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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Long-term sustainable aluminum precursor solution for highly conductive thin films on rigid and flexible substrates.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
PUBLISHED: 08-25-2014
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To fabricate the highly conductive Al film via a solution process, AlH3 etherates have been a unique Al source despite their chemical instability in solvents and thus lack of long-term sustainability. Herein, we suggest an innovative solution process to overcome the aforementioned drawbacks in AlH3 etherates; AlH3 aminates powder, which can be stored in low temperature surroundings and redissolved in solvents whenever it is needed. Since refrigeration of AlH3 aminates, AlH3{N(CH3)3}, was very effective to prevent its chemical degradation, Al film with excellence and uniformity in electrical and mechanical properties was successfully fabricated even by the 180-day stored AlH3{N(CH3)3} dissolved in solvents. Moreover, the applicability of long-term stored AlH3{N(CH3)3} to electronic devices was experimentally demonstrated by the successful operation of LED lamps connected to the Al pattern films on glass, PET, and paper substrates.
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Fabrication of nanostructured copper indium diselenide (CIS) thin films by electrohydrodynamic atomization technique.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol
PUBLISHED: 11-26-2013
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In this article, we report a non-vacuum electrohydrodynamic atomization (EHDA) technique for deposition of CulnSe2 (CIS) thin films. The CIS ink has been prepared with three different concentrations (7.5 wt.%, 12.5 wt.% and 15 wt.%) by using suitable solvent mixture (ethanol:terpineol as 1:1 molar ratio) with surfactant to achieve a stable dispersions. The important physical parameters for achieving homogeneous with non-agglomerated CIS layers through EHDA technique are investigated in detail. The X-ray diffraction pattern confirms the crystalline structure of CIS layers oriented in the chalcopyrite phase. The film uniformity has been investigated by field emission scanning electron microscopy. Different thickness of CIS layers has been achieved by varying the concentration of CIS particles in the precursor ink solution. The optical properties of CIS layers show the two optical band gaps in UV-visible and near infra-red (NIR) region with band gap of about 2.67-2.49 eV and 1.34-1.29 eV respectively. The energy band gap of CIS thin films have been decreased with the increase of film thickness. The X-ray photoelectron spectra confirmed presence of binding energy corresponding to CulnSe2. The electrical study observed the sheet resistivity 76-33 Omega cm with respect to film thickness.
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Fabrication and characterization of flexible thin film super-capacitor with silver nano paste current collector.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol
PUBLISHED: 11-26-2013
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Flexible thin film super-capacitors with the silver paste current collector were printed and their electrochemical characteristics were investigated to apply for a low cost solution-based printing process. The silver paste current collector was printed on a flexible Polyethylene Telephtalate (PET) substrate and the activated carbon electrode was printed in a sequence by using a mature screen printing. In experimental evaluation, three silver pastes with different solid contents were prepared and compared because sheet resistance depended on the thickness of the current collector. By using the confocal image, the thickness of the printed electrode of the activated carbon was measured to be 27.8 microm. Cyclic voltammogram, the specific capacitance and impedence together with capacitance retension were examined to determine the performance of the printed super-capacitor. The highest specific capacitance of 53.05 F/g at a scan rate of 10 mV/s was obtained. The measurement results show that the printed super-capacitors with the silver paste current collector have a great potential to apply for wearable electronics and protable electronic devices.
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Structural and electrical properties of Ag grid/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): poly(styrene sulfonate) coatings for diode application through advanced printing technology.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol
PUBLISHED: 07-26-2013
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This paper is focused on printed techniques for the fabrication of hybrid structure of silver (Ag) grid/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): Poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) on polyethylene terepthalate (PET) as a flexible substrate. Ag grid has been printed on PET substrate by using gravure offset printing process, followed by PEDOT:PSS thin film deposition on Ag grid through electrohydrodynamic atomization (EHDA) technique. The important parameters for achieving uniform hybrid structure of Ag grid/PEDOT:PSS through printed techniques have been clearly discussed. Field emission scanning electron microscope studies revealed the uniformity of printed Ag grid with homogeneous deposition of PEDOT:PSS on Ag grid. The optical properties of Ag grid/PEDOT:PSS were measured by UV-visible spectroscopy, which showed nearly 80-82% of transparency in the visible region and it was nearly same as PEDOT:PSS thin film on PET substrate. Current-voltage (I-V) analysis of fabricated hybrid device by using printed Ag grid/PEDOT:PSS as a bottom electrode showed good rectifying behavior with possible interfacial mechanisms. Capacitance-voltage (C-V) analysis was carried over different frequencies. These results suggest that fabrication of hybrid structure through printed techniques will play a significant role in mass production of printed electronic devices for commercial application by using flexible substrate.
