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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Controlling the stereochemistry and regularity of butanethiol self-assembled monolayers on Au(111).
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
PUBLISHED: 11-20-2014
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The rich stereochemistry of the self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of the four butanethiols on Au(111) is described, SAMs containing up to 12 individual C, S, or Au chiral centers per surface unit cell. This is facilitated by synthesis of enantiomerically pure 2-butanethiol (the smallest unsubstituted chiral alkanethiol), followed by in situ scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) imaging combined with density-functional theory (DFT) molecular dynamics STM-image simulations. Even though butanethiol SAMs manifest strong head-group interactions, steric interactions are shown to dominate SAM structure and chirality. Indeed, steric interactions are shown to dictate the nature of the head-group itself: whether it takes on the adatom-bound motif RS•Au(0)S•R or else involves direct binding of RS• to face-centered cubic (FCC) or hexagonal close-packed (HCP) sites. Binding as RS• produces large organizationally chiral domains even when R is achiral, while adatom binding leads to rectangular plane groups that suppress long-range expression of chirality. Binding as RS• also inhibits the pitting intrinsically associated with adatom binding, desirably producing more regularly structured SAMs.
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Comparison of the clinical prognostic and features between the primary breast sarcomas and malignant phyllodes tumor.
Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 11-13-2014
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Primary breast sarcoma is a kind of extremely rare disease. Malignant phyllodes tumor represents a specific subset of breast soft tissue tumors. So till now, the classification and clinical management of primary breast sarcoma and malignant phyllodes tumor are controversial. The aim of this study is to explore the differences in clinical features, treatment, disease-free survival and overall survival between primary breast sarcoma and malignant phyllodes tumor group.
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Ionic Liquid Based Approach for Single-Molecule Electronics with Cobalt Contacts.
Langmuir
PUBLISHED: 11-06-2014
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An electrochemical method is presented for fabricating cobalt thin films for single-molecule electrical transport measurements. These films are electroplated in an aqueous electrolyte, but the crucial stages of electrochemical reduction to remove surface oxide and adsorption of alkane(di)thiol target molecules under electrochemical control to form self-assembled monolayers which protect the oxide-free cobalt surface are carried out in an ionic liquid. This approach yields monolayers on Co that are of comparable quality to those formed on Au by standard self-assembly protocols, as assessed by electrochemical methods and surface infrared spectroscopy. Using an adapted scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) method, we have determined the single-molecule conductance of cobalt/1,8-octanedithiol/cobalt junctions by employing a monolayer on cobalt and a cobalt STM tip in an ionic liquid environment and have compared the results with those of experiments using gold electrodes as a control. These cobalt substrates could therefore have future application in organic spintronic devices such as magnetic tunnel junctions.
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Lipase Ligands in Nelumbo nucifera Leaves and Study of Their Binding Mechanism.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
PUBLISHED: 10-27-2014
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Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) leaves have been widely used in weight-loss foods to prevent obesity in China. In this work, a facile procedure based on ligand fishing was developed to isolate and identify lipase inhibitors present in lotus leaves. Highly stable and active lipase-Fe3O4 superparamagnetic nanoparticle conjugates (LMNPs) were prepared and used as baits. Two flavonoids in lotus leaf extract were found to bind to the baits and were identified as quercetin-3-O-?-d-arabinopyranosyl-(1?2)- ?-d-galactopyranoside (1) and quercetin-3-O-?-d-glucuronide (4) based on electrospray ionization-mass spectrometric analyses. Their 50% inhibitory concentrations on lipase (IC50) were 52.9 ± 3.2 and 17.1 ± 1.5 ?g/mL, respectively. In addition, they were found to significantly quench the fluorescence of lipase, suggesting their strong affinities with this enzyme, which was further evidenced by molecular docking. Ligand fishing based on LMNPs shows great power for fast screening and identification of lipase inhibitors present in edible and medicinal plants.
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[Production of mature red blood cell by using peripheral blood mononuclear cells].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-24-2014
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Most protocols for in vitro producing red blood cells (RBC) use the CD34(+) cells or embryonic stem cells from cord blood, bone marrow or peripheral blood as the start materials. This study was purposed to produce the mature RBC in vitro by using peripheral blood mononuclear cells as start material. The peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) were isolated from buffy coat after blood leukapheresis, the mature red blood cells (RBC) were prepared by a 4-step culture protocol. The results showed that after culture by inducing with the different sets of cytokines and supporting by mouse MS-5 cell line, the expansion of PBMNC reached about 1000 folds at the end of the culture. About 90% of cultured RBC were enucleated mature cells which had the comparable morphological characteristics with normal RBC. Colony-forming assays showed that this culture system could stimulate the proliferation of progenitors in PBMNC and differentiate into erythroid cells. The structure and function analysis indicated that the mean cell volume of in vitro cultured RBC was 118 ± 4 fl, which was slight larger than that of normal RBC (80-100 fl); the mean cell hemoglobin was 36 ± 1.2 pg, which was slight higher than that of normal RBC (27-31 pg); the maximal deformation index was 0.46, which approachs level of normal RBC; the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and pyrurvate kinase levels was consistant with young RBC. It is concluded that PBMNC are feasble, convenient and low-cost source for producing cultured RBC and this culture system is suitable to generate the RBC from PBMNC.
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Extending the shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy approach to interfacial ionic liquids at single crystal electrode surfaces.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 10-18-2014
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We employ, for the first time, a shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhancement strategy to extend Raman spectroscopy studies to single crystal electrode surfaces in ionic liquids, and combine density functional theory (DFT) calculations to elucidate the structural details of the imidazolium-based ionic liquid-Au single crystal electrode interfaces.
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A Clinical Study of New Cases of Parenchymal Neurosyphilis: Tabes Dorsalis has Disappeared or Been Missed?
J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci
PUBLISHED: 10-17-2014
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Tabes dorsalis (TD) was documented as the most common parenchymal neurosyphilis, but its incidence dramatically declined in the antibiotic era. Syphilis has resurged on the China mainland since the 1980s. In recent years, physicians have been reporting parenchymal neurosyphilis, and the overwhelming majority was general paresis, but this was not the case in the authors' hospital. To make clear the real situation of parenchymal neurosyphilis in the authors' hospital, a retrospective review was carried out of the records of patients during 2009-2012. Overrepresented clinical new cases of tabetic and paretic parenchymal neurosyphilis were collected. Clinical characteristics, neuroimaging, laboratory data, and responses to penicillin were analyzed in two groups. The efficiency of two current criteria based on CSF antibodies tests was inspected. In the 43 cases with positive serum rapid plasma reagin (RPR) and TPPA tests, 18 patients met the criteria of this study: 11 presented with symptoms of general paresis, and seven had typical presentations of TD. There were statistical differences in serum RPR titers, CSF RPR, white blood cell count, and TP between the paretic and tabetic groups. The response to penicillin was relatively poor in TD. The efficiency of two current criteria was lower in the diagnosis of TD. TD was not uncommon in our area. Its clinical features remained typical, but underdiagnosis with CSF-based criteria and a decreased response to penicillin were prominent issues.
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Resolving Fine Structures of the Electric Double Layer of Electrochemical Interfaces in Ionic Liquids with an AFM Tip Modification Strategy.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
PUBLISHED: 10-10-2014
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We report enhanced force detection selectivity based on Coulombic interactions through AFM tip modification for probing fine structures of the electric double layer (EDL) in ionic liquids. When AFM tips anchored with alkylthiol molecular layers having end groups with different charge states (e.g., -CH3, -COO(-), and -NH3(+)) are employed, Coulombic interactions between the tip and a specified layering structure are intensified or diminished depending on the polarities of the tip and the layering species. Systematic potential-dependent measurements of force curves with careful inspection of layered features and thickness analysis allows the fine structure of the EDL at the Au(111)-OMIPF6 interface to be resolved at the subionic level. The enhanced force detection selectivity provides a basis for thoroughly understanding the EDL in ionic liquids.
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Aryl Bromides as Inexpensive Starting Materials in the Catalytic Enantioselective Arylation of Aryl Aldehydes: The Additive TMEDA Enhances the Enantioselectivity.
