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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Decreased neuronal bursting and phase synchrony in the hippocampus of streptozotocin diabetic rats.
J Diabetes Res
PUBLISHED: 03-31-2014
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Diabetic encephalopathy is one of the complications of diabetes. Cognitive dysfunction is the main consequence. Previous findings from neuroanatomical and in vitro electrophysiological studies showed that the structure and function of the hippocampus is impaired in diabetes, which may underlie the cognitive dysfunction induced by diabetes. However the study of electrophysiological abnormality of hippocampal neurons in intact networks is sparse. In the current study, we recorded the spontaneous firing of neurons in hippocampal CA1 area in anesthetized streptozotozin (STZ)-diabetic and age-matched control rats. Profound reduction in burst activity was found in diabetic rats. Compared to control rats, the intra-burst inter-spike intervals were prolonged significantly in diabetic rats, while the burst ratio and the mean number of spikes within a burst decreased significantly. Treatment with APP 17-mer peptide retarded the effects of diabetes on these parameters. In addition, the average PLV of diabetic rats was lower than that of control rats. These findings provide in vivo electrophysiological evidence for the impairment of hippocampal function in STZ-diabetic rats, and may have some implications in the mechanisms associated with cognitive deficits in diabetes.
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Pulsed electromagnetic fields partially preserve bone mass, microarchitecture, and strength by promoting bone formation in hindlimb-suspended rats.
J. Bone Miner. Res.
PUBLISHED: 03-09-2014
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A large body of evidence indicates that pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF), as a safe and noninvasive method, could promote in vivo and in vitro osteogenesis. Thus far, the effects and underlying mechanisms of PEMF on disuse osteopenia and/or osteoporosis remain poorly understood. Herein, the efficiency of PEMF on osteoporotic bone microarchitecture, bone strength, and bone metabolism, together with its associated signaling pathway mechanism, was systematically investigated in hindlimb-unloaded (HU) rats. Thirty young mature (3-month-old), male Sprague-Dawley rats were equally assigned to control, HU, and HU + PEMF groups. The HU + PEMF group was subjected to daily 2-hour PEMF exposure at 15 Hz, 2.4 mT. After 4 weeks, micro-computed tomography (µCT) results showed that PEMF ameliorated the deterioration of trabecular and cortical bone microarchitecture. Three-point bending test showed that PEMF mitigated HU-induced reduction in femoral mechanical properties, including maximum load, stiffness, and elastic modulus. Moreover, PEMF increased serum bone formation markers, including osteocalcin (OC) and N-terminal propeptide of type 1 procollagen (P1NP); nevertheless, PEMF exerted minor inhibitory effects on bone resorption markers, including C-terminal crosslinked telopeptides of type I collagen (CTX-I) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRAcP5b). Bone histomorphometric analysis demonstrated that PEMF increased mineral apposition rate, bone formation rate, and osteoblast numbers in cancellous bone, but PEMF caused no obvious changes on osteoclast numbers. Real-time PCR showed that PEMF promoted tibial gene expressions of Wnt1, LRP5, ?-catenin, OPG, and OC, but did not alter RANKL, RANK, or Sost mRNA levels. Moreover, the inhibitory effects of PEMF on disuse-induced osteopenia were further confirmed in 8-month-old mature adult HU rats. Together, these results demonstrate that PEMF alleviated disuse-induced bone loss by promoting skeletal anabolic activities, and imply that PEMF might become a potential biophysical treatment modality for disuse osteoporosis.
