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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Lapatinib for the treatment of breast cancer in the People's Republic of China.
Onco Targets Ther
PUBLISHED: 07-31-2014
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Lapatinib is an oral, small-molecule, reversible inhibitor of both epidermal growth factor receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) tyrosine kinases. In March 2007, the US Food and Drug Administration approved lapatinib for use in combination with capecitabine for the treatment of women with HER2-overexpressing, advanced or metastatic breast cancer. This review discusses the available information of lapatinib in Chinese breast cancer patients, focusing on its effectiveness and clinical application against advanced or metastatic breast cancer. In pivotal phase III trials, a combination of lapatinib and capecitabine significantly decreased the risk of disease progression compared to capecitabine alone in women with HER2-positive advanced or metastatic breast cancer. Other trials were used to evaluate lapatinib in combination with hormone therapy, in combination with trastuzumab, and as an adjunct to adjuvant therapy for early-stage disease. Preclinical data have revealed that lapatinib is active in trastuzumab-resistant cell lines as well as synergistic with trastuzumab. In clinical trials, lapatinib has not been associated with serious or symptomatic cardiotoxicity. Further, it can cross the blood-brain barrier and may therefore have a role in preventing cancer progression in the central nervous system. Thus, lapatinib warrants further evaluation in HER2-positive metastatic and early-stage breast cancer patients.
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Fumaric acid production by Torulopsis glabrata: Engineering the urea cycle and the purine nucleotide cycle.
Biotechnol. Bioeng.
PUBLISHED: 04-26-2014
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A multi-vitamin auxotrophic Torulopsis glabrata strain, a pyruvate producer, was further engineered to produce fumaric acid. Using the genome-scale metabolic model iNX804 of T. glabrata, four fumaric acid biosynthetic pathways, involving the four cytosolic enzymes, argininosuccinate lyase (ASL), adenylosuccinate lyase (ADSL), fumarylacetoacetase (FAA), and fumarase (FUM1), were found. Athough single overexpression of each of the four enzymes in the cytosol improved fumaric acid production, the highest fumaric acid titer (5.62?g?L(-1) ) was obtained with strain T.G-ASL(H) -ADSL(L) by controlling the strength of ASL at a high level and ADSL at a low level. In order to further improve the production of fumaric acid, the SpMAE1 gene encoding the C4 -dicarboxylic acids transporter was overexpressed in strain T.G-ASL(H) -ADSL(L) -SpMAE1 and the final fumaric acid titer increased to 8.83?g?L(-1) . This study provides a novel strategy for fumaric acid biosynthesis by utilizing the urea cycle and the purine nucleotide cycle to enhance the bridge between carbon metabolism and nitrogen metabolism. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2014;9999: 1-12. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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Two non-exclusive strategies employed to protect Torulopsis glabrata against hyperosmotic stress.
Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
PUBLISHED: 02-01-2014
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Several recent reports described an apoptosis-like programmed cell death (PCD) process in yeast in response to different environmental challenges. In this study, hyperosmotic stress caused by high NaCl concentration in culture medium induced cell death in the haploid yeast Torulopsis glabrata. Propidium iodide (PI) and PI/rhodamine-123 (Rh123) dual staining with flow cytometry showed that high salinity decreased intact cells by 16.5 %, increased necrotic cells by nearly twofold, and altered fermentative parameters appreciably. Morphological and biochemical indicators of apoptosis were apparent, specifically a decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential (??m), translocation of phosphatidylserine (PS) from the inner to the outer side of the plasma membrane, generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and involvement of caspase all while plasma membrane integrity was maintained. Additionally, it was found that overexpression of YCA1 drastically stimulated cell death, indicating that activation of metacaspase might lead to cell death. However, T. glabrata growth under hyperosmotic stress was enhanced when FIS1, HOG1, and GPD2 were overexpressed, or when exogenous proline or glutathione (GSH) were added into the cultures, both of which could repress caspase-3 activity. Thus, in these concrete cases of overexpression of anti-apoptotic or anti-necrotic factors and pharmacological manipulations, it decreased T. glabrata cell death that might help to achieve higher fermentative efficiency.
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OPN -443C>T genetic polymorphism and tumor OPN expression are associated with the risk and clinical features of papillary thyroid cancer in a Chinese cohort.
Cell. Physiol. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 06-09-2013
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to test the possible association between the polymorphism of Osteopontin (OPN) gene with the risk and the clinical features of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC).
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Identification of micro-RNA networks in end-stage heart failure because of dilated cardiomyopathy.
J. Cell. Mol. Med.
PUBLISHED: 02-03-2013
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Micro-RNAs regulate gene expression by directly binding to the target mRNAs. The goal of the study was to examine the expression profiling of miRNAs in human failing hearts and identify the key miRNAs that regulate molecular signalling networks and thus contribute to this pathological process. The levels of miRNAs and expressed genes were analysed in myocardial biopsy samples from patients with end-stage heart failure (n = 14) and those from normal heart samples (n = 8). Four networks were built including the Gene regulatory network, Signal-Network, miRNA-GO-Network and miRNA-Gene-Network. According to the fold change in the network and probability values in the microarray cohort, RT-PCR was performed to measure the expression of five of the 72 differentially regulated miRNAs. miR-340 achieved statistically significant. miR-340 was identified for the first time in cardiac pathophysiological condition. We overexpressed miR-340 in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes to identify whether miR-340 plays a determining role in the progression of heart failure. ANP, BNP and caspase-3 were significantly elevated in the miR-340 transfected cells compared with controls (P < 0.05). The cross-sectional area of overexpressing miR-340 cardiomyocytes (1952.22 ± 106.59) was greater (P < 0.0001) than controls (1059.99 ± 45.59) documented by Laser Confocal Microscopy. The changes of cellular structure and the volume were statistical significance. Our study provided a comprehensive miRNA expression profiling in the end-stage heart failure and identified miR-340 as a key miRNA contributing to the occurrence and progression of heart failure. Our discoveries provide novel therapeutic targets for patients with heart failure.
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Technological assessment of a mining-waste dump at the Dexing copper mine, China, for possible conversion to an in situ bioleaching operation.
Bioresour. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 02-20-2009
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In order to extract copper metal from the waste dump of Dexing copper mine and resolve the environmental problems caused by acidic water and heavy metals, a dump bioleaching plant was designed based on a series of experimental investigations. The investigation shown that the low-grade of the dump, refractoriness of chalcopyrite, leakage of pad, small Acidithiobacillus population and low dump permeability are the main factors that contribute to the challenges faced by the plant. Stability of the high and steep slope of the dump is the other hidden danger to which much attention is not paid. To evaluate the potential unstability of the dump, the leaching process, ore surface erosion, particle size, chemical elements and mechanical properties of the waste rock in DCM were investigated through experiment in this paper.
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Circulating MiR-125b as a marker predicting chemoresistance in breast cancer.
PLoS ONE
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Chemotherapy is an important component in the treatment paradigm for breast cancers. However, the resistance of cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents frequently results in the subsequent recurrence and metastasis. Identification of molecular markers to predict treatment outcome is therefore warranted. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether expression of circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) can predict clinical outcome in breast cancer patients treated with adjuvant chemotherapy.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.