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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Local Changes in Microcirculation and the Analgesic Effects of Acupuncture: A Laser Doppler Perfusion Imaging Study.
J Altern Complement Med
PUBLISHED: 10-30-2014
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Abstract Objectives: Although the local response induced by acupuncture manipulation has been considered to be among the important factors that induce the effects of acupuncture, this connection has not yet been properly studied with standardized tools. The aims of this study are to examine the local changes in microcirculation that occur at different manipulation intensities and explore any associations of these changes with the analgesic effects of acupuncture. Participants/Interventions: Twelve healthy volunteers received three acupuncture interventions (insertion only, a single manipulation, and repeated manipulations) at the right LI4 (Hegu or Hapgok) in random order. Outcome measures: Skin blood perfusion was measured in a 100-mm(2) area ellipse centered on LI4 by using laser Doppler perfusion imaging (LDPI) before, during, and after acupuncture stimulation. Pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) were measured at ipsilateral areas, including acupoints ST25 (abdomen), LI5 (hand), LI10 (arm), and SP9 (leg). Results: Repeated acupuncture manipulations enhanced microcirculatory perfusion compared with the insertion-only (p<0.01) and the single-manipulation (p<0.05) conditions. The repeated acupuncture manipulations significantly decreased the pressure pain at ST25 compared with the other groups (each p<0.05). Of note, Spearman correlation analysis revealed significant correlation between changes of local perfusion and PPTs (r=0.393; p=0.018). Conclusions: These results suggested that repeated manipulation induced higher local microcirculatory changes that were correlated with the analgesic effects at the relevant sites. The findings suggest that a proper dose of acupuncture stimulation might be essential to elicit the acupuncture effects.
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Haptic simulation for acupuncture needle manipulation.
J Altern Complement Med
PUBLISHED: 07-14-2014
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Stimulation degree, biomechanical force, and de qi sensation are the three major components of needle manipulation. To date, it has been difficult to measure all three components quantitatively.
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Acupuncture for functional dyspepsia: study protocol for a two-center, randomized controlled trial.
Trials
PUBLISHED: 03-04-2014
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Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a common health problem currently without any optimal treatments. Acupuncture has been traditionally sought as a treatment for FD. The aim of this study is to investigate whether acupuncture treatment helps improve symptoms of FD.
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Pharmacopuncture for cancer care: a systematic review.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2014
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Background. Pharmacopuncture, injection to acupoints with pharmacological medication or herbal medicine, is a new acupuncture therapy widely available in Korea and China for cancer-related symptoms. However, the evidence is yet to be clear. Objective. To determine pharmacopuncture's effectiveness on cancer-related symptoms. Methods. Eleven databases were searched for randomized controlled trials of pharmacopuncture in cancer patients. The Cochrane risk of bias (ROB) assessment tool was used for quality assessment. Results. Twenty-two studies involving 2,459 patients were included. Five trials of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) underwent meta-analysis. Pharmacopuncture significantly relieved severity of CINV compared with control group (3 trials, risk ratio (RR) 1.28, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.14-1.44). The frequency of CINV was also significantly reduced with pharmacopuncture (2 trials, RR 2.47, 95% CI = 2.12-2.89). Seventeen trials studied various symptoms, and in most studies, pharmacopuncture significantly relieved pain, ileus, hiccup, fever, and gastrointestinal symptoms and improved quality of life in various cancer patients. ROB was generally high. Conclusion. It may be suggested with caution that pharmacopuncture may help various symptom relief in cancer patients, but it is hard to draw a firm conclusion due to clinical heterogeneity and high ROB of the included studies, hence warranting further investigation.
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The safety of acupuncture during pregnancy: a systematic review.
Acupunct Med
PUBLISHED: 02-19-2014
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Although there is a growing interest in the use of acupuncture during pregnancy, the safety of acupuncture is yet to be rigorously investigated. The objective of this review is to identify adverse events (AEs) associated with acupuncture treatment during pregnancy.
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From peripheral to central: the role of ERK signaling pathway in acupuncture analgesia.
