preterm infants: a multicenter controlled clinical study].
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-11-2014
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To study the effects of extensively hydrolyzed protein formula (eHF) on the feeding and growth in preterm infants through a multicenter controlled clinical study.
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Solvothermal syntheses and characterizations of three new holmium selenidostannates(iv): a rare example of adamantane-like [Sn4Se10](4-) selenidostannate(iv) with lanthanide complexes.
Dalton Trans
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2014
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Three new holmium selenidostannates(iv), [Ho(dap)4]2[Sn2Se6]Cl2 (, dap = diaminopropane), {[Ho(dien)2]2(?2-OH)2}[Sn2Se6] (, dien = diethylenetriamine), and [Ho2(tepa)2(?2-OH)2Cl2]2[Sn4Se10]·4H2O (, tepa = tetraethylenepentamine), have been solvothermally synthesized and structurally characterized. consists of two mononuclear [Ho(dap)4](3+) complex cations, one [Sn2Se6](4-) anion built up from two [SnSe4] tetrahedra sharing a common edge, and two Cl(-) ions. consists of one binuclear holmium(iii) complex {[Ho(dien)2]2(?2-OH)2}(4+) cation and one dimeric [Sn2Se6](4-) anion. is composed of rare binuclear holmium(iii) complex [Ho2(tepa)2(?2-OH)2Cl2](2+) cations, adamantane-like [Sn4Se10](4-) and free water molecules. Although a few chalcogenidostannates(iv) with lanthanide(iii) complex cations acting as counterions have been reported, their anions are strongly dominated by the dimeric [Sn2Se6](4-) moieties. represents a rare example of an adamantane-like [Sn4Se10](4-) selenidostannate with lanthanide complexes as counterions. The optical properties of have been investigated by UV-vis spectroscopy.
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[Effect of Zhifei mixture combined western drugs on symptoms and signs of children with mycoplasma pneumonia].
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 06-20-2014
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To observe the effect of three Chinese medical formulae (Zhifei Mixture I , Zhfei Mixture II, and Zhifei Mixture II) on main and secondary symptoms and signs of children with Totally 70 mycoplasma pneumonia in treating three types of children mycoplasma pneumonia.
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Expression of programmed death 1 is correlated with progression of osteosarcoma.
APMIS
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2014
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Accumulating bodies of evidence indicate that immune dysregulation plays a key role in the development of osteosarcoma (OS). Programmed death 1 (PD-1) is a surface receptor expressed on activated and exhausted T cells, which mediate T-cell inhibition upon binding with its ligand. Researches on PD-1 and OS remain extremely limited. Here, we investigated whether PD-1 could be involved in the development of OS. Expression of PD-1 was measured by flow cytometry on peripheral CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from 56 OS cases and 42 healthy controls. Data revealed that percentages of PD-1 were significantly upregulated on both peripheral CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from OS patients (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively). Patients with different tumor locations did not present obvious variations in PD-1 level. However, patients with metastasis showed significantly higher level of PD-1 on CD4+ T cells than those without metastasis (p < 0.001). Furthermore, PD-1 expression on CD4+ T cells started to increase in stage III, whereas PD-1 expression on CD8+ T cells started to increase in stage II. In addition, patients with pathological fracture were observed to have elevated PD-1 on both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. These data suggest that PD-1 is involved in the pathogenesis of OS, especially in the progression of disease.
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Effects of combined therapy with glipizide and Aralia root bark extract on glycemic control and lipid profiles in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
J. Sci. Food Agric.
PUBLISHED: 06-02-2014
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The root bark of Aralia is a rich source of bioactive components that may improve glycemic control and lipid status. In this study, 148 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were assigned randomly to receive either glipizide alone or glipizide plus Aralia root bark extract (ARBE) for 8 weeks to test the effects of ARBE plus glipizide therapy on glycemic control and lipid profiles in these patients.
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[Correlation between end-tidal carbon dioxide and partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide in ventilated newborns].
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-27-2014
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To study the correlation between end-tidal carbon dioxide (PetCO2) and partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2) in ventilated newborns.
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IL-17A promotes ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction.
J. Mol. Med.
PUBLISHED: 05-23-2014
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Inflammatory responses play an important role in the pathogenesis of adverse ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI). We previously demonstrated that interleukin (IL)-17A plays a pathogenic role in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury and viral myocarditis. However, the role of IL-17A in post-MI remodeling and the related mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. Acute MI was induced by permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery in C57BL/6 mice. Repletion of IL-17A significantly aggravated both early- and late-phase ventricular remodeling, as demonstrated by increased infarct size, deteriorated cardiac function, increased myocardial fibrosis, and cardiomyocyte apoptosis. By contrast, genetic IL-17A deficiency had the opposite effect. Additional studies in vitro indicated that IL-17A induces neonatal cardiomyocyte (from C57BL/6 mice) apoptosis through the activation of p38, p53 phosphorylation, and Bax redistribution. These data demonstrate that IL-17A induces cardiomyocyte apoptosis through the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-p53-Bax signaling pathway and promotes both early- and late-phase post-MI ventricular remodeling. IL-17A might be an important target in preventing heart failure after MI.
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[Tracing investigation and diagnosis of one transfusion-transmitted malaria case in Zhejiang Province].
Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2014
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To identify the sources of infection and the mode of transmission of a malaria case with unknown origin.
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[Investigation and OCRL mutation analysis of a family with oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe].
