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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Insights into the spatial distribution of lipid-rich plaques in relation to coronary artery bifurcations: an in-vivo optical coherence tomography study.
Coron. Artery Dis.
PUBLISHED: 10-31-2014
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The aim of this study was to investigate the spatial location of vulnerable plaques at coronary artery bifurcations using frequency domain-optical coherence tomography.
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Bivalirudin versus unfractionated heparin for residual thrombus burden: A frequency-domain optical coherence tomography study.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv
PUBLISHED: 08-12-2014
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This study aimed to compare the effect of bivalirudin and unfractionated heparin (UFH) on residual thrombus burden assessed by frequency-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT), and on angiographic indices of microvascular obstruction (MVO).
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Is lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 activity correlated with fibrous-cap thickness and plaque volume in patients with acute coronary syndrome?
Coron. Artery Dis.
PUBLISHED: 08-06-2014
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Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is a specific biomarker specific for vascular inflammation. Inflammation has a significant association with plaque progression. The fibrous-cap thickness (FCT) is one of the major determinants of plaque vulnerability in atherosclerotic plaques. However, data on the relationship between Lp-PLA2 activity and FCT in lipid plaque are limited. This study aimed to evaluate the in-vivo association between changes in Lp-PLA2 activity and FCT and plaque volume in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).
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Computer-aided image analysis algorithm to enhance in vivo diagnosis of plaque erosion by intravascular optical coherence tomography.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging
PUBLISHED: 07-17-2014
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Recent reports show that plaque erosion can be diagnosed in vivo using optical coherence tomography in patients with acute coronary syndrome. However, quantitative optical coherence tomographic image criteria for computer-aided diagnosis of plaque erosion have not been established.
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Spatial heterogeneity of neoatherosclerosis and its relationship with neovascularization and adjacent plaque characteristics: optical coherence tomography study.
Am. Heart J.
PUBLISHED: 03-19-2014
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Development of neoatherosclerosis (NA) has been reported to be a potential cause of late stent failure. However, the distribution of NA and its relationship with neovascularization (NV) and adjacent plaque characteristics remain unclear.
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Comparison by optical coherence tomography of the frequency of lipid coronary plaques in current smokers, former smokers, and nonsmokers.
Am. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 03-14-2014
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Smoking is associated with high incidence of cardiovascular events including acute coronary syndrome. We sought to characterize coronary plaques in patients with ongoing smoking using optical coherence tomography (OCT) compared with former smokers and nonsmokers. We identified 465 coronary plaques from 182 subjects who underwent OCT imaging for all 3 coronary arteries. Subjects were divided into 3 groups: current smokers (n = 41), former smokers (n = 67), and nonsmokers (n = 74). OCT analysis included the presence of lipid-rich plaque, thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA), calcification, maximum lipid arc, lipid core length, lipid index, and fibrous cap thickness. Lipid index was defined by mean lipid arc multiplied by lipid core length. Compared with former smokers and nonsmokers, the incidence of lipid plaques and TCFA was significantly higher in current smokers (lipid plaques: 68.0% vs 45.9% and 52.6%, p = 0.002; TCFA: 18.4% vs 7.6% and 9.9%, p = 0.018). There was a trend for higher plaque disruption in current smokers. Former smokers were more likely to have calcified plaques than current and nonsmokers (52.9% vs 32.0% and 38.0%, p = 0.001). In a multivariate analysis, current smoking, low-density lipoprotein, and presentation with acute coronary syndrome were independently associated with the presence of TCFAs. In conclusion, current smokers are more likely to have lipid plaques and OCT-defined vulnerable plaques (TCFAs). Former smokers have increased number of calcified plaques. These results may explain the increased risk of acute cardiac events among smokers.
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Distinct morphological features of ruptured culprit plaque for acute coronary events compared to those with silent rupture and thin-cap fibroatheroma: a combined optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound study.
J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2014
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The study sought to identify specific morphological characteristics of ruptured culprit plaques (RCP) responsible for acute events, and compare them with ruptured nonculprit plaques (RNCP) and nonruptured thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACS).