J Pain
PUBLISHED: 01-23-2014
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Despite accumulating evidence of the clinical effectiveness of acupuncture, its mechanism remains largely unclear. We assume that molecular signaling around the acupuncture needled area is essential for initiating the effect of acupuncture. To determine possible bio-candidates involved in the mechanisms of acupuncture and investigate the role of such bio-candidates in the analgesic effects of acupuncture, we conducted 2 stepwise experiments. First, a genome-wide microarray of the isolated skin layer at the GB34-equivalent acupoint of C57BL/6 mice 1 hour after acupuncture found that a total of 236 genes had changed and that extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activation was the most prominent bio-candidate. Second, in mouse pain models using formalin and complete Freund adjuvant, we found that acupuncture attenuated the nociceptive behavior and the mechanical allodynia; these effects were blocked when ERK cascade was interrupted by the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK)/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitor U0126 (.8 ?g/?L). Based on these results, we suggest that ERK phosphorylation following acupuncture needling is a biochemical hallmark initiating the effect of acupuncture including analgesia.
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Validation of the Korean version of the Acupuncture Expectancy Scale.
Acupunct Med
PUBLISHED: 10-08-2013
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Expectancy has been shown to affect patients responses to acupuncture therapy. However, no validated measure of expectancy for acupuncture is available in the Korean language. The Acupuncture Expectancy Scale (AES), a 4-item self-reporting questionnaire, is the validated instrument for measuring expectancies regarding acupuncture therapy. We translated the AES into Korean and examined its test-retest reliability and construct validity.
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Moxibustion in the management of irritable bowel syndrome: systematic review and meta-analysis.
BMC Complement Altern Med
PUBLISHED: 09-26-2013
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Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common functional gastrointestinal disorder. Many patients suffer from IBS that can be difficult to treat, thus complementary therapies which may be effective and have a lower likelihood of adverse effects are being sought.This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed at critically evaluating the current evidence on moxibustion for improving global symptoms of IBS.
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Acupuncture for acute low back pain: a systematic review.
Clin J Pain
PUBLISHED: 06-06-2013
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Although acupuncture has been frequently used for acute nonspecific low back pain (LBP), relevant systematic reviews indicate sparse and inconclusive evidence. This systematic review aimed at critically evaluating the evidence for/against acupuncture for acute LBP.
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Fear of acupuncture enhances sympathetic activation to acupuncture stimulation.
Acupunct Med
PUBLISHED: 05-05-2013
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Acupuncture treatment frequently evokes both pain and fear, causing patients to be hesitant about undergoing the procedure. This study investigated individual differences in autonomic response to acupuncture stimulation and its relationship to fear of the procedure.
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Effects of laser acupuncture on longitudinal bone growth in adolescent rats.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2013
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Longitudinal bone growth is the results of chondrocyte proliferation and hypertrophy and subsequent endochondral ossification in the growth plate. Recently, laser acupuncture (LA), an intervention to stimulate acupoint with low-level laser irradiation, has been suggested as an intervention to improve the longitudinal bone growth. This study investigated the effects of laser acupuncture on growth, particularly longitudinal bone growth in adolescent male rats. Laser acupuncture was performed once every other day for a total of 9 treatments over 18 days to adolescent male rats. Morphometry of the growth plate, longitudinal bone growth rate, and the protein expression of BMP-2 and IGF-1 in growth plate were observed. The bone growth rate and the heights of growth plates were significantly increased by laser acupuncture. BMP-2 but not IGF-1 immunostaining in growth plate was increased as well. In conclusion, LA promotes longitudinal bone growth in adolescent rats, suggesting that laser acupuncture may be a promising intervention for improving the growth potential for children and adolescents.
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Acupuncture for ankle sprain: systematic review and meta-analysis.
BMC Complement Altern Med
PUBLISHED: 02-26-2013
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Ankle sprain is one of the most frequently encountered musculoskeletal injuries; however, the efficacy of acupuncture in treating ankle sprains remains uncertain. We therefore performed a systematic review to evaluate the evidence regarding acupuncture for ankle sprains.