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 04-23-2014
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Oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe (OCRL) is an X-linked recessive disorder. This study investigated the history of a Chinese family with OCRL and used direct DNA sequencing to screen all exons of OCRL gene for mutations. A missense mutation (1736 A?G) in exon 15 was revealed, which resulted in the change of His (H) 507 to Arg (R). The patient's mother was the carrier of the heterozygous mutation in X-chromosome. To our knowledge, H507R mutation in OCRL gene has not been reported in Chinese people.
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Disruption and molecular characterization of calpains-related (MoCAPN1, MoCAPN3 and MoCAPN4) genes in Magnaporthe oryzae.
Microbiol. Res.
PUBLISHED: 03-13-2014
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Calpains are intracellular, cysteine proteases found in plants, animals and fungi functioning as signal transduction components in different cellular pathways including sporulation and alkaline adaptation in fungi. Calpains-related MoCAPN1 (MGG_14872), MoCAPN3 (MGG_15810) and MoCAPN4 (MGG_04818) genes from Magnaporthe oryzae genome which are 2604, 3513 and 771-bp in length and encoding identical proteins of 867, 1170 and 256 amino acids were functionally characterized for different phenotypes through gene disruption method. All the mutants except those for MoCAPN1 showed normal phenotypes. In pathogenicity test, the mutants did not lead to any visible changes in phenotypes causing similar blast lesions on blast susceptible rice and barley leaves as those of the Guy-11 strain suggesting no major role in pathogenicity. Germ tubes formation, appressorium formation, mycelium radial growth and mating with 2539 strain were indistinguishable among the mutants and Guy-11 strains. Cell wall integrity (congo red) test, stress response under chemical pressure (ZnSO4, CuSO4 and CdCl2), osmotic and oxidative (NaCl and H2O2) stress response, growth response on glucose and nitrogen deficient media resulted in similar results in the mutants and Guy-11 strains. However, mutants for ?MoCAPN1 gene produced reduced (0.57±0.15B and 0.54±0.05B) conidia compared to that (1.69±0.13A) of the Guy-11 strain showing its involvement in conidiation.
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Synthesis and biological evaluation of 2,3-diaryl isoquinolinone derivatives as anti-breast cancer agents targeting ER? and VEGFR-2.
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 03-12-2014
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The estrogen receptor ? is recognized as important pharmaceutical target for breast cancer therapy, and vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFRs) play important roles in tumor angiogenesis including breast cancer. A series of 2,3-diaryl isoquinolinone derivatives were designed and synthesized targeting both estrogen receptor ? (ER?) and VEGFR-2. Bioactivity evaluation showed that compounds 7c, 7d and 7f exhibited significant anti-proliferative and anti-angiogenesis activities via ER? and VEGFR-2 dependent mechanisms.
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Cry1 and Tef gene polymorphisms are associated with major depressive disorder in the Chinese population.
J Affect Disord
PUBLISHED: 03-04-2014
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Accumulating evidences indicate that circadian abnormalities lead to sleep disorder, neurodegenerative diseases and depression. We have reported that the polymorphisms of a clock-related gene, Tef, contributed to the risk of sleep disturbances and depression in the Parkinson disease. The objective of the present study was to examine whether the three clock genes we previously studied are associated with major depressive disorder (MDD) in the Chinese population.
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Twist-related protein 1 negatively regulated osteoblastic transdifferentiation of human aortic valve interstitial cells by directly inhibiting runt-related transcription factor 2.
J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 02-27-2014
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Valve calcification involves transdifferentiation of valve interstitial cells (VICs) into osteoblasts. Twist-related protein 1 (TWIST1) has been established as a negative regulator of osteoblast differentiation in both mouse and human mesenchymal stem cells, but its function in human aortic VICs is unknown. In our study, we determined the mechanism of TWIST1 action in regulating osteoblastic transdifferentiation of human aortic VICs.
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The effect of ROCK-1 activity change on the adhesive and invasive ability of Y79 retinoblastoma cells.
BMC Cancer
PUBLISHED: 02-12-2014
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Retinoblastoma (Rb) is the most common intraocular tumor in childhood worldwide. It is a deadly pediatric eye cancer. The main cause of death in Rb patients is intracranial and systemic metastasis. ROCK is the main downstream effector of Ras-homologous (Rho) family of GTPases which are involved in many cellular functions, such as cell proliferation, invasion and metastasis. Overexpression of ROCK promotes invasion and metastasis of many solid tumors. However, the effect of ROCK in Rb is largely unknown.
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Brief report: effects of solution-focused brief therapy group-work on promoting post-traumatic growth of mothers who have a child with ASD.
J Autism Dev Disord
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2014
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The study evaluated the impact of solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT) group-work on the post-traumatic growth (PTG) of mothers who have a child with ASD. A quasi-experimental design was used in which 43 mothers participated. 18 mothers in 2 SFBT groups (n = 9 in each group) received a 6-session SFBT group therapy while 25 mothers in a control group received no treatment. The Post-traumatic Growth Inventory was used to measure the PTG levels of the participants at baseline, post-treatment and 6-month follow-up assessments. Mothers who attended SFBT group-work reported higher PTG scores both at post-treatment (t = 4.065, p = .001) and 6-month follow-up (t = 2.980, p = .006) assessments. Further investigations to prove whether SFBT in groups can increase the positivity of clients would promote the use of SFBT.
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Extramedullary spinal teratoma presenting with recurrent aseptic meningitis.
Pediatr. Neurol.
PUBLISHED: 02-02-2014
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Spinal teratomas are extremely rare; they constitute <0.5% of all spinal cord tumors. These rare tumors have nonspecific manifestations but in most cases are accompanied by neurological deficits. Rupture of a mature teratoma can cause chemical meningitis.
