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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Nanostructured bismuth vanadate-based materials for solar-energy-driven water oxidation: a review on recent progress.
Nanoscale
PUBLISHED: 10-18-2014
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Water oxidation is the key step for both photocatalytic water splitting and CO2 reduction, but its efficiency is very low compared with the photocatalytic reduction of water. Bismuth vanadate (BiVO4) is the most promising photocatalyst for water oxidation and has become a hot topic for current research. However, the efficiency achieved with this material to date is far away from the theoretical solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency, mainly due to the poor photo-induced electron transportation and the slow kinetics of oxygen evolution. Fortunately, great breakthroughs have been made in the past five years in both improving the efficiency and understanding the related mechanism. This review is aimed at summarizing the recent experimental and computational breakthroughs in single crystals modified by element doping, facet engineering, and morphology control, as well as macro/mesoporous structure construction, and composites fabricated by homo/hetero-junction construction and co-catalyst loading. We aim to provide guidelines for the rational design and fabrication of highly efficient BiVO4-based materials for water oxidation.
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Mesoporous W??O?? hollow spheres as highly active photocatalysts.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 07-04-2014
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Mesoporous hollow W18O49 spheres were fabricated by a facile solvent-induced assembly method using anhydrous WCl6 as a precursor and CH3COOH as a solvent. This unique structure exhibited remarkably enhanced photocatalytic and photoelectrocatalytic performance than other morphologies like urchin and nanowire due to the simultaneous enhancement in light harvesting, surface area and adsorption capability.
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Two three-dimensional lanthanide frameworks exhibiting luminescence increases upon dehydration and novel water layer involving in situ decarboxylation.
Inorg Chem
PUBLISHED: 06-30-2014
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Two three-dimensional polymeric Tb(III) and Yb(III) frameworks, namely, {[Tb3(Hptc)(ptc)(pdc)(H2O)6]·2H2O}n (1) and {[Yb2(ptc)(ox)(H2O)5]·7H2O}n (2) (H4ptc = pyridine-2,3,5,6-tetracarboxylic acid, H2pdc = pyridine-3,5-dicarboxylic acid, ox = oxalate), have been synthesized by a hydrothermal method and characterized by infrared spectra, elemental analysis, powder X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Framework 1 shows an interesting three-dimensional (8,8)-connected net with a Schläfli symbol of (3(3)·4(18)·5(5)·6(2))2(3(6)·4(14)·5(7)·6), while 2 exhibits an unusual (4,8)-connected sqc21 net with a Schläfli symbol of (3(2)·4(2)·5(2))(3(4)·4(8)·5(12)·6(4)). Luminescence studies of 1 reveal that the luminescence intensity increases when the framework is dehydrated.
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W18O49 nanowire alignments with a BiOCl shell as an efficient photocatalyst.
Nanoscale
PUBLISHED: 06-25-2014
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Top-down nanostructure engineering and band engineering are promising methods for fabricating efficient photocatalysts with enhanced optical and electronic properties; however, composites with simultaneously engineered structure and band are very rare. Herein, we constructed a unique architecture composed of a W18O49 nanowire alignment core and porous BiOCl shell (WA@BiOCl), which combined the advantages of both an assembly structure and a type II core-shell heterojunction. The W18O49 alignments (WA) were synthesized using a "one-pot" solvothermal treatment of WCl6/NaNO3via NO3(-)-mediated assembly, whereas the W18O49 nanowires with BiOCl shell (W@BiOCl) were obtained using WCl6/BiCl3. Then, WA@BiOCl, in contrast to W@BiOCl alignments, were fabricated when WCl6 and Bi(NO3)3 were present in the starting mixture. Optical absorption, photoelectrochemical measurements and photoluminescence characterizations show that either the alignments or the core-shell heterojunctions can enhance light harvesting, photo-charge transfer and collection. As a synergetic result, the WA@BiOCl architecture exhibited very high photoactivity and photostability. Under UV-vis (or vis) irradiation, WA@BiOCl is 2.43 (1.93), 3.93 (2.73) and 5.34 (3.44)-fold more active than W@BiOCl, WA and W18O49, respectively. The results demonstrate that the simultaneous nanostructure and band engineering can produce a more efficient photocatalyst than a single strategy alone, which suggests a potential method for the fabrication of photocatalysts in the fields of environment and energy.