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Features of coronary plaque in patients with metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus assessed by 3-vessel optical coherence tomography.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging
PUBLISHED: 08-06-2013
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The pathophysiological basis for the association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and coronary artery disease is not well understood. We sought to characterize coronary plaques in patients with MetS by using optical coherence tomography.
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Pancoronary plaque vulnerability in patients with acute coronary syndrome and ruptured culprit plaque: A 3-vessel optical coherence tomography study.
Am. Heart J.
PUBLISHED: 06-29-2013
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Recent studies described different clinical and underlying plaque characteristics between patients with and without plaque rupture presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). In light of the systemic nature of atherosclerosis, we hypothesized that nonculprit plaques might also express different morphological features in these 2 groups of patients.
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Correlation between degree of neointimal hyperplasia and incidence and characteristics of neoatherosclerosis as assessed by optical coherence tomography.
Am. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 04-22-2013
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Emerging evidence suggests that neointimal degenerative changes with development of neoatherosclerosis (NA) may represent an important mechanism for late stent failure. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relation between degree of neointimal hyperplasia and incidence and characteristics of NA using optical coherence tomography. We identified a total of 252 stents with mean neointimal thickness (NIT) >100 ?m in 212 patients: 100 bare metal stents (BMSs) and 152 drug-eluting stents (DESs). Based on the values of mean NIT, we divided stents into tertiles and compared neointimal characteristics among the 3 groups. NA was defined as the presence of lipid-laden intima and/or calcification inside the stent. In both BMS and DES, there was a difference in the prevalence of lipid-laden intima among the tertiles (18.2% vs 36.4% vs 47.1%, p = 0.042 [BMS]; 19.6% vs 56.9% vs 88.0%, p <0.001 [DES]). However, no difference in the prevalence of in-stent calcification was observed (21.2% vs 21.2% vs 2.9%, p = 0.053 [BMS]; 5.9% vs 9.8% vs 2.0%, p = 0.252 [DES]). In a multivariate model adjusting for stent type, follow-up duration, conventional coronary risk factors, statin, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin II receptor blockade use, mean NIT was independently associated with the presence of NA (odds ratio 2.53, 95% confidence interval 1.96 to 3.27, p <0.001). This study demonstrates the presence of a positive correlation between degree of neointimal hyperplasia after stent implantation and presence of lipid-laden intima. This association is independent from stent type and time from implantation and suggests a possible pathogenic link between the two processes.
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Nonculprit coronary plaque characteristics of chronic kidney disease.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging
PUBLISHED: 03-27-2013
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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) promotes the development of atherosclerosis and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. The aim of the present study was to compare the coronary plaque characteristics of patients with and without CKD using optical coherence tomography.
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A novel polymer-free paclitaxel-eluting stent with a nanoporous surface for rapid endothelialization and inhibition of intimal hyperplasia: Comparison with a polymer-based sirolimus-eluting stent and bare metal stent in a porcine model.
J Biomed Mater Res A
PUBLISHED: 02-19-2011
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Hypersensitivity and inflammatory responses to polymers may be responsible for late stent thrombosis after implantation of a drug-eluting stent (DES). Polymer-free DES may reduce the prevalence of these adverse reactions in vessels. We evaluated a polymer-free paclitaxel-eluting-stent with a nanoporous surface (nano-PES) for endothelialization and inhibition of neointimal hyperplasia by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and pathology in a porcine model. Nano-PES with high-dose (HD) and low-dose (LD) paclitaxel (1.0 ?g/mm(2) and 0.4 ?g/mm(2), respectively) was compared with a sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) and bare-metal stent (BMS) in a porcine model. Fifty-three stents (14 HD, 14 LD, 14 SES, 11 BMS) were implanted in 18 minipigs. At 14 days, nano-PES with HD and LD showed more complete endothelialization compared with SES. BMS had 100% endothelial coverage. At 28 days, a significant reduction in neointimal hyperplasia was detected by OCT in the nano-PES HD group compared with BMS. No benefit in prevention of the neointimal hyperplasia was observed in the nano-PES LD group. Nano-PES stents showed decreased deposition of fibrin and inflammation compared with SES. Pharmacokinetic studies revealed that nano-PES could effectively deliver the drug to the local coronary artery and it released the drug more rapidly than SES. Such a release profile was favorable for rapid endothelialization of nano-PES. The present study showed the nano-PES to be a new drug-delivery technology; that it used a nanoporous stent surface; that it offered desirable drug-elution properties without the use of polymers; that it may translate into an improved safety profile for next-generation DES.