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Inserting needles into the body: a meta-analysis of brain activity associated with acupuncture needle stimulation.
J Pain
PUBLISHED: 02-05-2013
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Acupuncture is a therapeutic treatment that is defined as the insertion of needles into the body at specific points (ie, acupoints). Advances in functional neuroimaging have made it possible to study brain responses to acupuncture; however, previous studies have mainly concentrated on acupoint specificity. We wanted to focus on the functional brain responses that occur because of needle insertion into the body. An activation likelihood estimation meta-analysis was carried out to investigate common characteristics of brain responses to acupuncture needle stimulation compared to tactile stimulation. A total of 28 functional magnetic resonance imaging studies, which consisted of 51 acupuncture and 10 tactile stimulation experiments, were selected for the meta-analysis. Following acupuncture needle stimulation, activation in the sensorimotor cortical network, including the insula, thalamus, anterior cingulate cortex, and primary and secondary somatosensory cortices, and deactivation in the limbic-paralimbic neocortical network, including the medial prefrontal cortex, caudate, amygdala, posterior cingulate cortex, and parahippocampus, were detected and assessed. Following control tactile stimulation, weaker patterns of brain responses were detected in areas similar to those stated above. The activation and deactivation patterns following acupuncture stimulation suggest that the hemodynamic responses in the brain simultaneously reflect the sensory, cognitive, and affective dimensions of pain.
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Development and validation of acupuncture fear scale.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2013
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Objectives. Strong aversions to acupuncture have been an obstacle to understanding its intrinsic action of acupuncture. Thus, it is necessary to evaluate the nature and extent of fear of acupuncture treatment. Our study aims to develop and validate an instrument that evaluates a patients fear of acupuncture treatment. Methods. We have developed an acupuncture fear scale, a 16-item instrument which assesses the acupuncture fear score and uses it to survey 275 participants in South Korea, thus testing the reliability and validity of the instrument. Results. Internal consistency was high (Cronbachs alpha = 0.935). Test-retest reliability (Spearmans rank correlation coefficient) among 33 participants out of 275 ranged from 0.565 to 0.797 (P < 0.001). Principal component analysis revealed two factors accounting for 68% of the variance, which are painful sensation and possible adverse events, respectively. The acupuncture fear scale was positively correlated with the total of fear of pain questionnaire-III (r = 0.423, P < 0.001). Conclusions. The acupuncture fear scale can be a valid and reliable instrument that can measure fear of acupuncture treatment. These results strongly suggest that it would be a clinically useful tool to assess fear of acupuncture in the acupuncture clinic setting and an important instrument to understand the complex social-behavioral component of acupuncture modality.
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LCB 03-0110, a novel pan-discoidin domain receptor/c-Src family tyrosine kinase inhibitor, suppresses scar formation by inhibiting fibroblast and macrophage activation.
J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther.
PUBLISHED: 11-29-2011
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Wound healing generally induces an inflammatory response associated with tissue fibrosis in which activated macrophage and myofibroblast cells are primarily involved. Although this is known to be the underlying mechanism for scarring and various fibrotic pathologies, no effective intervention is currently available. We identified (3-(2-(3-(morpholinomethyl)phenyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridin-7-ylamino)phenol (LCB 03-0110), a thienopyridine derivative, as a potent inhibitor of discoidin domain receptor family tyrosine kinases and discovered that this compound strongly inhibits several tyrosine kinases, including the c-Src family, spleen tyrosine kinase, Brutons tyrosine kinase, and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2, which are important for immune cell signaling and inflammatory reactions. LCB 03-0110 suppressed the proliferation and migration of primary dermal fibroblasts induced by transforming growth factor ?1 and type I collagen, and this result correlated with the inhibition ability of the compound against enhanced expression of ?-smooth muscle actin and activation of Akt1 and focal adhesion kinase. In J774A.1 macrophage cells activated by lipopolysaccharide LCB 03-0110 inhibited cell migration and nitric oxide, inducible nitric-oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase 2, and tumor necrosis factor-? synthesis. LCB 03-0110 applied topically to full excisional wounds on rabbit ears suppressed the accumulation of myofibroblast and macrophage cells in the healing wound and reduced hypertrophic scar formation after wound closing, without delaying the wound closing process. Taken together, the pharmacological activities of LCB 03-0110 suggest that it could be an effective agent for suppressing fibroinflammation by simultaneously targeting activated fibroblasts and macrophages.
