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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Mutations in TRNT1 cause congenital sideroblastic anemia with immunodeficiency, fevers, and developmental delay (SIFD).
Blood
PUBLISHED: 09-05-2014
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Mutations in genes encoding proteins that are involved in mitochondrial heme synthesis, iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis, and mitochondrial protein synthesis have previously been implicated in the pathogenesis of the congenital sideroblastic anemias (CSAs). We recently described a syndromic form of CSA associated with B-cell immunodeficiency, periodic fevers, and developmental delay (SIFD). Here we demonstrate that SIFD is caused by biallelic mutations in TRNT1, the gene encoding the CCA-adding enzyme essential for maturation of both nuclear and mitochondrial transfer RNAs. Using budding yeast lacking the TRNT1 homolog, CCA1, we confirm that the patient-associated TRNT1 mutations result in partial loss of function of TRNT1 and lead to metabolic defects in both the mitochondria and cytosol, which can account for the phenotypic pleiotropy.
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Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in thalassemia major and sickle cell disease: indications and management recommendations from an international expert panel.
Haematologica
PUBLISHED: 05-03-2014
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Thalassemia major and sickle cell disease are the two most widely disseminated hereditary hemoglobinopathies in the world. The outlook for affected individuals has improved in recent years due to advances in medical management in the prevention and treatment of complications. However, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is still the only available curative option. The use of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been increasing, and outcomes today have substantially improved compared with the past three decades. Current experience world-wide is that more than 90% of patients now survive hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and disease-free survival is around 80%. However, only a few controlled trials have been reported, and decisions on patient selection for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and transplant management remain principally dependent on data from retrospective analyses and on the clinical experience of the transplant centers. This consensus document from the European Blood and Marrow Transplantation Inborn Error Working Party and the Paediatric Diseases Working Party aims to report new data and provide consensus-based recommendations on indications for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and transplant management.
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Peripheral blood cells chimerism after unrelated cord blood transplantation in children: kinetics, predictive factors and impact on post-transplant outcome.
Br. J. Haematol.
PUBLISHED: 01-16-2014
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This study aimed to describe kinetics of complete donor chimerism occurrence (cDC, >99·9% donor) after unrelated cord blood transplantation (UCBT), to identify its predictive factors and its impact on post-transplant outcome. Ninety-four children who received single UCBT after a myeloablative conditioning regimen had blood chimerism evaluation at predefined post-transplant dates, using a real-time polymerase chain reaction method with 0·1% sensitivity. Cumulative incidence of cDC at 1 year post-transplantation was 61·8%. Three predictive factors were identified in multivariate analysis: history of malignant disease (P = 0·03), older age (above 2·16 years, the first quartile of age, P = 0·0055) and higher level of cord/recipient human leucocyte antigen mismatch (4/6 vs. 5-6/6, P < 0·001) increased the probability of post-transplant cDC. Although graft cell dose had a strong impact on haematological recovery, it did not apparently influence cDC occurrence. Early cDC (i.e. more than 99·9% donor chimerism on days 15-30 post-transplant) appeared useful to predict engraftment (P = 0·003) as well as acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). Severe acute or chronic GvHD never occurred in patients with DC ?99·9%, suggesting than even minimal residual host haematopoiesis is associated with a very low risk of GvHD after UCBT.
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Marseillevirus prevalence in multitransfused patients suggests blood transmission.
J. Clin. Virol.
PUBLISHED: 08-02-2013
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Emerging viral infections in humans are appearing at an increasing rate. Recently, we identified a new Marseillevirus, named Giant Blood Marseillevirus (GBM), by performing viral metagenomics on asymptomatic blood donors.
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A novel syndrome of congenital sideroblastic anemia, B-cell immunodeficiency, periodic fevers, and developmental delay (SIFD).