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The organochlorine p,p'-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane induces colorectal cancer growth through Wnt/?-catenin signaling.
Toxicol. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2014
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Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), an organochlorine pollutant, is associated with several types of cancer. However, the relationship between DDT and colorectal cancer is uncertain. In this study, the impact of p,p'-DDT on colorectal cancer growth was evaluated using both in vitro and in vivo models. Our results indicated that the proliferation of human colorectal adenocarcinoma DLD1 cells was significantly promoted after exposed to low concentrations of p,p'-DDT ranging from 10(-12) to 10(-7) M for 96 h. Exposure to p,p'-DDT from 10(-10) to 10(-8) M led to upregulation of phospho-GSK3? (Ser9), ?-catenin, c-Myc and cyclin D1 in DLD1 cells. RNA interference of ?-catenin inhibited the proliferation of DLD1 cells stimulated by p,p'-DDT. Inhibiting of estrogen receptors (ERs) had no significant effect on the action of p,p'-DDT. Treatment with p,p'-DDT induced production of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inhibited superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in DLD1 cells. Treatment with N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), a ROS inhibitor, suppressed the induction of Wnt/?-catenin signaling and DLD1 cell proliferation by p,p'-DDT. Moreover, in a mouse xenograft model, 5 nmol/kg p,p'-DDT resulted in increased tumor size, oxidative stress and Wnt/?-catenin signaling. These results indicated that low concentrations of p,p'-DDT promoted colorectal cancer growth through Wnt/?-catenin signaling, which was mediated by oxidative stress. The finding suggests an association between low concentrations of p,p'-DDT exposure and colorectal cancer progression.
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Association between lutein and zeaxanthin status and the risk of cataract: a meta-analysis.
Nutrients
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2014
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The purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the relationship between blood lutein and zeaxanthin concentration and the risk of age-related cataract (ARC). MEDLINE, EMBASE, ISI and Cochrane Library were searched to identify relevant studies up to April 2013. Meta-analysis was conducted to obtain pooled relative risks (RRs) for the highest-versus-lowest categories of blood lutein and zeaxanthin concentrations. One cohort study and seven cross-sectional studies were included in the meta-analysis. There were significant inverse associations between nuclear cataract and blood lutein and zeaxanthin concentrations, with the pooled RRs ranging from 0.63 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.49, 0.77) for zeaxanthin to 0.73 (95% CI: 0.59, 0.87) for lutein. A stronger association between nuclear cataract and blood zeaxanthin might be noted for the studies conducted in the European Nations. Blood lutein and zeaxanthin were also noted to lead towards a decrease in the risk of cortical cataract and subcapsular cataract; however, these pooled RRs were not statistically significant, with the exception of a marginal association between lutein and subcapsular cataract. Our results suggest that high blood lutein and zeaxanthin are significantly associated with a decrease in the risk of nuclear cataract. However, no significant associations were found for ARC in other regions of the lens.
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Crosstalk between SNF1 pathway and the peroxisome-mediated lipid metabolism in Magnaporthe oryzae.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The SNF1/AMPK pathway has a central role in response to nutrient stress in yeast and mammals. Previous studies on SNF1 function in phytopathogenic fungi mostly focused on the catalytic subunit Snf1 and its contribution to the derepression of cell wall degrading enzymes (CWDEs). However, the MoSnf1 in Magnaporthe oryzae was reported not to be involved in CWDEs regulation. The mechanism how MoSnf1 functions as a virulence determinant remains unclear. In this report, we demonstrate that MoSnf1 retains the ability to respond to nutrient-free environment via its participation in peroxisomal maintenance and lipid metabolism. Observation of GFP-tagged peroxisomal targeting signal-1 (PTS1) revealed that the peroxisomes of ?Mosnf1 were enlarged in mycelia and tended to be degraded before conidial germination, leading to the sharp decline of peroxisomal amount during appressorial development, which might impart the mutant great retard in lipid droplets mobilization and degradation. Consequently, ?Mosnf1 exhibited inability to maintain normal appressorial cell wall porosity and turgor pressure, which are key players in epidermal infection process. Exogenous glucose could partially restore the appressorial function and virulence of ?Mosnf1. Toward a further understanding of SNF1 pathway, the ?-subunit MoSip2, ?-subunit MoSnf4, and two putative Snf1-activating kinases, MoSak1 and MoTos3, were additionally identified and characterized. Here we show the null mutants ?Mosip2 and ?Mosnf4 performed multiple disorders as ?Mosnf1 did, suggesting the complex integrity is essential for M. oryzae SNF1 kinase function. And the upstream kinases, MoSak1 and MoTos3, play unequal roles in SNF1 activation with a clear preference to MoSak1 over MoTos3. Meanwhile, the mutant lacking both of them exhibited a severe phenotype comparable to ?Mosnf1, uncovering a cooperative relationship between MoSak1 and MoTos3. Taken together, our data indicate that the SNF1 pathway is required for fungal development and facilitates pathogenicity by its contribution to peroxisomal maintenance and lipid metabolism in M. oryzae.
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Diverse interleukin-7 mRNA transcripts in Chinese tree shrew (Tupaia belangeri chinensis).