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Water Extract of Fructus Hordei Germinatus Shows Antihyperprolactinemia Activity via Dopamine D2 Receptor.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med
PUBLISHED: 05-12-2014
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Objective. Fructus Hordei Germinatus is widely used in treating hyperprolactinemia (hyperPRL) as a kind of Chinese traditional herb in China. In this study, we investigated the anti-hyperPRL activity of water extract of Fructus Hordei Germinatus (WEFHG) and mechanism of action. Methods. Effect of WEFHG on serum prolactin (PRL), estradiol (E2), progesterone (P), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and hypothalamus protein kinase A (PKA) and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels of hyperPRL rats were investigated. And effect of WEFHG on PRL secretion, D2 receptors, and dopamine transporters (DAT) was studied in MMQ, GH3, and PC12 cells, respectively. Results. WEFHG reduced the secretion of PRL in hyperPRL rats effectively. In MMQ cell, treatment with WEFHG at 1-5?mg/mL significantly suppressed PRL secretion and synthesis. Consistent with a D2-action, WEFHG did not affect PRL in rat pituitary lactotropic tumor-derived GH3 cells that lack the D2 receptor expression but significantly increased the expression of D2 receptors and DAT in PC12 cells. In addition, WEFHG reduced the cAMP and PKA levels of hypothalamus in hyperPRL rats significantly. Conclusions. WEFHG showed anti-hyperPRL activity via dopamine D2 receptor, which was related to the second messenger cAMP and PKA.
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MicroRNA-155 inhibits angiotensin II-induced vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation.
J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst
PUBLISHED: 04-15-2014
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MicroRNA-155 (miR-155) is a multifunctional signal microRNA that participates in a variety of cardiovascular diseases and is involved in physiological and pathological processes in different cell types.
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Upper airway cough syndrome in children and two inflammatory factors: TRPV1 and TGF-?2.
Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2014
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The aim of the study was to investigate upper airway cough syndrome (UACS) in children and to determine alternative methods to explore the relationships among TRPV1, TGF-?2, and UACS.
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[Orbicular oris muscle flap wrapped by acelluar dermis for the treatment of upper lip atrophy in children].
Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-16-2013
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To investigate the treatment of upper lip atrophy resulted by previous therapy.
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A homospin cobalt(II) topological ferrimagnet.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 08-09-2013
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An unusual 3D homospin cobalt(II) molecular topological ferrimagnet has been successfully assembled using a mixed ligand approach, which shows a critical temperature of 9 K and a compensation temperature of 5 K.
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Quantum dot self-decorated TiO2 nanosheets.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 05-09-2013
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Quantum dot (TiO2) self-decorated and defect-free anatase nanosheets were fabricated by a long-time hydrothermal strategy and subsequent defect healing. Such decoration provides a new and effective charge transfer pathway over the nanosheet surface, leading to remarkably high photoactivity.
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[Pulmonary surfactant protein gene mutation associated with pediatric interstitial lung disease: a case study and the review of related literature].
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 03-27-2013
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To report a case of pulmonary surfactant protein (SP) gene mutation associated with pediatric interstitial lung disease, and study the clinical diagnosis process and review of related literature, to understand the relationship between interstitial lung disease and SP gene mutation in infants and children.
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Silver-zwitterion organic-inorganic nanocomposite with antimicrobial and antiadhesive capabilities.
Langmuir
PUBLISHED: 03-08-2013
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In this work, we demonstrate a convenient, efficient, and environmentally benign strategy to achieving antimicrobial and antiadhesive purposes using a silver-zwitterion nanocomposite. The synthesis of the nanocomposite relies on loading zwitterionic polymer brushes with Ag(+) precursor ions, followed by their in situ reduction to Ag nanoparticle by ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. Both poly(sulfobetaine methacrylate) (pSBMA) and poly(carboxybetaine methacrylate) (pCBMA) have been studied as matrices for the embedding of silver. Well-dispersed silver nanoparticles are embedded into pCBMA matrices. The obtained pCBMA-silver hybrid (CB-Ag) is capable of killing bacteria upon contact and releasing dead bacteria under wet conditions. Results suggest the feasibility of using this nanocomposite system as a robust and reliable antimicrobial and antiadhesive platform for the prevention of microbial colonization.
