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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Targeting a c-MYC G-quadruplex DNA with a fragment library.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2014
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We report here on the screening of a fragment library against a G-quadruplex element in the human c-MYC promoter. The ten fragment hits had significant concordance between a biophysical assay, in silico modelling and c-MYC expression inhibition, highlighting the feasibility of applying a fragment-based approach to the targeting of a quadruplex nucleic acid.
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Small-molecule G-quadruplex interactions: Systematic exploration of conformational space using multiple molecular dynamics.
Biopolymers
PUBLISHED: 05-14-2013
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G-quadruplexes are higher-order four-stranded structures formed from repetitive guanine-containing tracts in nucleic acids. They comprise a core of stacked guanine-quartets linked by loops of length and sequence that vary with the context in which the quadruplex sequence occurs. Such sequences can be found in a number of genomic environments; at the telomeric ends of eukaryotic chromosomes, in promoter regions, in untranslated sequences and in open reading frames. Quadruplex formation can inhibit telomere maintenance, transcription and translation, especially when enhanced by quadruplex-binding small molecules, and quadruplex targeting is currently of considerable interest. The available experimental structural data shows that quadruplexes can have high conformational flexibility, especially in loop regions, which has hampered attempts to use high-throughput docking to find quadruplex-binding small-molecules with new scaffolds or to optimize existing ones with structure-based design methods. An approach to overcome the challenge of quadruplex conformational flexibility is presented here, which uses a combined multiple molecular dynamics and sampling approach. Two test small molecules have been used, RHPS4 and pyridostatin, which themselves have contrasting degrees of conformational flexibility. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Biopolymers 99: 989-1005, 2013.
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The influence of positional isomerism on G-quadruplex binding and anti-proliferative activity of tetra-substituted naphthalene diimide compounds.
Bioorg. Med. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2013
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The synthesis together with biophysical and biological evaluation of a series of tetra-substituted naphthalene diimide (ND) compounds, are presented. These compounds are positional isomers of a recently-described series of quadruplex-binding ND derivatives, in which the two N-methyl-piperidine-alkyl side-chains have now been interchanged with the positions of side-chains bearing a range of end-groups. Molecular dynamics simulations of a pair of positional isomers are in accord with the quadruplex stabilization and biological data for these compounds. Analysis of structure-activity data indicates that for compounds where the side-chains are not of equivalent length then the positional isomers described here tend to have improved cell proliferation potency and in some instances, superior quadruplex stabilization ability.
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Investigation of the protein alkylation sites of the STAT3:STAT3 inhibitor Stattic by mass spectrometry.
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2013
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STAT3 (Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription factor 3) is constitutively active in a wide range of human tumours. Stattic is one of the first non-peptidic small molecules reported to inhibit formation of the STAT3:STAT3 protein dimer complex. A mass spectrometry method has been developed to investigate the binding of Stattic to the un-phosphorylated STAT3?tc (U-STAT3) protein. Alkylation of four cysteine residues has been observed with possible reaction at a fifth which could account for the mechanism of action.
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Observation of unphosphorylated STAT3 core protein binding to target dsDNA by PEMSA and X-ray crystallography.
FEBS Lett.
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2013
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The STAT3 transcription factor plays a central role in a wide range of cancer types where it is over-expressed. Previously, phosphorylation of this protein was thought to be a prerequisite for direct binding to DNA. However, we have now shown complete binding of a purified unphosphorylated STAT3 (uSTAT3) core directly to M67 DNA, the high affinity STAT3 target DNA sequence, by a protein electrophoretic mobility shift assay (PEMSA). Binding to M67 DNA was inhibited by addition of increasing concentrations of a phosphotyrosyl peptide. X-ray crystallography demonstrates one mode of binding that is similar to that known for the STAT3 core phosphorylated at Y705.
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The prenylated dioxopiperazine alkaloid Cristatin A has selective telomeric DNA G-quadruplex stabilising properties.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
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Cristatin A (1a/b), a prenylated dioxopiperazine alkaloid, has been shown to bind selectively to telomeric quadruplex DNA using a FRET-based DNA melting assay. Crucially, the molecule is more drug-like than most previously identified quadruplex-binding agents, and provides a unique chemical scaffold for future chemical biology and drug discovery studies.
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Molecular dynamics studies of the STAT3 homodimer:DNA complex: relationships between STAT3 mutations and protein-DNA recognition.
J Chem Inf Model
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Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription (STAT) proteins are a group of latent cytoplasmic transcription factors involved in cytokine signaling. STAT3 is a member of the STAT family and is expressed at elevated levels in a large number of diverse human cancers and is now a validated target for anticancer drug discovery.. Understanding the dynamics of the STAT3 dimer interface, accounting for both protein-DNA and protein-protein interactions, with respect to the dynamics of the latent unphosphorylated STAT3 monomer, is important for designing potential small-molecule inhibitors of the activated dimer. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations have been used to study the activated STAT3 homodimer:DNA complex and the latent unphosphorylated STAT3 monomer in an explicit water environment. Analysis of the data obtained from MD simulations over a 50 ns time frame has suggested how the transcription factor interacts with DNA, the nature of the conformational changes, and ways in which function may be affected. Examination of the dimer interface, focusing on the protein-DNA interactions, including involvement of water molecules, has revealed the key residues contributing to the recognition events involved in STAT3 protein-DNA interactions. This has shown that the majority of mutations in the DNA-binding domain are found at the protein-DNA interface. These mutations have been mapped in detail and related to specific protein-DNA contacts. Their structural stability is described, together with an analysis of the model as a starting-point for the discovery of novel small-molecule STAT3 inhibitors.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.