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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Gold(I)-Catalyzed Polycyclization of Linear Dienediynes to Seven-Membered Ring-Containing Polycycles via Tandem Cyclopropanation/Cope Rearrangement/C-H Activation.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 11-12-2014
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A novel gold(I)-catalyzed polycyclization of easily prepared linear dienediynes has been developed for the construction of fused 5,7,6-tricyclic ring systems in one step with high diastereocontrol. The polycyclization, a formal [4 + 3]/C-H activation reaction, takes place through gold(I)-catalyzed intramolecular cyclopropanation of diene with diyne, Cope rearrangement of cis-alkenylalkynylcyclopropane, aliphatic C-H activation via a seven-membered-ring allene intermediate, and [1,2]-H and -G (H or OAc) shifts.
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Comparison of Clinical Outcomes of Anterior Versus Posterior Surgery in Treating Multi-segmental Cervical Degeneration.
Cell Biochem. Biophys.
PUBLISHED: 10-22-2014
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The purpose of this study is to compare clinical outcome of different surgical methods in treating multi-segmental cervical degeneration. Three hundred and sixty eight patients with multi-segmental cervical degeneration were retrospectively selected and divided into two groups with 184 cases in each based on different surgical methods: one group accepted surgeries from anterior surgical approach and the other group accepted surgeries from posterior surgical approach. Perioperative parameters including operative time, intraoperative blood loss and length of stay were compared between two groups. Patients were followed up after 1 week, 6 month, 10 months and 1 year after surgery. Cervical X-ray was retaken, and Japanese orthopaedic association (JOA) scores, neck disability index (NDI ) scores and numerical pain rating scale (NPRS ) scores were obtained for comparison. Samples from cervical disc were processed to detect cytokines level including IL-1, IL-6, TNF-? and MMP-3. Perioperative parameters including operative time, intraoperative blood loss and length of stay showed no significant difference (P < 0.05) between the two groups. JOA score, NDI scores and NPRS scores, all showed a significant improvement after the surgery in both methods, however, when comparing the two methods, no significant difference was found between two groups (P > 0.05), except that NDI scores in anterior surgical approach group were significantly lower than posterior surgical approach group at different follow-up time points (P < 0.05). The average height of fused vertebral bodies after surgery in two groups was significantly different from pre-operative height (P < 0.05), and angle loss in posterior surgical approach group was significantly higher than anterior surgical approach (P < 0.05), which was statistically different. Cytokines including IL-1, IL-6, TNF-? and MMP-3 in two groups had no statistical difference (P > 0.05). Anterior approach surgery and posterior approach surgery are both effective methods to treat multi-segmental cervical degeneration. Anterior approach had better clinical outcomes within 1-year follow-up.
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Effect of injection current on the optical polarization of AlGaN-based ultraviolet light-emitting diodes.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 10-17-2014
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The injection current dependence of optical polarization of ultraviolet (UV) light-emitting diodes (LEDs) emitting at wavelength of 310 nm and 277 nm was investigated by electroluminescence (EL) measurements. For both diodes, it was found that the degree of polarization (DOP) decreased obviously as the injection current increased. We attribute the decrease in DOP to the different changing trend of the intensity of the light emission from transverse electric (TE) polarization (E?c) and transverse magnetic (TM) polarization (E?c) as the injected carriers occupy higher states above k = 0 with increasing the injection current. For the 277 nm LED, even the polarization switching from TE to TM mode was observed.
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Enhanced intensity on preoperative double contrast-enhanced sonography as a useful indicator of lymph node metastasis in patients with gastric cancer.
J Ultrasound Med
PUBLISHED: 09-26-2014
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The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of enhanced intensity on double contrast-enhanced sonography in assessing lymph node metastasis of gastric cancer.
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Down-regulated MYH11 expression correlates with poor prognosis in stage II and III colorectal cancer.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 09-18-2014
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The MYH11 gene may be related to cell migration and adhesion, intracellular transport, and signal transduction. However, its relationship with prognosis is still uncertain. The aim of this study was to investigate correlations between MYH11 gene expression and prognosis in 58 patients with stage II and III colorectal cancer. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed in fresh CRC tissues to examine mRNA expression, and immunohistochemistry was performed with paraffin-embedded specimens for protein expression. On univariate analysis, MYH11 expression at both mRNA and protein levels, perineural invasion and lymphovascular invasion were related to disease-free survival (p<0.05; log-rank test). Cancers with lower MYH11 expression were more likely to have a poor prognosis. Otherwise, MYH11 expression was unrelated to patient clinicopathological features. On multivariate analysis, low MYH11 expression proved to be an independent adverse prognosticator (p<0.05). These findings show that MYH11 can contribute to predicting prognosis in stage II and III colorectal cancers.
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miR-200c attenuates P-gp mediated MDR and metastasis by targeting JNK2/c-Jun signaling pathway in colorectal cancer.
Mol. Cancer Ther.
PUBLISHED: 09-09-2014
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MicroRNA-200c (miR-200c) recently emerged as an important regulator of tumorigenicity and cancer metastasis, however, its role in regulating multidrug resistance (MDR) remains unknown. In the current study, we found that the expression levels of miR-200c in recurred and metastatic colorectal cancers (CRC) were significantly lower, while the JNK2 expression was higher compared to primary tumors. We showed that in MDR CRC cells, miR-200c targeted the 3'UTR of JNK2 gene. Over-expression of miR-200c attenuated the levels of p-JNK, p-c-Jun, P-gp and MMP-2/-9, the downstream factors of JNK signaling pathway, resulting in increased sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs, which was accompanied by heightened apoptosis and decreased cell invasion and migration. Moreover, in an orthotopic MDR CRC mouse model, we demonstrated that over-expression of miR-200c effectively inhibited the tumor growth and metastasis. At last, in the tumor samples from locally advanced CRC patients with routine post-surgical chemotherapy, we observed an inverse correlation between the levels of mRNA expression of miR-200c and JNK2, ABCB1, MMP-9 thus predicting patient therapeutic outcomes. In summary, we found that miR-200c negatively regulated the expression of JNK2 gene and increased the sensitivity of MDR CRC cells to chemotherapeutic drugs, via inhibiting the JNK2/p-JNK/p-c-Jun/ABCB1 signaling. Restoration of miR-200c expression in MDR CRC may serve as a promising therapeutic approach in MDR induced metastasis.
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[Prevalence of isolated diastolic hypertension and associated cardiovascular risk: four years follow up results].
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-29-2014
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To explore the prevalence of isolated diastolic hypertension and associated cardiovascular risk and blood pressure changes during follow up.
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Genetic variant in NDUFS1 gene is associated with schizophrenia and negative symptoms in Han Chinese.
J. Hum. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 08-15-2014
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Abnormalities in mitochondrial complex I, which is responsible for controlling mitochondrial function, have been implicated in a variety of diseases associated with mitochondrial dysfunction, potentially including schizophrenia. The NADH dehydrogenase Fe-S protein 1 (NDUFS1) is the largest subunit of complex I. To explore whether the encoding NDUFS1 gene confers susceptibility to schizophrenia or is associated with the severity of typical symptoms of schizophrenia, we recruited 519 stable schizophrenia patients receiving clozapine treatment and 594 healthy controls for genotyping to investigate the association of four selected tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of NDUFS1 and both schizophrenia risk and symptom severity. The severity of psychotic symptoms was evaluated using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale and then tested for association with the four SNPs. The SNP rs1044120 showed significant association with schizophrenia (adjusted P=0.032). The frequency of the G allele of rs1044120 was significantly higher in patients than among the healthy controls (adjusted P=0.008). Stratification by sex revealed a significant association between the rs1044120 polymorphism and schizophrenia among males (adjusted P=0.036 and 0.008 in genotypic and allelic comparisons, respectively). We also observed a significant difference in the negative symptom scores among the three genotypes among these males (adjusted P=0.036). Post hoc comparisons showed that rs1044120 G/G carriers had higher negative symptom scores than those with G/T and T/T carriers (raw P=0.035 and 0.005, respectively). Our findings suggest that NDUFS1 may confer susceptibility to schizophrenia in male subjects, acting as a causative factor for the severity of negative symptoms in schizophrenia.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 30 October 2014; doi:10.1038/jhg.2014.94.
