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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Benzimidazole derivatives: Selective fluorescent chemosensor for the picogram detection of picric acid.
J. Org. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 11-12-2014
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1,3,5-Tri(1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)benzene derivatives as a new kind of fluorescent chemosensors for the detection of nitroaromatic explosives are designed and synthesized by simple N-hydrocarbylation. Among 16 obtained compounds, compound 4g has the best detection effect for picric acid (PA) with good selectivity and high sensitivity. The detection of PA with 4g solution-coated paper strips at picogram level is developed. A simple, portable and low-cost method for detecting PA in solution and contact mode is provided.
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Cord blood C-peptide, insulin, HbA1c, and lipids levels in small- and large-for-gestational-age newborns.
Med. Sci. Monit.
PUBLISHED: 10-31-2014
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Small- and large-for-gestational-age (SGA, LGA) newborns are associated with metabolic syndrome in their later life. Cord blood C-peptide, insulin, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and lipids levels may be altered in SGA and LGA newborns; however, the results are conflicting. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the effect of cord blood markers on SGA and LGA newborns.
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[Effects of twirling-rotating reinforcing and reducing technique for left ventricular morphology, concentration of ET-1 and expression of type I, III collagen mRNA in spontaneous hypertensive rats].
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu
PUBLISHED: 10-23-2014
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To explore the effect differences between twirling-rotating reinforcing and reducing technique of acupuncture on cardiac damage in spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR).
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A Meta-analysis of the Protective Effect of Recombinant Human Erythropoietin (rhEPO) for Neurodevelopment in Preterm Infants.
Cell Biochem. Biophys.
PUBLISHED: 10-11-2014
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The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) for improving neurodevelopment outcomes in preterm infants. According to the requirements of Cochrane systematic review, a literature search was performed among PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan Fang Data, and VIP INFORMATION from the establishment of the database from January 1999 to December 2011. Quality assessments of clinical trials were carried out. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-RCTs with rhEPO in preterm infants were enrolled, and RevMan5.0 software was used for meta-analysis. Data extraction, quality assessment, and meta-analysis for the results of homogeneous studies were done by two reviewers. The trials were analyzed using weighted mean difference (WMD) for continuous data and odds ratio (OR) for dichotomous data, both kinds of data were expressed by 95 % CI. For homogenous data (P ? 0.10), fixed effect model was calculated. Two RCTs and 3 quasi-RCTs including 233 preterm infants (119 of treatment group and 114 of control group) were included in the analysis. The results of quality assessment were that 1 study was A, 1 was B, and 3 were C. There was evidence of a significant effect of therapeutic rhEPO on the outcomes of MDI scores [WMD = 7.77, 95 % CI (3.49-12.06), P = 0.0004], PDI scores [WMD = 3.85, 95 % CI (0.62-7.09), P = 0.02] at 18-22 months and NBNA scores [WMD = 1.96, 95 % CI (1.56-2.37), P < 0.00001] at 40 weeks of corrected gestational age. However, rhEPO had no effect on MDI <70 (OR = 0.70, 95 % CI 0.31-1.61), PDI <70 (OR = 2. 46, 95 % CI 0.94-6.45), cerebral palsy (OR = 1.08, 95 % CI 0.39-2.99), blindness (OR = 0.34, 95 % CI 0.01-8.56), and hearing loss (OR = 1.04, 95 % CI 0.06-17.15). There were no differences between groups with respect to the percentage of preterm infants with severe retinopathy of prematurity of stage III or above (OR = 1.30, 95 % CI 0.50-3.43), severe intraventricular hemorrhage of stage III or above (OR = 2. 91, 95 % CI 0.64-13.23), necrotizing enterocolitis (OR = 0.57, 95 % CI 0.13-2.54), and borderline personality disorder (OR = 1. 06, 95 % CI 0.50-2.26). The rhEPO treatment has beneficial effect on the neurodevelopment outcomes without severe adverse side effect in preterm infants.
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[Myogenic differentiation of laryngeal mucosal mesenchymal stem cells].
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-23-2014
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To investigate the myogenic differentiation of laryngeal mucosal mesenchymal stem cells (LM-MSCs) and the possibility of LM-MSCs as new alternative seed cells for laryngeal tissue engineering.
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Combination of platelet-rich plasma within periodontal ligament stem cell sheets enhances cell differentiation and matrix production.
J Tissue Eng Regen Med
PUBLISHED: 09-04-2014
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The longstanding goal of periodontal therapy is to regenerate periodontal tissues. Although platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been gaining increasing popularity for use in the orofacial region, whether PRP is useful for periodontal regeneration is still unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a mixture of periodontal ligament stem cell (PDLSC) sheets and PRP promoted bone regeneration, one of the most important measurement indices of periodontal tissue regenerative capability in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we evaluated the effects of different doses of PRP on the differentiation of human PDLSCs. Then cell sheet formation, extracellular matrix deposition and osteogenic gene expression in response to different doses of PRP treatment during sheet grafting was investigated. Furthermore, we implanted PDLSC sheets treated with 1% PRP subcutaneously into immunocompromised mice to evaluate their bone-regenerative capability. The results revealed that 1% PRP significantly enhanced the osteogenic differentiation of PDLSCs. Based on the production of extracellular matrix proteins, the results of scanning electron microscopy and the expression of the osteogenic genes ALP, Runx2, Col-1 and OCN, the provision of 1% PRP for PDLSC sheets was the most effective PRP administration mode for cell sheet formation. The results of in vivo transplantation showed that 1% PRP-mediated PDLSC sheets exhibited better periodontal tissue regenerative capability than those obtained without PRP intervention. These data suggest that a suitable concentration of PRP stimulation may enhance extracellular matrix production and positively affect cell behaviour in PDLSC sheets. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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The effect of therapeutic hypothermia after cardiopulmonary resuscitation on ICAM-1 and NSE levels in sudden cardiac arrest rabbits.
Int. J. Neurosci.
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2014
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Purpose: To assess the effects of hypothermia and normothermia treatments for sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) on brain injury recovery in rabbit models. Methods: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was implemented on apnea-induced SCA rabbit models. Fifty survived rabbits were then randomly received hypothermia (n = 25, 32-34°C) or normothermia treatment (n = 25, 39-39.5°C) for 12 hours. The expected body temperatures were achieved within the first two hours, maintained for ten hours and then rewarmed. The physiological parameters, neurologic function, and the levels of adhesion molecule ICAM-1 and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) were monitored. Results: Hypothermia-treated rabbits had lower heart rate when achieving hypothermia (p < 0.0001) and higher SjvO2 after hypothermia maintenance (p = 0.038). The hypothermia group achieved better brain recovery performance according to the neurological deficit grading scale. ICAM-1 and NSE levels in both serum and CSF of the hypothermia group were lower than the normothemia group (all p < 0.0001) during hypothermia maintenance. Conclusion: Hypothermia treatment after CPR provides better outcome than normothermia treatment in SCA rabbits. Hypothermia can reduce the ICAM-1 and NSE levels in both serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This study supports the clinical implementation of hypothermia treatment for SCA and reveals that ICAM-1 and NSE are involved in the recovery of brain function after resuscitation.
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Exogenous Interleukin-17A Inhibits Eosinophil Differentiation and Alleviates Allergic Airway Inflammation.
Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 09-02-2014
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Interleukin-17A (IL-17) is known to play important roles in immune and inflammatory disease such as in asthma, but its functions in allergic airway inflammation are still controversial, and the molecular mechanisms mediating these functions remain unclear. Increased production of eosinophils in bone marrow and their emergence in the airway have been linked to the onset and progression of allergic asthma. In this study, we investigated the effects of exogenous IL-17 on allergic airway inflammation, and explored the underlying molecular mechanisms through eosinophil generation. Exogenous IL-17 significantly attenuated the features of allergic inflammation induced by ovalbumin in mice. It inhibited eosinophil differentiation both in vivo and in vitro, accompanied by down-regulated expression of CC chemokine receptor 3(Ccr3), Gata-1, and Gata-2, as well as reduced formation of common myeloid progenitors and eosinophil progenitors, but without influencing eosinophil apoptosis. IL-17 also significantly decreased the number of eosinophils in IL-5 transgenic mice, although it notably increased the levels of IL-3, IL-5 and GM-CSF. In addition, IL-17 had little effect on secretion of the inflammatory cytokines by eosinophils. Neutralization of endogenous IL-17 significantly augmented eosinophil recruitment in the airways. Together, these findings suggest that exogenous IL-17 protects against allergic airway inflammation most likely through inhibition of the eosinophil differentiation in bone marrow.
