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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Genetic susceptibility to hepatoxicity due to bosentan treatment in pulmonary hypertension.
Ann Hepatol
PUBLISHED: 10-22-2014
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Background. Hepatotoxicity is a major side effect of treatment with bosentan in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Bosentan is metabolized by the cytochrome CYP2C9 and inhibits the bile salt export pump, which is encoded by ABCB11. This suggests that genetic variants of CYP2C9 and/or ABCB11 may predispose patients to bosentan-induced liver injury. Material and methods. PH patients with (n = 23) or without (n = 25) an increase of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate-aminotransferase (AST) during bosentan therapy were included in our analysis. Functionally relevant alleles of CYP2C9 and 16 representative variants of ABCB11 were genotyped. Data were analyzed using logistic regression. Results. Variants of ABCB11 were not associated with bosentan-induced liver injury. In contrast, variant alleles of CYP2C9 were more common in patients with elevated transaminases (allele frequency 52%) compared to controls (allele frequency 24%, P = 0.04, odds ratio 3.5, 95% confidence interval 1.01-11.8). Conclusion. Our data indicate hepatotoxicity of bosentan from decreased hepatic metabolism due to common variants of CYP2C9.
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Polymorphisms at PRSS1-PRSS2 and CLDN2-MORC4 loci associate with alcoholic and non-alcoholic chronic pancreatitis in a European replication study.
Gut
PUBLISHED: 09-24-2014
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Several genetic risk factors have been identified for non-alcoholic chronic pancreatitis (NACP). A genome-wide association study reported an association of chronic pancreatitis (CP) with variants in PRSS1-PRSS2 (rs10273639; near the gene encoding cationic trypsinogen) and CLDN2-MORC4 loci (rs7057398 in RIPPLY1 and rs12688220 in MORC4). We aimed to refine these findings in a large European cohort.
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A common polymorphism in the NCAN gene is associated with hepatocellular carcinoma in alcoholic liver disease.
J. Hepatol.
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2014
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The genetic background of alcoholic liver diseases and their complications are increasingly recognized. A common polymorphism in the neurocan (NCAN) gene, which is known to be expressed in neuronal tissue, has been identified as a risk factor for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We investigated if this polymorphism may also be related to alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
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Variants in CPA1 are strongly associated with early onset chronic pancreatitis.
Nat. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 04-18-2013
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Chronic pancreatitis is an inflammatory disorder of the pancreas. We analyzed CPA1, encoding carboxypeptidase A1, in subjects with nonalcoholic chronic pancreatitis (cases) and controls in a German discovery set and three replication sets. Functionally impaired variants were present in 29/944 (3.1%) German cases and 5/3,938 (0.1%) controls (odds ratio (OR) = 24.9, P = 1.5 × 10(-16)). The association was strongest in subjects aged ? 10 years (9.7%; OR = 84.0, P = 4.1 × 10(-24)). In the replication sets, defective CPA1 variants were present in 8/600 (1.3%) cases and 9/2,432 (0.4%) controls from Europe (P = 0.01), 5/230 (2.2%) cases and 0/264 controls from India (P = 0.02) and 5/247 (2.0%) cases and 0/341 controls from Japan (P = 0.013). The mechanism by which CPA1 variants confer increased pancreatitis risk may involve misfolding-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress rather than elevated trypsin activity, as is seen with other genetic risk factors for this disease.
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Genetic and biochemical evidence for a functional role of BACE1 in the regulation of insulin mRNA expression.
Obesity (Silver Spring)
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2013
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Beta-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme (BACE1) is highly expressed in pancreatic ?-cells. The BACE1 gene is located in a region associated with a high diabetes risk in PIMA Indians.
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When in doubt, take it out? Cholestasis and obstructive gastric outlet syndrome in a patient with suspected chronic pancreatitis.
Pancreatology
PUBLISHED: 02-09-2013
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In some patients with tumors located in the pancreas or in the periampullary region, the decision to perform a surgical resection can be difficult. In patients with concomitant chronic pancreatitis this decision can be even more challenging, since a definitive preoperative differentiation between non-malignant and malignant tumors in many cases is not possible. Clinical symptoms or complications from the tumor often direct a rational treatment strategy. For therapeutic decisions, an interdisciplinary discussion of all diagnostic findings by experienced clinicians is needed. However, in rare cases, like the one presented here, an uncommon non-malignant entity like a periampullary hamartoma may be only diagnosed after surgical resection.
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Pre-study protocol MagPEP: a multicentre randomized controlled trial of magnesium sulphate in the prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis.
BMC Gastroenterol
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2013
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Acute pancreatitis is the most common complication of diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). In spite of continuing research, no pharmacologic agent capable of effectively reducing the incidence of ERCP-induced pancreatitis has found its way into clinical practise. A number of experimental studies suggest that intrapancreatic calcium concentrations play an important role in the initiation of intracellular protease activation, an initiating step in the course of acute pancreatitis. Magnesium can act as a calcium-antagonist and counteracts effects in calcium signalling. It can thereby attenuate the intracellular activation of proteolytic digestive enzymes in the pancreas and reduces the severity of experimental pancreatitis when administered either intravenously or as a food supplement.
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Influence of the CXCL1 rs4074 A Allele on Alcohol Induced Cirrhosis and HCC in Patients of European Descent.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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CXCL1 (CXC chemokine-ligand-1) is a ligand for CXC chemokine receptor 2 expressed on hepatic stellate cells (HSC). Thus, CXCL1 might contribute to HSC activation and fibrogenesis. In the present study, we investigated the influence of the CXCL1 rs4074 polymorphism on the occurrence of alcohol induced liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
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Common CFTR haplotypes and susceptibility to chronic pancreatitis and congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens.
