JoVE Visualize What is visualize?
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Advanced Search
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Regular Search
Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Mental health treatment after major surgery among Vietnam-era Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder.
J Health Psychol
PUBLISHED: 10-12-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The purpose of this study was to examine mental health treatment use among Vietnam Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder and determine whether undergoing major surgery interrupted mental health treatment or increased the risk of psychiatric hospitalization. Using retrospective data from Veterans Health Administration's electronic medical record system, a total of 3320 Vietnam-era surgery patients with preoperative posttraumatic stress disorder were identified and matched 1:4 with non-surgical patients with posttraumatic stress disorder. The receipt of surgery was associated with a decline in overall mental health treatment and posttraumatic stress disorder-specific treatment 1?month following surgery but not during any subsequent month thereafter. Additionally, surgery was not associated with psychiatric admission.
Related JoVE Video
Prevalence of suicidality among Hispanic and African American veterans following surgery.
Am J Public Health
PUBLISHED: 08-08-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We evaluated factors associated with suicidal behavior and ideation (SBI) during 3 years of follow-up among 89,995 Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients who underwent major surgery from October 2005 to September 2006.
Related JoVE Video
Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Monitoring Metabolic Parameters for Patients with Schizophrenia Receiving Antipsychotic Medications.
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 07-30-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Patients with schizophrenia experience risks for metabolic dysregulation from medications and lifestyle behaviors. Although most patients with schizophrenia in the Veterans Health Administration (VA) receive antipsychotics, variation in monitoring metabolic dysregulation by race/ethnicity has not been assessed. This study analyzed differential monitoring of metabolic parameters by minority status.
Related JoVE Video
A Bayesian model averaging approach to examining changes in quality of life among returning Iraq and Afghanistan veterans.
Int J Methods Psychiatr Res
PUBLISHED: 06-18-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Many Veterans from the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan return home with physical and psychological impairments that impact their ability to enjoy normal life activities and diminish their quality of life (QoL). The present research aimed to identify predictors of QoL over an eight-month period using Bayesian model averaging (BMA), which is a statistical technique useful for maximizing power with smaller sample sizes. A sample of 117 Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans receiving care in a southwestern health care system was recruited, and BMA examined the impact of key demographics (e.g., age, gender), diagnoses (e.g., depression), and treatment modalities (e.g., individual therapy, medication) on QoL over time. Multiple imputation based on Gibbs sampling was employed for incomplete data (6.4% missingness). Average follow-up QoL scores were significantly lower than at baseline (73.2 initial versus 69.5 four-month and 68.3 eight-month). Employment was associated with increased QoL during each follow-up, while post-traumatic stress disorder and Black race were inversely related. Additionally, predictive models indicated that depression, income, treatment for a medical condition, and group psychotherapy were strong negative predictors of four-month QoL but not eight-month QoL.
Related JoVE Video
Polypharmacy with antipsychotic drugs in patients with schizophrenia: trends in multiple health care systems.
Am J Health Syst Pharm
PUBLISHED: 04-16-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Patterns of pharmacologic treatment in U.S. outpatients with schizophrenia across multiple health care settings were investigated.
Related JoVE Video
Evaluation of a pulsed-xenon ultraviolet room disinfection device for impact on contamination levels of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
BMC Infect. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 03-31-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Healthcare-acquired infections with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are a significant cause of increased mortality, morbidity and additional health care costs in United States. Surface decontamination technologies that utilize pulsed xenon ultraviolet light (PPX-UV) may be effective at reducing microbial burden. The purpose of this study was to compare standard manual room-cleaning to PPX-UV disinfection technology for MRSA and bacterial heterotrophic plate counts (HPC) on high-touch surfaces in patient rooms.
Related JoVE Video
Alignment of patient and primary care practice member perspectives of chronic illness care: a cross-sectional analysis.
BMC Fam Pract
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Little is known as to whether primary care teams' perceptions of how well they have implemented the Chronic Care Model (CCM) corresponds with their patients' own experience of chronic illness care. We examined the extent to which practice members' perceptions of how well they organized to deliver care consistent with the CCM were associated with their patients' perceptions of the chronic illness care they have received.
Related JoVE Video
Mortality after cardiac or vascular operations by preexisting serious mental illness status in the Veterans Health Administration.