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MiR-143 inhibits EGFR-signaling-dependent osteosarcoma invasion.
Tumour Biol.
PUBLISHED: 08-14-2014
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The molecular regulation of the invasion of osteosarcoma (OS) remains elusive. Here, we reported significant lower level of miR-143 and significant levels of phosphorylated EGFR and MMP9 in the resected OS from the patients, compared to the adjacent normal tissue. Moreover, strong correlation was detected among these three factors. We thus hypothesized existence of a causal link, which prompted us to use two human OS cell lines to study the interaction of miR-143, MMP9, and activation of EGFR signaling. We found that EGF-induced EGFR phosphorylation in both lines activated MMP9, and consequently cancer invasiveness. Both an inhibitor for EGFR phosphorylation and an inhibitor for ERK1/2 phosphorylation significantly inhibited the EGF-induced activation of MMP9. Moreover, miR-143 levels did not alter by EGF-induced EGFR phosphorylation, while overexpression of miR-143 antagonized EGF-induced MMP9 activation without affecting EGFR phosphorylation. Taken together, our data suggest that miR-143 inhibits EGFR signaling through its downstream ERK/MAPK signaling cascades to control MMP9 expression in OS. Thus, miR-143, EGFR, and MMP9 are therapeutic targets for inhibiting OS invasion.
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Exome sequencing identifies frequent mutation of MLL2 in non-small cell lung carcinoma from Chinese patients.
Sci Rep
PUBLISHED: 08-12-2014
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Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer mortality worldwide, with an estimated 1.4 million deaths each year. Here we report whole-exome sequencing of nine tumor/normal tissue pairs from Chinese patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). This allows us to identify a number of significantly mutated genes in NSCLC, which were highly enriched in DNA damage repair, NF-?B pathway, JAK/STAT signaling and chromatin modification. Notably, we identify a histone-lysine methyltransferase gene, namely, MLL2, as one of the most significantly mutated genes in our screen. In a following validation study, we identify deleterious mutations of MLL2 in 12 out of 105 (11.4%) NSCLC patients. Additionally, reduced or lost expression of MLL2 was commonly observed in tumor tissues as compared with paired adjacent non-tumor tissues regardless of mutation status. Together, our study defines the landscape of somatic mutations in Chinese NSCLC and supports the role of MLL2 mutation in the pathogenesis of the disease.
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Vapor-liquid equilibrium and critical asymmetry of square well and short square well chain fluids.
J Chem Phys
PUBLISHED: 08-10-2014
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The critical behavior of square well fluids with variable interaction ranges and of short square well chain fluids have been investigated by grand canonical ensemble Monte Carlo simulations. The critical temperatures and densities were estimated by a finite-size scaling analysis with the help of histogram reweighting technique. The vapor-liquid coexistence curve in the near-critical region was determined using hyper-parallel tempering Monte Carlo simulations. The simulation results for coexistence diameters show that the contribution of |t|(1-?) to the coexistence diameter dominates the singular behavior in all systems investigated. The contribution of |t|(2?) to the coexistence diameter is larger for the system with a smaller interaction range ?. While for short square well chain fluids, longer the chain length, larger the contribution of |t|(2?). The molecular configuration greatly influences the critical asymmetry: a short soft chain fluid shows weaker critical asymmetry than a stiff chain fluid with same chain length.
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Deletion of metallothionein exacerbates intermittent hypoxia-induced oxidative and inflammatory injury in aorta.
Oxid Med Cell Longev
PUBLISHED: 08-06-2014
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The present study was to explore the effect of metallothionein (MT) on intermittent hypoxia (IH) induced aortic pathogenic changes. Markers of oxidative damages, inflammation, and vascular remodeling were observed by immunohistochemical staining after 3 days and 1, 3, and 8 weeks after IH exposures. Endogenous MT was induced after 3 days of IH but was significantly decreased after 8 weeks of IH. Compared with the wild-type mice, MT knock-out mice exhibited earlier and more severe pathogenic changes of oxidative damages, inflammatory responses, and cellular apoptosis, as indicated by the significant accumulation of collagen, increased levels of connective tissue growth factor, transforming growth factor ?1, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, vascular cell adhesion molecule 1,3-nitrotyrosine, and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal in the aorta. These findings suggested that chronic IH may lead to aortic damages characterized by oxidative stress and inflammation, and MT may play a pivotal role in the above pathogenesis process.
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Aneuploidy is permissive for hepatocyte-like cell differentiation from human induced pluripotent stem cells.
BMC Res Notes
PUBLISHED: 06-30-2014
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The characterization of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and embryonic stem cells (ESCs) routinely includes analyses of chromosomal integrity. The belief is that pluripotent stem cells best suited to the generation of differentiated derivatives should display a euploid karyotype; although, this does not appear to have been formally tested. While aneuploidy is commonly associated with cell transformation, several types of somatic cells, including hepatocytes, are frequently aneuploid and variation in chromosomal content does not contribute to a transformed phenotype. This insight has led to the proposal that dynamic changes in the chromosomal environment may be important to establish genetic diversity within the hepatocyte population and such diversity may facilitate an adaptive response by the liver to various insults. Such a positive contribution of aneuploidy to liver function raises the possibility that, in contrast to existing dogma, aneuploid iPSCs may be capable of generating hepatocyte-like cells that display hepatic activities.
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RNA-seq identifies determinants of oxaliplatin sensitivity in colorectal cancer cell lines.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol
PUBLISHED: 06-15-2014
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Oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy, such as FOLFOX, is the first-line therapy for advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) or metastatic CRC patients. However, the partial response of patients to these regimes and the severe peripheral neuropathy toxicity induced by oxaliplatin makes it urgent to figure out biomarkers for oxaliplatin sensitivity to select suitable patients who benefit from these treatments. In present work, 21 CRC cell lines with different sensitivities to oxaliplatin were applied to RNA-seq. The basal expression profiles of these cell lines were correlated to their response to oxaliplatin. Bioinformatics analysis suggested that expression of 58 genes was correlated, negatively or positively, to oxaliplatin response across the 21 CRC cell lines. These 58 genes were mainly enriched in small molecules biochemistry, Wnt/?-catenin signaling and EMT pathways. The latter two pathways were predicted to be activated in oxaliplatin-resistant CRC cell lines. Moreover, 15 genes were validated by qPCR that their expression levels were actually closely correlated to their response to oxaliplatin, in line with the biocomputation prediction. Taken together, our work might provide potential biomarkers for oxaliplatin sensitivity in CRC cell lines and therapeutic targets for combinational therapy with oxaliplatin.
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Down-regulation of adiponectin receptors in osteoarthritic chondrocytes.
Cell Biochem. Biophys.
PUBLISHED: 06-04-2014
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The objective of this study was to investigate the expression of adiponectin receptors (AdipoR1, R2, and T-cadherin) in both normal subjects and patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). We used immunofluorescence to assess expression of adiponectin receptors in the chondrocytes of normal subjects (n = 3) and OA patients (n = 3). We also studied mRNA expression of adiponectin receptors in both groups by real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR). Finally, we utilized Western blotting to confirm the presence of adiponectin receptors. As compared with osteoarthritic chondrocytes, normal chondrocytes showed stronger immunoreactivity for AdipoR1, AdipoR2, and T-cadherin. The expression levels of both AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 mRNA were significantly lower in the osteoarthritic chondrocytes compared with those in the normal chondrocytes, 19 ± 2 and 36 ± 3 % of normal chondrocytes, respectively (P < 0.001). T-cadherin mRNA expression levels of the osteoarthritic chondrocytes were also lower than those in the normal chondrocytes, but not statistical significant (P = 0.072). The expression levels of AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 protein were significantly higher in the normal chondrocytes compared with those in the osteoarthritic chondrocytes (P < 0.001, P < 0.01, respectively). T-cadherin protein expression level of the normal chondrocytes was also higher than those in the osteoarthritic chondrocytes, but the difference is not statistical significant (P = 0.114). Expression of adiponectin receptors protein in normal and osteoarthritic chondrocytes is consistent with its mRNA expression levels. In conclusion, we report for the first time down-regulation of adiponectin receptors (AdipoR1, R2, and T-cadherin) in osteoarthritic chondrocytes. Decreased adiponectin receptors in OA may reduce the tissue sensitivity to adiponectin, thus lost the protection from adiponectin in the progression of OA.