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Moderate-intensity rotating magnetic fields do not affect bone quality and bone remodeling in hindlimb suspended rats.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Abundant evidence has substantiated the positive effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) and static magnetic fields (SMF) on inhibiting osteopenia and promoting fracture healing. However, the osteogenic potential of rotating magnetic fields (RMF), another common electromagnetic application modality, remains poorly characterized thus far, although numerous commercial RMF treatment devices have been available on the market. Herein the impacts of RMF on osteoporotic bone microarchitecture, bone strength and bone metabolism were systematically investigated in hindlimb-unloaded (HU) rats. Thirty two 3-month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to the Control (n?=?10), HU (n?=?10) and HU with RMF exposure (HU+RMF, n?=?12) groups. Rats in the HU+RMF group were subjected to daily 2-hour exposure to moderate-intensity RMF (ranging from 0.60 T to 0.38 T) at 7 Hz for 4 weeks. HU caused significant decreases in body mass and soleus muscle mass of rats, which were not obviously altered by RMF. Three-point bending test showed that the mechanical properties of femurs in HU rats, including maximum load, stiffness, energy absorption and elastic modulus were not markedly affected by RMF. µCT analysis demonstrated that 4-week RMF did not significantly prevent HU-induced deterioration of femoral trabecular and cortical bone microarchitecture. Serum biochemical analysis showed that RMF did not significantly change HU-induced decrease in serum bone formation markers and increase in bone resorption markers. Bone histomorphometric analysis further confirmed that RMF showed no impacts on bone remodeling in HU rats, as evidenced by unchanged mineral apposition rate, bone formation rate, osteoblast numbers and osteoclast numbers in cancellous bone. Together, our findings reveal that RMF do not significantly affect bone microstructure, bone mechanical strength and bone remodeling in HU-induced disuse osteoporotic rats. Our study indicates potentially obvious waveform-dependent effects of electromagnetic fields-stimulated osteogenesis, suggesting that RMF, at least in the present form, might not be an optimal modality for inhibiting disuse osteopenia/osteoporosis.
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An oxygen enrichment device for lowlanders ascending to high altitude.
Biomed Eng Online
PUBLISHED: 06-05-2013
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When ascending to the high altitude, people living in low altitude areas will suffer from acute mountain sickness. The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that whether an oxygen concentration membrane can be made and used to construct a new portable oxygen enrichment device for individuals in acute exposure to the high altitude.
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Screening of osteoprotegerin-related feature genes in osteoporosis and functional analysis with DNA microarray.
Eur. J. Med. Res.
PUBLISHED: 05-06-2013
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Osteoporosis affects 200 million people worldwide and places an enormous economic burden on society. We aim to identify the feature genes that are related to osteoprotegerin in osteoporosis and to perform function analysis with DNA microarray from human bone marrow.
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Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields Improve Bone Microstructure and Strength in Ovariectomized Rats through a Wnt/Lrp5/?-Catenin Signaling-Associated Mechanism.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Growing evidence has demonstrated that pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF), as an alternative noninvasive method, could promote remarkable in vivo and in vitro osteogenesis. However, the exact mechanism of PEMF on osteopenia/osteoporosis is still poorly understood, which further limits the extensive clinical application of PEMF. In the present study, the efficiency of PEMF on osteoporotic bone microarchitecture and bone quality together with its associated signaling pathway mechanisms was systematically investigated in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. Thirty rats were equally assigned to the Control, OVX and OVX+PEMF groups. The OVX+PEMF group was subjected to daily 8-hour PEMF exposure with 15 Hz, 2.4 mT (peak value). After 10 weeks, the OVX+PEMF group exhibited significantly improved bone mass and bone architecture, evidenced by increased BMD, Tb.N, Tb.Th and BV/TV, and suppressed Tb.Sp and SMI levels in the MicroCT analysis. Three-point bending test suggests that PEMF attenuated the biomechanical strength deterioration of the OVX rat femora, evidenced by increased maximum load and elastic modulus. RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that PEMF exposure significantly promoted the overall gene expressions of Wnt1, LRP5 and ?-catenin in the canonical Wnt signaling, but did not exhibit obvious impact on either RANKL or RANK gene expressions. Together, our present findings highlight that PEMF attenuated OVX-induced deterioration of bone microarchitecture and strength in rats by promoting the activation of Wnt/LRP5/?-catenin signaling rather than by inhibiting RANKL-RANK signaling. This study enriches our basic knowledge to the osteogenetic activity of PEMF, and may lead to more efficient and scientific clinical application of PEMF in inhibiting osteopenia/osteoporosis.