Gen Hosp Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 02-09-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
To estimate 1-year mortality risk associated with preoperative serious mental illness (SMI) as defined by the Veterans Health Administration (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], major depression) following nonambulatory cardiac or vascular surgical procedures compared to patients without SMI. Cardiac/vascular operations were selected because patients with SMI are known to be at elevated risk of cardiovascular disease.
Related JoVE Video
Use of antipsychotic medications in pediatric populations: what do the data say?
Curr Psychiatry Rep
PUBLISHED: 11-22-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Recent reports of antipsychotic medication use in pediatric populations describe large increases in rates of use. Much interest in the increasing use has focused on potentially inappropriate prescribing for non-Food and Drug Administration-approved uses and use amongst youth with no mental health diagnosis. Different studies of antipsychotic use have used different time periods, geographic and insurance populations of youth, and aggregations of diagnoses. We review recent estimates of use and comment on the similarities and dissimilarities in rates of use. We also report new data obtained on 11 health maintenance organizations that are members of the Mental Health Research Network in order to update and extend the knowledge base on use by diagnostic indication. Results indicate that most use in pediatric populations is for disruptive behaviors and not psychotic disorders. Differences in estimates are likely a function of differences in methodology; however, there is remarkable consistency in estimates of use by diagnosis.
Related JoVE Video
Cost estimates for operating a primary care practice facilitation program.
Ann Fam Med
PUBLISHED: 05-22-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Practice facilitation is widely recognized as a promising method for achieving large-scale practice redesign. Little is known, however, about the cost of providing practice facilitation to small primary practices from the prospective of an organization providing facilitation activities.
Related JoVE Video
The quality of quality measures: HEDIS® quality measures for medication management in the elderly and outcomes associated with new exposure.
Drugs Aging
PUBLISHED: 05-07-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Clinical validation studies of the Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS®) measures of inappropriate prescribing in the elderly are limited.
Related JoVE Video
A systematic literature review of psychosocial and behavioral factors associated with initial medication adherence: a report of the ISPOR medication adherence & persistence special interest group.
Value Health
PUBLISHED: 04-22-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Numerous factors influencing medication adherence in chronically ill patients are well documented, but the paucity of studies concerning initial treatment course experiences represents a significant knowledge gap. As interventions targeting this crucial first phase can affect long-term adherence and outcomes, an international panel conducted a systematic literature review targeting behavioral or psychosocial risk factors.
Related JoVE Video
Posttraumatic stress disorder and odds of major invasive procedures among U.S. Veterans Affairs patients.
J Psychosom Res
PUBLISHED: 02-08-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Although individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at heightened risk for several serious health conditions, research has not examined how having PTSD impacts receipt of invasive procedures that may alleviate these problems. We examined whether PTSD, after controlling for major depression, was associated with odds of receiving common types of major invasive procedures, and whether race, ethnicity, and gender was associated with odds of procedures.
Related JoVE Video
Implementing quality improvement in small, autonomous primary care practices: implications for the patient-centred medical home.
Qual Prim Care
PUBLISHED: 12-22-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Implementing improvement programmes to enhance quality of care in primary care clinics is complex. Understanding how improvement strategies can be implemented in primary care is timely given the recent national movement towards transforming primary care into patient centred medical homes (PCMH). This study examined practice members perceptions of the opportunities and challenges associated with implementing changes in their practice.
Related JoVE Video
Psychiatric and medical admissions observed among elderly patients with new-onset epilepsy.
BMC Health Serv Res
PUBLISHED: 04-19-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Inpatient utilization associated with incidence of geriatric new-onset epilepsy has not been characterized in any large study, despite recognized high levels of risk factors (comorbidity).
Related JoVE Video
Ethnicity and Race Variations in Receipt of Surgery among Veterans with and without Depression.
Depress Res Treat
PUBLISHED: 03-16-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
To examine equity in one aspect of care provision in the Veterans Health Administration, this study analyzed factors associated with receipt of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), vascular, hip/knee, or digestive system surgeries during FY2006-2009. A random sample of patients (N = 317, 072) included 9% with depression, 17% African-American patients, 5% Hispanics, and 5% women. In the four-year followup, 18,334 patients (6%) experienced surgery: 3,109 hip/knee, 3,755 digestive, 1,899 CABG, and 11,330 vascular operations. Patients with preexisting depression were less likely to have surgery than nondepressed patients (4% versus 6%). In covariate-adjusted analyses, minority patients were slightly less likely to receive vascular operations compared to white patients (Hispanic OR = 0.88, P < .01; African-American OR = 0.93, P < .01) but more likely to undergo digestive system procedures. Some race-/ethnicity-related disparities of care for cardiovascular disease may persist for veterans using the VHA.