Blood
PUBLISHED: 04-03-2013
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Congenital sideroblastic anemias (CSAs) are a heterogeneous group of inherited disorders identified by pathological erythroid precursors with perinuclear mitochondrial iron deposition in bone marrow. An international collaborative group of physicians and laboratory scientists collated clinical information on cases of CSA lacking known causative mutations, identifying a clinical subgroup of CSA associated with B immunodeficiency, periodic fevers, and development delay. Twelve cases from 10 families were identified. Median age at presentation was 2 months. Anemia at diagnosis was sideroblastic, typically severe (median hemoglobin, 7.1 g/dL) and markedly microcytic (median mean corpuscular volume, 62.0 fL). Clinical course involved recurrent febrile illness and gastrointestinal disturbance, lacking an infective cause. Investigation revealed B-cell lymphopenia (CD19? range, 0.016-0.22 × 10?/L) and panhypogammaglobulinemia in most cases. Children displayed developmental delay alongside variable neurodegeneration, seizures, cerebellar abnormalities, sensorineural deafness, and other multisystem features. Most required regular blood transfusion, iron chelation, and intravenous immunoglobulin replacement. Median survival was 48 months, with 7 deaths caused by cardiac or multiorgan failure. One child underwent bone marrow transplantation aged 9 months, with apparent cure of the hematologic and immunologic manifestations. We describe and define a novel CSA and B-cell immunodeficiency syndrome with additional features resembling a mitochondrial cytopathy. The molecular etiology is under investigation.
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Variants in genetic modifiers of ?-thalassemia can help to predict the major or intermedia type of the disease.
Haematologica
PUBLISHED: 07-26-2011
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A cohort of 106 patients included in the French National Registry for Thalassemia were genotyped for 5 genetic modifiers of severity: i) ?-thalassemia mutations; (ii) the XmnI SNP; (iii) the -3.7 kb ?-thal deletion; (iv) the tag-SNP rs 11886868 in BCL11A exon 2; and (v) the tag-SNP rs9399137 in the HBSB1L-cMYB inter-region. Multivariate analysis was performed to study the risk of thalassemia Intermedia phenotype associated with the different combinations of alleles. The presence or absence of the favorable alleles could accurately predict the type of thalassemia in 83.2% of the cases. The percentage of correct predictions made from the ?-thalassemia mutations and the XmnI SNP alone were significantly improved by the adjustment with the 3 other modifiers; from 73.6% to 83.2% (P<0.001). In this study, we showed that predictions based on genetic modifiers can foresee the Major or Intermedia type of ?-thalassemia, even in cohorts of patients with various ?-globin genotypes.
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Prevalence and risk factors of the metabolic syndrome in adult survivors of childhood leukemia.
Blood
PUBLISHED: 01-28-2011
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We evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of the metabolic syndrome (MS) in young adults surviving childhood leukemia. During the years 2007 to 2008, assessment of MS was proposed to all adults included in the Leucémie de lEnfant et de lAdolescent program, a French prospective multicentric cohort of leukemia survivors. Among 220 eligible patients, 184 (83.6%) had complete evaluation. Median age at evaluation and follow-up duration were 21.2 and 15.4 years. Overall prevalence of MS was 9.2% (95% confidence interval, 5.5-14.4). There was no association of MS with sex, age at diagnosis, leukemia subtype, steroid therapy, and central nervous system irradiation. Patients were stratified according to 4 therapeutic modalities: chemotherapy alone (n = 97), chemotherapy and central nervous system irradiation (n = 27), hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) without (n = 17) or with (n = 43) total body irradiation (TBI). MS occurred in 5.2%, 11.1%, 5.9%, and 18.6% of them, respectively. The higher risk observed in the HSCT-TBI group was significant in univariate and in multivariate analysis (odds ratio [OR] = 3.9, P = .03). HSCT with TBI was associated with a higher rate of hypertriglyceridemia (OR = 4.5, P = .004), low level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (OR = 2.5, P = .02), and elevated fasting glucose (OR = 6.1, P = .04) So, TBI is a major risk factor for MS. Further studies are warranted to explain this feature.