J. Org. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 10-04-2014
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We used aryl bromides as inexpensive starting materials to enantioselectively arylate aldehydes in one pot. Aryl bromides readily transfer aryls to aryllithiums with n-butyllithium, successively to triarylaluminums with aluminum chloride, and then to aryltitaniums with titanium isopropoxide. Finally aryltitaniums arylate aldehydes catalyzed by (S)-H8-BINOL-Ti(Oi-Pr)2 in excellent yields and enantioselectivities. The additive TMEDA evidently suppresses the racemic background reaction promoted by LiCl generated from salt metathesis. This procedure represents a cost-effective and operationally convenient method for enantioenriched diarylmethanols.
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[Determination of polysaccharides content of Gentiana farreri from different producing areas based on anthrone-sulfuric acid method].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-03-2014
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Study a method for the detemination of the content of polysaccharides in Gentiana farreri, and analysis of the content of polysaccharides from different producing areas. The results showed that using the anthrone-sulfuric acid method, simple operation, accurate result. Sample was measured at 620 nm absorbance after anthrone-sulfuric acid color, at this wavelength, solution absorption and glucose showed a good linear relationship; The linearity was in the range of 0.01-0.07 g x L(-1) (r = 0.996 7). The recovery rate was 99.41%, with RSD of 2.0%. Considering the experimental conditions, to determine the solid-liquid ratio 1:60, extracting time 50 min, concentration of ethanol 80%. The mass fraction of polysaccharides was the highest to reached 0.743% in G. farreri from Gansu Xiahe. This experiment has laid a good foundation for further study on G. farreri.
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Enhanced Thermoelectric Efficiency via Orthogonal Electrical and Thermal Conductances in Phosphorene.
Nano Lett.
PUBLISHED: 09-30-2014
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Thermoelectric devices that utilize the Seebeck effect convert heat flow into electrical energy and are highly desirable for the development of portable, solid state, passively powered electronic systems. The conversion efficiencies of such devices are quantified by the dimensionless thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT), which is proportional to the ratio of a device's electrical conductance to its thermal conductance. In this paper, a recently fabricated two-dimensional (2D) semiconductor called phosphorene (monolayer black phosphorus) is assessed for its thermoelectric capabilities. First-principles and model calculations reveal not only that phosphorene possesses a spatially anisotropic electrical conductance, but that its lattice thermal conductance exhibits a pronounced spatial-anisotropy as well. The prominent electrical and thermal conducting directions are orthogonal to one another, enhancing the ratio of these conductances. As a result, ZT may reach the criterion for commercial deployment along the armchair direction of phosphorene at T = 500 K and is close to 1 even at room temperature given moderate doping (?2 × 10(16) m(-2) or 2 × 10(12) cm(-2)). Ultimately, phosphorene hopefully stands out as an environmentally sound thermoelectric material with unprecedented qualities. Intrinsically, it is a mechanically flexible material that converts heat energy with high efficiency at low temperatures (?300 K), one whose performance does not require any sophisticated engineering techniques.
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Four residues of propeptide are essential for precursor folding of nattokinase.
Acta Biochim. Biophys. Sin. (Shanghai)
PUBLISHED: 09-29-2014
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Subtilisin propeptide functions as an intramolecular chaperone that guides precursor folding. Nattokinase, a member of subtilisin family, is synthesized as a precursor consisting of a signal peptide, a propeptide, and a subtilisin domain, and the mechanism of its folding remains to be understood. In this study, the essential residues of nattokinase propeptide which contribute to precursor folding were determined. Deletion analysis showed that the conserved regions in propeptide were important for precursor folding. Single-site and multi-site mutagenesis studies confirmed the role of Tyr10, Gly13, Gly34, and Gly35. During stage (i) and (ii) of precursor folding, Tyr10 and Gly13 would form the part of interface with subtilisin domain. While Gly34 and Gly35 connected with an ?-helix that would stabilize the structure of propeptide. The quadruple Ala mutation, Y10A/G13A/G34A/G35A, resulted in a loss of the chaperone function for the propeptide. This work showed the essential residues of propeptide for precursor folding via secondary structure and kinetic parameter analyses.
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[Subtype classification of ceftriaxone sodium and its influence on the quality of product].
Yao Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 09-20-2014
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Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) technology combined with cluster analysis method was used to classify 75 batches of crystalline ceftriaxone sodium into subtypes, the crystalline characteristics of each subtype were measured with scanning electron microscope (SEM). By comparing some parameters of these subtypes correlated to crystallization process of ceftriaxone sodium, such as salification rate, water content in different subtypes, as well as by studying different lattice stabilities, different compatibilities with rubber closures during accelerated stability tests, the key point to improve the quality of domestic ceftriaxone sodium was disclosed. The results of this paper indicated that the fine structure of the products could be controlled well by improving the salification and crystallization process. As a result, the subtype II of ceftriaxone sodium with high stability can be produced.
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Pseudanoplocephala crawfordi is a member of genus Hymenolepis based on phylogenetic analysis using ribosomal and mitochondrial DNA sequences.
Mitochondrial DNA
PUBLISHED: 09-12-2014
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Abstract Pseudanoplocephala crawfordi is one of the important zoonotic cestodes causing economic significance and public health concern. In the present study, the phylogenetic position of P. crawfordi isolated from pigs was re-inferred using molecular markers of internal transcribed spacer ribosomal DNA (ITS rDNA) and partial NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 (pnad1) mitochondrial DNA. The lengths of ITS1, ITS2 rDNA and pnad1 were 757?bp, 628?bp and 458?bp, respectively. Sequence differences in the ITS1, ITS2 rDNA and pnad1 between P. crawfordi and Hymenolepis species were smaller than that between cestodes within genus Hymenolepis. Phylogenetic analyses based on three gene fragments showed that P. crawfordi was grouped into cluster of Hymenolepis species. These results suggested that P. crawfordi would be one member of genus Hymenolepis but not in a new genus Pseudanoplocephala.
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[Preparation and up-conversion luminescence properties of Yb3+/Tm3+ co-doped Sb2O4 powder].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 09-12-2014
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The Sb2O4:Yb3+, Tm3+ up-conversion luminescence powder with excellent physical, chemical stability and relative low phonon energy was synthesized by the high temperature solid-state reaction and its up-conversion luminescence property was investigated. Under the 980 nm excitation, infrared and blue up-conversion emissions centered at 800 and 480 nm were observed, which were assigned to the 1G4-->3H6 and 3H4-->3 He transitions of Tm2+, respectively. The influence of Yb3+ and Tm3+ concentration on the up-conversion emission property was also obtained. The up-conversion luminescence increases with increasing of Yb3+ and Tm3+ concentration. Additionally, the up-conversion luminescence mechanism was discussed based on the dependence of Tm3+ up-conversion luminescence on pump power. It is interesting that two photon excitation processes for blue and infrared emission were observed in the Sb2O04: Yb3+, Tm3+ powder under a 980 nm excitation. Based on the energy level diagram of Tma3 and Yb2+ ions, we think that two photons blue emission is contributed to the cooperation energy transfer between Tm"+ and Yb3+ ions. We believe that the Sbz04 : Yb3 , Tm2+ up-conversion luminescence powder will have potential application for new optical devices in up-conversion color displays, sensors, detection of infrared radiation, and lasers.
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Ultra-bright alkylated graphene quantum dots.
Nanoscale
PUBLISHED: 09-06-2014
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Highly efficient and stable photoluminescence (PL) are urgently desired for graphene quantum dots (GQDs) to facilitate their prospective applications as optical materials. Here, we report the facile and straightforward synthesis of alkylated graphene quantum dots (AGQDs) via the solvothermal reaction of propagatively alkylated graphene sheets (PAGenes). In contrast to most GQDs reported so far, the synthesized AGQDs process pH-independent and ultra-bright PL with a relative quantum yield of up to 65%. Structural and chemical composition characterization demonstrated that the synthesized AGQDs are nearly oxygen-defect-free with alkyl groups decorated on edges and basal plane, which may contribute to their greatly improved pH tolerance and high quantum efficiency. The photocatalytic performance of AGQDs-P25 nanocomposites was evaluated by the degradation of Rhodamine B under visible light. The photocatalytic rate is ca. 5.9 times higher than that of pure P25, indicating that AGQDs could harness the visible spectrum of sunlight for energy conversion or environmental therapy.