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Interleukin-7 (IL7) is a pleiotropic cytokine that is actively involved in the immune system. The Chinese tree shrew (Tupaia belangeri chinensis) has been proposed as an alternative experimental animal to primates in biomedical research. However, there is a lack of biological knowledge about the immune system of the tree shrew. In this study, we cloned the IL7 gene (tIL7) in the Chinese tree shrew and quantified the expression of mRNA transcripts in eight tissues (heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, intestine, skeletal muscle and brain) from 20 individuals. Eleven tIL7 mRNA transcripts were identified in different tissues. The canonical form (tIL7c) had a length of 1817 bp and encoded a predicted gene product with 177 amino acids. Phylogenetic analyses based on the amino acid sequences revealed a considerably large genetic difference between tree shrew and human. Quantification of mRNA expression of transcripts tIL7c, tIL7-sv1, tIL7-sv2 and tIL7-sv3 showed that these transcripts were expressed in all tissues, albeit the expression levels varied in different tissues. Transcripts tIL7c, tIL7-sv1, and tIL7-sv2 had the lowest expression in brain, and tIL7-sv3 had a dramatically high mRNA expression in skeletal muscle and heart. The mRNA expression levels of tIL7c and tIL7-sv1 were significantly increased upon ploy(I:C) stimulation in tree shrew primary renal cells. As with human full-length IL7, tIL7c, tIL7-sv1, tIL7-sv2 and tIL7-sv3 showed similar a subcellular localization pattern. Our results identified diverse tIL7 transcripts in the Chinese tree shrew, which may play a potential role in modulating IL7-regulated biological effects.
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RNA-seq reveals determinants of sensitivity to chemotherapy drugs in esophageal carcinoma cells.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Chemotherapy remains the mainstay of treatment for patients with incurable disease of esophageal carcinoma. Most patients respond poorly to chemotherapy, it is necessary to figure out biomarkers for chemotherapy sensitivity or resistance to perform the individualized therapy. In present work, the sensitivities of two ESCC cell lines to 9 chemotherapy drugs were identified and the transcriptome of these two cell lines were investigated by RNA-seq, the correlation between the sensitivity to drugs and expression of some genes was attempted to construct. Eca-1 was more resistant to most of the chemotherapy drugs than Eca-109 cell line. RNA-seq results showed that there is dramatic difference in the basal expression between these two ESCC cell lines. Pathway analysis demonstrated that these differentially expressed genes were mainly enriched in G?i signaling, calcium signaling, cAMP-mediated signaling, G-protein coupled receptor signaling and actin cytoskeleton signaling pathways. The molecules in G?i signaling (ADCY1 and SSTR3) and actin cytoskeleton signaling (MYH6 and MYH7) were highly expressed in multidrug-resistant Eca-1 cells, which were validated by quantitative PCR. Activation of these two pathways results in the upregulation of downstream signaling, PKA signaling and Src-STAT3, and downregulation of RAF-ERK signaling, which was validated by immunoblotting experiments. Our work proposed that activation of G?i signaling or actin cytoskeleton signaling may confer ESCC cells resistance to most chemotherapy drugs. Our work might provide potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for treatment of EC patients.
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Telomere recombination preferentially occurs at short telomeres in telomerase-null type II survivors.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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In telomerase negative yeast cells, Rad52-dependent recombination is activated to maintain telomeres. This recombination-mediated telomere elongation usually involves two independent pathways, type I and type II, and leads to generation of type I and type II survivors. It remains elusive whether the recombination-mediated telomere elongation prefers to take place on shorter or longer telomeres. In this study, we exploited the de novo telomere addition system to examine the telomere recombination event in telomerase negative cells. We show that recombination preferentially occurs on shorter rather than longer telomeres in both pre-survivors and established type II survivors. In type II survivors, the short VII-L telomeres could invade either terminal TG1-3 sequence or short tracts of TG1-3 sequence in subtelomeric Y'-X and Y'-Y' junction to initiate recombination. Unexpectedly, short VII-L telomere recombination still takes place in type II survivors lacking either Rad50 or Rad59, which are required for type II survivor generation in senescing telomerase-null cells. Our results support the notion that Rad50 and Rad59 are not essential for the maintenance of type II survivors once established.
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[Clinical investigation and mutation analysis of a child with citrin deficiency complicated with purpura, convulsive seizures and methioninemia].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-12-2013
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To analyze the clinical features and SLC25A13 gene mutations of a child with citrin deficiency complicated with purpura, convulsive seizures and methioninemia.
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mAb Das-1 is specific for high-risk and malignant intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN).
Gut
PUBLISHED: 11-25-2013
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Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) consists of four epithelial subtypes that correlate with histological grades and risks for malignant transformation. mAb Das-1 is a monoclonal antibody against a colonic epithelial phenotype that is reactive to premalignant conditions of the upper GI tract. We sought to assess the ability of mAb Das-1 to identify IPMN with high risk of malignant transformation.
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Disciplinary competitiveness analysis in international stomatology education.
J Dent Educ
PUBLISHED: 11-07-2013
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With economic and cultural globalization, the trend of globalization of higher education becomes inevitable. Using the concept of competitiveness, the authors established a principal component analysis (PCA) model to examine disciplinary competitiveness in stomatology of various higher education institutions worldwide. A total of forty-four universities entered the final list according to these calculations. Possible reasons for their selection were explored and explained at macro and micro levels. The authors further accessed various sources of data and summarized several suggestions for enhancing disciplinary competitiveness for other universities in pursuit of promoting their position in the global spectrum.
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C5a Receptor (CD88) Blockade Protects against MPO-ANCA GN.