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Sciatic nerve injury repair: a visualized analysis of research fronts and development trends.
Neural Regen Res
PUBLISHED: 08-24-2014
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A total of 3,446 publications regarding sciatic nerve injury repair and protection indexed by Web of Science during 2000-2004 were used for a detailed analysis of temporal-spatial distribution characteristics. Reference co-citation networks of the 100 top-cited publications as per the number of total citations were created using the Web of Science database and the information visualization tool, CiteSpaceIII. The key words that showed high frequency in these publications were included for analyzing the research fronts and development trends for sciatic nerve injury repair and protection. Through word frequency trend analysis, studies on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, adipose-derived stem cells, and skeletal muscle-derived multipotent stem cells combined with tissue-engineered scaffold material will become the forefronts in the field of sciatic nerve injury repair and protection in the near future.
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Design, synthesis, and characterization of 1,3,5-tri(1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)benzene-based fluorescent supramolecular columnar liquid crystals with a broad mesomorphic range.
J. Org. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 08-21-2014
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A new kind of supramolecular columnar liquid crystal T-A with a broad mesomorphic range (up to 164.9 °C), good thermal stability, and strong fluorescence is designed and formed by the H-bonding between 1,3,5-tri(1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)benzene (T) and serial gallic acid derivatives (A). Two components are easily available because of simple routes, common reactions, high yields, commercial starting materials, and inexpensive catalysts. The introduction of the 1,2,3-triazole structure into component A makes the textures different and is slightly disadvantageous for the T-A complexes.
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Preparation of a monolith functionalized with zinc oxide nanoparticles and its application in the enrichment of fluoroquinolone antibiotics.
J Sep Sci
PUBLISHED: 08-18-2014
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This study describes the enrichment ability of ZnO-modified methacrylic acid-co-ethylene dimethacrylate polymer monoliths as stationary phases for the simultaneous determination of antibiotics (ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, enoxacin, and pefloxacin) combined with high-performance liquid chromatography. The prepared monolith was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis. The polymer monolith microextraction method has been applied to the enrichment of fluoroquinolone antibiotics, and satisfactory results were obtained in the analysis of water samples. Compared with the conventional methacrylic acid based monolith, the developed monolith exhibited a higher enrichment capacity because of the introduction of zinc oxide into the preparation process. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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[Research progress on standards of commodity classes of Chinese materia medica and discussion on several key problems].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-07-2014
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Standards of commodity classes of Chinese materia medica is an important way to solve the "Lemons Problem" of traditional Chinese medicine market. Standards of commodity classes are also helpful to rebuild market mechanisms for "high price for good quality". The previous edition of commodity classes standards of Chinese materia medica was made 30 years ago. It is no longer adapted to the market demand. This article researched progress on standards of commodity classes of Chinese materia medica. It considered that biological activity is a better choice than chemical constituents for standards of commodity classes of Chinese materia medica. It is also considered that the key point to set standards of commodity classes is finding the influencing factors between "good quality" and "bad quality". The article also discussed the range of commodity classes of Chinese materia medica, and how to coordinate standards of pharmacopoeia and commodity classes. According to different demands, diversiform standards can be used in commodity classes of Chinese materia medica, but efficacy is considered the most important index of commodity standard. Decoction pieces can be included in standards of commodity classes of Chinese materia medica. The authors also formulated the standards of commodity classes of Notoginseng Radix as an example, and hope this study can make a positive and promotion effect on traditional Chinese medicine market related research.
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Tissue-Engineered Nerve Constructs Under a Microgravity System for Peripheral Nerve Regeneration.
Tissue Eng Part A
PUBLISHED: 08-05-2014
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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) seeded in a 3D scaffold often present characteristics of low proliferation and migration, which affect the microstructure of tissue-engineered nerves (TENs) and impair the therapeutic effects of nerve defects. By promoting MSC differentiation and mass/nutrient transport, rotary cell culture systems (RCCSs) display potential for advancing the construction of MSC-based TENs. Thus, in this study, we attempted to construct a TEN composed of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) and acellular nerve graft (ANG) utilizing an RCCS. Compared to TENs prepared in a static 3D approach, MTT and cell count results displayed an increased number of ADSCs for TENs in an RCCS. The similarity in cell cycle states and high rates of apoptosis in the static 3D culture demonstrated that the higher proliferation in the RCCS was not due to microgravity regulation but a result of preferential mass/nutrient transport. Quantitative PCR and ELISA indicated that the RCCS promoted the expression of ADSC neural differentiation-associated genes compared to the static 3D culture. Furthermore, this difference was eliminated by adding the Notch1 signaling pathway inhibitor DAPT to the 3D static culture. TEM, axon immunostaining, and retrograde labeling analysis after sciatic nerve transplantation indicated that the TENs prepared in the RCCS exhibited more regenerative characteristics for repairing peripheral nerves than those prepared in a static 3D approach. Therefore, these findings suggest that the RCCS can modulate the construction, morphology, and function of engineered nerves as a promising alternative for nerve regeneration.
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Microbial ketonization of ginsenosides F1 and C-K by Lactobacillus brevis.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
PUBLISHED: 07-17-2014
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Ginsenosides are the major pharmacological components in ginseng. We isolated lactic acid bacteria from Kimchi to identify microbial modifications of ginsenosides. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the strain DCY65-1 belongs to the genus Lactobacillus and is most closely related to Lactobacillus brevis. On the basis of TLC and HPLC analysis, we found two metabolic pathways: F1 ? 6?,12?-dihydroxydammar-3-one-20(S)-O-?-D-glucopyranoside and C-K ? 12?-hydroxydammar-3-one-20(S)-O-?-D-glucopyranoside. These results suggest that strain DCY65-1 is capable of potent ketonic decarboxylation, ketonizing the hydroxyl group at C-3. The F1 metabolite had a more potent inhibitory effect on mushroom tyrosinase than did the substrate. Therefore, the F1 and C-K derivatives may be more pharmacologically active compounds, which should be further characterized.
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Integrating epigenetic marks for identification of transcriptionally active miRNAs.
Genomics
PUBLISHED: 07-15-2014
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MicroRNAs have been identified as important regulators involved in biological processes and human diseases. We proposed a computational approach to systematic identification of active promoters of miRNAs by active models using epigenetic characteristics at active promoters of protein-coding genes together with a genomic context-based filtering step in nine human cell types, which were validated to exhibit greater conservation, more overlap with CAGE-identified TSSs, more conserved TFBSs and higher transcription factor binding signal intensities. Furthermore, expression analysis showed discordance between transcriptional activation of miRNAs and expression of their precursor and mature forms, indicating that precursor and mature miRNA expression is insufficient to account for transcriptional activation of miRNAs. Compared to other methods, our approach identified higher percentages of active miRNAs with CAGE-detected TSS activity and primary transcript expression, further supporting the validity of our approach, which will be valuable to understand the biological roles of miRNAs in specific cell contexts.
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[Application of reversed-phase liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry in the identification of protein and bioactivity peptides from rape bee pollen].
Se Pu
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2014
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Based on the shotgun proteomic method, rape bee pollen protein was prepared with ultrasonic extraction and digested by trypsin, then separated and sequenced by reversed-phase liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (RPLC-MS/MS), followed by protein database searching. After the above analysis, 353 peptides were identified and the molecular biological functions of 239 proteins have been known. The identified molecular biological functions of these proteins mainly included binding activity, enzyme activity, transporter activity, inhibitor activity and so on. Five peptides were obtained after the screening and appropriate amino acid modification among the identified 353 peptides, according to the relationship between the sequence structure of the bioactivity peptide and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor activity. The five peptides were speculated to have ACE inhibitor activity and synthesized to detect ACE inhibitor activity. The results showed that all of the five peptides had good ACE inhibitor activity. The peptides of AELDIVLALF and LAVNLIPFP among the five peptides displayed especially good ACE inhibition with half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of (10.65 +/- 0.50) micromol/L and (23.66 +/- 1.08) micromol/L, respectively. This method is rapid, low-cost and achieves the goal of high-throughput screening of bioactivity peptides that greatly shorten the period of identification compared with traditional methods.