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Simplet/Fam53b is required for Wnt signal transduction by regulating ?-catenin nuclear localization.
Development
PUBLISHED: 09-04-2014
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Canonical ?-catenin-dependent Wnt signal transduction is important for several biological phenomena, such as cell fate determination, cell proliferation, stem cell maintenance and anterior-posterior axis formation. The hallmark of canonical Wnt signaling is the translocation of ?-catenin into the nucleus where it activates gene transcription. However, the mechanisms regulating ?-catenin nuclear localization are poorly understood. We show that Simplet/Fam53B (Smp) is required for Wnt signaling by positively regulating ?-catenin nuclear localization. In the zebrafish embryo, the loss of smp blocks the activity of two ?-catenin-dependent reporters and the expression of Wnt target genes, and prevents nuclear accumulation of ?-catenin. Conversely, overexpression of smp increases ?-catenin nuclear localization and transcriptional activity in vitro and in vivo. Expression of mutant Smp proteins lacking either the nuclear localization signal or the ?-catenin interaction domain reveal that the translocation of Smp into the nucleus is essential for ?-catenin nuclear localization and Wnt signaling in vivo. We also provide evidence that mammalian Smp is involved in regulating ?-catenin nuclear localization: the protein colocalizes with ?-catenin-dependent gene expression in mouse intestinal crypts; siRNA knockdown of Smp reduces ?-catenin nuclear localization and transcriptional activity; human SMP mediates ?-catenin transcriptional activity in a dose-dependent manner; and the human SMP protein interacts with human ?-catenin primarily in the nucleus. Thus, our findings identify the evolutionary conserved SMP protein as a regulator of ?-catenin-dependent Wnt signal transduction.
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Disconnective surgery in posterior quadrantic epilepsy: a series of 12 paediatric patients.
Epileptic Disord
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2014
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To assess the surgical outcomes of temporo-parieto-occipital (TPO) and parieto-occipital (PO) disconnection surgery for children with intractable posterior quadrantic epilepsy and a unilateral posterior quadrant lesion based on MRI and functional imaging abnormality in the TPO region on one side.
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Therapeutic Effects of Fucoidan in 6-Hydroxydopamine-Lesioned Rat Model of Parkinson's disease: Role of NADPH oxidase-1.
CNS Neurosci Ther
PUBLISHED: 08-24-2014
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To explore the effect of fucoidan treatment on oxidative stress-mediated dopaminergic neuronal damage and its potential mechanisms.
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A review on completing arsenic biogeochemical cycle: microbial volatilization of arsines in environment.
J Environ Sci (China)
PUBLISHED: 08-01-2014
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Arsenic (As) is ubiquitous in the environment in the carcinogenic inorganic forms, posing risks to human health in many parts of the world. Many microorganisms have evolved a series of mechanisms to cope with inorganic arsenic in their growth media such as transforming As compounds into volatile derivatives. Bio-volatilization of As has been suggested to play an important role in global As biogeochemical cycling, and can also be explored as a potential method for arsenic bioremediation. This review aims to provide an overview of the quality and quantity of As volatilization by fungi, bacteria, microalga and protozoans. Arsenic bio-volatilization is influenced by both biotic and abiotic factors that can be manipulated/elucidated for the purpose of As bioremediation. Since As bio-volatilization is a resurgent topic for both biogeochemistry and environmental health, our review serves as a concept paper for future research directions.
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Injection of MTX for the treatment of cesarean scar pregnancy: comparison between different methods.
Int J Clin Exp Med
PUBLISHED: 07-15-2014
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The aim of this study was to analyze clinical treatment and outcome of injection MTX for Cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP). We use retrospective study to compare the time in CSP of blood chorionic gonadotropin (?-HCG) and progesterone drooped to the normal, blood flow resistance and hospitalization days. 34 patients diagnosed with CSP were reviewed in our department from 2000 to 2013, including clinical characteristics, early diagnosis, treatment methods and treatment outcome. All patients were divided into B ultrasound-guided gestational MTX inject group (Group one), local intramuscular treatment group (Group two) and uterine artery perfusion MTX group (Group three). All cases had responded well to treatment. Except three cases of local intramuscular serum ?-HCG decreased slowly MTX 10 mg intramuscular again, the average serum ?-HCG decline of 65% the 4th day after treatment. In intramuscular group, the average length of stay is 19 ± 2.1 days. Serum ?-HCG, progesterone recovery time were 20 to 89 days, an average of 54.5 days. B ultrasound-guided group hospital stay were 15 ± 3.1 days, serum ?-HCG, progesterone recovery time were 18 to 71 days, an average of 44.5 days. In Uterine artery embolization group, the average length of stay is 16 ± 2.4 days, serum ?-HCG, progesterone recovery time were 20 to 70 days, an average of 45 days. Statistical data results using T-test and chi-square test analysis. Three groups of ?-HCG, progesterone decreased to normal days the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05), but uterine artery embolization group and ultrasound-guided group B showed no significant difference (P > 0.05). B ultrasound-guided gestational injection of MTX and uterine artery embolization perfusion MTX are the better ways to treat uterine scar pregnancy.
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[Characteristics of carbon storage and its allocation in Erythrophleum fordii plantations with different ages].
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 07-12-2014
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Carbon storage and its allocation of 7-, 29- and 32-year-old Erythrophleum fordii plantation ecosystems in Guangxi were studied on the basis of biomass survey. The results showed that the carbon contents in different organs of E. fordii, ranging from 509.0 to 572.4 g x kg(-1), were in the order of stem > branch > root > bark > leaf. No significant differences in carbon content were observed among the shrub, herb and litter layers of the E. fordii plantations with different ages. Carbon content in the soil layer (0-100 cm) decreased with increasing the soil depth, but increased with increasing the stand age. The carbon storage of the arbor layer was 21.8, 100.0 and 121.6 t x hm(-2) for 7-, 29- and 32-year-old stands, respectively, and the order of carbon storage allocation in different organs was same as the order of carbon content. The 7-, 29- and 32-year-old E. fordii plantation ecosystems stored carbon at 132.6, 220.2 and 242.6 t x hm(-2), respectively. The arbor layer and soil layer were the main carbon pools, accounting for more than 97% of carbon storage in the ecosystem. Carbon storage allocation increased in arbor layer but decreased in soil layer with increasing the stand age. The influence of stand age on carbon storage allocation in shrub, herb and litter layers did not show a obvious regular pattern.
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Short- and long-term effects of Xuezhikang (), an extract of cholestin, on serum proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 levels.
Chin J Integr Med
PUBLISHED: 07-04-2014
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To investigate the short- and long-term effects of Xuezhikang (, XZK), an extract of cholestin, on proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) level.
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Association analysis of common genetic variations in MUC5AC gene with the risk of non-cardia gastric cancer in a Chinese population.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 06-18-2014
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Several lines of evidence suggest that genetic variation in MUC5AC gene might contribute to the risk of gastric cancer. We conducted a case-control study to evaluate the relationship between common genetic variations in MUC5AC gene and non-cardia gastric cancer using an LD-based tagSNP approach in Baotou, north-western China. We genotyped 12 tagSNPs by TaqMan method among 288 cases with non-cardia gastric cancer and 281 normal controls. Unconditional logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for non-cardia gastric cancer risk in association with alleles, genotypes and haplotypes. We observed that the frequencies of rs3793964 C allele and rs11040869 A allele were significantly lower in cases than in controls. Meanwhile, minor allele homozygotes of rs3793964 and rs11040869 were significantly associated with a decreased risk of non-cardia gastric cancer when compared with their major allele homozygotes. Furthermore, a statistically significantly protective effect of rs885454 genotypes on non-cardia gastric cancer was also observed (for CT vs. CC: OR=0.581, 95%CI=0.408-0.829; for CT/TT vs. CC: OR=0.623, 95%CI=0.451-0.884). Our results indicated that some common genetic variations in the MUC5AC gene might have effects on the risk of non-cardia gastric cancer in our studied population.
