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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Early- versus late-onset systemic sclerosis: differences in clinical presentation and outcome in 1037 patients.
Medicine (Baltimore)
PUBLISHED: 03-21-2014
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Peak age at onset of systemic sclerosis (SSc) is between 20 and 50 years, although SSc is also described in both young and elderly patients. We conducted the present study to determine if age at disease onset modulates the clinical characteristics and outcome of SSc patients. The Spanish Scleroderma Study Group recruited 1037 patients with a mean follow-up of 5.2 ± 6.8 years. Based on the mean ± 1 standard deviation (SD) of age at disease onset (45 ± 15 yr) of the whole series, patients were classified into 3 groups: age ? 30 years (early onset), age between 31 and 59 years (standard onset), and age ? 60 years (late onset). We compared initial and cumulative manifestations, immunologic features, and death rates. The early-onset group included 195 patients; standard-onset group, 651; and late-onset, 191 patients. The early-onset group had a higher prevalence of esophageal involvement (72% in early-onset compared with 67% in standard-onset and 56% in late-onset; p = 0.004), and myositis (11%, 7.2%, and 2.9%, respectively; p = 0.009), but a lower prevalence of centromere antibodies (33%, 46%, and 47%, respectively; p = 0.007). In contrast, late-onset SSc was characterized by a lower prevalence of digital ulcers (54%, 41%, and 34%, respectively; p < 0.001) but higher rates of heart conduction system abnormalities (9%, 13%, and 21%, respectively; p = 0.004). Pulmonary hypertension was found in 25% of elderly patients and in 12% of the youngest patients (p = 0.010). After correction for the population effects of age and sex, standardized mortality ratio was shown to be higher in younger patients. The results of the present study confirm that age at disease onset is associated with differences in clinical presentation and outcome in SSc patients.
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A genome-wide association study follow-up suggests a possible role for PPARG in systemic sclerosis susceptibility.
Arthritis Res. Ther.
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2014
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A recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) comprising a French cohort of systemic sclerosis (SSc) reported several non-HLA single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) showing a nominal association in the discovery phase. We aimed to identify previously overlooked susceptibility variants by using a follow-up strategy.
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Somatic NLRP3 mosaicism in Muckle-Wells syndrome. A genetic mechanism shared by different phenotypes of cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes.
Ann. Rheum. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 12-12-2013
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Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome, Muckle-Wells syndrome (MWS), and chronic, infantile, neurological, cutaneous and articular (CINCA) syndrome are dominantly inherited autoinflammatory diseases associated to gain-of-function NLRP3 mutations and included in the cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS). A variable degree of somatic NLRP3 mosaicism has been detected in ?35% of patients with CINCA. However, no data are currently available regarding the relevance of this mechanism in other CAPS phenotypes.
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Systemic involvement in primary Sjogrens syndrome evaluated by the EULAR-SS disease activity index: analysis of 921 Spanish patients (GEAS-SS Registry).
Rheumatology (Oxford)
PUBLISHED: 10-25-2013
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Objective. To evaluate systemic involvement in primary SS in a large cohort of Spanish patients using the EULAR-SS disease activity index (ESSDAI) definitions.Methods. Systemic involvement was characterized using ESSDAI definitions for the 10 clinical domains (constitutional, lymphadenopathy, glandular, articular, cutaneous, pulmonary, renal, peripheral nervous system, central nervous system and muscular). ESSDAI scores at diagnosis, during follow-up and cumulated at the last visit were calculated.Results. The cohort consisted of 921 patients. After a mean follow-up of 75 months, 77 (8%) patients still had an ESSDAI score of zero at the last visit. Organ by organ, the percentage of patients who developed activity during the follow-up (ESSDAI score ? 1 at any time) ranged between 1.4% and 56%, with articular, pulmonary and peripheral neurological involvement being the most common. Logistic multivariate regression analysis showed the following features at diagnosis and had the closest association with systemic activity (statistically significant independent variables in at least two domains): cryoglobulinaemia in five domains; anaemia, lymphopenia and low C3 levels in three domains each and age <35 years in two domains. Sicca features, ANA and RF at diagnosis were not associated with a higher cumulated activity score in any clinical domain.Conclusion. Primary SS is undeniably a systemic disease, with the joints, lungs, skin and peripheral nerves being the most frequently involved organs. Cytopenias, hypocomplementaemia and cryoglobulinaemia at diagnosis strongly correlated with higher cumulated ESSDAI scores in the clinical domains. Clinically the ESSDAI provides a reliable picture of systemic involvement in primary SS.
