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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Comparison of the clinical courses and chemotherapy outcomes in metastatic colorectal cancer patients with and without active Mycobacterium tuberculosis or Mycobacterium kansasii infection: a retrospective study.
BMC Cancer
PUBLISHED: 04-05-2014
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Although active Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) or Mycobacterium Kansasii (MK) infection could be present in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (m-CRC), no study is available on the clinical courses and chemotherapy outcomes of these patients. The present study therefore aimed to retrospectively examine whether m-CRC patients with and without active MTB or MK infection could receive cancer chemotherapy similarly.
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Clinical course of acute chemical lung injury caused by 3-chloropentafluoropene.
BMJ Case Rep
PUBLISHED: 12-07-2013
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Perfluoroallyl chloride (PFAC), a fluorine-containing compound, has very severe toxicity, but this toxicity is not well characterised. We report a fatal case of acute chemical lung injury caused by the inhalation of PFAC. A 39-year-old man, working at a chemical factory, inhaled PFAC gas and died 16 days later of acute lung injury with severe pneumothorax. We present his clinical course together with thoracic CT findings, autopsy and analysis of PFAC in blood and urine samples with gas chromatograph-mass spectrometry. Previously, a fatal case of PFAC was reported in 1981 but PFAC was not identified in any of the patients samples. In our patient, we identified PFAC in both blood and urine samples. Our toxicological analysis may be used as a reference to detect PFAC toxicity in the future. Our study should be helpful for diagnosing lung injury induced by a highly toxic gas, such as PFAC.
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Morphology of 9p21 homozygous deletion-positive pleural mesothelioma cells analyzed using fluorescence in situ hybridization and virtual microscope system in effusion cytology.
Cancer Cytopathol
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2013
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In malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), most patients first present with pleural effusion; thus, cytologic analysis is the primary diagnostic approach. However, the cytologic distinction between MPM and reactive mesothelial cells (RMCs) in effusions can be extremely difficult due to the lack of both well-established immunocytochemical markers and definite cytological criteria for MPM. Moreover, the existence of both MPM cells and RMCs in effusions from the same patient makes the differentiation even more challenging. Homozygous deletion of the 9p21 locus, the site of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A/p16 (CDKN2A/p16) gene, frequently occurs in MPM but has never been reported in RMCs. The aim of this study was to define the cytomorphological characteristics of MPM cells, identified by the presence of 9p21 homozygous deletion by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).
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Involvement of NANOG upregulation in malignant progression of human cells.
DNA Cell Biol.
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2013
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Previously, we isolated cell lines that display various degrees of transformed phenotypes from a single-cell population of human diploid fibroblasts (RB) containing a large deletion (13q14-22) in one copy of chromosome 13. They included a cell line transfected with SV40 early genes (RBSV), an immortalized cell line (RBI), an anchorage-independent cell line (RBS), and a tumorigenic cell line (RBT). Here, we analyzed gene expression profiles in these cell lines and showed that expression of some fibroblast-specified or mesenchyme-specified genes were downregulated, and those of stem cell-specified genes, including NANOG, were upregulated during malignant progression. When NANOG expression was knocked down with a short hairpin NANOG expression vector (shNANOG vector) in the RBS and RBT cells, the anchorage independency and tumorigenicity were repressed. We next examined various cancer cell lines for NANOG expression and showed that some cancer cell lines expressed a high level of normal and/or variant NANOG proteins. Overexpression of NANOG mRNA in lung adenocarcinoma was also shown by in situ hybridization. All these data indicate the involvement of NANOG in tumorigenesis.
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Usefulness of high suction pressure for sufficient tissue collection during endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial needle aspiration.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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The optimal suction pressure during endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) remains to be determined. The aim of this study was to compare suction pressures for performance in collecting sufficient tissue specimens from mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes during EBUS-TBNA.
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Diagnostic factors of standard bronchoscopy for small (?15 mm) peripheral pulmonary lesions: a multivariate analysis.
Intern. Med.
PUBLISHED: 03-15-2011
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors contributing to an accurate diagnosis of small (?15 mm) peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs) by standard bronchoscopy and to determine the most suitable technology for such a diagnosis.