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Transient receptor potential vanilloid 2 (TRPV2), a potential novel biomarker in childhood asthma.
J Asthma
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2013
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The presence of transient receptor potential vanilloid 2 (TRPV2) in human peripheral blood cells may suggest a role under pathological conditions. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between the expression profile of TRPV2 gene and childhood asthma in the north of China. The effects of allergens exposure on the expression of TRPV2 gene were also investigated.
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Effect of reactive oxygen species overproduction on osteogenesis of porous titanium implant in the present of diabetes mellitus.
Biomaterials
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2013
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Clinical evidence indicates diabetes as a majorrisk factor for titaniumimplant treatment with high failure rates and poor osteointegration, but the underlying mechanism involved remains elusive.We hypothesize that reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction may contribute to the impaired osteogenesis of porous titanium implants (pTi) under diabetic conditions. To test this hypothesis, we culturedprimary rabbit osteoblasts onto pTi and studied the cellular performance when subjected to normal serum (NS), diabetic serum (DS), DS + NAC (a potent ROS inhibitor) and NS + H(2)O(2)(an oxidant).In-vivo performance of pTi was investigated by transplanting them intofemoral condyledefects of diabetic rabbits, which received vehicle or NAC treatment respectively.Results showed that diabetic conditions induced significant cellular apoptosis, depressedosteoblast function evidenced by impairedcell attachment and morphology, decreased cell proliferation anddifferentiation, andcompromised in-vivo osteogenesis ofpTi, while cellular ROSgeneration was increased derived from mitochondrial dysfunction. Scavenging ROS with NAC markedly attenuated cell apoptosis and osteoblast dysfunction, and improved bone ingrowth within pTi. Furthermore, treatment withH(2)O(2) exerted similar adverse effect on cellular behavior as diabetes. This study furthers our knowledge on the potential role of ROS overproduction in the diabetes-induced impaired osteogenesis of titanium implants, and indicates anti-oxidative treatment as a promising strategy to promote the treatment efficacy of pTi in diabetic patients.
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Effect of Chinese medical herbs-Huiru Yizeng Yihao on hyperprolactinemia and hyperplasia of mammary gland in mice.
Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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The study investigated the pharmacodynamism and mechanism of Chinese medicinal formula-Huiru Yizeng Yihao (NO.1 HRYZ) on the model rats of hyperpro-lactinemia and the model rats of hyperplasia of mammary gland (HMG), and studied the internal connection between hyperprolactinemia and HMG.. The hyperprolactinemia rat models were established by injecting metoclopramide dihydrochloride in the back of rats. The model rat of HMG was prepared by injecting estradiol in the thigh muscle of the rats and progesterone consecutively, while the tails of rats were clipped with tongs. Rats were treated with either NO.1 HRYZ or positive control drugs for four weeks. The concentrations of sex hormone in rat serum were examined using ELISA kits, and the morphology of mammary gland tissue in all group rats was observed with microscope. NO.1 HRYZ significantly decreased prolactin (PRL) and increased estradiol (E2), progesterone (P), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) concentrations of hyperprolactinemia rats. It decreased E2, PRL, FSH, gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and increased P concentrations of HMG rat. It also eliminated hyperplasia of lobules and gland alveolus compared with the model group. Treatment with NO.1 HRYZ could significantly regulate the sex hormone disorder of hyperprolactinemia and HMG rat models, and could eliminate the formation of HMG. Hyperprolactinemia was closely correlated with HMG, and hyperprolactinemia promoted the formation of HMG.
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Enhancing the bioactivity of Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) scaffold with a nano-hydroxyapatite coating for the treatment of segmental bone defect in a rabbit model.
Int J Nanomedicine
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) is excellent as a scaffolding matrix due to feasibility of processing and tunable biodegradability, yet the virgin scaffolds lack osteoconduction and osteoinduction. In this study, nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA) was coated on the interior surfaces of PLGA scaffolds in order to facilitate in vivo bone defect restoration using biomimetic ceramics while keeping the polyester skeleton of the scaffolds.
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[Juvenile xanthogranuloma: 3 cases report and literature review].
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-25-2011
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To report the clinical characteristics and treatment of 3 patients with juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG).