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Health-related Internet use by lupus patients in southern Spain.
Clin. Rheumatol.
PUBLISHED: 09-16-2013
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Internet has become a widely used tool by patients seeking information on different diseases. The information regarding lupus patients Internet use is scarce. This study aims to explore the attitudes and practices of lupus patients in southern Spain, regarding Internet use to find health-related information. A survey was carried out including 150 patients from six Andalusian Hospitals. To search for information, 67.3 % of the patients used Internet. The proportion of female Internet users was higher (69.3 vs 46.2 %), particularly those belonging to a patients association (81.8 vs 32.7 %), and are regular users of Internet (80.2 vs 44.4 %); 37.5 % thought the information found in the Internet was of little use or not useful at all, and 58 % of the respondents stated that the information found caused them concern while for 27 %, it was a relief. Most patients preferred the information given by their physicians (63.6 %); 33.9 % considered that the information from both sources was complementary, and 2.5 % preferred the information obtained from the Internet. A percentage of 85.3 of the patients would like their physicians to provide them with information on high-quality sites regarding their illness. Lupus patients make frequent use of the Internet to look for information on their disease. Considering this, and because better-informed patients follow more precisely the indications given by the physician, medical staff should collaborate in the development of high-quality sites for the patient to have additional sources of information.
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Off-label uses of anti-TNF therapy in three frequent disorders: Behçets disease, sarcoidosis, and noninfectious uveitis.
Mediators Inflamm.
PUBLISHED: 05-23-2013
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Tumoral necrosis factor ? plays a central role in both the inflammatory response and that of the immune system. Thus, its blockade with the so-called anti-TNF agents (infliximab, etanercept, adalimumab, certolizumab pegol, and golimumab) has turned into the most important tool in the management of a variety of disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropatties, inflammatory bowel disease, and psoriasis. Nonetheless, theoretically, some other autoimmune disorders may benefit from these agents. Our aim is to review these off-label uses of anti-TNF blockers in three common conditions: Behçets disease, sarcoidosis, and noninfectious uveitis. Due to the insufficient number of adequate clinical trials and consequently to their lower prevalence compared to other immune disorders, this review is mainly based on case reports and case series.
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IL2/IL21 region polymorphism influences response to rituximab in systemic lupus erythematosus patients.
Mol. Biol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 04-29-2013
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To determine whether the IL2/IL21 region, a general autoimmunity locus, contributes to the observed variation in response to rituximab in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus as well as to analyze its influence in a cohort including other autoimmune diseases. rs6822844 G/T polymorphism at the IL2-IL21 region was analyzed by TaqMan assay in 84 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and 60 different systemic autoimmune diseases Spanish patients receiving rituximab. Six months after the first infusion patients were classified, according to the EULAR criteria, as good responders, partial responders and non-responders. A statistically significant difference was observed in GG genotype frequency between responder (total and partial response) (83.56%) and non-responder (45.45%) SLE patients (p=0.010, odds ratio (OR)=6.10 [1.28-29.06]). No association with the response was evident in the group of patients with autoimmune diseases other than lupus. Furthermore, when both groups of patients were pooled in a meta-analysis, a reduced statistical significance of the association was observed (p=0.024, OR=3.53 [1.06-11.64]). Our results show for a first time that IL2-IL21 region seems to play a role in the response to rituximab in SLE patients but not in other autoimmune diseases.
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New insight on the Xq28 association with systemic sclerosis.
Ann. Rheum. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 02-26-2013
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To evaluate whether the systemic sclerosis (SSc)-associated IRAK1 non-synonymous single-nucleotide polymorphism rs1059702 is responsible for the Xq28 association with SSc or whether there are other independent signals in the nearby methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 gene (MECP2).
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Increased CD38 expression in T cells and circulating anti-CD38 IgG autoantibodies differentially correlate with distinct cytokine profiles and disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus patients.
