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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Biliary repair and carcinogenesis are mediated by IL-33-dependent cholangiocyte proliferation.
J. Clin. Invest.
PUBLISHED: 04-10-2014
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Injury to the biliary epithelium triggers inflammation and fibrosis, which can result in severe liver diseases and may progress to malignancy. Development of a type 1 immune response has been linked to biliary injury pathogenesis; however, a subset of patients with biliary atresia, the most common childhood cholangiopathy, exhibit increased levels of Th2-promoting cytokines. The relationship among different inflammatory drivers, epithelial repair, and carcinogenesis remains unclear. Here, we determined that the Th2-activating cytokine IL-33 is elevated in biliary atresia patient serum and in the livers and bile ducts of mice with experimental biliary atresia. Administration of IL-33 to WT mice markedly increased cholangiocyte proliferation and promoted sustained cell growth, resulting in dramatic and rapid enlargement of extrahepatic bile ducts. The IL-33-dependent proliferative response was mediated by an increase in the number of type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s), which released high levels of IL-13 that in turn promoted cholangiocyte hyperplasia. Induction of the IL-33/ILC2/IL-13 circuit in a murine biliary injury model promoted epithelial repair; however, induction of this circuit in mice with constitutive activation of AKT and YAP in bile ducts induced cholangiocarcinoma with liver metastases. These findings reveal that IL-33 mediates epithelial proliferation and suggest that activation of IL-33/ILC2/IL-13 may improve biliary repair and disruption of the circuit may block progression of carcinogenesis.
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Sulfated polysaccharides isolated from the green seaweed Caulerpa racemosa plays antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities in a way dependent on HO-1 pathway activation.
Inflamm. Res.
PUBLISHED: 02-24-2014
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Marine algae are abundant sources of sulfated polysaccharides with various biological activities. Consequently, their biomolecules are of great of commercial interest. In this study, we investigated the potential antinociceptive activity of a sulfated polysaccharide obtained from the green seaweed Caulerpa racemosa (CrII) and the involvement of the hemoxigenase-1 (HO-1) pathway in its anti-inflammatory effect.
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Trends in screen time on week and weekend days in a representative sample of Southern Brazil students.
J Public Health (Oxf)
PUBLISHED: 02-08-2014
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Economic and technological improvements can help increase screen time use among adolescents, but evidence in developing countries is scarce. The aim of this study was to examine changes in TV watching and computer/video game use patterns on week and weekend days after a decade (2001 and 2011), among students in Santa Catarina, southern Brazil.
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Gene expression signature for biliary atresia and a role for interleukin-8 in pathogenesis of experimental disease.
Hepatology
PUBLISHED: 01-28-2014
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Biliary atresia (BA) is a progressive fibroinflammatory obstruction of extrahepatic bile ducts that presents as neonatal cholestasis. Due to the overlap in clinical, biochemical, and histological features with other causes of cholestasis, the diagnosis requires an intraoperative cholangiogram. Thus, we determined whether diseased livers express a gene expression signature unique to BA. Applying stringent statistical analysis to a genome-wide liver expression platform of 64 infants with BA at the time of diagnosis, 14 age-appropriate subjects with intrahepatic cholestasis as diseased controls and seven normal controls, we identified 15 genes uniquely expressed in BA with an accuracy of 92.3%. Among these genes, IL8 and LAMC2 were sufficient to classify subjects with BA distinctly from diseased controls with an area under the curve of 0.934 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.84-1.03), sensitivity of 96.9%, and specificity of 85.7% using their combined first principal component. Direct measurement of interleukin (IL)8 protein in the serum, however, was not different between the two groups. To investigate whether the liver-restricted increase in IL8 was relevant to disease pathogenesis, we inactivated the signaling of IL8 homologs by genetic targeting of the Cxcr2 receptor in a murine model of experimental BA. Disruption of Cxcr2 shortened the duration of cholestasis, decreased the incidence of bile duct obstruction, and improved survival above wild-type neonatal mice.