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The evaluation of preoperative right ventricular diastolic dysfunction on coronary artery disease patients with left ventricular dysfunction.
Echocardiography
PUBLISHED: 06-28-2014
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Early death following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery tends to occur in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients with significantly decreased left ventricular function.
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Periodontal Ligament Stem Cells Modulate Root Resorption of Human Primary Teeth via Runx2 Regulating RANKL/OPG System.
Stem Cells Dev.
PUBLISHED: 06-26-2014
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Physiological primary teeth exfoliation is a normal phenomenon during teeth development. However, retained primary teeth can often be observed in the patients with cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) caused by mutation of Runx2. The potential regulative mechanism is still unknown. In the present study, periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) were derived from different resorbed stages of primary teeth and permanent teeth from normal patients and primary teeth from CCD patient. The proliferative, osteogenic and osteoclast-inductive capacities of PDLSCs from each group were detected. We demonstrated here that the proliferative ability of PDLSCs was reduced while the osteogenic and the osteoclast-inductive capacity of PDLSCs were enhanced during root resorption. The results also showed that PDLSCs from permanent teeth and CCD patient expressed low level of Runx2 and RANKL while high level of OPG. However, expression of Runx2 and RANKL were increased while expression of OPG was decreased in PDLSCs derived from resorbed teeth. Furthermore, Runx2 regulating the expression of RANKL and OPG and the osteoclast-inductive capacity of PDLSCs were confirmed by gain or loss of function assay. These data suggest that PDLSCs promote osteoclast differentiation via Runx2 upregulating RANKL and downregulating OPG, leading to enhanced root resorption that results in physiological exfoliation of primary teeth.
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The premature ejaculation diagnostic tool (PEDT): linguistic validity of the Chinese version.
J Sex Med
PUBLISHED: 06-25-2014
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The premature ejaculation diagnostic tool (PEDT) was developed to standardize the diagnosis of PE and has been applied in many countries. However, a linguistic validation of the Chinese version of PEDT does not exist.
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Gender differences in affective sharing and self-other distinction during empathic neural responses to others' sadness.
Brain Imaging Behav
PUBLISHED: 06-16-2014
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Self-other distinction, the separation between self and other, is a prerequisite for empathy through which individuals share another individual's feelings. Prior research suggests that females are better at recognizing and sharing others' emotions, whereas males perform better at self-other distinction. It is unclear, however, whether this superiority in the self-other distinction occurs in males throughout the experience of empathy or only at some stages of the empathic process. The present study utilized event-related potentials (ERPs) to investigate this issue. In two separate experimental tasks, subjects were instructed to either judge the emotions shown on a face (other-task) or evaluate their own affective responses to the emotions shown on a face (self-task). The results of the other-task revealed that unlike males, females displayed increased P2 (190-240 ms) amplitudes to sad expressions compared with neutral expressions. This finding might be associated with an improved ability to recognize and share the emotions of others in females. In contrast, only males exhibited larger P2 amplitudes to sad expressions compared with neutral expressions during the self-task. This awareness of one's own emotions in response to another individual might reflect a distinction between the self and the other at an early stage in males. At the late cognitive controlled stage, gender differences became weak. However, the emotion effects in each task for both genders were positively correlated with self-reported cognitive empathy, which was indexed by the perspective taking (PT) and fantasy (FS) subscale, but not with affective empathy.
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Microwave assisted extraction-solid phase extraction for high-efficient and rapid analysis of monosaccharides in plants.
Talanta
PUBLISHED: 06-09-2014
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Monosaccharides are the fundamental composition units of saccharides which are a common source of energy for metabolism. An effective and simple method consisting of microwave assisted extraction (MAE), solid phase extraction (SPE) and high performance liquid chromatography-refractive index detector (HPLC-RID) was developed for rapid detection of monosaccharides in plants. The MAE was applied to break down the structure of the plant cells and release the monosaccharides, while the SPE procedure was adopted to purify the extract before analysis. Finally, the HPLC-RID was employed to separate and analyze the monosaccharides with amino column. As a result, the extraction time was reduced to 17 min, which was nearly 85 times faster than soxhlet extraction. The recoveries of arabinose, xylose, fructose and glucose were 85.01%, 87.79%, 103.17%, and 101.24%, with excellent relative standard deviations (RSDs) of 1.94%, 1.13%, 0.60% and 1.67%, respectively. The proposed method was demonstrated to be efficient and time-saving, and had been applied to analyze monosaccharides in tobacco and tea successfully.
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Clinical features and course of ocular toxocariasis in adults.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis
PUBLISHED: 06-01-2014
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To investigate the clinical features, clinical course of granuloma, serologic findings, treatment outcome, and probable infection sources in adult patients with ocular toxocariasis (OT).
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Flavobacterium panaciterrae sp. nov., a ?-glucosidase producing bacterium with ginsenoside-converting activity isolated from the soil of a ginseng field.
J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 05-27-2014
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The GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain DCY69(T) is JX233806. A Gram-reaction-negative, oxidase- and catalase-positive, non-gliding motile strain, designated strain DCY69(T), was isolated from the soil of a ginseng field in the Republic of Korea. Colonies of strain DCY69(T) were circular, 0.5-1.5 mm diameter, yellow, and convex on an R2A agar plate after 2 days. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain DCY69(T) belonged to the genus Flavobacterium with 90.5-98.3% gene sequence similarity. The major predominant quinone was MK-6. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15:0, iso-C17:0 3-OH, iso-C15:0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (containing C16:1?7c and/or C16:1?6c). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified aminolipid and unidentified polar lipids (L1, L2). The genomic DNA G+C content of strain DCY69(T) was 35.0mol%. The strain DCY69(T) transformed ginsenoside Rb1 into Rd and F2. Based on the polyphasic taxonomic data, strain DCY69(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium panaciterrae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DCY69(T)(= KCTC 32392(T) = JCM 19161(T)), isolated from the soil of a ginseng field in the Republic of Korea.
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An enzyme-aided amplification strategy for sensitive detection of DNA utilizing graphene oxide (GO) as a fluorescence quencher.
Analyst
PUBLISHED: 05-21-2014
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A facile, sensitive and rapid method has been developed for detection of disease-related DNA based on lambda exonuclease-aided signal amplification by utilizing graphene oxide (GO) as a fluorescence quencher. The fluorescence of the carboxyfluorescein-labeled DNA probe (F-DNA) was sharply quenched due to the electron or energy transfer between the fluorescence dye and GO. While in the presence of target DNA, the formation of a DNA hybrid released F-DNA from the surface of GO, leading to a fluorescence recovery. Then, the fluorescence enhancement was further amplified by using lambda exonuclease (?exo) to liberate target DNA for cyclic hybridization. Fluorescence polarization and gel electrophoresis further verified the reliability of the principle. Disease-related DNA can be sensitively detected based on the enzyme-aided amplification strategy. More importantly, single-base mismatched DNA can be effectively discriminated from complementary target DNA and random DNA. Therefore, it offered a universal, simple, sensitive and specific method for detection of disease-related genes.
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Energy homeostasis targets chromosomal reconfiguration of the human GH1 locus.