Cytokine
PUBLISHED: 02-14-2013
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CD38 is a multifunctional protein possessing ADP-ribosyl cyclase activity responsible for both the synthesis and the degradation of several Ca(2+)-mobilizing second messengers. In mammals, CD38 also functions as a receptor. In this study CD38 expression in CD4(+), CD8(+), or CD25(+) T cells was significantly higher in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients than in Normal controls. Increased CD38 expression in SLE T cells correlated with plasma levels of Th2 (IL-4, IL-10, IL-13) and Th1 (IL-1?, IL-12, IFN-?, TNF-?) cytokines, and was more prevalent in clinically active SLE patients than in Normal controls. In contrast, elevated anti-CD38 IgG autoantibodies were more frequent in clinically quiescent SLE patients (SLEDAI=0) than in Normal controls, and correlated with moderate increased plasma levels of IL-10 and IFN-?. However, clinically active SLE patients were mainly discriminated from quiescent SLE patients by increased levels of IL-10 and anti-dsDNA antibodies, with odds ratios (ORs) of 3.7 and 4.8, respectively. Increased frequency of anti-CD38 autoantibodies showed an inverse relationship with clinical activity (OR=0.43), and in particular with the frequency of anti-dsDNA autoantibodies (OR=0.21). Increased cell death occurred in CD38(+) Jurkat T cells treated with anti-CD38(+) SLE plasmas, and not in these cells treated with anti-CD38(-) SLE plasmas, or Normal plasmas. This effect did not occur in CD38-negative Jurkat T cells, suggesting that it could be attributed to anti-CD38 autoantibodies. These results support the hypothesis that anti-CD38 IgG autoantibodies or their associated plasma factors may dampen immune activation by affecting the viability of CD38(+) effector T cells and may provide protection from certain clinical SLE features.
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The systemic lupus erythematosus IRF5 risk haplotype is associated with systemic sclerosis.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-23-2013
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Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a fibrotic autoimmune disease in which the genetic component plays an important role. One of the strongest SSc association signals outside the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region corresponds to interferon (IFN) regulatory factor 5 (IRF5), a major regulator of the type I IFN pathway. In this study we aimed to evaluate whether three different haplotypic blocks within this locus, which have been shown to alter the protein function influencing systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) susceptibility, are involved in SSc susceptibility and clinical phenotypes. For that purpose, we genotyped one representative single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of each block (rs10488631, rs2004640, and rs4728142) in a total of 3,361 SSc patients and 4,012 unaffected controls of Caucasian origin from Spain, Germany, The Netherlands, Italy and United Kingdom. A meta-analysis of the allele frequencies was performed to analyse the overall effect of these IRF5 genetic variants on SSc. Allelic combination and dependency tests were also carried out. The three SNPs showed strong associations with the global disease (rs4728142: P ?=?1.34×10(-8), OR ?=?1.22, CI 95% ?=?1.14-1.30; rs2004640: P ?=?4.60×10(-7), OR ?=?0.84, CI 95% ?=?0.78-0.90; rs10488631: P ?=?7.53×10(-20), OR ?=?1.63, CI 95% ?=?1.47-1.81). However, the association of rs2004640 with SSc was not independent of rs4728142 (conditioned P ?=?0.598). The haplotype containing the risk alleles (rs4728142*A-rs2004640*T-rs10488631*C: P ?=?9.04×10(-22), OR ?=?1.75, CI 95% ?=?1.56-1.97) better explained the observed association (likelihood P-value ?=?1.48×10(-4)), suggesting an additive effect of the three haplotypic blocks. No statistical significance was observed in the comparisons amongst SSc patients with and without the main clinical characteristics. Our data clearly indicate that the SLE risk haplotype also influences SSc predisposition, and that this association is not sub-phenotype-specific.
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A GWAS follow-up study reveals the association of the IL12RB2 gene with systemic sclerosis in Caucasian populations.
Hum. Mol. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 11-10-2011
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A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at the IL12RB2 locus showed a suggestive association signal in a previously published genome-wide association study (GWAS) in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Aiming to reveal the possible implication of the IL12RB2 gene in SSc, we conducted a follow-up study of this locus in different Caucasian cohorts. We analyzed 10 GWAS-genotyped SNPs in the IL12RB2 region (2309 SSc patients and 5161 controls). We then selected three SNPs (rs3790567, rs3790566 and rs924080) based on their significance level in the GWAS, for follow-up in an independent European cohort comprising 3344 SSc and 3848 controls. The most-associated SNP (rs3790567) was further tested in an independent cohort comprising 597 SSc patients and 1139 controls from the USA. After conditional logistic regression analysis of the GWAS data, we selected rs3790567 [P(MH)= 1.92 × 10(-5) odds ratio (OR) = 1.19] as the genetic variant with the firmest independent association observed in the analyzed GWAS peak of association. After the first follow-up phase, only the association of rs3790567 was consistent (P(MH)= 4.84 × 10(-3) OR = 1.12). The second follow-up phase confirmed this finding (P(?2) = 2.82 × 10(-4) OR = 1.34). After performing overall pooled-analysis of all the cohorts included in the present study, the association found for the rs3790567 SNP in the IL12RB2 gene region reached GWAS-level significant association (P(MH)= 2.82 × 10(-9) OR = 1.17). Our data clearly support the IL12RB2 genetic association with SSc, and suggest a relevant role of the interleukin 12 signaling pathway in SSc pathogenesis.