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Construction of terminology subsets: contributions to clinical nursing practice.
Rev Esc Enferm USP
PUBLISHED: 12-07-2013
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The International Classification for Nursing Practice (ICNP®) is a classification system that unifies the elements of nursing practice (diagnoses, interventions and outcomes), enabling elucidation of elements of a specific nursing language through the construction of terminology subsets. In this reflective essay, aspects relevant to the construction of ICNP® terminology subsets are highlighted, as well as their contributions to clinical nursing practice. The development of subsets as a tool that contributes to making nursing language universal, facilitates the communication process, as well as the scientific and technological advancement of the profession, is discussed. Therefore, its use by nurses worldwide is encouraged.
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Integrative genomics identifies candidate microRNAs for pathogenesis of experimental biliary atresia.
BMC Syst Biol
PUBLISHED: 09-26-2013
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Biliary atresia is a fibroinflammatory obstruction of extrahepatic bile duct that leads to end-stage liver disease in children. Despite advances in understanding the pathogenesis of biliary atresia, very little is known about the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in onset and progression of the disease. In this study, we aimed to investigate the entire biliary transcriptome to identify miRNAs with potential role in the pathogenesis of bile duct obstruction.
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Replication of a GWAS signal in a Caucasian population implicates ADD3 in susceptibility to biliary atresia.
Hum. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 06-20-2013
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In the United States, biliary atresia (BA) is the most frequent indication for liver transplantation in pediatric patients. BA is a complex disease, with suspected environmental and genetic risk factors. A genome-wide association study in Chinese patients identified association to the 10q24.2 (hg18) genomic region. This signal was upstream of two genes, XPNPEP1 and ADD3, both expressed in intrahepatic bile ducts. We tested association to this region in 171 BA patients and 1,630 controls of European descent and found the strongest signal to be at rs7099604 (p = 2.5 × 10(-3)) in intron 1 of the ADD3 gene. Moreover, expression data suggest that ADD3, but not XPNPEP1, is differentially expressed in BA patients. The role of ADD3 in biliary development is unclear, but our findings suggest that this gene may be functionally relevant for the development of BA.
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Extrahepatic Anomalies in Infants With Biliary Atresia: Results of a Large Prospective North American Multicenter Study.
Hepatology
PUBLISHED: 04-28-2013
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The etiology of biliary atresia (BA) is unknown. Given that patterns of anomalies might provide etiopathogenetic clues, we used data from the North American Childhood Liver Disease Research and Education Network to analyze patterns of anomalies in infants with BA. In all, 289 infants who were enrolled in the prospective database prior to surgery at any of 15 participating centers were evaluated. Group 1 was nonsyndromic, isolated BA (without major malformations) (n = 242, 84%), Group 2 was BA and at least one malformation considered major as defined by the National Birth Defects Prevention Study but without laterality defects (n = 17, 6%). Group 3 was syndromic, with laterality defects (n = 30, 10%). In the population as a whole, anomalies (either major or minor) were most prevalent in the cardiovascular (16%) and gastrointestinal (14%) systems. Group 3 patients accounted for the majority of subjects with cardiac, gastrointestinal, and splenic anomalies. Group 2 subjects also frequently displayed cardiovascular (71%) and gastrointestinal (24%) anomalies; interestingly, this group had genitourinary anomalies more frequently (47%) compared to Group 3 subjects (10%). Conclusion: This study identified a group of BA (Group 2) that differed from the classical syndromic and nonsyndromic groups and that was defined by multiple malformations without laterality defects. Careful phenotyping of the patterns of anomalies may be critical to the interpretation of both genetic and environmental risk factors associated with BA, allowing new insight into pathogenesis and/or outcome. (Hepatology 2013).
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Identification of intramural epithelial networks linked to peribiliary glands that express progenitor cell markers and proliferate after injury in mice.