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The transmembrane adaptor Cbp/PAG1 controls the malignant potential of human non-small cell lung cancers that have c-src upregulation.
Mol. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 12-14-2010
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The tyrosine kinase c-Src is upregulated in various human cancers, although the precise regulatory mechanism underlying this upregulation is unclear. We previously reported that a transmembrane adaptor Csk-binding protein (Cbp; PAG1) plays an important role in controlling the cell transformation that is induced by the activation of c-Src. To elucidate the in vivo role of Cbp, we examined the function of Cbp in lung cancer cell lines and tissues. In this study, we found that Cbp was markedly downregulated in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. The ectopic expression of Cbp suppressed the anchorage-independent growth of the NSCLC cell lines (A549 and Lu99) that had upregulated c-Src, whereas the Cbp expression had little effect on other NSCLC cell lines (PC9 and Lu65) that express normal levels of c-Src. The expression of Cbp suppressed the kinase activity of c-Src in A549 cells by recruiting c-Src and its negative regulator, C-terminal Src kinase (Csk), to lipid rafts. The treatment with Src inhibitors, such as PP2, dasatinib, and saracatinib, also suppressed the growth of A549 cells. Furthermore, Cbp expression attenuated the ability of A549 cells to form tumors in nude mice, invade in vitro, and metastasize in vivo. In addition, we found a significant inverse correlation between the level of Cbp expression and the extent of lymph node metastasis in human lung cancers. These results indicate that Cbp is required for the Csk-mediated inactivation of c-Src and may control the promotion of malignancy in NSCLC tumors that are characterized by c-Src upregulation.
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Expression of adhesion molecules and transforming growth factor-? in pleomorphic carcinomas of the lung.
Oncol Lett
PUBLISHED: 06-23-2010
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Pleomorphic carcinoma (PC) of the lung consists of an epithelial component showing the histology of poorly differentiated non-small cell carcinoma of the lung and a sarcomatous component, that is more aggressive compared to non-small cell carcinoma of the lung. To determine the differences between an epithelial component of PC and poorly differentiated non-small cell carcinoma, the expression of adhesion molecules (E-cadherin, ?-catenin and N-cadherin) and transforming growth factor-? (TGF-?) was compared immunohistochemically among 14 poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas of the lung (PDAs) and 14 PCs of the lung, with an epithelial component, showing the histology of PDA. Expression levels of E-cadherin and ?-catenin were significantly lower in epithelial or sarcomatous components of PCs than in PDAs while that of TGF-? was significantly higher in epithelial components of PCs than in PDAs. No significant difference was found in incidences of the expression of these molecules between epithelial and sarcomatous components of PCs. No significant difference was noted in the expression level of N-cadherin among PDAs and epithelial and sarcomatous components of PCs. The present results showed that E-cadherin and ?-catenin expression is reduced and TGF-? expression is increased in epithelial components of PCs with the same histology as PDA when compared to PDAs, suggesting that an epithelial component of PC is distinct from non-small cell carcinoma with the same histology.
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Predictive factors for postoperative acute exacerbation of interstitial pneumonia combined with lung cancer.
Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
PUBLISHED: 04-18-2010
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Postoperative acute exacerbation (AE) of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) is a serious complication in the surgical treatment for primary lung cancer combined with UIP. The purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of AE of UIP after a major lung resection.
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A case of micronodular pneumocyte hyperplasia diagnosed through surgical resection.
Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
PUBLISHED: 03-02-2010
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Micronodular pneumocyte hyperplasia (MNPH) is often associated with tuberous sclerosis complex and/or lymphangioleiomyomatosis. We present the case of a 45-year-old woman with MNPH without evidence of either. A preoperative high-resolution chest computed topographic scan demonstrated a ground-glass opacity 8 mm in diameter that revealed the possibility of atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH) or bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC). Therefore an S3 segmentectomy of the right lung was performed, and the specimens revealed the characteristic histological and immunohistological features of MNPH. Solitary MNPH is extremely rare and requires to be distinguished from AAH or BAC on a computed tomographic scan; therefore surgical resection may be required to definitely rule out malignancy.
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[In vitro susceptibilities to levofloxacin and various antibacterial agents of 12,919 clinical isolates obtained from 72 centers in 2007].