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Genetic and physical interaction of the B-cell systemic lupus erythematosus-associated genes BANK1 and BLK.
Ann. Rheum. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 10-06-2011
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Altered signalling in B cells is a predominant feature of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The genes BANK1 and BLK were recently described as associated with SLE. BANK1 codes for a B-cell-specific cytoplasmic protein involved in B-cell receptor signalling and BLK codes for an Src tyrosine kinase with important roles in B-cell development. To characterise the role of BANK1 and BLK in SLE, a genetic interaction analysis was performed hypothesising that genetic interactions could reveal functional pathways relevant to disease pathogenesis.
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Increased expression and phosphorylation of the two S100A9 isoforms in mononuclear cells from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: a proteomic signature for circulating low-density granulocytes.
J Proteomics
PUBLISHED: 07-19-2011
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Proteins differentially expressed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients versus Normal controls were identified by 2-DE and MALDI-MS. Thus, S100A9 expression was significantly increased in SLE PBMCs relative to Normal PBMCs at both mRNA and protein levels. Increased S100A9 levels in SLE PBMCs correlated positively with the abnormal presence of low-density granulocytes (LDGs) detected by flow-cytometry in the mononuclear cell fractions. Another set of proteins that were differentially expressed in SLE PBMCs formed S100A9-independent clusters, suggesting that these differences in protein expression are in fact reflecting changes in the abundance of specific cell types. In SLE PBMCs spots of the two S100A9 isoforms, S100A9-l and S100A9-s, and their phosphorylated counterparts were identified and confirmed to be phosphorylated at Thr(113) by MS/MS analyses. In addition, the phorbol ester PMA alone or in combination with ionomycin induced a stronger increase in threonine phosphorylation of S100A9 in SLE than in Normal PBMCs, while the same stimuli caused the opposite effect on phosphorylation and activation of Erk1/2, suggesting the existence of an abnormal S100A9 signaling in SLE PBMCs. Therefore, the expansion and activation of LDGs in SLE seems to underlie this prominent S100A9 signature.
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Otolaryngologic manifestations of systemic vasculitis.
Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp
PUBLISHED: 07-19-2011
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Systemic vasculitis is a heterogeneous group of diseases of various aetiologies and manifestations. In general, the clinical results derive from ischemia caused by vascular inflammation, which depends on the organ affected. Such vasculitis cases are classified according to the classification of the Chapel Hill conference. They can present with relative frequency as ENT manifestations in both their debut and throughout their evolution. Consequently, the ENT specialist should include them in the differential diagnosis in patients with ENT manifestations that are difficult to control or of atypical presentation. Our objective was to review the most common ENT clinical signs and symptoms in each of these diseases.
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Rates of, and risk factors for, severe infections in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases receiving biological agents off-label.
Arthritis Res. Ther.
PUBLISHED: 01-13-2011
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The purpose of this observational study was to analyze the rates, characteristics and associated risk factors of severe infections in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases (SAD) who were treated off-label with biological agents in daily practice.
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[Evaluation of bone mineral density, bone turnover markers, the OPG/RANKL system and sTNF-RI in Crohns disease].
Gastroenterol Hepatol
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2011
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Patients with Crohns disease are at risk of developing osteoporosis, a disease in which the inflammatory process seems to be gaining importance. We performed a cross-sectional study to evaluate bone metabolism, osteoclastogenic factors [receptor activator of NF-kB ligand (RANK-L) and osteoprotegerin (OPG)] and soluble tumor necrosis factor-? receptor I (sTNF-RI) in patients with Crohns disease and to correlate the findings with the degree of disease activity.
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Long-term evolution of cytophagic histiocytic panniculitis.
J Cutan Med Surg
PUBLISHED: 05-22-2010
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Cytophagic histiocytic panniculitis is a disorder manifested by multiple subcutaneous nodules, characterized by lobular panniculitis, and occasionally accompanied by severe systemic manifestations, which require an aggressive medical approach. Several case reports with a good response to immunosuppressive therapy in the acute phase can be found in the literature.