J. Am. Soc. Nephrol.
PUBLISHED: 10-31-2013
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Necrotizing and crescentic GN (NCGN) with a paucity of glomerular immunoglobulin deposits is associated with ANCA. The most common ANCA target antigens are myeloperoxidase (MPO) and proteinase 3. In a manner that requires activation of the alternative complement pathway, passive transfer of antibodies to mouse MPO (anti-MPO) induces a mouse model of ANCA NCGN that closely mimics human disease. Here, we confirm the importance of C5aR/CD88 in the mediation of anti-MPO-induced NCGN and report that C6 is not required. We further demonstrate that deficiency of C5a-like receptor (C5L2) has the reverse effect of C5aR/CD88 deficiency and results in more severe disease, indicating that C5aR/CD88 engagement enhances inflammation and C5L2 engagement suppresses inflammation. Oral administration of CCX168, a small molecule antagonist of human C5aR/CD88, ameliorated anti-MPO-induced NCGN in mice expressing human C5aR/CD88. These observations suggest that blockade of C5aR/CD88 might have therapeutic benefit in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis and GN.
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Complement in ANCA-associated vasculitis.
Semin. Nephrol.
PUBLISHED: 10-29-2013
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Antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCA) are the likely cause for necrotizing small-vessel vasculitis and crescentic glomerulonephritis. Unlike other forms of crescentic glomerulonephritis induced by immune complexes or anti-glomerular basement membrane antibodies that have conspicuous vessel wall immunoglobulin and complement, there is a paucity, although usually not an absence, of vessel wall immunoglobulin and complement in ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis. Despite this comparatively lower level and more localized distribution of vessel wall complement, experimental and clinical observations strongly incriminate alternative complement pathway activation as critically important in the pathogenesis of ANCA disease. Experimental data in animal models and in vitro experiments has shown that primed neutrophils are activated by ANCA, which generates C5a, which engages C5a receptors on neutrophils. This attracts and in turn primes more neutrophils for activation by ANCA. In patients with ANCA disease, plasma levels of C3a, C5a, soluble C5b-9, and Bb have been reported to be higher in active disease than in remission, whereas no difference was reported in plasma C4d in active versus ANCA disease remission. Thus, experimental and clinical data support the hypothesis that ANCA-induced neutrophil activation activates the alternative complement pathway and generates C5a. C5a not only recruits additional neutrophils through chemotaxis but also primes neutrophils for activation by ANCA. This creates a self-fueling inflammatory amplification loop that results in the extremely destructive necrotizing vascular injury.
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Phosphoglycerate kinase 1 promotes radioresistance in U251 human glioma cells.
Oncol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 10-23-2013
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Phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1) has been found to be increased in radioresistant astrocytomas. The present study was designed to investigate the potential role of PGK1 in the radioresistance in U251 human cells. Quantitative PCR and western blot analysis were performed to evaluate PGK1 expression for mRNA levels and protein levels, respectively. The short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-PGK1 and the high expression plasmids were transfected to radioresistant U251 cells (RR-U251 cells) or normal U251 cells using lipofectamine™ 2000. The cell viability was determined by MTT assay. The wound-healing assay (WHA) was used to evaluate cell migration ability. Cell invasion abilities were examined using a Transwell culture chamber system. Our results showed that the expression of PGK1 was significantly increased in RR-U251 cells compared to normal U251 cells. Following irradiation, the cell viability as well as the migration and invasion ability were significantly higher in RR-U251 cells compared with normal U251 cells. Downregulating PGK1 using shRNA induced a significantly downregulated cell viability and decreased migration and invasion ability, and overexpression of PGK1 contributed to upregulated cell viability and increased migration and invasion ability, both in RR-U251 cells and normal U251 cells. These findings suggest that PGK1 could promote radioresistance in U251 human cells.
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[Dynamic changes of lung function in infant of different gestational ages].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-16-2013
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To explore the dynamic changes of lung function in infants born at different gestational ages without respiratory complications.
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[Characteristics of lung function in preterm infants with varying degrees of bronchopulmonary dysplasia].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-16-2013
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To explore the characteristics of lung function in preterm infants with varying degrees of bronchopulmonary dysplasia(BPD).
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National trends in psychotropic medication use in young children: 1994-2009.
Pediatrics
PUBLISHED: 09-30-2013
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To examine recent national trends in psychotropic use for very young children at US outpatient medical visits.
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[Clinical analysis of 22 cases community-acquired Pseudomonas aeruginosa urinary tract infection].
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-10-2013
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To study the characteristics of community-acquired urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) in children, analyze the risk factors and the susceptibility of antibiotics, thus to provide references to the diagnosis and medication of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA)-CAUTIs. Mothod Totally 22 cases of PA-CAUTIs were selected in one hospital from Jan, 2006 to Jan, 2012, their clinical information, laboratory results and radiological images were collected, and were compared with the CAUTIs cased by E. coli of those randomly selected over the same period.
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[Pituitary functional recovery and hormone replacement therapy of patients with pituitary adenoma surgery].
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
PUBLISHED: 08-01-2013
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To study the pituitary functional recovery of patients with pituitary adenoma surgery and to identify appropriate dosages of hormone replacement for those patients.
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Antiviral activity of Folium isatidis derived extracts in vitro and in vivo.
Am. J. Chin. Med.
