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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
The body composition and excretory burden of lean, obese, and severely obese individuals has implications for the assessment of chronic kidney disease.
Kidney Int.
PUBLISHED: 02-17-2014
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Obesity could affect associations between creatinine generation, estimated body surface area, and excretory burden, with effects on chronic kidney disease assessment. We therefore examined the impact of obesity on the performances of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), the urine albumin:creatinine ratio (ACR), and excretory burden in 3611 participants of the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort. Urine creatinine excretion significantly increased with body mass index (BMI) (34 and 31% greater at 40?kg/m(2) or more versus the normal of 18.5-25?kg/m(2)) in men and women, respectively, such that patients with a normal BMI and an ACR of 30?mg/g had the same 24-h albuminuria as severely obese patients with ACR 23?mg/g. The bias of eGFR (referenced to body surface area-indexed iothalamate (i-)GFR) had a U-shaped relationship to obesity in men but progressively increased in women. Nevertheless, obesity-associated body surface area increases were accompanied by a greater absolute (non-indexed) iGFR for a given eGFR, particularly in men. Two men with eGFRs of 45?ml/min per 1.73?m(2), height 1.76?m, and BMI 22 or 45?kg/m(2) had absolute iGFRs of 46 and 62?ml/min, respectively. The excretory burden, assessed as urine urea nitrogen and estimated dietary phosphorus, sodium, and potassium intakes, also increased in obesity. However, obese men had lower odds of anemia, hyperkalemia, and hyperphosphatemia. Thus, for a given ACR and eGFR, obese individuals have greater albuminuria, absolute GFR, and excretory burden. This has implications for chronic kidney disease management, screening, and research.Kidney International advance online publication, 9 April 2014; doi:10.1038/ki.2014.112.
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Bone mineral metabolism parameters and urinary albumin excretion in a representative US population sample.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Even within accepted normal ranges, higher serum phosphorus, dietary phosphorus density, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) are independent predictors of cardiovascular mortality. Lower serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) also predicts adverse cardiovascular outcomes. We hypothesized that vascular dysfunction accompanying subtle disturbances of these bone metabolism parameters would result in associations with increased low grade albuminuria.
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Differential scaling of glomerular filtration rate and ingested metabolic burden: implications for gender differences in chronic kidney disease outcomes.
Nephrol. Dial. Transplant.
PUBLISHED: 11-13-2013
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Men commence dialysis with a higher estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) than women and are more likely to transition from chronic kidney disease (CKD) to end-stage renal disease. We hypothesized that for a given estimated body surface area (BSA) men have a greater metabolic burden, and that consequently, the practice of indexing GFR to BSA results in gender differences in the degree of biochemical uraemia.
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Variation in centre-specific survival in patients starting renal replacement therapy in England is explained by enhanced comorbidity information from hospitalization data.
Nephrol. Dial. Transplant.
PUBLISHED: 09-19-2013
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Unadjusted survival on renal replacement therapy (RRT) varies widely from centre to centre in England. Until now, missing data on case mix have made it impossible to determine whether this variation reflects genuine differences in the quality of care. Data linkage has the capacity to reduce missing data.
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Estimated Albumin Excretion Rate Versus Urine Albumin-Creatinine Ratio for the Estimation of Measured Albumin Excretion Rate: Derivation and Validation of an Estimated Albumin Excretion Rate Equation.
Am. J. Kidney Dis.
PUBLISHED: 04-17-2013
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Glomerular filtration rate estimation equations use demographic variables to account for predicted differences in creatinine generation rate. In contrast, assessment of albuminuria from urine albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) does not account for these demographic variables, potentially distorting albuminuria prevalence estimates and clinical decision making.
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Did hospital mortality in England change from 2005 to 2010? A retrospective cohort analysis.