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[Vitamin D deficiency and bone mineral density in Crohns disease].
Med Clin (Barc)
PUBLISHED: 02-20-2010
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Inadequate serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD(3)) are deemed as a possible risk factor for osteoporosis in Crohns disease (CD). Our aim is to determine the prevalence of inadequate serum levels of 25OHD(3) and its possible relationship with low bone mineral disease (BMD) in CD.
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Tongue infarction as first symptom of temporal arteritis.
Rheumatol. Int.
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2010
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Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most common systemic vasculitis affecting people over 50 years. This disease is a diagnostic challenge with a range of clinical symptoms and findings due to different affected vessels. Because of this, the initial diagnosis can be tricky, and some of the patients present at first time with a real unusual initial manifestation. One of these can be tongue necrosis, which is according to the literature in accordance with scalp necrosis, the rarest initial manifestation of GCA We describe a patient who presented with tongue necrosis as initial symptom of GCA. The belated diagnose resulted in subtotal necrosis of the mobile part of the tongue.
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[Adaptation and validation of the Spanish version of a disease-specific quality of life measure in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: the Lupus quality of life].
Med Clin (Barc)
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2009
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Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an auto-immune disease that seriously affects quality of life. There are various specific instruments that measure health-related quality of life (HRQOL), but none of them has been adapted to Spanish. We intended to adapt and validate in a Spanish population a specific HRQOL measure in patients with SLE.
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KCNA5 gene is not confirmed as a systemic sclerosis-related pulmonary arterial hypertension genetic susceptibility factor.
Arthritis Res. Ther.
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ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Potassium voltage-gated channel shaker-related subfamily member 5 (KCNA5) is implicated in vascular tone regulation, and its inhibition during hypoxia produces pulmonary vasoconstriction. Recently, a protective association of the KCNA5 locus with systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) was reported. Hence, the aim of this study was to replicate these findings in an independent multicenter Caucasian SSc cohort. METHODS: The 2,343 SSc cases (179 PAH positive, confirmed by right-heart catheterization) and 2,690 matched healthy controls from five European countries were included in this study. Rs10744676 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was genotyped by using a TaqMan SNP genotyping assay. RESULTS: Individual population analyses of the selected KCNA5 genetic variant did not show significant association with SSc or any of the defined subsets (for example, limited cutaneous SSc, diffuse cutaneous SSc, anti-centromere autoantibody positive and anti-topoisomerase autoantibody positive). Furthermore, pooled analyses revealed no significant evidence of association with the disease or any of the subsets, not even the PAH-positive group. The comparison of PAH-positive patients with PAH-negative patients showed no significant differences among patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our data do not support an important role of KCNA5 as an SSc-susceptibility factor or as a PAH-development genetic marker for SSc patients.
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Altered AKT1 and MAPK1 gene expression on peripheral blood mononuclear cells and correlation with T-helper-transcription factors in systemic lupus erythematosus patients.
Mediators Inflamm.
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Kinases have been implicated in the immunopathological mechanisms of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). v-akt murine-thymoma viral-oncogene-homolog 1 (AKT1) and mitogen-activated-protein-kinase 1 (MAPK1) gene expressions in peripheral mononuclear cells from thirteen SLE patients with inactive or mild disease were evaluated using quantitative real-time reverse-transcription polymerase-chain-reaction and analyzed whether there was any correlation with T-helper (Th) transcription factors (TF) gene expression, cytokines, and S100A8/S100A9-(Calprotectin). Age- and gender-matched thirteen healthy controls were examined. AKT1 and MAPK1 expressions were upregulated in SLE patients and correlated with Th17-(Retinoic acid-related orphan receptor (ROR)-C), T-regulatory-(Treg)-(Transforming Growth Factor Beta (TGFB)-2), and Th2-(interleukin (IL)-5)-related genes. MAPK1 expression correlated with Th1-(IL-12A, T-box TF-(T-bet)), Th2-(GATA binding protein-(GATA)-3), and IL-10 expressions. IL-10 expression was increased and correlated with plasma Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF)-? and Th0-(IL-2), Th1-(IL-12A, T-bet), GATA3, Treg-(Forkhead/winged-helix transcription factor- (FOXP)-3), and IL-6 expressions. FOXP3 expression, FOXP3/RORC, and FOXP3/GATA3 expression ratios were increased. Plasma IL-1?, IL-12(p70), Interferon-(IFN)-?, and IL-6 cytokines were augmented. Plasma IL-1?, IL-6, IL-2, IFN-?, TNF-?, IL-10, and IL-13 correlated with C-reactive protein, respectively. Increased Calprotectin correlated with neutrophils. Conclusion, SLE patients presented a systemic immunoinflammatory activity, augmented AKT1 and MAPK1 expressions, proinflammatory cytokines, and Calprotectin, together with increased expression of Treg-related genes, suggesting a regulatory feedback opposing the inflammatory activity.