Keizo Yamaguchi, Akira Ohno, Yoshikazu Ishii, Kazuhiro Tateda, Morihiro Iwata, Makoto Kanda, Kouji Akizawa, Chikara Shimizu, Shinichirou Kon, Kastushi Nakamura, Keiko Matsuda, Makoto Tominaga, Takuo Nakagawa, Akihiro Sugita, Tatsumi Ito, Jun Kato, Akira Suwabe, Kumiko Yamahata, Chizuko Kawamura, Hiromi Tashiro, Hiroko Horiuchi, Yosei Katayama, Shigemi Kondou, Shigeki Misawa, Misturu Murata, Yoshio Kobayashi, Hideyuki Okamoto, Kenichiro Yamazaki, Motoi Okada, Kosuke Haruki, Harushige Kanno, Masanori Aihara, Shigefumi Maesaki, Giichi Hashikita, Eiji Miyajima, Midori Sumitomo, Takefumi Saito, Nobuo Yamane, Chieko Kawashima, Takahisa Akiyama, Tamio Ieiri, Yoshitaka Yamamoto, Yuki Okamoto, Hidetoshi Okabe, Kunihiko Moro, Masayo Shigeta, Haruyoshi Yoshida, Masanobu Yamashita, Yukio Hida, Takayuki Takubo, Tadashi Kusakabe, Hiroya Masaki, Hitoshi Heijyou, Hideo Nakaya, Kunimitsu Kawahara, Reiko Sano, Syuji Matsuo, Hisashi Kono, Yosuke Yuzuki, Norio Ikeda, Masayo Idomuki, Masayuki Soma, Go Yamamoto, Syohiro Kinoshita, Seiji Kawano, Mikio Oka, Nobuchika Kusano, Dongchon Kang, Junko Ono, Minoru Yasujima, Makoto Miki, Masato Hayashi, Syunji Okubo, Syunkou Toyoshima, Mitsuo Kaku, Imao Sekine, Joji Shiotani, Hajime Horiuchi, Yoko Tazawa, Akiko Yoneyama, Kazunari Kumasaka, Kazuhiko Koike, Nobuyuki Taniguchi, Yukio Ozaki, Takashi Uchida, Masami Murakami, Kazuhisa Inuzuka, Hideo Gonda, Ikuo Yamaguchi, Yoshinori Fujimoto, Junji Iriyama, Yuko Asano, Hitoshi Genma, Masato Maekawa, Hitoshi Yoshimura, Kaname Nakatani, Hisashi Baba, Satoshi Ichiyama, Shinichi Fujita, Masao Kuwabara, Toshiro Okazaki, Hiromitsu Fujiwara, Hiromi Ota, Astushi Nagai, Jun Fujita, Kiyoshi Negayama, Tetsuro Sugiura, Mikio Kamioka, Mitsuharu Murase, Nobuhisa Yamane, Isamu Nakasone, Akihiko Okayama, Yosuke Aoki, Koji Kusaba, Yukari Nakashima, Hiroaki Miyanohara, Kazufumi Hiramatsu, Tetsunori Saikawa, Katsunori Yanagihara, Junichi Matsuda, Shigeru Kohno, Koichi Mashiba.