Hepatology
PUBLISHED: 04-18-2013
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Peribiliary glands (PBGs) are clusters of epithelial cells residing in the submucosal compartment of extrahepatic bile ducts (EHBDs). Though their function is largely undefined, they may represent a stem cell niche. Here, we hypothesized that PBGs are populated by mature and undifferentiated cells capable of proliferation in pathological states. To address this hypothesis, we developed a novel whole-mount immunostaining assay that preserves the anatomical integrity of EHBDs coupled with confocal microscopy and found that PBGs populate the entire length of the extrahepatic biliary tract, except the gallbladder. Notably, in addition to the typical position of PBGs adjacent to the duct mucosa, PBGs elongate and form intricate intramural epithelial networks that communicate between different segments of the bile duct mucosa. Network formation begins where the cystic duct combines with hepatic ducts to form the common bile duct (CBD) and continues along the CBD. Cells of PBGs and the peribiliary network stain positively for ?-tubulin, mucins, and chromogranin A, as well as for endoderm transcription factors SRY (sex determining region Y)-box 17 and pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1, and proliferate robustly subsequent to duct injury induced by virus infection and bile duct ligation. Conclusion: PBGs form elaborate epithelial networks within the walls of EHBDs, contain cells of mature and immature phenotypes, and proliferate in response to bile duct injury. The anatomical organization of the epithelial network in tubules and the link with PBGs support an expanded cellular reservoir with the potential to restore the integrity and function of the bile duct mucosa in diseased states.
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Perforin and granzymes work in synergy to mediate cholangiocyte injury in experimental biliary atresia.
J. Hepatol.
PUBLISHED: 04-11-2013
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Biliary atresia represents obstructive cholangiopathy in infants progressing rapidly to cirrhosis and end-stage liver disease. Activated NK cells expressing Nkg2d have been linked to bile duct injury and obstruction by establishing contact with cholangiocytes. To define the mechanisms used by cytotoxic cells, we investigated the role of perforin and granzymes in a neonatal mouse model of rotavirus (RRV)-induced biliary atresia.
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Changes in television viewing and computers/videogames use among high school students in Southern Brazil between 2001 and 2011.
Int J Public Health
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2013
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OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of television (TV) watching and of computer/videogame use among high school students (15-19 years) from Southern Brazil between 2001 and 2011 and to identify associated socio-demographic factors. METHODS: Panel studies were conducted with high school students in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, in 2001 (n = 5,028) and 2011 (n = 6,529). TV watching and computer/videogame use were collected using questionnaires. RESULTS: Prevalence of ?2 h/day of TV watching dropped from 76.8 to 61.5 % and ?2 h/day of computer/videogame use increased from 37.9 to 60.6 %. In both surveys, those aged 15-16 and those who did not work had higher likelihoods of being exposed to ?2 h/day of TV watching. Boys, those with higher family income, and those who were living in urban areas had higher likelihoods of ?2 h/day of computer/videogame use. Older age, studying at night and not working were protective factors to these behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: After a decade, there was a decrease in the prevalence of TV viewing and an increase in computer/videogame use. Socio-demographic factors were differently associated with these behaviors.
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Antinociceptive and wound healing activities of Croton adamantinus Müll. Arg. essential oil.
J Nat Med
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2013
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Leaves of Croton adamantinus have been used to treat inflammation and skin wounds in the semi-arid area of the Northeast of Brazil. In order to evaluate if the essential oil (EO) was responsible for the claimed activities; antinociceptive, wound healing and antimicrobial tests were carried out. Twenty constituents were identified in C. adamantinus EO by GC-MS, ¹H-NMR and ¹³C-NMR, the major compounds being methyl-eugenol (14.81%) and 1,8-cineol (13.74%). Antinociceptive activity was evaluated by the formalin test and the abdominal contortion assay in mice. The EO (50 and 100 mg/kg) decreased the licking time of both phases of the formalin test when compared to the vehicle, but not to morphine (7.5 mg/kg). In the abdominal contortion assay, the EO (50 and 100 mg/kg) reduced the number of contortions compared to the vehicle and to indometacin (10 mg/kg). The wound healing activity was verified also using two experimental models: excisional wound and dead space. Topical treatment with the EO (1%) increased the wound contraction from the third day of treatment (compared with nitrofurazone 0.2%), while systemic treatment (50 mg/kg/day) increased granulation tissue formation and reduced the water content. C. adamantinus EO also showed antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus in disk diffusion method. These results corroborate the ethnobotanical use of this specie by Brazilian population.
