JoVE Visualize What is visualize?
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Advanced Search
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Regular Search
Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
The future of decision-making in critical care after Cuthbertson v. Rasouli.
Can J Anaesth
PUBLISHED: 08-28-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The Supreme Court of Canada (SCC) ruling on Cuthbertson v. Rasouli has implications for all acute healthcare providers. This well-publicized case involved a disagreement between healthcare providers and a patient's family regarding the principles surrounding withdrawal of life support, which the physicians involved considered no longer of medical benefit and outside the standard of care, and whether consent was required for such withdrawals. Our objective in writing this article is to clarify the implications of this ruling on the care of critically ill patients.
Related JoVE Video
Ventilation practices in subarachnoid hemorrhage: a cohort study exploring the use of lung protective ventilation.
Neurocrit Care
PUBLISHED: 07-16-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is common following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), but the influence of mechanical ventilator settings on its development is unclear. We sought to determine adherence to lung protective thresholds in ventilated patients with SAH and describe the association between ventilator settings and subsequent development of ARDS.
Related JoVE Video
Critical events during land-based interfacility transport.
Ann Emerg Med
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The risks associated with urgent land-based transport of critically ill patients are not well known and have important implications for patient safety, care delivery, and policy development. We seek to determine the incidence of in-transit critical events and associated patient- and transport-level factors.
Related JoVE Video
Co-treatment of mouse antral follicles with 17?-estradiol interferes with mono-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (MEHP)-induced atresia and altered apoptosis gene expression.
Reprod. Toxicol.
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Mono-2-ethyhexyl phthalate (MEHP) is a metabolite of a plasticizer found in many consumer products. MEHP inhibits mouse ovarian follicle growth by reducing 17?-estradiol (E2) production. Yet, whether MEHP causes follicle death (atresia) is unclear. We hypothesized that MEHP causes atresia by altering apoptosis gene expression, and that E2 co-treatment blocks these effects. Follicles were exposed to MEHP (0.36-36?M)±E2 for 48-96h to determine the effect of MEHP±E2 on atresia and gene expression. MEHP increased atresia, but this effect was blocked by co-treatment with E2. MEHP increased the expression of the pro-apoptotic gene Aifm1, but decreased that of the pro-apoptotic gene Bok and the anti-apoptotic gene Bcl2l10. E2 interfered with MEHP-induced changes in Aifm1 and Bcl2l10. Our findings suggest that decreased E2 levels are required for MEHP-induced follicle atresia and that Aifm1, Bok, and Bcl2l10 are involved in this process.
Related JoVE Video
Pro/con debate: Should PaCO2 be tightly controlled in all patients with acute brain injuries?
Crit Care
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
ABSTRACT: You are the attending intensivist in a neurointensive care unit caring for a woman five days post-rupture of a cerebral aneurysm (World Federation of Neurological Surgeons Grade 4 and Fisher Grade 3). She is intubated for airway protection and mild hypoxemia related to an aspiration event at the time of aneurysm rupture, but is breathing spontaneously on the ventilator. Your patient is spontaneously hyperventilating with high tidal volumes despite minimal support and has developed significant hypocapnia. She has not yet developed the acute respiratory distress syndrome. You debate whether to tightly control her partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide, weighing the known risks of acute hypocapnia in other forms of brain injury against the potential loss of clinical neuromonitoring associated with deep sedation and neuromuscular blockade in this patient who is at high risk of delayed ischemia from vasospasm. You are also aware of the potential implications of tidal volume control if this patient were to develop the acute respiratory distress syndrome and the effect of permissive hypercapnia on her intracranial pressure. In this paper we provide a detailed and balanced examination of the issues pertaining to this clinical scenario, including suggestions for clinical management of ventilation, sedation and neuromonitoring. Until more definitive clinical trial evidence is available to guide practice, clinicians are forced to carefully weigh the potential benefits of tight carbon dioxide control against the potential risks in each individual patient based on the clinical issues at hand.
Related JoVE Video
Hypocapnia in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: incidence and association with poor clinical outcomes.
J Neurosurg Anesthesiol
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The impact of hypocapnia on outcome in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is unclear, although hypocapnia is associated with poor outcome in other brain injuries. We sought to determine the incidence and impact of hypocapnia in mechanically ventilated patients with aneurysmal SAH.
Related JoVE Video
Bisphenol A impairs follicle growth, inhibits steroidogenesis, and downregulates rate-limiting enzymes in the estradiol biosynthesis pathway.
Toxicol. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 10-18-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Bisphenol A (BPA) is used as the backbone for plastics and epoxy resins, including various food and beverage containers. BPA has also been detected in 95% of random urine samples and ovarian follicular fluid of adult women. Few studies have investigated the effects of BPA on antral follicles, the main producers of sex steroid hormones and the only follicles capable of ovulation. Thus, this study tested the hypothesis that postnatal BPA exposure inhibits antral follicle growth and steroidogenesis. To test this hypothesis, antral follicles isolated from 32-day-old FVB mice were cultured with vehicle control (dimethyl sulfoxide [DMSO]), BPA (4.4-440 ?M), pregnenolone (10 ?g/ml), pregnenolone + BPA 44 ?M, and pregnenolone + BPA 440 ?M. During the culture, follicles were measured for growth daily. After the culture, media was subjected to ELISA for hormones in the estradiol biosynthesis pathway, and follicles were processed for quantitative real-time PCR of steroidogenic enzymes. The results indicate that BPA (440 ?M) inhibits follicle growth and that pregnenolone cotreatment was unable to restore/maintain growth. Furthermore, BPA 44 and 440 ?M inhibit progesterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, androstenedione, estrone, testosterone, and estradiol production. Pregnenolone cotreatment was able to increase production of pregnenolone, progesterone, and dehydroepiandrosterone and maintain androstenedione and estrone levels in BPA-treated follicles compared with DMSO controls but was unable to protect testosterone or estradiol levels. Furthermore, pregnenolone was unable to protect follicles from BPA-(44-440 ?M) induced inhibition of steroidogenic enzymes compared with the DMSO control. Collectively, these data show that BPA targets the estradiol biosynthesis pathway in the ovary.