J. Clin. Invest.
PUBLISHED: 05-19-2014
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Levels of pituitary growth hormone (GH), a metabolic homeostatic factor with strong lipolytic activity, are decreased in obese individuals. GH declines prior to the onset of weight gain in response to excess caloric intake and hyperinsulinemia; however, the mechanism by which GH is reduced is not clear. We used transgenic mice expressing the human GH (hGH) gene, GH1, to assess the effect of high caloric intake on expression as well as the local chromosome structure of the intact GH1 locus. Animals exposed to 3 days of high caloric intake exhibited hyperinsulinemia without hyperglycemia and a decrease in both hGH synthesis and secretion, but no difference in endogenous production of murine GH. Efficient GH1 expression requires a long-range intrachromosomal interaction between remote enhancer sequences and the proximal promoter region through "looping" of intervening chromatin. High caloric intake disrupted this interaction and decreased both histone H3/H4 hyperacetylation and RNA polymerase II occupancy at the GH1 promoter. Incorporation of physical activity muted the effects of excess caloric intake on insulin levels, GH1 promoter hyperacetylation, chromosomal architecture, and expression. These results indicate that energy homeostasis alters postnatal hGH synthesis through dynamic changes in the 3-dimensional chromatin structure of the GH1 locus, including structures required for cell type specificity during development.
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Highly sensitive fluorescence assay of T4 polynucleotide kinase activity and inhibition via enzyme-assisted signal amplification.
Anal. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2014
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DNA phosphorylation catalyzed by polynucleotide kinase (PNK) is an indispensable process in the repair, replication, and recombination of nucleic acids. Here, an enzyme-assisted amplification strategy was developed for the ultrasensitive monitoring activity and inhibition of T4 PNK. A hairpin oligonucleotide (hpDNA) was designed as a probe whose stem can be degraded from the 5' to 3' direction by lambda exonuclease (? exo) when its 5' end is phosphorylated by PNK. So, the 3' stem and loop part of hpDNA was released as an initiator strand to open a molecular beacon (MB) that was designed as a fluorescence reporter, leading to a fluorescence restoration. Then, the initiator strand was released again by the nicking endonuclease (Nt.BbvCI) to hybridize with another MB, resulting in a cyclic reaction and accumulation of fluorescence signal. Based on enzyme-assisted amplification, PNK activity can be sensitively and rapidly detected with a detection limit of 1.0×10(-4)U/ml, which is superior to those of most existing approaches. Furthermore, the application of the proposed strategy for screening PNK inhibitors also demonstrated satisfactory results. Therefore, it provided a promising platform for monitoring activity and inhibition of PNK as well as for studying the activity of other nucleases.
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Platelet factor XIIIa release during platelet aggregation and plasma clot strength measured by thrombelastography in patients with coronary artery disease treated with clopidogrel.
Platelets
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2014
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Abstract It has been estimated that up to half of circulating factor XIIIa (FXIIIa) is stored in platelets. The release of FXIIIa from platelets upon stimulation with adenosine diphosphate (ADP) in patients with coronary artery disease treated with dual antiplatelet therapy has not been previously examined. Samples from 96 patients with established coronary artery disease treated with aspirin and clopidogrel were examined. Platelet aggregation was performed by light transmittance aggregometry in platelet-rich plasma (PRP), with platelet-poor plasma (PPP) as reference, and ADP 5?µM as agonist. Kaolin-activated thrombelastography (TEG) was performed in citrate PPP. PRP after aggregation was centrifuged and plasma supernatant (PSN) collected. FXIIIa was measured in PPP and PSN. Platelet aggregation after stimulation with ADP 5?µM resulted in 24% additional FXIIIa release in PSN as compared to PPP (99.3?±?27 vs. 80.3?±?24%, p?
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Deciphering ADME genetic data using an automated haplotype approach.
Pharmacogenet. Genomics
PUBLISHED: 05-07-2014
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To investigate the utility of statistical tools in translating Affymetrix Drug Metabolizing Enzyme and Transporter (DMET) Assay single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) into common consensus star alleles.
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A case report of retroperitoneal pararenal Castleman's disease associated with myasthenia gravis.
World J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 04-29-2014
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Castleman's disease (CD) is a relatively rare disorder characterized by the benign proliferation of lymphoid tissue. The combination of an occurrence of retroperitoneal pararenal CD with myasthenia gravis (MG) is extremely rare.
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Constitutive ERK1/2 activation contributes to production of double minute chromosomes in tumour cells.
J. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 04-24-2014
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Double minute chromosomes (DMs) are extrachromosomal cytogenetic structures found in tumour cells. As hallmarks of gene amplification, DMs often carry oncogenes and drug-resistance genes and play important roles in malignant tumour progression and drug resistance. The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling pathway is frequently dysregulated in human malignant tumours, which induces genomic instability, but it remains unclear whether a close relationship exists between MAPK signalling and DMs. In the present study, we focused on three major components of MAPK signalling, ERK1/2, JNK1/2/3 and p38, to investigate the relationship between MAPK and DM production in tumour cells. We found that the constitutive phosphorylation of ERK1/2, but not JNK1/2/3 and p38, was closely associated with DMs in tumour cells. Inhibition of ERK1/2 activation in DM-containing and ERK1/2 constitutively phosphorylated tumour cells was able to markedly decrease the number of DMs, as well as the degree of amplification and expression of DM-carried genes. The mechanism was found to be an increasing tendency of DM DNA to break, become enveloped into micronuclei (MNs) and excluded from the tumour cells during the S/G2 phases of the cell cycle, events that accompanied the reversion of malignant behaviour. Our study reveals a linkage between ERK1/2 activation and DM stability in tumour cells. © 2014 The Authors. The Journal of Pathology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland.
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ROS1 gene rearrangement and copy number gain in non-small cell lung cancer.
Virchows Arch.
PUBLISHED: 03-27-2014
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ROS1 has attracted much attention as a possible oncogenic driver and ROS1-rearranged tumors show sensitivity to most ALK inhibitors. We aimed to clarify the prevalence of ROS1 gene rearrangement and investigate the clinical implications of ROS1 gene copy number gain (CNG) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. We carried out fluorescent in situ hybridization with ROS1 and centromere enumeration 6 probes and immunohistochemistry for ROS1 protein expression. ROS1 rearrangement was detected in 3 of 375 samples (0.8 %); all of whom were female, never-smokers, and harbored an adenocarcinoma component. ROS1 gene CNG was found in 18 cases (4.8 %). ROS1 gene CNG was significantly associated with shorter disease-free survival (DFS, 12 vs. 58 months; p?=?0.003) and shorter overall survival (OS, 40 vs. 67 months; p <0.001) than the group without CNG. Multivariate analysis confirmed that ROS1 gene CNG was significantly associated with poorer DFS (hazard ratio [HR]=2.16, 95 % confidence interval [CI]?=?1.22-3.81, p?=?0.008), and OS ([HR]?=?2.53, 95 % [CI]?=?1.31-4.89, p?=?0.006). ROS1 protein overexpression was observed in 5.0 % (18 out of 357), of which 2 cases harbored ROS1 gene rearrangement. There was no statistically significant correlation between ROS1 gene CNG and protein overexpression. This study demonstrated ROS1 gene rearrangement was detected in 0.8 % of surgically resected NSCLC; and ROS1 gene CNG is an independent poor prognostic factor. This survival analyses may contribute to future studies on the utility of ROS1-targeted therapy for patients.
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Mesenchymal stem cell characteristics of dental pulp and periodontal ligament stem cells after in vivo transplantation.
Biomaterials
PUBLISHED: 03-27-2014
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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) isolated from human postnatal dental pulp and periodontal ligament (PDL) tissues can give rise to multilineage differentiation in vitro and generate related dental tissues in vivo. However, the cell properties of human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and PDL stem cells (PDLSCs) after in vivo implantation remain largely unidentified. In this study, cells were re-isolated from in vivo-generated dental pulp-like and PDL-like tissues (termed re-DPCs and re-PDLCs, respectively) as a result of ectopic transplantation of human DPSC and PDLSC sheets. The cell characteristics in terms of colony-forming ability, cell surface antigens and multi-differentiation potentials were all evaluated before and after implantation. It was found that re-DPCs and re-PDLCs were of human and mesenchymal origin and positive for MSC markers such as STRO-1, CD146, CD29, CD90 and CD105; and, to some extent, re-DPCs could maintain their colony forming abilities. Moreover, both cell types were able to form mineral deposits and differentiate into adipocytes and chondrocytes; however, quantitative analysis and related gene expression determination showed that the osteo-/chondro-differentiation capabilities of re-DPCs and re-PDLCs were significantly reduced compared to those of DPSCs and PDLSCs, respectively (P < 0.05); re-PDLCs showed a greater reduction potential than re-DPCs. We conclude that DPSCs and PDLSCs may maintain their MSC characteristics after in vivo implantation and, compared to PDLSCs, DPSCs appear much more stable under in vivo conditions. These findings provide additional cellular and molecular evidence that supports expanding the use of dental tissue-derived stem cells in cell therapy and tissue engineering.