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[A preliminary study of plasma microRNA levels in children with methylmalonic acidemia].
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 06-14-2014
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To screen out differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) in the plasma of children with methylmalonic acidemia (MMA), to determine the expression of miR-9-1 in plasma and to preliminarily evaluate the significance of miR-9-1 as a biomarker in MMA.
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Intracranial electroencephalography with subdural and/or depth electrodes in children with epilepsy: Techniques, complications, and outcomes.
Epilepsy Res.
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2014
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Intracranial electroencephalographic monitoring with subdural and/or depth electrodes is widely used for the surgical localization of epileptic foci in patients with intractable partial epilepsy; however, data on safety and surgical outcome with this technique are still inadequate. The aims of this study were to assess the morbidity of intracranial recordings and the surgical outcomes in epileptic children. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data for 137 children with epilepsy (mean age at implantation: 12.6±3.8 years) who underwent intracranial monitoring with the implantation of strip or grid subdural electrodes and/or intracerebral depth electrodes from September 2004 to September 2011 at a tertiary epilepsy center in China. Complications were classified using five grades of severity (including mortality) and were further classified as either minor or severe. Outcome was classified according to Engel's classification. Regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for complications. The mean duration of implantation was 5.3±1.3 days. Among the 133 patients who underwent resection, 65 (48.9%) were seizure free (Engel Class I) at last known follow-up, which was >2 years after surgery for all patients. Also, 31 (23.3%) patients had a significant reduction in seizures (Engel Class II). Complications of any type were documented in 29 (21.7%) patients; 15 of these patients had intracranial hematoma. The results of multivariate analysis showed that the only independent risk factor for intracranial hematoma was number of electrode contacts. The most common pathologic diagnosis was focal cortical dysplasia (n=58). Our results showed that intracranial electroencephalographic monitoring in children provides good surgical outcomes and the level of risk is acceptable. When using this technique strategies such as using as few electrode contacts as possible should be adopted to minimize the risk of intracranial hematoma.
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Comparative study of placental ?-microglobulin-1, insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 and nitrazine test to diagnose premature rupture of membranes: a randomized controlled trial.
J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.
PUBLISHED: 06-04-2014
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The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of placental ?-microglobulin-1 (PAMG-1), insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) and nitrazine test to diagnose premature rupture of membranes.
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MMP-2, MMP-3, TIMP-1, TIMP-2, and TIMP-3 protein levels in human aqueous humor: relationship with axial length.
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 05-31-2014
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We measured the aqueous humor levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, and tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMP) TIMP-1, TIMP-2, and TIMP-3 in patients with myopia or cataract, and investigated the relationship between their levels and axial length (AL).
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[Key microbial processes in nitrous oxide emissions of agricultural soil and mitigation strategies].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 05-13-2014
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Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a powerful atmospheric greenhouse gas, which does not only have a strong influence on the global climate change but also depletes the ozone layer and induces the enhancement of ultraviolet radiation to ground surface, so numerous researches have been focused on global climate change and ecological environmental change. Soil is the foremost source of N2O emissions to the atmosphere, and approximately two-thirds of these emissions are generally attributed to microbiological processes including bacterial and fungal denitrification and nitrification processes, largely as a result of the application of nitrogenous fertilizers. Here the available knowledge concerning the research progress in N2O production in agricultural soils was reviewed, including denitrification, nitrification, nitrifier denitrification and dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium, and the abiotic (including soil pH, organic and inorganic nitrogen, organic matter, soil humidity and temperature) and biotic factors that have direct and indirect effects on N2O fluxes from agricultural soils were also summarized. In addition, the strategies for mitigating N2O emissions and the future research direction were proposed. Therefore, these studies are expected to provide valuable and scientific evidence for the study on mitigation strategies for the emission of greenhouse gases, adjustment of nitrogen transformation processes and enhancement of nitrogen use efficiency.
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[Analysis between transforming growth factor beta3 gene sfaNI polymorphism variant and non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate in people of Uygur's nationality and Han's in Xinjiang].
Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-09-2014
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The present study was aimed to explore the relationship of transforming growth factor (TGF) beta3 gene SfaNI polymorphism (rs3917201 locus) and non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) in people of the Uygur's Nationality and Han's in Xinjiang, China. TGFbeta3 gene fragment including SfaNI was amplified and purified as the template of the primer extension reaction thenafter. The single base extension reaction was carried out u sing SNP specific extension primer. The products were purified and analyzed by MALDI-TOF. The test showed that there were not significantly different frequencies of AA, AG, GG genotypes and alleles between the whole NSCL/P group and the whole control group (P > 0.05). Within the Uygurs or Hans, the frequencies of genotypes between the whole NSCL/P group and the whole control group were not significantly different (P > 0.05). The distributions of the A, G alleles between the NSCL/P group and the control group were not significantly different within the Uygurs (P > 0.05), but significant different within the Hans (P < 0.05). In all the NSCL/P patients, frequencies of genotypes and alleles were not significantly different between Uygurs and Hans (P > 0.05), and not significantly different (P > 0.05) either between Uygurs and Hans in all the healthy persons. The results proved that TGFbeta3 gene SfaNI polymorphism may not be related to NSCL/P in Xinjiang Uygur people, while the occurrence of NSCL/P in Han population may be related to frequency of the A and G allele of SfaNI polymorphism.
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Preparation and characterization of magnetic porous carbon microspheres for removal of methylene blue by a heterogeneous Fenton reaction.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
PUBLISHED: 05-06-2014
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High-specific-surface-area magnetic porous carbon microspheres (MPCMSs) were fabricated by annealing Fe(2+)-treated porous polystyrene (PS) microspheres, which were prepared using a two-step seed emulsion polymerization process. The resulting porous microspheres were then sulfonated, and Fe(2+) was loaded by ion exchange, followed by annealing at 250 °C for 1 h under an ambient atmosphere to obtain the PS-250 composite. The MPCMS-500 and MPCMS-800 composites were obtained by annealing PS-250 at 500 and 800 °C for 1 h, respectively. The iron oxide in MPCMS-500 mainly existed in the form of Fe3O4, which was concluded by characterization. The MPCMS-500 carbon microspheres were used as catalysts in heterogeneous Fenton reactions to remove methylene blue (MB) from wastewater with the help of H2O2 and NH2OH. The results indicated that this catalytic system has a good performance in terms of removal of MB; it could remove 40 mg L(-1) of MB within 40 min. After the reaction, the catalyst was conveniently separated from the media within several seconds using an external magnetic field, and the catalytic activity was still viable even after 10 removal cycles. The good catalytic performance of the composites could be attributed to synergy between the functions of the porous carbon support and the Fe3O4 nanoparticles embedded in the carrier. This work indicates that porous carbon spheres provide good support for the development of a highly efficient heterogeneous Fenton catalyst useful for environmental pollution cleanup.
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The expression dynamics of IL-17 and Th17 response relative cytokines in the trachea and spleen of chickens after infection with Cryptosporidium baileyi.
Parasit Vectors
PUBLISHED: 04-28-2014
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Cryptosporidium baileyi is the dominant Cryptosporidium species in birds causing emerging health problems in the poultry industry, and is also a model to study the biology of Cryptosporidium spp.. IL-17 (also called IL-17A) is a hallmark pro-inflammatory cytokine of Th17 cells that plays an important role in several human autoimmune diseases and microbial infection disease of many animals, and it may play a role in Cryptosporidium infection.
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Repeated administration of ketamine can induce hippocampal neurodegeneration and long-term cognitive impairment via the ROS/HIF-1? pathway in developing rats.
Cell. Physiol. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 04-20-2014
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Recent animal experiments have suggested that ketamine administration during development might induce widespread neurodegeneration and long-term cognitive deficits. The underlying mechanism is not fully understood.
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Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy for pancreatic neoplasms: A retrospective study.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 03-30-2014
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To describe the clinical characteristics, technical procedures, and outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (LSPDP) for benign and malignant pancreatic neoplasms.