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Antiophidic solanidane steroidal alkaloids from Solanum campaniforme.
J. Nat. Prod.
PUBLISHED: 09-30-2011
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Three new solanidane alkaloids bearing a 22,23-epoxy ring (1-3) and four known compounds were isolated from leaves of Solanum campaniforme. The structures were determined using spectroscopic techniques, including 1D and 2D NMR, and HRESIMS experiments. The antiophidic activity of the alkaloids was tested against Bothrops pauloensis venom. Compounds 1-3 completely inhibited myotoxicity without inhibiting phospholipase A2 activity of the venom, while hemorrhage and skin necrosis were significantly reduced in the presence of alkaloids 1 and 2.
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Dendritic cells regulate natural killer cell activation and epithelial injury in experimental biliary atresia.
Sci Transl Med
PUBLISHED: 09-30-2011
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Biliary atresia is the most common cholangiopathy of childhood. During infancy, an idiopathic activation of the neonatal immune system targets the biliary epithelium, obstructs bile ducts, and disrupts the anatomic continuity between the liver and the intestine. Here, we use a model of virus-induced biliary atresia in newborn mice to trace the initiating pathogenic disease mechanisms to resident plasmacytoid (pDCs) and conventional (cDCs) dendritic cells. We found pDCs to be the most abundant DC population in the livers of newborn mice, and we observed pDCs in the livers of infants at the time of diagnosis. In the livers of newborn mice, cDCs spontaneously overexpressed the costimulatory molecule CD80 soon after birth, and pDCs produced the cytokine interleukin-15 (IL-15) in response to a virus insult. Both subtypes of primed DCs were required for the proliferation of T lymphocytes and the activation of natural killer cells. Disruption of this cellular network by depletion of pDCs or blockade of IL-15 signaling in mice in vivo prevented epithelial injury, maintained anatomic continuity of the bile duct, and promoted long-term survival. These findings identify cellular triggers of biliary injury and have implications for future therapies to block the progression of biliary atresia and liver disease.
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[Pap smear screening: sensations reported by nursing professionals when submitted to this test].
Cien Saude Colet
PUBLISHED: 06-10-2011
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This work sought to record the impressions of nursing assistants and technicians after submitting to Pap smear screening. This is a descriptive study using a qualitative approach conducted in September and October of 2006 with 35 employees of a public institution, which is a benchmark in gynecology in Fortaleza in the State of Ceará (Brazil). The data was collected through semi-structured interviews containing a recorded leading question and analyzed according to the methodological-theoretical reference of social phenomenology. The testimonials were separated in three groups: an exam that causes discomfort, fear and shame; an exam that causes anxiety about the results; and an exam that "makes me calm and relaxed". Despite the interviewees being part of an institution that cares for the prevention of cervical-uterine cancer in women, negative feelings about the Pap smear test were nonetheless reported. The conclusion reached is that it is important to stage educational campaigns emphasizing the importance of empowerment of patients in order to minimize these aspects.
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Th2 signals induce epithelial injury in mice and are compatible with the biliary atresia phenotype.