PUBLISHED: 07-31-2013
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Folium isatidis is a native Chinese herbaceous plant widely used for medicinal purposes for thousands of years. However, few studies have focused on the leaves of Isatis indigotica. In this report, we isolated a series of four fractions (I-IV) from Folium isatidis and explored the antiviral activity of each tested extract. The extracts were active against a panel of RNA and DNA viruses in vitro, namely influenza A virus (IAV), coxsackie virus B3 (CVB3), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and adenovirus type 7 (Ad-7). Oral administration of 200 mg/kg/d of fraction III in mice exerted strong antiviral effects in viral replication, accompanied by prolonged survival rate, attenuated lung tissue damage as well as significant reductions in pulmonary virus titers and lung index. Our results provide the first biochemical evidence that Folium isatidis and its extracts could be used as potential antiviral agent in the postexposure prophylaxis for multiple viral infections.
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In vitro and in vivo studies of the inhibitory effects of emodin isolated from Polygonum cuspidatum on Coxsakievirus B?.
Molecules
PUBLISHED: 07-29-2013
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The lack of effective therapeutics for Coxsackievirus B? (CVB?) infection underscores the importance of finding novel antiviral compounds. Emodin (1,3,8-trihydroxy-6-methylanthraquinone) is one of the natural anthraquinone derivatives obtained from the root and rhizome of Polygonum cuspidatum. In the present study, the possibility of using emodin as a potential antiviral to treat CVB? infection was explored in vitro and in mice. Emodin reduced CVB? entry and replication on Hep-2 cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner, with a 50% effective concentration (EC??) of 12.06 ?M and selectivity index (SI) of 5.08, respectively. The inhibitory effect of emodin for CVB? entry and replication was further confirmed by a quantitative real time PCR (qPCR) assay. The results further showed that the mice orally treated with different dosages of emodin displayed a dose dependent increase of survival rate, body weight and prolonged mean time of death (MTD), accompanied by significantly decreased myocardial virus titers and pathologic scores/lesions. Moreover, emodin could inhibit CVB?-induced apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. Our results indicated that emodin could be used as potential antiviral in the post-exposure prophylaxis for CVB? infection.
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Effect of the cytokine levels in serum on osteosarcoma.
Tumour Biol.
PUBLISHED: 07-29-2013
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Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common malignant bone tumor in patients under 20 years old. Studies have shown that cytokines play important roles in regulating immune responses in OS. In the current study, we investigated the effect of cytokines on OS by assessing serum cytokine profiles. Serum levels of 11 cytokines were measured by multiplex protein arrays in 58 patients with OS and 72 healthy controls. Results showed that serum levels of interleukin 1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra), IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-?) were significantly increased in patients than in controls (2.5-fold, 2.4-fold, 2.7-fold, and 2.1-fold, respectively). When comparing the expression of cytokines in OS patients with different clinical parameters, cases with osteoblastic subtype revealed increased level of IL-6 than patients with other subtypes (p?
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Ecology and geography of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in Changsha, China.
BMC Infect. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 06-17-2013
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Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is an important public health problem in mainland China. HFRS is particularly endemic in Changsha, the capital city of Hunan Province, with one of the highest incidences in China. The occurrence of HFRS is influenced by environmental factors. However, few studies have examined the relationship between environmental variation (such as land use changes and climate variations), rodents and HFRS occurrence. The purpose of this study is to predict the distribution of HFRS and identify the risk factors and relationship between HFRS occurrence and rodent hosts, combining ecological modeling with the Markov chain Monte Carlo approach.
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Complete genome sequence analysis of human echovirus 30 isolated during a large outbreak in Guangdong Province of China, in 2012.
Arch. Virol.
PUBLISHED: 06-02-2013
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In May and June 2012, an outbreak of aseptic meningitis caused by Echovirus 30 (E30) occurred on a large scale in Luoding, Guangdong Province, China. Our team successfully isolated one subtype, strain 2012EM161, and its complete genome was sequenced. The phylogenetic tree of viral protein (VP) 1 gene sequences showed that the viral isolate was similar to the E30 strain prevalent in Fujian (2011), with identity of 98.05-99.32 % and 98.63-99.32 % for nucleotides and amino acids respectively. Whole genome-based phylogenetic analysis indicated that 2012EM161 contained the most proximate consensus to DQ246620 (Zhejiang, 2003) and FDJS03 (AY948442, Jiangsu, 2005), with nucleotide homogeneity of 87.09 % and 86.98 % respectively. The RDP4.16 and Simplot analysis showed that the newly discovered 2012EM161 was probably a recombinant, which was closely related to the strain of E30 (DQ246620) in the first half of the genome and the strain of E6 (JX976771) in genomic P3 region. The whole genome sequence of 2012EM161 will allow further study of the origin, evolution, and the molecular epidemiology of E30 strains.
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[Influences of percutaneous coronary intervention on myocardial activity in myocardial infarction patients with different viable myocardium].
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 04-16-2013
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To evaluate the effect of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on left ventricular function in patients with different types of myocardial infarction and to explore the correlation factors for the left ventricular function.
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Characterization of 12 polymorphic microsatellite markers in the Chinese tree shrew (Tupaia belangeri chinensis).
Zool. Res.
PUBLISHED: 04-11-2013
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The Chinese tree shrew (Tupaia belangeri chinensis) is a small experimental animal with a close affinity to primates. This species has long been proposed to be an alternative experimental animal to primates in biomedical research. Despite decades of study, there is no pure breed for this animal, and the overall genetic diversity of wild tree shrews remains largely unknown. In order to obtain a set of genetic markers for evaluating the genetic diversity of tree shrew wild populations and tracing the lineages in inbreeding populations, we developed 12 polymorphic microsatellite markers from the genomic DNA of the tree shrew. An analysis of a wild population of 117 individuals collected from the suburb of Kunming, China, showed that these loci exhibited a highly expected heterozygosity (0.616). These 12 microsatellites were sufficient for individual identification and parentage analysis. The microsatellite markers developed in this study will be of use in evaluating genetic diversity and lineage tracing for the tree shrew.