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Neonatal screening for sickle cell disease in France: evaluation of the selective process.
J. Clin. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 05-26-2010
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The French national programme for neonatal screening of sickle cell disease is applied to newborns at risk, defined as those born to parents originating from sub-Saharan Africa, the Mediterranean area, the Arabic peninsula, the French overseas islands and the Indian subcontinent. The selection is performed by the nurse in charge of blood sampling by interviewing the mother about the familys geographical origins. The mean rate of testing in France is 25%, ranging from 2% to 50% depending on the region. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of selection during this screening programme.
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Impact of viable CD45 cells infused on lymphocyte subset recovery after unrelated cord blood transplantation in children.
Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
PUBLISHED: 03-07-2010
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We studied lymphocyte recovery in 88 children who consecutively underwent unrelated cord blood transplantation for malignant (n = 64) or nonmalignant (n = 24) diseases. All children but 3 received myeloablative conditioning regimens with pretransplant antithymocyte globulin. Median age was 5.6 years (0.1-18 years) and median follow-up was 40 months (10-136 months). The median dose of infused viable CD45(+) cells (vCD45) was 3.35 × 10(7)/kg with a ratio infused vCD45/collected total nucleated cell at 0.46. Immunologic endpoints were: time to achieve CD3(+) >500 and 1500/mm(3), CD4(+) >500/mm(3), CD8(+) >250/mm(3), CD19(+) >200/mm(3), natural killer >100/mm(3). These endpoints were analyzed through the use of cumulative curves for estimating incidence over time in the context of competing risks, and through Fine and Gray models to assess prognostic factors. The median time to reach these endpoints was 33, 97, 214, and 340 days for natural killer, B, CD8, and CD4 cells, respectively. In multivariate analysis, a high infused vCD45 cell dose improved CD3 (P = .014) and CD4 (P = .032) reconstitutions. A young recipient age also favored CD3 recovery (P = .013). With patients grouped according to vCD45 cell dose quartiles, the threshold for a better recovery was 3.35 × 10(7)/kg. Considering the ratio vCD45/TNC, this "immune recovery based" threshold corresponds to a higher cell dose than the minimum usually recommended dose for myelogenous engraftment. This may have important implication for UCB selection.
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Complications and treatment of patients with ?-thalassemia in France: results of the National Registry.
Haematologica
PUBLISHED: 12-08-2009
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beta-thalassemia is a rare disease in France, encountered mainly in patients originating from Italy and North Africa. In the setting of the recent French plan for rare diseases, a National Registry for thalassemia has been developed since 2005. Epidemiological and clinical data have been collected on living patients with beta-thalassemia major or intermedia, including those who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
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Socio-psychological impact of infused iron chelation therapy with deferoxamine in metropolitan France: ISOSFER study results.
Hematology
PUBLISHED: 11-28-2009
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Deferoxamine (DFO) is an iron chelator used to treat iron overload in patients receiving chronic blood transfusions, and is usually administered as overnight subcutaneous infusions. ISOSFER was a prospective, observational, cross-sectional study conducted in metropolitan France that evaluated patient characteristics, quality of life (QoL), compliance and patient satisfaction with DFO monotherapy. Of 70 patients with either thalassemia, sickle cell disease or myelodysplastic syndromes, 30% were satisfied or very satisfied with DFO. Patients SF-36 scores were lower than those of the general French population, and lower among patients with comorbidities and those dissatisfied with treatment. Although 72% of patients had good compliance to DFO, 57% reported missing at least one infusion in the previous month, and 82% of patients expressed a preference for oral therapy. These results suggest that QoL is severely compromised in patients receiving DFO, and that compliance is not optimal.
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Raltegravir, etravirine and r-darunavir combination in adolescents with multidrug-resistant virus.