J. Clin. Invest.
PUBLISHED: 02-24-2011
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Biliary atresia (BA) is a destructive cholangiopathy of childhood in which Th1 immunity has been mechanistically linked to the bile duct inflammation and obstruction that culminate in liver injury. Based on reports of decreased Th1 cytokines in some patients and the development of BA in mice lacking CD4+ T cells, we hypothesized that Th1-independent mechanisms can also activate effector cells and induce BA. Here, we tested this hypothesis using Stat1-/- mice, which lack the ability to mount Th1 immune responses. Infection of Stat1-/- mice with rhesus rotavirus type A (RRV) on postnatal day 1 induced a prominent Th2 response, duct epithelial injury and obstruction within 7 days, and atresia shortly thereafter. A high degree of phosphorylation of the Th2 transcription factor Stat6 was observed; however, concurrent inactivation of Stat1 and Stat6 in mice did not prevent BA after RRV infection. In contrast, depletion of macrophages or combined loss of Il13 and Stat1 reduced tissue infiltration by lymphocytes and myeloid cells, maintained epithelial integrity, and prevented duct obstruction. In concordance with our mouse model, humans at the time of BA diagnosis exhibited differential hepatic expression of Th2 genes and serum Th2 cytokines. These findings demonstrate compatibility between Th2 commitment and the pathogenesis of BA, and suggest that patient subgrouping in future clinical trials should account for differences in Th2 status.
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Lampe1: an ENU-germline mutation causing spontaneous hepatosteatosis identified through targeted exon-enrichment and next-generation sequencing.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 02-22-2011
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Using a small scale ENU mutagenesis approach we identified a recessive germline mutant, designated Lampe1 that exhibited growth retardation and spontaneous hepatosteatosis. Low resolution mapping based on 20 intercrossed Lampe1 mice revealed linkage to a ?14 Mb interval on the distal site of chromosome 11 containing a total of 285 genes. Exons and 50 bp flanking sequences within the critical region were enriched with sequence capture microarrays and subsequently analyzed by next-generation sequencing. Using this approach 98.1 percent of the targeted DNA was covered with a depth of 10 or more reads per nucleotide and 3 homozygote mutations were identified. Two mutations represented intronic nucleotide changes whereas one mutation affected a splice donor site in intron 11-12 of Palmitoyl Acetyl-coenzyme A oxygenase-1 (Acox1), causing skipping of exon 12. Phenotyping of Acox1(Lampe1) mutants revealed a progression from hepatosteatosis to steatohepatitis, and ultimately hepatocellular carcinoma. The current approach provides a highly efficient and affordable method to identify causative mutations induced by ENU mutagenesis and animal models relevant to human pathology.
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Biliary atresia: will blocking inflammation tame the disease?
Annu. Rev. Med.
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2011
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Biliary atresia is the most common cholangiopathy of childhood. With complete obstruction of segments or the entire length of extrahepatic bile ducts, the timely pursuit of hepatoportoenterostomy is the best strategy to restore bile drainage. However, even with prompt surgical intervention, ongoing injury of intrahepatic bile ducts and progressive cholangiopathy lead to end-stage cirrhosis. The pace of disease progression is not uniform; it may relate to clinical forms of disease and/or staging of liver pathology at diagnosis. Although the etiology of disease is not yet defined, several biological processes have been linked to pathogenic mechanisms of bile duct injury. Among them, there is increasing evidence that the immune system targets the duct epithelium and disrupts bile flow. We discuss how careful clinical phenotyping, staging of disease, and basic mechanistic research are providing insights into clinical trial designs and directions for development of new therapies to block progression of disease.
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[Physical activity and sedentary behavior among adolescent high school students].
Rev Bras Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 08-05-2010
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To identify the prevalence of factors associated with insufficient physical activity levels and sedentary behavior among adolescents.
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Analysis of gene mutations in children with cholestasis of undefined etiology.
J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr.
PUBLISHED: 08-05-2010
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The discovery of genetic mutations in children with inherited syndromes of intrahepatic cholestasis allows for diagnostic specificity despite similar clinical phenotypes. Here, we aimed to determine whether mutation screening of target genes could assign a molecular diagnosis in children with idiopathic cholestasis.
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Cholestatic liver disease in children.
