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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Mangiferin induces apoptosis by suppressing Bcl-xL and XIAP expressions and nuclear entry of NF-?B in HL-60 cells.
Arch. Pharm. Res.
PUBLISHED: 05-06-2011
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Mangiferin, 1,3,6,7-tetrahydroxyxanthone-C2-?-D: -glucoside (C-glucosylxanthone), is a xanthone derivative that is widely distributed in higher plants. Recently, mangiferin was found to exhibit potential antitumor effects. However, the molecular mechanisms of this effect have not been elucidated. In the present study, we attempt to clarify the mechanism of mangiferin-induced apoptosis in the human acute myeloid leukemia cell line HL-60; mangiferin was found to induce apoptosis. We also observed a concurrent increase in caspase-3 activity and DNA fragmentation. Furthermore, on examining the survival signals expressed during apoptotic induction, we observed that mangiferin caused a remarkable decrease in the nuclear entry of NF-?B p65. However, there were no changes in the expression of other survival signals, such as extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, protein kinase B, and p38 mitogenactivated protein kinase. In addition, mangiferin suppressed the expressions of Bcl-xL and XIAP; however, we did not note any changes in the levels of Bcl-2, Bax, and Bim. These results indicate that mangiferin induces apoptosis by suppressing NF-?B activation and expressions of Bcl-xL and XAIP. These findings suggest that mangiferin may be useful as an anticancer agent and can be used in combination therapy with other anticancer drugs for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia.
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Antibacterial activity of 5-dialkylaminomethylhydantoins and related compounds.
Chem. Pharm. Bull.
PUBLISHED: 08-06-2010
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To find new antibacterial leads in the class of hydantoin derivatives, we carried out synthetic investigation and biological evaluation of the title hydantoin derivatives and related compounds. Among the hydantoin derivatives described in this article, compound 3o, in which a 2,6-dichlorophenyl ring was introduced at the N-3 position of the hydantoin nucleus, showed the highest levels of antibacterial activity against both Escherichia coli NBRC14237 (NIHJ) and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC6538P (gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, respectively) strains.
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Reduction of lung metastasis, cell invasion, and adhesion in mouse melanoma by statin-induced blockade of the Rho/Rho-associated coiled-coil-containing protein kinase pathway.
J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 07-30-2010
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Melanomas are highly malignant and have high metastatic potential; hence, there is a need for new therapeutic strategies to prevent cell metastasis. In the present study, we investigated whether statins inhibit tumor cell migration, invasion, adhesion, and metastasis in the B16BL6 mouse melanoma cell line.
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Preparation and chemical properties of 5-dialkylaminomethylhydantoins and 2-thio-analogues.
Chem. Pharm. Bull.
PUBLISHED: 12-03-2009
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An efficient procedure for the preparation of 5-dialkylaminomethylhydantoins 3, which are easily obtained from cyclization of the corresponding urea derivatives 2 starting with beta-aminoalanines 1, is described. Methylenehydantoin and the corresponding 2-thio analogue (4a, 4b) were obtained from hydantoins 3a and 3b, respectively. Some new chemical properties of these hydantoin derivatives are reported.
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Dimethylfumarate inhibits tumor cell invasion and metastasis by suppressing the expression and activities of matrix metalloproteinases in melanoma cells.
Cell Biol. Int.
PUBLISHED: 03-25-2009
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NF-kappaB acts as a signal transducer during tumor progression, cell invasion, and metastasis. Dimethylfumarate (DMF) is reported to inhibit tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced nuclear entry of NF-kappaB/p65. However, only a few reports suggest that DMF inhibits tumor metastasis; also the molecular mechanisms underlying the inhibition of metastasis are poorly understood. We investigated the inhibition of tumor invasion and metastasis by DMF in a melanoma cell line, B16BL6. DMF inhibited B16BL6 cell invasion and metastasis by suppressing the expression and activities of MMPs. DMF also inhibited the nuclear entry of NF-kappaB/p65, thus inhibiting B16BL6 cell invasion and metastasis. These results suggest that DMF is potentially useful as an anti-metastatic agent for the treatment of malignant melanoma.
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Enhanced auditory brainstem response and parental bonding style in children with gastrointestinal symptoms.
PLoS ONE
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The electrophysiological properties of the brain and influence of parental bonding in childhood irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are unclear. We hypothesized that children with chronic gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms like IBS may show exaggerated brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) responses and receive more inadequate parental bonding.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.