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Vasa vasorum and plaque progression, and responses to atorvastatin in a rabbit model of atherosclerosis: contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging and intravascular ultrasound study.
Heart
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To serially investigate the relationship between vasa vasorum (VV) proliferation and plaque progression in vivo, and the effects of atorvastatin on VV and atherosclerosis as assessed by contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging.
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Effect of statin therapy on the progression of coronary atherosclerosis.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord
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An increasing number of authors employing intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and virtual histology (VH-IVUS) have investigated the effect of statin use on plaque volume (PV) and plaque composition. However, inconsistent results have been reported. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to determine the appropriate regimen of statins to effectively stabilize vulnerable coronary plaques.
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Significance of intraplaque neovascularisation for vulnerability: optical coherence tomography study.
Heart
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This study aimed to investigate the role of intraplaque neovascularisation (NV) in culprit lesions and non-culprit lesions of unstable angina pectoris (UAP) and in lesions of stable angina pectoris (SAP) using optical coherence tomography (OCT).
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A novel model of atherosclerosis in rabbits using injury to arterial walls induced by ferric chloride as evaluated by optical coherence tomography as well as intravascular ultrasound and histology.
J. Biomed. Biotechnol.
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This study aim was to develop a new model of atherosclerosis by FeCl(3)-induced injury to right common carotid arteries (CCAs) of rabbits. Right CCAs were induced in male New Zealand White rabbits (n = 15) by combination of a cholesterol-rich diet and FeCl(3)-induced injury to arterial walls. The right and left CCAs were evaluated by histology and in vivo intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) examinations of 24 hours (n = 3), 8 weeks (n = 6), and 12 weeks (n = 6) after injury. Each right CCA of the rabbits showed extensive white-yellow plaques. At eight and 12 weeks after injury, IVUS, OCT, and histological findings demonstrated that the right CCAs had evident eccentric plaques. Six plaques (50%) with evident positive remodeling were observed. Marked progression was clearly observed in the same plaque at 12 weeks after injury when it underwent repeat OCT and IVUS. We demonstrated, for the first time, a novel model of atherosclerosis induced by FeCl(3). The model is simple, fast, inexpensive, and reproducible and has a high success rate. The eccentric plaques and remodeling of plaques were common in this model. We successfully carried out IVUS and OCT examinations twice in the same lesion within a relatively long period of time.
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Lipopolysaccharide-induced proliferation of the vasa vasorum in a rabbit model of atherosclerosis as evaluated by contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging and histology.
Inflammation
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Whether lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can promote vasa vasorum (VV) proliferation for atherosclerosis in vivo is unclear. Eighteen rabbits with atherosclerosis were randomly assigned into one of three groups of six. Group A received biweekly injections of 10 mL saline after 2 weeks of balloon injury. Groups B and C received biweekly intravenous injections of 3.0 ?g LPS in 10 mL saline at weeks 10 and 4, respectively, until study termination. LPS significantly increased the levels of triglycerides and C-reactive protein and decreased the level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Group C had significant larger plaques and more macrophages than group A (p = 0.01 and p < 0.001, respectively). Contrast enhancement ultrasound imaging and histological detection demonstrated that plaques in group C had a significantly higher VV density than that in group A (p = 0.009 and p = 0.002, respectively). In summary, VV proliferation for plaque destabilization can be accelerated by LPS-induced systemic inflammation and changes in lipid profiles.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.