Hum. Mutat.
PUBLISHED: 04-04-2011
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CFTR mutations enhance susceptibility for idiopathic chronic pancreatitis (ICP) and congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD); however, it is unknown why CFTR heterozygotes are at increased disease risk. We recently showed that common CFTR variants are associated with aberrantly spliced transcripts. Here, we genotyped for common CFTR variants and tested for associations in two ICP (ICP-A: 126 patients, 319 controls; ICP-B: 666 patients, 1,181 controls) and a CBAVD population (305 patients, 319 controls). Haplotype H10 (TG11-T7-470V) conferred protection (ICP-A: OR 0.19, P<0.0001; ICP-B: OR 0.78, P = 0.06; CBAVD OR 0.08, P<0.001), whereas haplotype H3 (TG10-T7-470M) increased disease risk (ICP-A: OR 8.34, P = 0.003; ICP-B: OR 1.88, P = 0.007; CBAVD: OR 5.67, P = 0.01). The risk of heterozygous CFTR mutations carriers for ICP (OR 2.44, P<0.001) and CBAVD (OR 14.73, P<0.001) was fully abrogated by the H10/H10 genotype. Similarly, ICP risk of heterozygous p.Asn34Ser SPINK1 mutation carriers (OR 10.34, P<0.001) was compensated by H10/H10. Thus, common CFTR haplotypes modulate ICP and CBAVD susceptibility alone and in heterozygous CFTR and p.Asn34Ser mutation carriers. Determination of these haplotypes helps to stratify carriers into high- and low-risk subjects, providing helpful information for genetic counseling.
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Complete analysis of the human mesotrypsinogen gene (PRSS3) in patients with chronic pancreatitis.
Pancreatology
PUBLISHED: 05-13-2010
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A sustained imbalance of pancreatic proteases and their inhibitors seems to be important for the development of chronic pancreatitis (CP). Mesotrypsin (PRSS3) can degrade intrapancreatic trypsin inhibitors that protect against CP. Genetic variants that cause higher mesotrypsin activity might increase the risk for CP.
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Sequence analysis of the human tyrosylprotein sulfotransferase-2 gene in subjects with chronic pancreatitis.
Pancreatology
PUBLISHED: 05-12-2010
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Human trypsinogens are post-translationally sulfated on Tyr154 by the Golgi resident enzyme tyrosylprotein sulfotransferase-2 (TPST2). Tyrosine sulfation stimulates the autoactivation of human cationic trypsinogen. Because increased trypsinogen autoactivation has been implicated as a pathogenic mechanism in chronic pancreatitis, we hypothesized that genetic variants of TPST2 might alter the risk for the disease.
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A variant of the SLC10A2 gene encoding the apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter is a risk factor for gallstone disease.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 07-30-2009
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Cholelithiasis is a multifactorial process and several mechanisms of gallstone formation have been postulated. As one of these mechanisms, a decreased expression of the ileal apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter gene SLC10A2 in gallstone carriers was described previously. In this study the SLC10A2 gene was investigated to identify novel genetic variants and their association with gallstone formation.
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Angiotensin-converting enzyme insertion/deletion polymorphism in patients with acute and chronic pancreatitis.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol
PUBLISHED: 03-25-2009
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Reduction in angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity has been shown to attenuate pancreatic stellate cell activation and pancreatic fibrosis and suggested as a potential treatment for chronic pancreatitis. The ACE gene insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism in intron 16 accounts for nearly half the variation in serum ACE levels. This study determined the frequency of the I/D polymorphism in patients with acute and chronic pancreatitis.
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The role of epoxide hydrolase Y113H gene variant in pancreatic diseases.
Pancreas
PUBLISHED: 03-17-2009
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Chronic pancreatitis (CP) and pancreatic adenocarcinoma (pCA) are associated with risk factors such as alcohol intake and tobacco smoking. Microsomal epoxide hydrolase (EPHX1) is a phase II detoxifying enzyme capable of tobacco-borne toxicant inactivation. We studied the role of the EPHX1 c.337T>C (p.Y113H) variant, whichleads to altered enzyme activity, in pancreatic diseases.
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Genetic analyses of heme oxygenase 1 (HMOX1) in different forms of pancreatitis.
PLoS ONE
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Heme oxygenase 1 (HMOX1) is the rate limiting enzyme in heme degradation and a key regulator of inflammatory processes. In animal models the course of pancreatitis was ameliorated by up-regulation of HMOX1 expression. Additionally, carbon monoxide released during heme breakdown inhibited proliferation of pancreatic stellate cells and might thereby prevent the development of chronic pancreatitis (CP). Transcription of HMOX1 in humans is influenced by a GT-repeat located in the promoter. As such, HMOX1 variants might be of importance in the pathogenesis of pancreatitis.
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CFTR, SPINK1, CTRC and PRSS1 variants in chronic pancreatitis: is the role of mutated CFTR overestimated?
Gut
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In chronic pancreatitis (CP), alterations in several genes have so far been described, but only small cohorts have been extensively investigated for all predisposing genes.
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A common variant of PNPLA3 (p.I148M) is not associated with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis.
PLoS ONE
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Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is an inflammatory disease that in some patients leads to exocrine and endocrine dysfunction. In industrialized countries the most common aetiology is chronic alcohol abuse. Descriptions of associated genetic alterations in alcoholic CP are rare. However, a common PNPLA3 variant (p.I148M) is associated with the development of alcoholic liver cirrhosis (ALC). Since, alcoholic CP and ALC share the same aetiology PNPLA3 variant (p.I148M) possibly influences the development of alcoholic CP.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.