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[Segmental monobloc osteotomy and bi-directional distraction for the treatment of Crouzon syndrome in an infant].
Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-10-2011
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To discuss the segmental monobloc osteotomy and bi-directional distraction for the treatment of Crouzon syndrome in an infant.
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[Association between lymphangiogenesis and clinicopathological features and prognosis in laryngeal carcinoma].
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-31-2011
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To detect lymphangiogenesis by labeling the lymphatic endothelial marker, lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor-1 (LYVE-1), and study the prognostic relevance of lymphangiogenesis in laryngeal squamous carcinoma.
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Hepatoprotective effects of IL-22 on fulminant hepatic failure induced by d-galactosamine and lipopolysaccharide in mice.
Cytokine
PUBLISHED: 07-14-2011
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Interleukin-22 (IL-22), a member of the IL-10 cytokine family that is produced by activated Th22, Th1 and Th17 cells as well as natural killer cells, plays an important role in increase of innate immunity, protection from damage and enhancement of regeneration. Here, we examined the effects of IL-22 on acute liver failure model induced by d-galactosamine (GalN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Administration of recombinant human IL-22 (rhIL-22) reduced the death rate markedly and prevented mice from severe hepatic injury, as evidenced by decreased serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and total bilirubin (T.Bil) activity as well as improved histological signs in liver. Furthermore, IL-22 treatment decreased the hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) contents and increased the reduced glutathione levels. Serum tumor necrosis factor ? (TNF-?) level and hepatic caspase-3 activity were significantly lower in mice administrated with IL-22. Moreover, IL-22 treatment significantly enhanced activation of STAT3 and up-regulated the expression of Bcl-xL, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and redox factor-1 (Ref-1) in the liver injury induced by GalN/LPS. Collectively, these data indicate that IL-22 can provide critical protection against GalN/LPS-induced liver injury through anti-apoptotic, anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory actions.
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Interleukin-22 protects against acute alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity in mice.
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 07-07-2011
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The protective effects of interleukin-22 (IL-22) on acute alcohol-induced liver injury were investigated. Mice were gavaged with 7 doses of alcohol (56% wt/vol, 15.2 mL/kg of body weight for each dose) over the 24 h, and IL-22 (0.5 mg/kg BW) was given to the mice by injection into the tail vein 1 h after alcohol administration. The results indicated that acute alcohol administration caused prominent hepatic microvesicular steatosis and an elevation of serum transaminase activities, induced a significant decrease in hepatic glutathione in conjunction with enhanced lipid peroxidation, and increased hepatocyte apoptosis as well as hepatic TNF-alpha production. IL-22 treatment attenuated these adverse changes induced by acute alcohol administration. The protective effects of IL-22 on alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity were due mainly to its anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and anti-apoptotic features.
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Water-mediated promotion of dye sensitization of TiO2 under visible light.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
PUBLISHED: 06-13-2011
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Preadsorbed water along with surrounding bulk water significantly modulates the surface electronic structure of TiO(2), switches the adsorption mode of dyes, and promotes dye sensitization of TiO(2) under visible-light irradiation. This opens a door toward facile improvement in the efficiency of photodegradation of dyes and dye-sensitized solar cells under visible-light irradiation without any complicated and expensive surface modulation.
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[Vocal fold augmentation by injection of autologous fascia and fat].
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 06-01-2011
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To evaluate the effect of combination of autologous fascia and fat injection into vocal fold for the treatment of patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis and to observe the long-term effectiveness of this procedure.
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XPA A23G polymorphism and lung cancer risk: a meta-analysis.
Mol. Biol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 05-14-2011
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Case-control studies on the association between XPA A23G and lung cancer have provided either controversial or inconclusive results. To clarify the effect of XPA A23G on the risk of lung cancer, a meta-analysis of all case-control observational studies was performed. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) for various polymorphisms were estimated using random and fixed effects models. The Q-statistic was used to evaluate the homogeneity, and Egger and Begg tests were used to assess publication bias. For the homozygote GG and G allele carriers (GA + GG), the pooled ORs were 1.24 (95% CI 1.05-1.46; P = 0.27 for heterogeneity) and 1.30 (95% CI 1.13-1.51; P = 0.45 for heterogeneity) compared to the homozygous genotype (AA). In the stratified analysis by ethnicity, the ORs of the G allele carriers and the homozygote GG were 1.28 (95% CI 1.10-1.49; P = 0.07 for heterogeneity) and 1.42 (95% CI 1.04-1.93; P = 0.39 for heterogeneity) among non-Caucasians. No significant associations were found in the Caucasian population in any of the genetic models. When studies that were not in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) were corrected, the pattern of the results remained the same. Our results indicated a significantly decreased risk of lung cancer in non-Caucasians with the G allele.