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FGFR1 amplification is associated with poor prognosis and smoking in non-small-cell lung cancer.
Virchows Arch.
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2014
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FGFR1 amplification has been identified recently as an important therapeutic target in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), particularly squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC). However, data from previous studies on the clinical implications of FGFR amplification in NSCLC are inconsistent. We evaluated FGFR1 gene copy number (GCN) in 369 cases of surgically resected NSCLC using five previously reported criteria and investigated associations between clinicopathologic parameters and FGFR1 amplification. FGFR1 amplification was found in 32/369 (8.7 %) of NSCLC and was more frequent in SqCC (18.0 % in SqCC, 3.0 % in adenocarcinoma; p?
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Automatic clustering of white matter fibers in brain diffusion MRI with an application to genetics.
Neuroimage
PUBLISHED: 03-08-2014
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To understand factors that affect brain connectivity and integrity, it is beneficial to automatically cluster white matter (WM) fibers into anatomically recognizable tracts. Whole brain tractography, based on diffusion-weighted MRI, generates vast sets of fibers throughout the brain; clustering them into consistent and recognizable bundles can be difficult as there are wide individual variations in the trajectory and shape of WM pathways. Here we introduce a novel automated tract clustering algorithm based on label fusion--a concept from traditional intensity-based segmentation. Streamline tractography generates many incorrect fibers, so our top-down approach extracts tracts consistent with known anatomy, by mapping multiple hand-labeled atlases into a new dataset. We fuse clustering results from different atlases, using a mean distance fusion scheme. We reliably extracted the major tracts from 105-gradient high angular resolution diffusion images (HARDI) of 198 young normal twins. To compute population statistics, we use a pointwise correspondence method to match, compare, and average WM tracts across subjects. We illustrate our method in a genetic study of white matter tract heritability in twins.
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Modification of chemokine receptor expression to enhance levels of trafficking receptors on autologous cytokine-induced killer cells derived from patients with colorectal cancer.
Biomed. Pharmacother.
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2014
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Cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells have achieved therapeutic benefit in treatment of solid tumors in clinic. However, some patients show no response after CIK treatment. Animal assays have shown that successful infiltration of CIK cells to the tumor sites could affect the outcome. Chemokines play important roles in lymphocyte trafficking. Understanding the molecular mechanism of chemokines in the process of CIK cell homing is important for further modification of CIK therapy. In this study, we investigated the spectrum of chemokine ligands in the colorectal cancer sites and observed that chemokine ligands CCL20 and CXCL10 were overexpressed in the CRC tumor tissues compared with adjacent tissues. Although the corresponding receptors CCR6 and CXCR3 increased on CIK cells compared with PBMCs, their expression on CIK cells derived from CRC patients had lower levels than healthy donors, which might be a limited factor for autologous-CIK cells trafficking to tumor site. Importantly, stimulation with chemokines CCL20 and CXCL10 promotes the expression levels of CCR6 and CXCR3 on CIK cells, thus augmenting the relative migration of CIK cells in vitro. Our results suggest that modification of surface chemokine receptors may enhance the homing ability of CIK cells for better therapeutic achievements.
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S-allylmercaptocysteine promotes MAPK inhibitor-induced apoptosis by activating the TGF-? signaling pathway in cancer cells.
Oncol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 02-24-2014
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S-allylmercaptocysteine (SAMC), one of the water-soluble organosulfur garlic derivatives, can induce the apoptosis of many types of cancer cells through the MAPK signaling pathway. The TGF-? signaling pathway also plays a pivotal role in the process of oncogenesis, and has a certain crosstalk with the MAPK pathway. In the present study, hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 with an intact TGF-? signal and colon cancer cell line SW620 with an imperfect TGF-? signal were selected to ascertain whether SAMC induces the apoptosis of cancer cells by TGF-? signaling. In both cell lines treated with MAPK inhibitors and SAMC, an increased apoptosis rate was observed by electron microscopy, TUNEL and flow cytometric assays. Immunohistochemistry and western blot assays showed that SAMC induced the apoptosis of cancer cells by activating TGF-?1, T?RII, p-smad2/3, smad4 and smad7 signals, and promoting Bim expression while decreasing Bcl-2 expression and finally activating the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway proteins caspase-3 and caspase-9 in the HepG2 cell line. In contrast, in the SW620 cell line, the apoptosis induced by SAMC only affected TGF-?1 and smad7 signals, and promoted the expression of Bax and Bad and finally activated the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway protein caspase-9. When we compare the apoptosis rate in both cell lines, a significantly lower apoptosis rate was noted in the SW620 cell line than the rate noted in the HepG2 cell line. In summary, SAMC induces the apoptosis of cancer cells by activating the TGF-? signaling pathway, after MAPK signaling is inhibited.
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Selective depletion of regulatory T cell subsets by docetaxel treatment in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer.
J Immunol Res
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2014
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Regulatory T (Treg) cells are potent suppressors that maintain immune homeostasis. Accumulation of Treg can inhibit effective immune responses in cancer patients, leading to tumor development and progression. Despite direct cytotoxicity, several chemotherapeutic drugs have been reported to deplete Treg cells for better prognosis for cancer patients. Treg cells are a heterogenous population with at least three different subsets, nonsuppressive, resting, and activated Treg cells. However, the characteristics of Treg cell subsets in lung cancer patients and how chemotherapy affects Treg cells remain elusive. In this study, we first analyzed Treg cell subsets in peripheral blood samples from 40 nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and 20 healthy donors. Treg cells, specifically activated Treg cell subset, significantly increased in patients with NSCLC. Compared to nonsuppressive Treg cells, activated Treg cells expressed higher level of CD39 and predominantly produced inhibitory cytokines. In vitro assay showed that docetaxel reduced all three subsets of Treg cells. More importantly, we found docetaxel-based chemotherapy significantly decreased all three Treg subsets after 4 cycles of treatment in 17 NSCLC patients. Taken together, this study revealed dynamic changes of various Treg cell subsets in NSCLC patients before and after chemotherapy, providing activated Treg cells as a potential target for chemotherapy.
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Novel approach to identifying the hepatitis B virus pre-S deletions associated with hepatocellular carcinoma.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2014
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To develop a novel non-sequencing method for the detection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) pre-S deletion mutants in HBV carriers.
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Genome-wide mapping of miRNAs expressed in embryonic stem cells and pluripotent stem cells generated by different reprogramming strategies.
BMC Genomics
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2014
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Reprogrammed cells, including induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and nuclear transfer embryonic stem cells (NT-ESCs), are similar in many respects to natural embryonic stem cells (ESCs). However, previous studies have demonstrated that iPSCs retain a gene expression signature that is unique from that of ESCs, including differences in microRNA (miRNA) expression, while NT-ESCs are more faithfully reprogrammed cells and have better developmental potential compared with iPSCs.
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Novel EGFR mutation-specific antibodies for lung adenocarcinoma: highly specific but not sensitive detection of an E746_A750 deletion in exon 19 and an L858R mutation in exon 21 by immunohistochemistry.
Lung Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2014
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Activating mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinase domain are correlated with dramatic clinical responses in non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). The two most common EGFR mutations, representing 85-90% of EGFR mutations, are the E746_A750 deletion in exon 19 and the L858R point mutation in exon 21. We conducted this study to evaluate the suitability of mutation-specific antibodies that can detect E746_A750 deletion and L858R mutant EGFR proteins by immunohistochemistry (IHC).
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miR?143 inhibits cell proliferation by targeting autophagy?related 2B in non?small cell lung cancer H1299 cells.
