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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Impact of dredged urban river sediment on a Saronikos Gulf dumping site (Eastern Mediterranean): sediment toxicity, contaminant levels, and biomarkers in caged mussels.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2014
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Impacts of chemical contaminants associated with dumping of dredged urban river sediments at a coastal disposal area in Saronikos Gulf (Eastern Mediterranean) were investigated through a combined approach of sediment toxicity testing and active biomonitoring with caged mussels. Chemical analyses of aliphatic hydrocarbons (AHs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), Cu, and Zn in combination with the solid phase Microtox® test were performed on sediments. Concentrations of PAHs, AHs, Cu, and Zn as well as multiple biomarkers of contaminant exposure and/or effects were measured in caged mussels. Sediments in the disposal and neighboring area showed elevated PAHs and AHs concentrations and were characterized as toxic by the solid-phase Microtox® test during and after dumping operations. Biomarker results in the caged mussels indicated sublethal effects mainly during dumping operations, concomitantly with high concentrations of PAHs and AHs in the caged mussel tissues. Cu and Zn concentrations in sediments and caged mussels were generally not elevated except for sediments at the site in the disposal area that received the major amount of dredges. High PAHs and AHs levels as well as sublethal effects in the caged mussels were not persistent after termination of operations. The combined bioassay-biomarker approach proved useful for detecting toxicological impacts of dredged river sediment disposal in sediments and the water column. Nevertheless, further research is needed to evaluate whether sediment toxicity will have long-term effects on benthic communities of the disposal area.
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Alterations in biomarkers of endothelial function following on-pump coronary artery revascularization.
J. Clin. Lab. Anal.
PUBLISHED: 11-20-2010
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Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been associated with activation and injury of endothelial cells, probably responsible for the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) taking place in these patients.
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Impact of obesity on outcome of patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting using aorta no-touch technique.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2010
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We prospectively examined 1359 adult patients undergoing isolated coronary revascularization with the Pi-circuit technique, consisting of beating heart, aorta no-touch, use of composite grafts, and off-pump arterial revascularization. Patients were divided into two groups based on body weight; Group A consisting of 295 (21.7%) obese patients [body mass index (BMI) > or =30 kg/m(2)] and Group B of 1064 (79.3%) non-obese patients (BMI <30 kg/m(2)). Advanced age and emergency surgery favored the non-obese group [63.0+/-10.4 vs. 65.3+/-9.6 years (P<0.0005) and 10.2% vs. 17.1% (P=0.004), with an increase in the number of octogenarians among them (1.7% Group A vs. 5.4% in Group B, P=0.11)]. The use of double internal mammary arteries (90.5% in Group A vs. 86.9% in Group B, P=0.109), the mean number of distal anastomoses (2.8+/-0.9 in Group A vs. 2.7+/-0.9 in Group B, P=0.5) and the number of sequential anastomoses performed (28.1% in Group A vs. 31% in Group B, P=0.3) were similar. No difference in morbidity rates was detected. All cause in-hospital mortality was comparable. Survival was similar in both groups also. Obesity is not a risk factor for morbidity and mortality in this group of patients.
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A multi-criteria approach for the dumping of dredged material in the Thermaikos Gulf, Northern Greece.
J. Environ. Manage.
PUBLISHED: 05-27-2010
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A multi-criteria approach was applied for the disposal into the sea of ?1,100,000 m(3) of sediment, dredged from a coastal area in the northeastern part of the Thermaikos Gulf. This sediment (classified as muddy) is distributed vertically into two distinct Layers (A and B) with the thickness of the surficial sedimentary unit ranging from 7 to 54 cm. Its geochemistry reveals increased Cr and Ni concentrations, which may be attributed to natural enrichment through the erosion of the adjacent igneous and metamorphic rocks. In addition, a low to moderate contamination from urban-originated heavy metals, like Cu, Pb and Zn as well as from aliphatic and polycyclic hydrocarbons was identified for the upper Layer A. However, the limited proportion (5.5%) of the polluted Layer A in the total volume of the dredged material could not affect the good quality (assessed by the Sediment Quality Guidelines) of the bulk sediment. The identification of the optimum marine dumping site was based on (a) the physicochemical similarity (detected by the application of a cluster analysis) of the dredged material with the surficial deposits of potential dumping sites in the Outer Thermaikos Gulf, and (b) the consideration, based on previous studies, of various criteria related to the disposal area such as deep-water circulation, influence on living resources, impact on economical (aquaculture, fishing, navigation), recreational (fishing) and military activities.
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Aorta no-touch off-pump coronary artery revascularization in octogenarians: 5 years experience.
Heart Surg Forum
PUBLISHED: 12-29-2009
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Approximately 18% of octogenarians have ischemic heart disease. Increasingly, they are being referred for coronary artery revascularization by surgical and/or percutaneous procedures. These strategies have been questioned, however, because of reports of poor outcomes in the elderly. In this study, we aimed to determine the impact of age on morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) with the pi-circuit procedure during 5 years of follow-up.
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Female risk using OPCAB, pi-circuit, and aorta no-touch coronary revascularization.
Heart Surg Forum
PUBLISHED: 12-29-2009
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In this study, we evaluated female sex as a risk factor in the off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB), aorta no-touch technique.
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Effect of [Fe(CN)6]4- substitutions on the spin-flop transition of a layered nickel phyllosilicate.
Langmuir
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A 3 to 1 Ni/Si antiferromagnetic layered phyllosilicate, Ni(3)Si(C(3)H(6)NH(3))F(0.65)O(1.9)(OH)(4.45)(CH(3)COO)(1.1)·xH(2)O, was modified with K(4)[Fe(CN)(6)]·3H(2)O. This compound retained its ordering as proved by X-ray diffraction, while infrared spectra revealed the presence of [Fe(CN)(6)](4-) groups and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showed that the latter partially substitute the acetate groups. Both the parent and the modified compound are canted antiferromagnets with an anisotropy perpendicular to the layers and show spin-flop transitions. For the parent compound, a single step spin-flop occurs at H = 24 kOe. The modified compound shows increased antiferromagnetic canting and a two-step transition (H(1) = 24 kOe, H(2) = 48 kOe). These results testify to the existence of competing interactions that depend sensitively on the grafted species.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.