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Detection and Clinical Significance of DLC1 Gene Methylation in Serum DNA from Colorectal Cancer Patients.
Chin. J. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 04-20-2011
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Deleted in liver cancer 1 (DLC1) is a new candidate tumor suppressor gene, whose down-regulation or even silence will result from promoter hypermethylation in various human cancers including colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of this study is toevaluate the diagnostic role of DLC1gene methylationin the serum DNA from CRC patients.
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Physical modeling with orthotropic material based on harmonic fields.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed
PUBLISHED: 04-07-2011
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Although it is well known that human bone tissues have obvious orthotropic material properties, most works in the physical modeling field adopted oversimplified isotropic or approximated transversely isotropic elasticity due to the simplicity. This paper presents a convenient methodology based on harmonic fields, to construct volumetric finite element mesh integrated with complete orthotropic material. The basic idea is taking advantage of the fact that the longitudinal axis direction indicated by the shape configuration of most bone tissues is compatible with the trajectory of the maximum material stiffness. First, surface harmonic fields of the longitudinal axis direction for individual bone models were generated, whose scalar distribution pattern tends to conform very well to the object shape. The scalar iso-contours were extracted and sampled adaptively to construct volumetric meshes of high quality. Following, the surface harmonic fields were expanded over the whole volumetric domain to create longitudinal and radial volumetric harmonic fields, from which the gradient vector fields were calculated and employed as the orthotropic principal axes vector fields. Contrastive finite element analyses demonstrated that elastic orthotropy has significant effect on simulating stresses and strains, including the value as well as distribution pattern, which underlines the relevance of our orthotropic modeling scheme.
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[Diagnosis and treatment of children sinus pericranii].
Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-05-2010
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To discuss the diagnosis and treatment of children sinus pericranii (SP).
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[Research on high temperature Cs activated GaAs photocathode].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 10-14-2010
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Mechanism about the change of GaAs phtotocathodes surface barrier during Cs activated process was studied. Ionized Cs and p type doping impurity(Be) form a dipole that decreases the vacuum level of GaAs. Generally, Cs activated GaAs photocathode could achieve zero electron affinity state. The quantum yield formula of reflection-mode photocathode has been solved from the 1-dimension continuity equations and the escape probability formula has been solved from the Schrodinger equation. It was found from the formula that the quantum efficiency of Cs activated GaAs photocathode is directly proportional to the electric field intensity of Be- -Cs+ dipole. A Cs activation experiment was carried out, the experiment process tallies with the theory mentioned above and the integral sensitivity of Cs activated GaAs photocathode is 453 microA x lm(-1), which could be inferred as a zero electron affinity state.
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[Tubed pectoralis major myocutaneous flap for reconstruction of circumference pharyngoesophageal defects].
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-27-2010
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To investigate the feasibility and efficacy of tubed pectoralis major myocutaneous flap in the reconstruction of circumferential defects following resection for locally advanced hypopharyngeal and cervical esophageal carcinoma.
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[Management of congenital scalp defects in infants].
Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 06-15-2010
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To investigate the management of congenital scalp defects in infants.
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[Treatment of airway obstruction with mandibular distraction osteogenesis in Pierre Robin syndrome].
Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-04-2010
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To investigate the feasibility of mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO) in the treatment of airway obstruction in Pierre Robin syndrome (PRS).
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[Changes of serum matrix metalloproteinases-9 and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases-9 in coal workers pneumoconiosis].
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2010
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To explore the changes and significance of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-9 and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-9 in serum of patients with coal workers pneumoconiosis (CWP).
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[Effects of RNA interference silencing RhoC gene upon paclitaxel sensitivity in ovarian cancer cell lines].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-04-2009
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To explore the changes of paclitaxel sensitivity by RNA interference of RhoC gene in ovarian cancer cell lines.