BMC Health Serv Res
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2013
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BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that hospital performance in England measured by the Dr Foster Hospital Standardised Mortality Ratio (HSMR) has improved substantially over the last 10 years. This study explores mortality in-hospital and up to 30 days post-discharge over a five year period to determine whether there have been improvements in case-mix adjusted mortality, to examine if any changes are due to changes in case-mix adjustment variables such as age, sex, method of admission and comorbidity, and to compare changes between hospital trusts. METHODS: Using Hospital Episode Statistics linked to mortality data from the Office for National Statistics the Summary Hospital-Level Mortality Index (SHMI) was calculated for all patients who were discharged or died in general acute hospital trusts in England for the period 01/04/2005 to 30/09/2010. RESULTS: During this five year period the number of admissions rose by 8% but deaths fell by 5%. The SHMI fell by 24% from 112 to 85 over the period, partly due to fewer deaths but partly due to increasing numbers predicted by the SHMI model. Excluding comorbidities from the model the SHMI fell by 18% from 108 to 89 over this period. The reduction was similar in emergency and elective admissions and in all other sub-groups examined. The average quarterly change in SHMI varied considerably between trusts (range: -4.4 to -0.2). CONCLUSIONS: As measured by the SHMI there has been a 24% improvement in mortality in acute general trusts in England over a period of five and a half years. Part of this improvement is an artificial effect caused by changes in the depth of coding of comorbidities and other effects due to change in case-mix or non-constant risk.
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Natural history of proteinuria in renal transplant recipients developing de novo human leukocyte antigen antibodies.
Transplantation
PUBLISHED: 04-27-2011
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The relationship between humoral rejection and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies is established. Proteinuria is the hallmark of glomerular injury. The relationship between HLA antibody and proteinuria was explored in renal transplant recipients developing de novo donor-specific antibodies (DSA) and nondonor-specific antibodies (NDSA).
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Post-parathyroidectomy parathyroid hormone levels: the impact on patient survival - a single-centre study in a stage 5 chronic kidney disease population.
Nephron Clin Pract
PUBLISHED: 02-16-2011
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Both severe, uncontrolled and low parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels are associated with adverse outcomes in stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients; however, the impact of iPTH levels following parathyroidectomy (PTX) is unexplored.
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Transplant glomerulopathy: morphology, associations and mechanism.
Nephron Clin Pract
PUBLISHED: 07-10-2009
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Transplant glomerulopathy (TG) is a lesion with specific morphology and strong evidence of an immune mechanism. The incidence of TG is approximately 20% by 5 years after transplantation. TG is characterized by proteinuria, hypertension and declining graft function. Appearances on light microscopy include thickened capillary walls and double contours, with reduplication or lamination of the glomerular basement membrane on electron microscopy. TG is associated with acute rejection, the antibody status before transplantation and de novo HLA antibodies. HLA class II and/or donor-specific antibodies incur additional risks. Desensitization protocols do not always prevent the development of TG in highly sensitized individuals. Associations between TG, past or current C4d and the presence of alloantibodies are recognised, however, C4d in the peri-tubular capillaries or glomeruli is not a prerequisite at the time of diagnosis. Clinical observation and animal models suggest that TG arises as a consequence of chronic endothelial cell (EC) injury by the humoral arm of the immune system. In some cases, this follows a period of EC accommodation after an episode of acute injury. Proposed treatments include augmentation of background immunosuppression, and trials of monoclonal therapies targeted at CD20-positive B cells are underway.
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Chapter 13 The linkage of incident renal replacement therapy patients in England (2002-2006) to hospital episodes and national mortality data: improved demography and hospitalisation data in patients undergoing renal replacement therapy.
Nephron Clin Pract
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Missing data has hampered the comprehensive and inclusive reporting of adjusted outcomes for patients on renal replacement therapy (RRT) captured by the UK Renal Registry (UKRR). Furthermore the information collected by the UKRR does not currently include morbidity after starting RRT, details on hospital admission rates or location of death. Linking datasets offers the opportunity to enhance existing data and describe new measures of centre performance.
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Developing a summary hospital mortality index: retrospective analysis in English hospitals over five years.
BMJ
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To develop a transparent and reproducible measure for hospitals that can indicate when deaths in hospital or within 30 days of discharge are high relative to other hospitals, given the characteristics of the patients in that hospital, and to investigate those factors that have the greatest effect in changing the rank of a hospital, whether interactions exist between those factors, and the stability of the measure over time.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.