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Therapeutic effects of 15 Hz pulsed electromagnetic field on diabetic peripheral neuropathy in streptozotocin-treated rats.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Although numerous clinical studies have reported that pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) have a neuroprotective role in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), the application of PEMF for clinic is still controversial. The present study was designed to investigate whether PEMF has therapeutic potential in relieving peripheral neuropathic symptoms in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three weight-matched groups (eight in each group): the non-diabetic control group (Control), diabetes mellitus with 15 Hz PEMF exposure group (DM+PEMF) which were subjected to daily 8-h PEMF exposure for 7 weeks and diabetes mellitus with sham PEMF exposure group (DM). Signs and symptoms of DPN in STZ-treated rats were investigated by using behavioral assays. Meanwhile, ultrastructural examination and immunohistochemical study for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) of sciatic nerve were also performed. During a 7-week experimental observation, we found that PEMF stimulation did not alter hyperglycemia and weight loss in STZ-treated rats with DPN. However, PEMF stimulation attenuated the development of the abnormalities observed in STZ-treated rats with DPN, which were demonstrated by increased hind paw withdrawal threshold to mechanical and thermal stimuli, slighter demyelination and axon enlargement and less VEGF immunostaining of sciatic nerve compared to those of the DM group. The current study demonstrates that treatment with PEMF might prevent the development of abnormalities observed in animal models for DPN. It is suggested that PEMF might have direct corrective effects on injured nerves and would be a potentially promising non-invasive therapeutic tool for the treatment of DPN.
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A statistical study of the factors influencing the extent of respiratory motion blur in PET imaging.
Comput. Biol. Med.
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2011
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Respiratory motion results in significant motion blur in thoracic and abdomen PET imaging. The extent of respiratory motion blur is mainly correlated with breathing amplitude, tumor size and location. In this paper we introduce a statistical study to quantitatively show the factors influencing the extent of respiratory motion blur in thoracic PET images. The study is centered on two regression models, one is linked with motion blur induced loss of mean intensity(LMI), tumor motion magnitude and tumor size, and another is to investigate the influence of tumor location, patient gender and patient height on tumor motion magnitude. We use the blur identification and image restoration technique to estimate the tumor motion and compute the LMI. The regression model was validated by simulation and phantom data before extended to 39 cases of clinical lung tumor PET images corrupted with blurring artifact. Results show that the motion magnitude of lung tumor during breathing is 10.9±3.7mm in transaxial plane, and it is significantly greater in lower lung lobes than in upper lobes. The LMI is 7.1±2.4% in the region of interest (ROI) above 40% of the images maximum intensity. The least-square estimate of regression equations demonstrates that LMI is proportional to tumor motion magnitude and is inversely proportional to tumor size; the two factors play the same role in determining the extent of respiratory motion blur in thoraco-abdominal PET imaging. The location of tumor was shown as the major factor determining its motion magnitude, while the influencing of patient gender and height on tumor motion was not shown significant.
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Wavelet analysis of acute effects of static magnetic field on resting skin blood flow at the nail wall in young men.
Microvasc. Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2011
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Whether static magnetic field (SMF) can affect microcirculation and microvasculature in human is still ambiguous. In this study, laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) combined with spectral analysis by wavelet transform was applied to investigate acute SMF-related effects on resting skin blood flow (SBF) at the nail walls. 18 healthy young male volunteers were randomly categorized into two groups: (1) intervention group (INT; n=9) and (2) control group (CTL; n=9). In each group, three 30-minute intervals (pre-exposure, exposure and post-exposure intervals) of continuous LDF recording were taken to evaluate the baseline, SMF effects and its deferred effects. During the exposure interval in the INT group, a neodymium-iron-boron magnet was laid under the middle finger prominence while a sham was used in the CTL group. The effective flux density range of SMF along the axis of the magnet was about 46 to 223 mT between the sites of SBF measurement and the magnet. No intervention existed during other 30-minute intervals in either group. Thereafter, analysis of variance with repeated-measures combined with Bonferronis multiple comparison tests was adopted to analyze the SBF value and its spectral variants obtained by wavelet transform. The major finding of this study was that SMF exposure induced significant increases in the absolute amplitudes of frequency band III and V (aIII and aV), which indicated intrinsic myogenic and endothelial related activities (P<0.05) respectively while the mean amplitude of SBF flux still maintain on the basal level (P>0.05). Furthermore, after removal of the SMF, variations of rhythmic flow motion of SBF in SMF exposure interval vanished gradually, which suggest the limitations of the deferred-effect of SMF on SBF.