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Roll-printed organic thin-film transistor using patterned poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) stamp.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol
PUBLISHED: 04-03-2010
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The roll-printed gate, source, and drain electrodes of organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs) were fabricated by gravure printing or gravure-offset printing using patterned poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) stamp with various channel lengths and low-resistance silver (Ag) pastes on flexible 150 x 150 mm2 plastic substrates. Bottom-contact roll-printed OTFTs used polyvinylphenol (PVP) as polymeric dielectric and bis(triisopropyl-silylethynyl) pentacene (TIPS-pentacene) as organic semiconductor; they were formed by spin coating or ink-jetting. Depending on the choice of roll-printing method, the printed OTFTs obtained had a field-effect mobility of between 0.08 and 0.1 cm2/Vs, an on/off current ratio of between 10(4) and 10(5), and a subthreshold slope of between 1.96 and 2.32 V/decade. The roll-printing using patterned PDMS stamp and soluble processes made it possible to fabricate a printed OTFT with a channel length of between 12 to 74 microm on a plastic substrate; this was not previously possible using traditional printing techniques. The proposed fabrication process was 20 steps shorted than conventional fabrication techniques.
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Silver front electrode grids for ITO-free all printed polymer solar cells with embedded and raised topographies, prepared by thermal imprint, flexographic and inkjet roll-to-roll processes.
Nanoscale
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Semitransparent front electrodes for polymer solar cells, that are printable and roll-to-roll processable under ambient conditions using different approaches, are explored in this report. The excellent smoothness of indium-tin-oxide (ITO) electrodes has traditionally been believed to be difficult to achieve using printed front grids, as surface topographies accumulate when processing subsequent layers, leading to shunts between the top and bottom printed metallic electrodes. Here we demonstrate how aqueous nanoparticle based silver inks can be employed as printed front electrodes using several different roll-to-roll techniques. We thus compare hexagonal silver grids prepared using either roll-to-roll inkjet or roll-to-roll flexographic printing. Both inkjet and flexo grids present a raised topography and were found to perform differently due to only the conductivity of the obtained silver grid. The raised topographies were compared with a roll-to-roll thermally imprinted grid that was filled with silver in a roll-to-roll process, thus presenting an embedded topography. The embedded grid and the flexo grid were found to perform equally well, with the flexographic technique currently presenting the fastest processing and the lowest silver use, whereas the embedded grid presents the maximally achievable optical transparency and conductivity. Polymer solar cells were prepared in the same step, using roll-to-roll slot-die coating of zinc oxide as the electron transport layer, poly-3-hexylthiophene:phenyl-C(61)-butyric acid methyl ester (P3HT:PCBM) as the active layer and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) as the top electrode, along with a flat bed screen printed silver grid. The power conversion efficiency (PCE) obtained for large area devices (6 cm(2)) was 1.84%, 0.79% and 1.72%, respectively, for thermally imprinted, inkjet and flexographic silver grids, tested outside under the real sun. Central to all three approaches was that they employed environmentally friendly solvents, i.e. water based nanoparticle silver inks.
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Design of roll-to-roll printing equipment with multiple printing methods for multi-layer printing.
Rev Sci Instrum
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In this paper, a novel design concept for roll-to-roll printing equipment used for manufacturing printed electronic devices by multi-layer printing is presented. The roll-to-roll printing system mainly consists of printing units for patterning the circuits, tension control components such as feeders, dancers, load cells, register measurement and control units, and the drying units. It has three printing units which allow switching among the gravure, gravure-offset, and flexo printing methods by changing the web path and the placements of the cylinders. Therefore, depending on the application devices and the corresponding inks used, each printing unit can be easily adjusted to the required printing method. The appropriate printing method can be chosen depending on the desired printing properties such as thickness, roughness, and printing quality. To provide an example of the application of the designed printing equipment, we present the results of printing tests showing the variations in the printing properties of the ink for different printing methods.
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Fabrication of transparent conductive electrode film using thermal roll-imprinted Ag metal grid and coated conductive polymer.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol
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In this study, to fabricate a low-resistance and high optical transparent conductive electrode (TCE) film, the following steps were performed: the design and manufacture of an electroforming stamp mold, the fabrication of thermal-roll imprinted (TRI) poly-carbonate (PC) patterned films, the manufacture of high-conductivity and low-resistance Ag paste which was filled into patterned PC film using a doctor blade process and then coated with a thin film layer of conductive polymer by a spin coating process. As a result of these imprinting processes the PC films obtained a line width of 10 +/- 0.5 Mm, a channel length of 500 +/- 2 microm, and a pattern depth of 7.34 +/- 0.5 microm. After the Ag paste was used to fill part of the patterned film with conductive polymer coating, the following parameters were obtained: a sheet resistance of 9.65 Omega/sq, optical transparency values were 83.69% at a wavelength of 550 nm.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.