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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
A single-blinded randomised clinical trial of permissive underfeeding in patients requiring parenteral nutrition.
Clin Nutr
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2014
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The importance of adequate nutritional support is well established, but characterising what 'adequate nutrition' represents remains contentious. In recent years there has been increasing interest in the concept of 'permissive underfeeding' where patients are intentionally prescribed less nutrition than their calculated requirements. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of permissive underfeeding on septic and nutrition related morbidity in patients requiring short term parenteral nutrition (PN).
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Impact of probiotics on colonic microflora in patients with colitis: A prospective double blind randomised crossover study.
Int J Surg
PUBLISHED: 07-29-2013
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The aim of this study was to investigate the spectrum of colonic microflora in patients with colitis and if this could be altered with one months treatment with synbiotics.
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Avoiding radical surgery after pre-operative chemoradiotherapy: a possible therapeutic option in rectal cancer?
Acta Oncol
PUBLISHED: 12-07-2011
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In this modern era of multi-modality treatment there is increasing interest in the possibility of avoiding radical surgery in complete responders after neo-adjuvant long-course chemoradiotherapy (LCPRT). In this article, we present a systematic review of such treatments and discuss their therapeutic applicability for the future.
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Oxidative stress in laparoscopic versus open abdominal surgery: a systematic review.
J. Surg. Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2011
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Any form of trauma, including surgery, is known to result in oxidative stress. Increased intra-abdominal pressure during pneumoperitoneum and inflation-deflation may cause ischemia reperfusion and, hence, oxidative stress may be greater during laparoscopic surgery. The aim of this study was to systemically review the literature to compare oxidative stress in laparoscopic and open procedures.
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Perioperative multimodal optimisation in patients undergoing surgery for fractured neck of femur.
Surgeon
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2011
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Enhanced Recovery after Surgery protocols are associated with reduced length of stay and morbidity in patients undergoing major surgery. The aim of this audit was to assess the impact of a multimodal optimisation protocol in patients admitted with fractured neck of femur.
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Colonoscopy in the octogenarian population: diagnostic and survival outcomes from a large series of patients.
Surgeon
PUBLISHED: 06-15-2010
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Our aim was to audit the diagnostic and survival outcomes of colonoscopy in octogenarians and to determine if it confers any survival benefit.
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Early restoration of intestinal continuity in acute mesenteric ischaemia using Bishop-Koop stoma.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl
PUBLISHED: 04-24-2010
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Acute mesenteric ischaemia frequently requires extensive bowel resection. Primary anastomosis is unsafe necessitating exteriorisation of proximal small bowel and distal colon. Inevitably, therefore, patients are left with high output stomas with concomitant fluid and nutritional problems.
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Predictors of length of stay in patients having elective colorectal surgery within an enhanced recovery protocol.
Int J Surg
PUBLISHED: 04-12-2010
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Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways has been shown to minimize the duration of hospital stay. The aim of this study was to identify which factors have the greatest impact at reducing the length of stay within an enhanced recovery programme.
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Could pre-mortem computerised tomography scans reduce the need for coroners post-mortem examinations?
Ann R Coll Surg Engl
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2010
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Post-mortem examinations may result in considerable distress to the bereaved family. This audit was undertaken to examine whether computerised tomography (CT) scanning prior to death might reduce the need for post-mortems without compromising the accuracy of recording the cause of death.
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Current pattern of perioperative practice in elective colorectal surgery; a questionnaire survey of ACPGBI members.
Int J Surg
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2010
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Enhanced recovery programmes (ERAS) are safe and have been shown to decrease the length of the hospital stay and complications following colorectal surgery. However implementation of ERAS requires dedicated resources. In addition, the practice of ERAS still varies between different surgeons and in different centres.
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Bedside postpyloric feeding tube placement: a pilot series to validate this novel technique.
Crit. Care Med.
PUBLISHED: 05-07-2009
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Postpyloric feeding may facilitate tolerance to enteral nutrition (EN) and offers an alternative route of feed administration when prepyloric EN fails. However, this is constrained by the difficulty of establishing nasojejunal (NJ) tube placement, which may necessitate endoscopy or radiology with the inevitable delay in the instigation of treatment. A bedside technique of NJ tube insertion has, therefore, been developed to permit blind postpyloric intubation. The primary aim of this audit was to validate the success of bedside NJ tube placement using the described technique. Secondary end points included the time taken to establish EN and the value of aspirate pH as an indicator of tube tip placement.
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Changes in superior mesenteric artery blood flow after oral, enteral, and parenteral feeding in humans.
Crit. Care Med.
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2009
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Alterations in splanchnic blood flow cause gut ischemia and may predispose to gut-derived sepsis. Increases in superior mesenteric artery (SMA) blood flow occur follow the oral ingestion of food, but the effects of enteral nutrition (EN) on splanchnic perfusion are poorly defined and those of parenteral nutrition (PN) are unknown in humans. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in SMA flow in healthy controls and patients receiving adjuvant nutrition.
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ESPEN Guidelines on Parenteral Nutrition: central venous catheters (access, care, diagnosis and therapy of complications).
Clin Nutr
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2009
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When planning parenteral nutrition (PN), the proper choice, insertion, and nursing of the venous access are of paramount importance. In hospitalized patients, PN can be delivered through short-term, non-tunneled central venous catheters, through peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC), or - for limited period of time and with limitation in the osmolarity and composition of the solution - through peripheral venous access devices (short cannulas and midline catheters). Home PN usually requires PICCs or - if planned for an extended or unlimited time - long-term venous access devices (tunneled catheters and totally implantable ports). The most appropriate site for central venous access will take into account many factors, including the patients conditions and the relative risk of infective and non-infective complications associated with each site. Ultrasound-guided venepuncture is strongly recommended for access to all central veins. For parenteral nutrition, the ideal position of the catheter tip is between the lower third of the superior cava vein and the upper third of the right atrium; this should preferably be checked during the procedure. Catheter-related bloodstream infection is an important and still too common complication of parenteral nutrition. The risk of infection can be reduced by adopting cost-effective, evidence-based interventions such as proper education and specific training of the staff, an adequate hand washing policy, proper choices of the type of device and the site of insertion, use of maximal barrier protection during insertion, use of chlorhexidine as antiseptic prior to insertion and for disinfecting the exit site thereafter, appropriate policies for the dressing of the exit site, routine changes of administration sets, and removal of central lines as soon as they are no longer necessary. Most non-infective complications of central venous access devices can also be prevented by appropriate, standardized protocols for line insertion and maintenance. These too depend on appropriate choice of device, skilled implantation and correct positioning of the catheter, adequate stabilization of the device (preferably avoiding stitches), and the use of infusion pumps, as well as adequate policies for flushing and locking lines which are not in use.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.