Related JoVE Video
Pre-hospital care management of a potential spinal cord injured patient: a systematic review of the literature and evidence-based guidelines.
J. Neurotrauma
PUBLISHED: 06-16-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
An interdisciplinary expert panel of medical and surgical specialists involved in the management of patients with potential spinal cord injuries (SCI) was assembled. Four key questions were created that were of significant interest. These were: (1) what is the optimal type and duration of pre-hospital spinal immobilization in patients with acute SCI?; (2) during airway manipulation in the pre-hospital setting, what is the ideal method of spinal immobilization?; (3) what is the impact of pre-hospital transport time to definitive care on the outcomes of patients with acute spinal cord injury?; and (4) what is the role of pre-hospital care providers in cervical spine clearance and immobilization? A systematic review utilizing multiple databases was performed to determine the current evidence about the specific questions, and each article was independently reviewed and assessed by two reviewers based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Guidelines were then created related to the questions by a national Canadian expert panel using the Delphi method for reviewing the evidence-based guidelines about each question. Recommendations about the key questions included: the pre-hospital immobilization of patients using a cervical collar, head immobilization, and a spinal board; utilization of padded boards or inflatable bean bag boards to reduce pressure; transfer of patients off of spine boards as soon as feasible, including transfer of patients off spinal boards while awaiting transfer from one hospital institution to another hospital center for definitive care; inclusion of manual in-line cervical spine traction for airway management in patients requiring intubation in the pre-hospital setting; transport of patients with acute traumatic SCI to the definitive hospital center for care within 24?h of injury; and training of emergency medical personnel in the pre-hospital setting to apply criteria to clear patients of cervical spinal injuries, and immobilize patients suspected of having cervical spinal injury.
Related JoVE Video
Methodology of systematic reviews and recommendations.
J. Neurotrauma
PUBLISHED: 04-07-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Although research in the field of spinal cord injury (SCI) is a relatively new endeavor, a remarkable number of papers focused on this subspecialty have been published in a broad variety of journals over the last two decades. A multidisciplinary group of experts, including clinical epidemiologists, neurosurgical and orthopedic spine surgeons, basic scientists, rehabilitation specialists, intensivists, and allied health professionals (nursing and physical therapy) was assembled through the Spinal Cord Injury Solutions Network to summarize the existing literature focusing on 12 key topics related to acute traumatic SCI, which have not been recently reviewed. The objective was to develop evidence-based recommendations to help translate current science into clinical practice and to identify new directions for research. For each topic one to three specific questions were formulated by consensus through the expert panel. A systematic review of the literature was performed to determine the current evidence for the specific questions. A primary literature search was performed using MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases. A secondary search strategy incorporated additional articles referenced in significant publications (i.e., meta-analysis, systematic and nonsystematic review articles). Two reviewers independently reviewed the titles and abstracts yielded by this comprehensive search and subsequently selected articles based on the predetermined inclusion and inclusion criteria. Data were extracted for population into evidentiary tables. Selected articles were rated for level of evidence and methodological quality, information that was also included in evidentiary tables. Disagreements were resolved by a third reviewer or consensus-based discussion. Based on the evidence compiled, answers to the targeted questions were formulated and recommendations generated by consensus-based discussion and anonymized voting using Delphi methodology. A level of consensus of 80% or higher was considered to represent strong agreement.
Related JoVE Video
Pro/con debate: do the benefits of regionalized critical care delivery outweigh the risks of interfacility patient transport?
Crit Care
PUBLISHED: 08-10-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
You are providing input in planning for critical care services to a large regional health authority. You are considering concentrating some critical care services into high-volume regional centres of excellence, as has been done in other fields of medicine. In your region, this would require several centres with differing levels of expertise that are geographically separated. Given there are inherent risks and time delays associated with interfacility patient transport, you debate whether these potential risks outweigh the benefits of regional centres of excellence.
Related JoVE Video
Ventilation practices and critical events during transport of ventilated patients outside of hospital: a retrospective cohort study.
Prehosp Emerg Care
PUBLISHED: 06-06-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Little is known about mechanical ventilation practices during patient transport outside of hospital in the civilian setting, although these practices may have clinical impact. Objective. We set out to describe ventilation practice, the use of lung-protective ventilation strategies, administration of sedation and neuromuscular blockade, and related critical events during out-of-hospital transport of ventilated patients.
Related JoVE Video
Better infrastructure for critical care trials: nomenclature, etymology, and informatics.
Crit. Care Med.
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The goals of this review article are to review the importance and value of standardized definitions in clinical research, as well as to propose the necessary tools and infrastructure needed to advance nosology and medial taxonomy to improve the quality of clinical trials in the field of critical care.
Related JoVE Video
Hepatitis B screening before chemotherapy: a survey of practitioners knowledge, beliefs, and screening practices.
J Oncol Pract
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation is a potentially fatal complication of chemotherapy that can be largely prevented with medication, provided that asymptomatic HBV carriers are identified. We explored the knowledge, beliefs, and practices of Canadian oncologists/hematologists regarding HBV screening before chemotherapy.
Related JoVE Video
Clinical utility of biomarkers of endothelial activation in sepsis--a systematic review.
Crit Care
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
A strong biologic rationale exists for targeting markers of endothelial cell (EC) activation as clinically informative biomarkers to improve diagnosis, prognostic evaluation or risk-stratification of patients with sepsis.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.