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Anti-inflammatory activity of extracts of Bushen-Qiangdu-Zhilv decoction, a Chinese medicinal formula, in M1-polarized RAW264.7.
BMC Complement Altern Med
PUBLISHED: 05-22-2014
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Bushen-Qiangdu-Zhilv Decoction (BQZ) is one of famous traditional Chinese medical formula for treating ankylosing spondylitis (AS). However, the mechanisms underlying effects of BQZ remains unknown. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-? and interleukin (IL)-1, play an important role in AS. We therefore evaluated if BQZ could affect the expression of these cytokines.
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Radiation pneumonitis after radiotherapy of neck lymphoma.
Case Rep Pulmonol
PUBLISHED: 05-04-2014
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Radiotherapy is still one of the effective means for treatment of malignant tumors up to now. Particularly, it is an indispensable effective measure for treatment of some lymphoma patients. In routine work, radiation pneumonitis (RP) is the most significant complication of acute treatment-related toxicities in lung cancer; however, serious radioactive pneumonia is rare for the radiotherapy of neck lymphoma because the volume of the lungs affected by radiation dose was very small. We report a lymphoma case, where the patient had undergone radiotherapy for the bilateral neck and bilateral supraclavicular/infraclavicular area. Following completion of radiotherapy, the patient developed severe radiation pneumonitis.
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Postoperative hemorrhage in an elderly patient with a glioblastoma multiform and a calcified chronic subdural hematoma.
World J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 04-07-2014
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Cases with brain tumor and subdural hematoma are rare; surgical management of the elderly patients with a glioblastoma multiform (GBM) and a chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) can be intractable.
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Effects of simvastatin on glucose metabolism in mouse MIN6 cells.
J Diabetes Res
PUBLISHED: 04-06-2014
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The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of simvastatin on insulin secretion in mouse MIN6 cells and the possible mechanism. MIN6 cells were, respectively, treated with 0? ? M, 2? ? M, 5? ? M, and 10? ? M simvastatin for 48?h. Radio immunoassay was performed to measure the effect of simvastatin on insulin secretion in MIN6 cells. Luciferase method was used to examine the content of ATP in MIN6 cells. Real-time PCR and western blotting were performed to measure the mRNA and protein levels of inward rectifier potassium channel 6.2 (Kir6.2), voltage-dependent calcium channel 1.2 (Cav1.2), and glucose transporter-2 (GLUT2), respectively. ATP-sensitive potassium current and L-type calcium current were recorded by whole-cell patch-clamp technique. The results showed that high concentrations of simvastatin (5? ? M and 10? ? M) significantly reduced the synthesis and secretion of insulin compared to control groups in MIN6 cells (P < 0.05). ATP content in simvastatin-treated cells was lower than in control cells (P < 0.05). Compared with control group, the mRNA and protein expression of Kir6.2 increased with treatment of simvastatin (P < 0.05), and mRNA and protein expression of Cav1.2 and GLUT2 decreased in response to simvastatin (P < 0.05). Moreover, simvastatin increased the ATP-sensitive potassium current and reduced the L-type calcium current. These results suggest that simvastatin inhibits the synthesis and secretion of insulin through a reduction in saccharometabolism in MIN6 cells.
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Silencing of CXCR7 gene represses growth and invasion and induces apoptosis in colorectal cancer through ERK and ?-arrestin pathways.
Int. J. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 04-01-2014
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The CXC chemokine receptor 7 (CXCR7) has been reported to be involved in cell growth, metastasis and apoptosis in certain cancers. However, the function and molecular mechanisms of CXCR7 in human colorectal cancer (CRC) are still undefined. In the present study, sixty-eight cases of CRC tissues and corresponding adjacent non-cancer tissues (ANCT) were collected, and the expression of CXCR7 was assessed using immunohistochemistry (IHC) in biopsy samples. Furthermore, CXCR7 gene was silenced by small hairpin RNA-mediated lentiviral vector (Lv-shCXCR7), by transfection into human CRC cells (SW480 and HT-29). The levels of p-ERK, ?-arrestin, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), matrix metallopeptidase-2 (MMP-2) and caspase-3 (CAS-3) were detected by western blotting. Cell proliferative activities and invasive capability were respectively measured by MTT and Transwell assays. Cell apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry. The results demonstrated that CXCR7 expression was significantly upregulated in CRC tissues compared with the ANCT (54.4 vs. 36.8%, P=0.041), and correlated with Dukes staging and depth of invasion (P=0.007; P=0.002). Silencing of CXCR7 gene suppressed cell proliferation and invasion, and induced cell apoptosis in CRC cells with decreased expression of p-ERK, ?-arrestin, PCNA and MMP-2 but increased expression of CAS-3. The tumor volumes in the SW480 subcutaneous tumor models treated with Lv-shCXCR7 were significantly smaller than those of the negative control (NC) and PBS groups (P<0.01). In conclusion, our findings indicate that upregulation of CXCR7 expression is associated with tumor invasion, and silencing of the CXCR7 gene represses the development of CRC cells through ERK and ?-arrestin pathways, suggesting that CXCR7 may serve as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of CRC.
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Characterization of regulatory regions involved in the inducible expression of chiB in Bacillus thuringiensis.
Arch. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2014
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Expression of the chiB gene from Bacillus thuringiensis Bti75 was defined as inducible by the use of transcriptional fusions with the bgaB reporter gene. The transcription start site of the chiB gene was identified as the C base located 132 base pairs upstream of the start codon. Analysis of 5' and 3' deletions of the chiB promoter region revealed that the sequence from position -192 to +36 with respect to the transcription start site was necessary for wild-type levels of inducible expression of the chiB gene. The minimal promoter region for the expression of chiB gene was identified as the sequence from position -100 to +12. Furthermore, a 16-bp sequence (designated dre) downstream of the minimal promoter region of chiB was shown to be required for chitin induction. To confirm the function of this 16-bp sequence, 25 base substitutions were introduced into the dre site. Most of the mutations resulted in constitutive expression, or the efficiency of induction decreased. All mutations identified the dre sequence as a critical site for the inducible expression of chiB. In addition, the dre site was shown to interact with a sequence-specific DNA binding factor of strain Bti75 cultured in the absence of the inducer.
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Whole-genome sequencing identifies genetic variances in culture-expanded human mesenchymal stem cells.
Stem Cell Reports
PUBLISHED: 03-21-2014
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Culture-expanded human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are increasingly used in clinics, yet full characterization of the genomic compositions of these cells is lacking. We present a whole-genome investigation on the genetic dynamics of cultured MSCs under ex vivo establishment (passage 1 [p1]) and serial expansion (p8 and p13). We detected no significant changes in copy-number alterations (CNAs) and low levels of single-nucleotide changes (SNCs) until p8. Strikingly, a significant number (677) of SNCs were found in p13 MSCs. Using a sensitive Droplet Digital PCR assay, we tested the nonsynonymous SNCs detected by whole-genome sequencing and found that they were preexisting low-frequency mutations in uncultured mononuclear cells (?0.01%) and early-passage MSCs (0.1%-1% at p1 and p8) but reached 17%-36% in p13. Our data demonstrate that human MSCs maintain a stable genomic composition in the early stages of ex vivo culture but are subject to clonal growth upon extended expansion.
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Effect of the cytochrome P450 2D6*10 genotype on the pharmacokinetics of tramadol in post-operative patients.
