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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Identification of minuscule inward currents as precursors to membrane electroporation-induced currents: real-time prediction of pore appearance.
Cell. Physiol. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 07-15-2013
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The objective of this study is to examine the current signals in response to large hyperpolarizations with the aid of principal component analysis (PCA) to search for or even predict current fluctuations related to membrane electroporation-induced current (I(MEP)).
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Early inactivation of PKC? associates with late mitochondrial translocation of Bad and apoptosis in ventricle of septic rat.
J. Surg. Res.
PUBLISHED: 06-07-2013
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Sepsis is usually accompanied by cardiomyocyte apoptosis and myocardial depression. Protein kinase C (PKC) has been reported to be important in regulating cardiac function and apoptosis; however, which PKC isoform is involved in sepsis-induced myocardial apoptosis remains unknown.
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The inhibition of inwardly rectifying K+ channels by memantine in macrophages and microglial cells.
Cell. Physiol. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 05-14-2013
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Memantine (MEM) can block N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors non-competitively and is recognized to exert anti-inflammatory action. Whether MEM and other related compounds produce any effects on K(+) currents in macrophages and in microglial cells is largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the effects of MEM and other related compounds on inwardly rectifying K(+) current (IK(IR)) in RAW 264.7 macrophages and in BV2 microglial cells.
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Indomethacin inhibits cancer cell migration via attenuation of cellular calcium mobilization.
Molecules
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2013
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Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were shown to reduce the risk of colorectal cancer recurrence and are widely used to modulate inflammatory responses. Indomethacin is an NSAID. Herein, we reported that indomethacin can suppress cancer cell migration through its influence on the focal complexes formation. Furthermore, endothelial growth factor (EGF)-mediated Ca2+ influx was attenuated by indomethacin in a dose dependent manner. Our results identified a new mechanism of action for indomethacin: inhibition of calcium influx that is a key determinant of cancer cell migration.
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Functional regulation of Alu element of human angiotensin-converting enzyme gene in neuron cells.
Neurobiol. Aging
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2013
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The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) insertion/deletion (I/D) genotype and its protein activity have been widely implicated to be associated with Alzheimers disease (AD). However, whether the insertion sequence, Alu element, in intron 16 of the human ACE gene plays a functional role remains uncertain. To investigate the influence of the I/D polymorphism on ACE promoter, we recombined the I and D form fragments with the human ACE promoter sequence before the reporter gene in pSEAP-Basic2 vector. The effect of the Alu element on regulating the transcriptional activity of ACE promoter was examined using transient transfection in SH-SY5Y cells. We found that the I form fragment upregulated the transcriptional activity of ACE promoter by approximately 70% but that the D form fragment did not. Our study first reveals that Alu sequence in human ACE gene possesses a regulatory function on the ACE promoter activity in neuron. This novel finding bridges the gap between the association of ACE I/D genotype with AD, and suggests that Alu sequence is not merely a "junk" DNA in human ACE gene.
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An Intermediate in the evolution of superfast sonic muscles.
Front. Zool.
PUBLISHED: 10-04-2011
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Intermediate forms in the evolution of new adaptations such as transitions from water to land and the evolution of flight are often poorly understood. Similarly, the evolution of superfast sonic muscles in fishes, often considered the fastest muscles in vertebrates, has been a mystery because slow bladder movement does not generate sound. Slow muscles that stretch the swimbladder and then produce sound during recoil have recently been discovered in ophidiiform fishes. Here we describe the disturbance call (produced when fish are held) and sonic mechanism in an unrelated perciform pearl perch (Glaucosomatidae) that represents an intermediate condition in the evolution of super-fast sonic muscles.
