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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Validation of the Developmental, Dimensional and Diagnostic Interview (3Di) Among Chinese Children in a Child Psychiatry Clinic in Hong Kong.
J Autism Dev Disord
PUBLISHED: 10-20-2014
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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a disorder with high levels of co-morbidities. The Developmental, Dimensional and Diagnostic Interview (3Di) is a relatively new instrument designed to provide dimensional as well as categorical assessment of autistic behaviours among children with normal intelligence. Its sound psychometric properties and relatively short administration time make it a versatile instrument. The 3Di was translated into Chinese (Cantonese) and its applicability among 194 clinic children was examined. Results found excellent reliability and validity, and achieved a sensitivity of 95 % and specificity of 77 %. It was able to capture the diagnosis of ASD among children presenting with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. However, although the disorder of ASD is considered universal, the use of a western instrument in a Chinese context should also take note of cultural influences that may impact on the manifestation of its symptoms.
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Electroconvulsive Therapy and Its Association With Demographic and Clinical Characteristics in Chinese Psychiatric Patients.
J ECT
PUBLISHED: 09-10-2014
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Little is known about the frequency of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) use in China. This study examined the frequency of ECT and its relationship with demographic and clinical characteristics in a large psychiatric institution in China.
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Clinical utility of the Chinese Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHD-Symptoms and Normal-Behaviors questionnaire (SWAN) when compared with DISC-IV.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat
PUBLISHED: 08-21-2014
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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common and impairing child and adolescent psychiatric disorder. Early identification and prompt treatment are essential. Rating scales are commonly used by clinicians and researchers to assess ADHD children.
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Use of electroconvulsive therapy in older Chinese psychiatric patients.
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 06-23-2014
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Little is known about the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in older Chinese psychiatric patients. This study examined the frequency of ECT and the demographic and clinical correlates in older psychiatric patients hospitalized in a large psychiatric institution in Beijing, China.
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Antipsychotic polypharmacy in schizophrenia patients in China and its association with treatment satisfaction and quality of life: Findings of the third national survey on use of psychotropic medications in China.
Aust N Z J Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 06-14-2014
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This study examined the use, demographic and clinical correlates of antipsychotic polypharmacy (APP) and its associations with treatment satisfaction and quality of life (QOL) in schizophrenia patients in China.
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Demographic and clinical differences between early- and late-onset major depressions in thirteen psychiatric institutions in China.
J Affect Disord
PUBLISHED: 05-09-2014
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Little is known about the demographic and clinical differences between early- and late-onset depressions (EOD and LOD, respectively) in Chinese patients. This study examined the demographic and clinical profile of EOD (<=25 years) compared to LOD (>25 years) in China.
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Prevalence of nurses' smoking habits in psychiatric and general hospitals in China.
Arch Psychiatr Nurs
PUBLISHED: 03-29-2014
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This study determined the prevalence of lifetime and current smoking and the correlates of current smoking in nurses working in psychiatric and general hospitals in China. Of 807 distributed questionnaires, 799 nurses who were working in two psychiatric hospitals (n=387, 48.4%), and one general hospital (n=412, 51.6%) had analyzable data. Socio-demographic, alcohol use and smoking data were collected with a self-reported questionnaire. Work-related stress was evaluated with the Nurse Stress Inventory. In the whole sample, the lifetime smoking prevalence was 7.6% (females=2.1% vs. males=48.9%, p<0.0001; psychiatric nurses=14.5% vs. non-psychiatric nurses=1.2%, p<0.0001). The prevalence of current smoking was 7.1% (females=2.1% vs. males=44.7%, p<0.0001; psychiatric nurses=13.4% vs. non-psychiatric nurses=1.2%, p<0.0001). In a multiple logistic regression analysis, age 30 years or older, male gender, having children, being a psychiatric nurse and alcohol consumption were positively associated with smoking, while being a nursing officer was negatively associated with smoking (r(2) = 0.513, p<0.0001). Considering the harmful effects of smoking as well as second-hand smoking in the presence of children, effective measures to promote smoking cessation for male, older and psychiatric nurses and those with children are warranted.
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Frequency of involuntary admissions and its associations with demographic and clinical characteristics in China.