Jpn J Antibiot
PUBLISHED: 10-29-2009
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We have reported in this journal in vitro susceptibilities of clinical isolates to antibiotics every year since 1992. In this paper, we report the results of an analysis of in vitro susceptibilities of 12,919 clinical isolates from 72 centers in Japan to selected antibiotics in 2007 compared with the results from previous years. The common respiratory pathogens, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Moraxella catarrhalis and Haemophilus influenzae maintained a high susceptibility to fluoroquinolones (FQs). The resistance of S. pyogenes to macrolides has been increasing every year and this was especially clear this year. Most strains of Enterobacteriaceae except for Escherichia coli showed a high susceptibility to FQs. Almost 30% of E. coli strains were resistant to FQs and the resistance increased further this year. FQs resistance of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was approximately 95% with the exception of 45% for sitafloxacin (STFX). FQs resistance of methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) was low at about 10%. FQs resistance of methicillin-resistant coagulase negative Staphylococci (MRCNS) was higher than that of methicillin-susceptible coagulase negative Staphylococci (MSCNS), but it was lower than that of MRSA. However, FQs resistance of MSCNS was higher than that of MSSA. FQs resistance of Enterococcus faecalis was 22.5% to 29.6%, while that of Enterococcusfaecium was more than 85% except for STFX (58.3%). In clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa derived from urinary tract infections, FQs resistance was 21-27%, which was higher than that of P. aeruginosa from respiratory tract infections at 13-21%, which was the same trend as in past years. Multidrug resistant strains accounted for 5.6% in the urinary tract and 1.8% in the respiratory tract. Acinetobacter spp. showed high susceptibility to FQs. The carbapenem resistant strains, which present a problem at present, accounted for 2.7%. Neisseria gonorrhoeae showed high resistance of 86-88% to FQs. The results of the present survey indicated that although methicillin-resistant Staphylococci, Enterococci, E. coli, P. aeruginosa, and N. gonorrhoeae showed resistance tendencies, and other species maintained high susceptibility rates more than 90% against FQs, which have been used clinically for over 15 years.
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Downregulation of drs tumor suppressor gene in highly malignant human pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors.
Oncol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 05-09-2009
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Neuroendocrine tumors in the lung fall into four categories: typical carcinoid tumor (TC), atypical carcinoid tumor (AC), large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) and small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC), in ascending order of malignancy. The drs gene was originally isolated as a suppressor against v-src transformation and was shown to induce apoptosis in human cancer cells. The expression of drs was markedly downregulated in various human cancer tissues and cell lines. Furthermore, drs knockout mice showed a tumor-prone phenotype, indicating that drs acts as a tumor suppressor gene in malignant tumor formation. To clarify the role of the drs gene in the development of human pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors, we examined the expression of drs mRNA in tissue specimens from 3 cases of TC, 4 cases of AC, 2 cases of LCNEC, and 11 cases of SCLC by in situ mRNA hybridization. Four cases of normal lung and bronchial epithelia, 8 samples of normal brain tissue, and 2 cases of tumorlets in the lung were also examined. The drs mRNA was definitely expressed in all normal tissues of the lung and brain, and 3 TC and 2 tumorlet tissues. The expression of drs mRNA was also detected in 2 of 2 LCNEC tissues and 3 of 4 AC tissues, although the signals were weak. On the other hand, drs mRNA was not detected in 10 of 11 SCLC tissues. Downregulation of drs mRNA was also observed in 3 of 4 SCLC cell lines that were examined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Neither gross deletion nor rearrangement of the drs genome was detected in these cell lines by Southern blot analysis. Our results indicate that the downregulation of drs is correlated with the development of SCLC, a highly malignant pulmonary neuroendocrine tumor.
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[A case of malignant lymphoma successfully diagnosed using Sasada transbronchial angled biopsy forceps].
Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2009
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A 68-year-old man was referred to our hospital due to general fatigue, fever and weight loss. His chest radiograph showed a nodule (2.8 cm) in the right middle lobe. Computed tomography and positron emission tomography showed multiple metastases to the bone, liver and lymph nodes. The lung nodule was not accessible by standard transbronchial forceps. However, biopsy specimens obtained using Sasada Transbronchial Angled Biopsy Forceps (STAF) pathologically confirmed the diagnosis of malignant lymphoma. We report the case, and discuss the utility of STAF for lung lesions that are difficult to access with standard forceps.
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A new electrocautery pleural biopsy technique using an insulated-tip diathermic knife during semirigid pleuroscopy.
Surg Endosc
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2009
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The biopsy size obtained with standard flexible forceps (SFF) during semirigid pleuroscopy is often insufficient for pathological examination. An insulated-tip diathermic knife (IT knife) allows safe resection of a larger lesion during gastrointestinal endoscopy. We sought to validate an electrocautery pleural biopsy technique using the IT knife during semirigid pleuroscopy. We compared the diagnosis of specimens obtained using the IT knife and SFF in 20 subjects with unexplained pleural effusion, and reviewed pleuroscopic parameters such as complications, procedure time, and diameter of the specimens.