Curr Gastroenterol Rep
PUBLISHED: 04-29-2010
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Inherited syndromes of intrahepatic cholestasis and biliary atresia are the most common causes of chronic liver disease and the prime indication for liver transplantation in children. Our understanding of the pathogenesis of these diseases has increased substantially by the discovery of genetic mutations in children with intrahepatic cholestasis and the findings that inflammatory circuits are operative at the time of diagnosis of biliary atresia. Building on this solid foundation, recent studies provide new insight into genotype-phenotype relationships and how mutations produce altered bile composition and cholestasis. New evidence exists that although liver transplantation is curative for patients with end-stage liver disease owing to cholestasis, some patients may develop recurrence of cholestasis because of the emergence of autoantibodies that disrupt canalicular function in the new graft. Progress is also evident in biliary atresia, with recent studies identifying candidate modifier genes and directly implicating lymphocytes and inflammatory signals in the pathogenesis of bile duct injury and obstruction.
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Enrollment in physical education is associated with health-related behavior among high school students.
J Sch Health
PUBLISHED: 03-19-2010
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Physical education (PE) plays a critical role in the healthy development of youth; however, the influence of PE classes in helping to provide students with health-related behavior patterns is not clear. This study aims to analyze whether participation in PE classes is associated with health-related behavior among high school students.
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Macrophages are targeted by rotavirus in experimental biliary atresia and induce neutrophil chemotaxis by Mip2/Cxcl2.
Pediatr. Res.
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2010
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Biliary atresia is an obstructive cholangiopathy of unknown etiology. Although the adaptive immune system has been shown to regulate the obstruction of bile ducts in a rotavirus-induced mouse model, little is known about the virus-induced inflammatory response. Here, we hypothesized that cholangiocytes secrete chemoattractants in response to rotavirus. To test this hypothesis, we infected cholangiocyte and macrophage cell lines with rhesus rotavirus type A (RRV), quantified cytokines and chemokines and measured the migration of splenocytes. We also used PCR and immunostaining to search for new cellular targets of RRV in the liver. We found that RRV-infected cholangiocytes induced the mRNA expression for chemokines, but conditioned media failed to promote chemotaxis of splenocytes. Analyzing livers after viral challenge, we detected RRV in hepatic macrophages and demonstrated that media from RRV-infected macrophages have high concentrations of cytokines and chemokines and induced chemotaxis of neutrophils. Most notably, addition of anti-Mip2/Cxcl2 antibodies depleted this chemokine in the conditioned media and completely prevented neutrophil chemotaxis. In conclusion, infected cholangiocytes did not promote chemotaxis of inflammatory cells. Investigating alternate cellular targets of RRV, we detected the virus in hepatic macrophages and found that infected macrophages promoted neutrophil chemotaxis by release of Mip2/Cxcl2 in response to RRV.
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Staging of biliary atresia at diagnosis by molecular profiling of the liver.
Genome Med
PUBLISHED: 01-19-2010
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Young age at portoenterostomy has been linked to improved outcome in biliary atresia, but pre-existing biological factors may influence the rate of disease progression. In this study, we aimed to determine whether molecular profiling of the liver identifies stages of disease at diagnosis.
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[Prevalence of overweight and obesity and associated factors among public high school students in Pernambuco State, Brazil].
Cad Saude Publica
PUBLISHED: 09-14-2009
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This study aims to analyze the association between demographic, socioeconomic, school-related, and behavioral factors and overweight and obesity in adolescents. The sample included 4,210 public high school students (14-19 years old) in Pernambuco State, Brazil, selected by two-stage cluster sampling. Obesity and overweight were assessed using anthropometric measurements, and the Global School-Based Health Survey was used to collect personal and behavioral data. The cutoff points for defining overweight and obesity were those recommended by the International Obesity Task Force. Prevalence rates for overweight and obesity were 11.5% (95%CI: 10.7-12.8) and 2.4% (95%CI: 1.9-2.9), respectively. Overweight and obesity were more common in males who reported residing in urban areas and were not enrolled in physical education classes. Watching television 3+ hours/day was associated with obesity in females. Reducing TV time and encouraging enrollment in physical education could be effective measures to counteract the growing obesity trends.