Mol Med Rep
PUBLISHED: 01-13-2014
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microRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non?coding RNAs involved in multiple biological pathways by regulating post?transcriptional gene expression. Previously, autophagy has been reported to suppress the progression of non?small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, how miRNAs regulate autophagy in NSCLC remains to be elucidated. In the present study, the autophagy gene, autophagy?related 2B (ATG2B), was identified as a novel target of miR?143. The overexpression of miR?143 was able to downregulate the expression of atg2b at the transcriptional and translational levels by direct binding to its 3' untranslated region. Cell proliferation was significantly inhibited by the ectopic expression of miR?143 in H1299 cells. Knockdown of ATG2B resulted in a similar phenotype, with the overexpression of miR?143 in NSCLC cells. Furthermore, knockdown of ATG2B and hexokinase 2, a key enzyme in glycolysis and another target of miR?143, co?ordinated to inhibit the proliferation of H1299 cells. The results of the present study demonstrated that miR?143 was a novel and important regulator of autophagy by targeting ATG2B and repression of gene expression in autophagy and high glycolysis had a coordinate effect in H1299 cells. These results suggested that ATG2B may be a new potential therapeutic target for NSCLC. Furthermore, it was implied that interrupting autophagy and glycolysis improves NSCLC therapy.
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Lipopolysaccharide differentially affects the osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament stem cells and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells through Toll-like receptor 4 mediated nuclear factor ?B pathway.
Stem Cell Res Ther
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2014
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Periodontitis is initiated and sustained by bacteria. However, the mechanism of bacteria induced periodontitis is still unknown. We hypothesized that bacterial components can affect the functions of stem cells in the periodontium. In this study, we comparatively investigated the influence of Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the osteogenesis potential of human periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs).
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Dental follicle cells rescue the regenerative capacity of periodontal ligament stem cells in an inflammatory microenvironment.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) are one of the best candidates for periodontal regeneration. Their function could be impaired in periodontitis microenvironment. Dental follicle cells (DFCs), serving as precursor cells and mesenchymal stem cells, have intimate connection with PDLSCs. However, it is still unknown whether DFCs could provide a favorable microenvironment to improve the proliferation and differentiation capacity of PDLSCs from healthy subjects (HPDLSCs) and patients diagnosed with periodontitis (PPDLSCs).
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Effect of trichostatin a on SGC-7901 gastric cancer cells.
Int J Clin Exp Med
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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To explore Trichostatin A (TSA) effect on SGC-7901 gastric cancer cells.
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Thrombin enhances NGF-mediated neurite extension via increased and sustained activation of p44/42 MAPK and p38 MAPK.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Rapid neurite remodeling is fundamental to nervous system development and plasticity. It involves neurite extension that is regulated by NGF through PI3K/AKT, p44/42 MAPK and p38 MAPK. It also involves neurite retraction that is regulated by the serine protease, thrombin. However, the intracellular signaling pathway by which thrombin causes neurite retraction is unknown. Using the PC12 neuronal cell model, we demonstrate that thrombin utilizes the PI3K/AKT pathway for neurite retraction in NGF-differentiated cells. Interestingly, however, we found that thrombin enhances NGF-induced neurite extension in differentiating cells. This is achieved through increased and sustained activation of p44/42 MAPK and p38 MAPK. Thus, thrombin elicits opposing effects in differentiated and differentiating cells through activation of distinct signaling pathways: neurite retraction in differentiated cells via PI3K/AKT, and neurite extension in differentiating cells via p44/42 MAPK and p38 MAPK. These findings, which also point to a novel cooperative role between thrombin and NGF, have significant implications in the development of the nervous system and the disease processes that afflicts it as well as in the potential of combined thrombin and NGF therapy for impaired learning and memory, and spinal cord injury which all require neurite extension and remodeling.
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Novel natural mutations in the hepatitis B virus reverse transcriptase domain associated with hepatocellular carcinoma.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) mutations play a role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the association between HBV polymerase gene mutations and HCC has not been reported. In this study, we conducted a multi-stage study to identify HCC-related mutations in the reverse transcriptase (RT) domain of the HBV polymerase gene.
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[SIRT1 knockout impairs the differentiation of adipocyte in C57BL/6J mice and its underlying mechanism].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-31-2013
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To explore the role and mechanism of SIRT1 (Sirtuin1) in the differentiation of adipocyte.
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[Role of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells in treating estrogen deficiency induced osteoporosis].
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-11-2013
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To investigate the therapeutic effects of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) from C57BL/6 mice on estrogen deficiency induced osteoporosis.
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[RANKL and OPG expression in bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells of ovariectomied promotes osteoclast development and enhances its function].
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-11-2013
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To investigate the expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B lig (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG) in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and its impact on osteoclast formation and function in the ovariectomied mice.
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Somatic stem cell biology and periodontal regeneration.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants
PUBLISHED: 11-27-2013
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Somatic stem cells have been acknowledged for their ability to differentiate into multiple cell types and their capacity for self-renewal. Some mesenchymal stem cells play a dominant role in the repair and reconstruction of periodontal tissues. Both dental-derived and some non-dental-derived mesenchymal stem cells possess the capacity for periodontal regeneration under certain conditions with induced differentiation, proliferation, cellular secretion, and their interactions. Stem cell-based tissue engineering technology promises to bring improvements to periodontal regeneration, biologic tooth repair, and bioengineered implants. The present review discusses the roles and values of various somatic stem cells in periodontal regeneration.
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miR-203, a tumor suppressor frequently down-regulated by promoter hypermethylation in Rhabdomyosarcoma.
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 11-18-2013
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Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma found in children and young adults. It is characterized by the expression of a number of skeletal muscle-specific proteins including MyoD and muscle ?-actin. However, unlike normal myoblasts, RMS cells differentiate poorly both in vivo and in culture. As microRNAs are known to regulate tumorigenesis, intensive efforts have been made to identify microRNAs that are involved in RMS development. In the current study, we found that miR-203 was frequently down-regulated by promoter hypermethylation in both RMS cell lines and RMS biopsies and could be reactivated by DNA-demethylating agents. Re-expression of miR-203 in RMS cells inhibited their migration and proliferation, and promoted terminal myogenic differentiation. Mechanistically, miR-203 exerts its tumor suppressive effect by directly targeting p63 and leukemia inhibitory factor receptor in RMS cells, which promotes myogenic differentiation by inhibiting the Notch and the JAK1/STAT1/STAT3 pathways, respectively. Our work reveals that miR-203 functions as a tumor suppressor in RMS development.
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Gold-nanorod-based colorimetric and fluorescent approach for sensitive and specific assay of disease-related gene and mutation.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
PUBLISHED: 11-11-2013
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Sensitive and specific detection of disease-related gene and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) is of great importance in cancer diagnosis. Here, a colorimetric and fluorescent approach is described for detection of the p53 gene and SNP in homogeneous solution by using gold nanorods (GNRs) as both colorimetric probe and fluorescence quencher. Hairpin oligonucleotide was utilized as DNA probe to ensure highly sequence-specific detection of target DNA. In the presence of target DNA, the formation of DNA duplex greatly changed the electrostatic interaction between GNR and DNAs, leading to an obvious change in fluorescence and colorimetric response. The detection limit of fluorescent and colorimetric assay is 0.26 pM and 0.3 nM, respectively. Both fluorescence and colorimetric strategies were able to effectively discriminate complementary DNA from single-base mismatched DNA, which is meaningful for cancer diagnosis. More important, target DNA can be detected as low as 10 nM by the naked eye. Furthermore, transmission electron microscopy and fluorescence anisotropy measurements demonstrated that the color change as well as fluorescence quenching is ascribed to the DNA hybridization-induced aggregation of GNRs. Therefore, the assay provided a fast, sensitive, cost-effective, and specific sensing platform for detecting disease-related gene and SNP.
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[The prevalence and risk factors of metabolic syndrome among adult residents in Guangdong and Jiangsu provinces in China].
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-09-2013
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To determine the current prevalence and risk factors of metabolic syndrome (MS) among adult residents in Chinese developed areas.
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[Role of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells in treating colitis through Fas/FasL-mediated immune regulation].
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-10-2013
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To investigate the difference in the therapeutic effects of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) of mice from ovariectomy (OVX) group and sham group in treating colitis, and then further study the differences of Fas/FasL expression and downstream T cell migration and apoptosis between the two groups.