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2-Norbornyl ion-pair leakage in electrophilic addition of HCl to nortricyclene and norbornene.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 09-25-2009
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Ion pair "leakage" pathways, located computationally by means of multidimensional potential energy surface scans, rationalize the unsymmetrical D-label scrambling observed experimentally in the DCl addition products of nortricyclene and norbornene. "Classical" addition transition structures can interconvert ("leak") to symmetrical nonclassical 2-norbornyl ion pair species, either TSs or a minimum, before products form.
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Thr-114 is an important functional residue of fibroblast growth factor 10 identified by structure-based mutational analysis.
Cytokine
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2009
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Fibroblast growth factor 10 (FGF10) plays important roles in vertebrate limb development, lung branching morphogenesis, and epidermis regeneration. The receptor (FGFR2b) binding specificity is an essential element in regulating the diverse functions of FGF10. Analyzing the FGF10:FGFR2b complex we found that Thr-114 in beta4 of FGF10 could form specific interactions with D3 of FGFR2b. To investigate the role of Thr-114 played on functions of FGF10, two mutants of FGF10 were constructed, named TA (Thr-114-->Ala) and TR (Thr-114-->Arg), respectively. The biological activity assays showed that the receptor-binding affinity, the stimulating growth effect on rat tracheal epithelium (RTE) cells, and the inducing ability in receptor phosphorylation of both mutants were decreased, which were consistent with the interaction analysis of the TA:FGFR2b and TR:FGFR2b complexes. These results suggested that Thr-114 is a crucial functional residue for FGF10, and mutating Thr-114 to Ala or Arg would lead to great decrease in receptor-binding affinity and biological activity of FGF10.
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PAMAM-triamcinolone acetonide conjugate as a nucleus-targeting gene carrier for enhanced transfer activity.
Biomaterials
PUBLISHED: 05-08-2009
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The excellent transfection efficiency and viability are essential for successful gene therapy. It suggested that when bound to its glucocorticoid receptor, glucocorticoid steroid can dilate the nuclear pore complexes and facilitated the transport of pDNA into the nucleus. In this research, the two different degrees of substitution of PAMAM-triamcinolone acetonide (PAMAM-TA) conjugates were synthesised for efficient translocation of pDNA into the nucleus. The physicochemical properties of the polyplexes were investigated by agarose gel electrophoresis, Zeta-sizer and TEM. They both could form nano-size polyplexes with pDNA. The polyplexes were very stable and showed excellent buffering capacities, facilitating endosomal escape, and no obvious difference was found between them. The TA-conjugated PAMAM-mediated transfection of luciferase and EGFP genes showed better transfer activity than native PAMAM and was comparable to the PEI 25K (polyethylenimine), and lower cytotoxicity in HEK 293 and HepG 2 cells. Even with 10% serum, their transfer activity was still high relatively. In addition, confocal microscopy examination confirmed that the enhancing mechanism for enhanced gene transfer activity of PAMAM-TA conjugate may involve the nuclear translocation of the polyplex. The low substituted degree of TA to 0.22 did not interrupt its nuclear localization potency. These findings demonstrated that the TA-grafted PAMAM dendrimer is a potential candidate as a safe and efficient gene delivery carrier for gene therapy.
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Effect of pathoanatomic diagnosis on the quality of birth defects surveillance in China.
Biomed. Environ. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2009
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To provide evidence for more accurate diagnosis of birth defects based on the pathoanatomy of congenital malformations.
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[Quantitative method for detection of plasma lumbrokinase content and its assessment].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
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This study was aimed to set up and evaluate a quantitative method for detecting lumbrokinase level in plasma. The lumbrokinase was used to immunize rabbit and BALB/c mouse for preparation of rabbit or mouse-derived polyclonal antibodies, and then the standard curves were drawn up by detecting the lumbrokinase diluted in PBS using the double antibody sandwich ELISA. This method further was analyzed for its specificity, precision and recovery rate. This established double antibody sandwich ELISA was used to assay the lumbrokinase in human plasma, and the assayed results were assessed. The results showed that a double antibody sandwich ELISA for the detection of lumbrokinase has been established. And the standard curve fitting R value > 0.99, the precision assessment showed that the measured values of coefficient of variation (CV) in 3 batches were all < 15%; recovery assessment in 3 batches showed that all the measured recovery rates were > 80%; the quantitative low limit was assessed as 5 ng/ml (precision CV < 15%, recovery rate > 85%). It is concluded that this method is consistent with the criteria stipulated by the Pharmacopeia, which provides a reliable measurement method for quantitative detection of plasma lumbrokinase in clinical trials.