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What factors are influencing preferences toward conventional versus complementary and alternative medical clinic advertisements?
J Altern Complement Med
PUBLISHED: 10-06-2011
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The present study aimed to determine whether health service advertisements are perceived differently depending on advertising conventional or complementary and alternative medicine clinics.
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Red ginseng for type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
Chin J Integr Med
PUBLISHED: 06-07-2011
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Red ginseng (RG, Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) is one of the widely used herbs for treating type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). However, no systematic review of the effectiveness of RG for type 2 DM is available. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the current evidence for the effectiveness of RG in patients with type 2 DM.
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Acupuncture enhances the synaptic dopamine availability to improve motor function in a mouse model of Parkinsons disease.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 03-28-2011
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Parkinsons disease (PD) is caused by the selective loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra (SN) and the depletion of striatal dopamine (DA). Acupuncture, as an alternative therapy for PD, has beneficial effects in both PD patients and PD animal models, although the underlying mechanisms therein remain uncertain. The present study investigated whether acupuncture treatment affected dopamine neurotransmission in a PD mouse model using 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). We found that acupuncture treatment at acupoint GB34 improved motor function with accompanying dopaminergic neuron protection against MPTP but did not restore striatal dopamine depletion. Instead, acupuncture treatment increased dopamine release that in turn, may lead to the enhancement of dopamine availability in the synaptic cleft. Moreover, acupuncture treatment mitigated MPTP-induced abnormal postsynaptic changes, suggesting that acupuncture treatment may increase postsynaptic dopamine neurotransmission and facilitate the normalization of basal ganglia activity. These results suggest that the acupuncture-induced enhancement of synaptic dopamine availability may play a critical role in motor function improvement against MPTP.
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Acupuncture for Bells palsy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Chin J Integr Med
PUBLISHED: 02-14-2011
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To assess the clinical evidence for and against acupuncture as a treatment for Bells palsy.
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An acute cervical epidural hematoma as a complication of dry needling.
Spine
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2011
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A retrospective case report.
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Non-penetrating sham needle, is it an adequate sham control in acupuncture research?
Complement Ther Med
PUBLISHED: 11-27-2010
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This study aimed to determine whether a non-penetrating sham needle can serve as an adequate sham control.
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Acupuncture for carpal tunnel syndrome: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
J Pain
PUBLISHED: 07-06-2010
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Acupuncture is a widely used symptomatic treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence of the effectiveness of acupuncture and acupuncture-like treatments for CTS. Systematic searches were conducted on 11 electronic databases without language restrictions. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture as a treatment of CTS were included. Methodological quality was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Six RCTs met our inclusion criteria. Their methodological quality was generally low. Two RCTs compared the effectiveness of acupuncture with a sham control. The others used active controls. A meta-analysis of acupuncture versus steroid block therapy favored acupuncture (2 studies, n = 144; risk ratio, 1.28; 95% CI, 1.08 to 1.52; P = .005; heterogeneity, I(2) = 10%) in terms of responder rate. Our systematic review and meta-analysis demonstrate that the evidence for acupuncture as a symptomatic therapy of CTS is encouraging but not convincing. The total number of included RCTs and their methodological quality were low. Further rigorous studies are required to establish whether acupuncture has therapeutic value for this indication.
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Acupuncture for chronic low back pain: protocol for a multicenter, randomized, sham-controlled trial.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord
PUBLISHED: 04-12-2010
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Use of acupuncture has widely increased in patients with chronic low back pain. However, the evidence supporting its efficacy remains unclear. In this article, we report the design and the protocol of a multi-center randomized sham-controlled trial to treat chronic low back pain. Our goal is to verify the effect of acupuncture on chronic low back pain.
