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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
[Metastasis to unusual sites].
Bull Cancer
PUBLISHED: 02-22-2014
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Metastases are responsible for the majority of deaths from solid cancers. Metastatic phenomenon, complex, is a multi-step process where interactions between cells and with the microenvironment are essential. The organ tropism, that is the propensity of a cancer to metastasize to specific organs, can be explained by several mechanisms that we have described. Apart from the usual metastases, unusual sites can appear with heterogeneous clinical presentations. We describe known to date mechanisms that can explain these unusual metastasis. A summary of these locations has been realized. A rare location should always be considered in front of any atypical symptom.
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FDG-PET/CT is a pivotal imaging modality to diagnose rare intravascular large B-cell lymphoma: case report and review of literature.
Hematol Oncol
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2014
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Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) remains a diagnostic challenge, because of non-specific findings on clinical, laboratory, and imaging studies. We present a case in which 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography was particularly useful to suspect the diagnosis, to detect unexpected locations, to guide contributive biopsy, and to assess the response to treatment. In case of initial negative results, FDG-PET should be repeated in the course of clinical evolution. In the presence of neurological or hormonal symptoms without brain magnetic resonance imaging abnormality, FDG-PET brain slices could depict additional pituitary and/or brain hypermetabolisms. We discuss the potential interests of FDG-PET in IVLBCL by a literature review. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Hodgkin's Lymphoma in Older Patients: an Orphan Disease?
Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Hodgkin Lymphoma HL can be cured in the large majority of younger patients, but prognosis for older patients, especially those with advanced-stage disease, has not improved substantially. The percentage of HL patients aged over 60 ranges between 15% and 35%. A minority of them is enrolled into clinical trials. HL in the elderly have some specificities: more frequent male sex, B-symptoms, advanced stage, sub diaphragmatic presentation, higher percentage of mixed cellularity, up to 50% of advanced cases associated to EBV. Very old age (>70) and comorbidities are factor of further worsening prognosis. Like in younger patients, ABVD is the most used protocol, but treatment outcome remains much inferior with more frequent, severe and sometimes specific toxicities. Few prospective studies with specific protocols are available. The main data have been published by the Italian Lymphoma Group with the VEPEMB schedule and the German Hodgkin Study Group with the PVAG regimen. Recently, the Scotland and Newcastle Lymphoma Study Group published the SHIELD program associating a prospective phase 2 trial with VEPEMB and a prospective registration of others patients. Patients over 60y with early-stage disease received three cycles plus radiotherapy and had 81% of 3-year overall survival (OS). Those with advanced-stage disease received six cycles, with 3-year OS of 66%. The role of geriatric and comorbidity assessment in the treatment's choice for HL in the elderly is a major challenge. The combination of loss of activities of daily living combined with the age stratification more or less 70y has been shown as a simple and effective survival model. Hopes come from promising new agents like brentuximab-vedotin (BV) a novel antibody-drug conjugate. The use of TEP to adapt the combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy according to the metabolic response could also be way for prospective studies.
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The relevance of testing the efficacy of anti-angiogenesis treatments on cells derived from primary tumors: a new method for the personalized treatment of renal cell carcinoma.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Despite the numerous available drugs, the most appropriate treatments for patients affected by common or rare renal cell carcinomas (RCC), like those associated with the Xp11.2 translocation/transcription factor for immunoglobulin heavy-chain enhancer 3 (TFE3) gene fusion (TFE3 RCC), are not clearly defined. We aimed to make a parallel between the sensitivity to targeted therapies on living patients and on cells derived from the initial tumor. Three patients diagnosed with a metastatic RCC (one clear cell RCC [ccRCC], two TFE3 RCC) were treated with anti-angiogenesis drugs. The concentrations of the different drugs giving 50% inhibition of cell proliferation (IC50) were determined with the Thiazolyl Blue Tetrazolium Bromide (MTT) assay on cells from the primary tumors and a reference sensitive RCC cell line (786-O). We considered the cells to be sensitive if the IC50 was lower or equal to that in 786-O cells, and insensitive if the IC50 was higher to that in 786-O cells (IC 50 of 6 ± 1 µM for sunitinib, 10 ± 1 µM for everolimus and 6 ± 1 µM for sorafenib). Based on this standard, the response in patients and in cells was equivalent. The efficacy of anti-angiogenesis therapies was also tested in cells obtained from five patients with non-metastatic ccRCC, and untreated as recommended by clinical practice in order to determine the best treatment in case of progression toward a metastatic grade. In vitro experiments may represent a method for evaluating the best first-line treatment for personalized management of ccRCC during the period following surgery.
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Major efficacy of trabectedin in 2 metastatic osteosarcoma patients with wild-type Asp1104 ERCC5 tumor status.
Onkologie
PUBLISHED: 10-14-2013
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Treatment of osteosarcoma of the extremities consists of surgical resection preceded and followed by chemotherapy, including high-dose methotrexate or adriamycin-based protocols. When distant relapse occurs, therapeutic options are scarce. Trabectedin, a DNA-binding agent, is indicated for the treatment of patients with advanced soft tissue sarcomas after failure of anthracyclines and ifosfamide. In this indication, the 6-month progression-free survival is about 35-40%. Recent reports showed that some specific single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from DNA repair genes could be associated with sensitivity to trabectedin in soft tissue sarcomas.
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Primary multicentric angiosarcoma of bone: true entity or metastases from an unknown primary? Value of comparative genomic hybridization on paraffin embedded tissues.