Pharmazie
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2014
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The cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) is the most highly polymorphic isoenzyme of the cytochrome P-450-system, which affects the metabolism of one-fourth of all prescription drugs. Tramadol, a narcotic-like pain reliever used to treat moderate to severe pain, is primarily metabolized by CYP2D6. The CYP2D6*10 allele is the most common allele in the Chinese population. Therefore, we investigated the effects of CYP2D6*10 on tramadol pharmacokinetics in 45 post-operative patients who had undergone gastrointestinal tract surgery. Tramadol was administered to the patients after the operation, and the plasma concentrations of tramadol and O-desmethyltramadol were subsequently evaluated at 12 time points. Pharmacokinetic analyses were performed using non-compartmental methods. The area under the curve (AUC), plasma clearance (CL), elimination half-life (T1/2), mean residence time (MRT), peak concentration, and peak time of tramadol and O-desmethyltramadol were calculated. CYP2D6*10 was genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. The frequency of CYP2D6*10 alleles was 51% in the 45 patients. The patients were divided into three groups according to their CYP2D6*10 genotype: wild-type, heterozygous, and homozygous mutant. Pharmacokinetic parameters were compared among the three groups. The analyses showed that T1/2, MRT, and AUC of tramadol were larger, and CL was lower in homozygous mutant patients compared to the wild-type group (P< 0.05). These results show that the CYP2D6*10 genetic polymorphism has a significant impact on the pharmacokinetics of tramadol in Chinese post-operative patients.
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The optimal concentration of topical hydroxycamptothecin in preventing intraarticular scar adhesion.
Sci Rep
PUBLISHED: 03-19-2014
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10-Hydroxycamptothecin could reduce intraarticular adhesion by inhibiting fibroblasts proliferation after knee surgery. However, the ideal concentration of hydroxycamptothecin have not been defined. This study was tried to verify the optimal concentration of 10-hydroxycamptothecin in preventing knee intraarticular adhesion. Sixty rabbits were randomly divided into five groups. Approximately 10?mm × 10?mm of the cortical bone was removed from both sides of the femoral condyle and the underneath cancellous bone was exposed. Various concentrations of hydroxycamptothecin (0.1?mg/ml, 0.5?mg/ml, 1.0?mg/ml, 2.0?mg/ml) or saline were applied to the decorticated areas for 10 minutes. After four weeks, the degree of inraarticular adhesion was assessed by macroscopic evaluation, biochemical analysis of hydroxyproline content and histological evaluation. The results demonstrated that the extent of knee inraarticular adhesion in 1.0?mg/ml group and 2.0?mg/ml hydroxycamptothecin group were significantly lower than those of 0.5?mg/ml group, 0.1?mg/ml hydroxycamptothecin group and control group. Moreover, there was no significant difference between 1.0?mg/ml group and 2.0?mg/ml hydroxycamptothecin group. In conclusion, topical application of 1.0?mg/ml hydroxycamptothecin may be the optimal concentration in reducing intraarticular adhesion after knee surgery in rabbits.
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Metallothionein prevents intermittent hypoxia-induced cardiac endoplasmic reticulum stress and cell death likely via activation of Akt signaling pathway in mice.
Toxicol. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 03-17-2014
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Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, an adaptive response normally, causes apoptotic cell death under pathological conditions. Cardiac ER stress and associated cell death involve in the inflammatory responses that often cause cardiac remodeling and dysfunction. Here we examined whether chronic intermittent hypoxia (IH) induces cardiac ER stress and associated cell death along with inflammatory response and if so, whether these effects can be affected by transgenic overexpression or deletion of metallothionein gene (MT-TG or MT-KO). IH exposures for 3 days to 4 weeks significantly increased cardiac ER stress and apoptosis, shown by the increased expression of GRP78, ATF6 and CHOP, the activation of caspase-12 and capase-3, and the decreased Bcl2/Bax expression ratio, predominantly in the 3rd week of IH exposures. These effects were significantly exacerbated in MT-KO mice, but completely prevented in MT-TG mice. In vitro mechanistic study with H9c2 cardiac and primary neonatal cardiomyocytes showed that MT protection from ER stress-induced apoptosis was mediated by up-regulating Akt phosphorylation since inhibition of Akt phosphorylation abolished MT's protection MT from ER stress and apoptosis. These findings suggest that chronic IH is able to induce cardiac ER stress, cell death and inflammation can be prevented by MT, probably via up-regulation of Akt function.
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Characterization and influencing factors of visit-to-visit blood pressure variability of the population in a northern Chinese industrial city.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 03-14-2014
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Blood pressure variability (BPV) is a reliable prognostic factor for cardiovascular events. Currently there is a worldwide lack of large sample size studies in visit-to-visit BPV. Based on the Kailuan Study, we analyzed the visit-to-visit BPV of patients to investigate the range and influencing factors of BPV.
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Metallothionein as a compensatory component prevents intermittent hypoxia-induced cardiomyopathy in mice.
Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2014
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Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) causes chronic intermittent hypoxia (IH) to induce cardiovascular disease, which may be related to oxidative damage. Metallothionein (MT) has been extensively proved to be an endogenous and highly inducible antioxidant protein expressed in the heart. Therefore, we tested the hypotheses that oxidative stress plays a critical role in OSA induced cardiac damage and MT protects the heart from OSA-induced cardiomyopathy. To mimic hypoxia/reoxygenation events that occur in adult OSA patients, mice were exposed to IH for 3 days to 8 weeks. The IH paradigm consisted of alternating cycles of 20.9% O?/8% O? F(I)O? (30 episodes per hour) with 20s at the nadir F(I)O? for 12 h a day during daylight. IH significantly increased the ratio of heart weight to tibia length at 4 weeks with a decrease in cardiac function from 4 to 8 weeks. Cardiac oxidative damage and fibrosis were observed after 4 and 8 weeks of IH exposures. Endogenous MT expression was up-regulated in response to 3-day IH, but significantly decreased at 4 and 8 weeks of IH. In support of MT as a major compensatory component, mice with cardiac overexpression of MT gene and mice with global MT gene deletion were completely resistant, and highly sensitive, respectively, to chronic IH induced cardiac effects. These findings suggest that chronic IH induces cardiomyopathy characterized by oxidative stress-mediated cardiac damage and the antioxidant MT protects the heart from such pathological and functional changes.
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Meta-analysis of immunohistochemical expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1? as a prognostic role in gastric cancer.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2014
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To conduct a meta-analysis to evaluate the prognostic role of hypoxia inducible factor-1? (HIF-1?) expression in gastric cancer.
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Involvement of a specific chemosensory protein from Bactrocera dorsalis in perceiving host plant volatiles.
J. Chem. Ecol.
PUBLISHED: 02-18-2014
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Insects have evolved many physiological and behavioral adaptations to recognize external complex chemicals. Olfaction plays an important role in perceiving volatile chemicals, utilizing them to locate host sites, conspecifics, and enemies. Chemosensory proteins (CSPs) are present in high concentrations within the sensory sensilla of insects and are endowed with a heterogeneous range of functions. However, direct evidence for the involvement of CSPs in olfactory function is still lacking. In this study, a fluorescence-based ligand binding assay using Bdor-CSP2 illustrated its ability to bind the majority of the selected ligands of different shapes and chemical structures that are ecologically significant, host plant volatiles of Bactrocera dorsalis. RNAi-mediated silencing coupled with electrophysiological tests showed lower electrophysiological responses to (3Z)-hex-3-en-1-ol, trans-2-hexenal, 6-methylhept-5-en-2-one, and 3-methylbutyl acetate in dsBdor CSP2 treated flies compared with the untreated controls. The reduced expression of Bdor-CSP2 by RNA interference was confirmed by semi-quantitative PCR, real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot, which suggested the RNAi-treatment was responsible for the observed reduction of antennal responses in EAG recordings. These data suggest that the expression of Bdor-CSP2 is necessary for the recognition of antennal responses to some plant host volatiles by B. dorsalis.
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Endomorphin analogues with mixed ?-opioid (MOP) receptor agonism/?-opioid (DOP) receptor antagonism and lacking ?-arrestin2 recruitment activity.