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Characterization of the complete mitochondrial genomes of Nematodirus oiratianus and Nematodirus spathiger of small ruminants.
Parasit Vectors
PUBLISHED: 03-27-2014
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Nematodirus spp. are among the most common nematodes of ruminants worldwide. N. oiratianus and N. spathiger are distributed worldwide as highly prevalent gastrointestinal nematodes, which cause emerging health problems and economic losses. Accurate identification of Nematodirus species is essential to develop effective control strategies for Nematodirus infection in ruminants. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) could provide powerful genetic markers for identifying these closely related species and resolving phylogenetic relationships at different taxonomic levels.
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A highly efficient white light (Sr3,Ca,Ba)(PO4)3Cl:Eu2+, Tb3+, Mn2+ phosphor via dual energy transfers for white light-emitting diodes.
Inorg Chem
PUBLISHED: 03-21-2014
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A series of single-phased (Sr3-x,Ca1-y-z,Ba)(PO4)3Cl (SCBPO_Cl):xEu(2+), yTb(3+), zMn(2+) phosphors were synthesized by high-temperature solid-state reaction, and luminescent properties of these phosphors were investigated by means of photoluminescence and microcathode luminescence (?-CL). Under UV excitation, white-light emission was obtained from triactivated SCBPO_Cl phosphors via combining three emission bands centered at 450, 543, and 570 nm contributed by Eu(2+), Tb(3+), and Mn(2+), respectively. White-light emission with the three emission bands is further demonstrated in the fluorescence microscope images, CL spectrum, and ?-CL mappings, which strongly confirm that the luminescence distribution of as-prepared SCBPO_Cl:xEu(2+), yTb(3+), zMn(2+) phosphors is very homogeneous. Both spectral overlapping and lifetime decay analyses suggest that dual energy transfers, that is, Eu(2+)?Tb(3+) and Eu(2+)?Mn(2+), play key roles in obtaining the white emission. The International Commission on Illumination value of white emission as well as luminescence quantum yield (51.2-81.4%) can be tuned by precisely controlling the content of Eu(2+), Tb(3+), and Mn(2+). These results suggest that this single-phased SCBPO_Cl:xEu(2+), yTb(3+), zMn(2+) phosphor may have a potential application as a near-UV convertible white-light emission phosphor for phosphor-converted white light-emitting diode.
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Repeated exposure to anesthetic ketamine can negatively impact neurodevelopment in infants: a prospective preliminary clinical study.
J. Child Neurol.
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2014
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Animal experiments indicate that repeated exposure to ketamine adversely affects the developing brain. Whether it has the same effect on infants remains unclear. We recruited infants who were scheduled for 1 to 3 outpatient laser surgery treatments of benign facial growths with ketamine anesthesia. Patients were assigned to the Ket(1), Ket(2), or Ket(3) group, according to the number of treatments. The Bayley Scales of Infant Development-Second Edition (BSID-II) was used to assess neurodevelopmental outcomes before the first and after the last therapy. Levels of S-100? were also measured. Bayley Scales of Infant Development-Second Edition scores after the last procedure were lower than those before the first surgery in the Ket(3) group (P < .05). S-100? levels after the last procedure were significantly higher than those before the first surgery in all groups (P < .05). Our results suggest that 3 or more exposures to anesthetic ketamine have the potential to adversely affect neurodevelopment in infants.
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Intractable occipital lobe epilepsy: clinical characteristics, surgical treatment, and a systematic review of the literature.
Acta Neurochir (Wien)
PUBLISHED: 03-19-2014
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We reported our experience in the surgical treatment of a relatively large cohort of patients with occipital lobe epilepsy (OLE). We also carried out a systematic review of the literature on OLE.
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Outcome after anterior callosal section that spares the splenium in pediatric patients with drop attacks.
Epilepsy Behav
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2014
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We report on the efficacy and safety of extended, one-stage anterior callosal section that spares the splenium, which is performed in a large series of pediatric patients with drop attacks. Twenty-nine pediatric patients with drop attacks were studied (19 males and 10 females; mean age: 9.9 years). As presurgical factors, the age at surgery, age at seizure onset, age at drop attack onset, sex, hemiparesis, severe mental retardation, electroencephalograph abnormalities, magnetic resonance imaging abnormalities, and (18)fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography abnormalities were analyzed. All patients had multiple seizure types, including drop attacks, atypical absence seizures, complex partial seizures, tonic seizures, and generalized tonic-clonic seizures. All patients were developmentally impaired and had electroencephalograph results showing marked secondary bilateral synchrony. All patients received an extended, one-stage callosal section, leaving only the splenium intact. The mean follow-up time was 5.2 years. Seizure outcome (cessation of seizures or ? 90% seizure reduction) was achieved in 79.3% of patients with drop attacks. The families assessed the overall daily function as improved in 62.1% of the patients, unchanged in 24.1%, and worse in 13.8%. Family satisfaction with callosotomy was achieved in 82.8% of the patients. The majority of the patients had some degree of a transient acute postoperative disconnection syndrome that disappeared within 3 weeks. Postoperatively, patients showed a consistent increase in attention levels. We conclude that extended callosal sectioning that leaves the splenium intact should be considered a good palliative surgical option for pediatric patients with drop attacks and that diminishment of epileptic discharge synchrony is a good prognostic sign following callosotomy. We also found that the postoperative increase in attention levels was as useful as seizure control in improving the quality of life of these patients.
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Significance of red cell distribution width measurement for the patients with isolated coronary artery ectasia.
J Transl Med
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2014
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Red cell distribution width (RDW) has been recognized as a novel marker for several cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between RDW levels and the presence of isolated coronary artery ectasia (CAE).
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Human aqueous humor levels of TGF- ?2: relationship with axial length.
Biomed Res Int
PUBLISHED: 03-01-2014
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To analyze the relationship between transforming growth factor-beta 2 (TGF- ? 2) levels in the anterior chamber aqueous humor and axial length of patients with myopia.
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Apolipoprotein C3 (-455T>C) polymorphism confers susceptibility to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in the Southern Han Chinese population.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 02-26-2014
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To investigate the relationship between Apolipoprotein C3 (APOC3) (-455T>C) polymorphism and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the Southern Chinese Han population.
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Epigenetic changes associated with neoplasms of the exocrine and endocrine pancreas.
Discov Med
PUBLISHED: 02-19-2014
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Early detection and multi-modality curative treatment for pancreatic cancer remain unsatisfactory due to the insufficient understanding of the mechanisms underlying tumor progression. Epigenetic events, including aberrant methylation of tumor suppressor gene promoter regions, may contribute to tumorigenesis involving both the exocrine and endocrine pancreas. Methylation changes of specific gene promoter regions were examined in 48 resected neoplasms of the exocrine and endocrine pancreas, which were obtained as paraffin-embedded tissue samples. The pancreatic neoplasms included acinar cell carcinoma (n=12), adenocarcinoma (n=18), and islet cell tumors (n=18). DNA methylation was determined with a nested methylation-specific PCR (MSP) technique incorporating an initial bisulfite modification of tumor DNA for the promoter regions associated with 14 tumor suppressor genes. In decreasing order, the 6 most frequently methylated genes were: APC 50%, BRCA1 46%, p16INK4a 35%, p15INK4b 35%, RAR? 35%, and p73 33%. Overall, 94% of the tumors had methylation of at least one gene, and methylation of two or more genes was present in 69% of pancreatic tumors. Pancreatic adenocarcinomas had patterns of gene methylation that differed from pancreatic endocrine tumors. These differences were most notable for the APC and hMLH1 genes.
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Enhanced circulating PCSK9 concentration by berberine through SREBP-2 pathway in high fat diet-fed rats.
J Transl Med
PUBLISHED: 01-28-2014
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Berberine (BBR), a natural plant extract, has been shown to improve lipid metabolism. However, its effects on PCSK9, a key factor involving in the lipid metabolism, have not yet been evaluated in vivo. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of BBR on PCSK9 expression in high fat diet-fed (HFD) rats.