AIDS
PUBLISHED: 10-14-2009
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Twelve heavily pretreated, perinatally infected adolescents in virological failure were treated with a combination of raltegravir, r-darunavir and etravirine, as part of an expanded access program in France. After a 12-month median follow-up, viral load was <400 copies/ml in 11 (<50 in six). No grade > 2 side effects were recorded. Additional data and marketing authorizations are awaited, but preliminary results in adolescents with extensive multidrug resistant virus are encouraging.
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Post-transfusional iron overload in the haemoglobinopathies.
C. R. Biol.
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In this report, we review the recent advances in evaluation and treatment of transfusional iron overload (IO). Results of the French thalassaemia registry are described. According to the disease, thalassaemia major or sickle cell anaemia, mechanisms and toxicity of iron overload, knowledge about IO long-term outcome and chelation treatment results, respective value of IO markers, differ. The recent tools evaluating organ specific IO and the diversification of iron chelator agents make possible to individualize chelation therapy in clinical practice. The severity of IO and the level of transfusional iron intake, the preferential localization of IO (heart/liver) as well as the tolerance and adherence profiles of the patient can now be taken into account. Introduction of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging for the quantification of myocardial iron and use of oral chelators have already been reported as decreasing the cardiac mortality rate related to IO in thalassaemia major patients. Long-term observation of patients under oral chelators will show if morbidity is also improving via a more continuous control of toxic iron and/or a better accessibility to cellular iron pools.
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French multicenter 22-year experience in stem cell transplantation for beta-thalassemia major: lessons and future directions.
Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
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Although hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) offers curative potential for beta-thalassemia major (beta-TM), it is associated with a variable but significant incidence of graft rejection. We studied the French national experience for improvement over time and the potential benefit of antithymocyte globulin (ATG). Between December 1985 and December 2007, 108 patients with beta-TM underwent HSCT in 21 different French transplantation centers. The majority of patients received a matched sibling transplant (n = 96) and a busulfan- and cyclophosphamide-based conditioning regimen (n = 95), also with ATG in 57 cases. Ninety-five of the 108 patients survived, with a median follow-up of 12 years. Probabilities of 15-year survival and thalassemia-free survival after first HSCT were 86.8% and 69.4%, respectively. Graft failure occurred in 24 patients, 11 of whom underwent a second HSCT. The use of ATG was associated with a decrease in rejection rate from 35% to 10%. Thalassemia-free survival improved significantly with time, reaching 83% in the 54 patients undergoing HSCT after 1994 (median time of HSCT). In view of the increased risk of graft rejection after matched sibling HSCT, current French national guidelines recommend, for all children at risk for beta-TM, the systematic addition of ATG to the myeloablative conditioning regimen and special attention to optimize transfusion and chelation therapy in the pretransplantation period.
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Rare duplication or deletion of exons 6, 7 and 8 in CYBB leading to X-linked chronic granulomatous disease in two patients from different families.
J. Clin. Immunol.
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Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare congenital disorder in which phagocytes cannot generate superoxide (O(2)(-)) and other microbicidal oxidants due to mutations in one of the five components of the O(2)(-)-generating NADPH oxidase complex. The most common form is caused by mutations in CYBB on the X chromosome, encoding gp91phox, the enzymatic subunit of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase. Here, we report two rare cases of male X-linked CGD patients, one caused by a 5.7-kb duplication of a region containing CYBB exons 6 to 8 and the other caused by a deletion of this same region. We found both the duplication in patient 1 and the deletion in patient 2 to be bordered by a GT repeat. Indeed, in control DNA, the 3 part of CYBB intron 5 contains a GT repeat and the 5 part of intron 8 also contains such a repeat. Duplication of exons 6, 7 and 8 in patient 1 was probably caused by a non-homologous crossing over between the two GT repeats. The deletion found in patient 2 probably arose from a similar misalignment. The results found in these patients were confirmed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. The clinical profile of XCGD is severe in both patients.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.