Arch Psychiatr Nurs
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2014
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Involuntary admissions (IA) continue to be a controversial topic in psychiatry. There have been very few studies investigating the pattern of IA and contributing factors in Chinese psychiatric patients. This study examined the prevalence of IA and its relationships with demographic and clinical characteristics in a large psychiatric institution in Hunan province, China. A consecutively collected sample of 161 psychiatric inpatients was collected. The patients' basic socio-demographic and clinical data including admission types were collected. The frequency of IA was 53.1% in the whole sample. In multiple logistic regression analysis, IA was independently associated with female sex, more recent aggression prior to admission and poorer social function and insight into illness. IA was common in clinical practice in China, and its demographic and clinical correlates are similar to the findings reported from western settings.
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Quality of life and psychosocial issues are important outcome measures in eczema treatment.
J Dermatolog Treat
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2014
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Abstract Background: Atopic eczema (AE) is a common relapsing inflammatory skin disease in children associated with chronicity and poor quality of life. Many children also display depressive, anxiety and stress symptoms. Aim: To investigate the prevalence of depressive, anxiety and stress symptoms, and if these symptoms are associated with disease severity, quality of life and skin biophysiology in childhood AE. Methods: Psychological symptoms, eczema severity, quality of life and biophysical skin condition of consecutive adolescents at the pediatric dermatology clinic of a teaching hospital were evaluated with the validated Chinese versions of Depressive, Anxiety, Stress Scales (DASS-42), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-13), Nottingham Eczema Severity Score (NESS), Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI), transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and stratum corneum skin hydration (SH), respectively. Results: AE patients (n?=?120) had lower SH, higher TEWL, worse CDLQI and reported higher overall, depressive and stress symptom scores, personal history of atopy, current topical corticosteroid usage and food avoidance than non-AE patients (n?=?26). Depressive, anxiety and stress symptoms were reported in 21%, 33% and 23% of AE patients, respectively. Multivariate analyses showed that these symptoms were significantly correlated with a poor quality of life (partial correlations of 0.40-0.49; p?
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The effect of artemether on psychotic symptoms and cognitive impairment in first-episode, antipsychotic drug-naive persons with schizophrenia seropositive to Toxoplasma gondii.
J Psychiatr Res
PUBLISHED: 02-14-2014
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The objective was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of add-on artemether in first-episode, untreated people with schizophrenia, who were Toxoplasma gondii seropositive, and explore the change in T. gondii antibodies during treatment. In this eight-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, 100 T. gondii seropositive participants with schizophrenia were randomized to either the artemether or placebo group. Participants in the artemether group received 80 mg artemether once per day during the second week (days 8-14) and the fourth week (days 22-28). Participants in the placebo group received identical looking placebo capsules. Psychopathology, adverse side effects and cognitive function were measured using standardized instruments. The group × time interaction effects for the scores of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) subscales and performances on all cognitive components were not significant, only the main effect of group was significant. Compared to the placebo group, artemether group participants showed significantly greater reduction in the PANSS negative symptom scale (F(1,46) = 4.7, p = 0.03) and the Clinical Global Impressions Scale (F(1,96) = 6.2, p = 0.01) scores, but there were no significant differences in the PANSS positive symptom and general psychopathology scales (p > 0.05). There were also no significant differences between the two groups in performance on any of the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS) cognitive domains. The artemether-risperidone combination is safe and well tolerated, but artemether as an adjunct to risperidone does not appear to alleviate cognitive deficits of schizophrenia. Trial Registration Chinese Clinical Trial Register (ChiCTR) TRC-13003145.
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Frequency of Physical Restraint and Its Associations With Demographic and Clinical Characteristics in a Chinese Psychiatric Institution.
Perspect Psychiatr Care
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2013
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Physical restraint (PR) is a highly controversal topic in psychiatry. Little is known about PR among psychiatric inpatients in China. This study examined the frequency of PR and its relationships with demographic and clinical characteristics among a large psychiatric institution in the Hunan Province, China.
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A comparison of cognitive-behavioral therapy, antidepressants, their combination and standard treatment for Chinese patients with moderate-severe major depressive disorders.
J Affect Disord
PUBLISHED: 07-31-2013
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No study has examined the effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) on moderate-severe major depressive disorders (MDD) in China. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of CBT, antidepressants alone (MED), combined CBT and antidepressants (COMB) and standard treatment (ST; i.e., receiving psycho-educational intervention and/or medication treatment determined by treating psychiatrists) on depressive symptoms and social functioning in Chinese patients with moderate-severe MDD.