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Circadian rhythm affects the preventive role of pulsed electromagnetic fields on ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis in rats.
Bone
PUBLISHED: 07-29-2009
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Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) have been proved effective in the prevention of osteoporosis both experimentally and clinically. Chronotherapy studies have shown that circadian rhythm (CR) played an important role in the occurrence, development and treatment of several diseases. CR has also been recognized as an essential feature of bone metabolism. Therefore, it is of therapeutic significance to investigate the impact of CR on the efficacy of PEMF in the prevention of osteoporosis. However, this issue has never been discussed previously. The objective of this study was to systematically evaluate the impact of CR on the preventive effect of PEMF on osteoporosis in rats. Thirty-two 3 month old female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four different groups: sham-operated control (Sham), ovariectomy (OVX), OVX with PEMF stimulation in daytime (OVX+DPEMF) and OVX with PEMF stimulation in nighttime (OVX+NPEMF) groups. The OVX+DPEMF and OVX+NPEMF groups were subjected to daily PEMF exposure on the 2nd post-operative day, from 9:00 to 15:00, and 0:00 to 6:00, respectively. After 12 weeks, the OVX+DPEMF group presented better efficacy in prevention against OVX-induced bone loss and deterioration of trabecular bone architecture compared with the OVX+NPEMF group. This was evidenced by the increased levels of femoral bone mineral density, trabecular area percentage, trabecular thickness, trabecular number and decreased trabecular separation. Furthermore, the bone turnover biomarkers (serum alkaline phosphatase, serum bone Gla protein and urinary deoxypyridinoline) and the dynamic histomorphometric parameters reflecting the trabecular osteoblast and osteoclast activity (bone formation rate with bone volume as referent, osteoclast number, etc.) in the OVX+DPEMF group decreased to a larger extent compared with the OVX+NPEMF group. In conclusion, the results indicated that CR was an important factor determining the preventive effect of PEMF on osteoporosis and PEMF exposure in the daytime presented better stimulus efficacy in rats. The findings might be helpful for the efficacious use of PEMF mediations, evaluation of PEMF action and experimental design in the future studies of biological effect of electromagnetic fields.
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The role of oxygen-increased respirator in humans ascending to high altitude.
Biomed Eng Online
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Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is common for people who live in low altitude areas ascending to the high altitude. Many instruments have been developed to treat mild cases of AMS. However, long-lasting and portable anti-hypoxia equipment for individual is not yet available.
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Characteristics and classification of hippocampal ? rhythm induced by passive translational displacement.
Neurosci. Lett.
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Theta rhythms in the hippocampus are believed to be the "metric" relating to various behavior patterns for free roaming rats. In this study, the theta rhythms were studied while rats either walked or were passively translated by a toy car on a linear track (referred to as WALK and TRANS respectively). For the similar running speeds in WALK and TRANS conditions, theta frequency and amplitude were both reduced during TRANS. Theta modulation of pyramidal cells during TRANS was reduced compared to that during WALK. Theta frequency was positively correlated with translation speed during TRANS. Theta rhythm remained apparent during TRANS and WALK after large dose of atropine sulfate (blocking the cholinergic pathway) was injected compared to still states. The present study demonstrated the patterns of theta rhythm induced by passive translation in rats and suggested that the Type I theta rhythm could occur during non-voluntary locomotion. We further argued that the perception of actual self-motion may be the underlying mechanism that initiates and modulates type I theta.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.