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Neonatal NK cells target the mouse duct epithelium via Nkg2d and drive tissue-specific injury in experimental biliary atresia.
J. Clin. Invest.
PUBLISHED: 08-08-2009
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Biliary atresia is a neonatal obstructive cholangiopathy that progresses to end-stage liver disease. Although the etiology is unknown, a neonatal adaptive immune signature has been mechanistically linked to obstruction of the extrahepatic bile ducts. Here, we investigated the role of the innate immune response in the pathogenesis of biliary atresia. Analysis of livers of infants at diagnosis revealed that NK cells populate the vicinity of intrahepatic bile ducts and overexpress several genes involved in cytotoxicity. Using a model of rotavirus-induced biliary atresia in newborn mice, we found that activated NK cells also populated murine livers and were the most abundant cells in extrahepatic bile ducts at the time of obstruction. Rotavirus-primed hepatic NK cells lysed cholangiocytes in a contact- and Nkg2d-dependent fashion. Depletion of NK cells and blockade of Nkg2d each prevented injury of the duct epithelium after rotavirus infection, maintained continuity of duct lumen between the liver and duodenum, and enabled bile flow, despite the presence of virus in the tissue and the overexpression of proinflammatory cytokines. These findings identify NK cells as key initiators of cholangiocyte injury via Nkg2d and demonstrate that injury to the duct epithelium drives the phenotype of experimental biliary atresia.
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Serum alanine aminotransferase levels, hematocrit rate and body weight correlations before and after hemodialysis session.
Clinics (Sao Paulo)
PUBLISHED: 05-09-2009
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To evaluate alanine aminotransferase levels before and after a hemodialysis session and to correlate these values with the hematocrit rate and weight loss during hemodialysis.
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[Religiousness, alcohol consumption and smoking in adolescence].
Rev. Panam. Salud Publica
PUBLISHED: 03-13-2009
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To analyze the association between religiousness and exposure to alcohol consumption and smoking in adolescence.
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Plasmin-mediated proteolysis is required for hepatocyte growth factor activation during liver repair.
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 03-13-2009
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The physiological relevance of the activation of hepatocyte growth factor (Hgf) by the plasminogen (Plg) system of proteases and its contribution to tissue repair are largely undefined. Here, we investigated whether the defective liver repair in mice lacking Plg is due to impaired activation of Hgf. Loss of Plg in vivo suppressed Hgf activation and signaling through its Met tyrosine kinase receptor. Without Plg, hepatocytes were unresponsive to Hgf-induced proliferation and migration, with a more pronounced impairment in hepatocyte movement within the hepatic environment. Most notably, circumventing the defect in proteolytic activation of Hgf by the downstream expression of an activated Met receptor corrected the functional deficits and improved liver repair in Plg-deficient mice. These findings support a fibrinolysis-unrelated role for Plg in modulating cell proliferation and migration by activation of Hgf.
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Efficacy of fat-soluble vitamin supplementation in infants with biliary atresia.
Pediatrics
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Cholestasis predisposes to fat-soluble vitamin (FSV) deficiencies. A liquid multiple FSV preparation made with tocopheryl polyethylene glycol-1000 succinate (TPGS) is frequently used in infants with biliary atresia (BA) because of ease of administration and presumed efficacy. In this prospective multicenter study, we assessed the prevalence of FSV deficiency in infants with BA who received this FSV/TPGS preparation.
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The beneficial impact of revision of Kasai portoenterostomy for biliary atresia: an institutional study.
Ann. Surg.
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To determine whether portoenterostomy (PE) revision in patients afflicted with biliary atresia (BA) is a viable treatment option and, if so, identify which patients may benefit.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.