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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Development and usefulness of a new questionnaire for assessing geriatric syndrome.
Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi
PUBLISHED: 05-27-2014
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To assess the validity and reliability of a pre-visit questionnaire newly developed to identify geriatric conditions in older adults in an outpatient clinical setting.
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[Alcohol-related dementia].
Nippon Rinsho
PUBLISHED: 05-07-2014
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Excessive alcohol use is associated with health problems for the elderly in combination with their chronic conditions. One such complication, alcohol-related dementia (ARD) is brought about by direct or indirect ethanol intoxication, and coexisting nutritional deficiency, liver disease, cerebrovascular disease and traumatic brain injury. The elderly people with ARD have been underestimated and underdiagnosed. In these older alcoholics, atrophic changes, lacunar infarcts and deep white matter lesions of the brain are evident and are associated not only with their cognitive decline, but also with their frailty, leading to high morbidity and mortality ratio. Although lifelong abstinence can recover patients with ARD to temporally lull, aging, the severity of alcohol dependence, and the concomitant nutritional, physical and environmental factors can all impact negatively their outcome. Therefore, a comprehensive approach to lifestyle factors is recommended so that they can minimize preventable risks and maintain health status. Nursing home placement may be an appropriate treatment option for some refractory, long-term patients with ARD.
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Efficacy of combined use of three non-invasive atherosclerosis tests to predict vascular events in the elderly; carotid intima-media thickness, flow-mediated dilation of brachial artery and pulse wave velocity.
Atherosclerosis
PUBLISHED: 09-25-2013
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Intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery, flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery, and pulse wave velocity of the central artery (PWV) have been widely used to evaluate progression of atherosclerosis. Our previous work has revealed that IMT, FMD and PWV are related to each other, and the combination of these measurements was useful in identifying patients with atherosclerotic disease. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether combination of these measurements would predict future cardiovascular events better than each test alone.
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[Frailty and geriatric syndrome].
Nippon Rinsho
PUBLISHED: 07-17-2013
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Frailty comes from decline of functions in multi-organs, not a single organ dysfunction (disease). This accounts for comorbidity in the elderly, both in the acute and chronic ill conditions. In the Kyorin University Hospital, which have a role of emergency hospitals in the western area of Tokyo, more than seventy percent of the patients admitted to the geriatric ward are emergent cases. They have multi-diseases; the most frequent one is pneumonia(from aspiration). Often, their ADL is poor and have cognitive disorders, which is why they stay in the ward long. Geriatric syndrome indicates signs and symptoms frequently observed in the elderly. Because geriatric syndromes stem from multi-system dysfunction, they cannot be treated well enough. However, if geriatric syndromes are left untreated, the ADL declines in a steady state. Usually, geriatric syndromes cannot be treated by medication, but well-planned care can prevent progression. From this sense, not a medicine but multidisciplinary approach, such as cooperation with nurse, dietitian, PT, OT, pharmacist, social worker, care programmer and others, is the key to preventing elderly people from failing to the disabled state.
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[Fall risk and fracture. Aging and fall/fracture].
Clin Calcium
PUBLISHED: 05-01-2013
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Fall deteriorates QOL and ADL of elderly people, especially when they suffer from hip and vertebral fractures. It is not easy to identify the cause of falling, because falling usually result from multiple factors. Among various potential causes, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, medication of hypnotic drugs, and environmental factors are important, because they are frequent and can be modifiable. When evaluating fall risks, grasping power, one-leg standing time, timed up&go test, are useful. On the other hand, fall risk index, 22-item self-assessment test, is easy and even better in predicting future falls. In the Cochrane systematic review article 2009, exercise such as Tai-Chi, withdrawal of hypnotic drugs, and vitamin D supplementation are shown to prevent falls in community-dwelling elderly.
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Association of decreased sympathetic nervous activity with mortality of older adults in long-term care.