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Molecular characterization of echovirus 30-associated outbreak of aseptic meningitis in Guangdong in 2012.
Virol. J.
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2013
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Evaluation of the primary etiologic agents that cause aseptic meningitis outbreaks may provide valuable information regarding the prevention and management of aseptic meningitis. An outbreak of aseptic meningitis occurred from May to June, 2012, in Guangdong Province, China. In order to determine the etiologic agent, CSF specimens from 121 children hospitalized for aseptic meningitis at Luoding Peoples Hospital of Guangdong Province were tested for virus isolation and identification.
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Seroepidemiology of human enterovirus71 and coxsackievirusA16 among children in Guangdong province, China.
BMC Infect. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 03-17-2013
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Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common pediatric illness. Mainly induced by the Enterovirus 71 and Coxsackievirus A 16 infections, the frequently occurred HFMD outbreaks have become a serious public health problem in Southeast Asia. Currently,only a few studies have investigated the human immunity to HFMD in China. In this study, we conducted a cohort study in Guangdong province, China.
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Hyperbaric oxygenation reduces long-term brain injury and ameliorates behavioral function by suppression of apoptosis in a rat model of neonatal hypoxia-ischemia.
Neurochem. Int.
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2013
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Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) produces neurodegeneration and brain injury, and leads to behavioral and cognitive dysfunction. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment may potentially be neuroprotective in HI injury. The aim of this study was to examine any neuroprotection by HBO treatment on long-term neurological function in the rat model of neontatal HI. Seven-day-old rats were subjected to HI or sham surgery. HBO treatment was administered (2.5 ATA for 90 min) 1h after hypoxia exposure. Sensorimotor (grip test and rota-rod) and cognitive tests (inhibitory avoidance and Morris water maze) were performed at postnatal day 28 to day 60. The extent of brain damage was determined by histological evaluation. Apoptosis, caspase-3 and apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) expression were assessed by immunohistochemistry 12, 24, and 48 h after HI. HI-treated animals had significantly worse sensorimotor and cognitive performances than those in the Sham group. HBO treatment led to significant improvements in neurobehavioral functions compared to the HI group, especially for cognitive performances. Morphological evaluation revealed a remarkable recovery of brain injury in the HBO group. Furthermore, the improvements in neurobehavioral impairments were correlated with the reduction in lesion size of the hippocampus and cerebral cortex. The proportion of apoptotic cells significantly increased with time after HI, and HBO significantly inhibited apoptotic cell death. The proportion of caspase-3 positive cells and nuclear AIF translocation increased and peaked at 24h after HI injury. HBO-treated rats showed decreased expression of these proteins compared to HI-treated animals. In conclusion, our results suggested that HBO treatment was effective in promoting long-term functional and histological recovery against neonatal HI brain injury. HBO-induced neuroprotection was associated with suppression of apoptosis by inhibiting caspase-3 and AIF-mediated pathways. Further studies evaluating its associated molecular and cellular mechanism are needed.
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4-Hydroxytamoxifen-stimulated processing of cyclin E is mediated via G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) and accompanied by enhanced migration in MCF-7 breast cancer cells.
Toxicology
PUBLISHED: 02-19-2013
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Over-expression of cleaved cyclin E in breast tumors is closely associated with tumor progression and resistance to antiestrogens. 17?-Estradiol (E2) has been recently shown to induce cyclin E processing in breast cancer cells. Tamoxifen has been used in patients with estrogen-sensitive breast cancer, yet resistance to antiestrogens and recurrence will appear in some of the patients after its continued use. We therefore addressed possible effects of tamoxifen on the generation of cleaved cyclin E and its signal mechanism(s) in estrogen-responsive MCF-7 breast cancer cells that express both G protein-coupled protein (GPR) 30 and estrogen receptor ? (ER?). 4-Hydroxytamoxifen (OHT, tamoxifens active form) failed to prevent E2-induced proteolysis of cyclin E and migration, but rather triggered cyclin E cleavage coincident with augmented migration. OHT-induced cyclin E truncation also occurred in SK-BR-3 cells that express GPR30 and lack ER?, but not in MDA-MB-231 cells that express neither GPR30 nor ER?. G1, a specific GPR 30 agonist, caused dramatic proteolysis of cyclin E and enhanced migration. Furthermore, OHT-stimulated cleavage of cyclin E and migration were tremendously attenuated by G15, a GPR30 antagonist, or siRNA against GPR30. In addition, inhibitors for EGFR or ERK1/2 remarkably suppressed OHT-induced truncation of cyclin E, suggesting involvement of EGFR signaling. Collectively, our data indicate that OHT contributes to the production of proteolyzed cyclin E via GPR30 with augmented migration in MCF-7 cells.
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Y chromosome AZFc microdeletion may not affect the outcomes of ICSI for infertile males with fresh ejaculated sperm.
J. Assist. Reprod. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2013
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To explore whether the presence of a Y chromosome AZFc microdeletion confers any adverse effect on the outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with fresh ejaculated sperm.
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MoMon1 is required for vacuolar assembly, conidiogenesis and pathogenicity in the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae.