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The impact of caregivers on the effectiveness of an early community mental health detection and intervention programme in Hong Kong.
Early Interv Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 01-19-2014
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The prevalence rate of mental illness in Chinese communities is high, but Chinese clients tend to underutilize mental health services. Caregivers may play an important role in mental health early detection and intervention, but few studies have investigated their roles in community mental health services. This study compared the effectiveness of an early detection and intervention programme, the Community Mental Health Intervention Project, for two groups in the context of Hong Kong - clients with and without caregivers.
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Effects of resveratrol on apoptosis in a rat model of vascular dementia.
Exp Ther Med
PUBLISHED: 01-16-2014
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Resveratrol is a natural polyphenol widely present in plants, particularly in the skin of red grapes and in wine. It possesses a wide range of biological effects and exhibits neuroprotective effects in numerous diseases. However, data evaluating the effects of resveratrol in vascular dementia (VaD) are lacking. In the present study, the permanent, bilateral common carotid artery occlusion rat model was used to study the effects of resveratrol on VaD. The Morris water maze was used to test the spatial learning and memory performance of the rats. The expression levels of Bax, Bcl-2, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in the hippocampus were measured. The results showed that resveratrol inhibited memory impairment in the VaD rat model, and attenuated the increases in the expression levels of Bax, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP and the reductions in the expression levels of Bcl-2 that were induced by VaD. These results provide a novel insight into the neuroprotective effects of resveratrol and its possible therapeutic role in VaD.
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Ratchet rotation of a 3D dimer on a vibrating plate.
Eur Phys J E Soft Matter
PUBLISHED: 01-16-2014
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This work studies the dynamics of a 3D dimer bouncing upon a horizontal plate undergoing a vertical harmonic vibration. Despite complex interactions within the system due to impacts and friction, numerical simulation shows that, under certain conditions prescribed for the dynamics, the center of mass of the dimer, when projected onto a horizontal plane, will follow a circular orbit. The phenomenon is like a particle under Coulomb friction performing a ratchet motion that rotates around. Investigations further reveal that the dimer dynamics bear some typical characteristics of a nonlinear system, including sensitivity to the initial conditions and bifurcation behaviors related to the physical parameters of the dynamics. Our results indicate that the coefficient of restitution and the plate's vibration intensity play critical roles in exciting the circular orbit, while the dimer's geometry and the vibration frequency mainly influence the trajectory characteristics. These findings may help understand transport mechanisms underlying systems of granular matter with anisotropic particles.
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Perineural dexmedetomidine attenuates inflammation in rat sciatic nerve via the NF-?B pathway.
Int J Mol Sci
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2014
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Recent studies have shown that dexmedetomidine exerts an anti-inflammatory effect by reducing serum levels of inflammatory factors, however, the up-stream mechanism is still unknown. The transcription factor NF-?B enters the nucleus and promotes the transcription of its target genes, including those encoding the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-?. In this study, we established a rat model that simulates a clinical surgical procedure to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of perineural administration of dexmedetomidine and the underlying mechanism. Dexmedetomidine reduced the sciatic nerve levels of IL-6 and TNF-? at both the mRNA and protein level. Dexmedetomidine also inhibited the translocation of activated NF-?B to the nucleus and the binding activity of NF-?B. The anti-inflammatory effect is confirmed to be dose-dependent. Finally, pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate also reduced the levels of IL-6 and TNF-? and the activation of NF-?B. In conclusion, dexmedetomidine inhibited the nuclear translocation and binding activity of activated NF-?B, thus reducing inflammatory cytokines.
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Omentin-1 promotes the growth of neural stem cells via activation of Akt signaling.
Mol Med Rep
PUBLISHED: 01-13-2014
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Omentin is a novel adipokine, which is expressed in and released from omental adipose tissue. In the present study, the effect of omentin on neural stem cells (NSCs) was investigated. NSCs are a subtype of stem cell in the nervous system, which are able to self?renew and generate neurons and glia for repairing neural lesions. Mouse NSCs were isolated and cultured in vitro. Treatment with recombinant omentin for 3 and 5 days significantly increased the size of NSC neurospheres (P<0.01) and enhanced NSC cell viability in normal conditions. In addition, omentin protected against the decrease in cell viability induced by the pro?inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor??. In the NSCs, incubation of omentin for 2, 4, 6, 8 and 16 h enhanced the phosphorylation of Akt at the Thr308 site and of AS160 at the Ser318 site, peaking 6 h after treatment. Additionally, treatment with LY294002 (10 µM), a specific inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3?kinase/Akt signaling, eliminated the omentin?induced increase in neurosphere size and cell viability. Overall, the present study provided the first evidence, to the best of our knowledge, that omentin promotes the growth and survival of NSCs in vitro through activation of the Akt signaling pathway. These results may contribute to the understanding of the role of omentin in the nervous system.
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Arsenic uptake by rice is influenced by microbe-mediated arsenic redox changes in the rhizosphere.
Environ. Sci. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2014
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Arsenic (As) uptake by rice is largely determined by As speciation, which is strongly influenced by microbial activities. However, little is known about interactions between root and rhizosphere microbes, particularly on arsenic oxidation and reduction. In this study, two rice cultivars with different radial oxygen loss (ROL) ability were used to investigate the impact of microbially mediated As redox changes in the rhizosphere on As uptake. Results showed that the cultivar with higher ROL (Yangdao) had lower As uptake than that with lower ROL (Nongken). The enhancement of the rhizospheric effect on the abundance of the arsenite (As(III)) oxidase gene (aroA-like) was greater than on the arsenate (As(V)) reductase gene (arsC), and As(V) respiratory reductase gene (arrA), resulting in As oxidation and sequestration in the rhizosphere, particularly for cultivar Yangdao. The community of As(III)-oxidizing bacteria in the rhizosphere was dominated by ?-Proteobacteria and ?-Proteobacteria and was influenced by rhizospheric effects, rice straw application, growth stage, and cultivar. Application of rice straw into the soil increased As release and accumulation into rice plants. These results highlighted that uptake of As by rice is influenced by microbial processes, especially As oxidation in the rhizosphere, and these processes are influenced by root ROL and organic matter application.
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Clinical observation of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer.
Int J Clin Exp Med
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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To evaluate safety, feasibility and the improvement of surgical method of laparoscopic extensive hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection in patients with early-stage cervical cancer. Clinical data were prospectively collected from patients with IA2-IIA cervical cancer who underwent laparoscopic extensive hysterectomy (n1=22) and laparotomy (n2=23) in Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in the Subei People's Hospital from June 2010 to August 2013. The successful rates in two groups of operation were 100%. Blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, complication rate, postoperative recovery of gastrointestinal tract and bladder function of the laparoscopy group of the laparoscopic group were all better than those of the laparotomy group, and there were significant differences (all P < 0.05). But in the laparoscopy group, the operative time was longer than the laparotomy group with statistical significance (P < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the number of excised lymph nodes and the duration time of postoperative urinary catheterization between the two groups (P > 0.05). Laparoscopic extensive hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection can fully meet the requirement of laparotomy. It has the properties of minor trauma and rapid recovery. The clinical efficacy is superior to laparotomy surgery. The results indicated laparoscopic is an ideal method for the treatment of early cervical cancer.
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Laparoscopic resection of synchronous gastric cancer and primary small intestinal lymphoma: a case report.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Synchronous gastric cancer and primary small intestinal lymphoma are extremely rare. A 49-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with a history of upper abdominal pain for two weeks and was diagnosed with synchronous cancer. During hospitalization, the patient underwent laparoscopic distal gastrectomy + resection of bilateral ovaries + partial resection of both small intestine and descending colon. Pathological examination revealed a synchronous cancer consisting of early gastric cancer with poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma located in mucosa, with lymph node metastasis (3+/29) (T1N1M0, stage IB); and diffuse large B cell lymphoma of small intestine involving descending colon and bilateral ovaries, with lymph node metastasis (2+/5) (Ann Arbor IIE). The patient recovered well, without any obvious complications and was discharged on post-operative day 7. The patient received six cycles of chemotherapy after operation. She has been doing well with no evidence of recurrence for 13 mo.