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Immunohistochemistry of cytokeratins 7, 8, 17, 18, and 19, and GLUT-1 aids differentiation of desmoplastic malignant mesothelioma from fibrous pleuritis.
Histol. Histopathol.
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It is difficult to distinguish desmoplastic malignant mesothelioma (DMM) from fibrous pleuritis (FP). We investigated the utility of immunohistochemistry as a way of differentiating between DMM and FP. We examined 11 DMMs and 46 FPs with the aid of antibodies against 18 cytokeratin (CK) subtypes, calponin, caldesmon, desmin, and GLUT-1. The best sensitivity and specificity cut-off values in the receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) for CKs 7, 8, 17, 18, and 19, and GLUT-1 were each above 60%. When cases with either DMM or FP were partitioned by the staining score associated with the best sensitivity and specificity cut-off values in ROC, the incidence of a positive expression for CKs 7, 8, 17, 18, and 19, and GLUT-1 was significantly higher in DMM than in FP. In conclusion, immunohistochemistry for CKs 7, 8, 17, 18, and 19, and GLUT-1 may be useful, alongside histological characteristics, for separating DMM from FP.
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Pulmonary carcinosarcoma with an osteosarcomatous component.
Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
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Pulmonary carcinosarcoma is a rare disease entity defined as a neoplasm, which has biphasic features consisting of both epithelial and sarcomatous components. It has been reported that the most frequent epithelial component is squamous cell carcinoma, while the most frequent sarcomatous component is rhabdomyosarcoma. Pulmonary carcinosarcomas with osteosarcoma components are even rarer. We report a case of a potentially curative resection for carcinosarcoma with an osteosarcoma component. Thoracic surgeons should be aware of this rare tumor when lung tumors with ossification are encountered.
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Thymic carcinoma with adenoid cystic carcinomalike features with distant metastases.
Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
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Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), which is a subtype of the nonpapillary adenocarcinoma of the thymus, is extremely rare. We report a patient with thymic carcinoma with ACC-like features presented with multiple bone and pulmonary metastases that underwent surgery. The present case firstly demonstrated that thymic carcinoma with ACC-like features could have metastatic potential.
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Surgical results and staging of non-small cell lung cancer with interlobar pleural invasion.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg
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The aim of this study was to compare the survival rates of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with interlobar pleural invasion (IPI) with that of patients with other T2 and T3 diseases according to the seventh TNM staging system. One thousand and one patients with pathologic T2 and T3 NSCLC (according to the seventh staging criteria) treated between 1980 and 2004 were retrospectively evaluated. Among these, 682 patients were pathologically staged as T2 without IPI (T2 group), 25 as T2 with IPI (IPI group) and 294 as T3 (T3 group). The 5-year survival rate for the T2, IPI and T3 groups were 52.0, 31.1 and 36.3%, respectively. In patients without nodal involvement, the 5-year survival rates of the T2N0, IPIN0 and T3N0 groups were 60.9, 40.0 and 45.9%, respectively. The survival rate was significantly different between the T3N0 and T2N0 groups (P < 0.001) and between the IPIN0 and T2N0 (P = 0.020) groups. There was no significant difference in the survival rate between the IPIN0 and T3N0 groups (P = 0.644). In patients without nodal involvement, the survival of NSCLC with IPI is similar to that of the T3 disease.
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Intrapulmonary neurofibroma independent of neurofibromatosis type 1.
Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
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Intrapulmonary neurofibromas without neurofibromatosis type 1 are rare-so rare that only 11 cases have been reported previously. This case report describes a 37-year-old woman who was otherwise healthy. Chest radiography and computed tomography showed a solitary nodule, 20 mm diameter, in the left lung. The tumor was removed and examined. It was not encapsulated but was covered with an intact bronchial mucosa and lacked a clear partition into two areas of Antoni A (a palisading cellular component) and Antoni B (a loose myxoid component). Tumor cells were strongly positive for neuron-specific enolase and S-100 protein. These data characterized the tumor as a rare benign neurofibroma. The patient shows no sign of recurrence after 12 months of follow-up. We reviewed and characterized surgically resected cases of intrapulmonary neurofibroma without neurofibromatosis type 1 especially in comparison with cases of endotracheobronchial neurofibroma.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.