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Frequency of Hyperprolactinemia and Its Associations With Demographic and Clinical Characteristics and Antipsychotic Medications in Psychiatric Inpatients in China.
Perspect Psychiatr Care
PUBLISHED: 07-16-2013
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No study has investigated hyperprolactinemia and its risk factors in Chinese psychiatric patients. This study examined the prevalence of hyperprolactinemia and its relationship with demographic and clinical characteristics in inpatients in a large psychiatric institution in Beijing, China.
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Guidance on the conversion of the Chinese versions of the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Self-Report (C-QIDS-SR) and the Montgomery-Asberg Scale (C-MADRS) in Chinese patients with major depression.
J Affect Disord
PUBLISHED: 05-07-2013
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The 16-item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Self-Report (QIDS-SR) is a newly introduced screening tool, while the Montgomery-Asberg Scale (MADRS) is commonly used in research and clinical practice in China. Converting the total scores between the two instruments could facilitate the comparison of different studies.
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Frequency and risk factors of workplace violence on psychiatric nurses and its impact on their quality of life in China.
Psychiatry Res
PUBLISHED: 04-16-2013
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This study examined the frequency of violence on nurses in Chinese psychiatric hospitals and explored its risk factors and impact on nurses quality of life (QOL). A survey was conducted with 387 frontline psychiatric nurses in China. Information about experience of workplace violence in the past 6 months, type of workplace violence, and demographic characteristics was collected by a questionnaire. Altogether 319 (82.4%) of 387 nurses reported having experienced at least one type of violent event in the past 6 months. The prevalence of sexual assault, physical and verbal harassment was 18.6%, 61.5% and 78.6%, respectively. Compared to those with no exposure to violence, nurses who were exposed to violence had lower QOL in both the physical and mental domains. Significant predictors of violence against nurses are male sex, receiving college level or higher education and working on rotating duty were independently associated with high risk of violence. Workplace violence against psychiatric nurses commonly occurs in China. Considering the deleterious effects of violence, comprehensive strategies from the perspective of nursing education and training, organizational policy, patient care and staff support are recommended to promote occupational safety in psychiatric settings in China.
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Executive function in children and adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder 4 and 12 months after the Sichuan earthquake in China.
J Child Psychol Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 04-16-2013
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While several studies have found executive function deficits in adults and maltreated children with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), there are few data on executive function in children and adolescents with PTSD related to natural disasters. The objective of this study was to test executive function changes over time in children and adolescents with PTSD after a magnitude 8.0 earthquake in Sichuan, China.
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Gender differences in demographic and clinical features and prescribing patterns of psychotropic medications in patients with major depressive disorder in China.
Compr Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2013
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Little is known about gender differences associated with major depressive disorder (MDD) in China. This study examined gender differences associated with other demographic and clinical characteristics and psychotropic drug treatment in Chinese patients with MDD.
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Sociodemographic and clinical features of bipolar disorder patients misdiagnosed with major depressive disorder in China.
Bipolar Disord
PUBLISHED: 02-27-2013
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Bipolar disorder (BD) is frequently misdiagnosed as major depressive disorder (MDD), which may lead to inappropriate treatment and poor outcomes. This study aimed to compare demographic and clinical features between patients with MDD and those with BD, but being misdiagnosed as MDD, in China.
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Common use of high doses of antipsychotic medications in older Asian patients with schizophrenia (2001-2009).
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 01-27-2013
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This study aimed to examine the use of high doses of antipsychotic medications (?600?mg/day chlorpromazine equivalent) in older Asian patients with schizophrenia and its demographic and clinical correlates.
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Use of clozapine in older Asian patients with schizophrenia between 2001 and 2009.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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To date there has been no large-scale international study that examined the use of clozapine in older patients with schizophrenia. This study examined the use of clozapine and its demographic and clinical correlates in older patients with schizophrenia in East Asia during the period between 2001 and 2009.
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Validation of the Chinese strengths and weaknesses of ADHD-symptoms and normal-behaviors questionnaire in Hong Kong.
J Atten Disord
PUBLISHED: 12-29-2011
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Unlike rating scales that focus on the severity of ADHD symptoms, the Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHD-symptoms and normal-behaviors (SWAN) rating scale is phrased in neutral or positive terms for carers to compare the index childs behaviors with that of their peers. This study explores its psychometric properties when applied to Chinese children in Hong Kong.