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The involvement of NFAT transcriptional activity suppression in SIRT1-mediated inhibition of COX-2 expression induced by PMA/Ionomycin.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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SIRT1, a class III histone deacetylase, acts as a negative regulator for many transcription factors, and plays protective roles in inflammation and atherosclerosis. Transcription factor nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) has been previously shown to play pro-inflammatory roles in endothelial cells. Inhibition of NFAT signaling may be an attractive target to regulate inflammation in atherosclerosis. However, whether NFAT transcriptional activity is suppressed by SIRT1 remains unknown. In this study, we found that SIRT1 suppressed NFAT-mediated transcriptional activity. SIRT1 interacted with NFAT, and the NHR and RHR domains of NFAT mediated the interaction with SIRT1. Moreover, we found that SIRT1 primarily deacetylated NFATc3. Adenoviral over-expression of SIRT1 suppressed PMA and calcium ionophore Ionomycin (PMA/Io)-induced COX-2 expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), while SIRT1 RNAi reversed the effects in HUVECs. Moreover, inhibition of COX-2 expression by SIRT1 in PMA/Io-treated HUVECs was largely abrogated by inhibiting NFAT activation. Furthermore, SIRT1 inhibited NFAT-induced COX-2 promoter activity, and reduced NFAT binding to the COX-2 promoter in PMA/Io-treated HUVECs. These results suggest that suppression of NFAT transcriptional activity is involved in SIRT1-mediated inhibition of COX-2 expression induced by PMA/Io, and that the negative regulatory mechanisms of NFAT by SIRT1 may contribute to its anti-inflammatory effects in atherosclerosis.
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Clinical analysis of endometrial cancer patients with obesity, diabetes, and hypertension.
Int J Clin Exp Med
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The purpose of our study was to study the postoperation outcome and incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in endometrial cancer (EC) patients with or without hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. This analysis included 219 patients with endometrial carcinoma who were treated between 2002 and 2012 at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yangzhou University Hospital. Patients were divided into five groups based on the comorbidities. Group 1 EC & Diabetes, Group 2 EC & Hypertension, Group 3 EC & Obesity, Group 4 EC Combined two, Group 5 no combined. Then the five groups were analyzed in postoperation outcomes and DVT incidence using one-way analysis of variance or Pearson ?(2) tests. we found that there was no significant difference in pelvic lymph node metastasis (P=0.102), aortic lymph node metastasis (P=0.221), and operative time (P=0.503). But there was significant difference in blood loss (P<0.01), hospital stay (P<0.01). No significant difference (P>0.05) in treatment outcome between surgical operation, surgical operation+ radiotherapy and radiotherapy. Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism have some significantly (P<0.01) (P<0.01), respectively. Compared to patients who simply suffer from endometrial cancer, diabetes make patients easy bleeding in surgery and increase hospitalization time in corresponding. VTE is a common complication of EC surgery with comorbidities, such as diabetes and hypertension, and it's a remarkable proportion of events occurring late after surgery.
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Spit for Science: launching a longitudinal study of genetic and environmental influences on substance use and emotional health at a large US university.
Front Genet
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Finding genes involved in complex behavioral outcomes, and understanding the pathways by which they confer risk, is a challenging task, necessitating large samples that are phenotypically well characterized across time. We describe an effort to create a university-wide research project aimed at understanding how genes and environments impact alcohol use and related substance use and mental health outcomes across time in college students. Nearly 70% of the incoming freshman class (N = 2715) completed on-line surveys, with 80% of the students from the fall completing spring follow-ups. 98% of eligible participants also gave DNA. The participants closely approximated the university population in terms of gender and racial/ethnic composition. Here we provide initial results on alcohol use outcomes from the first wave of the sample, as well as associated predictor variables. We discuss the potential for this kind of research to advance our understanding of genetic and environment influences on substance use and mental health outcomes.
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Hypermethylation of Sp1 binding site suppresses hypothalamic POMC in neonates and may contribute to metabolic disorders in adults: impact of maternal dietary CLA.
Diabetes
PUBLISHED: 12-30-2013
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Epigenetic regulation of neuropeptide genes associated with central appetite control plays an important part in the development of nutritional programming. While POMC is critical in appetite control, the molecular mechanism of methylation-related regulation of POMC remains unclear. Based on the report that the proximal Sp1 binding site in POMC promoter is crucial for the leptin-mediated activation of POMC, the methylation of this site was investigated here in both cultured cells and postnatal mice reared by the dams with dietary supplementation of CLA. The change of milk composition made the offspring undergo the increase of food intake, the suppression of POMC, the attenuation of Sp1-promoter interaction and the hypermethylation of CpG dinucleotides at -100 and -103 within Sp1 binding site of POMC promoter, which may be associated with the decrease of hypothalamic Sp1 and/or plasma S-adenosylhomocystein. In cultured cells the methylation of the -100 CpG dinucleotides of POMC promoter blocked both the formation of Sp1-promoter complex and the leptin-induced activation of POMC. In addition, a catch-up growth and adult metabolic changes like adult hyperglycemia and insulin resistance were observed in these postnatal pups, suggesting that this CLA-mediated hypermethylation may contribute, at least in part, to the metabolic disorders.
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[The diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms].
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-17-2013
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To analyze the prognostic factors of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PNEN).
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[Early secretory antigenic target protein-6/culture filtrate protein-10 fusion protein-specific Th1 and Th2 response and its diagnostic value in tuberculous pleural effusion].
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-10-2013
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To detect the Th1 and Th2 cell percentage in pleural effusion mononuclear cells (PEMCs) stimulated by early secretory antigenic target protein-6 (ESAT-6)/culture filtrate protein-10 (CFP-10) fusion protein (E/C) with flow cytometry (FCM), and therefore to explore the local antigen specific Th1 and Th2 response and its diagnostic value in tuberculous pleuritis.
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Epigenetic silencing of CXCL14 induced colorectal cancer migration and invasion.
Discov Med
PUBLISHED: 10-09-2013
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To explore epigenetic regulation and the impact of chemokine CXCL14 on colorectal cancer, 7 colorectal cancer cell lines, 107 cases of primary colorectal cancer, and 10 cases of normal colorectal mucosa were evaluated in this study. Methylation specific PCR (MSP), semi-quantitative reverse-transcription PCR (RT-PCR), cell proliferation assay, colony formation, and transwell assay were performed for the evaluation. Complete methylation and loss of CXCL14 expression were found in 5 colorectal cancer cell lines. Partial methylation and weak expression were found in two cell lines. CXCL14 was methylated in 79.4% (85/107) of primary human colorectal cancer. No methylation was found in 10 cases of normal colorectal mucosa. Restoration of CXCL14 expression was induced by the 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine (DAC) treatment. The cell viability was reduced and colony formation was inhibited by restoration of CXCL14 expression in HCT116 cells, a colorectal cancer cell line. The number of invasive and migration cells was reduced by CXCL14. The expression of MMP-2, Vimentin, and NF-?B was suppressed, and the expression of E-cadherin and I?B-? was induced by CXCL14. In conclusion, CXCL14 is frequently methylated in human colorectal cancer and promoter region hypermethylation silenced CXCL14 expression in colorectal cancer cells. Restoration of CXCL14 expression suppressed colorectal cancer proliferation. CXCL14 inhibits colorectal cancer migration, invasion, and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by suppressing NF-?B signaling.
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Molecular identification of Pomacea canaliculata and P. insularum from rice paddy in different origins in China using mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate subunit 6 gene.
Mitochondrial DNA
PUBLISHED: 10-05-2013
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Abstract To identify Pomacea canaliculata and P. insularum using a molecular approach, the partial sequences of mitochondrial (mt) adenosine triphosphate subunit 6 (patp6) genes of two apple snails species from eight provinces of China were obtained. The intra-specific variations in mt patp6 within P. canaliculata were 0-4.5%, and no sequence difference in this region was observed within P. insularum. However, high inter-specific variations between P. canaliculata and P. insularum were detected, with sequence differences of 8.9-10.1%. Phylogenetic analyses based on sequences of mt patp6 revealed that P. canaliculata and P. insularum were grouped in different clades, but the genetic trees could not reveal geographically genetic relationships of P. canaliculata isolates from different origins. These findings will provide basic information for further study of molecular epidemiology and control of Pomacea invasion in China as well as in the world.