Bioorg. Med. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2014
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Analogues of endomorphin (Dmt-Pro-Xaa-Xaa-NH2) modified at position 4 or at positions 4 and 3, and tripeptides (Dmt-Pro-Xaa-NH2) modified at position 3, with various phenylalanine analogues (Xaa=Trp, 1-Nal, 2-Nal, Tmp, Dmp, Dmt) were synthesized and their effects on in vitro opioid activity were investigated. Most of the peptides exhibited high ?-opioid (MOP) receptor binding affinity (KiMOP=0.13-0.81nM), modest MOP-selectivity (Ki?-opioid (DOP)/KiMOP=3.5-316), and potent functional MOP agonism (GPI, IC50=0.274-249nM) without DOP and ?-opioid (KOP) receptor agonism. Among them, compounds 7 (Dmt-Pro-Tmp-Tmp-NH2) and 9 (Dmt-Pro-1-Nal-NH2) were opioids with potent mixed MOP receptor agonism/DOP receptor antagonism and devoid of ?-arrestin2 recruitment activity. They may offer a unique template for the discovery of potent analgesics that produce less respiratory depression, less gastrointestinal dysfunction and that have a lower propensity to induce tolerance and dependence compared with morphine.
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Klotho suppresses growth and invasion of colon cancer cells through inhibition of IGF1R-mediated PI3K/AKT pathway.
Int. J. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 02-05-2014
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Klotho (KL) was originally characterized as an aging suppressor gene, and has been identified as a tumor suppressor gene in a variety of cancers including colon cancer. However, the potential role and molecular events for KL in colon cancer remain unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the expression of KL in human colon cancer by immunohistochemistry, and to analyze the correlation between KL expression and clinicopathological characteristics of patients with colon cancer. Functional analysis after lentivirus-mediated gain of KL expression was used to assess the tumor growth and invasion in colon cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. The rate of KL expression was significantly decreased in cancer tissues compared with that in adjacent non-cancer tissues (ANCT) (60.3 vs.77.9%, P=0.022), and KL expression was negatively associated with Dukes staging (P=0.034) and depth of tumor invasion (P=0.008). Overexpression of KL in vitro inhibited cell proliferative activities and invasive potential in colon cancer cells, companied with decreased expression of p-IGF1R, p-PI3K, p-AKT, PCNA and MMP-2. In addition, the tumor volumes in the HT-29 subcutaneous tumor model treated with lentivirus?mediated KL vector (Lv-KL) was significantly smaller than those of the negative control (NC) group (P<0.01). Taken together, our findings indicate that the expression of KL is downregulated in human colon caner and correlates with tumor invasion and Dukes staging, while overexpression of KL suppresses growth and invasion through inhibition of IGF1R-mediated PI3K/AKT pathway in colon cancer cells, suggesting that KL may serve as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of colon cancer.
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Axis inhibition protein 2 polymorphisms may be a risk factor for families with isolated oligodontia.
Mol Med Rep
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2014
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The objective of the present study was to search for Msh homeobox 1 (MSX1), paired box gene 9 (PAX9), ectodysplasin?A (EDA) and axis inhibition protein 2 (AXIN2) variants in a family with isolated oligodontia and analyse the pathogenesis of mutations that result in oligodontia phenotypes. Members of a single family (but of different descent) with oligodontia and unrelated healthy controls were enrolled in our study. Genomic DNA was isolated from blood samples. Mutation analysis was performed by amplifying MSX1, PAX9, EDA and AXIN2 exons as well as their exon?intron boundaries and sequencing the products. DNA sequencing of the AXIN2 gene revealed three mutations in the two patients with oligodontia: a homozygotic silent mutation c.1365A>G (p.Pro455=) in exon 3, two c.956+16A>G mutations (II?1: homozygosis; III?1: heterozygosis) and c.1200+71A>G (homozygosis) in the intron, which possibly contributed to structural and functional changes in proteins. The heterozygotic mutations c.1365A>G and c.1200+71A>G were identified in the proband's mother (II?2). No mutations were detected in the MSX1, PAX9 and EDA genes of oligodontia patients. The findings suggest that the c.956+16A>G, c.1365A>G and c.1200+71A>G mutations of AXIN2 may be responsible for the oligodontia phenotype in this family, but these findings require further study.
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Laparoscopic segmental colectomy for colonic lymphangiomas: a definitive, minimally invasive surgical option.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2014
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Colonic lymphangioma is an unusual benign malformation. We herein describe two cases. A 36-year-old woman was admitted with one year of intermittent abdominal pain; colonoscopy, abdominopelvic computed tomography and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) revealed enlarged cystic masses at the ascending colon. In another 40-year-old man, colonoscopy and EUS revealed an asymptomatic lobulated cystic mass with four small sessile polyps at the sigmoid colon. Both patients underwent laparoscopic segmental colectomy. Both masses were histologically confirmed as cystic lymphangiomas, and the patients were discharged without complications. The management of colonic lymphangioma depends on the individual situation; close surveillance or endoscopic therapy may be appropriate for asymptomatic lesions smaller than 2.5 cm in diameter. Surgical intervention can be considered for larger lesions or in patients who develop complication risks. Laparoscopic segmental colon resection may be recommended to excise relatively large submucosal lesions because it is a definitive, minimally invasive intervention with a fast postoperative recovery.
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A pilot study of iPad-assisted cognitive training for schizophrenia.
Arch Psychiatr Nurs
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2014
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In this pilot study, we aimed to examine whether iPad-assisted cognitive training could be beneficial in ameliorating some of the cognitive impairment that accompany schizophrenia. Totally, 20 first-episode schizophrenia patients were randomly assigned to an experiment group (with cognitive training) or to a control group (without cognitive training). The N-back task was assessed at baseline and after intervention, to see what effects iPad-assisted training might have (week 4). The experimental group exhibited significant improvement in the accuracy rate at 2-back, and reaction time at 0, 1 and 2-back tasks. These findings suggest that iPad- or other technically-assisted cognitive training may potentially be a valid strategy for pursuing cognitive rehabilitation among those with schizophrenia.
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Risk factors of lymphatic metastasis complement poor radiological detection in gallbladder cancer.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2014
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To explore risk factors of lymphatic metastasis (LM) in gallbladder cancer, and their potential to complement unsatisfactory radiological detection.
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Discovery of structure-based small molecular inhibitor of ?B-crystallin against basal-like/triple-negative breast cancer development in vitro and in vivo.
Breast Cancer Res. Treat.
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2014
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?B-crystallin (CRYAB) is present at a high frequency in poor prognosis basal-like breast tumours, which are largely absent of oestrogen, progesterone receptors and HER2 known as triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). CRYAB functions as a molecular chaperone to bind to and correct intracellular misfolded/unfolded proteins such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), preventing non-specific protein aggregations under the influence of the tumour microenvironment stress and/or anti-cancer treatments including bevacizumab therapy. Directly targeting CRYAB can sensitize tumour cells to chemotherapeutic agents and decrease tumour aggressiveness. However, growing evidence shows that CRYAB is a critical adaptive response element after ischemic heart disease and stroke, implying that directly targeting CRYAB might cause serious unwanted side effects. Here, we used structure-based molecular docking of CRYAB and identified a potent small molecular inhibitor, NCI-41356, which can strongly block the interaction between CRYAB and VEGF165 without affecting CRYAB levels. The disruption of the interaction between CRYAB and VEGF165 elicits in vitro anti-tumour cell proliferation and invasive effects through the down-regulation of VEGF signalling in the breast cancer cells. The observed in vitro anti-tumour angiogenesis of endothelial cells might be attributed to the down-regulation of paracrine VEGF signalling in the breast cancer cells after treatment with NCI-41356. Intraperitoneal injection of NCI-41356 greatly inhibits the tumour growth and vasculature development in in vivo human breast cancer xenograft models. Our findings provide 'proof-of-concept' for the development of highly specific structure-based alternative targeted therapy for the prevention and/or treatment of TNBC.
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Complete genome sequence of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens LFB112 isolated from Chinese herbs, a strain of a broad inhibitory spectrum against domestic animal pathogens.
J. Biotechnol.
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2014
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Bacillus amyloliquefaciens LFB112, isolated from Chinese herbs, displays a broad inhibitory activity against an array of pathogens involved in domestic animal diseases. Here, we present the complete genome sequence of B. amyloliquefaciens LFB112, providing insights into the genomic basis of its effects and facilitating its application in animal production.
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Traumatic brain injury using mouse models.