Geriatr Gerontol Int
PUBLISHED: 03-10-2013
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To investigate the relationship between physical function, mortality and autonomic nervous activity measured by heart rate variability of elderly in long-term care.
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Priorities of health care outcomes for the elderly.
J Am Med Dir Assoc
PUBLISHED: 01-12-2013
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Physicians are uncertain about what medical services should be provided to older and/or disabled patients. Better understanding of health outcome prioritization among health care providers and recipients may help the process of decision- and policy-making. For this purpose, surveys were conducted on priorities of health care outcomes for the elderly.
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Relationship between interleukin-6 and cerebral deep white matter and periventricular hyperintensity in elderly women.
Geriatr Gerontol Int
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2011
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We evaluated the relationships between serum levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and interleukin (IL)-6 with the severity of leukoaraiosis.
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Plasma sex hormone levels and mortality in disabled older men and women.
Geriatr Gerontol Int
PUBLISHED: 12-10-2010
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To investigate the relationship between circulating sex hormone levels and subsequent mortality in disabled elderly.
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[Fall prevention in the elderly].
Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi
PUBLISHED: 05-18-2010
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Causes of falling are multi-factorial. Although it is not easy to identify specific causes of falling, it is necessary to detect the significant causes of falling in each individual. In particular, use of medications and indoor hazards are important factors. We need to give instructions to families who live together with older persons how to avoid dangers of falling. Exercise has been proven to provide beneficial effects to prevent falling, however it is necessary to consider exactly what and how much exercise one should prescribe to elderly individual who are at high risk of falling. In other words, it is important to give best approach to prevent falling after considering the status of the elderly.
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Effects of dehydroepiandrosterone supplementation on cognitive function and activities of daily living in older women with mild to moderate cognitive impairment.
Geriatr Gerontol Int
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2010
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There is little evidence that dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) has beneficial effects on physical and psychological functions in older women. We investigated the effect of DHEA supplementation on cognitive function and ADL in older women with cognitive impairment.
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[Frontotemporal dementia with motor neuron disease diagnosed after the development of type II respiratory failure].
Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi
PUBLISHED: 10-28-2009
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A 79-year-old woman attended the Center for Comprehensive Care of Memory Disorders at the Kyorin University Hospital in 2006 due to forgetfulness. Her initial diagnosis was vascular dementia. In 2007, her cognition declined gradually. Then, impaired verbal fluency and stuttering, the symptoms of non-fluent aphasia, were presented. Thereafter, 5 mg/day donepezil hydrochloride was prescribed. She later suffered type II respiratory failure. Needle electromyography revealed denervation of lower motor neurons. This led to the diagnosis of frontotemporal dementia with motor neuron disease. Interestingly, before developing type II respiratory failure, cognitive decline and non-fluent aphasia occurred in this case.
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Evaluation of risk of falls in patients at a memory impairment outpatient clinic.
Geriatr Gerontol Int
PUBLISHED: 08-26-2009
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We investigated the usefulness of the fall-predicting score, a simple screening test to identify patients at high risk of falls in outpatients with cognitive impairment.
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Association of plasma sex hormone levels with functional decline in elderly men and women.
Geriatr Gerontol Int
PUBLISHED: 08-26-2009
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We aimed to determine whether plasma sex hormone levels are associated with activities of daily living (ADL), cognition, depression and vitality in elderly individuals with functional decline.
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Short- and long-term donor outcomes after kidney donation: analysis of 601 cases over a 35-year period at Japanese single center.
Transplantation
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2009
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The lack of deceased donors in Japan means that living-donor kidney transplantation is necessary in as many as 80% of cases. However, there are few data on perioperative complications and long-term outcome for live kidney donors.
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Non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol: an important predictor of stroke and diabetes-related mortality in Japanese elderly diabetic patients.
Geriatr Gerontol Int
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To evaluate the association of low-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol with the risk of stroke, diabetes-related vascular events and mortality in elderly diabetes patients.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.