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Association of the FCGR3A-158F/V gene polymorphism with the response to rituximab treatment in Spanish systemic autoimmune disease patients.
DNA Cell Biol.
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Rituximab is being used as treatment for systemic autoimmune diseases. The objective of this study was to determine whether the genetic variant in the Fc gamma-receptor III a (FCGR3A) gene, 158F/V, contributes to the observed variation in response to rituximab in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases. DNA samples from 132 Spanish patients with different systemic autoimmune diseases receiving rituximab were genotyped for FCGR3A-158F/V (rs396991) gene polymorphism using the TaqMan(®) allelic discrimination technology. Six months after infusion with rituximab we evaluated the response to the drug: 61% of the patients showed a complete response, partial 27% and 12% did not respond to the treatment. A statistically significant difference was observed in V allele frequency between responder (38%) and nonresponder (16%) patients (p=0.01; odds ratio [OR]=3.24, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.17-11.1). Rituximab was also more effective in V allele carriers (94%) than in homozygous FF patients (81%): p=0.02; OR=3.96, 95% CI 1.10-17.68. These results suggest that FCGR3A-158F/V (rs396991) gene polymorphism play a role in the response to rituximab in autoimmune diseases. Validation of these findings in independent cohorts is warranted.
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Bone mass and vitamin D in patients with systemic sclerosis from two Spanish regions.
Clin. Exp. Rheumatol.
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To study the bone mass in patients with scleroderma (SSc) from two different Spanish regions and to evaluate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency in this population and its possible relation to bone mineral density (BMD).
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Association between -174 interleukin-6 gene polymorphism and biological response to rituximab in several systemic autoimmune diseases.
DNA Cell Biol.
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Rituximab has become a pivotal treatment for systemic autoimmune diseases. The aim of this study was to determine whether the genetic variant -174 IL-6 contributes to differences in the response to rituximab in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), inflammatory myopathies, anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-mediated vasculitis, systemic sclerosis, Sjöegrens syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and autoimmune hemolytic anemia. DNA samples from 144 Spanish patients with different systemic autoimmune diseases receiving rituximab were genotyped for -174 IL-6 (rs1800795) gene polymorphism using the TaqMan(®) allelic discrimination technology. Six months after the first infusion with rituximab, we evaluated the response to the drug: 60.4% of the patients showed a complete response, partial 27.8%, and 11.8% did not respond to the treatment. The CC genotype frequency was significantly increased in nonresponders with respect to responders (23.5% vs. 7.1%, respectively; p=0.049; odds ratio (OR)=4.03, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 0.78-16.97). According to the genotype distribution, rituximab was effective in 69.2% of the CC carriers, 91.9% of the CG carriers, and 88.4% of the GG carriers. A similar trend was observed when SLE patients were analyzed separately (27.3% carried CC homozygosis in nonresponders and 6.9% in responders; p=0.066; OR=5.10, 95% CI 0.65-31.73). Rituximab was effective in 62.5% of the CC carriers, 88.9% of the GC carriers, and 90% of the GG carriers. These results suggest that -174 IL-6 (rs1800795) gene polymorphism plays a role in the response to rituximab in systemic autoimmune diseases. Validation of these findings in independent cohorts is warranted.
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Adalimumab for the treatment of Behçets disease: experience in 19 patients.
Rheumatology (Oxford)
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To describe the experience of two tertiary Spanish centres (Hospital Clínico San Cecilio, Granada and Hospital Clínic, Barcelona) with the use of adalimumab for the treatment of severe clinical manifestations in patients with Behçets disease (BD) in whom immunosuppressive therapy had failed.
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Evaluation of a shared autoimmune disease-associated polymorphism of TRAF6 in systemic sclerosis and giant cell arteritis.
J. Rheumatol.
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We evaluated whether a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the TRAF6 gene previously associated with systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis may be a common risk factor for systemic sclerosis (SSc) and giant cell arteritis (GCA).
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