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Longitudinal course and outcome of chronic insomnia in Hong Kong Chinese children: a 5-year follow-up study of a community-based cohort.
Sleep
PUBLISHED: 10-04-2011
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There are limited data on the long-term outcome of childhood insomnia. We explored the longitudinal course, predictors, and impact of childhood insomnia in a community-based cohort.
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Cigarette smoking in community-dwelling patients with schizophrenia in China.
J Psychiatr Res
PUBLISHED: 05-11-2011
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This study examined the prevalence of cigarette smoking and its socio-demographic and clinical characteristics in Chinese schizophrenia patients. A sample of 540 community-dwelling patients (female/male: 50.4% vs. 49.6%) with schizophrenia was interviewed using standardized assessment instruments. The patients basic socio-demographic and clinical data including smoking were collected. The prevalence of cigarette smoking was 28.5% in the whole sample, and 53.6% and 4.0% for men and women, respectively. In univariate analyses, male sex, use of first generation antipsychotics (FGAs) and alcohol consumption were significantly associated with smoking. In multiple logistic regression analysis, male sex, alcohol consumption, older age and lower level of education were independently associated with smoking. The prevalence of smoking in Chinese schizophrenia patients is considerably lower than most figures reported from Western settings. The dramatic differences between males and females underscore the influence of cultural norms on smoking.
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Association of insight with sociodemographic and clinical factors, quality of life, and cognition in Chinese patients with schizophrenia.
Compr Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 04-05-2011
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The aims of this study were to assess insight in Chinese patients with schizophrenia and to identify its relationship with sociodemographic and clinical factors, cognition, and quality of life (QOL).
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Frequent nightmares in children: familial aggregation and associations with parent-reported behavioral and mood problems.
Sleep
PUBLISHED: 04-05-2011
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To conduct a systematic investigation on the prevalence, correlates, and familial aggregation of frequent nightmares in children, and to scrutinize the associations between frequent nightmares and parent-reported behavioral and mood problems in children.
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Smoking and psychiatric disorders in the rural and urban regions of Beijing, China: a community-based survey.
Drug Alcohol Depend
PUBLISHED: 11-13-2009
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In China, there is limited information on smoking and its socio-demographic correlates in general, and in psychiatric patients in particular. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of lifetime, current mild, and heavy smoking, the socio-demographic correlates of current smoking, and its relationship with psychiatric disorders in the Beijing municipality, China.
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Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of major depressive episode in rural and urban areas of Beijing, China.
J Affect Disord
PUBLISHED: 08-12-2009
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This study aimed to determine the 12-month and lifetime prevalence of major depressive episode (MDE) and their socio-demographic correlates in both the urban and rural areas of Beijing, China.
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Quality of life in parents of children with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder in Hong Kong.
Aust N Z J Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 07-25-2009
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There is no study on the quality of life (QOL) of parents of children with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), although QOL is increasingly gaining more attention and the interactions between children and their parents are bi-directional. The aim of the present study was therefore to survey the QOL of parents of children with ADHD in Hong Kong, and explore the relationships of sociodemographic and clinical variables with QOL.
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Falls in a psychiatric institution in Beijing, China.
Perspect Psychiatr Care
PUBLISHED: 07-02-2009
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This study aimed to determine the rate of falls and their relationship with sociodemographic and clinical factors in a psychiatric institution in Beijing, China.
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Validation of the Chinese version of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire in Hong Kong.
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 06-07-2009
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The strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) is now one of the most commonly used instruments for screening child psychiatric morbidities. Psychometric studies in the West affirm its reliability and validity, but similar studies are scarce among non-Western populations. This is an important gap because cultural differences can influence how childrens behaviours are perceived and rated. This study explores the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the SDQ among children in Hong Kong.
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Generalized anxiety disorder in China: prevalence, sociodemographic correlates, comorbidity, and suicide attempts.
Perspect Psychiatr Care
PUBLISHED: 04-16-2009
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This study aims to determine the 12-month and lifetime prevalence of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and its sociodemographic correlates.
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Alcohol-related disorders in Beijing, China: prevalence, socio-demographic correlates, and unmet need for treatment.
Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.
PUBLISHED: 03-23-2009
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The study aimed to determine the prevalence of alcohol use, episodic heavy drinking, and alcohol dependence and their socio-demographic correlates in Beijing, China. methods: A total of 5,926 subjects were randomly selected in Beijing and interviewed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI 1.0). Data on basic socio-demographic and current major medical conditions were also collected.