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Development of Pulmonary Arteries after a Central End-to-Side Shunt in Patients with Pulmonary Atresia, Ventricular Septal Defect, and Diminutive Pulmonary Arteries.
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
PUBLISHED: 09-24-2013
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Aim To evaluate the development of pulmonary arteries (PAs) in patients with pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect, and diminutive PAs by using a central end-to-side shunt.Methods A total of 103 consecutive patients (71 male and 32 female) with pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect, and diminutive PAs received a central end-to-side shunt between PA and aorta from May 2004 to December 2010. The age and weight ranged between 2 to 86 months and 2.5 to 21.5 kg, respectively. Overall 79 patients with main PA diameters less than 4 mm received a central end-to-side shunt between PA and aorta, and 24 patients with main PAs absence received a modified central shunt between PA branches and aorta.Results There were no deaths during operation and follow-up. Compared with preoperative measures, total PA index increased from mean value 68.8 ± 11.4 mm2/m2 to 129.1 ± 24.9 mm2/m2 (p < 0.001). The increased PA index change at the time of 6 months or final repair after shunt completion was 87.7 ± 27.4% (27-150%). By multivariate regression analysis, age at shunt, shunt procedure, and number of major aortopulmonary collateral arteries were correlated with increasing PA index change.Conclusion The central end-to-side shunt promoted sufficient growth of the diminutive central PAs, especially in infant patients. Due to the risk of a distortion of pulmonary branches, the authors interposed a modified procedure for patients with main PAs absence by anastomosis of left PA and right PA directly in an end-to-side fashion to the both lateral wall of ascending aorta. It is technically easy to perform, warrants low risk of shunt thrombosis, and flow restriction in the early postoperative period.
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A retrospective study of pediatric traumatic dental injuries in Xian, China.
Dent Traumatol
PUBLISHED: 08-31-2013
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Pediatric traumatic dental injury is an important public health problem because of its high prevalence, severe physical or psychological impacts, and high prevention and treatment costs. This study aimed to determine the distributive features of pediatric traumatic dental injury in a university dental hospital in Xian, China.
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An automated dual-gradient liquid chromatography-MS/MS method for the simultaneous determination of ferulic acid, ligustrazine and ligustilide in rat plasma and its application to a pharmacokinetic study.
J Pharm Biomed Anal
PUBLISHED: 08-19-2013
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An automated on-line SPE and innovative fast polarity switch bioanalysis method employing dual-gradient liquid chromatography (DGLC) coupled with mass spectrometry (DGLC-MS/MS) was established and validated for the simultaneous determination of ferulic acid, ligustrazine and ligustilide in rat plasma after administration of Rhizoma Chuanxiong, Angelica sinensis extract or monomer. The proteins in plasma samples were precipitated using acetonitrile: methanol (1:1, v/v). Sulfamethoxazole was used as an internal standard. The DGLC system contains two high-pressure pumps. The first pump was used for on-line solid phase extraction with a Cyclone™ SPE column. Chromatographic separations were performed with the other pump on a Syncronis C18 rapid analytical column. The analytical column was eluted by a gradient program that featured an acetonitrile/methanol/water gradient (flow-rate, 0.4ml/min). DGLC afforded greater convenience for bioanalysis. All analytes were simultaneously monitored in positive- and negative-ion mode by SRM (selective reaction monitoring) using the fast polarity switch speed of TSQ Vantage™. Method validation of the assay was implemented. No significant matrix effect was observed. The LLOQ of all analytes were <1.0ng/ml. The precision, recovery and linearity of the analysis met the pre-established requirements. The method was applied to the pharmacokinetics of ferulic acid, ligustrazine and ligustilide in Rhizoma Chuanxiong or Angelica sinensis extracts or monomers.
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[Study of the association between SNP rs7903146(C/T) in TCF7L2 and metabolic syndrome in Chinese Korean and Han populations from Yanbian].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-09-2013
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To assess the association between a rs7903146(C/T) polymorphism of TCF7L2 gene and metabolic syndrome (MS), plasma lipoprotein, and plasma adiponectin (PA) in Chinese Korean and Han populations from Yanbian region.
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The effect of hepatitis B virus infected embryos on pregnancy outcome.
Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 07-22-2013
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HBV vertical transmission is the main reason for chronic HBV infection, but there is no clear conclusion about the effect of HBV infection on pregnancy outcome. This study aimed to investigate the effect of HBV-infected embryos on pregnancy outcome.
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[Incidence and related risk factors of diabetic ketoacidosis in Guangdong type 1 diabetics].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-19-2013
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To determine the incidence and the predictors of diabetes ketoacidosis (DKA) in Chinese type 1 diabetics so as to lay a foundation for better prevention and treatment.
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Expulsion of micronuclei containing amplified genes contributes to a decrease in double minute chromosomes from malignant tumor cells.
Int. J. Cancer
PUBLISHED: 07-12-2013
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Double minute chromosomes (DMs) are a hallmark of gene amplification. The relationship between the formation of DMs and the amplification of DM-carried genes remains to be clarified. The human colorectal cancer cell line NCI-H716 and human malignant primitive neuroectodermal tumor cell line SK-PN-DW are known to contain many DMs. To examine the amplification of DM-carried genes in tumor cells, we performed Affymetrix SNP Array 6.0 analyses and verified the regions of amplification in NCI-H716 and SK-PN-DW tumor cells. We identified the amplification regions and the DM-carried genes that were amplified and overexpressed in tumor cells. Using RNA interference, we downregulated seven DM-carried genes, (NDUFB9, MTSS1, NSMCE2, TRIB1, FAM84B, MYC and FGFR2) individually and then investigated the formation of DMs, the amplification of the DM-carried genes, DNA damage and the physiological function of these genes. We found that suppressing the expression of DM-carried genes led to a decrease in the number of DMs and reduced the amplification of the DM-carried genes through the micronuclei expulsion of DMs from the tumor cells. We further detected an increase in the number of ?H2AX foci in the knockdown cells, which provides a strong link between DNA damage and the loss of DMs. In addition, the loss of DMs and the reduced amplification and expression of the DM-carried genes resulted in a decrease in cell proliferation and invasion ability.
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Integration of a calcined bovine bone and BMSC-sheet 3D scaffold and the promotion of bone regeneration in large defects.
Biomaterials
PUBLISHED: 07-10-2013
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Reconstruction of large area bone defect with mechanical integrity to the skeleton is important for patients rehabilitation. However with the limitation of scaffold material and suitable seed cell sources, the best treating strategy remains to be identified though various tissue engineering methods were reported. In this study, we investigated the feasibility of applying calcined bovine bone (CBB) which was coated by allograft bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC)-sheet as a 3D scaffold material in bone repairing tissue engineering. The new scaffold material was implanted into osteoporosis rat cranial bone defects and repairing critical size bone defects (8 mm diameter). Data showed that CBB-BMSC-sheet combination had a stronger potential in osteogenic differentiation and mineralized formation both in vitro and in vivo than CBB-BMSC combination. In in vitro study BMSC-sheet had a more feasible characteristic upon bone repairing including richer ECM, larger mineralized area and stronger ALP activity in addition with a significant higher mRNA expression of osteogenic maker such as BMP-2, b-FGF, Col 1a1, OSX and Runx-2 than the control group. In in vivo study 3D reconstruction of micro CT, HE staining and bone strength results showed that newly formed bone in CBB-BMSC-sheet group was significant higher than that in CBB-BMSC group at 4, 8 and 12 weeks after transplantation in the aspect of area and volume. What was more, results indicated that allograft BMSC-sheet had survivaled in the scaffold material and participated in the newly formed bone which had the same thickness with surrounding autologous bone tissues after transplantation. Results of our study demonstrated that CBB-BMSC-sheet combination was a promising strategy in healing of large area bone defect in osteoporosis.
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The use of laryngeal mucosa mesenchymal stem cells for the repair the vocal fold injury.