Related JoVE Video
Factors in second-generation antipsychotic switching patterns in a national sample of older veterans with schizophrenia.
Psychiatr Serv
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
A 2004 consensus statement by the American Psychiatric Association and other groups noted that metabolic side effects of second-generation antipsychotics require monitoring. To reduce risk, prescribers may consider factors differentially associated with development of metabolic abnormalities, such as age, gender, and race-ethnicity. As part of a study of older patients with schizophrenia (50-102 years), this study evaluated factors associated with antipsychotic switches and switches that incurred a greater or lesser metabolic risk.
Related JoVE Video
A pilot survey of post-deployment health care needs in small community-based primary care clinics.
BMC Fam Pract
PUBLISHED: 01-03-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Relatively little is known regarding to what extent community-based primary care physicians are encountering post-deployment health care needs among veterans of the Afghanistan or Iraq conflicts and their family members.
Related JoVE Video
Postdeployment health care for returning OEF/OIF military personnel and their social networks: a qualitative approach.
Mil Med
PUBLISHED: 12-01-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Little is known regarding the health care needs of Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) deployed veterans seeking care outside of Veterans Affairs facilities. Responding to this gap, we conducted a mixed methods study of postdeployment health among veterans and members of their social networks in six community-based primary care clinics. A total of 347 patients completed a survey dealing with deployment to Iraq/Afghanistan (whether their own or that of a family member, friend, or coworker), and subsequent psychosocial and health problems. A subset of 52 participants responded to an open-ended question requesting additional information about experiences during and postdeployment. Content analysis of these responses revealed five overarching themes: connectedness, perceptions of conflict, consequences of deployment, health and treatment concerns, and respect and concern for service members/veterans. These data point to significant deployment-related disruptions in the well-being of service members and those in their broader social networks, with implications for defining service needs in community health settings.
Related JoVE Video
Variation in antiepileptic drug adherence among older patients with new-onset epilepsy.
Ann Pharmacother
PUBLISHED: 11-02-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Medication adherence among patients with epilepsy remains a significant challenge, even for patients prescribed newer antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), leading to increased risks of seizures, hospitalizations, and higher treatment costs. Despite substantial research identifying numerous risk factors, the role of specific medications has been neglected.
Related JoVE Video
Access-related measures and out-of-system utilization among veterans with bipolar disorder.
Psychiatr Serv
PUBLISHED: 10-05-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
This study examined associations between access-related measures and out-of-system health services utilization (general medicine and mental health services) among patients with bipolar disorder at a U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) medical center.
Related JoVE Video
Participatory decision making, patient activation, medication adherence, and intermediate clinical outcomes in type 2 diabetes: a STARNet study.
Ann Fam Med
PUBLISHED: 09-17-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Participatory decision making (PDM) is associated with improved diabetes control. We examine a causal model linking PDM to improved clinical outcomes that included patient activation and medication adherence.
Related JoVE Video
Prediabetes assessment and follow-up in older veterans with schizophrenia.
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Assess glycemic monitoring and follow-up.
Related JoVE Video
Family perceptions of post-deployment healthcare needs of Iraq/Afghanistan military personnel.
Ment Health Fam Med
PUBLISHED: 09-01-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Nearly 40 000 service members returning from Iraq and Afghanistan have suffered traumatic injuries, with over 300 000 at risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or other psychiatric problems. These veterans face numerous post-deployment health concerns, sharing substantial burdens with their families. Although many rely upon community-based health care, little is known about how these individuals present at family medicine clinics for perceived medical and psychological issues. We surveyed 347 patients during visits at six clinics, and respondents reported whether they,a family member or a close acquaintance had been deployed since 2001. Patients identified traumatic military experiences, plus any attributable health or social problems. The mean patient age was 47.5 years, with 71% women and 55% Hispanic individuals. Nearly one-quarter reported family members serving overseas while 52% knew someone deployed. Significant events included nearby explosion (21%) or combat injury (9%), along with a variety of other incidents. Among the half of individuals perceiving significant health or social ramifications, the most prevalent consequences were PTSD, depression and alcohol abuse. Divorce or marital problems were noted by13%, while many reported employment, legal or other difficulties. This study offers insights into post-deployment needs of military personnel and subsequent problems reported by family members. A high prevalence of traumatic combat events translated into serious health needs, plus social disruptions for veterans and their loved ones. As the long-term problems disclosed by returning service personnel continue to ripple across community clinics and other health systems, effective treatment planning mandates coordinated attention from multiple providers and service organisations.