Transl Stroke Res
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2014
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The use of mouse models in traumatic brain injury (TBI) has several advantages compared to other animal models including low cost of breeding, easy maintenance, and innovative technology to create genetically modified strains. Studies using knockout and transgenic mice demonstrating functional gain or loss of molecules provide insight into basic mechanisms of TBI. Mouse models provide powerful tools to screen for putative therapeutic targets in TBI. This article reviews currently available mouse models that replicate several clinical features of TBI such as closed head injuries (CHI), penetrating head injuries, and a combination of both. CHI may be caused by direct trauma creating cerebral concussion or contusion. Sudden acceleration-deceleration injuries of the head without direct trauma may also cause intracranial injury by the transmission of shock waves to the brain. Recapitulation of temporary cavities that are induced by high-velocity penetrating objects in the mouse brain are difficult to produce, but slow brain penetration injuries in mice are reviewed. Synergistic damaging effects on the brain following systemic complications are also described. Advantages and disadvantages of CHI mouse models induced by weight drop, fluid percussion, and controlled cortical impact injuries are compared. Differences in the anatomy, biomechanics, and behavioral evaluations between mice and humans are discussed. Although the use of mouse models for TBI research is promising, further development of these techniques is warranted.
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Homocysteine as a risk factor for hypertension: a 2-year follow-up study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Homocysteine (Hcy) is regarded as a risk factor for hypertension, but research on the causal relationship between Hcy and hypertension is limited. In the present study, we prospectively tracked the blood pressure progression of a normotensive population with different Hcy levels over a 2-year period. The incidence of hypertension with increasing Hcy quartiles produced an approximately U-shaped curve, with significance in males. Compared with the third quartile, the risk of hypertension in the first and second quartiles was increased by 1.55 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.154-2.081) fold and 1.501 (95% CI 1.119-2.013) fold, respectively, with the increase being more significant in males. In conclusion, Hcy is related to hypertension incidence with the results approximating an U-shaped curve. Low Hcy levels might also increase the risk of hypertension.
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Low expression of RSK4 predicts poor prognosis in patients with colorectal cancer.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death all over the world. Ribosomal s6 kinase4 (RSK4), an X-linked gene, firstly was found as to be a potential tumor suppressive gene in a variety of cancers and is widely participated in signaling pathway. However its role in CRC is unclear. This study is to explore the correlation between the protein expression of RSK4 and clinical pathologic characteristics in colorectal tumors, which might serve as a prognostic determinant of colorectal cancers.
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High expression of lncRNA MALAT1 suggests a biomarker of poor prognosis in colorectal cancer.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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This study sought to investigate the role of the long noncoding RNA MALAT1 in the prognosis of stage II/III colorectal cancer (CRC) patients.
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Differentially expressed plasma microRNAs and the potential regulatory function of Let-7b in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a progressive disease characterized by misguided thrombolysis and remodeling of pulmonary arteries. MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs involved in multiple cell processes and functions. During CTEPH, circulating microRNA profile endued with characteristics of diseased cells could be identified as a biomarker, and might help in recognition of pathogenesis. Thus, in this study, we compared the differentially expressed microRNAs in plasma of CTEPH patients and healthy controls and investigated their potential functions. Microarray was used to identify microRNA expression profile and qRT-PCR for validation. The targets of differentially expressed microRNAs were identified in silico, and the Gene Ontology database and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway database were used for functional investigation of target gene profile. Targets of let-7b were validated by fluorescence reporter assay. Protein expression of target genes was determined by ELISA or western blotting. Cell migration was evaluated by wound healing assay. The results showed that 1) thirty five microRNAs were differentially expressed in CTEPH patients, among which, a signature of 17 microRNAs, which was shown to be related to the disease pathogenesis by in silico analysis, gave diagnostic efficacy of both sensitivity and specificity >0.9. 2) Let-7b, one of the down-regulated anti-oncogenic microRNAs in the signature, was validated to decrease to about 0.25 fold in CTEPH patients. 3) ET-1 and TGFBR1 were direct targets of let-7b. Altering let-7b level influenced ET-1 and TGFBR1 expression in pulmonary arterial endothelial cells (PAECs) as well as the migration of PAECs and pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). These results suggested that CTEPH patients had aberrant microRNA signature which might provide some clue for pathogenesis study and biomarker screening. Reduced let-7b might be involved in the pathogenesis of CTEPH by affecting ET-1 expression and the function of PAECs and PASMCs.
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RNA-seq reveals determinants for irinotecan sensitivity/resistance in colorectal cancer cell lines.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Irinotecan is a topoisomerase I inhibitor approved worldwide as a first- and second-line chemotherapy for advanced or recurrent colorectal cancer (CRC). Although irinotecan showed significant survival advantage for patients, a relatively low response rate and severe adverse effects demonstrated the urgent need for biomarkers searching to select the suitable patients who can benefit from irinotecan-based therapy and avoid the adverse effects. In present work, the irinotecan response (IC50 doses) of 20 CRC cell lines were correlated with the basal expression profiles investigated by RNA-seq to figure out genes responsible for irinotecan sensitivity/resistance. Genes negatively or positively correlated to irinotecan sensitivity were given after biocomputation, and 7 (CDC20, CTNNAL1, FZD7, CITED2, ABR, ARHGEF7, and RNMT) of them were validated in two CRC cell lines by quantitative real-time PCR, several of these 7 genes has been proposed to promote cancer cells proliferation and hence may confer CRC cells resistance to irinotecan. Our work might provide potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for irinotecan sensitivity in CRC cells.
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Current approaches to enhance CNS delivery of drugs across the brain barriers.
Int J Nanomedicine
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Although many agents have therapeutic potentials for central nervous system (CNS) diseases, few of these agents have been clinically used because of the brain barriers. As the protective barrier of the CNS, the blood-brain barrier and the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier maintain the brain microenvironment, neuronal activity, and proper functioning of the CNS. Different strategies for efficient CNS delivery have been studied. This article reviews the current approaches to open or facilitate penetration across these barriers for enhanced drug delivery to the CNS. These approaches are summarized into three broad categories: noninvasive, invasive, and miscellaneous techniques. The progresses made using these approaches are reviewed, and the associated mechanisms and problems are discussed.
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The ideal cardiovascular health metrics associated inversely with mortality from all causes and from cardiovascular diseases among adults in a Northern Chinese industrial city.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The American Heart Association has recently established seven ideal cardiovascular health metrics for cardiovascular health promotion and disease reduction (i.e., non-smoking, normal body mass index, physically active, healthy diet, and normal levels of cholesterol, blood pressure and fasting blood glucose). The present study seeks to evaluate how well these metrics predict mortality from all causes and cardiovascular diseases in adult Chinese living in a northern industrial city.
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Genetic variants associated with myocardial infarction and the risk factors in Chinese population.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Recent genome-wide association (GWA) studies in Caucasians identified multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). The associations of those SNPs with myocardial infarction (MI) have not been replicated in Asian populations. Among those previously identified SNPs, we selected nine (rs10953541, rs1122608, rs12190287, rs12413409, rs1412444, rs1746048, rs3798220, rs4977574, rs579459, in or near genes 7q22, LDLR, TCF21, CYP17A1, LIPA, CXCL12, LPA, CDKN2A, ABO, respectively) because of the relatively high minor allele frequencies in Chinese individuals and tested the associations of the SNPs with MI and MI related risk factors in Chinese population.
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[Impact of resting heart rate on new-onset diabetes in population without hypertension].
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-28-2013
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To investigate the impact of resting heart rate (RHR) on new-onset diabetes (NOD) in population without hypertension.
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Genetic modulation of working memory deficits by ankyrin 3 gene in schizophrenia.