Biomaterials
PUBLISHED: 07-10-2013
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Stem cell transplantation is a kind of attractive and new approach that complements traditional restorative or surgical techniques for the regeneration of injured or pathologically damaged laryngeal tissues. However, the best cell delivery strategy remains to be identified. The objective of this study was to establish a new strategy to the healing of injured vocal fold, using laryngeal mucosa mesenchymal stem cells differentiating into myofibroblasts or fibroblasts and improving the reconstruction microenvironment in the vocal fold injury as a new alternative as seed cells for laryngeal tissue engineering. After isolation and expansion, cells were identified as adherent mesenchymal cells with substantial proliferation potential in vitro, and were also characterized by flow cytometry. The differentiation potential of mesenchymal cells was maintained during proliferation as confirmed by culturing for adipogenesis, osteogenesis and chondrocyte. When LM-MSC was transplanted into the injured vocal fold, it has the potent differentiated into myofibroblasts and fibroblasts, which could regulate extracellular matrix, block collagen and the fibronectin rapid increased, inhibit the rapidly decrease of elastic fiber and HA, decrease the microenvironment inflammatory reaction, and prevent the formation of vocal fold scar.
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Facilitated attachment of nanoparticles at primary minima by nanoscale roughness is susceptible to hydrodynamic drag under unfavorable chemical conditions.
Sci. Total Environ.
PUBLISHED: 06-28-2013
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This study investigated effects of flow velocity on attachment of nanoparticles at primary minima in the presence of surface roughness under unfavorable chemical conditions. Saturated sand-packed column experiments were conducted at 0.1 and 0.2M NaCl using 30 nm polystyrene latex nanoparticles as model colloids. Particle attachment at primary minima was unambiguously determined by removing particles attached at secondary minima through introducing deionized water and excavating the packed beds. The calculated primary-minimum attachment efficiency was found to decrease with increasing flow velocity, indicating that the fraction of a collector surface that is available for attachment at primary minima decreases with increasing flow velocity. The torque analysis, however, showed that the adhesive torque that the particle experiences at primary minima is much larger than the maximum hydrodynamic drags of a porous medium for the flow velocities used. We attributed the discrepancy to the reason that the sand surface is very rough and the roughness mainly causes the attachment in primary minima under the experimental conditions used in this study. By considering influence of surface roughness in the torque analysis, our calculations show that while particle attachment in primary minima is favored atop of nanoasperities under unfavorable conditions, the adhesive torque that the particle experiences can be greatly reduced and, thus, the attachment is susceptible to flow drag. Whereas the increase of adhesive torque by surface roughness has been widely recognized in the literature, our study indicates that the rough asperities can also decrease adhesive torques for particles attached atop of them.
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The effect of the coumarin-like derivative osthole on the osteogenic properties of human periodontal ligament and jaw bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell sheets.
Biomaterials
PUBLISHED: 06-24-2013
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Cell sheet engineering is a scaffold-free delivery concept that has been shown to improve mesenchymal stem cell-mediated regeneration of injured or pathologically damaged periodontal tissues in preclinical studies and several clinical trials. However, the best strategy for cell sheet production remains to be identified. The aim of this study was to investigate the biological effects of osthole, a coumarin-like derivative extracted from Chinese herbs, on the cell sheet formation and osteogenic properties of human periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) and jaw bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (JBMMSCs). Patient-matched PDLSCs and JBMMSCs were isolated, and an appropriate concentration of osthole for cell culture was screened for both cell types in terms of cell proliferation and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. Next, the best mode of osthole stimulation for inducing the formation of sheets by each cell type was selected by evaluating the amount of their extracellular matrix (ECM) protein production as well as osteogenic-related gene expression. Furthermore, both PDLSC and JBMMSC sheets obtained from each optimized technique were transplanted subcutaneously into nude mice to evaluate their capacity for ectopic bone regeneration. The results revealed that 10(-5) m/L osthole significantly enhanced the proliferation of both PDLSCs and JBMMSCs (P < 0.05), although for JBMMSCs, there was no concentration-related change among the four established osthole groups (P > 0.05). In addition, 10(-5) m/L osthole was the best concentration to promote the ALP activities of both cells (P < 0.01). Based on both the production of ECM proteins (collagen type I, integrin ?1, and fibronectin) and the expression of osteogenic genes (ALP, Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), and osteocalcin (OCN)), the provision of 10(-5) m/L osthole throughout the entire culture stage (10 days) for PDLSCs or at the early stage (first 3 days) for JBMMSCs was the most effective osthole administration mode for cell sheet formation (P < 0.05). The results of in vivo transplantation showed that osthole-mediated PDLSC and JBMMSC sheets formed more new bone than those obtained without osthole intervention (P < 0.001). Our data suggest that a suitable concentration and mode of osthole stimulation may enhance ECM production and positively affect cell behavior in cell sheet engineering.
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Glycemic variability in normal glucose regulation subjects with elevated 1-h postload plasma glucose levels.
Endocrine
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2013
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Subjects with normal glucose regulation (NGR), whose 1-h postload plasma glucose is ?8.6 mmol/L (155 mg/dL, NGR 1 h ? 8.6) during 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), have an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and subclinical organ damage. And, the deficiency in islet ? cell function is responsible for glycemic disorders. The purpose of this study is to investigate glycemic variability in NGR subjects with elevated 1-h postload plasma glucose levels and its association with islet ? cell function. The 29 NGR subjects with 1-h postload plasma glucose ?8.6 mmol/L (NGR 1 h ? 8.6) and 29 age- and sex-matched NGR subjects with 1-h postload plasma glucose <8.6 mmol/L (NGR 1 h < 8.6) were recruited in the study. Insulin sensitivity (Matsuda index, ISI), insulin secretion (insulinogenic index ?I30/?G30), and integrated ? cell function measured by the oral disposition index (?I30/?G30 multiplied by the ISI) were derived from OGTT. All subjects were monitored using the continuous glucose monitoring system for consecutive 72 h. The multiple parameters of glycemic variability included the standard deviation of blood glucose (SDBG), mean blood glucose (MBG), mean of daily differences (MODD), and mean amplitude of glycemic excursions (MAGE). MAGE is considered as a gold standard of glycemic variability. Glycemic variability parameters SDBG, MBG, MODD, and MAGE in NGR 1 h ? 8.6 group were higher than those in NGR 1 h < 8.6 group (p < 0.05), and oral disposition index in NGR 1 h ? 8.6 group was lower than that in NGR 1 h < 8.6 group (p < 0.05). SDBG, MBG, MODD, MAGE, and 1-h postload plasma glucose all negatively associated with oral disposition index in the separate group (p < 0.05) and in the whole subjects (p < 0.05). After multivariate regression analysis, oral disposition index was the strongest independent contributor to MAGE and 1-h postload plasma glucose in the separate group (p < 0.05) and in the whole subjects (p < 0.05). It is concluded that NGR 1 h ? 8.6 group had higher glycemic variability and lower oral disposition index, compared with NGR 1 h < 8.6 group. Increased glycemic variability parameters and elevated 1-h postload plasma glucose consistently associated with declined oral disposition index in subjects from NGR 1 h < 8.6 to NGR 1 h ? 8.6 group.
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Prognostic value of epidermal growth factor receptor in patients with gastric cancer: a meta-analysis.
Gene
PUBLISHED: 05-29-2013
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The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays important roles in the development of gastric cancer. This study aims to analyze the prognostic value of EGFR in patients with gastric cancer.
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MET Gene Copy Number Gain is an Independent Poor Prognostic Marker in Korean Stage I Lung Adenocarcinomas.
Ann. Surg. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 05-22-2013
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MET gene copy number gain (CNG) and protein overexpression have been reported in lung cancer, but the clinical implications in early stage adenocarcinoma remain unclear.
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Canonical Wnt signaling differently modulates osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow and from periodontal ligament under inflammatory conditions.
Biochim. Biophys. Acta
PUBLISHED: 04-20-2013
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Cellular plasticity and complex functional requirements of the periodontal ligament (PDL) assume a local stem cell (SC) niche to maintain tissue homeostasis and repair. Here, pathological alterations caused by inflammatory insults might impact the regenerative capacities of these cells. As bone homeostasis is fundamentally controlled by Wnt-mediated signals, it was the aim of this study to characterize the SC-like capacities of cells derived from PDL and to investigate their involvement in bone pathophysiology especially regarding the canonical Wnt pathway.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.