Related JoVE Video
Cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes: Attributable risk due to modifiable risk factors.
Can Fam Physician
PUBLISHED: 08-14-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
To examine the common clinical and behavioural factors that contribute to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk (ie, attributable risk) among those with type 2 diabetes.
Related JoVE Video
Transition from military to VHA care: psychiatric health services for Iraq/Afghanistan combat-wounded.
J Affect Disord
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Veterans from the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq (OEF/OIF) report high rates of mental distress especially affective disorders. Ensuring continuity of care across institutions is a priority for both the Department of Defense (DoD) and the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), yet this process is not monitored nor are medical records integrated. This study assessed transition from DoD to VHA and subsequent psychiatric care of service members traumatically injured in OEF/OIF.
Related JoVE Video
Suicide-related behaviors in older patients with new anti-epileptic drug use: data from the VA hospital system.
BMC Med
PUBLISHED: 01-11-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently linked antiepileptic drug (AED) exposure to suicide-related behaviors based on meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. We examined the relationship between suicide-related behaviors and different AEDs in older veterans receiving new AED monotherapy from the Veterans Health Administration (VA), controlling for potential confounders.
Related JoVE Video
How the relationship of attitudes toward mental health treatment and service use differs by age, gender, ethnicity/race and education.
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 10-27-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Promoting help-seeking for mental health problems can result in improved treatment rates. For the most impact, social marketing interventions need to be tailored to targeted demographic subgroups. We investigated the influence of interactions between attitudes toward treatment and age, gender, ethnicity/race and education for both general medical and specialty care.
Related JoVE Video
A brief measure of perceived clinician support by patients with bipolar spectrum disorders.
J. Nerv. Ment. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 08-18-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The quality of the patient-provider relationship is regarded as an essential ingredient in the treatment of serious mental illnesses, and is associated with favorable outcomes including improved treatment adherence. However, monitoring the strength and influence of provider support in clinical settings is challenged by the absence of brief, psychometrically sound, and easily administered assessments. The purpose of this study was to test the factor structure and examine the clinical and psychosocial correlates of a brief measure of provider support. Participants were recruited from the continuous improvement for veterans in care-Mood Disorders study (N = 429). The hypothesized factor structure exhibited a good fit with the data. At baseline, provider support was associated with higher levels of service access and medication compliance and lower levels of alcohol use and suicidality. Regular monitoring of provider support may provide useful when tailoring psychosocial treatment strategies, especially in routine care settings.
Related JoVE Video
Are psychiatric disorders independent risk factors for new-onset epilepsy in older individuals?
Epilepsy Behav
PUBLISHED: 08-12-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
This retrospective study examined whether psychiatric conditions are directly related to epilepsy or, rather, are associated with underlying central nervous system (CNS) disorders linked to subsequent epilepsy. We examined data from a sample of older veterans (>65 years) receiving care from the Veterans Health Administration during fiscal year 2000. We compared individuals with new-onset epilepsy and individuals without epilepsy to examine the extent to which psychiatric disorders were associated with new-onset epilepsy; this analysis controlled for demographic and premorbid neurological risk factors previously associated with new-onset epilepsy. Premorbid psychiatric conditions occurred at higher rates in the epilepsy versus nonepilepsy groups, foremost including depression (17% vs 12%), anxiety (12% vs 8%), psychosis (12% vs 5%), and substance abuse (8% vs 4%). However, in the final model, only psychosis (OR=1.4, CI 1.2-1.6) was significantly associated with epilepsy when controlling for neurological disorders and psychiatric conditions (e.g., stroke, dementia, brain tumor, head injury).
Related JoVE Video
A collaborative therapeutic relationship and risk of suicidal ideation in patients with bipolar disorder.
J Affect Disord
PUBLISHED: 06-26-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
A diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder (BD) is among the strongest known risk factors for suicide. The present study examines the relative impact of current mood state (depressed, manic or mixed) and patient perceptions of the therapeutic relationship on suicidal ideation in veterans with BD.
Related JoVE Video
New-onset geriatric epilepsy care: Race, setting of diagnosis, and choice of antiepileptic drug.