Rare Tumors
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2013
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Multicentric primary angiosarcoma of bone has been described as a distinct entity from bone metastases from angiosarcoma. Bone angiosarcoma accounts for less than 1% of sarcomas. It has dismal prognosis overall, but the multicentric expression does not confer worse prognosis. We describe the case of an old male with bone angiosarcoma of the extremities with multicentric presentation. He soon after had soft tissue angiosarcoma of the head and neck. Histology and immunohistochemistry were consistent with the diagnosis of high-grade angiosarcoma. Comparative genomic hybridization on paraffin-embedded samples of the bone and head and neck samples suggested additional abnormalities in the bone fragment, thus suggesting than bone lesions were indeed metastatic from his head and neck angiosarcoma; although these preliminary analyses warrant confirmation in other similar rare cases. The patient died after 3 years of relapsed acute leukemia with progressive angiosarcoma.
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Monosomal karyotype improves IPSS-R stratification in MDS and AML patients treated with Azacitidine.
Am. J. Hematol.
PUBLISHED: 05-26-2013
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IPSS-R classifies cytogenetic abnormalities into five prognostic groups for survival. Monosomal karyotype (MK) is not a subgroup of IPSS-R. Additional prognostic information from MK in poor and very poor karyotype has been recently shown. The aim of our study was to determine the prognostic value of IPSS-R and MK for response and survival in AZA-treated high-risk MDS and AML with 20-30% of blasts patients. The study population included 154 patients who were classified according to IPSS-R. IPSS-R was not predictive of response (intermediate, 64%; poor, 44%; very poor, 56%; P?=?0.28) or survival (intermediate, 25 months; poor, 12 months; very poor, 11 months; P?=?0.14). Twenty-one patients (15%) presented with MK and had a median OS of 9 months. Patients with a very high IPSS-R score without MK had a median OS of 15 months, while patients with a high IPSS-R score without MK had a median OS of 13 months (P?=?0.18). We reclassified patients into the following three groups to include MK status: very high (MK only; OS median: 9 months), high (very high IPSS-R without MK and high IPSS-R without MK; OS median: 14 months) and intermediate (OS median: 25 months). As in recent publication including MK prognostic, we confirmed that this classification was predictive for survival in AZA treated patients (P?=?0.008). IPSS-R failed to discriminate between the prognostic subgroups. Stratification with MK has value in the prognosis of our cohort of AZA-treated patients.
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Acute kidney injury following crizotinib administration for non-small-cell lung carcinoma.
Lung Cancer
PUBLISHED: 04-27-2013
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A case of locally advanced non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) was inadequately controlled with cisplatin, bevacizumab and pemetrexed chemotherapy. Following identification of a mutation of the echinoderm microtubule-associated protein like 4-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (EML4-ALK) gene, crizotinib was then administered as targeted treatment. Kidney function was normal at diagnosis and during the first line therapy. The administration of crizotinib coincided on two occasions with a conspicuous rise in the serum creatinine level. Urinary protein over creatinine ratio was 0.31 g/g with 22% albumin and macroscopic hematuria. A kidney biopsy was performed at the time of the second episode of renal impairment which showed acute tubular necrosis (ATN) indicating recent renal injury together with a mononuclear cell infiltrate consistent with ongoing repair related to a previous insult. The renal lesions were closely related temporally to crizotinib administration, supporting a causative role for crizotinib in the acute renal injury and this phenomenon has not previously been described.
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Pharmacokinetics of trabectedin on hemodialysis: an application for the management of cancer patients with end-stage renal disease.
Cancer Chemother. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 06-06-2011
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The pharmacokinetics of trabectedin has never been reported in patients with impaired renal function or in patients on hemodialysis.
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Impact of the use of autologous stem cell transplantation at first relapse both in naive and previously rituximab exposed follicular lymphoma patients treated in the GELA/GOELAMS FL2000 study.
Haematologica
PUBLISHED: 04-12-2011
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We analyzed detailed characteristics and salvage treatment in 175 follicular lymphoma patients from the FL2000 study who were in progression after first-line therapy with or without addition of rituximab to chemotherapy and interferon.
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Treatment decisions for elderly patients with haematological malignancies: a dilemma.
Lancet Oncol.
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Over the past decade, haematological malignant diseases have been diagnosed with increasing frequency in patients older than 65 years. The management of these diseases is particularly difficult in elderly patients, as non-tumour-related life expectancy is highly variable and the benefit-to-risk ratio for oncological treatments depends on comorbidities and pharmacological factors. Very few data are available in very old or frail patients, and management decisions are usually based on data obtained in younger patients. Patients might, therefore, be overtreated or undertreated without clear clinical or biological justification. In this Review we discuss the management of haematological malignant diseases in the elderly, with respect to biology or pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic features. We focus on acute myeloid leukaemia and aggressive lymphoma. Additionally, we discuss how the implementation of geriatric tools, such as comprehensive geriatric assessment scores, in the clinical management of elderly patients might help to adapt treatment to meet individual patients needs.
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Effect of gemtuzumab ozogamicin on survival of adult patients with de-novo acute myeloid leukaemia (ALFA-0701): a randomised, open-label, phase 3 study.
Lancet
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The results of the addition of gemtuzumab ozogamicin, an anti-CD33 antibody conjugate, to the standard treatment for patients with acute myeloid leukaemia in phase 3 trials were contradictory. We investigated whether the addition of low fractionated-dose gemtuzumab ozogamicin to standard front-line chemotherapy would improve the outcome of patients with this leukaemia without causing excessive toxicity.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.