Prog. Neuropsychopharmacol. Biol. Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 11-11-2013
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Neuropsychological endophenotype approach is an emerging strategy in schizophrenia research to understand and identify the functional importance of genetically transmitted, brain-based deficits present in this disorder. Accumulating evidence indicated that working memory deficit is a core neuropsychological dysfunction in schizophrenia and a primary endophenotype indexing the liability to develop schizophrenia. Genetic variation in ankyrin 3 gene (ANK3) is likely to have widespread cognitive effects. Our previous study has identified a significant association of ANK3 SNPs and schizophrenia. In this study, we aimed to examine whether the schizophrenia-risk SNPs within ANK3 may affect working memory deficits in schizophrenia patients. Herein, we assess the working memory performance in 163 patients with first-episode, antipsychotic-naïve schizophrenia and 42 sex, age-matched healthy subjects using N-back task. Two SNPs rs10761482 and rs10994336 were genotyped among the patients and 209 controls. Our results showed that schizophrenia patients showed significantly poorer performance than healthy controls on N-back task (ps<0.01). After adjusting for the scores of intelligence quotient, memory quotient and the demographic factors, there was a significant genotype effect of the rs10994336 on the accuracy rate and reaction time of 2-back item (p=0.048 and 0.024, respectively). Post-hoc analyses showed that patients with rs10994336T/T genotype had significantly lower accuracy rate and more reaction time at 2-back task than those with T/C and C/C genotypes. The association of SNP rs10994336 with schizophrenia was replicated in our sample (genotypic p=0.024 and allelic p=0.006). However, we did not find any significant association of rs10761482 with schizophrenia and parameters in N-back task. Our results indicated that genetic variation within ANK3 may exert gene-specific modulating effects on working memory deficits in schizophrenia.
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[Application of anterior-inferior approach through retrohepatic tunnel for dissecting short hepatic veins in laparoscopic right hemihepatectomy].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-31-2013
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To explore the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic right hemihepatectomy via an anterior-inferior approach through retrohepatic tunnel in the dissection of short hepatic veins (SHVs).
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Improved renormalization group theory for critical asymmetry of fluids.
J Chem Phys
PUBLISHED: 10-05-2013
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We develop an improved renormalization group (RG) approach incorporating the critical vapor-liquid equilibrium asymmetry. In order to treat the critical asymmetry of vapor-liquid equilibrium, the integral measure is introduced in the Landau-Ginzbug partition function to achieve a crossover between the local order parameter in Ising model and the density of fluid systems. In the implementation of the improved RG approach, we relate the integral measure with the inhomogeneous density distribution of a fluid system and combine the developed method with SAFT-VR (statistical associating fluid theory of variable range) equation of state. The method is applied to various fluid systems including square-well fluid, square-well dimer fluid and real fluids such as methane (CH4), ethane (C2H6), trifluorotrichloroethane (C2F3Cl3), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6). The descriptions of vapor-liquid equilibria provided by the developed method are in excellent agreement with simulation and experimental data. Furthermore, the improved method predicts accurate and qualitatively correct behavior of coexistence diameter near the critical point and produces the non-classical 3D Ising criticality.
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[Analysis of cracking gas compressor fouling by pyrolysis gas chromatography-mass spectrometry].
Se Pu
PUBLISHED: 09-26-2013
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The fouling from the different sections of the cracked gas compressor in Daqing Petrochemical Corporation was analyzed by pyrolysis gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (Py/GC-MS). All the samples were cracked in RJ-1 tube furnace cracker at the cracking temperature of 500 degrees C, and separated with a 60 m DB-1 capillary column. An electron impact ionization (EI) source was used with the ionizing voltage of 70 eV. The results showed the formation of fouling was closely related with cyclopentadiene which accounted for about 50% of the cracking products. Other components detected were 1-butylene, propylene, methane and n-butane. This Py/GC-MS method can be used as an effective approach to analyze the causes of fouling in the petrochemical plants.
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[Transperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy for upper ureteral calculi: a report of 1171 cases].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-14-2013
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To evaluate clinical outcomes and values of transperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy.
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Tumor biomarkers: help or mislead in the diagnosis of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis?-analysis of serum CA 19-9, carcinoembryonic antigen, and CA 12-5.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 08-29-2013
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Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC) is a rare type of gallbladder inflammation. Unlike other cholecystitis, it can be easily misdiagnosed as gallbladder cancer based on radiological images. In response to misdiagnosis, extended surgical treatments are inappropriately given to patients, which is not beneficial to their health and/or recovery. In this study, we set out to determine whether tumor biomarkers can help to avoid misdiagnosis in patients with XGC.
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Determination of genomic copy number alteration emphasizing a restriction site-based strategy of genome re-sequencing.
Bioinformatics
PUBLISHED: 08-20-2013
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Copy number abbreviation (CNA) is one type of genomic aberration that is often induced by genome instability and is associated with diseases such as cancer. Determination of the genome-wide CNA profile is an important step in identifying the underlying mutation mechanisms. Genomic data based on next-generation sequencing technology are particularly suitable for determination of high-quality CNA profile. Now is an important time to reevaluate the use of sequencing techniques for CNA analysis, especially with the rapid growth of the different targeted genome and whole-genome sequencing strategies.
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Gelatin nanostructured lipid carriers-mediated intranasal delivery of basic fibroblast growth factor enhances functional recovery in hemiparkinsonian rats.
Nanomedicine
PUBLISHED: 07-27-2013
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Lipid nanoparticles with solid matrix have been given increasing attention due to their biodegradable status and ability to entrap a variety of biologically active compounds. In this study, new phospholipid-based gelatin nanoparticles encapsulating basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) were developed to target the brain via nasal administration. Treatment effects were assessed by quantifying rotational behavior, monoamine neurotransmitter levels and tyrosine hydroxylase expression in 6-hydroxydopamine induced hemiparkinsonian rats. The gelatin nanostructured lipid carriers (GNLs) were prepared by a water-in-water emulsion method and then freeze-dried. The GNLs possessed better profile than gelatin nanoparticles (GNs), with particle size 143±1.14nm and Zeta potential -38.2±1.2mV. The intranasal GNLs efficiently enriched exogenous bFGF in olfactory bulb and striatum without adverse impact on the integrity of nasal mucosa and showed obvious therapeutic effects on hemiparkinsonian rats. Thus, GNLs are attractive carriers for nose-to-brain drug delivery, especially for unstable macromolecular drugs such as bFGF.
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[Impact of systolic blood pressure on visit-to-visit blood pressure variability in middle-aged and elderly people].
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-25-2013
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To observe the impact of systolic blood pressure (SBP) on visit-to-visit blood pressure variability (BPV) in middle-aged and elderly people.
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Serum microRNA-21 levels are related to tumor size in gastric cancer patients but cannot predict prognosis.
Oncol Lett
PUBLISHED: 07-17-2013
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In patients with gastric cancer (GC), circulating microRNA-21 (miR-21) is overexpressed and may serve as a diagnostic biomarker. In the present study, it was hypothesized that the serum miR-21 expression levels were associated with prognosis in the patients with GC. The expression levels of serum miR-21 were measured using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assays in 103 GC patients. Survival and Cox proportional-hazards regression analyses were performed to determine the correlation between serum miR-21 expression levels and prognosis in the patients. The correlation between the serum miR-21 levels and the clinicopathological factors of the patients was also analyzed. Survival curves were not significantly different between the groups exhibiting high and low levels of serum miR-21 expression. High levels of miR-21 in the serum were associated with an increased tumor size and an advanced pT stage. These findings suggest that serum miR-21 could be exploited as a practical biomarker for monitoring tumor burden in patients with GC.
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Association study of common variants within the G protein-coupled receptor kinase 6 gene and schizophrenia susceptibility in Han Chinese.
Hum Psychopharmacol
PUBLISHED: 07-16-2013
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In this study, we examined whether common variants in the G protein-coupled receptor kinase 6 gene (GRK6) confers susceptibility to schizophrenia in Chinese. We genotyped two common variants in 697 schizophrenia patients and 563 healthy control subjects. No significant difference in either allele or genotype comparisons between the case and control groups was found. Our results imply that GRK6 may not play a role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia among Han Chinese. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Does the bipolar disorder-associated CACNA1C gene confer susceptibility to schizophrenia in Han Chinese?