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Prevalence and correlates of insomnia and its impact on quality of life in Chinese schizophrenia patients.
Sleep
PUBLISHED: 02-05-2009
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This study aimed to determine the prevalence and the sociodemographic and clinical correlates of insomnia in Chinese schizophrenia outpatients and its impact on patients quality of life (QOL).
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Relationships of sleep duration with sleep disturbances, basic socio-demographic factors, and BMI in Chinese people.
Sleep Med.
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2009
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This study aimed at determining the mean total sleep time (TST) and the relationship between sleep duration and basic socio-demographic factors and BMI sleep problems in Chinese subjects.
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Adjunctive antidepressant prescriptions for hospitalized patients with schizophrenia in Asia (2001-2009).
Asia Pac Psychiatry
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Little is known about the prescription patterns of adjunctive antidepressants in Asian schizophrenia patients. This study aimed to examine trends in the use of antidepressants and their demographic and clinical correlates in the treatment of schizophrenia in Asia between 2001 and 2009.
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Prospective memory deficits in euthymic bipolar disorder patients: a preliminary study.
Asia Pac Psychiatry
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Prospective memory refers to the ability to remember to do something in the future. To date, little is known about prospective memory deficits in bipolar disorder (BD) in remission (euthymia). This study examined the nature and correlates of prospective memory in these patients.
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Prescribing patterns of antidepressants, antipsychotics and mood stabilizers in bipolar patients misdiagnosed with major depressive disorder in China.
Hum Psychopharmacol
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Bipolar disorder (BD) is frequently misdiagnosed as major depressive disorder (MDD), which may lead to inappropriate treatment and poor outcomes. This study aimed to examine prescribing patterns of antidepressants, antipsychotics and mood stabilizers in BD patients misdiagnosed with MDD in China.
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Psychometric properties of the Chinese versions of the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology - Clinician Rating (C-QIDS-C) and Self-Report (C-QIDS-SR).
J Affect Disord
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Developing accurate and time-efficient tools to measure depressive symptoms is important for research and clinical practice. This study aimed to test the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the 16-item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology - Clinician Rating (C-QIDS-C) and Self-Report (C-QIDS-SR).
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Demographic and clinical features and prescribing patterns of psychotropic medications in patients with the melancholic subtype of major depressive disorder in China.
PLoS ONE
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Little has been known about the demographic and clinical features of the melancholic subtype of major depressive disorder (MDD) in Chinese patients. This study examined the frequency of melancholia in Chinese MDD patients and explored its demographic and clinical correlates and prescribing patterns of psychotropic drugs.
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Screening for bipolar disorder with the Mood Disorders Questionnaire in patients diagnosed as major depressive disorder - the experience in China.
J Affect Disord
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Bipolar disorder (BD) is often misdiagnosed as a major depressive disorder (MDD). This study aimed to test the usefulness of the screening tool, the Mood Disorders Questionnaire (MDQ), to identify BD patients misdiagnosed as MDD in Chinese clinical settings.
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Undiagnosed bipolar disorder in patients treated for major depression in China.
J Affect Disord
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Bipolar disorder (BD) is a recurrent, complex illness and often misdiagnosed and treated as a major depressive disorder (MDD). This study set out (1) to investigate the proportion of BD in patients treated for MDD using DSM-IV diagnostic criteria; (2) to test the usefulness of the screening tool - the 32-item Hypomania Checklist (HCL-32) in Chinese patients; and (3) to assess whether MDD patients with subthreshold manic features (patients who screened positive for BD on the HCL-32, but did not meet the diagnostic criteria for DSM-IV BD as measured by Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)) differ from those with BD, and from those suffering from MDD without manic features in terms of basic demographic and clinical variables.
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Predictive Value of Prospective Memory for Remission in First-Episode Schizophrenia.
Perspect Psychiatr Care
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The study examined the rate of remission in individuals experiencing a first episode of schizophrenia (FES) in China and explored predictors of remission in the acute phase of the illness.
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Nurses Work-Related Stress in China: A Comparison Between Psychiatric and General Hospitals.
Perspect Psychiatr Care
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Little is known about the level of work-related stress in nurses in China. This study compared the level of work-related stress between female nurses working in psychiatric and general hospitals in China.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.