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AgX/graphite-like C(3)N(4) (X = Br, I) hybrid materials for photoelectrochemical determination of copper(II) ion.
Analyst
PUBLISHED: 09-19-2013
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A novel photoelectrochemical strategy has been designed for the detection of Cu(2+) with AgX/g-C3N4 (X = Br, I) hybrid materials. The present study can serve as a foundation for the application of AgX/g-C3N4 hybrid materials in photoelectron-chemical ion sensing. It can be successfully applied to the detection of copper in human hair samples.
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[Quantitative real-time PCR for target periodontal bacteria in subgingival plaque before and after local delivery of periocline, scaling and root planning].
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue
PUBLISHED: 07-16-2013
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To compare the copy number of Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) and Prevotella intermedia (Pi) in subgingival plaque before and after local delivery of periocline (2% minocycline hydrochloride ointment, MO), scaling and root planning (SRP) by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and evaluate the efficacy.
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Quantitative analyses of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO) large-subunit genes (cbbL) in typical paddy soils.
FEMS Microbiol. Ecol.
PUBLISHED: 07-09-2013
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The Calvin cycle is known to be the major pathway for CO2 fixation, but our current understanding of its occurrence and importance in paddy soils is poor. In this study, the diversity of three ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase large-subunit genes (cbbLG, cbbLR, cbbM) was investigated by clone library, T-RFLP, qPCR, and enzyme assay in five paddy soils in China. The cbbLG sequences revealed a relatively low level of diversity and were mostly related to the sequences of species from Thiobacillus. In contrast, highly diverse cbbLR and cbbM sequences were dispersed on the phylogenetic trees, and most of them were distantly related to known sequences, even forming separate clusters. Abundances of three cbbL genes ranged from 10(6) to 10(9)  copies g(-1) soil, and cbbLR outnumbered cbbM and cbbLG in all soil samples, indicating that cbbLR may play a more important role than other two cbbL genes. Soil properties significantly influenced cbbL diversity in five paddy soils, of which clay content, C/N ratio, CEC, pH, and SOC correlated well with variations in microbial composition and abundance. In summary, this study provided a comparison of three cbbL genes, advancing our understanding of their role in carbon sequestration and nutrient turnover in the paddy soil.
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Effects of demographics on the antihypertensive efficacy of triple therapy with amlodipine, valsartan, and hydrochlorothiazide for moderate to severe hypertension.
Curr Med Res Opin
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2013
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To compare the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of once-daily triple therapy with amlodipine (Aml) 10 mg, valsartan (Val) 320 mg, and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 25 mg versus dual-therapy combinations of these components in patients with moderate to severe hypertension. Research design: Subgroup analysis of a multinational, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, active-controlled trial.
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A simple high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of brazilin and its application to a pharmacokinetic study in rats.
J Ethnopharmacol
PUBLISHED: 06-27-2013
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Caesalpinia sappan is a medicinal plant native to China popularly used to treat chronic pelvic inflammation, dysmenorrhea and hysteromyoma. Its main bioactive component is brazilin which had presented antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and anti-platelet aggregation activities. To establish a sensitive, selective, reproducible, and accurate high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method for the quantitative determination of brazilin in plasma, and study the pharmacokinetics of brazilin in rats after intravenous administration of brazilin.
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Genetic variability in the three mitochondrial genes among Oesophagostomum asperum isolates from different regions in Shaanxi and Hunan Provinces, China.
Mitochondrial DNA
PUBLISHED: 06-24-2013
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Abstract The present study examined sequence variations in three mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) regions, namely, NADH dehydrogenase subunit 5 (nad5), adenosine triphosphate subunit 6 (atp6) and cytochrome c oxidase subunit 3 (cox3), among Oesophagostomum asperum isolates from different regions in Shaanxi and Hunan provinces, China. The lengths for partial sequences of nad5 (pnad5), atp6 (patp6) and cox3 (pcox3) were 427?bp, 381?bp and 337?bp, respectively. The intra-specific sequence variations among all O. asperum samples were 0-2.11%, 0-1.84% and 0-1.48% for pnad5, patp6 and pcox3, respectively, while the inter-specific sequence differences among Oesophagostomum species in pig and small ruminants were 18-21.3% for pnad5, 18.3-24.5% for patp6 and 10.6-13.7% for pcox3. A phylogenetic analysis based on combined sequences of three mtDNA fragments indicated that all O. asperum isolates were grouped in one solid clade, and the Oesophagostomum spp. from pig were located in another clade. However, these mtDNA fragments could not reveal genetic relationships of geographical isolates of O. asperum in China. These results provided valuable information for studying population genetics of Oesophagostomum spp., and for controlling Oesophagostomum infection in animals as well as humans.
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Arsenic methylation in soils and its relationship with microbial arsM abundance and diversity, and as speciation in rice.
Environ. Sci. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 06-21-2013
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Methylation of arsenic in soil influences its environmental behavior and accumulation by plants, but little is known about the factors affecting As methylation. As speciation was determined in the pore waters of six soils from diverse geographical locations over 54 days of incubation under flooded conditions. The concentration of methylated As (monomethylarsonic acid, MMA, and dimethylarsinic acid, DMA) varied from 0 to 85 ?g L(-1) (0 - 69% of the total As in pore water). Two Bangladeshi paddy soils contaminated by irrigation of As-laden groundwater produced large concentrations of inorganic As but relatively little methylated As. Two contaminated paddy soils from China produced a transient peak of DMA during the early phase of incubation. Methylated As represented considerable proportions of the total soluble As in the two uncontaminated soils from the UK and U.S. The copy number of the microbial arsenite methyltransferase gene (arsM) correlated positively with soil pH. However, pore-water methylated As correlated negatively with pH or arsM copy number, and positively with dissolved organic C. GeoChip assay revealed considerable arsM diversity among the six soils, with 27-35 out of 66 sequences in the microarray being detected. As speciation in rice plants grown in the soils generally mirrored that in the pore water. The results suggest that methylated As species in plants originated from the soil and As methylation in soil was influenced strongly by the soil conditions.
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Increased red cell distribution width in patients with slow coronary flow syndrome.
Clinics (Sao Paulo)
PUBLISHED: 06-20-2013
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An elevated red cell distribution width has been recognized as a predictor of various cardiovascular diseases. Slow coronary flow syndrome is an important angiographic clinical entity with an unknown etiology. This study aimed to examine the relationship between red cell distribution width and the presence of slow coronary flow syndrome.
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Changes in platelet GPIb? and ADAM17 during the acute stage of atherosclerotic ischemic stroke among Chinese.
J. Huazhong Univ. Sci. Technol. Med. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 06-17-2013
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Glycoprotein (GP) Ib? ectodomain shedding has important implications for thrombosis and hemostasis. A disintegrin and metalloproteinase 17 (ADAM17) was identified to play an essential role in agonist induced GPIb? shedding. The relationship of GPIb? shedding and ADAM17 in the acute stage of atherosclerotic ischemic stroke (AIS) patients has not been thoroughly studied. A total of 306 patients and 230 controls matched for age, sex, race, history of hypertension and diabetes mellitus were enrolled in the study. GPIb?, ADAM17, glycocalicin were detected by flow cytometry, Western blotting, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) respectively. Compared with the control group, the expression of GPIb? in patients with acute ischemic stroke was significantly lower (P=0.000, P<0.01). Plasma glycocalicin and ADAM17 in AIS group were higher than those in control group (P=0.699, P=0.000). Pearsons analysis showed glycocalicin bore no correlation with GPIb? in AIS patients (r=0.095, P>0.05). GPIb? and National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) had negative correlation (r=-0.514, P<0.01). Our findings indicate that ADAM17 may be a risk factor for ischemic stroke in Chinese and the expression of GPIb? can serve as a measure for stroke severity.
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