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Association of ORAI1 haplotypes with the risk of HLA-B27 positive ankylosing spondylitis.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2011
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Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammation of the sacroiliac joints, spine and peripheral joints. The aetiology of ankylosing spondylitis is still unclear. Previous studies have indicated that genetics factors such as human leukocyte antigen HLA-B27 associates to AS susceptibility. We carried out a case-control study to determine whether the genetic polymorphisms of ORAI1 gene, a major component of store-operated calcium channels that involved the regulation of immune system, is a susceptibility factor to AS in a Taiwanese population. We enrolled 361 AS patients fulfilled the modified New York criteria and 379 controls from community. Five tagging single nucleotides polymorphisms (tSNPs) at ORAI1 were selected from the data of Han Chinese population in HapMap project. Clinical statuses of AS were assessed by the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI), and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Global Index (BAS-G). Our results indicated that subjects carrying the minor allele homozygote (CC) of the promoter SNP rs12313273 or TT homozygote of the SNP rs7135617 had an increased risk of HLA-B27 positive AS. The minor allele C of 3UTR SNP rs712853 exerted a protective effect to HLA-B27 positive AS. Furthermore, the rs12313273/rs7135617 pairwise allele analysis found that C-G (OR 1.69, 95% CI 1.27, 2.25; p?=?0.0003) and T-T (OR 1.75, 95% CI 1.36, 2.27; p<0.0001) haplotypes had a significantly association with the risk of HLA-B27-positive AS in comparison with the T-G carriers. This is the first study that indicate haplotypes of ORAI1 (rs12313273 and rs7135617) are associated with the risk of HLA-B27 positive AS.
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Differences in left ventricular cardiomyocyte loss induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia between spontaneously hypertensive and Wistar-Kyoto rats.
Sleep Breath
PUBLISHED: 09-07-2010
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Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) is thought to induce several cardiovascular effects in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). However, the effects of CIH on patients with long-standing hypertension are unknown.
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Sex-specific role of thioredoxin in neuroprotection against iron-induced brain injury conferred by estradiol.
Stroke
PUBLISHED: 11-25-2009
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Accumulation of iron after intracerebral hemorrhage causes free radical formation and oxidative damage resulting in liquefaction. The aim of this study was the investigation of molecular mechanisms underlying estrogen-mediated neuroprotective effect against iron-induced brain injury in vivo.
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Inhibition of autophagy as a therapeutic strategy of iron-induced brain injury after hemorrhage.
Autophagy
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Premenopausal women have better survival than men after intracerebral hemorrhage, which is associated with iron overproduction and autophagy induction. To examine the participation of neuronal autophagy and estrogen receptor ? (ER?) in the E 2-mediated protection, PC12 neurons treated with Atg7 (autophagy-related protein 7) siRNA, rapamycin (an autophagy inducer), or Er? siRNA were applied. To study whether autophagy involves in ?-estradiol 3-benzoate (E 2)-mediated neuroprotection against iron-induced striatal injury, castration and E 2 capsule implantation were performed at 2 weeks and 24 h, respectively, before ferrous citrate (FC) infusion into the caudate nucleus (CN) of Sprague Dawley male and female rats. Furthermore, the role of neuronal autophagy in the sex difference of FC-induced CN injury was confirmed by using conditional knockout Atg7 in dopamine receptor 2 (DRD2)-containing neurons in mice. The results showed that the suppression of FC-induced autophagy by E 2 was abolished by Er? siRNA preincubation. Atg7 silencing simulates and rapamycin diminishes E 2-mediated neuroprotection against FC-induced neurotoxicity. In vivo, FC induced a lower degree of autophagy, autophagic cell death, injury severity, histological lesion and behavioral deficit in female rats than in males. E 2 implantation decreased the levels of both FC-induced autophagy and injury in ovariectomized rats. Moreover, the sex difference of FC-induced CN injury was diminished in Atg7 knockout mice. Thus, suppression of autophagy by E 2 via ER? contributes to less severity of iron-induced brain injury in females than in male. This finding opens up the prospect for a therapeutic strategy targeting autophagic inhibition for patients suffering from intracerebral iron overload.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.