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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Identification of two secreted ferritin subunits involved in immune defense of Yesso scallop Patinopecten yessoensis.
Fish Shellfish Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 01-03-2014
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As an important iron storage protein, ferritin plays a crucial role in the iron-withholding defense system. In this study, two secreted ferritin subunits (PyFerS1 and PyFerS2) were identified from the Yesso scallop, Patinopecten yessoensis. The complete DNA sequences of the two ferritins are 7101 and 5359 bp, consisting of seven and five exons, respectively. The full-length cDNAs of PyFerS1 and PyFerS2 are 960 and 956 bp in length, encoding 228 and 220 amino acids, respectively. They have typical ferritin structures, with four long ?-helices, one short ?-helix and an L-loop. Signal peptides were found at the N-terminus of both ferritins, and phylogenetic analysis showed that they both clustered with secreted mollusc ferritins. PyFerS1 possesses all seven conserved residues of the ferroxidase center, whereas PyFerS2 only has two. Real-time PCR analysis indicated high expression level of PyFerS2 in the D-shaped larvae, and PyFerS1 in both D-shaped larvae and fertilized eggs. In adult scallops, PyFerS1 was only detected in the hepatopancreas, whereas PyFerS2 was detected in both hepatopancreas and mantle. After the scallops were challenged by iron ion or bacteria Vibrio anguillarum, the expression of both PyFerS1 and PyFerS2 was significantly elevated, suggesting they may play a role in scallop innate immune defense. For the first time, secreted ferritins were cloned and comprehensively characterized in bivalve molluscs. It will assist in better understanding of the role of secreted ferritins in bivalve innate immunity.
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A scallop IGF binding protein gene: molecular characterization and association of variants with growth traits.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Scallops represent economically important aquaculture shellfish. The identification of genes and genetic variants related to scallop growth could benefit high-yielding scallop breeding. The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system is essential for growth and development, with IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) serving as the major regulators of IGF actions. Although an effect of IGF on growth was detected in bivalve, IGFBP has not been reported, and members of the IGF system have not been characterized in scallop.
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Identification and characterization of four ferritin subunits involved in immune defense of the Yesso scallop (Patinopecten yessoensis).
Fish Shellfish Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2013
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As a primary iron storage protein, ferritin plays a vital role in iron homeostasis and innate immunity. In this study, four ferritin subunits (PyFer1, PyFer2, PyFer3, and PyFer4) were cloned from the Yesso scallop, Patinopecten yessoensis, by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) following in silico transcriptome analysis. The full-length cDNAs of the four ferritins are 895, 920, 891, and 1400 bp in length, respectively, and each contains a putative iron response element (IRE) in its 5 UTR. Meanwhile, multiple A+U-destabilizing elements (TATT or ATTTA) are present in the 3 UTRs of PyFer2 and PyFer4. The open reading frames of the four ferritins are 522, 516, 516, and 519 bp, encoding 173, 171, 171, and 172 amino acids, respectively. These proteins have typical ferritin structures, with four long ?-helices, one short ?-helix and an L-loop. All of the predicted proteins possess both the ferroxidase center of mammalian H ferritins (E25, Y32, E59, E60, H63, E105, and Q139) and the iron nucleation site of mammalian L ferritins (H116, D129, and E132), and the recombinant proteins possess apparent ferroxidase activity. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis revealed that the expression of the four PyFers was significantly elevated at the D-shaped stage and was relatively high in the adult mantle and hepatopancreas. Furthermore, the four PyFers were significantly up-regulated by iron or bacterial challenge, and all four purified recombinant PyFers were able to inhibit the growth of the scallop pathogen Vibrio anguillarum. These results suggest that these PyFers are likely to play important roles in many fundamental biological processes in P. yessoensis, including immune defense, iron homeostasis, and shell development.
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Identification of reference genes for qRT-PCR analysis in Yesso scallop Patinopecten yessoensis.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Bivalves comprise around 30,000 extant species and have received much attention for their importance in ecosystems, aquaculture and evolutionary studies. Despite the increasing application of real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) in gene expression studies on bivalve species, little research has been conducted on reference gene selection which is critical for reliable and accurate qRT-PCR analysis. For scallops, systematic evaluation of reference genes that can be used among tissues or embryo/larva stages is lacking, and ?-actin (ACT) is most frequently used as qRT-PCR reference gene without validation.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.