Res. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2013
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Mon1 protein is involved in cytoplasm-to-vacuole trafficking, vacuolar morphology and autophagy, and is required for homotypic vacuole fusion in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Here we identify MoMON1 from Magnaporthe oryzae as an ortholog of S. cerevisiae MON1, essential for the morphology of the vacuole and vesicle fusion. Target gene deletion of MoMON1 resulted in accumulation of small punctuate vacuoles in the hypha and hypersensitivity to monensin, an antibiotic that blocks intracellular protein transport. The ?Momon1 mutant exhibited significantly reduced aerial hyphal development and poor conidiation. Conidia of ?Momon1 were able to differentiate appressoria. However, ?Momon1 was non-pathogenic on rice leaves, even after wound inoculation. In addition, ?Momon1 was slightly hypersensitive to Congo red and SDS, but not to cell wall degrading enzymes, suggesting significant alterations in its cell wall. The autophagy process was blocked in the ?Momon1 mutant. Taken together, our results suggest that MoMON1 has an essential function in vacuolar assembly, autophagy, fungal development and pathogenicity in M. oryzae.
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Tumor cells positive and negative for the common cancer stem cell markers are capable of initiating tumor growth and generating both progenies.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2013
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The cancer stem cell (CSC) model depicts that tumors are hierarchically organized and maintained by CSCs lying at the apex. CSCs have been "identified" in a variety of tumors through the tumor-forming assay, in which tumor cells distinguished by a certain cell surface marker (known as a CSC marker) were separately transplanted into immunodeficient mice. In such assays, tumor cells positive but not negative for the CSC marker (hereby defined as CSC(+) and CSC(-) cells, respectively) have the ability of tumor-forming and generating both progenies. However, here we show that CSC(+) and CSC(-) cells exhibit similar proliferation in the native states. Using a cell tracing method, we demonstrate that CSC(-) cells exhibit similar tumorigenesis and proliferation as CSC(+) cells when they were co-transplanted into immunodeficient mice. Through serial single-cell derived subline construction, we further demonstrated that CSC(+) and CSC(-) cells from CSC marker expressing tumors could invariably generate both progenies, and their characteristics are maintained among different generations irrespective of the origins (CSC(+)-derived or CSC(-)-derived). These findings demonstrate that tumorigenic cells cannot be distinguished by common CSC markers alone and we propose that cautions should be taken when using these markers independently to identify cancer stem cells due to the phenotypic plasticity of tumor cells.
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Telomerase-null survivor screening identifies novel telomere recombination regulators.
PLoS Genet.
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2013
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Telomeres are protein-DNA structures found at the ends of linear chromosomes and are crucial for genome integrity. Telomeric DNA length is primarily maintained by the enzyme telomerase. Cells lacking telomerase will undergo senescence when telomeres become critically short. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a very small percentage of cells lacking telomerase can remain viable by lengthening telomeres via two distinct homologous recombination pathways. These "survivor" cells are classified as either Type I or Type II, with each class of survivor possessing distinct telomeric DNA structures and genetic requirements. To elucidate the regulatory pathways contributing to survivor generation, we knocked out the telomerase RNA gene TLC1 in 280 telomere-length-maintenance (TLM) gene mutants and examined telomere structures in post-senescent survivors. We uncovered new functional roles for 10 genes that affect the emerging ratio of Type I versus Type II survivors and 22 genes that are required for Type II survivor generation. We further verified that Pif1 helicase was required for Type I recombination and that the INO80 chromatin remodeling complex greatly affected the emerging frequency of Type I survivors. Finally, we found the Rad6-mediated ubiquitination pathway and the KEOPS complex were required for Type II recombination. Our data provide an independent line of evidence supporting the idea that these genes play important roles in telomere dynamics.
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Altered neural processing of threat in alcohol-dependent men.
Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-16-2013
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Stress-response biological systems are altered in alcohol-dependent individuals and are reported to predict future relapse. This study was designed to assess neural disruptions in alcohol-dependent participants when exposed to a conditioned stimulus (CS) warning of the impending onset of a universal, nonpersonalized stressor.
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Effect of Y-27632 on the cultured retinal neurocytes of rats.
Int J Ophthalmol
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2013
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To investigate the effect of Y-27632 on the survival and neurite outgrowth of the cultured retinal neurocytes.
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Seroprevalence of Human Enterovirus 71 and Coxsackievirus A16 in Guangdong, China, in Pre- and Post-2010 HFMD Epidemic Period.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Human Enterovirus 71 and Coxsackie A16 have caused many outbreaks in the last decade in mainland China, resulting in thousands of fatal cases. Seroepidemiology which provides important information to document population immunity is rare in China.
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Brain-derived neurotrophic factor is up-regulated in severe acute cauda equina syndrome dog model.
Int J Clin Exp Med
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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To determine the level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in experimental dog model of severe acute cauda equina syndrome, which was induced by multiple cauda equina constrictions throughout the entire lumbar (L), sacral (S) and coccygeal (Co) spinal cord and their central processes of the dorsal root ganglia neurons. Adult male mongrel dogs were randomly divided into 2 groups. The experiment group (n=4) was subjected to multiple cauda equina constrictions. The control group (n=4) was subjected to cauda equina exposure without constrictions. Level of BDNF in the spinal cord and the dorsal root ganglion cells (L7, S1-S3) was assessed 48 hours after multiple constrictions by immunohistochemical and histopathological analyses. 48 hours after multiple constrictions of cauda equina, up-regulation of BDNF within lumbosacral (L7-S3) spinal cord and dorsal root ganglion was observed in experimental group as compared to control group. Our result suggests that BDNF might play a role in the inflammatory and neuropathic pain as a result of multiple cauda equina constrictions. Regulation of BDNF level could potentially provide a therapy for treating cauda equina syndrome.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.