J. Mol. Neurosci.
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2013
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The gene coding for the calcium channel, voltage-dependent, L type, alpha 1C subunit (CACNA1C) has been reported to be associated with bipolar disorder (BD) in our previous study. Broad evidence suggests some degree of shared genetic susceptibility between BD and schizophrenia. In this study, we aimed to determine whether the BD-associated gene CACNA1C confers susceptibility to schizophrenia. The association was assessed using a cross section study of 696 schizophrenia patients and 1,114 matched control subjects of Han Chinese origin. Between-group comparisons of genotypic or allelic frequencies showed no statistically significant differences. CACNA1C is unlikely to play a major role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia in Han Chinese. Further large-scale replication studies using a haplotype-tagging single-nucleotide polymorphism selection approach are required to obtain more conclusive results of any potential association.
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Critical asymmetry in renormalization group theory for fluids.
J Chem Phys
PUBLISHED: 06-28-2013
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The renormalization-group (RG) approaches for fluids are employed to investigate critical asymmetry of vapour-liquid equilibrium (VLE) of fluids. Three different approaches based on RG theory for fluids are reviewed and compared. RG approaches are applied to various fluid systems: hard-core square-well fluids of variable ranges, hard-core Yukawa fluids, and square-well dimer fluids and modelling VLE of n-alkane molecules. Phase diagrams of simple model fluids and alkanes described by RG approaches are analyzed to assess the capability of describing the VLE critical asymmetry which is suggested in complete scaling theory. Results of thermodynamic properties obtained by RG theory for fluids agree with the simulation and experimental data. Coexistence diameters, which are smaller than the critical densities, are found in the RG descriptions of critical asymmetries of several fluids. Our calculation and analysis show that the approach coupling local free energy with Whites RG iteration which aims to incorporate density fluctuations into free energy is not adequate for VLE critical asymmetry due to the inadequate order parameter and the local free energy functional used in the partition function.
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Correlation of bevacizumab-induced hypertension and outcomes of metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with bevacizumab: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
World J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 06-27-2013
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With the wide application of targeted drug therapies, the relevance of prognostic and predictive markers in patient selection has become increasingly important. Bevacizumab is commonly used in combination with chemotherapy in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer. However, there are currently no predictive or prognostic biomarkers for bevacizumab. Several clinical studies have evaluated bevacizumab-induced hypertension in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. This meta-analysis was performed to better determine the association of bevacizumab-induced hypertension with outcome in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, and to assess whether bevacizumab-induced hypertension can be used as a prognostic factor in these patients.
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Complete Genome Sequence of an Oral Commensal, Streptococcus oligofermentans Strain AS 1.3089.
Genome Announc
PUBLISHED: 06-22-2013
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Streptococcus oligofermentans, an oral commensal, inhibits the growth of the dental caries pathogen Streptococcus mutans by producing large amounts of hydrogen peroxide. Therefore, it can be a potential probiotic for oral health. Here we report the complete genome sequence of S. oligofermentans strain AS 1.3089.
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Gastrointestinal stromal tumors of the duodenum: surgical management and survival results.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 05-04-2013
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To provide long-term survival results of operable duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumors (DGISTs) in a tertiary center in China.
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Downregulation of MicroRNA-19b Contributes to Angiotensin II-Induced Overexpression of Connective Tissue Growth Factor in Cardiomyocytes.
Cardiology
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2013
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Objectives: The present study was designed to decipher the molecular mechanisms underlying angiotensin (Ang) II-induced overexpression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in cultured cardiomyocytes. Methods: Cardiomyocytes isolated from 1- to 3-day-old neonatal rats were cultured and treated with 100 nM Ang II with or without pretreatment with 10 nM telmisartan, an Ang II type 1 receptor antagonist. The role of microRNA (miR)-19b in the regulation of Ang II-induced CTGF expression was evaluated in cultured cardiomyocytes with quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis. Results: We provide several lines of evidence to show that miR-19b contributes to the Ang II-induced overexpression of CTGF in cultured cardiomyocytes. Firstly, administration of Ang II decreased the level of miR-19b dramatically (p < 0.05 vs. control), which was abolished by telmisartan. Secondly, Ang II increased the level of CTGF significantly (p < 0.05 vs. control), which was also prevented by pretreatment with telmisartan. Thirdly, overexpression of miR-19b decreased CTGF levels (p < 0.05 vs. control). Finally, transfection of miR-19b into cardiomyocytes prevented the upregulation of CTGF induced by Ang II. Conclusion: Downregulation of miR-19b contributes to Ang II-induced overexpression of CTGF in cultured cardiomyocytes. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
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Influence of polymorphisms in genes SLC1A1, GRIN2B, and GRIK2 on clozapine-induced obsessive-compulsive symptoms.
Psychopharmacology (Berl.)
PUBLISHED: 04-27-2013
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Clinical observations indicate that atypical antipsychotics, especially clozapine, induce obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms in schizophrenia patients. Recent data from neuroimaging and clinical trials suggest a role for altered glutamate neurotransmission in the etiology of OC disorder (OCD), and SLC1A1, GRIN2B, and GRIK2 have all been reported to regulate glutamate transmission and affect OCD pathophysiology.
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Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging for predicting the response of rectal cancer to neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiation.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 04-15-2013
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To evaluate the clinical value of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) in predicting the response of rectal cancer to neoadjuvant chemoradiation.
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Ultrasound-mediated strategies in opening brain barriers for drug brain delivery.
Expert Opin Drug Deliv
PUBLISHED: 04-04-2013
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Though many agents have therapeutic potentials for brain diseases, few have been used in clinical environments because of the brain barriers. As an effective interventional technique, ultrasound (US) could be a potentially feasible approach to disrupt the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and deliver therapeutic agents into the brain.
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Culture and motion analysis of diatom Bacillaria paradoxa on a microfluidic platform.
Curr. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 03-27-2013
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We proved the feasibility of using a microfluidic chip to culture diatom Bacillaria paradoxa, and analyzed the gliding characteristics of its self-organized colony in detail. The optimal cultivation parameters of B. paradoxa for the designed chip made with polydimethylsiloxane are as follows: the preferable cells injecting rate for keeping the cells alive is 0.2 mL/h, the initial cell density for fast reproduction is 5.5 × 10(4) cells/mL, and the optimal replacement period of culture medium is 4 days. B. paradoxa tends to form a colony during their growth, and the colony can glide with a steady period of 29 ± 3 s along its axial direction in a constant stream, the amplitude of the colony will not decay (e.g., 24 ?m of two-cell colony at 1.1 mm/s flow rate), and the colony rapidly adjusts its direction of gliding to the direction of water flow. The successful culture of diatoms on a microfluidic platform may be used for biosensing chips and the creation of gasoline-producing diatom solar panels.
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Correlation between electrophysiological properties, morphological maturation, and olig gene changes during postnatal motor tract development.
Dev Neurobiol
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2013
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This study investigated electrophysiological and histological changes as well as alterations of myelin relevant proteins of descending motor tracts in rat pups. Motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) represent descending conducting responses following stimulation of the motor cortex to responses being elicited from the lower extremities. MEP responses were recorded biweekly from postnatal (PN) week 1 to week 9 (adult). MEP latencies in PN week 1 rats averaged 23.7 ms and became shorter during early maturation, stabilizing at 6.6 ms at PN week 4. During maturation, the conduction velocity (CV) increased from 2.8 ± 0.2 at PN week 1 to 35.2 ± 3.1 mm/ms at PN week 8. Histology of the spinal cord and sciatic nerves revealed progressive axonal myelination. Expression of the oligodendrocyte precursor markers PDGFR? and NG2 were downregulated in spinal cords, and myelin-relevant proteins such as GalC, CNP, and MBP increased during maturation. Oligodendrocyte-lineage markers Olig2 and MOG, expressed in myelinated oligodendrocytes, peaked at PN week 3 and were downregulated thereafter. A similar expression pattern was observed in neurofilament M/H subunits that were extensively phosphorylated in adult spinal cords but not in neonatal spinal cords, suggesting an increase in axon diameter and myelin formation. Ultrastructural morphology in the ventrolateral funiculus (VLF) showed axon myelination of the VLF axons (99.3%) at PN week 2, while 44.6% were sheathed at PN week 1. Increased axon diameter and myelin thickness in the VLF and sciatic nerves were highly correlated to the CV (rs > 0.95). This suggests that MEPs could be a predicator of morphological maturity of myelinated axons in descending motor tracts.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.