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Mesenchymal stem cells/multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs): potential role in healing cutaneous chronic wounds.
Int J Low Extrem Wounds
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Chronic wounds remain a major challenge in modern medicine and represent a significant health care burden. Several treatments have been suggested, but without a full understanding of the exact mechanism by which chronic wound occurs. Numerous studies have shown that mesenchymal stem cells/multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) may have therapeutic potential in healing cutaneous chronic wounds through various mechanisms. So far, a series of hypotheses have been proposed, but a holistic image of them is lacking. This review provides a systematic analysis of recent research in animal models and preclinical or clinic trails to evaluate the potential role of MSCs in chronic cutaneous wound healing. Most important, we highlight how mesenchymal stem cells could potentially revolutionize our approach to treating cutaneous chronic wounds. Special attention should be focused on ongoing research regarding the challenges in using and prospects of MSCs in clinical settings.
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The prognostic role of disseminated tumor cells detected in peripheral blood and bone marrow of colorectal cancer.
Hepatogastroenterology
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Disseminated tumor cells (DTCs) have been associated with clinical outcome in various malignancies. The aim of this study is to examine the status of DTC in peripheral blood (PB) and bone marrow (BM) of colorectal cancer (CRC) and to evaluate its clinical significance.
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Theoretical study on cyclopropanation of endo-dicyclopentadiene with zinc carbenoids: effects of solvent and (ICH2)2Zn.
J. Org. Chem.
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A computational study using a hybrid DFT method (M06) on the cyclopropanation of endo-dicyclopentadiene with Simmons-Smith zinc carbenoids is reported. Each channel proceeds via the methylene-transfer mechanism with a reactant complex (RC) and subsquently a asynchronous transition state (TS). The channels with monomeric IZnCH(2)I attacking the double bonds from the exo-face have a much lower barrier (about 16.17-18.43 kcal/mol) in the gas phase, compared with the channels from the endo-face (21.80-31.13 kcal/mol). Thus, P1 and P3 are the primary cyclopropanated compounds, and P5 is the sole final product, representing remarkable stereospecificity. When considering the bulk solvent effect of diethyl ether, the barriers are decreased about 0.50-7.77 kcal/mol due to more "destabilization" of RC than TS. The solvated (ICH(2))(2)Zn can further reduce the barriers about 0.18-2.30 kcal/mol. In addition, the solvated IZnCH(2)I and (ICH(2))(2)Zn do not change the reaction pathways and retain the stereospecificity. Our computational results agree with the experimental observations quite well and suggest that both IZnCH(2)I and (ICH(2))(2)Zn might be the active species in the real reaction system. Regarding the solvent effect, the polar continuum model is more realistic than the direct involvement of diethyl ether molecules.
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Expression, purification and characterization of recombinant human angiogenin in Pichia pastoris.
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.
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The potential of angiogenin (Ang) for clinical use has been highlighted in view of its important roles in inducing angiogenesis, facilitating cell proliferation, and inhibiting cell apoptosis. To produce soluble, correctly folded recombinant protein with a high yield, a DNA fragment encoding human Ang was inserted into eukaryotic expression vector pPIC9 and transformed into Pichia pastoris. The expression of recombinant human Ang (rhAng) accounted for about 70% of total secreted proteins. Purifying the Ang from the culture supernatant yielded 30 mg/L at 90% purity by chromatography with a SP Sepharose FF column. Biological assays indicated that rhAng can induce new blood-vessel formation, promote HeLa cell proliferation, increase Erk1/2 phosphorylation, and upregulate c-myc expression. Preparation of bioactive rhAng might lay the basis for further functional study, and might provide an effective strategy for large-scale production of soluble human Ang.
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[Clinical features, mutation of the GNAS1 and pathogenesis of progressive osseous heteroplasia].
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi
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To investigate the clinical features, mutation of the GNAS1 and pathogenesis of progressive osseous heteroplasia (POH).
