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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Characterization of lignocellulolytic activities from a moderate halophile strain of Aspergillus caesiellus isolated from a sugarcane bagasse fermentation.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2014
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A moderate halophile and thermotolerant fungal strain was isolated from a sugarcane bagasse fermentation in the presence of 2 M NaCl that was set in the laboratory. This strain was identified by polyphasic criteria as Aspergillus caesiellus. The fungus showed an optimal growth rate in media containing 1 M NaCl at 28°C and could grow in media added with up to 2 M NaCl. This strain was able to grow at 37 and 42°C, with or without NaCl. A. caesiellus H1 produced cellulases, xylanases, manganese peroxidase (MnP) and esterases. No laccase activity was detected in the conditions we tested. The cellulase activity was thermostable, halostable, and no differential expression of cellulases was observed in media with different salt concentrations. However, differential band patterns for cellulase and xylanase activities were detected in zymograms when the fungus was grown in different lignocellulosic substrates such as wheat straw, maize stover, agave fibres, sugarcane bagasse and sawdust. Optimal temperature and pH were similar to other cellulases previously described. These results support the potential of this fungus to degrade lignocellulosic materials and its possible use in biotechnological applications.
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A novel TctA citrate transporter from an activated sludge metagenome: structural and mechanistic predictions for the TTT family.
Proteins
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2014
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We isolated a putative citrate transporter of the tripartite tricarboxylate transporter (TTT) class from a metagenomic library of activated sludge from a sewage treatment plant. The transporter, dubbed TctA_ar, shares ?50% sequence identity with TctA of Comamonas testosteroni (TctA_ct) and other ?-Proteobacteria, and contains two 20-amino acid repeat signature sequences, considered a hallmark of this particular transporter class. The structures for both TctA_ar and TctA_ct were modeled with I-TASSER and two possible structures for this transporter family were proposed. Docking assays with citrate resulted in the corresponding sets of proposed critical residues for function. These models suggest functions for the 20-amino acid repeats in the context of the two different architectures. This constitutes the first attempt at structure modeling of the TTT family, to the best of our knowledge, and could aid functional understanding of this little-studied family.
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PcExl1 a novel acid expansin-like protein from the plant pathogen Pectobacterium carotovorum, binds cell walls differently to BsEXLX1.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Microbial expansins act on plant cell walls similarly to plant expansins, albeit their loosening activity levels are tenfold lesser compared to plant expansins. We report the characterization of an expansin-like gene from the plant pathogen Pectobacterium carotovorum, named exl1. PcExl1 is an acidic protein that binds cellulose (Avicel), and weakens filter paper. The acidic nature of PcExl1 confers different binding properties when compared to Bacillus subtilis BsEXLX1, which is a basic protein. PcExl1 binding to wheat cell wall increased when acidic components were depleted, reaching a similar level to the binding to Avicel, indicating that cellulose is the target of PcExl1.
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Optimization of methyl parathion biodegradation and detoxification by cells in suspension or immobilized on tezontle expressing the opd gene.
J Environ Sci Health B
PUBLISHED: 03-05-2013
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The goal of this study was to optimize methyl parathion (O,O-dimethyl-O-4-p-nitrophenyl phosphorothioate) degradation using a strain of Escherichia coli DH5? expressing the opd gene. Our results indicate that this strain had lower enzymatic activity compared to the Flavobacterium sp. ATCC 27551 strain from which the opd gene was derived. Both strains were assessed for their ability to degrade methyl parathion (MP) in a mineral salt medium with or without the addition of glucose either as suspended cells or immobilized on tezontle, a volcanic rock. MP was degraded by both strains with similar efficiencies, but immobilized cells degraded MP more efficiently than cells in suspension. However, the viability of E. coli cells was much higher than that of the Flavobacterium sp. We confirmed the decrease in toxicity from the treated effluents through acetylcholinesterase activity tests, indicating the potential of this method for the treatment of solutions containing MP.
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Loosenin, a novel protein with cellulose-disrupting activity from Bjerkandera adusta.
Microb. Cell Fact.
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2011
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Expansins and expansin-like proteins loosen cellulose microfibrils, possibly through the rupture of intramolecular hydrogen bonds. Together with the use of lignocellulolytic enzymes, these proteins are potential molecular tools to treat plant biomass to improve saccharification yields.
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Evaluation of different lignocellulosic substrates for the production of cellulases and xylanases by the basidiomycete fungi Bjerkandera adusta and Pycnoporus sanguineus.
Biodegradation
PUBLISHED: 05-26-2010
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Agricultural waste products are potential resources for the production of a number of industrial compounds, including biofuels. Basidiomycete fungi display a battery of hydrolytic enzymes with prospective use in lignocellulosic biomass transformation, however little work has been done regarding the characterization of such activities. Growth in several lignocellulosic substrates (oak and cedar sawdust, rice husk, corn stubble, wheat straw and Jatropha seed husk) and the production of cellulases and xylanases by two basidiomycete fungi: Bjerkandera adusta and Pycnoporus sanguineus were analyzed. Growth for P. sanguineus was best in rice husk while corn stubble supported the highest growth rate for B. adusta. Among the substrates tested, cedar sawdust produced the highest cellulolytic activities in both fungal species, followed by oak sawdust and wheat straw. Xylanolytic activity was best in oak and cedar sawdust for both species. We found no correlation between growth and enzyme production. Zymogram analysis of xylanases and cellulases showed that growth in different substrates produced particular combinations of protein bands with hydrolytic activity.
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DNA barcoding of the Mexican sedative and anxiolytic plant Galphimia glauca.
J Ethnopharmacol
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Galphimia glauca (Malpighiaceae) is a Mexican plant popularly used as a tranquilizer in the treatment of nervous system disorders, although it is also used to treat other common illnesses.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.