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Contralateral acupuncture versus ipsilateral acupuncture in the rehabilitation of post-stroke hemiplegic patients: a systematic review.
BMC Complement Altern Med
PUBLISHED: 03-28-2010
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Contralateral acupuncture (CAT) involves inserting needles in the meridian on the side opposite the disease location and is often used in post-stroke rehabilitation. The aim of this systematic review is to summarize and critically evaluate the evidence for and against the effectiveness of CAT for post-stroke rehabilitation as compared to ipsilateral acupuncture (IAT).
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Moxibustion for hypertension: a systematic review.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord
PUBLISHED: 03-27-2010
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Moxibustion is a traditional East Asian medical therapy that uses the heat generated by burning herbal preparations containing Artemisia vulgaris to stimulate acupuncture points. The aim of this review was to evaluate previously published clinical evidence for the use of moxibustion as a treatment for hypertension.
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Integrative package for low back pain with leg pain in Korea: a prospective cohort study.
Complement Ther Med
PUBLISHED: 02-23-2010
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Back pain significantly affects both patients and society through personal suffering, supporting burden, work loss, and incurred expenses. With no unequivocal support for surgery versus conservative treatment, an integrative approach has become popular in Korea.
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Acupuncture for lowering blood pressure: systematic review and meta-analysis.
Am. J. Hypertens.
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2009
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We conducted a systematic review to estimate the effect of acupuncture on blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive patients.
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Acacetin protects dopaminergic cells against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced neuroinflammation in vitro and in vivo.
Biol. Pharm. Bull.
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Acacetin (5,7-dihydroxy-4-methoxyflavone), a constituent of flavone naturally present in plants, has anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activities. Neuroinflammation is thought to be one of the major pathological mechanisms responsible for Parkinsons disease (PD), and has been a primary target in the development of treatment for PD. In the present study, we evaluated the neuroprotective effect of acacetin in PD induced by 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridine (MPP+)/or 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) and examined the related pathways in vitro and in vivo. In primary mesencephalic culture, acacetin protected dopaminergic (DA) cells and inhibited production of inflammatory factors such as nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2, and tumor necrosis factor-? against MPP+-induced toxicity in a dose-dependent manner. Then, we confirmed the effect of acacetin (10?mg/kg/d for 3?d, per os (p.o.)) in a mouse model of PD induced by MPTP (30?mg/kg/d for 5?d, intraperitoneally (i.p.)). In the behavioral test (pole test), the acacetin-treated mice showed decreased time of turning and locomotor activity, which were longer in MPTP-only treated mice. In addition, the acacetin-treated group inhibited degeneration of DA neurons and depletion of dopamine level induced by MPTP toxicity in the substantia nigra and striatum of the brain. Moreover, the acacetin-treated group inhibited microglia activation, accompanied by production of inducible nitric oxide synthases and cyclooxygenase-2. These results suggest that acacetin can protect DA neurons against the neurotoxicity involved in PD via its anti-inflammatory action.
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Angelicae Gigantis Radix regulates mast cell-mediated allergic inflammation in vivo and in vitro.
Food Chem. Toxicol.
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Angelicae Gigantis (AG) Radix, commonly used medicinal food, has been reported as a promising candidate for inflammatory diseases. However, the anti-allergic effects of AG and its molecular mechanisms have yet to be clarified. The present study investigated the anti-allergy effects of ethanol extracts of AG on mast cell-mediated allergic inflammation in vivo and in vitro. The finding of this study demonstrated that AG reduced anti-dinitrophenyl IgE antibody-induced passive cutaneous anaphylaxis, compound 48/80-induced histamine release, 2,4-dinitrofluoro benzene-induced contact hypersensitivity. In addition, AG inhibited the production of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and TNF-?, as well as the activation of Jun N-terminal kinase and nuclear factor-?B in phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate plus calcium ionophore A23187-stimulated human mast cells. In conclusion, our results provide a novel insight into the pharmacological actions of AG as a potential candidate for use in allergic inflammatory diseases.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.