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[Exogenous hydrogen sulfide attenuates gastric ischemia-reperfusion injury via activation of K(ATP) channel].
Sheng Li Xue Bao
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The present study aimed to investigate the protective effect and mechanism of hydrogen sulfide donor NaHS administration against gastric mucosal injury induced by gastric ischemia-reperfusion (GI-R) in rats. GI-R injury was induced by clamping the celiac artery of adult male SD rats for 30 min and followed by reperfusion for 1 h. The rats were randomly divided into sham group, GI-R group, NaHS group, glibenclamide group and pinacidil group. Gastric mucosal damage was analyzed with macroscopic injured area, deep damage was assessed with histopathology scores, and the hydrogen sulfide concentration in plasma was determined by colorimetric method. The results showed that pretreatment of NaHS significantly reduced the injured area and deep damage of the gastric mucosa induced by GI-R. However, NaHS did not significantly alter the levels of hydrogen sulfide in plasma 14 d after NaHS administration. The gastric protective effect of NaHS during reperfusion could be attenuated by glibenclamide, an ATP-sensitive potassium channel (K(ATP)) blocker. However, K(ATP) opener pinacidil inhibited the GI-R-induced injury. These results suggest that exogenous hydrogen sulfide plays a protective role against GI-R injury in rats possibly through modulation of K(ATP) channel opening.
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Morphology evolution of TiO2 facets and vital influences on photocatalytic activity.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
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Modulation of anatase toward highly active facets has been attracting much attention, but the mechanism and photoactivity are still ambiguous. Here we demonstrate the inherent mechanisms for facets nucleation and morphology evolution, and clarify some vital influences of facets and surface nature on the photoactivity. Simply tuning the Ti/F ratio in the synthetic mixture leads to single anatase crystal exposed with different facets like {001}, {010}, or {110}. And complex sphere structure exposed with {001} facets can be formed by secondary nucleation and growth. Prolonging the hydrothermal treatment time causes selective etching on {001} facets, whereas defluorination via thermal calcination produces many pores on the surface. The photodegradation of positively and negatively charged, and zwitterionic dyes indicates that the type of reactant, adsorption mode and surface area play significant roles in photocatalysis. This work makes a step toward understanding the formation of facet-mediated structure and designing highly active materials for environmental remediation, hydrogen production, and dye-sensitized solar cells.
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Increased poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation in peripheral leukocytes and the reperfused myocardium tissue of rats with ischemia/reperfusion injury: prevention by 3-aminobenzamide treatment.
Shock
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The overactivation of the nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is considered a final common effector in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. The aim of the current study was to examine the precise time course of the activation of PARP in peripheral leukocytes and the reperfused myocardium tissue on myocardial I/R injury from the same rat and to identify the relationship between myocardial infarct size and the degree of PARP activation in circulating leukocytes. Another aim of the study was to test the effect of 3-aminobenzamide (a well-known and widely used PARP inhibitor) on the activation of PARP in the reperfused myocardium and peripheral leukocytes. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activation was measured by Western blotting for its product, poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR). The localization of PARP activation was determined by PAR immunohistochemistry. The results showed that poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation was detected 15 min, peaked 2 to 6 h, and remained markedly detectable 24 h in the reperfused heart after I/R model. Similarly, PAR content of the leukocytes increased in cells isolated just after reperfusion from the same rat. Immunohistochemical studies localized the staining of PAR primarily to the cardiac myocytes and vascular endothelial cells. At 6 h, there was a significant linear correlation between infarct size and PARP activity, whereas at 2 and 24 h, no relationship was found. The PARP inhibitor 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB, 20 mg kg?¹ i.v. injection 15 min before reperfusion, and every 2 h thereafter for 6 h) markedly reduced infarct size through depressing the activation of the enzyme in myocytes and peripheral leukocytes even when the treatment is initiated at 2 h after reperfusion.
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Ti(3+)-defected and V-doped TiO2 quantum dots loaded on MCM-41.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
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V-doped TiO2 quantum dots (QDs) possessing many Ti(3+) defects were fabricated by simple hydrolysis using MCM-41 as a support. The QDs show high charge-separation efficiency and high photocatalytic activity due to the quantum size effect and the newly formed defect- and dopant-mediated band levels.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.