Epilepsia
PUBLISHED: 06-23-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
There is a growing movement to assess the quality of care provided to patients in the US, but few studies have examined initial care for epilepsy patients. We examined the relationships among patient race, setting of initial diagnosis, and initial treatment for older veterans newly diagnosed with epilepsy.
Related JoVE Video
Clinical and demographic factors associated with homelessness and incarceration among VA patients with bipolar disorder.
Am J Public Health
PUBLISHED: 03-19-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We assessed the association between homelessness and incarceration in Veterans Affairs patients with bipolar disorder.
Related JoVE Video
Patterns of primary care and mortality among patients with schizophrenia or diabetes: a cluster analysis approach to the retrospective study of healthcare utilization.
BMC Health Serv Res
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Patients with schizophrenia have difficulty managing their medical healthcare needs, possibly resulting in delayed treatment and poor outcomes. We analyzed whether patients reduced primary care use over time, differentially by diagnosis with schizophrenia, diabetes, or both schizophrenia and diabetes. We also assessed whether such patterns of primary care use were a significant predictor of mortality over a 4-year period.
Related JoVE Video
Medical comorbidity among youth diagnosed with bipolar disorder in the United States.
J Clin Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 03-10-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
This study examines the number and type of medical comorbidities among youth diagnosed with bipolar disorder.
Related JoVE Video
Perceived access to general medical and psychiatric care among veterans with bipolar disorder.
Am J Public Health
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We examined associations between patient characteristics and self-reported difficulties in accessing mental health and general medical care services.
Related JoVE Video
Mortality and guideline-concordant care for older patients with schizophrenia: a retrospective longitudinal study.
BMC Med
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Schizophrenia is associated with excess mortality and multimorbidity, which is possibly associated with difficulty in coordinating care for multiple mental and physical comorbidities. We analyzed the receipt by patients with schizophrenia of 11 types of guideline-concordant care and the association of such care with survival.
Related JoVE Video
Antiepileptic drug monotherapy exposure and suicide-related behavior in older veterans.
J Am Geriatr Soc
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
To examine the association between antiepileptic drug (AED) receipt and suicide-related behavior (SRB) in older veterans.
Related JoVE Video
Primary care-mental health integration and treatment retention among Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans.
Psychol Serv
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Despite the high prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and medical comorbidity among veterans from Iraq/Afghanistan (OEF/OIF), keeping these patients engaged in health care is challenging. Primary Care-Mental Health Integration (PC-MHI), an initiative in the Veterans Health Administration (VA), sought to improve access to mental health care from within primary care. This study examined the lag between first PC-MHI visit and next mental/medical care visit, if any, and the relationship of PC-MHI with short-term (subsequent year) and long-term (4 years later) use of VA. We identified 2,470 OEF/OIF veterans receiving care during fiscal year 2006 (FY06) in a regional VA health care system. Unconditional survival analysis modeled time to next mental/medical visit and logistic regression modeled short- and long-term care as a function of PC-MHI, demographics, and clinical covariates. Of 181 patients in the PC-MHI program, 60%/18% returned for mental/medical care within 1 month, and 82%/74% within 1 year. Sixty-one percent (1,503) were still using the VA in FY09. Short-term mental care was related to prior-year PC-MHI. Consistent correlates of short- and long-term mental/medical care included physical comorbidity and Priority 1 status. Most patients attended mental health appointments subsequent to PC-MHI, and PC-MHI was correlated with mental health treatment retention in adjusted models for our cohort. Need for treatment, notably VA Priority 1 status and physical comorbidity, were the primary correlates of care-seeking. Developing innovative approaches to engaging new veterans in care remains imperative as multiple options will be necessary to meet the needs of these complex patients.
Related JoVE Video
Can medication management coordinators help improve continuity of care after psychiatric hospitalization?
Psychiatr Serv
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
This demonstration project examined whether medication management coordinators enhanced continuity of care from inpatient facilities to an outpatient public mental health clinic.
Related JoVE Video
Impact of the Chronic Care Model on medication adherence when patients perceive cost as a barrier.
Prim Care Diabetes
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Cost burdens represent a significant barrier to medication adherence among chronically ill patients, yet financial pressures may be mitigated by clinical or organizational factors, such as treatment aligned with the Chronic Care Model (CCM). This study examines how perceptions of chronic illness care attenuate the relationship between adherence and cost burden.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.